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THE BLUE CITY OR AZ-ZARQā (Arabic : الزرقاء‎‎; English The Blue City BGN : AZ ZARQāʼ; local pronunciation ez-Zergā, ez-Zer'a, or ez-Zarka) is the capital of Zarqa Governorate in Jordan
Jordan
. Its name means "the blue city".

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 4 Districts of Greater Zarqa
Zarqa
Municipality

* 5 Economy and infrastructure

* 5.1 Transportation * 5.2 Industry

* 6 Education * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Zarqa
Zarqa
is located in the Zarqa River basin in northeast Jordan
Jordan
.

The city is situated 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Amman
Amman
.

HISTORY

The Zarqa
Zarqa
train station of the Ottoman-built Hejaz Railway .

Although inhabited since the 1st century, the city of Zarqa
Zarqa
was established by immigrants from the Caspian Sea region at the beginning of the 20th century. The first settlement in the city was established in 1902 by Chechen immigrants who were displaced from the wars between the Ottoman and Russian Empires . They settled along the Zarqa
Zarqa
River. At that time a station on the Hejaz Railway was built in the new settlement. The railway station turned Zarqa
Zarqa
into an important hub. On 10 April 1905, the Ottoman governor issued a decree that allowed the Chechen immigrants to own lands which they settled on. The population then quickly grew in size. On 18 November 1928, the new Jordanian government issued a decree to establish the first municipal council for Zarqa.

After the Transjordan Frontier Force was formed in 1926, military bases were constructed in the city by the British Army
British Army
and the city later became known as the "military city". The headquarters of Jordan's Arab Legion was in Zarqa.

DEMOGRAPHICS

With an estimated metropolitan population of about 700,000 in 2010, Zarqa
Zarqa
has the third largest metropolitan population in Jordan
Jordan
after Amman
Amman
and Irbid
Irbid
, whilst the city of Zarqa
Zarqa
has the second largest population after Amman
Amman
with a population of about 500,000.

YEAR POPULATION

1903 1,000

1928 6,000

1952 28,456

2004 450,102

DISTRICTS OF GREATER ZARQA MUNICIPALITY

The city of Zarqa
Zarqa
is divided into five districts that all together have an area of about 60 km2 (23 sq mi) and another two districts within the radius of influence of the city.

DISTRICT AREA (KM²)

1 First District (City center) 2.96

2 Second District (Althawra Al-Arabiya) 11.3

3 Third District (Ewajan) 12.2

4 Fourth District (Zawahreh) 16

5 Fifth District (New Zarqa) 17

6 Sports Complex District 3.5

7 Zarqa
Zarqa
City Gardens District 19

ECONOMY AND INFRASTRUCTURE

The Amman- Zarqa
Zarqa
highway

TRANSPORTATION

The Faculty of Engineering in the Zarqa University .

Zarqa
Zarqa
is connected by the Hejaz Railway to Amman
Amman
to the south and to Syria
Syria
to the north. A new railway is currently under construction to connect Amman
Amman
with Zarqa.

Zarqa
Zarqa
lies on the international highway that connects Saudi Arabia with Syria
Syria
and on the international Amman- Baghdad
Baghdad
highway.

INDUSTRY

Zarqa
Zarqa
is Jordan's industrial center. It is home to over 50% of Jordanian factories. The growth of industry in the city is the result of low real estate costs and proximity to the capital Amman.

Several facilities that are vital to Jordan's economy are based in Zarqa, such as Jordan's only oil refinery plant. According to the Zarqa
Zarqa
Chamber of Commerce, 10% of Jordan's total exports in 2011 came from Zarqa Governorate , amounting to more than US $512 million. Leather and garment products constituted about 52% of Zarqa'a exports, followed by chemical, agricultural and pharmaceutical products.

EDUCATION

There are three universities in Zarqa, the largest of which is Hashemite University . The other two are Al-Balqa` Applied University and Zarqa University . Other community colleges and research centers are based in Zarqa
Zarqa
such as the Al- Zarqa
Zarqa
Educational border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Jordan
Jordan
portal

* Railways in Jordan
Jordan
* Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

REFERENCES

* ^ Su, Alice (14 February 2014). "In the Middle East, Arabic is a flashpoint — and a beacon". Wired . Condé Nast . Retrieved 14 February 2014. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2009. * ^ Assbeel Newspaper (Arabic content)

EXTERNAL LINKS