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Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
(Chinese: 湛江; pinyin: Zhànjiāng; Jyutping: Zaam3 Gong1; Leizhou
Leizhou
Min: Tchiàm-kōng), is a prefecture-level city at the southwestern end of Guangdong
Guangdong
province, People's Republic of China, facing Hainan
Hainan
to the south. Its population was 6,994,832 inhabitants at the 2010 census. 1,611,868 live in the built-up area made of four urban districts: Chikan, Xiashan, Potou
Potou
and Mazhang. In 2007, the city is named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at 2007 Beijing
Beijing
Summit of China
China
Cities Forum.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Imperial China
China
era 1.2 French colonial period 1.3 Post–World War II

2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Administration 5 Military 6 Economy

6.1 Port of Zhanjiang 6.2 Agriculture 6.3 Industry 6.4 Business

7 Transport

7.1 Air 7.2 Rail

8 Tourism

8.1 Major theme attractions 8.2 French architectural monuments

9 Sports 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] Imperial China
China
era[edit] During the Qin Dynasty
Qin Dynasty
(221–206 BC), the area belonged to Xiang Shire. The central government of the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
(206 BC−220 AD) set Xuwen County
Xuwen County
administering the whole Leizhou
Leizhou
Peninsula. It was one of the earliest departure points on the Marine Silk Road. The population spiked during the Tang (618–907) and Song (960–1279) dynasties. Large numbers of Putian people immigrated to the peninsula during the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
and soon formed Zhanjiang's linguistic and ethnic majority.

 China

↓Jiawu War

↓Xinhai Revolution

↓WWII

↓Civil War

↓Sino-Soviet split

Qing Empire

Republic of China    

People's Republic of China

 Zhanjiang

↓Sino-French Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Bay Concession Treaty

↓The Settlement of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Bay Concession Convention

Qing rule

French rule

JP

ROC

People's Pepublic of China

│ 1858

│ 1868

│ 1878

│ 1888

│ 1898

│ 1908

│ 1918

│ 1928

│ 1938

│ 1948

│ 1958

│ 1968

│ 1978

│ 1988

│ 1998

│ 2008

French colonial period[edit] Further information: Guangzhouwan The region was still a small fishing port when it was occupied by the French in 1898. The next year, the French forced the Chinese to lease a small enclave of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
to them for 99 years (or until 1997, as the British did in Hong Kong's New Territories) as the territory of Kouang-Tchéou-Wan. The French wanted to develop the port, which they called Fort-Bayard, to serve southern China, in parts where France
France
had exclusive rights to railway and mineral development. Their efforts, however, were hindered by the poverty of the surrounding land. The French retained control of the region until 1943, when the Japanese occupied the area during World War II. At the end of the war, the region returned briefly under French rule before being formally returned to China
China
in 1946 by General Charles de Gaulle, then French head of state. Post–World War II[edit] Upon receiving the territory from the French, the Republic of China government decided to rename Kouang-Tchéou-Wan. The area was historically under the jurisdiction of Zhanchuan county, with a Zhanchuan customs post on the eastern island of the territory. As "Zhanjiang" was a historical variant of "Zhanchuan", it was decided to name the city "Zhanjiang". Following the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949, Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
developed new importance. In 1955 a rail link was built to Litang in Guangxi
Guangxi
province, where it joined the Hunan- Guangxi
Guangxi
Railway. Since then, Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
has developed into a major modern port serving southern China, usable by ships of up to 50,000 tons. In 1984 Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
was designated one of the "open" cities of China, where the central government invited foreign investment; this spurred the city's further industrial development. It has shipyards and engineering works; automobile, electrical-appliance, and textile plants; and sugar refineries, flour and rice mills, and chemical works. In the early 1990s a new rail line was completed, linking Zhanjiang with Guangzhou, the provincial capital. The line was later extended to Hai'an, at the southernmost tip of Leizhou
Leizhou
Peninsula, where trains could be transported by Guangdong– Hainan
Hainan
Ferry (part of the Guangdong– Hainan
Hainan
Railway) across the Hainan
Hainan
Strait to Haikou. Until the introduction of Pinyin
Pinyin
spelling, it was often known in the west as "Tsamkiang", "Chankiang" or "Tsamkong", the last name deriving from the Cantonese
Cantonese
pronunciation of the name. Geography[edit] Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
is to the southwest of the city of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
on an inlet of the South China
China
Sea. It is on the eastern coast of the Leizhou Peninsula. The spoken language in downtown districts is Cantonese, while people in most counties speak the Leizhou
Leizhou
dialect which is a dialect of Min Chinese. The dialect in Lianjiang County is Hakka. The time zone for Zhanjiang, as with all locations in the People's Republic of China, is Beijing
Beijing
time (GMT +8). Climate[edit] Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild, overcast winters and long, very hot, humid summers. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 16.2 °C (60.6 °F), and in July is 29.1 °C (84.2 °F). From April to September, rainfall is the heaviest and most frequent. Influenced by the ocean climate, Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
escapes the heat of the summer and chilliness of the winter.[2]

