HOME
The Info List - Zagreb


--- Advertisement ---



(i)

ZAGREB (Croatian pronunciation: ) is the capital and the largest city of Croatia
Croatia
. It is located in the northwest of the country, along the Sava
Sava
river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb
Zagreb
lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level . In the last official census of 2011 the population of the City of Zagreb was 792,875. The wider Zagreb
Zagreb
metropolitan area includes the City of Zagreb and the separate Zagreb County bringing the total metropolitan area population up to 1,237,887. It is the biggest metropolitan area in Croatia, and the only one with a population of over one million.

Zagreb
Zagreb
is a city with a rich history dating from the Roman times to the present day. The oldest settlement located in the vicinity of the city was the Roman Andautonia , in today's Ščitarjevo . The name "Zagreb" is recorded in 1134, in reference to the foundation of the settlement at Kaptol in 1094. Zagreb
Zagreb
became a free royal town in 1242. In 1851 Zagreb
Zagreb
had its first mayor , Janko Kamauf , and in 1945 it was made the capital of Croatia
Croatia
when the demographic boom and the urban sprawl made the city as it is known today.

Zagreb
Zagreb
has a special status in the Croatia
Croatia
's administrative division and is a consolidated city-county (but separated from Zagreb County ) , and is administratively subdivided into 17 city districts , most of them being at low elevation along the river Sava
Sava
valley , whereas northern and northeastern city districts, such as Podsljeme and Sesvete
Sesvete
districts are situated in the foothills of the Medvednica
Medvednica
mountain, making the city's geographical image rather diverse. The city extends over 30 kilometres (19 miles) east-west and around 20 kilometres (12 miles) north-south.

The transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific, and research institutions and industrial tradition underlie its leading economic position in Croatia. Zagreb
Zagreb
is the seat of the central government , administrative bodies , and almost all government ministries . Almost all of the largest Croatian companies , media , and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city. Zagreb
Zagreb
is the most important transport hub in Croatia
Croatia
where Central Europe , the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and Southeast Europe meet, making the Zagreb
Zagreb
area the centre of the road, rail and air networks of Croatia. It is a city known for its diverse economy , high quality of living, museums , sporting, and entertainment events. Its main branches of economy are high-tech industries and the service sector .

CONTENTS

* 1 Name

* 2 History

* 2.1 Early Zagreb
Zagreb
* 2.2 16th to 18th centuries * 2.3 19th to mid-20th century * 2.4 Modern Zagreb
Zagreb
* 2.5 Area and population development

* 3 Climate

* 4 Demographics

* 4.1 City districts * 4.2 Settlements

* 5 Economy
Economy
* 6 Cityscape

* 7 Metropolitan administration

* 7.1 City government * 7.2 Elections

* 8 Transport

* 8.1 Highways

* 8.2 Roads

* 8.2.1 Bridges

* 8.3 Public transportation

* 8.3.1 Tram
Tram
network * 8.3.2 Suburban rail network

* 8.4 Air traffic

* 9 Cultural sites

* 9.1 Museums * 9.2 Events * 9.3 Performing arts

* 10 Education

* 10.1 University

* 11 Religious organisations * 12 Surroundings

* 13 Tourism

* 13.1 Souvenirs and gastronomy

* 14 Recreation and sports * 15 Gallery

* 16 International relations

* 16.1 Twin towns — sister cities * 16.2 Partner cities

* 17 See also

* 18 References

* 18.1 Footnotes * 18.2 Citations * 18.3 Bibliography

* 19 External links

NAME

Kaptol square and Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
. Ante Starčević square.

The etymology of the name _Zagreb_ is unclear. It was used of the united city only from 1852, but it had been in use as the name of the Zagreb
Zagreb
dioecese since the 12th century, and was increasingly used of the city in the 17th century. The name is first recorded in a charter by Ostrogon archbishop Felician, dated 1134, mentioned as _Zagrabiensem episcopatum_. The older form of the name is _Zagrab_. The modern Croatian form _Zagreb_ is first recorded in a 1689 map by Nicolas Sanson . An even older form is reflected in Hungarian _Zabrag_ (recorded from c. 1200 and in use until the 18th century). For this, Desy (1990) proposes the etymology of _Chabrag_, a well-attested hypocorism of the name _ Cyprian _. The same form is reflected in a number of Hungarian toponyms, such as Csepreg .

