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ZEST is a food ingredient that is prepared by scraping or cutting from the outer, colorful skin of unwaxed citrus fruits such as lemon , orange , citron , and lime . Zest is used to add flavor ("zest") to foods.

In terms of fruit anatomy , zest is obtained from the flavedo (exocarp ) which is also referred to as zest. The flavedo and white pith (albedo ) of a citrus fruit together makes up its peel . The amounts of both flavedo and pith are variable among citrus fruits, and may be adjusted by the manner in which they are prepared. Citrus
Citrus
peel may be used fresh, dried, candied, or pickled in salt. Cross-section of an orange. The flavedo is zested; the bitter white albedo or pith is generally not used.

CONTENTS

* 1 Preparation * 2 Variation between fruit * 3 Uses * 4 Health * 5 References

PREPARATION

More orange flavedo than white albedo; contrast with orange, right. Zesting a lime ; the white mesocarp is visible where some of the green flavedo has been cut away. Slicing mesocarp from flavedo to make marmalade, using a flexible filet-style knife.

For culinary use, a zester , grater , vegetable peeler , paring knife , or even a surform tool is used to scrape or cut zest from the fruit. Alternatively, the peel is sliced, then excess pith (if any) cut away.

The white portion of the peel under the zest (pith , albedo or mesocarp ) may be unpleasantly bitter and is generally avoided by limiting the peeling depth. Some citrus fruits have so little white mesocarp that their peel can be used whole. Dried mandarin peel used whole as a seasoning (chenpi in Chinese).

VARIATION BETWEEN FRUIT

The zest and mesocarp vary with the genetics of the fruit . Fruit with peels that are almost all flavedo are generally mandarines ; relatives of pummelos and citrons tend to have thicker mesocarp. The mesocarp of pummelo relatives (grapefruit , orange , etc.) is generally more bitter; the mesocarp of citron relatives (Mexican and Persian limes , alemows etc.) is milder. The lemon is a hybrid of pummelo, citron, and mandarin. The mesocarp is also edible, and is used to make succade .

USES

Zest is often used to add flavor to different pastries and sweets, such as pies (e.g., lemon meringue pie ), cakes , cookies , biscuits , puddings , confectionery , candy and chocolate . Zest also is added to certain dishes (including ossobuco alla milanese ), marmalades , sauces , sorbets and salads .

Zest is a key ingredient in a variety of sweet and sour condiments, including lemon pickle , lime chutney , and marmalade . Lemon
Lemon
liqueurs and liquors such as Licor de oro
Licor de oro
require zest.

Zest is used in some cocktails not only for flavor and aroma but also for color as a garnish. For use as a cocktail garnish, zest often is cut in a long spiral called a twist . Cocktails featuring a twist include Dry Martini and Horse\'s Neck . For maximum flavor and aroma, as in mulled wine , zest is simply cut from the fruit with a knife.

HEALTH

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (November 2016)

The fungicide enilconazole (commonly known as Imazalil) is a known carcinogen widely used to grow citrus crops. An exposure standard governing the outer skin of a citrus fruit would likely differ from an exposure standard governing the fruit pulp. Depending on the chemical present and the degree of concern, a consumer might wish to wash or roughly scrub an item of citrus fruit prior to zesting the peel.

REFERENCES

* ^ Bender, David (2009). Oxford Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (third ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-19-923487-5 . * ^ "Market Watch: The wild and elusive Dancy". David Karp, LA Times. http://www.latimes.com/food/la-fo-marketwatch-20110128-story.html * ^ "World Spice
Spice
Plants". google.com.

Look up ZEST in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to CITRUS ZEST .

