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Az-Zarqā (Arabic: الزرقاء‎; English: The Blue City BGN: Az Zarqāʼ; local pronunciation ez-Zergā, ez-Zer'a, or ez-Zarka) is the capital of Zarqa Governorate
Zarqa Governorate
in Jordan. Its name means "the blue (city)". It had a population of 635160 inhabitants in 2015.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Climate 3 History 4 Demographics 5 Districts of Greater Zarqa
Zarqa
Municipality 6 Economy and infrastructure

6.1 Transportation 6.2 Industry

7 Education 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] Zarqa
Zarqa
is located in the Zarqa River
Zarqa River
basin in northeast Jordan. The city is situated 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Amman.[2] Climate[edit] Zarqa
Zarqa
has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk). The average annual temperature is 17.4 °C (63.3 °F), and around 182 mm (7.17 in) of precipitation falls annually, mostly in winter months.

Climate data for Zarqa

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 13.2 (55.8) 15.1 (59.2) 18.5 (65.3) 23.7 (74.7) 28.6 (83.5) 31.5 (88.7) 32.6 (90.7) 32.6 (90.7) 31.5 (88.7) 27.7 (81.9) 21.0 (69.8) 14.9 (58.8) 24.24 (75.65)

Daily mean °C (°F) 8.1 (46.6) 9.6 (49.3) 12.4 (54.3) 16.6 (61.9) 20.9 (69.6) 23.7 (74.7) 25.0 (77) 25.0 (77) 23.7 (74.7) 20.1 (68.2) 14.6 (58.3) 9.5 (49.1) 17.43 (63.39)

Average low °C (°F) 3.0 (37.4) 4.1 (39.4) 6.3 (43.3) 9.6 (49.3) 13.2 (55.8) 15.9 (60.6) 17.5 (63.5) 17.4 (63.3) 16.0 (60.8) 12.5 (54.5) 8.2 (46.8) 4.1 (39.4) 10.65 (51.18)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 42 (1.65) 38 (1.5) 31 (1.22) 10 (0.39) 3 (0.12) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (0.16) 20 (0.79) 34 (1.34) 182 (7.17)

Source: [3]

History[edit]

The Zarqa
Zarqa
train station of the Ottoman-built Hejaz Railway.

Although inhabited since the 1st century, the city of Zarqa
Zarqa
was established by immigrants from the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
region at the beginning of the 20th century.[disputed – discuss] The first settlement in the city was established in 1902 by Chechen immigrants who were displaced from the wars between the Ottoman and Russian Empires. They settled along the Zarqa
Zarqa
River. At that time a station on the Hejaz Railway
Hejaz Railway
was built in the new settlement. The railway station turned Zarqa
Zarqa
into an important hub. On 10 April 1905, the Ottoman governor issued a decree that allowed the Chechen immigrants to own lands which they settled on. The population then quickly grew in size. On 18 November 1928, the new Jordanian government issued a decree to establish the first municipal council for Zarqa. After the Transjordan Frontier Force was formed in 1926, military bases were constructed in the city by the British Army
British Army
and the city later became known as the "military city".[4] The headquarters of Jordan's Arab Legion
Arab Legion
was in Zarqa. Demographics[edit] With an estimated metropolitan population of about 700,000 in 2010, Zarqa
Zarqa
has the third largest metropolitan population in Jordan
Jordan
after Amman
Amman
and Irbid, whilst the city of Zarqa
Zarqa
has the second largest population after Amman
Amman
with a population of about 500,000.

Year Population

1903 1,000

1928 6,000

1952 28,456

2004 450,102

Districts of Greater Zarqa
Zarqa
Municipality[edit] The city of Zarqa
Zarqa
is divided into five districts that all together have an area of about 60 km2 (23 sq mi) and another two districts within the radius of influence of the city.

District Area (km²)

1 First District (City center) 2.96

2 Second District (Althawra Al-Arabiya) 11.3

3 Third District (Ewajan) 12.2

4 Fourth District (Zawahreh) 16

5 Fifth District (New Zarqa) 17

6 Sports Complex District 3.5

7 Zarqa
Zarqa
City Gardens District 19

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The Amman- Zarqa
Zarqa
highway

Central Zarqa

Transportation[edit]

The Faculty of Engineering in the Zarqa
Zarqa
University.