The name might be derived from Proto-Slavic word *_grębъ_ which means hill, uplift. And Old Croatian reconstructed name *_Zagrębъ_ is manifested through the German name of the city Agram.

The name _Agram_ was used in German in the Habsburg period ; this name has been classified as "probably of Roman origin" but according to Desy (1990) it could be an Austrian German
Austrian German
reanalysis of _*Zugram_. In Middle Latin and Modern Latin , Zagreb
Zagreb
is known as _Agranum_ (the name of an unrelated Arabian city in Strabo
Strabo
), _Zagrabia_ or _Mons Graecensis_ (also _Mons Crecensis_, in reference to _Grič_ (Gradec) ).

In Croatian folk etymology , the name of the city has been derived from either the verb _za-grab-_, meaning "to scoop" or "to dig". One folk legend illustrating this derivation ties the name to a drought of the early 14th century, during which Augustin Kažotić (c. 1260–1323) is said to have dug a well which miraculously produced water. In another legend, a city governor is thirsty and orders a girl named Manda to "scoop" water from Manduševac well (nowadays a fountain in Ban Jelačić Square), using the imperative: _zagrabi, Mando!_ ("Scoop, Manda!").

HISTORY

Main articles: History of Zagreb and Timeline of Zagreb

The oldest settlement located near today's Zagreb
Zagreb
was a Roman town of Andautonia , now Šćitarjevo , which existed between the 1st and the 5th century AD. The first recorded appearance of the name Zagreb
Zagreb
is dated to 1094, at which time the city existed as two different city centres: the smaller, eastern Kaptol , inhabited mainly by clergy and housing Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
, and the larger, western Gradec , inhabited mainly by craftsmen and merchants. Gradec and Kaptol were united in 1851 by ban Josip Jelačić , who was credited for this, with the naming the main city square, Ban Jelačić Square in his honour. During the period of former Yugoslavia , Zagreb
Zagreb
remained an important economic centre of the country, and was the second largest city. After Croatia
Croatia
declared independence from Yugoslavia, Zagreb
Zagreb
was proclaimed its capital. Zagreb
Zagreb
in 1686 Manduševac fountain

EARLY ZAGREB

The history of Zagreb
Zagreb
dates as far back as 1094 A.D. when the Hungarian King Ladislaus , returning from his campaign against Croatia , founded a diocese. Alongside the bishop's see , the canonical settlement Kaptol developed north of Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
, as did the fortified settlement Gradec on the neighbouring hill; the border between the two being the Medveščak stream. Today the latter is Zagreb's Upper Town (Gornji Grad ) and is one of the best preserved urban nuclei in Croatia
Croatia
. Both settlements came under Tatar attack in 1242. As a sign of gratitude for offering him a safe haven from the Tatars the Croatian and Hungarian King Bela IV bestowed Gradec with a Golden Bull , which offered its citizens exemption from county rule and autonomy, as well as its own judicial system .

16TH TO 18TH CENTURIES

There were numerous connections between the Kaptol diocese and the free sovereign town of Gradec for both economic and political reasons, but they weren't known as an integrated city, even as Zagreb
Zagreb
became the political centre and, representing both Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia , first convened at Gradec. Zagreb
Zagreb
was chosen as the seat of the Ban of Croatia
Croatia
in 1621 under ban Nikola Frankopan .

At the invitation of the Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
, the Jesuits came to Zagreb
Zagreb
and built the first grammar school , the St. Catherine\'s Church and monastery. In 1669, they founded an academy where philosophy, theology and law were taught, the forerunner of today's University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, Zagreb
Zagreb
was badly devastated by fire and the plague . In 1776, the royal council (government) moved from Varaždin to Zagreb
Zagreb
and during the reign of Joseph II Zagreb became the headquarters of the Varaždin and Karlovac
Karlovac
general command.

19TH TO MID-20TH CENTURY

Sculpture
Sculpture
representing the Triune Kingdom 19th century sealing stamp King Tomislav Square in 1901 Croatian Nobles Square in 1930s

In the 19th century, Zagreb
Zagreb
was the centre of the Croatian National Revival and saw the erection of important cultural and historic institutions. In 1850, the town was united under its first mayor – Janko Kamauf .

The first railway line to connect Zagreb
Zagreb
with Zidani Most and Sisak was opened in 1862 and in 1863 Zagreb
Zagreb
received a gasworks . The Zagreb waterworks was opened in 1878.

