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Zagreb
Zagreb
(/ˈzɑːɡrɛb/ ZAH-greb, Croatian pronunciation: [zǎːɡreb] ( listen))[7] is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.[8] It is located in the northwest of the country, along the Sava
Sava
river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica
Medvednica
mountain. Zagreb
Zagreb
lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level.[9][10] The estimated population of the city in 2018 is 809,773. Zagreb metropolitan area population is slightly above 1.1 million inhabitants and it makes approximately a quarter of a total population of Croatia. Zagreb
Zagreb
is a city with a rich history dating from the Roman times to the present day. The oldest settlement located in the vicinity of the city was the Roman Andautonia, in today's Ščitarjevo.[11][12][13][14] The name "Zagreb" is recorded in 1134, in reference to the foundation of the settlement at Kaptol in 1094. Zagreb
Zagreb
became a free royal town in 1242.[15][16][17][18][19] In 1851 Zagreb
Zagreb
had its first mayor,[20][21][22][23] Janko Kamauf. Zagreb
Zagreb
has a special status in the Croatia's administrative division and is a consolidated city-county (but separated from Zagreb County),[24][25][26][27] and is administratively subdivided into 17 city districts.[28][29][30] Most of them are at a low elevation along the river Sava
Sava
valley, whereas northern and northeastern city districts, such as Podsljeme[31][32][33] and Sesvete[34][35][36] districts are situated in the foothills of the Medvednica mountain,[37] making the city's geographical image rather diverse. The city extends over 30 kilometres (19 miles) east-west and around 20 kilometres (12 miles) north-south.[38][39] The transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific, and research institutions and industrial tradition underlie its leading economic position in Croatia.[40][41][42] Zagreb
Zagreb
is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, and almost all government ministries.[43][44][45] Almost all of the largest Croatian companies, media, and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city. Zagreb
Zagreb
is the most important transport hub in Croatia
Croatia
where Central Europe, the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and Southeast Europe
Southeast Europe
meet, making the Zagreb
Zagreb
area the centre of the road, rail and air networks of Croatia. It is a city known for its diverse economy, high quality of living, museums, sporting, and entertainment events. Its main branches of economy are high-tech industries and the service sector.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Early Zagreb 2.2 16th to 18th centuries 2.3 19th to mid-20th century 2.4 Modern Zagreb 2.5 Area and population development

3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Cityscape 3.3 Surroundings 3.4 Demographics

3.4.1 City districts 3.4.2 Settlements

4 Government and politics

4.1 Elections 4.2 Administration 4.3 International relations

4.3.1 Twin towns — sister cities 4.3.2 Partner cities

5 Culture

5.1 Tourism

5.1.1 Souvenirs and gastronomy

5.2 Museums 5.3 Events 5.4 Performing arts 5.5 Recreation and sports 5.6 Religion

6 Economy
Economy
and infrastructure

6.1 Transport

6.1.1 Highways 6.1.2 Roads

6.1.2.1 Bridges

6.1.3 Public transportation

6.1.3.1 Tram
Tram
network 6.1.3.2 Suburban rail network

6.1.4 Air traffic

7 Education

7.1 University

8 See also 9 References

9.1 Footnotes 9.2 Citations 9.3 Bibliography

10 External links

Name[edit]

Sculpture
Sculpture
representing the Triune Kingdom

Ante Starčević Square

The Golden Bull of 1242, whereby King Béla IV proclaimed Gradec a royal free city

The etymology of the name Zagreb
Zagreb
is unclear. It was used of the united city only from 1852, but it had been in use as the name of the Zagreb Diocese since the 12th century, and was increasingly used of the city in the 17th century.[46] The name is first recorded in a charter by Ostrogon archbishop Felician, dated 1134, mentioned as Zagrabiensem episcopatum.[47] The older form of the name is Zagrab. The modern Croatian form Zagreb
Zagreb
is first recorded in a 1689 map by Nicolas Sanson. An even older form is reflected in Hungarian Zabrag (recorded from c. 1200 and in use until the 18th century). For this, Desy (1990) proposes the etymology of Chabrag, a well-attested hypocorism of the name Cyprian. The same form is reflected in a number of Hungarian toponyms, such as Csepreg.[48] The name might be derived from Proto-Slavic word *grębъ which means hill, uplift. And Old Croatian reconstructed name *Zagrębъ is manifested through the German name of the city Agram.[49] The name Agram was used in German in the Habsburg period; this name has been classified as "probably of Roman origin"[50] but according to Desy (1990) it could be an Austrian German
Austrian German
reanalysis of *Zugram. [48] In Middle Latin
Middle Latin
and Modern Latin, Zagreb
Zagreb
is known as Agranum (the name of an unrelated Arabian city in Strabo), Zagrabia or Mons Graecensis (also Mons Crecensis, in reference to Grič (Gradec)). In Croatian folk etymology, the name of the city has been derived from either the verb za-grab-, meaning "to scoop" or "to dig". One folk legend illustrating this derivation ties the name to a drought of the early 14th century, during which Augustin Kažotić
Augustin Kažotić
(c. 1260–1323) is said to have dug a well which miraculously produced water.[51] In another legend,[52][53][54][55][56] a city governor is thirsty and orders a girl named Manda to "scoop" water from Manduševac well (nowadays a fountain in Ban Jelačić Square), using the imperative: zagrabi, Mando! ("Scoop, Manda!").[57] History[edit] Main articles: History of Zagreb
History of Zagreb
and Timeline of Zagreb

Kaptol 1686.

Construction of the Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
1894.

Ban Jelačić Square
Ban Jelačić Square
1903.

Croatian Nobles Square in 1930s

The oldest settlement located near today's Zagreb
Zagreb
was a Roman town of Andautonia, now Šćitarjevo, which existed between the 1st and the 5th century AD.[58] The first recorded appearance of the name Zagreb is dated to 1094, at which time the city existed as two different city centres: the smaller, eastern Kaptol, inhabited mainly by clergy and housing Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral, and the larger, western Gradec, inhabited mainly by craftsmen and merchants. Gradec and Kaptol were united in 1851 by ban Josip Jelačić, who was credited for this, with the naming the main city square, Ban Jelačić Square
Ban Jelačić Square
in his honour.[59] During the period of former Yugoslavia, Zagreb
Zagreb
remained an important economic centre of the country, and was the second largest city. After Croatia
Croatia
declared independence from Yugoslavia, Zagreb
Zagreb
was proclaimed its capital.[60] Early Zagreb[edit] The history of Zagreb
Zagreb
dates as far back as 1094 A.D. when the Hungarian King Ladislaus, returning from his campaign against Croatia, founded a diocese. Alongside the bishop's see, the canonical settlement Kaptol developed north of Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral, as did the fortified settlement Gradec on the neighbouring hill; the border between the two being the Medveščak stream. Today the latter is Zagreb's Upper Town (Gornji Grad) and is one of the best preserved urban nuclei in Croatia. Both settlements came under Tatar attack in 1242. As a sign of gratitude for offering him a safe haven from the Tatars
Tatars
the Croatian and Hungarian King Bela IV bestowed Gradec with a Golden Bull, which offered its citizens exemption from county rule and autonomy, as well as its own judicial system. 16th to 18th centuries[edit] There were numerous connections between the Kaptol diocese and the free sovereign town of Gradec for both economic and political reasons, but they weren't known as an integrated city, even as Zagreb
Zagreb
became the political centre and, representing both Croatia, Slavonia
Slavonia
and Dalmatia, first convened at Gradec. Zagreb
Zagreb
was chosen as the seat of the Ban of Croatia
Croatia
in 1621 under ban Nikola Frankopan. At the invitation of the Croatian Parliament, the Jesuits came to Zagreb
Zagreb
and built the first grammar school, the St. Catherine's Church and monastery. In 1669, they founded an academy where philosophy, theology and law were taught, the forerunner of today's University of Zagreb. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Zagreb
Zagreb
was badly devastated by fire and the plague. In 1776, the royal council (government) moved from Varaždin
Varaždin
to Zagreb
Zagreb
and during the reign of Joseph II Zagreb became the headquarters of the Varaždin
Varaždin
and Karlovac
Karlovac
general command.[61] 19th to mid-20th century[edit] In the 19th century, Zagreb
Zagreb
was the centre of the Croatian National Revival and saw the erection of important cultural and historic institutions. In 1850, the town was united under its first mayor – Janko Kamauf.[61] The first railway line to connect Zagreb
Zagreb
with Zidani Most
Zidani Most
and Sisak was opened in 1862 and in 1863 Zagreb
Zagreb
received a gasworks. The Zagreb waterworks was opened in 1878. After the 1880 Zagreb
Zagreb
earthquake, up to the 1914 outbreak of World War I, development flourished and the town received the characteristic layout which it has today. The first horse-drawn tram was used in 1891. The construction of the railway lines enabled the old suburbs to merge gradually into Donji Grad, characterised by a regular block pattern that prevails in Central European cities. This bustling core hosts many imposing buildings, monuments, and parks as well as a multitude of museums, theatres and cinemas. An electric power plant was built in 1907.