* v * t * e

Culinary herbs and spices

HERBS

* Angelica

* Basil
Basil

* holy * Thai

* Bay leaf * Indian bay leaf (tejpat) * Boldo * Borage
Borage
* Chervil
Chervil

* Chives
Chives

* garlic / Chinese

* Cicely
Cicely

* Coriander
Coriander
leaf / Cilantro

* Bolivian * Vietnamese (rau răm)

* Culantro * Cress * Curry leaf * Dill
Dill
* Epazote * Hemp
Hemp
* Hoja santa * Houttuynia cordata
Houttuynia cordata
(giấp cá) * Hyssop * Jimbu * Kinh gioi (Vietnamese balm) * Kkaennip * Lavender * Lemon
Lemon
balm * Lemon
Lemon
grass * Lemon
Lemon
myrtle * Lemon
Lemon
verbena * Limnophila aromatica (rice-paddy herb) * Lovage
Lovage
* Marjoram
Marjoram
* Mint * Mugwort
Mugwort
* Mitsuba * Oregano
Oregano
* Parsley
Parsley
* Perilla * Rosemary
Rosemary
* Rue * Sage * Savory * Sanshō leaf * Shiso * Sorrel
Sorrel
* Tarragon * Thyme
Thyme
* Woodruff

SPICES

* Aonori
Aonori
(ground seaweed) * Ajwain * Allspice
Allspice
* Amchoor (mango powder)

* Anise
Anise

* star

* Asafoetida
Asafoetida
* Camphor * Caraway
Caraway

* Cardamom
Cardamom

* black

* Cassia * Celery powder * Celery
Celery
seed * Charoli
Charoli
* Chenpi
Chenpi
* Cinnamon
Cinnamon
* Clove
Clove
* Coriander
Coriander
seed * Cubeb

* Cumin
Cumin

* Nigella sativa * Bunium persicum

* Deulkkae * Dill /  Dill
Dill
seed * Fennel
Fennel

* Fenugreek
Fenugreek

* blue

* Fingerroot (krachai)

* Galangal
Galangal

* greater * lesser

* Garlic
Garlic
* Ginger
Ginger
* Aromatic ginger (kencur) * Golpar * Grains of Paradise * Grains of Selim * Horseradish
Horseradish
* Juniper berry
Juniper berry
* Kokum * Korarima * Dried lime * Liquorice * Litsea cubeba * Mace * Mango-ginger * Mastic * Mahleb

* Mustard

* black * brown * white

* Nigella (kalonji) * Njangsa * Nutmeg
Nutmeg
* Pomegranate
Pomegranate
seed (anardana) * Poppy seed * Radhuni * Rose * Saffron
Saffron
* Salt
Salt
* Sarsaparilla * Sassafras
Sassafras
* Sesame
Sesame
* Shiso seeds / berries * Sumac
Sumac
* Tamarind
Tamarind
* Tonka bean * Turmeric
Turmeric
* Uzazi * Vanilla
Vanilla
* Voatsiperifery * Wasabi * Yuzu zest * Zedoary * Zereshk * Zest

Peppers

* Alligator * Brazilian

* Chili

* Cayenne * Paprika
Paprika

* Long * Peruvian * Sichuan (huājiāo) * Japanese pricklyash * Tasmanian * Peppercorn (black / green / white)

MIXTURES

* Adjika * Advieh * Baharat * Beau monde seasoning * Berbere
Berbere
* Bouquet garni
Bouquet garni
* Buknu * Chaat masala * Chaunk * Chili powder * Cinnamon
Cinnamon
sugar * Crab boil * Curry powder * Doubanjiang * Douchi * Duqqa * Fines herbes
Fines herbes
* Five-spice powder
Five-spice powder
* Garam masala
Garam masala
* Garlic
Garlic
powder * Garlic
Garlic
salt * Gochujang
Gochujang
* Harissa
Harissa
* Hawaij * Herbes de Provence * Idli podi * Jamaican jerk spice * Khmeli suneli * Lemon
Lemon
pepper * Mitmita * Mixed spice * Montreal steak seasoning * Mulling spices * Old Bay Seasoning
Old Bay Seasoning
* Onion powder
Onion powder
* Panch phoron * Persillade * Powder-douce * Pumpkin pie spice
Pumpkin pie spice
* Qâlat daqqa * Quatre épices * Ras el hanout * Recado rojo * Sharena sol * Shichimi * Tabil * Tandoori masala * Vadouvan * Yuzukoshō * Za\'atar

LISTS AND RELATED TOPICS

Lists of herbs and spices

* Culinary * Australian * Bangladeshi * Indian * Pakistani

Related topics

* Chinese herbology
Chinese herbology
* Herbal tea * Marination
Marination
* Spice
Spice
rub