After the 1880 Zagreb earthquake , up to the 1914 outbreak of World War I , development flourished and the town received the characteristic layout which it has today. The first horse-drawn tram was used in 1891. The construction of the railway lines enabled the old suburbs to merge gradually into Donji Grad , characterised by a regular block pattern that prevails in Central European cities. This bustling core hosts many imposing buildings, monuments, and parks as well as a multitude of museums, theatres and cinemas. An electric power plant was built in 1907.

Since 1 January 1877, the Grič cannon is fired daily from the Lotrščak Tower on Grič to mark midday.

The first half of the 20th century saw a considerable expansion of Zagreb. Before World War I, the city expanded and neighbourhoods like Stara Peščenica in the east and Črnomerec in the west were created. After the war, working-class districts such as Trnje emerged between the railway and the Sava
Sava
, whereas the construction of residential districts on the hills of the southern slopes of Medvednica
Medvednica
was completed between the two World Wars .

In the 1920s, the population of Zagreb
Zagreb
increased by 70 percent — the largest demographic boom in the history of the town. In 1926, the first radio station in the region began broadcasting out of Zagreb, and in 1947 the Zagreb Fair was opened.

During World War II
World War II
, Zagreb
Zagreb
became the capital of the Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
, which was backed by the Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Italians . The history of Zagreb
Zagreb
in World War II
World War II
became rife with incidents of regime terror and resistance sabotages, and the Ustaša regime had thousands of people executed during the war in and near the city. The city was liberated by the Partisans at the end of the war.

MODERN ZAGREB

The area between the railway and the Sava
Sava
river witnessed a new construction boom after World War II
World War II
. After the mid-1950s, construction of new residential areas south of the Sava
Sava
river began, resulting in Novi Zagreb (Croatian for _New Zagreb_), originally called "Južni Zagreb" (Southern Zagreb). The city also expanded westward and eastward, incorporating Dubrava , Podsused, Jarun , Blato and other settlements. The cargo railway hub and the international airport Pleso
Pleso
were built south of the Sava
Sava
river. The largest industrial zone (Žitnjak) in the south-eastern part of the city represents an extension of the industrial zones on the eastern outskirts of the city, between the Sava
Sava
and the Prigorje region. Zagreb
Zagreb
also hosted the Summer Universiade
Universiade
in 1987.

During the 1991–1995 Croatian War of Independence , it was a scene of some sporadic fighting surrounding its JNA army barracks , but escaped major damage. In May 1995, it was targeted by Serb rocket artillery in two Zagreb rocket attacks which killed seven civilians.

An urbanised area connects Zagreb
Zagreb
with the surrounding towns of Zaprešić , Samobor , Dugo Selo and Velika Gorica . Sesvete
Sesvete
was the first and the closest area to become a part of the agglomeration and is already included in the City of Zagreb for administrative purposes and now forms the easternmost city district.

AREA AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT

YEAR Area (km2) Population (within city limits at that time) Population (within today's city limits)

1368

2,810

1742

5,600

1805

7,706

1850

16,036

1857

16,657 48,266

1869

19,857 54,761

1880

30,830 67,188

1890 3.33 40,268 82,848

1900 64.37 61,002 111,565

1910 64.37 79,038 136,351

1921 64.37 108,674 167,765

1931 64.37 185,581 258,024

1948 74.99 279,623 356,529

1953 235.74 350,829 393,919

1961 495.60 430,802 478,076

1971 497.95 602,205 629,896

1981 1,261.54 768,700 723,065

1991 1,715.55 933,914 777,826

2001 641.36 779,145 779,145

2011 641.36 792,875 792,875

The data in column 3 refers to the population in the city borders as of the census in question. Column 4 is calculated for the territory now defined as the City of Zagreb (Narodne Novine 97/10).

CLIMATE

The climate of Zagreb
Zagreb
is classified as an oceanic climate (_Cfb_ in Köppen climate classification system ), near the boundary of the humid continental climate . Zagreb
Zagreb
has four separate seasons . Summers are warm, and winters are cold, without a discernible dry season . The average daily mean temperature in winter is around 1 °C (34 °F) (from December to February) and the average temperature in summer is 22.0 °C (71.6 °F). Temperatures rise above 30 °C (86 °F) on an average 14.6 days each summer.

Snowfall is common in the winter months, from December to March, and rain and fog are common in autumn (October to December). Highest recorded temperature ever was 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) in July 1950, and lowest was −27.3 °C (−17.1 °F) in February 1956.

