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The Zenata
Zenata
(Berber: Iznaten, ⵉⵣⵏⴰⵜⴻⵏ[citation needed] or Iznasen, ⵉⵣⵏⴰⵙⴻⵏ; Arabic: زناتة‎ Zanātah) were a Berber tribe, who inhabited an area stretching from western Egypt
Egypt
to Morocco
Morocco
in antiquity along with the Sanhaja
Sanhaja
and Masmuda.[1] Their lifestyle was mainly nomadic.[2][3] The Zenata
Zenata
adopted Islam early, still in the 7th century. While other Berber tribes continued to resist the Umayyad Caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate
conquest well into the 8th century, they were quickly Arabized.[4] They also formed a substantial contingent in the subsequent Muslim invasion of Iberia. The 14th-century historiographer Ibn Khaldun
Ibn Khaldun
reports that the Zenata were divided into three large tribes: Jarawa, Maghrawa, and Banu Ifran. Formerly occupying a large portion of the Maghreb
Maghreb
(Tamazgha), they were displaced to the south and west in conflicts with the more powerful Kutama and Houara. In the 10th century, the Zenata
Zenata
were allied with the Caliphate of Cordoba against the Fatimids. The Zenata
Zenata
regained some political power during the 13th century with the rise of the Zayyanid dynasty. Two Zenata
Zenata
dynasties, the Marinids and the Wattasids, ruled Morocco
Morocco
from the mid-13th to mid-16th century. French linguist Edmond Destaing in 1915 proposed "Zenati" as a loose subgrouping within the Northern Berber languages, including Riffian Berber in northeastern Morocco
Morocco
and Shawiya Berber in northeastern Algeria.[5] See also[edit]

Numidia Dihya Zanata
Zanata
Stone Jinete Zeonta Jones

External links[edit]

Rachid Bellil, Université d'Alger. "Les Zénètes du Gourara d'hier à aujourd'hui (Sahara Zenatas)". Retrieved December 9, 2012.  Norman Roth. Jews, Visigoths, and Muslims in Medieval Spain: Cooperation and Conflict. Retrieved December 9, 2012. 

References[edit]

^ Nelson, Harold D. (1985). Morocco, a country study. Area handbook series. Washington, D.C.: The American University. p. 14.  ^ Ilahiane, Hsain (2004). Ethnicities, Community Making, and Agrarian Change: The Political Ecology of a Moroccan Oasis. University Press of America. p. 44.  ^ Wright, John (2012). A History of Libya. Hurst. p. 48.  ^ "The disappearance of Zenata
Zenata
to the eighth century, them covering a quarter of North Africa, is one of the most extraordinary facts the Tamazgha
Tamazgha
has ever known." Les oasis du Gourara (Sahara algérien) Par Rachid Bellil, (1999), p.77 ^ Edmond Destaing, "Essai de classification des dialectes berbères du Maroc Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.", Etudes et Documents Berbères 19-20, 2001-2002 (1915). Edmond Destaing, "Note sur la conjugaison des verbes de forme C1eC2", Mémoires de la Société Linguistique de Paris, 22 (1920/3), pp. 139-148

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Berber peoples

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Psylli Banioubae Gaetuli Garamantes Leuathae Libu Macae Marmaridae Mauri

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Adjissa Awerba Awregha Azdeja Bahlula Barghawata Fazaz Fendelawa Ghumara Gazoula Ghiatta Godala Guanches Haskura Houara Kutama Lamtuna Luwata Madyuna Masmuda Matmata Nafzawa Sanhaja Zanata

Banu Ifran Jarawa Maghrawa

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Brabers Chaouis Chenouas Ghomaras Jerbis Kabyles Matmatas Mozabites Nafusis Riffians Sanhajas de Srayr Shilha Siwis Teknas Toshavim Tuaregs

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