Panoramic view of Upper Town - Gradec

Kaptol square and Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral

Since 1 January 1877, the Grič cannon
Grič cannon
is fired daily from the Lotrščak Tower
Lotrščak Tower
on Grič to mark midday. The first half of the 20th century saw a considerable expansion of Zagreb. Before World War I, the city expanded and neighbourhoods like Stara Peščenica in the east and Črnomerec
Črnomerec
in the west were created. After the war, working-class districts such as Trnje emerged between the railway and the Sava, whereas the construction of residential districts on the hills of the southern slopes of Medvednica
Medvednica
was completed between the two World Wars. In the 1920s, the population of Zagreb
Zagreb
increased by 70 percent — the largest demographic boom in the history of the town. In 1926, the first radio station in the region began broadcasting out of Zagreb, and in 1947 the Zagreb Fair
Zagreb Fair
was opened.[61] During World War II, Zagreb
Zagreb
became the capital of the Independent State of Croatia, which was backed by the Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Italians. The history of Zagreb
Zagreb
in World War II
World War II
became rife with incidents of regime terror and resistance sabotages, and the Ustaša
Ustaša
regime had thousands of people executed during the war in and near the city. The city was liberated by the Partisans at the end of the war. Modern Zagreb[edit] The area between the railway and the Sava
Sava
river witnessed a new construction boom after World War II. After the mid-1950s, construction of new residential areas south of the Sava
Sava
river began, resulting in Novi Zagreb
Novi Zagreb
(Croatian for New Zagreb), originally called "Južni Zagreb" (Southern Zagreb).[62] Today Novi Zagreb
Novi Zagreb
is divided in two city districts: Novi Zagreb-zapad
Novi Zagreb-zapad
(West Novi Zagreb) and Novi Zagreb-istok (East Novi Zagreb)

Zagreb
Zagreb
panoramic view

Ban Jelačić Square
Ban Jelačić Square
night view

The city also expanded westward and eastward, incorporating Dubrava, Podsused, Jarun, Blato and other settlements. The cargo railway hub and the international airport Pleso
Pleso
were built south of the Sava river. The largest industrial zone (Žitnjak) in the south-eastern part of the city represents an extension of the industrial zones on the eastern outskirts of the city, between the Sava
Sava
and the Prigorje region. Zagreb
Zagreb
also hosted the Summer Universiade
Universiade
in 1987.[61] During the 1991–1995 Croatian War of Independence, it was a scene of some sporadic fighting surrounding its JNA army barracks, but escaped major damage. In May 1995, it was targeted by Serb rocket artillery in two Zagreb rocket attacks
Zagreb rocket attacks
which killed seven civilians. An urbanised area connects Zagreb
Zagreb
with the surrounding towns of Zaprešić, Samobor, Dugo Selo
Dugo Selo
and Velika Gorica. Sesvete
Sesvete
was the first and the closest area to become a part of the agglomeration and is already included in the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
for administrative purposes and now forms the easternmost city district.[63] Area and population development[edit]

Year Area (km2) Population (within city limits at that time) Population (within today's city limits)

1368

2,810[nb 1]

1742

5,600[nb 1]

1805

7,706[nb 2]

1850

16,036

1857

16,657 48,266

1869

19,857 54,761

1880

30,830 67,188

1890 3.33 40,268 82,848

1900 64.37 61,002 111,565

1910 64.37 79,038 136,351

1921 64.37 108,674 167,765

1931 64.37 185,581 258,024

1948 74.99 279,623 356,529

1953 235.74 350,829 393,919

1961 495.60 430,802 478,076

1971 497.95 602,205 629,896

1981 1,261.54 768,700 723,065

1991 1,715.55 933,914 777,826

2001 641.36 779,145 779,145

2011 641.36 792,875 792,875

The data in column 3 refers to the population in the city borders as of the census in question. Column 4 is calculated for the territory now defined as the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
(Narodne Novine 97/10).[64]

Geography[edit] Climate[edit]

King Tomislav Square

Square of the Victims of Fascism.

The climate of Zagreb
Zagreb
is classified as an oceanic climate (Cfb in Köppen climate classification system), near the boundary of the humid continental climate. Zagreb
Zagreb
has four separate seasons. Summers are warm, at the end of May the temperatures start rising and it is often pleasant with occasional thunderstorms. Heatwaves can occur but are short-lived. Temperatures rise above 30 °C (86 °F) on an average 14.6 days each summer. Rainfall is abundant in the summertime and it continues to be in autumn as well. Zagreb
Zagreb
is Europe's 9th wettest capital, behind Luxembourg
Luxembourg
and ahead of Brussels, Belgium. Autumn
Autumn
in its early stages is mild with an increase of rainy days and precipitation as well as a steady temperature fall towards its end. Morning fog is common from mid-October to January with northern city districts at the foothills of the Medvednica
Medvednica
mountain as well as those along the Sava
Sava
river being more prone to all-day fog accumulation. Winters are cold with a precipitation decrease pattern. Even though there is no discernible dry season, February is the driest month with 39 mm of precipitation. On average there are 29 days with snowfall with first snow falling in early November. Springs are generally mild and pleasant with frequent weather changes and are windier than other seasons. Sometimes cold spells can occur, mostly in its early stages. The average daily mean temperature in the winter is around 1 °C (34 °F) (from December to February) and the average temperature in the summer is 22.0 °C (71.6 °F).[65] [66] Highest recorded temperature ever was 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) in July 1950, and lowest was −27.3 °C (−17.1 °F) in February 1956.[67]

Climate data for Zagreb
Zagreb
(1971–2000, extremes 1949–2014)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 19.4 (66.9) 22.2 (72) 26.0 (78.8) 30.5 (86.9) 33.7 (92.7) 37.6 (99.7) 40.4 (104.7) 39.8 (103.6) 34.0 (93.2) 28.3 (82.9) 25.4 (77.7) 22.5 (72.5) 40.4 (104.7)

Average high °C (°F) 3.7 (38.7) 6.8 (44.2) 11.9 (53.4) 16.3 (61.3) 21.5 (70.7) 24.5 (76.1) 26.7 (80.1) 26.3 (79.3) 22.1 (71.8) 15.8 (60.4) 8.9 (48) 4.6 (40.3) 15.8 (60.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.3 (32.5) 2.3 (36.1) 6.4 (43.5) 10.7 (51.3) 15.8 (60.4) 18.8 (65.8) 20.6 (69.1) 20.1 (68.2) 15.9 (60.6) 10.5 (50.9) 5.0 (41) 1.4 (34.5) 10.7 (51.3)

Average low °C (°F) −3.0 (26.6) −1.8 (28.8) 1.6 (34.9) 5.2 (41.4) 9.8 (49.6) 13.0 (55.4) 14.7 (58.5) 14.4 (57.9) 10.8 (51.4) 6.2 (43.2) 1.4 (34.5) −1.7 (28.9) 5.9 (42.6)

Record low °C (°F) −24.3 (−11.7) −27.3 (−17.1) −18.3 (−0.9) −4.4 (24.1) −1.8 (28.8) 2.5 (36.5) 5.4 (41.7) 3.7 (38.7) −0.6 (30.9) −5.6 (21.9) −13.5 (7.7) −19.8 (−3.6) −27.5 (−17.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.2 (1.701) 38.9 (1.531) 52.6 (2.071) 59.3 (2.335) 72.6 (2.858) 95.3 (3.752) 77.4 (3.047) 92.3 (3.634) 85.8 (3.378) 82.9 (3.264) 80.1 (3.154) 59.6 (2.346) 840.1 (33.075)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.8 9.4 11.0 13.0 13.5 13.7 11.2 10.4 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.0 135.6

Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 10.3 7.1 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 6.7 29.0

Average relative humidity (%) 82.5 76.4 70.3 67.5 68.3 69.7 69.1 72.1 77.7 81.3 83.6 84.8 75.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.8 98.9 142.6 168.0 229.4 234.0 275.9 257.3 189.0 124.0 63.0 49.6 1,887.5

Percent possible sunshine 23 39 43 45 54 55 63 63 54 41 26 23 47

Source: Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service[65][67]

Climate data for Zagreb

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Mean daily daylight hours 9.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 15.0 14.0 13.0 11.0 9.0 9.0 12.3

Average Ultraviolet index 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 1 1 4.3

Source: Weather Atlas[68]

Cityscape[edit]

Office buildings

St. Mark's Square: Banski dvori
Banski dvori
( Croatian Government
Croatian Government
residence), St. Mark's Church, Croatian Parliament

Sava
Sava
flowing through Zagreb.