CLIMATE DATA FOR ZAGREB (1971–2000, EXTREMES 1949–2014)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 19.4 (66.9) 22.2 (72) 26.0 (78.8) 30.5 (86.9) 33.7 (92.7) 37.6 (99.7) 40.4 (104.7) 39.8 (103.6) 34.0 (93.2) 28.3 (82.9) 25.4 (77.7) 22.5 (72.5) 40.4 (104.7)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 3.7 (38.7) 6.8 (44.2) 11.9 (53.4) 16.3 (61.3) 21.5 (70.7) 24.5 (76.1) 26.7 (80.1) 26.3 (79.3) 22.1 (71.8) 15.8 (60.4) 8.9 (48) 4.6 (40.3) 15.8 (60.4)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 0.3 (32.5) 2.3 (36.1) 6.4 (43.5) 10.7 (51.3) 15.8 (60.4) 18.8 (65.8) 20.6 (69.1) 20.1 (68.2) 15.9 (60.6) 10.5 (50.9) 5.0 (41) 1.4 (34.5) 10.7 (51.3)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −3.0 (26.6) −1.8 (28.8) 1.6 (34.9) 5.2 (41.4) 9.8 (49.6) 13.0 (55.4) 14.7 (58.5) 14.4 (57.9) 10.8 (51.4) 6.2 (43.2) 1.4 (34.5) −1.7 (28.9) 5.9 (42.6)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −24.3 (−11.7) −27.3 (−17.1) −18.3 (−0.9) −4.4 (24.1) −1.8 (28.8) 2.5 (36.5) 5.4 (41.7) 3.7 (38.7) −0.6 (30.9) −5.6 (21.9) −13.5 (7.7) −19.8 (−3.6) −27.5 (−17.5)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 43.2 (1.701) 38.9 (1.531) 52.6 (2.071) 59.3 (2.335) 72.6 (2.858) 95.3 (3.752) 77.4 (3.047) 92.3 (3.634) 85.8 (3.378) 82.9 (3.264) 80.1 (3.154) 59.6 (2.346) 840.1 (33.075)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 9.8 9.4 11.0 13.0 13.5 13.7 11.2 10.4 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.0 135.6

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 1.0 CM) 10.3 7.1 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 6.7 29.0

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 82.5 76.4 70.3 67.5 68.3 69.7 69.1 72.1 77.7 81.3 83.6 84.8 75.3

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 55.8 98.9 142.6 168.0 229.4 234.0 275.9 257.3 189.0 124.0 63.0 49.6 1,887.5

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 23 39 43 45 54 55 63 63 54 41 26 23 47

Source: Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service

CLIMATE DATA FOR ZAGREB

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

MEAN DAILY DAYLIGHT HOURS 9.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 15.0 14.0 13.0 11.0 9.0 9.0 12.3

AVERAGE ULTRAVIOLET INDEX 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 1 1 4.3

SOURCE: WEATHER ATLAS

DEMOGRAPHICS

Zagreb
Zagreb
downtown Square of the Victims of Fascism Tkalčićeva Street Avenue Mall Zagreb
Zagreb
Mamutica is one of the largest apartment buildings in Europe Main article: Demographics of Zagreb

Zagreb
Zagreb
is by far the largest city in Croatia
Croatia
in terms of area and population. The official 2011 census counted 792,324 residents, although due to a substantial immigrant influx the number of people residing in the city is much higher.

Zagreb
Zagreb
metropolitan area population is slightly above 1.2 million inhabitants, as it includes the Zagreb County . Zagreb
Zagreb
metropolitan area makes approximately a quarter of a total population of Croatia
Croatia
. In 1997, the City of Zagreb itself was given special County status, separating it from Zagreb
Zagreb
County, although it remains the administrative centre of both.

The majority of its citizens are Croats
Croats
making up 93% of the city's population (2011 census). The same census records around 55,000 residents belonging to ethnic minorities : 17,526 Serbs
Serbs
(2.22%), 8,119 Bosniaks (1.03%), 4,292 Albanians (0.54%), 2,755 Romani (0.35%), 2,132 Slovenes (0.27%), 1,194 Macedonians (0.15%), 1,191 Montenegrins (0.15%), and a number of other smaller communities.