Climate data for Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
(1981−2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 27.4 (81.3) 30.8 (87.4) 36.0 (96.8) 36.2 (97.2) 37.7 (99.9) 36.8 (98.2) 37.2 (99) 38.1 (100.6) 35.5 (95.9) 33.3 (91.9) 33.3 (91.9) 29.2 (84.6) 38.1 (100.6)

Average high °C (°F) 19.6 (67.3) 19.7 (67.5) 22.6 (72.7) 26.8 (80.2) 30.2 (86.4) 32.0 (89.6) 32.4 (90.3) 32.3 (90.1) 31.1 (88) 29.0 (84.2) 25.5 (77.9) 21.6 (70.9) 26.9 (80.43)

Daily mean °C (°F) 16.2 (61.2) 16.7 (62.1) 19.6 (67.3) 23.8 (74.8) 27.0 (80.6) 28.7 (83.7) 29.1 (84.4) 28.8 (83.8) 27.6 (81.7) 25.4 (77.7) 21.7 (71.1) 17.6 (63.7) 23.52 (74.34)

Average low °C (°F) 13.8 (56.8) 14.7 (58.5) 17.5 (63.5) 21.7 (71.1) 24.6 (76.3) 26.3 (79.3) 26.6 (79.9) 26.2 (79.2) 25.0 (77) 22.7 (72.9) 18.7 (65.7) 14.7 (58.5) 21.04 (69.89)

Record low °C (°F) 5.2 (41.4) 3.8 (38.8) 4.8 (40.6) 11.5 (52.7) 15.2 (59.4) 18.6 (65.5) 22.7 (72.9) 21.5 (70.7) 17.2 (63) 13.6 (56.5) 6.2 (43.2) 3.6 (38.5) 3.6 (38.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.4 (1) 43.8 (1.724) 58.0 (2.283) 129.9 (5.114) 209.7 (8.256) 261.7 (10.303) 221.1 (8.705) 316.7 (12.469) 241.2 (9.496) 111.9 (4.406) 42.7 (1.681) 28.6 (1.126) 1,690.7 (66.563)

Average relative humidity (%) 80 87 88 87 84 82 81 82 80 77 74 74 81.3

Source #1: China
China
Meteorological Data Service Center

Source #2: Weather China
China
(precipitation days 1971-2000)

Administration[edit] Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
has direct jurisdiction over nine county-level divisions:

Administrative divisions of Zhanjiang

Chikan Xiashan Potou Mazhang Suixi County Xuwen County Wuchuan (city) Lianjiang (city) Leizhou (city)

Division code[3] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[4] Population 2010[5] Seat Postal code Divisions[6]

Subdistricts Towns Townships Residential communities Administrative villages

440800 Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
City 湛江市 Zhànjiāng Shì 13225.44 6,994,832 Chikan District 524000 37 82 2 298 1500

