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ZARQA GOVERNORATE (Arabic محافظة الزرقاء Muħāfazat az-Zarqāʔ, local dialects ez-Zergā or ez-Zer'a) is the third largest governorate in Jordan
Jordan
by population. The capital of Zarqa governorate is Zarqa
Zarqa
City, which is the largest city in the governorate. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the Jordanian capital Amman
Amman
. The second largest city in the governorate is Russeifa .

Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate hosts the largest military and air bases of the Jordanian armed forces.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Administrative divisions * 5 Economy * 6 References

HISTORY

The city of Russeifa
Russeifa

The land of Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate has been inhabited since the Bronze Age , most prominent were the Ammonite kingdom and the Nabateans , who constructed the fort known as Qasr al Hallabat , which then was used as a fort by the Romans, and then as a desert palace by the Umayyads . The wetlands in Azraq

The most significant historical remains are the Umayyad desert palaces, such as Qasr Amra
Qasr Amra
, a World Heritage site, Qasr al Hallabat , Qasr Shabib in the center of the city of Zarqa, as well as the Castle of Azraq. The Castle of Azraq

After the construction of the Hedjaz railway
Hedjaz railway
by the Ottoman Turks at the beginning of the 1900s, Zarqa
Zarqa
became a strategically important hub that connects Damascus
Damascus
to Medina
Medina
, the cities along the railway started flourishing. Later, Jordan's Arab Legion led by Glubb Pasha had its main bases in Zarqa.

GEOGRAPHY

The Nabatean
Nabatean
Palace Qasr al Hallabat

Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate borders Mafraq Governorate
Mafraq Governorate
from the north and north east, Amman
Amman
Governorate from the south and south west, Jerash and Balqa Governorates from the west. It also shares an international border with Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
in its south eastern edge. Qasr Amra
Qasr Amra
, A World Heritage Site

Most of the area covered by the governorate constitutes part of the Syrian desert plateau. the heavily populated western regions of the governorate constitute part of the Zarqa
Zarqa
River basin. The two cities of Zarqa
Zarqa
and Russeifa
Russeifa
are the second and fourth largest cities in Jordan.

DEMOGRAPHICS

The census of 2004 shows that the population of Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate for that year was 764,650 of whom 94.5% is considered urban population and 5.5% is a rural population. Jordanian citizens made up 97% of the population. The female to male ratio was 46% to 54%. The Jordanian Department of Statistics population estimate for the year 2010 is 910,800 with a female to male ratio of 48.25 to 51.75 and a population density of 191.3 persons per Km2

DEMOGRAPHICS OF ZARQA GOVERNORATE 2004 CENSUS 2010 ESTIMATE

Female to Male ratio 46% to 54% 48.25% to 51.75%

Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals 97% to 3% N/A

Urban population 727,268 860,700

Rural population 37,382 50,100

Total population 764,650 910,800

The population of districts according to census results:

DISTRICT Population ( Census
Census
1994) Population ( Census
Census
2004) Population ( Census
Census
2015)

ZARQA GOVERNORATE 639,469 764,650 1,364,878

Al-Hāshimiyah ... 46,311 80,713

Ar-Ruṣayfah (Russeifa) ... 268,237 481,900

Qaṣabah az-Zarqā' ... 450,102 802,265

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate is divided into three departments:

Departments of Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate by population (2004)

DEPARTMENT ARABIC NAME POPULATION (CENSUS 2004) ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER

1 Capital Department (Al-Qasaba) لواء قصبة الزرقاء 450,102 Zarqa
Zarqa

2 Russeifa
Russeifa
Department لواء الرصيفة 268,237 Russeifa
Russeifa

3 Hashemiyya Department لواء الهاشمية 46,311 Hashemiyya

ECONOMY

A Jordanian F-16 in the Muwaffaq Salti Air Base in Azraq

Due to its close location to the populated cities in Jordan, Zarqa Governorate has the largest number of factories in Jordan, Jordan\'s only oil refinery plant is located in Zarqa.

Muwaffaq Salti Air Base , the largest in the country, is located in Azraq . Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate hosts three universities, Hashemite University , Al-Balqa` Applied University - Zarqa
Zarqa
College, and Zarqa Private University .

REFERENCES

* ^ " Jordan
Jordan
National Census
Census
of 2004 Table 3-1" (PDF). Dos.gov.jo. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 22, 2011. Retrieved 2015-09-27. * ^ "Jordan: Administrative Division, Governorates and Districts". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 December 2016. * ^ "2004 Census" (PDF). Dos.gov.jo. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 22, 2011. Retrieved 2015-09-27. * ^ "HU. The Hashemite University /الجامعة الهاشمية". Hu.edu.jo. Retrieved 2015-09-27. * ^ "Al-Balqa Applied University". Bau.edu.jo. Retrieved 2015-09-27.

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

ADJACENT PLACES OF ZARQA GOVERNORATE

Jerash Governorate Balqa Governorate Mafraq Governorate
Mafraq Governorate

Amman
Amman
Governorate

Mafraq Governorate
Mafraq Governorate

ZARQA GOVERNORATE

Al Jawf Province
Al Jawf Province

* v * t * e

Governorates of Jordan

NORTH REGION

* Ajloun * Irbid * Jerash * Mafraq

CENTRAL REGION

* Amman
Amman
* Balqa * Madaba * Zarqa

SOUTH REGION

* Aqaba * Karak * Ma\'an * Tafilah

Coordinates : 31°54′N 36°45′E / 31.900°N 36.750°E / 31.900; 36.750 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zarqa_Governorate additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

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Links: ------ /wiki/Arabic_language /wiki/Jordan /wiki/Zarqa /wiki/Amman /wiki/Russeifa

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