CITY DISTRICTS

Main article: Districts of Zagreb

Since 14 December 1999 City of Zagreb is divided in 17 city districts :

NO. DISTRICT AREA (KM²) Population (2011) Population (2001) Population density (2001)

1. Donji Grad 3.01 37,123 45,108 14,956.2

2. Gornji Grad – Medveščak 10.12 31,279 36,384 3,593.5

3. Trnje 7.37 42,126 45,267 6,146.2

4. Maksimir
Maksimir
14.35 49,448 49,750 3,467.1

5. Peščenica – Žitnjak 35.30 56,446 58,283 1,651.3

6. Novi Zagreb – istok 16.54 59,227 65,301 3,947.1

7. Novi Zagreb – zapad 62.59 58,025 48,981 782.5

8. Trešnjevka – sjever 5.83 55,342 55,358 9,498.6

9. Trešnjevka – jug 9.84 66,595 67,162 6,828.1

10. C Črnomerec 24.33 39,040 38,762 1,593.4

11. Gornja Dubrava 40.28 62,221 61,388 1,524.1

12. Donja Dubrava 10.82 36,461 35,944 3,321.1

13. Stenjevec 12.18 51,849 41,257 3,387.3

14. Podsused – Vrapče 36.05 45,771 42,360 1,175.1

15. Podsljeme 60.11 19,249 17,744 295.2

16. Sesvete
Sesvete
165.26 70,633 59,212 358.3

17. Brezovica 127.45 12,040 10,884 85.4

TOTAL 641.43 792,875 779,145 1,214.9

City districts are subdivided in 218 local committees as primary units of local self-government.

SETTLEMENTS

The city itself is not the only standalone settlement in the City of Zagreb
Zagreb
administrative area – there are a number of larger urban settlements like Sesvete
Sesvete
and Lučko and a number of smaller villages attached to it whose population is tracked separately. There are 70 settlements in the City of Zagreb administrative area:

* Adamovec , population 975 * Belovar , population 378 * Blaguša , population 594 * Botinec , population 9 * Brebernica , population 49 * Brezovica , population 594 * Budenec , population 323 * Buzin , population 1,055 * Cerje , population 398 * Demerje , population 721 * Desprim , population 377 * Dobrodol , population 1,203 * Donji Čehi , population 232 * Donji Dragonožec , population 577 * Donji Trpuci , population 428 * Drenčec , population 131 * Drežnik Brezovički , population 656 * Dumovec , population 903 * Đurđekovec , population 778 * Gajec , population 311 * Glavnica Donja , population 544 * Glavnica Gornja , population 226 * Glavničica , population 229 * Goli Breg , population 406 * Goranec , population 449 * Gornji Čehi , population 363 * Gornji Dragonožec , population 295 * Gornji Trpuci , population 87 * Grančari , population 221 * Havidić Selo , population 53 * Horvati , population 1,490 * Hrašće Turopoljsko , population 1,202 * Hrvatski Leskovac , population 2,687 * Hudi Bitek , population 441 * Ivanja Reka , population 1,800 * Jesenovec , population 460 * Ježdovec , population 1,728 * Kašina , population 1,548 * Kašinska Sopnica , population 245 * Kučilovina , population 219 * Kućanec , population 228 * Kupinečki Kraljevec , population 1,957 * Lipnica , population 207 * Lučko , population 3,010 * Lužan , population 719 * Mala Mlaka , population 636 * Markovo Polje , population 425 * Moravče , population 663 * Odra , population 1,866 * Odranski Obrež , population 1,578 * Paruževina , population 632 * Planina Donja , population 554 * Planina Gornja , population 247 * Popovec , population 937 * Prekvršje , population 809 * Prepuštovec , population 332 * Sesvete
Sesvete
, population 54,085 * Soblinec , population 978 * Starjak , population 227 * Strmec , population 645 * Šašinovec , population 678 * Šimunčevec , population 271 * Veliko Polje , population 1,668 * Vuger Selo , population 273 * Vugrovec Donji , population 442 * Vugrovec Gornji , population 357 * Vurnovec , population 201 * Zadvorsko , population 1,288 * ZAGREB, population 688,163 * Žerjavinec , population 556

ECONOMY

*

Neboder *

Sky Office Tower *

Zagrepčanka *

Centar Strojarska *

Eurotower *

Cibona Tower *

Zagrebtower *

HOTO Tower *

Panorama Hotel Zagreb
Zagreb
*

Green Gold Tower *

Chromos Tower *

Vjesnik

The most important branches of industry are: production of electrical machines and devices, chemical , pharmaceutical , textile , food and drink processing. Zagreb
Zagreb
is an international trade and business centre, as well as an essential transport hub placed at the crossroads of Central Europe
Central Europe
, the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and the Southeast Europe . Almost all of the largest Croatian as well as Central European companies and conglomerates such as Agrokor , INA , Hrvatski Telekom have their headquarters in the city.