The most important historical high-rise constructions are Neboder
Neboder
on Ban Jelačić Square, Cibona Tower
Cibona Tower
(1987) and Zagrepčanka
Zagrepčanka
(1976) on Savska Street, Mamutica
Mamutica
in Travno
Travno
( Novi Zagreb
Novi Zagreb
– istok district, built in 1974) and Zagreb TV Tower
Zagreb TV Tower
on Sljeme (built in 1973).[69] In the 2000s, the City Assembly approved a new plan that allowed for the many recent high-rise buildings in Zagreb, such as the Almeria Tower, Eurotower, HOTO Tower, Zagrebtower
Zagrebtower
and one of the tallest skyscrapers Sky Office Tower.[70][71] In Novi Zagreb, the neighbourhoods of Blato and Lanište expanded significantly, including the Zagreb
Zagreb
Arena and the adjoining business centre.[72] Due to a long-standing restriction that forbade the construction of 10-story or higher buildings, most of Zagreb's high-rise buildings date from the 1970s and 1980s and new apartment buildings on the outskirts of the city are usually 4–8 floors tall. Exceptions to the restriction have been made in recent years, such as permitting the construction of high-rise buildings in Lanište or Kajzerica.[73]

Zagreb
Zagreb
sights

Banski dvori

Kamenita vrata

Saint George Slaying the Dragon

Serbian Orthodox Cathedral

Academy of Music

Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall

Sljeme cable car

Croatian Radiotelevision
Croatian Radiotelevision
building

National and University Library in Zagreb

INA headquarters

Surroundings[edit] Further information: Zagreb
Zagreb
County, Prigorje, Hrvatsko Zagorje, and Turopolje

Sljeme, a peak of the Medvednica
Medvednica
mountain

Shrine of the Homeland

Medvedgrad
Medvedgrad
fortress

The wider Zagreb
Zagreb
area has been continuously inhabited since the prehistoric period, as witnessed by archaeological findings in the Veternica cave from the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
and excavation of the remains of the Roman Andautonia
Andautonia
near the present village of Šćitarjevo. Picturesque former villages on the slopes of Medvednica, Šestine, Gračani and Remete, maintain their rich traditions, including folk costumes, Šestine umbrellas, and gingerbread products. To the north is the Medvednica
Medvednica
Mountain (Croatian: Zagrebačka gora), with its highest peak Sljeme (1,035 m), where one of the tallest structures in Croatia, Zagreb TV Tower
Zagreb TV Tower
is located. The Sava
Sava
and the Kupa valleys are to the south of Zagreb, and the region of Hrvatsko Zagorje is located on the other (northern) side of the Medvednica hill. In mid-January 2005, Sljeme held its first World Ski Championship tournament. From the summit, weather permitting, the vista reaches as far as Velebit
Velebit
Range along Croatia's rocky northern coast, as well as the snow-capped peaks of the towering Julian Alps
Julian Alps
in neighbouring Slovenia. There are several lodging villages, offering accommodation and restaurants for hikers. Skiers visit Sljeme, which has four ski-runs, three ski-lifts and a chairlift. The old Medvedgrad, a recently restored medieval burg was built in the 13th century on Medvednica
Medvednica
hill. It overlooks the western part of the city and also hosts the Shrine of the Homeland, a memorial with an eternal flame, where Croatia
Croatia
pays reverence to all its heroes fallen for homeland in its history, customarily on national holidays. The ruined medieval fortress Susedgrad is located on far-western side of Medvednica
Medvednica
hill. It has been abandoned since the early 17th century, but it is visited during the year. Zagreb
Zagreb
occasionally experiences earthquakes, due to the proximity of Žumberak- Medvednica
Medvednica
fault zone.[74] It's classified as an area of high seismic activity.[75] The area around Medvednica
Medvednica
was the epicentre of the 1880 Zagreb earthquake
1880 Zagreb earthquake
(magnitude 6.3), and the area is known for occasional landslide threatening houses in the area.[76] The proximity of strong seismic sources presents a real danger of strong earthquakes.[76] Croatian Chief of Office of Emergency Management Pavle Kalinić stated Zagreb
Zagreb
experiences around 400 earthquakes a year, most of them being imperceptible. However, in case of a strong earthquake, it's expected that 3,000 people would die and up to 15,000 would be wounded.[77] Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of Zagreb

Zagreb
Zagreb
by SPOT Satellite

Oktogon, urban passageway in city center

Tkalčićeva Street

Mamutica
Mamutica
in East Novi Zagreb
Novi Zagreb
city district ( Travno
Travno
local committee area), an apartment complex built in 1974 as the Croatian version of the plattenbau, largest building (by volume) in Zagreb
Zagreb
and in Croatia

Zagreb
Zagreb
is by far the largest city in Croatia
Croatia
in terms of area and population. The official 2011 census counted 792,325 residents,[78][79] although due to a substantial immigrant influx the number of people residing in the city is much higher. Zagreb
Zagreb
metropolitan area population is slightly above 1.1 million inhabitants,[80] as it includes the Zagreb
Zagreb
County.[81] Zagreb metropolitan area makes approximately a quarter of a total population of Croatia. In 1997, the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
itself was given special County status, separating it from Zagreb
Zagreb
County,[82] although it remains the administrative centre of both. The majority of its citizens are Croats
Croats
making up 93% of the city's population (2011 census). The same census records around 55,000 residents belonging to ethnic minorities: 17,526 Serbs
Serbs
(2.22%), 8,119 Bosniaks
Bosniaks
(1.03%), 4,292 Albanians
Albanians
(0.54%), 2,755 Romani (0.35%), 2,132 Slovenes
Slovenes
(0.27%), 1,194 Macedonians (0.15%), 1,191 Montenegrins (0.15%), and a number of other smaller communities.[83] City districts[edit] Main article: Districts of Zagreb Since 14 December 1999 City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
is divided in 17 city districts:[5][84]

# District Area (km²) Population (2011) Population (2001) Population density (2001)

1. Donji Grad 3.01 37,123 45,108 14,956.2

2. Gornji Grad – Medveščak 10.12 31,279 36,384 3,593.5

3. Trnje 7.37 42,126 45,267 6,146.2

4. Maksimir 14.35 49,448 49,750 3,467.1

5. Peščenica – Žitnjak 35.30 56,446 58,283 1,651.3

6. Novi Zagreb
Novi Zagreb
– istok 16.54 59,227 65,301 3,947.1

7. Novi Zagreb
Novi Zagreb
– zapad 62.59 58,025 48,981 782.5

8. Trešnjevka
Trešnjevka
– sjever 5.83 55,342 55,358 9,498.6

9. Trešnjevka
Trešnjevka
– jug 9.84 66,595 67,162 6,828.1

10. CČrnomerec 24.33 39,040 38,762 1,593.4

11. Gornja Dubrava 40.28 62,221 61,388 1,524.1

12. Donja Dubrava 10.82 36,461 35,944 3,321.1

13. Stenjevec 12.18 51,849 41,257 3,387.3

14. Podsused – Vrapče 36.05 45,771 42,360 1,175.1

15. Podsljeme 60.11 19,249 17,744 295.2

16. Sesvete 165.26 70,633 59,212 358.3

17. Brezovica 127.45 12,040 10,884 85.4

TOTAL 641.43 792,875 779,145 1,214.9

City districts are subdivided in 218 local committees as primary units of local self-government.[85]

Model of the city by Damir Mataušić

Settlements[edit]

Petar Preradović Square

The city itself is not the only standalone settlement in the City of Zagreb
Zagreb
administrative area – there are a number of larger urban settlements like Sesvete
Sesvete
and Lučko
Lučko
and a number of smaller villages attached to it whose population is tracked separately.[4] There are 70 settlements in the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
administrative area:

Adamovec, population 975 Belovar, population 378 Blaguša, population 594 Botinec, population 9 Brebernica, population 49 Brezovica, population 594 Budenec, population 323 Buzin, population 1,055 Cerje, population 398 Demerje, population 721 Desprim, population 377 Dobrodol, population 1,203 Donji Čehi, population 232 Donji Dragonožec, population 577 Donji Trpuci, population 428 Drenčec, population 131 Drežnik Brezovički, population 656 Dumovec, population 903 Đurđekovec, population 778 Gajec, population 311 Glavnica Donja, population 544 Glavnica Gornja, population 226 Glavničica, population 229 Goli Breg, population 406 Goranec, population 449 Gornji Čehi, population 363 Gornji Dragonožec, population 295 Gornji Trpuci, population 87 Grančari, population 221 Havidić Selo, population 53 Horvati, population 1,490 Hrašće Turopoljsko, population 1,202 Hrvatski Leskovac, population 2,687 Hudi Bitek, population 441 Ivanja Reka, population 1,800 Jesenovec, population 460 Ježdovec, population 1,728 Kašina, population 1,548 Kašinska Sopnica, population 245 Kučilovina, population 219 Kućanec, population 228 Kupinečki Kraljevec, population 1,957 Lipnica, population 207 Lučko, population 3,010 Lužan, population 719 Mala Mlaka, population 636 Markovo Polje, population 425 Moravče, population 663 Odra, population 1,866 Odranski Obrež, population 1,578 Paruževina, population 632 Planina Donja, population 554 Planina Gornja, population 247 Popovec, population 937 Prekvršje, population 809 Prepuštovec, population 332 Sesvete, population 54,085 Soblinec, population 978 Starjak, population 227 Strmec, population 645 Šašinovec, population 678 Šimunčevec, population 271 Veliko Polje, population 1,668 Vuger Selo, population 273 Vugrovec Donji, population 442 Vugrovec Gornji, population 357 Vurnovec, population 201 Zadvorsko, population 1,288 Zagreb, population 688,163 Žerjavinec, population 556

Government and politics[edit] See also: List of mayors of Zagreb
List of mayors of Zagreb
and Zagreb
Zagreb
Assembly The current mayor of Zagreb
Zagreb
is Milan Bandić
Milan Bandić
(BM 365 –Labour and Solidarity Party). He was confirmed as mayor on 4 June 2017 (Zagreb local elections 2017, second round). Two deputy mayors (vice mayoresses) are Jelena Pavičić-Vukičević and Olivera Jurković-Majić. The Zagreb Assembly
Zagreb Assembly
is composed of 51 representatives. Last elections were held on 21 May 2017 ( Zagreb
Zagreb
local elections). The current structure of the city assembly by party lines is as follows (2 December 2017):[86]

    Political party No. of members per party Graph

2017

BM 365 7

   

HDZ 7

   

SDP 6

     

EH-NHR 5

       

HSLS 3

           

GLAS 2

             

Ind. Sandra Švaljek 2

             

HSU 1

               

HNS 1

               

HSS 1

               

NH-PS 1

               

NS-R 1

               

NL 1

               

RF 1

               

ZG 1

               

ZN 1

               

ZL 1

               

Independent 9

Note: Out of 9 formally independent councilors, 6 were elected from the list led by BM 365 and 3 from the list led by the independent Sandra Švaljek. All 9 of them sit in the councilors' club of the party/independent list from which they were elected. In addition, 1 SDP councilor left the party and joined BM 365 in August 2017.