440802 Chikan District 赤坎区 Chìkǎn Qū 70.85 303,824 Nanqiao Subdistrict 524000 8

25 32

440803 Xiashan District 霞山区 Xiáshān Qū 116.97 487,093 Gongnong Subdistrict 524000 12

49 32

440804 Potou
Potou
District 坡头区 Pōtóu Qū 562.37 333,239 Nandiao Subdistrict 524000 2 5

8 58

440811 Mazhang
Mazhang
District 麻章区 Mázhāng Qū 970.09 487,712 Mazhang
Mazhang
Town 524000 3 4

13 100

440823 Suixi County 遂溪县 Suìxī Xiàn 2142.89 886,452 Suicheng Town 524300

15

25 229

440825 Xuwen County 徐闻县 Xúwén Xiàn 1954.37 698,474 Wencheng Subdistrict 524100 1 12 2 25 173

440881 Lianjiang 廉江市 Liánjiāng Shì 2839.89 1,443,099 Luozhou Subdistrict 524400 3 18

47 336

440882 Leizhou 雷州市 Léizhōu Shì 3707.10 1,427,664 Leicheng Subdistrict 524200 3 18

53 418

440883 Wuchuan 吴川市 Wúchuān Shì 860.90 927,275 Meilu Subdistrict 524500 5 10

53 141

Military[edit] Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
is headquarters of the South Sea Fleet
South Sea Fleet
of the People's Liberation Army Navy. It is also home base to two marine brigades. Economy[edit] Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
is a port city and trade center with a diversified industrial base, including a shipyard, textile plants, sugar refineries. plants producing automobiles, chemicals and electrical appliances as well as rice mills. From 2012 to 2014,economy of Zhanijang booms into a new level. In 2013, with 92 different key projects, the total investment reaches 306.9 millions.[7] In 2014, the GDP of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
was 225.87 billions yuan. The growth of GDP was 10 percent. Industrial enterprises above designated size added value of 73.49 billions yuan. Fixed Investment was 102 billions yuan and the growth was about 30 percent. Also, the total retail sales of consumer goods was 116 million dollars with growth of 13.e percent.[8] The government believes that the GDP of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
will be double on 2017 to achieve 400 billion and the speed of GDP growth will stay nearly 12 percent.[9] With the opening up of the Wushi oil field
Wushi oil field
in the South China
China
sea, off the coast of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
in 2016, the city has assumed further importance in the oil and gas exploration activities in the South China
China
Sea.[10][11] Port of Zhanjiang[edit] The Port of Zhanjiang is one of the finest deep water ports in China. In history, it was called by Guangzhouwan
Guangzhouwan
. It is the southernmost port on the coast of mainland China
China
and serves as a shipping outlet for much of Southwest China. The port of Zhanjiang, built in 1956, was the first modern port designed and developed after the founding of the People's Republic of China
China
and serves as the headquarters for the People's Liberation Army Navy's South Sea Fleet.[12] The Zhanjiang Port is one of the eight major ports in China, with an annual throughput of more than 2,600 million tons. As a natural port, it has about 60 kilometers depth and three islands outside to support. The port helps people in the provinces in South and West China
China
to go to sea quickly and easily. Also, it allows Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
to be open to navigation with more than 100 countries nowadays. It is important to the development of steel industry in Zhanjiang.[13] the port also services off shore support vessels plying to oil rigs and craft in the Wushi oil field.[11] Agriculture[edit] Sugarcane production was Zhanjiang's most prominent agricultural product in 2007: in 2006 it was 9,135,500 tons and it was 10,000,000 tons in 2007. Akoya cultured pearls, pineapples, bananas, papayas, seafood, farm-raised prawns and fish are native products and play a prominent role in the agricultural economy of Zhanjiang. In 2014, the modern agriculture of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
keeps increasing. There were 14 new leading enterprises of agriculture in the city. And the high-standard basic farmland increased 730 thousands mu of land.[14] With the effect of Guangdong
Guangdong
and Taiwan Agricultural Cooperation Project, Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
and Taiwan keeps increasing the depth of cooperation. The aspects of cooperation includes tropical products, fishery industry, animal husbandry and ecological agriculture. The government is trying to improve the platform of cooperation and construct more test sites for cooperative agricultural experiments.[15] Industry[edit] Industrial economy to make a breakthrough, a marked increase in the number of units. Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
in 2007 of all industrial output value of 112.134 billion yuan, up 17.1 percent, a growth rate of nearly four-year high of 15.3 billion net increase over the previous year. In 2007 the city's industrial enterprises above designated size reached 714, 71 more than the year before, industrial output value of over 100 million of the 132 enterprises. Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Economic and Technological Development Zone was founded in 1984. Its total planned area is 9.2 km2 (3.6 sq mi). The zone has a very good location for transportation. It is very convenient to get to the airport, the national highway G325 as well as the port. The major industries in the zone including automobile assembly, biotechnology and computer software.[16] The steel industry is developing during 2010 to 2013. The large-scale project of iron, steel and petrochemical began to construct in 2013. This project is aimed at promoting the local economy by producing 15 million metric tons of crude oil and 1 million tons of ethylene annually when the operation of the steel industry activate in 2017. The expected output of the project is near 300 billions yuan which will stimulate the development of economy of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
notably. The main market of the steel industry will focus South China
China
and Southeast Asia. But the protect of environment also becomes an important issue during the growth of industry.[7] 8% of 50 billions yuan total investment in this project will be used to environmental protection and energy saving.[17] Business[edit] In 2007 the total value of retail sales of consumer goods in Zhanjiang was 38.216 billion yuan, an increase of 19.5% over the previous 12 years. In 2014, Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
constructed a French-style street with the theme of travel and leisure. The project not only tried to protect and renew the old French-style building, but also would lead the development of fashion business of the city. The whole street was separated into five areas. They are respectively shopping area, food area, culture are, special commerce area and show of art area. According to statistics, the visitor flow was reach 110 thousands people during 2014 Christmas. Those visitors directly brought 300 millions yuan combustion to the street.[18]

Transport[edit]