The only Croatian stock exchange is the Zagreb
Zagreb
Stock Exchange (Croatian : _Zagrebačka burza_), which is located in Eurotower , one of the tallest Croatian skyscrapers .

According to 2008 data, the city of Zagreb
Zagreb
has the highest PPP and nominal gross domestic product per capita in Croatia
Croatia
at $32,185 and $27,271 respectively, compared to the Croatian averages of $ 18,686 and $15,758.

As of May 2015, the average monthly net salary in Zagreb
Zagreb
was 6,669 kuna , about € 870 (Croatian average is 5,679 kuna, about €740). At the end of 2012, the average unemployment rate in Zagreb
Zagreb
was around 9.5%. 34% of companies in Croatia
Croatia
have headquarters in Zagreb, and 38.4% of the Croatian workforce works in Zagreb, including almost all banks, utility and public transport companies.

Companies in Zagreb
Zagreb
create 52% of total turnover and 60% of total profit of Croatia
Croatia
in 2006 as well as 35% of Croatian export and 57% of Croatian import.

CITYSCAPE

*

Office buildings *

St. Mark\'s Square : Banski dvori ( Croatian Government residence), St. Mark\'s Church , Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
*

Sava
Sava
flowing through Zagreb.

The most important historical high-rise constructions are Neboder on Ban Jelačić Square , Cibona Tower (1987) and Zagrepčanka (1976) on Savska Street, Mamutica in Travno ( Novi Zagreb – istok district, built in 1974) and Zagreb TV Tower on Sljeme (built in 1973).

In the 2000s, the City Assembly approved a new plan that allowed for the many recent high-rise buildings in Zagreb, such as the Almeria Tower, Eurotower , HOTO Tower , Zagrebtower and one of the tallest skyscrapers Sky Office Tower .

In Novi Zagreb , the neighbourhoods of Blato and Lanište expanded significantly, including the Zagreb
Zagreb
Arena and the adjoining business centre.

Due to a long-standing restriction that forbade the construction of 10-story or higher buildings, most of Zagreb's high-rise buildings date from the 1970s and 1980s and new apartment buildings on the outskirts of the city are usually 4–8 floors tall. Exceptions to the restriction have been made in recent years, such as permitting the construction of high-rise buildings in Lanište or Kajzerica.

METROPOLITAN ADMINISTRATION

Zagreb
Zagreb
Old City Hall

According to the Constitution , the city of Zagreb, as the capital of Croatia
Croatia
, has a special status. As such, Zagreb
Zagreb
performs self-governing public affairs of both city and county . It is also the seat of the Zagreb County which encircles Zagreb.

The city administration bodies are the ZAGREB CITY ASSEMBLY (_Gradska skupština Grada Zagreba_) as the representative body and the MAYOR OF ZAGREB (_Gradonačelnik Grada Zagreba_) who is the executive head of the city.

The City Assembly is the representative body of the citizens of the City of Zagreb elected for a four-year term on the basis of universal suffrage in direct elections by secret ballot using proportional system with d\'Hondt method in a manner specified by law. There are 51 representatives in the City Assembly, among them president and vicepresidents of the assembly are elected by the representatives. Zagreb
Zagreb
City Administration

Prior to 2009, the mayor was elected by the City Assembly. It was changed to direct elections by majoritarian vote (two-round system ) in 2009. The mayor is the head of the city administration and has two deputies (directly elected together with him/her). The term of office of the mayor (and his/her deputies) is four years. The mayor (with the deputies) may be recalled by a referendum according to law (not less than 20% of all electors in the City of Zagreb has the right to initiate a city referendum regarding recalling of the mayor; when a majority of voters taking part in the referendum vote in favour of the recall, provided that majority includes not less than one third of all persons entitled to vote in the City of Zagreb, i.e. ⅓ of persons in the City of Zagreb electoral register , the mayor's mandate shall be deemed revoked and special mayoral by-elections shall be held).