Source: [87]

Elections[edit]

Zagreb
Zagreb
local elections, 2017 Zagreb
Zagreb
local elections, 2013 Zagreb
Zagreb
local elections, 2009 Zagreb
Zagreb
local elections, 2005

Administration[edit]

Zagreb
Zagreb
Old City Hall

According to the Constitution, the city of Zagreb, as the capital of Croatia, has a special status. As such, Zagreb
Zagreb
performs self-governing public affairs of both city and county. It is also the seat of the Zagreb County
Zagreb County
which encircles Zagreb. The city administration bodies are the Zagreb
Zagreb
City Assembly (Gradska skupština Grada Zagreba) as the representative body and the mayor of Zagreb
Zagreb
(Gradonačelnik Grada Zagreba) who is the executive head of the city. The City Assembly is the representative body of the citizens of the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
elected for a four-year term on the basis of universal suffrage in direct elections by secret ballot using proportional system with d'Hondt method in a manner specified by law. There are 51 representatives in the City Assembly, among them president and vicepresidents of the assembly are elected by the representatives.

Zagreb
Zagreb
City Administration

Prior to 2009, the mayor was elected by the City Assembly. It was changed to direct elections by majoritarian vote (two-round system) in 2009. The mayor is the head of the city administration and has two deputies (directly elected together with him/her). The term of office of the mayor (and his/her deputies) is four years. The mayor (with the deputies) may be recalled by a referendum according to law (not less than 20% of all electors in the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
or not less than two-thirds of the Zagreb Assembly
Zagreb Assembly
city deputies have the right to initiate a city referendum regarding recalling of the mayor; when a majority of voters taking part in the referendum vote in favour of the recall, provided that majority includes not less than one third of all persons entitled to vote in the City of Zagreb, i.e. ⅓ of persons in the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
electoral register, the mayor's mandate shall be deemed revoked and special mayoral by-elections shall be held). In the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
the mayor is also responsible for the state administration (due to the special status of Zagreb
Zagreb
as a "city with county rights", there isn't State Administration Office which in all counties performs tasks of the central government). City administration offices, institutions and services (18 city offices, 1 public institute or bureau and 2 city services) have been founded for performing activities within the self-administrative sphere and activities entrusted by the state administration. The city administrative bodies are managed by the principals (appointed by the mayor for a four-year term of office, may be appointed again to the same duty). The City Assembly Professional Service is managed by the secretary of the City Assembly (appointed by the Assembly). Local government is organised in 17 city districts (or city borroughs) represented by City District Councils. Residents of districts elect members of councils.[88] International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Zagreb
Zagreb
is twinned with the following towns and cities:[89][90][91]

Bologna, Italy
Italy
(since 1963) Mainz, Germany
Germany
(since 1967) Saint Petersburg, Russia
Russia
(since 1968)[92] Ahmedabad, India
India
(since 1969) Tromsø, Norway
Norway
(since 1971) Buenos Aires, Argentina
Argentina
(since 1972) Kyoto, Japan
Japan
(since 1972)[93] Lisbon, Portugal
Portugal
(since 1977)[94][95] Pittsburgh, USA (since 1980) Shanghai, China
China
(since 1980) Budapest, Hungary
Hungary
(since 1994)[96] La Paz, Bolivia
Bolivia
(since 2000) Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(since 2001)[97] Ljubljana, Slovenia
Slovenia
(since 2001)[98] Podgorica, Montenegro
Montenegro
(since 2006) Tabriz, Iran
Iran
(since 2006)[99] Ankara, Turkey
Turkey
(since 2008)[100] London, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(since 2009) Prizren, Kosovo[a] (since 2010) Skopje, Macedonia (since 2011) Warsaw, Poland
Poland
(since 2011)[101] Astana, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(since 2014)[102] Rome, Italy
Italy
(since 2014)[91] Vienna, Austria
Austria
(since 2014)[91] Petrinja, Croatia
Croatia
(since 2015)[103] Vukovar, Croatia
Croatia
(since 2016)[104]

Partner cities[edit] The city has partnership arrangements with:

Kraków
Kraków
in Poland
Poland
(since 1975)[105] Tirana, Albania.[106][107]

Culture[edit] Tourism[edit] Zagreb
Zagreb
is an important tourist centre, not only in terms of passengers travelling from the rest of Europe to the Adriatic Sea, but also as a travel destination itself. Since the end of the war, it has attracted close to a million visitors annually, mainly from Austria, Germany
Germany
and Italy. However, the city has even greater potential as many tourists that visit Croatia
Croatia
skip Zagreb
Zagreb
in order to visit the beaches along the Croatian Adriatic coast and old historic Renaissance
Renaissance
cities such as Dubrovnik, Split, and Zadar. There are many interesting things for tourists in Zagreb, for example, the two statues of Saint George, one at the Republic of Croatia
Croatia
Square, the other at Kamenita vrata, where the image of Virgin Mary is said to be only thing that hasn't burned in the 17th-century fire. Also, there is an art installation starting in Bogovićeva street, called Nine Views. Most people don't know what the statue "Prizemljeno Sunce" (The Grounded Sun) is for, and just scrawl graffiti or signatures on it, but it's actually the Sun scaled down, with many planets situated all over Zagreb
Zagreb
in scale with the Sun.

Points of interest

Zagreb
Zagreb
Funicular

Zrinjevac

Gradec

Mirogoj Cemetery

Esplanade Zagreb
Zagreb
Hotel

Maksimir
Maksimir
Park

Eurasian lynx
Eurasian lynx
at the Zagreb
Zagreb
Zoo

Štrukli

The historical part of the city to the north of Ban Jelačić Square is composed of the Gornji Grad and Kaptol, a medieval urban complex of churches, palaces, museums, galleries and government buildings that are popular with tourists on sightseeing tours. The historic district can be reached on foot, starting from Jelačić Square, the centre of Zagreb, or by a funicular on nearby Tomićeva Street. Each Saturday, (from April till the end of September), on St. Mark's Square in the Upper town, tourists can meet members of the Order of The Silver Dragon (Red Srebrnog Zmaja), who reenact famous historical conflicts between Gradec and Kaptol. It's a great opportunity for all visitors to take photographs of authentic and fully functional historical replicas of medieval armour. In 2010 more than 600,000[108] tourists visited the city, with a 10%[109] increase seen in 2011. In 2012 a total of 675 707 tourists[110] visited the city. The record number of tourists visited Zagreb
Zagreb
in 2015. – 1.02 million, up 12% compared to the year before. Souvenirs and gastronomy[edit]

Licitar
Licitar
hearts, a popular souvenir

Numerous shops, boutiques, store houses and shopping centres offer a variety of quality clothing. There are about fourteen big shopping centres in Zagreb. Zagreb's offerings include crystal, china and ceramics, wicker or straw baskets, and top-quality Croatian wines and gastronomic products. Notable Zagreb
Zagreb
souvenirs are the tie or cravat, an accessory named after Croats
Croats
who wore characteristic scarves around their necks in the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
in the 17th century and the ball-point pen, a tool developed from the inventions by Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb. Many Zagreb
Zagreb
restaurants offer various specialties of national and international cuisine. Domestic products which deserve to be tasted include turkey, duck or goose with mlinci (a kind of pasta), štrukli (cottage cheese strudel), sir i vrhnje (cottage cheese with cream), kremšnite (custard slices in flaky pastry), and orehnjača (traditional walnut roll). Museums[edit]