Zhanjiang Bay Bridge
Zhanjiang Bay Bridge
in 2008

Air[edit] The city is served by the Zhanjiang Airport
Zhanjiang Airport
(IATA: ZHA, ICAO: ZGZJ). Rail[edit] The Litang-Zhanjiang Railway
Litang-Zhanjiang Railway
runs from Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
inland to Guangxi. A branch line off the Litang- Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Line at Hechun to Maoming connects Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
with Guangdong's rail network to the east. A direct rail connection between Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
and Maoming, which will form the southernmost section of the Luoyang- Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Railway, is under construction. The Guangdong- Hainan
Hainan
Railway runs south from Zhanjiang down the Leizhou Peninsula
Leizhou Peninsula
to Hai'an where trains are ferried to Hainan
Hainan
Island's rail network. Tourism[edit] The well-known tourist attractions, the " Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Eight", are as follows:

East Island Huguangyan National Geopark:[19] This scenic area is a national geological park famous for its natural volcano relic. It has the most typical and largest maar (volcanic) lake in the world.[2] View of the sea promenade Park Jin-inch Lighthouse South Asia Subtropical Botanical Garden[20] South Isles Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Port: in the southeast part of the city proper, it once had passenger transport station operating liner to reach Haikou. However, there are no longer passenger liners directly from the city proper to Haikou. Visitors should go to the Hai'an Dock in Xuwen County
Xuwen County
for this connection.[2] Donghai Island: It ranks as the fifth largest island in China. A popular holiday resort has been built on the east side. In addition to the forest and beautiful sea, it has a 28-kilometer-long beach.[2] Naozhou Island: This is a beautiful island that is favorable for a visit at any season. The Naozhou Beacon with over a hundred years' history is the highlight of the island.[2]

Major theme attractions[edit]

South Park North Park Hoi Tin Park Southern tropical garden[20] Sino-Australian Friendship Garden[21] Jin Sha Wan Park

Golden Bay promenade Guanhai[22] Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Waterfront Park Park fishing port Xia Lake Park Green River Wetland Park Cunjin Bridge Park

French architectural monuments[edit]

French minister to the Department of the Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Bay France, the Police Department, Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Bay St. Victor Roman Catholic Church[23] Calyon site Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Bay Chamber of Commerce Center

Sports[edit] Football is the most popular sport in the city. The Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Olympic Main Stadium, which has a capacity of 40,000, is the largest sports venue by capacity in Zhanjiang. It opened in 2015. See also[edit]

List of twin towns and sister cities in China

References[edit]

^ "China's Top 10 Most Livable Cities". hnloudi.gov.cn. Hunan
Hunan
Loudi Official Government. 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2014-08-04.  ^ a b c d e Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Travel Guide: Map, History, Attractions. Travelchinaguide.com. ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ 湛江市国土资源局. 《湛江市土地利用总体规划(2006-2020年)》.  ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China
China
by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing
Beijing
Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 中华人民共和国民政部 (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.  ^ a b Qiu, Quanlin (March 14, 2013). " Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
eyes economic growth through industrial projects". Chinadaily. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ Guan, Jiayu (January 27, 2015). "Last years Zhanjaing GDP Growth in 10 percent". Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Daily. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ "Zhanjiang's investment boom takes off". ChinaDaily. Dec 26, 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ Xiating, Cao (12 March 2015). "Offshore oil development to benifit Zhanjiang's economy". China
China
Daily - Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
news. Retrieved 21 September 2017.  ^ a b "CNOOC set to break new ground at Wushi oilfield". Upstream news. Retrieved 21 September 2017.  ^ World Port Source. World Port Source. ^ "Port of Zhanjiang". baidu.com. baidu. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ Wang, Zhongbign (Feb 9, 2015). "Annual Report of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
for 2014". Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Daily. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ Mo, Songmeng (Feb 4, 2015). "Combine Agriculture with Tourism". Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Daily. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Economic and Technological Development Zone. RightSite.asia. ^ Yu, Yue (July 1, 2014). "Then Environmental Protection in Steel Project of Zhanjiang". Nanfang City Daily News. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ Zhuo, Chaoxing (Dec 28, 2014). "French-stryle Street Attract Thousands of People". Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
News. Retrieved 18 February 2015.  ^ Huguangyan Scenic Area – Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
– Reviews of Huguangyan Scenic Area – TripAdvisor. Tripadvisor.in. ^ a b South Asia Subtropical Botanical Garden. At0086.com. ^ http://www.pawseyprowse.com/la_sino_australian.html ^ Travel and Tourism Website – The sights. China-Zhanjiang. ^ "Uncovering a city's past", Li Wenfang, China
China
Daily, 25 April 2013

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zhanjiang.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zhanjiang.

Official website of Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Government

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Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Economic Development Zones of China

Special
Special
Economic Zones

Shenzhen Zhuhai Shantou Xiamen Kashgar Hainan
Hainan
Province

New open development zones

Dalian Qingdao Qinhuangdao Lianyungang Pudong Yantai Zhanjiang Ningbo Wenzhou Nantong Fuzhou Guangzhou Beihai Shuyang

http://www.cairns.qld.gov.au/region/sister-cities/Zhanjiang-China

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 156679

.