Zarqa
Zarqa
is connected by the Hejaz Railway
Hejaz Railway
to Amman
Amman
to the south and to Syria
Syria
to the north. A new railway is currently under construction to connect Amman
Amman
with Zarqa. Zarqa
Zarqa
lies on the international highway that connects Saudi Arabia with Syria
Syria
and on the international Amman- Baghdad
Baghdad
highway. Industry[edit] Zarqa
Zarqa
is Jordan's industrial center. It is home to over 50% of Jordanian factories. The growth of industry in the city is the result of low real estate costs and proximity to the capital Amman. Several facilities that are vital to Jordan's economy are based in Zarqa, such as Jordan's only oil refinery plant. According to the Zarqa
Zarqa
Chamber of Commerce, 10% of Jordan's total exports in 2011 came from Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate, amounting to more than US $512 million.[5] Leather and garment products constituted about 52% of Zarqa'a exports, followed by chemical, agricultural and pharmaceutical products. Education[edit] There are three universities in Zarqa, the largest of which is Hashemite University. The other two are Al-Balqa` Applied University and Zarqa
Zarqa
University. Other community colleges and research centers are based in Zarqa
Zarqa
such as the Al- Zarqa
Zarqa
Educational & Investment. Also, there are many secondary schools (or high schools) in Zarqa, most notably is the Zarqa
Zarqa
Secondary School for Boys which is considered one of the oldest high schools in Jordan. See also[edit]

Jordan
Jordan
portal

Railways in Jordan Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

References[edit]

^ "The General Census - 2015" (PDF). Department of Population Statistics.  ^ Su, Alice (14 February 2014). "In the Middle East, Arabic is a flashpoint — and a beacon". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 14 February 2014.  ^ "Climate: Zarqa". 17 January 2018.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2009.  ^ Assbeel Newspaper (Arabic content)

External links[edit]

Zarka Chamber of Industry Zarqa
Zarqa
Discussion Forum (in Arabic)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131526582 GND: 4004073-2

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Jordan [1]

Rank Name Governorate Pop.

Amman

Zarqa 1 Amman Amman
Amman
Governorate 1,349,260

Irbid

Russeifa

2 Zarqa Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate 502,900

3 Irbid Irbid
Irbid
Governorate 313,800

4 Russeifa Zarqa
Zarqa
Governorate 289,800

5 Al Quwaysimah Amman
Amman
Governorate 176,400

6 Wadi as-Ser Amman
Amman
Governorate 158,900

7 Tilā' al-'Alī Amman
Amman
Governorate 147,400

8 Ajloun Ajloun
Ajloun
Governorate 125,000

9 Aqaba Aqaba
Aqaba
Governorate 111,600

10 Khuraybat as-Sūq Amman
Amman
Governorate 110,600

v t e

Palestine refugee camps
Palestine refugee camps
locations and populations as of 2015[1]

 Gaza Strip 518,000 UNRWA refugees  West Bank 188,150 UNRWA refugees  Syria 319,958 UNRWA refugees  Lebanon 188,850 UNRWA refugees  Jordan 355,500 UNRWA refugees

Al-Shati (Beach camp) 87,000

Bureij 34,000

Deir al-Balah 21,000

Jabalia 110,000

Khan Yunis 72,000

Maghazi 24,000

Nuseirat 66,000

Rafah 104,000

Canada Camp closed

Aqabat Jaber 6,400

Ein as-Sultan 1,900

Far'a 7,600

Fawwar 8,000

Jalazone 11,000

Kalandia 11,000

Am'ari 10,500

Deir 'Ammar 2,400

Dheisheh 13,000

Aida 4,700

Al-Arroub 10,400

Askar 15,900

Balata 23,600

'Azza
'Azza
(Beit Jibrin) 1,000

Ein Beit al-Ma'
Ein Beit al-Ma'
(Camp No. 1) 6,750

Tulkarm
Tulkarm
camp 18,000

Nur Shams 9,000

Jenin
Jenin
camp 16,000

Shuafat
Shuafat
camp 11,000

Silwad

Sbeineh 22,600

Khan Eshieh (ar) 20,000

Neirab 20,500

Homs 22,000

Jaramana
Jaramana
camp 18,658

Daraa
Daraa
camp 10,000

Hama
Hama
camp 8,000

Khan Dannun 10,000

Qabr Essit (ar) 23,700

Unofficial camps

Ein Al-Tal (ar) 6,000

Latakia Camp 10,000

Yarmouk 148,500

Bourj el-Barajneh 17,945

Ain al-Hilweh 54,116

El Buss 11,254

Nahr al-Bared 5,857

Shatila 9,842

Wavel 8,806

Mar Elias 662

Mieh Mieh 5,250

Beddawi 16,500

Burj el-Shemali 22,789

Dbayeh
Dbayeh
camp 4,351

Rashidieh 31,478

Zarqa
Zarqa
camp 20,000

Jabal el-Hussein 29,000

Amman
Amman
New Camp (Wihdat) 51,500

Souf 20,000

Baqa'a 104,000

Husn (Martyr Azmi el-Mufti camp) 22,000

Irbid
Irbid
camp 25,000

Jerash
Jerash
camp 24,000

Marka 53,000

Talbieh 8,000

References

^ "Camp Profiles". unrwa.org. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. Retrieved

.