Croatian State Archives

Mimara Museum

Museum
Museum
of Arts and Crafts

Meštrović Pavilion

Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Art

Zagreb's numerous museums reflect the history, art and culture not only of Zagreb
Zagreb
and Croatia, but also of Europe and the world. Around thirty collections in museums and galleries comprise more than 3.6 million various exhibits, excluding church and private collections. The Archaeological Museum
Museum
(19 Nikola Šubić Zrinski
Nikola Šubić Zrinski
Square) collections, today consisting of nearly 450,000 varied archaeological artefacts and monuments, have been gathered over the years from many different sources. These holdings include evidence of Croatian presence in the area.[111] The most famous are the Egyptian collection, the Zagreb
Zagreb
mummy and bandages with the oldest Etruscan inscription in the world ( Liber Linteus
Liber Linteus
Zagrabiensis), as well as the numismatic collection. Modern Gallery (Croatian: Moderna galerija) holds the most important and comprehensive collection of paintings, sculptures and drawings by 19th- and 20th-century Croatian artists. The collection numbers more than 10,000 works of art, housed since 1934 in the historic Vranyczany Palace in the centre of Zageb, overlooking the Zrinjevac Park. A secondary gallery is the Josip Račić Studio at Margaretska 3.[112] Croatian Natural History Museum
Museum
(1 Demetrova Street) holds one of the world's most important collection of Neanderthal
Neanderthal
remains found at one site.[113] These are the remains, stone weapons and tools of prehistoric Krapina
Krapina
man. The holdings of the Croatian Natural History Museum
Museum
comprise more than 250,000 specimens distributed among various collections. Technical Museum
Museum
(18 Savska Street) was founded in 1954 and it maintains the oldest preserved machine in the area, dating from 1830, which is still operational. The museum exhibits numerous historic aircraft, cars, machinery and equipment. There are some distinct sections in the museum: the Planetarium, the Apisarium, the Mine (model of mines for coal, iron and non-ferrous metals, about 300 m (980 ft) long), and the Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla
study.[114][115] Museum
Museum
of the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
(20 Opatička Street) was established in 1907 by the Association of the Braća Hrvatskog Zmaja. It is located in a restored monumental complex (Popov toranj, the Observatory, Zakmardi Granary) of the former Convent of the Poor Clares, of 1650.[116] The Museum
Museum
deals with topics from the cultural, artistic, economic and political history of the city spanning from Roman finds to the modern period. The holdings comprise over 80,000 items arranged systematically into collections of artistic and mundane objects characteristic of the city and its history. Arts and Crafts Museum
Museum
(10 Republic of Croatia
Croatia
Square) was founded in 1880 with the intention of preserving the works of art and craft against the new predominance of industrial products. With its 160,000 exhibits, the Arts and Crafts Museum
Museum
is a national-level museum for artistic production and the history of material culture in Croatia.[117] Ethnographic Museum
Museum
(14 Ivan Mažuranić
Ivan Mažuranić
Square) was founded in 1919. It lies in the fine Secession building of the one-time Trades Hall of 1903. The ample holdings of about 80,000 items cover the ethnographic heritage of Croatia, classified in the three cultural zones: the Pannonian, Dinaric and Adriatic.[118] Mimara Museum
Mimara Museum
(5 Roosevelt Square) was founded with a donation from Ante "Mimara" Topić and opened to the public in 1987. It is located in a late 19th-century neo- Renaissance
Renaissance
palace.[119] The holdings comprise 3,750 works of art of various techniques and materials, and different cultures and civilisations. Croatian Museum
Museum
of Naïve Art (works by Croatian primitivists at 3 Ćirilometodska Street) is one of the first museums of naïve art in the world. The museum holds works of Croatian naïve expression of the 20th century. It is located in the 18th-century Raffay Palace in the Gornji Grad. The museum holdings consist of almost 2000 works of art – paintings, sculptures, drawings and prints, mainly by Croatians but also by other well-known world artists.[120] From time to time, the museum organises topics and retrospective exhibitions by naïve artists, expert meetings and educational workshops and playrooms. The Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Art was founded in 1954. Its new building hosts a rich collection of Croatian and international contemporary visual art which has been collected throughout the decades from the nineteen-fifties till today. The museum is located in the centre of Novi Zagreb, opened in 2009. The old location, 2 St. Catherine's Square, is part of the Kulmer Palace in the Gornji Grad.[121] Other museums and galleries Valuable historical collections are also found in the Croatian School
School
Museum, the Croatian Hunting
Hunting
Museum, the Croatian Sports Museum, the Croatian Post and Telecommunications Museum, the HAZU (Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts) Glyptotheque (collection of monuments), and the HAZU Graphics Cabinet. The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters
The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters
(11 Zrinski Square) offers permanent holdings presenting European paintings from the 14th to 19th centuries,[122] and the Ivan Meštrović
Ivan Meštrović
Studio, (8 Mletačka Street) with sculptures, drawings, lithography portfolios and other items, was a donation of this great artist to his homeland The Museum
Museum
and Gallery Center (4 Jesuit Square) introduces on various occasions the Croatian and foreign cultural and artistic heritage. The Art Pavilion
Art Pavilion
(22 King Tomislav Square) by Viennese architects Hellmer and Fellmer who were the most famous designers of theatres in Central Europe
Central Europe
is a neo-classical exhibition complex and one of the landmarks of the downtown. The exhibitions are also held in the impressive Meštrović building on Žrtava Fašizma Square — the Home of Croatian Fine Artists. The World Center "Wonder of Croatian Naïve Art" (12 Ban Jelačić Square) exhibits masterpieces of Croatian naïve art as well as the works of a new generation of artists. The Modern Gallery (1 Hebrangova Street) comprises all relevant fine artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. The Museum
Museum
of Broken Relationships at 2 Ćirilometodska holds people's mementos of past relationships.[123][124][125] It is the first private museum in the country.[126] Lauba House (23a Baruna Filipovića) presents works from Filip Trade Collection, a large private collection of modern and contemporary Croatian art and current artistic production.[127][128] Events[edit]

Zagreb
Zagreb
won the ‘Best European Christmas Market’ title twice.[129]

Croatian National Theatre

Golden Pram award of the Zagreb
Zagreb
Film Festival

Zagreb
Zagreb
has been, and is, hosting some of the most popular mainstream artists, in the past few years their concerts held the Rolling Stones, U2, Eric Clapton, Deep Purple, Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Roger Waters, Depeche Mode, Prodigy, Beyoncé, Nick Cave, Jamiroquai, Manu Chao, Massive Attack, Metallica, Snoop Dogg, Lady Gaga, Duran Duran
Duran Duran
as well as some of world most recognised underground artists such as Dimmu Borgir, Sepultura, Melvins, Mastodon and many more. Zagreb
Zagreb
is also a home of the INmusic festival, one of the biggest open air festivals in Croatia
Croatia
which is being held every year, usually at the end of June. There are also many jazz festivals like Zagreb
Zagreb
Jazz Festival which was the host for some of the most popular artists from world jazz scene like Pat Metheny
Pat Metheny
or Sonny Rollins
Sonny Rollins
just to name a few. Zagreb
Zagreb
is also home of many others club festivals like Žedno uho where many of indie, rock, metal and electronica artists like Animal Collective, Melvins, Butthole Surfers, Crippled Black Phoenix, NoMeansNo, The National (band), Mark Lanegan, Swans (band), Mudhoney
Mudhoney
etc. made there performances around the clubs and concert halls of Zagreb. This is mostly recognised because of the city's location, and its good traffic relations with other neighbouring European capital cities such as Vienna
Vienna
and Budapest. This is the effort of Zagreb
Zagreb
community to increase the percentage of tourist visits during the summer time, as Croatia, in generally, is a popular destination for many people around the globe during the vacation period. Performing arts[edit] There are about 20 permanent or seasonal theatres and stages. The Croatian National Theater in Zagreb
Zagreb
was built in 1895 and opened by emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. The most renowned concert hall named "Vatroslav Lisinski", after the composer of the first Croatian opera, was built in 1973. Animafest, the World Festival of Animated Films, takes place every even-numbered year, and the Music Biennale, the international festival of avant-garde music, every odd-numbered year. It also hosts the annual ZagrebDox
ZagrebDox
documentary film festival. The Festival of the Zagreb Philharmonic and the flowers exhibition Floraart (end of May or beginning of June), the Old-timer Rally annual events. In the summer, theatre performances and concerts, mostly in the Upper Town, are organised either indoors or outdoors. The stage on Opatovina hosts the Zagreb
Zagreb
Histrionic Summer theatre events. Zagreb
Zagreb
is also the host of Zagrebfest, the oldest Croatian pop-music festival, as well as of several traditional international sports events and tournaments. The Day of the City of Zagreb
City of Zagreb
on 16 November is celebrated every year with special festivities, especially on the Jarun
Jarun
lake in the southwestern part of the city. Recreation and sports[edit]

Arena Zagreb

Maksimir
Maksimir
Stadium

Jarun
Jarun
Lake

Dražen Petrović Basketball
Basketball
Hall

Zagreb
Zagreb
is home to numerous sports and recreational centres. Recreational Sports Center Jarun, situated on Jarun
Jarun
Lake in the southwest of the city, has fine shingle beaches, a world-class regatta course, a jogging lane around the lake, several restaurants, many night clubs and a discothèque. Its sports and recreation opportunities include swimming, sunbathing, waterskiing, angling and other water sports, but also beach volleyball, football, basketball, handball, table tennis, and mini-golf. Dom Sportova, a sport centre in northern Trešnjevka
Trešnjevka
features six halls. The largest two have seating capacity of 5,000 and 3,100 people, respectively.[130] This centre is used for basketball, handball, volleyball, hockey, gymnastics, tennis, etc. It also hosts music events. Arena Zagreb
Arena Zagreb
was finished in 2008. The 16,500-seat arena[131] hosted the 2009 World Men's Handball Championship. The Dražen Petrović Basketball
Basketball
Hall seats 5,400 people. Alongside the hall is the 94-metre (308 ft) high glass Cibona Tower. Sports Park Mladost, situated on the embankment of the Sava
Sava
river, has an Olympic-size swimming pool, smaller indoor and outdoor swimming pools, a sunbathing terrace, 16 tennis courts as well as basketball, volleyball, handball, football and field hockey courts. A volleyball sports hall is within the park. Sports and Recreational Center Šalata, located in Šalata, only a couple hundred meters from the Jelačić Square, is most attractive for tennis players. It comprises a big tennis court and eight smaller ones, two of which are covered by the so-called "balloon", and another two equipped with lights. The centre also has swimming pools, basketball courts, football fields, a gym and fitness centre, and a four-lane bowling alley. Outdoor ice skating is a popular winter recreation. There are also several fine restaurants within and near the centre. Maksimir
Maksimir
Tennis
Tennis
Center, located in Ravnice east of downtown, consists of two sports blocks. The first comprises a tennis centre situated in a large tennis hall with four courts. There are 22 outdoor tennis courts with lights. The other block offers multipurpose sports facilities: apart from tennis courts, there are handball, basketball and indoor football grounds, as well as track and field facilities, a bocci ball alley and table tennis opportunities. Recreational swimmers can enjoy a smaller-size indoor swimming pool in Daničićeva Street, and a newly opened indoor Olympic-size pool at Utrine sports centre in Novi Zagreb. Skaters can skate in the skating rink on Trg Sportova (Sports Square) and on the lake Jarun
Jarun
Skaters' park. Hippodrome
Hippodrome
Zagreb
Zagreb
offers recreational horseback riding opportunities, while horse races are held every weekend during the warmer part of the year. The 38,923[132]-seat Maksimir
Maksimir
Stadium, last 10 years under renovation, is located in Maksimir
Maksimir
in the northeastern part of the city. The stadium is part of the immense Svetice recreational and sports complex (ŠRC Svetice), south of the Maksimir
Maksimir
Park. The complex covers an area of 276,440 m2 (68 acres). It is part of a significant Green Zone, which passes from Medvednica
Medvednica
Mountains in the north toward the south. ŠRC Svetice, together with Maksimir
Maksimir
Park, creates an ideal connection of areas which are assigned to sport, recreation and leisure. The latest larger recreational facility is Bundek, a group of two small lakes near the Sava
Sava
in Novi Zagreb, surrounded by a partly forested park. The location had been used prior to the 1970s, but then went to neglect until 2006 when it was renovated. Some of the most notable sport clubs in Zagreb
Zagreb
are: NK Dinamo Zagreb, KHL Medveščak Zagreb, RK Zagreb, KK Cibona, KK Zagreb, KK Cedevita, NK Zagreb, HAVK Mladost and others. The city hosted the 2016 Davis Cup World Group final between Croatia
Croatia
and Argentina. Religion[edit]

