"ZDRAVLJICA" (Slovene pronunciation: ; English: "A Toast") is a
carmen figuratum poem by the 19th-century Romantic
Slovene poet France
Prešeren , inspired by the ideals of Liberté, égalité, fraternité
. It was written in 1844 and published with some changes in 1848.
Four years after it was written,
* 1 History * 2 Notes * 3 References * 4 External links
A censored manuscript, ready to be published in the Poezije (Poems) collection in 1846. A modified version was published in full in 1848.
The integral version of the poem was first published only after the
March Revolution when Austrian censorship was abolished, since the
censorship did not allow for the poem to be printed earlier because of
its political message. On 26 April 1848, it was published by the
Kmetijske in rokodelske novice , that was edited by
the Slovene conservative political leader
Before the censorship was abolished, Prešeren omitted the third stanza ("V sovražnike 'z oblakov / rodú naj naš'ga treši gróm") because he intended to include the poem in his Poezije collection (Poems), however the censor (fellow-Slovene Franc Miklošič in Austrian service) saw in the fourth stanza ("Edinost, sreča, sprava / k nam naj nazaj se vrnejo") an expression of pan-Slavic sentiment and therefore did not allow its publication either. Prešeren believed the poem would be mutilated without both the third and the fourth stanza and decided against including it in the Poezije.
"Zdravljica" was first set to music in the 1860s by Benjamin Ipavec and Davorin Jenko , but their versions didn't go well with the public, probably because the stanzes that they chose were not enough nationally awakening. In 1905, the Slovene composer Stanko Premrl wrote a choral composition. It was first performed only on 18 November 1917 by Glasbena matica (sl) ("Slovene Music Centre") in the Grand Hotel Union , Ljubljana. It became an immediate success.
* ^ Also called Zdravica - from a toast expression "Na zdravje" (to health) in Slovene.
* ^ Danica Veceric (2006). Slovenia. Looking at Europe, The Oliver Press, Inc., ISBN 1881508749 * ^ A B Cigoj Krstulović, Nataša (2005). "Himna kot simbol naroda: premislek ob stoletnici nastanka Premrlove Zdravice" (PDF). De musica disserenda (in Slovenian). I (1-2): 11–28.