ZHAO RUGUA (simplified Chinese : 赵汝适; traditional Chinese : 趙汝适; pinyin : Zhào Rǔguā; CHAU JU-KUA/CHOU JU-KUA) (1170–1228), also written as ZHAO RUKUO or misread as ZHAO RUSHI, is a Song dynasty official who wrote a two-volume book titled Zhu fan zhi . The book deals with the world known to the Chinese in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries; the first volume is a list of foreign places with descriptions of each place and the customs of its local people. The second volume is a catalog of trade goods.
* 1 Biography
Zhu Fan Zhi
Zhao was a member of the
Song Dynasty imperial clan, an
eighth-generation descendant of Emperor Taizong in the lineage through
the younger brother of
Emperor Zhenzong . He was born in Tiantai
ZHU FAN ZHI
While working in Fujian, Zhao noted the commodities from various countries, and he had the opportunity to meet foreign merchants from whom he gathered information on various countries around the world. He also studied maps, and with the information that he collected, he wrote the book, which he finished around 1225. Many entries of Zhu Fan Zhi take information from an older work from 1178, Lingwai Daida by another geographer, Zhou Qufei (Chinese : 周去非; pinyin : Zhōu Qùfēi; Wade–Giles : Chou Ch'ü-fei). However, a significant part of the book came from what he gathered from foreign and Chinese traders.
Although Zhao had not travelled outside of China, the book contained
valuable information on various countries in the 13th century for
modern scholars. The countries ranged from those nearby such as Japan
, to the various kingdoms in South East Asia, such as
Bruneian Empire , places in India, to the Islamic heartland of Arabia
* ^ Chau-Ju-Kua, Friedrich Hirth and W.W. Rockhill (translators). "CHAU-JU-KUA: His work on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the twelfth and thirteenth Centuries, entitled chu-fan-chi (scanned version in PDF format)". CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link ) * ^ Hyunhee Park (2012). Mapping the Chinese and Islamic Worlds: Cross-Cultural Exchange in Pre-Modern Asia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50–52. ISBN 978-1107018686 . * ^ Chengda Fan, James M Hargett (2011). Treatises of the Supervisor and Guardian of the Cinnamon Sea: The Natural World and Material Culture of Twelfth-century China. University of Washington Press. ISBN 978-0295990798 . * ^ "Zhao Rukuo". Encyclopædia Britannica. * ^ Zheng Yangwen (2011). China on the Sea: How the Maritime World Shaped Modern China. Brill. p. 209. ISBN 978-9004194779 . * ^ "Old Chinese Book Tells of the World 800 Years Ago; Chau-Ju-Kua\'s Chronicles of the