Churches

Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
exterior

St. Mark's Church exterior

St. Catherine church

Basilica of The Sacred Heart of Jesus

Greek Catholic Co-cathedral of Saints Cyril and Methodius

Serbian Orthodox Cathedral

Evangelical Lutheran Church

Church of Lady of Remete

Islamic Center

Church of Saint Blaise, Zagreb

The Archdiocese of Zagreb
Zagreb
is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Croatia, serving as its religious centre. The current Archbishop is Josip Cardinal Bozanić. The Catholic Church is the largest religious organisation in Zagreb, Catholicism being the predominant religion of Croatia, with over 1.1 million adherents.[133] Zagreb
Zagreb
is also the Episcopal see
Episcopal see
of the Metropolitanate of Zagreb
Zagreb
and Ljubljana
Ljubljana
of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Islamic religious organisation of Croatia
Croatia
has the see in Zagreb. Current president is Mufti Aziz Hasanović. There used to be a mosque in the Meštrović Pavilion
Meštrović Pavilion
during World War II[134] at the Žrtava Fašizma Square, but it was relocated to the neighbourhood of Borovje in Peščenica. Mainstream Protestant churches have also been present in Zagreb
Zagreb
– Evangelical (Lutheran) Church and Reformed Christian (Calvinist) Church. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is also present in the Zagreb neighbourhood of Jarun
Jarun
whereas Jehovah's Witnesses have their headquarters in Central Zagreb.[135] In total there are around 40 non-Catholic religious organisations and denominations in Zagreb
Zagreb
with their headquarters and places of worship across the city making it a large and diverse multicultural community. Economy
Economy
and infrastructure[edit]

Neboder

Sky Office Tower

Zagrepčanka

Centar Strojarska

Eurotower

Cibona Tower

Zagrebtower

HOTO Tower

Panorama Hotel Zagreb

Chromos Tower

Vjesnik

The most important branches of industry are: production of electrical machines and devices, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, food and drink processing. Zagreb
Zagreb
is an international trade and business centre, as well as an essential transport hub placed at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and the Southeast Europe.[136] Almost all of the largest Croatian as well as Central European companies and conglomerates such as Agrokor, INA, Hrvatski Telekom have their headquarters in the city. The only Croatian stock exchange is the Zagreb
Zagreb
Stock Exchange (Croatian: Zagrebačka burza), which is located in Eurotower, one of the tallest Croatian skyscrapers. According to 2008 data, the city of Zagreb
Zagreb
has the highest PPP and nominal gross domestic product per capita in Croatia
Croatia
at $32,185 and $27,271 respectively, compared to the Croatian averages of $18,686 and $15,758.[137] As of May 2015, the average monthly net salary in Zagreb
Zagreb
was 6,669 kuna, about €870 (Croatian average is 5,679 kuna, about €740).[138][139] At the end of 2012, the average unemployment rate in Zagreb
Zagreb
was around 9.5%.[140] 34% of companies in Croatia
Croatia
have headquarters in Zagreb, and 38.4% of the Croatian workforce works in Zagreb, including almost all banks, utility and public transport companies.[141][142][143] Companies in Zagreb
Zagreb
create 52% of total turnover and 60% of total profit of Croatia
Croatia
in 2006 as well as 35% of Croatian export and 57% of Croatian import.[144][145] Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Zagreb Highways[edit] Further information: Highways in Croatia

Slavonska Avenue

The ZET network of daytime tram lines in 2009 (Line 5 has since been extended to Maksimir
Maksimir
and Kapelska and Hanuševa stops were removed)

Zagreb
Zagreb
is the hub of five major Croatian highways. The highway A6 was upgraded in October 2008 and leads from Zagreb
Zagreb
to Rijeka, and forming a part of the Pan-European Corridor Vb. The upgrade coincided with the opening of the bridge over the Mura river on the A4 and the completion of the Hungarian M7, which marked the opening of the first freeway corridor between Rijeka
Rijeka
and Budapest.[146] The A1 starts at the Lučko
Lučko
interchange and concurs with the A6 up to the Bosiljevo 2 interchange, connecting Zagreb
Zagreb
and Split (As of October 2008[update] Vrgorac). A further extension of the A1 up to Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
is under construction. Both highways are tolled by the Croatian highway authorities Hrvatske autoceste and Autocesta Rijeka
Rijeka
- Zagreb.[citation needed] Highway
Highway
A3 (formerly named Bratstvo i jedinstvo) was the showpiece of Croatia
Croatia
in the SFRY. It is the oldest Croatian highway.[147][148] A3 forms a part of the Pan-European Corridor X. The highway starts at the Bregana
Bregana
border crossing, bypasses Zagreb
Zagreb
forming the southern arch of the Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass
and ends at Lipovac near the Bajakovo border crossing. It continues in Southeast Europe
Southeast Europe
in the direction of Near East. This highway is tolled except for the stretch between Bobovica and Ivanja Reka interchanges.[149] Highway
Highway
A2 is a part of the Corridor Xa.[150] It connects Zagreb
Zagreb
and the frequently congested Macelj
Macelj
border crossing, forming a near-continuous motorway-level link between Zagreb
Zagreb
and Western Europe.[151] Forming a part of the Corridor Vb, highway A4 starts in Zagreb
Zagreb
forming the northeastern wing of the Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass
and leads to Hungary
Hungary
until the Goričan
Goričan
border crossing. It is often used highway around Zagreb.[152] The railway and the highway A3 along the Sava
Sava
river that extend to Slavonia
Slavonia
(towards Slavonski Brod, Vinkovci, Osijek
Osijek
and Vukovar) are some of the busiest traffic corridors in the country.[153] The railway running along the Sutla
Sutla
river and the A2 highway (Zagreb-Macelj) running through Zagorje, as well as traffic connections with the Pannonian region and Hungary
Hungary
(the Zagorje railroad, the roads and railway to Varaždin
Varaždin
Čakovec
Čakovec
and Koprivnica) are linked with truck routes.[154] The southern railway connection to Split operates on a high-speed tilting trains line via the Lika
Lika
region (renovated in 2004 to allow for a five-hour journey); a faster line along the Una river valley is currently in use only up to the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.[154][155] Roads[edit]

Homeland
Homeland
bridge

Roundabout in New Zagreb
Zagreb
– west

The city has an extensive avenue network with numerous main arteries up to ten lanes wide and Zagreb
Zagreb
bypass, a congested four-lane highway encircling most of the city. Traffic jams and daytime parking space are a great problem in the wider city centre area during the rush hour. Finding a parking space is supposed to be made somewhat easier by the construction of new underground multi-story parking lots (Importanne Center, Importanne Gallery, Lang Square, Tuškanac, Kvaternik Square, Klaić Street, etc.). The busiest roads are the main east-west arteries, former Highway
Highway
"Brotherhood and Unity", consisting of Ljubljanska Avenue, Zagrebačka Avenue
Zagrebačka Avenue
and Slavonska Avenue; and the Vukovarska Avenue, the closest bypass of the city centre. The avenues were supposed to alleviate traffic problem, but most of them are today gridlocked at rush hour and others, like Branimirova Avenue and Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
Avenue which are gridlocked for the whole day.[156][157][158] European routes E59, E65 and E70 serve Zagreb. See also: Zagreb
Zagreb
bypass Bridges[edit] Zagreb
Zagreb
has seven road traffic bridges across the river Sava, and they all span both the river and the levees, making them all by and large longer than 200 m (660 ft). In downstream order, these are:

Name (English) Name (Croatian) Year Finished Type of bridge Road that goes over Other Information

Podsused Bridge Podsusedski most 1982 Two-lane road bridge with a commuter train line (not yet completed) Samoborska Road Connects Zagreb
Zagreb
to its close suburbs by a road to Samobor, the fastest route to Bestovje, Sveta Nedelja and Strmec.

Jankomir Bridge Jankomirski most 1958, 2006 (upgrade) Four lane road bridge Ljubljanska Avenue Connects Ljubljanska Avenue to the Jankomir interchange
Jankomir interchange
and Zagreb bypass.

