THE BLUE CITY OR AZ-ZARQā (Arabic : الزرقاء; English
The Blue City BGN : AZ ZARQāʼ; local pronunciation ez-Zergā,
ez-Zer'a, or ez-Zarka) is the capital of
Zarqa Governorate in
Its name means "the blue city".
* 1 Geography
* 2 History
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Districts of Greater
* 5 Economy and infrastructure
* 5.1 Transportation
* 5.2 Industry
* 6 Education
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Zarqa is located in the
Zarqa River basin in northeast
The city is situated 15 miles (24 km) northeast of
Zarqa train station of the Ottoman-built
Hejaz Railway .
Although inhabited since the 1st century, the city of
established by immigrants from the
Caspian Sea region at the beginning
of the 20th century. The first settlement in the city was established
in 1902 by Chechen immigrants who were displaced from the wars between
the Ottoman and Russian Empires . They settled along the
At that time a station on the
Hejaz Railway was built in the new
settlement. The railway station turned
Zarqa into an important hub. On
10 April 1905, the Ottoman governor issued a decree that allowed the
Chechen immigrants to own lands which they settled on. The population
then quickly grew in size. On 18 November 1928, the new Jordanian
government issued a decree to establish the first municipal council
Transjordan Frontier Force was formed in 1926, military
bases were constructed in the city by the
British Army and the city
later became known as the "military city". The headquarters of
Arab Legion was in Zarqa.
With an estimated metropolitan population of about 700,000 in 2010,
Zarqa has the third largest metropolitan population in
Irbid , whilst the city of
Zarqa has the second largest
Amman with a population of about 500,000.
DISTRICTS OF GREATER ZARQA MUNICIPALITY
The city of
Zarqa is divided into five districts that all together
have an area of about 60 km2 (23 sq mi) and another two districts
within the radius of influence of the city.
First District (City center)
Second District (Althawra Al-Arabiya)
Third District (Ewajan)
Fourth District (Zawahreh)
Fifth District (New Zarqa)
Sports Complex District
Zarqa City Gardens District
ECONOMY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
The Faculty of Engineering in the
Zarqa University .
Zarqa is connected by the
Hejaz Railway to
Amman to the south and to
Syria to the north. A new railway is currently under construction to
Amman with Zarqa.
Zarqa lies on the international highway that connects Saudi Arabia
Syria and on the international Amman-
Zarqa is Jordan's industrial center. It is home to over 50% of
Jordanian factories. The growth of industry in the city is the result
of low real estate costs and proximity to the capital Amman.
Several facilities that are vital to Jordan's economy are based in
Zarqa, such as Jordan's only oil refinery plant. According to the
Zarqa Chamber of Commerce, 10% of Jordan's total exports in 2011 came
Zarqa Governorate , amounting to more than US $512 million.
Leather and garment products constituted about 52% of Zarqa'a exports,
followed by chemical, agricultural and pharmaceutical products.
There are three universities in Zarqa, the largest of which is
Hashemite University . The other two are Al-Balqa` Applied University
Zarqa University . Other community colleges and research centers
are based in
Zarqa such as the Al-
Zarqa Educational border:solid #aaa
* Railways in
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
* ^ Su, Alice (14 February 2014). "In the Middle East, Arabic
is a flashpoint — and a beacon". Wired .
Condé Nast .
Retrieved 14 February 2014.
* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 12,
2009. Retrieved December 9, 2009.
* ^ Assbeel Newspaper (Arabic content)