ZARQA GOVERNORATE (Arabic محافظة الزرقاء Muħāfazat
az-Zarqāʔ, local dialects ez-Zergā or ez-Zer'a) is the third
largest governorate in
Jordan by population. The capital of Zarqa
Zarqa City, which is the largest city in the
governorate. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the Jordanian
Amman . The second largest city in the governorate is Russeifa
Zarqa Governorate hosts the largest military and air bases of the
Jordanian armed forces.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Administrative divisions
* 5 Economy
* 6 References
The city of
The land of
Zarqa Governorate has been inhabited since the Bronze Age
, most prominent were the Ammonite kingdom and the
Nabateans , who
constructed the fort known as
Qasr al Hallabat , which then was used
as a fort by the Romans, and then as a desert palace by the
The wetlands in
The most significant historical remains are the Umayyad desert
palaces, such as
Qasr Amra , a World Heritage site,
Qasr al Hallabat ,
Qasr Shabib in the center of the city of Zarqa, as well as the Castle
of Azraq. The Castle of
After the construction of the
Hedjaz railway by the Ottoman Turks at
the beginning of the 1900s,
Zarqa became a strategically important hub
Medina , the cities along the railway
started flourishing. Later, Jordan's
Arab Legion led by Glubb Pasha
had its main bases in Zarqa.
Qasr al Hallabat
Zarqa Governorate borders
Mafraq Governorate from the north and north
Amman Governorate from the south and south west, Jerash and
Balqa Governorates from the west. It also shares an international
Saudi Arabia in its south eastern edge.
Qasr Amra , A
World Heritage Site
Most of the area covered by the governorate constitutes part of the
Syrian desert plateau. the heavily populated western regions of the
governorate constitute part of the
Zarqa River basin. The two cities
Russeifa are the second and fourth largest cities in
The census of 2004 shows that the population of
Zarqa Governorate for
that year was 764,650 of whom 94.5% is considered urban population and
5.5% is a rural population. Jordanian citizens made up 97% of the
population. The female to male ratio was 46% to 54%. The Jordanian
Department of Statistics population estimate for the year 2010 is
910,800 with a female to male ratio of 48.25 to 51.75 and a population
density of 191.3 persons per Km2
DEMOGRAPHICS OF ZARQA GOVERNORATE
Female to Male ratio
46% to 54%
48.25% to 51.75%
Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals
97% to 3%
The population of districts according to census results:
Census 1994) Population
Census 2004) Population
Zarqa Governorate is divided into three departments:
Zarqa Governorate by population (2004)
POPULATION (CENSUS 2004)
Capital Department (Al-Qasaba)
لواء قصبة الزرقاء
A Jordanian F-16 in the
Muwaffaq Salti Air Base in
Due to its close location to the populated cities in Jordan, Zarqa
Governorate has the largest number of factories in Jordan, Jordan\'s
only oil refinery plant is located in Zarqa.
Muwaffaq Salti Air Base , the largest in the country, is located in
Zarqa Governorate hosts three universities, Hashemite
Al-Balqa` Applied University -
Zarqa College, and Zarqa
Private University .
* ^ "
Census of 2004 Table 3-1" (PDF). Dos.gov.jo.
Archived from the original (PDF) on July 22, 2011. Retrieved
* ^ "Jordan: Administrative Division, Governorates and Districts".
citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
* ^ "2004 Census" (PDF). Dos.gov.jo. Archived from the original
(PDF) on July 22, 2011. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
* ^ "HU. The
Hashemite University /الجامعة
الهاشمية". Hu.edu.jo. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
* ^ "Al-Balqa Applied University". Bau.edu.jo. Retrieved
‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered
for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus.
ADJACENT PLACES OF ZARQA GOVERNORATE
Al Jawf Province
Al Jawf Province
Governorates of Jordan
Coordinates : 31°54′N 36°45′E / 31.900°N 36.750°E /
31.900; 36.750 Retrieved from
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