Adriatic Bridge Jadranski most 1981 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Adriatic Avenue The most famous bridge in Zagreb. The bridge spans from Savska Street in the north to the Remetinec Roundabout
Remetinec Roundabout
in the south.

Sava
Sava
Bridge Savski most 1938 Pedestrian since the construction of the Adriatic Bridge Savska Road The official name at the time of building was New Sava
Sava
bridge, but it is the oldest still standing bridge over Sava. The bridge is known among experts due to some construction details.[159]

Liberty Bridge Most slobode 1959 Four lane road bridge Većeslav Holjevac
Većeslav Holjevac
Avenue It used to hold a pair of bus lanes, but due to the increasing individual traffic and better tram connections across the river, those were converted to normal lanes.

Youth Bridge Most mladosti 1974 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Marin Držić Avenue Connects eastern Novi Zagreb
Novi Zagreb
to the districts of Trnje, Peščenica, Donja Dubrava and Maksimir.

Homeland
Homeland
Bridge Domovinski most 2007 Four-lane road bridge (also carries two bicycle and two pedestrian lanes; has space reserved for light railroad tracks) Radnička (Workers') Road This bridge is the last bridge built on Sava
Sava
to date; it links Peščenica via Radnička street to the Zagreb bypass
Zagreb bypass
at Kosnica. It is planned to continue towards Zagreb Airport
Zagreb Airport
at Pleso
Pleso
and Velika Gorica, and on to state road D31 going to the south.

There are also two rail traffic bridges across the Sava, one near the Sava
Sava
bridge and one near Mičevec, as well as two bridges that are part of the Zagreb
Zagreb
bypass, one near Zaprešić
Zaprešić
(west), and the other near Ivanja Reka (east). Two additional bridges across the river Sava
Sava
are proposed: Jarun Bridge and Bundek
Bundek
Bridge. Public transportation[edit]

Nextbike
Nextbike
Zagreb

Main Railway Station

ZET tram and city bus

Newest model of the Zagreb
Zagreb
city trains system

Public transportation in the city is organised in several layers: the inner parts of the city are mostly covered by trams, the outer city areas and closer suburbs are linked with buses and rapid transit commuter rail. The public transportation company ZET (Zagrebački električni tramvaj, Zagreb
Zagreb
Electric Tram) operates trams, all inner bus lines, and the most of the suburban bus lines, and it is subsidised by the city council. The national rail operator Croatian Railways
Croatian Railways
(Hrvatske željeznice, HŽ) runs a network of urban and suburban train lines in the metropolitan Zagreb
Zagreb
area, and is a government-owned corporation. The funicular (uspinjača) in the historic part of the city is a tourist attraction. Taxis are readily available through a network of around 3000 taxi vehicles,[160] but this type of Zagreb's public transport hadn't been particularly popular among the residents until the end of the 2000s due to the monopoly of only one taxi company. In early 2010, numerous transport companies have been allowed to enter the market; consequently the prices significantly dropped whereas the service was immensely improved so the popularity of taxis in Zagreb
Zagreb
has been increasing from then onwards. Tram
Tram
network[edit] Main article: Trams in Zagreb Zagreb
Zagreb
has an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines covering much of the inner- and middle-suburbs of the city. The first tram line was opened on 5 September 1891 and trams have been serving as a vital component of Zagreb
Zagreb
mass transit ever since. Trams usually travel at speeds of 30–50 kilometres per hour (19–31 miles per hour), but slow considerably during rush hour. The network operates at the curb whereas on larger avenues its tracks are situated inside the green belts. An ambitious program, which entailed replacing old trams with the new and modern ones built mostly in Zagreb
Zagreb
by companies Končar elektroindustrija and, to a lesser extent, by TŽV Gredelj, has recently been finished. The new "TMK 2200", trams by the end of 2012 made around 95% of the fleet.[161] Suburban rail network[edit] Main article: Zagreb
Zagreb
Commuter Rail The commuter rail network in Zagreb
Zagreb
has existed since 1992. In 2005, suburban rail services were increased to a 15-minute frequency serving the middle and outer suburbs of Zagreb, primarily in the east-west direction and to the southern districts. This has enhanced the commuting opportunities across the city.[162] A new link to the nearby town of Samobor
Samobor
has been announced and is due to start construction in 2014. This link will be standard-gauge and tie in with normal Croatian Railways
Croatian Railways
operations. The previous narrow-gauge line to Samobor
Samobor
called Samoborček
Samoborček
was closed in the 1970s.[163] Air traffic[edit] Main article: Zagreb
Zagreb
International Airport

New terminal of the Franjo Tudjman Airport

Zagreb Airport
Zagreb Airport
(IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA) is the main Croatian international airport, a 17 km (11 mi) drive southeast of Zagreb
Zagreb
in the city of Velika Gorica. The airport is also the main Croatian airbase featuring a fighter squadron, helicopters, as well as military and freight transport aircraft.[164] The airport had 2,77 millions of passengers in 2016 with a new passenger terminal being opened in late March 2017 that can accommodate up to 5,5 million passengers. Zagreb
Zagreb
also has a second, smaller airport, Lučko
Lučko
(ICAO: LDZL). It is home to sports aeroplanes and a Croatian special police unit, as well as being a military helicopter airbase. Lučko
Lučko
used to be the main airport of Zagreb
Zagreb
from 1947 to 1959.[165] A third, small grass airfield, Buševec, is located just outside Velika Gorica. It is primarily used for sports purposes.[166] Education[edit] Further information: List of high schools in Zagreb

Great Hall of the Rectorate, University of Zagreb

Zagreb
Zagreb
has 136 primary schools and 100 secondary schools including 30 gymnasia.[167][168] There are 5 public higher education institution and 9 private professional higher education schools.[169] University[edit] Main article: University of Zagreb Further information: List of universities in Croatia Founded in 1669, the University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
is the oldest continuously operating university in Croatia
Croatia
and one of the largest[170][171][172][173][174][175] and oldest universities in the Southeastern Europe. Ever since its foundation, the university has been continually growing and developing and now consists of 29 faculties, three art academies and the Croatian Studies Centre. More than 200,000 students have attained the Bachelor's degree
Bachelor's degree
at the university, which has also assigned 18,000 Master's and 8,000 Doctor's degrees.[176] As of 2011[update], the University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
is ranked among 500 Best Universities of the world by the Shanghai
Shanghai
Academic Ranking of World Universities. Zagreb
Zagreb
is also the seat of two private universities: the Catholic University of Croatia
Croatia
and the Libertas International University; as well as numerous public and private polytehnics, colleges and higher professional schools. See also[edit]

Geography portal Europe portal Croatia
Croatia
portal

References[edit] Footnotes[edit]

^ a b from the household census ^ population census without clergy and nobility

^ Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels
Brussels
Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states.