* v * t * e

Citrus
Citrus

TRUE SPECIES

* Australian and Papuan wild limes * Byeonggyul * Citron
Citron
* Clymenia * Indian wild orange * Kumquat
Kumquat
* Mandarin * Mangshanyegan * Papeda * Pomelo
Pomelo
* Yuzu

MAJOR HYBRIDS

* Grapefruit
Grapefruit
* Lemon
Lemon
* Lime * Orange

True and hybrid cultivars

* Alemow * Amanatsu
Amanatsu
* Bergamot orange
Bergamot orange
* Bizzaria
Bizzaria
* Bitter orange
Bitter orange
* Blood lime
Blood lime
* Blood orange
Blood orange
* Buddha\'s hand * Cam sành * Cara cara navel
Cara cara navel
* Cherry orange * Citrange * Citrumelo * Clementine
Clementine
* Daidai * Dekopon * Fairchild tangerine * Florentine citron * Hassaku orange * Hebesu * Hyuganatsu
Hyuganatsu
* Imperial lemon * Iyokan
Iyokan
* Jabara * Jaffa orange * Kabbad * Kabosu * Kaffir lime
Kaffir lime
* Kakadu lime * Kalpi * Key lime * Khasi papeda * Kinnow * Kishumikan * Kiyomi * Komikan * Laraha * Lumia * Mandelo * Mandora * Melanesian papeda * Melogold * Meyer lemon * Murcott * Myrtle-leaved orange tree * Ōgonkan * Orangelo/Chironja * Oroblanco * Palestinian sweet lime * Persian lime * Perrine lemon * Pixie mandarin * Ponderosa lemon * Ponkan * Rangpur * Reikou * Rhobs el Arsa * Rough lemon * Sanboken * Satsuma mandarin * Setoka * Shangjuan * Shonan Gold * Sudachi * Sweet lemon * Sweet limetta * Tangelo * Tangerine
Tangerine
* Tangor * Ugli fruit * Valencia orange
Valencia orange
* Variegated pink lemon * Winged lime * Xã Đoài orange * Yuukou mandarin

NON-HYBRID CITRONS

* Balady citron * Corsican citron * Diamante citron
Diamante citron
* Fingered citron * Greek citron * Moroccan citron * Yemenite citron

NON-HYBRID MANDARIN ORANGES

* Nanfengmiju * Cleopatra mandarin * Shīkwāsā

NON-HYBRID PAPEDAS

* Ichang papeda * Citrus
Citrus
halimii or Mountain "citron"

NON-HYBRID POMELOS

* Banpeiyu
Banpeiyu
* Dangyuja

Australian and Papuan citrus (Microcitrus, Eromocitrus , and Clymenia subgenera)

* Australian outback lime * Australian round lime * Brown River finger lime * Desert lime * Mount white lime (Microcitrus) * New Guinea wild lime * Russell River lime * Clymenia

Kumquat
Kumquat
/Fortunella hybrids (× Citrofortunella )

* Calamondin
Calamondin
* Citrangequat * Limequat
Limequat
* Orangequat * Procimequat * Sunquat * Yuzuquat

RELATED GENERA

* Citrus
Citrus
glauca * Poncirus / Trifoliate orange

* Triphasia

* Brassii * Grandifolia * Trifolia

DRINKS

* Chūhai * Curaçao * Grapefruit
Grapefruit
juice * Lemonade
Lemonade
* Limeade * Orange juice
Orange juice
* Yuja-hwachae * Yuja-cha

PRODUCTS

* Calcium citrate * Citric acid
Citric acid
* Lemonene * Limonene * Neroli * Orange flower water * Orange oil * Succade
Succade
* Zest

DISEASES

* Black spot * CTV/Tristeza * Exocortis * Greening * Mal secco

* Phytophthora

* citricola

RELATED TOPICS

* The Citrus
Citrus
Industry * Citrus
Citrus
production * Citrus
Citrus
rootstock * Citrus
Citrus
taxonomy * Cold-hardy citrus * Hesperidium * Japanese citrus * List of citrus fruits * Mother Orange Tree * Orangery
Orangery
* University of California Citrus
Citrus
Experiment Station * University of California, Riverside Citrus
Citrus
Variety Collection

* BOOK * CATEGORY * PRODUCTION * COMMONS

Links: ------ /wiki/Citrus

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