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of Broken Relationships". En.wikinoticia.com. 25 November 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2011.  ^ "People and Art House Lauba". Lauba.hr. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ "Lauba-The Youngest Centenarian in Town". pogledaj.to. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011.  ^ "Best Christmas Markets in Europe". Europe's Best Destinations. Retrieved 12 March 2018.  ^ www.globaldizajn.hr, Globaldizajn. "Ustanova Upravljanje sportskim objektima – Dvorane Doma sportova". sportskiobjekti.hr.  ^ Arena Zagreb[circular reference] ^ Stadion Maksimir[circular reference] ^ "Zagreb(Archdiocese)-Statistics". Zagreb(Archdiocese). Retrieved 3 May 2012.  ^ Meštrović Pavilion ^ "Crkva Isusa Krista Svetaca Poslijednih Dana". www.crkvaisusakrista.hr. Retrieved 2 September 2012.  ^ "About Zagreb
Zagreb
Economy". Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 2 July 2006.  ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
– City Office for Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship". Archived from the original on 20 July 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2012.  ^ "Prosječna plaća u Zagrebu 990 kuna viša od hrvatskog prosjeka". Index.hr. Retrieved 31 January 2016.  ^ Foto: Marijan Sušenj/PIXSELL. "Znate li koliko iznosi prosječna plaća u Hrvatskoj? – Vijesti – hrvatska – Večernji list". Vecernji.hr. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ "Službene stranice Grada Zagreba – Zaposlenost i nezaposlenost". Zagreb.hr. 5 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ "CENTRALIZIRANA HRVATSKA Analiza Jutarnjeg – zaposleni Zagrepčani primaju 50 posto veće plaće od Varaždinaca!". Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ "Centralizacija: Zagreb
Zagreb
troši triput više od Rijeke, Splita i Osijeka zajedno". Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ "Grabar Kitarović: Demografska slika Hrvatske je ogroman problem". Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ "Gospodarstvo Grada Zagreba i Zagrebačke županije" (PDF). Croatian Chamber of Economy
Economy
(in Croatian). 11 December 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008.  ^ "Economic Profile of Zagreb
Zagreb
Chamber of Commerce" (in Croatian). Croatian Chamber of Commerce, Zagreb
Zagreb
Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.  ^ "From Zagreb
Zagreb
to Rijeka
Rijeka
in an hour". Product of Croatia. 22 October 2008. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2008.  ^ "PRAZNOVANJE ROJSTNEGA DNE ZA OTROKE – NASVETI!" [Brotherhood and Unity Motorway] (in Slovenian). Zbirka.si. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2015.  ^ "Vremeplov" [Time machine] (in Serbian). Radio Television of Serbia. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2015.  ^ "Autocesta A3 – Bregana–Zagreb–Lipovac" [Motorway A3 – Bregana–Zagreb–Lipovac] (PDF). Hrvatske autoceste. 3 July 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2017.  ^ "South East Europe Core Regional Transport Network Development Plan". South-East Europe Transport Observatory. May 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2008.  ^ "Project appraisal document on a proposed loan to the Republic of Croatia" (PDF). The World Bank. 27 September 2000. Retrieved 13 November 2008.  ^ "Autocesta koja koči Hrvatsku". Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
Transportation". Retrieved 2 July 2006.  ^ a b "Izvješće o mreži". Croatian Railways
Croatian Railways
(in Croatian). 2009. p. 67. Retrieved 13 November 2008.  ^ Pupačić, Tomislav (20 September 2004). "Nagibni vlakovi više nisu nagibni". Vjesnik
Vjesnik
(in Croatian). Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2008.  ^ "PROMETNI KOLAPS Gužve zbog asfaltiranja Avenije Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
trajat će do kraja kolovoza". Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ "Zbog radova velike gužve u Novom Zagrebu, Avenija Dubrovnik djelomično zatvorena do srijede". Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ "10 projekata koji bi riješili gradske gužve u Zagrebu – na čekanju". Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ Neven Crnobrnja (2006). "Bridges across the Sava
Sava
River in Zagreb". Građevinar (in Croatian). 57 (12). Zagreb, Croatia: Hrvatski savez građevinskih inženjera. Retrieved 20 January 2011.  ^ "About Radio Taxi Zagreb". Radio Taxi Zagreb. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2011.  ^ "Predstavljen 71. niskopodni tramvaj" (in Croatian). Zagrebački električni tramvaj (ZET). 27 December 2007. Archived from the original on 31 December 2007. Retrieved 8 January 2008.  ^ Vojković, Ana Marija (1 August 2008). " Zagreb
Zagreb
kupuje 18 vlakova za brži prigradski promet". 24 sata (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2008.  ^ "Uskoro Samoborček
Samoborček
i novi prigradski vlakovi" (PDF). Zagrebački komunalni vjesnik (in Croatian) (№ 362): 11. 28 November 2007. ISSN 1845-4968. Archived from the original (PDF, 134 KB) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008.  ^ "Franjo Tuđman Airport terminal". Retrieved 2 July 2006.  ^ " Zagreb Airport
Zagreb Airport
– History" (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2008.  ^ Kosović, Vedran (10 October 1999). "Usprkos teškoćama leti se dalje". Vjesnik
Vjesnik
(in Croatian). Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2008.  ^ "Primary schools". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. Archived from the original on 11 July 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2007.  ^ "Secondary schools". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2007.  ^ " Higher education
Higher education
institutions". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.  ^ "About University". Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ "Croatia: University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
– KTH". Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ " University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
– CENTER FOR EUROPEAN EDUCATION". Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ "University of Zagreb, Croatia
Croatia
– Europe Engage". Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ " University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
– Top Universities". Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ "4th Ensec Conference-Zagreb-Croatia". Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
in brief". City of Zagreb. Retrieved 11 November 2008. 

Bibliography[edit]

Cresswell, Peterjon; Atkins, Ismay; Dunn, Lily (10 July 2006). Time Out Croatia
Croatia
(First ed.). London, Berkeley & Toronto: Time Out Group Ltd & Ebury Publishing, Random House Ltd. 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London
London
SV1V 2SA. ISBN 978-1-904978-70-1. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutZagrebat's sister projects

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Zagreb
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Zagreb

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Timeline Golden Bull of 1242 Gradec Kaptol Krvavi most 1880 earthquake 1895 Emperor Franz Joseph visit Zagreb
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Buildings and landmarks

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Galleries and museums

Archaeological Museum Art Pavilion Croatian History Museum Croatian Museum
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Sports venues

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Buildings

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County seats of Croatia

   

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Karlovac, Karlovac Koprivnica, Koprivnica-Križevci Krapina, Krapina-Zagorje Gospić, Lika-Senj

Čakovec, Međimurje Osijek, Osijek-Baranja Požega, Požega-Slavonia Rijeka, Primorje-Gorski Kotar

Sisak, Sisak-Moslavina Split, Split-Dalmatia Šibenik, Šibenik-Knin Varaždin, Varaždin

Virovitica, Virovitica-Podravina Vukovar, Vukovar-Srijem Zadar, Zadar Zagreb, Zagreb

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Counties of Croatia

Bjelovar-Bilogora Brod-Posavina Dubrovnik-Neretva Istria Karlovac Koprivnica-Križevci Krapina-Zagorje Lika-Senj Međimurje Osijek-Baranja Požega-Slavonia Primorje-Gorski Kotar Šibenik-Knin Sisak-Moslavina Split-Dalmatia Varaždin Virovitica-Podravina Vukovar-Srijem Zadar Zagreb City of Zagreb

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Cities and towns of Croatia
Croatia
by population

100,000+

Osijek Rijeka Split Zagreb

35,000+

Bjelovar Dubrovnik Karlovac Kaštela Pula Samobor Šibenik Sisak Slavonski Brod Varaždin Velika Gorica Vinkovci Zadar

10,000+

Beli Manastir Belišće Benkovac Čakovec Crikvenica Đakovo Daruvar Donji Miholjac Duga Resa Dugo Selo Garešnica Gospić Imotski Ivanec Ivanić-Grad Jastrebarsko Kastav Knin Koprivnica Krapina Križevci Kutina Labin Makarska Metković Našice Nova Gradiška Novi Marof Novska Ogulin Omiš Opatija Petrinja Pleternica Ploče Popovača Poreč Požega Rovinj Sinj Slatina Solin Sveta Nedelja Sveti Ivan Zelina Trogir Umag Valpovo Virovitica Vrbovec Vukovar Zaprešić Županja

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Capitals of European states and territories

Capitals of dependent territories and states whose sovereignty is disputed shown in italics.

Western

Amsterdam, Netherlands1 Andorra la Vella, Andorra Bern, Switzerland Brussels, Belgium2 Douglas, Isle of Man (UK) Dublin, Ireland London, United Kingdom Luxembourg, Luxembourg Paris, France Saint Helier, Jersey (UK) Saint Peter Port, Guernsey (UK)

Northern

Copenhagen, Denmark Helsinki, Finland Longyearbyen, Svalbard (Norway) Mariehamn, Åland Islands (Finland) Nuuk, Greenland (Denmark) Olonkinbyen, Jan Mayen (Norway) Oslo, Norway Reykjavík, Iceland Stockholm, Sweden Tórshavn, Faroe Islands (Denmark)

Central

Berlin, Germany Bratislava, Slovakia Budapest, Hungary Ljubljana, Slovenia Prague, Czech Republic Vaduz, Liechtenstein Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland

Southern

Ankara, Turkey3 Athens, Greece Belgrade, Serbia Bucharest, Romania Gibraltar, Gibraltar (UK) Lisbon, Portugal Madrid, Spain Monaco, Monaco Nicosia, Cyprus4 North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus4, 5 Podgorica, Montenegro Pristina, Kosovo5 Rome, Italy San Marino, San Marino Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Skopje, Macedonia Sofia, Bulgaria Tirana, Albania Valletta, Malta Vatican City, Vatican City Zagreb, Croatia

Eastern

Astana, Kazakhstan3 Baku, Azerbaijan3 Chișinău, Moldova Kiev, Ukraine Minsk, Belarus Moscow, Russia3 Riga, Latvia Stepanakert, Artsakh4, 5 Sukhumi, Abkhazia3, 5 Tallinn, Estonia Tbilisi, Georgia3 Tiraspol, Transnistria5 Tskhinvali, South Ossetia3, 5 Vilnius, Lithuania Yerevan, Armenia3

1 Also the capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2 Also the seat of the European Union, see Institutional seats of the European Union
European Union
and Brussels
Brussels
and the European Union 3 Transcontinental country 4 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe 5 Partially recognised country

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Capital cities of the member states of the European Union

Netherlands: Amsterdam

Greece: Athens

Germany: Berlin

Slovakia: Bratislava

Belgium: Brussels

Romania: Bucharest

Hungary: Budapest

Denmark: Copenhagen

Ireland: Dublin

Finland: Helsinki

Portugal: Lisbon

Slovenia: Ljubljana

United Kingdom: London

Luxembourg: Luxembourg

Spain: Madrid

Cyprus: Nicosia

France: Paris

Czech Republic: Prague

Latvia: Riga

Italy: Rome

Bulgaria: Sofia

Sweden: Stockholm

Estonia: Tallinn

Malta: Valletta

Austria: Vienna

Lithuania: Vilnius

Poland: Warsaw

Croatia: Zagreb

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Hero Cities of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Beograd Cetinje Drvar Ljubljana Novi Sad Prilep Pristina Zagreb

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Eurovision
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Song Contest

History Host cities Languages Presenters Rules Voting Winners Winners discography

Contests

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Inactive

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Former

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and Montenegro Yugoslavia

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National selections

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Ellinikós Telikós Eurosong - A MAD Show

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OGAE
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Television and concerts

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Previews Songs of Europe Kvalifikacija za Millstreet Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision
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Song Contest's Greatest Hits

Category Portal

Preceded by Rotterdam, Netherlands
Netherlands
(1953) World Gymnaestrada
World Gymnaestrada
host city 1957 Succeeded by Stuttgart, West Germany
Germany
(1961)

Preceded by Kobe, Japan
Japan
(1985) Universiade
Universiade
host city 1987 Succeeded by Duisburg, West Germany
Germany
(1989)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123146146 LCCN: n79116205 ISNI: 0000 0004 0396 1851 GND: 4108914-5 SELIBR: 16

.