In the City of Zagreb the mayor is also responsible for the state administration (due to the special status of Zagreb
Zagreb
as a "city with county rights", there isn't State Administration Office which in all counties performs tasks of the central government).

City administration offices, institutions and services (18 city offices , 1 public institute or bureau and 2 city services ) have been founded for performing activities within the self-administrative sphere and activities entrusted by the state administration. The city administrative bodies are managed by the principals (appointed by the mayor for a four-year term of office, may be appointed again to the same duty). The City Assembly Professional Service is managed by the secretary of the City Assembly (appointed by the Assembly).

Local government is organised in 17 city districts (or city borroughs ) represented by City District Councils. Residents of districts elect members of councils.

CITY GOVERNMENT

See also: List of mayors of Zagreb and Zagreb Assembly

The current mayor of Zagreb
Zagreb
is Milan Bandić (BM 365 –Labour and Solidarity Party ). He was confirmed as mayor on 4 June 2017 (Zagreb local elections 2017 , second round). Two deputy mayors (vice mayoresses) are Jelena Pavičić-Vukičević and Olivera Jurković-Majić.

The Zagreb Assembly is composed of 51 representatives. Last elections were held on 21 May 2017 ( Zagreb
Zagreb
local elections ). The current structure of the city assembly by party lines is as follows (21 May 2017):

POLITICAL PARTY NO. OF MEMBERS PER PARTY GRAPH

2017

SDP 7

HDZ 7

EH-NHR 5

BM 365 5

HSLS 3

HSU 3

Ind. Sandra Švaljek 2

HNS 1

HSS 1

NH-PS 1

NS-R 1

NL 1

RF 1

SMSH 1

ZG 1

ZN 1

ZL 1

Independent 9

NOTE: Out of 9 formally independent councilors, 6 were elected from the list led by BM 365 and 3 from the list led by the independent Sandra Švaljek . All 9 of them sit in the councilors' club of the party/independent list from which they were elected.

Source:

ELECTIONS

* Zagreb local elections, 2017 * Zagreb local elections, 2013 * Zagreb local elections, 2009 * Zagreb local elections, 2005

TRANSPORT

Main article: Transport in Zagreb

HIGHWAYS

Further information: Highways in Croatia
Croatia
Slavonska Avenue Roundabout in New Zagreb
Zagreb
- west

Zagreb
Zagreb
is the hub of five major Croatian highways.

The highway A6 was upgraded in October 2008 and leads from Zagreb
Zagreb
to Rijeka
Rijeka
, and forming a part of the Pan-European Corridor Vb. The upgrade coincided with the opening of the bridge over the Mura river on the A4 and the completion of the Hungarian M7 , which marked the opening of the first freeway corridor between Rijeka
Rijeka
and Budapest
Budapest
. The A1 starts at the Lučko interchange and concurs with the A6 up to the Bosiljevo 2 interchange , connecting Zagreb
Zagreb
and Split (As of October 2008 Vrgorac ). A further extension of the A1 up to Dubrovnik is under construction. Both highways are tolled by the Croatian highway authorities Hrvatske autoceste and Autocesta Rijeka
Rijeka
- Zagreb
Zagreb
.

Highway
Highway
A3 (formerly named Bratstvo i jedinstvo ) was the showpiece of Croatia
Croatia
in the SFRY . It is the oldest Croatian highway. A3 forms a part of the Pan-European Corridor X . The highway starts at the Bregana border crossing , bypasses Zagreb
Zagreb
forming the southern arch of the Zagreb bypass and ends at Lipovac near the Bajakovo border crossing. It continues in Southeast Europe in the direction of Near East . This highway is tolled except for the stretch between Bobovica and Ivanja Reka interchanges.

Highway
Highway
A2 is a part of the Corridor Xa . It connects Zagreb
Zagreb
and the frequently congested Macelj border crossing, forming a near-continuous motorway-level link between Zagreb
Zagreb
and Western Europe
Western Europe
. Forming a part of the Corridor Vb, highway A4 starts in Zagreb
Zagreb
forming the northeastern wing of the Zagreb bypass and leads to Hungary
Hungary
until the Goričan border crossing. It is often used highway around Zagreb.

The railway and the highway A3 along the Sava
Sava
river that extend to Slavonia (towards Slavonski Brod , Vinkovci , Osijek
Osijek
and Vukovar ) are some of the busiest traffic corridors in the country. The railway running along the Sutla river and the A2 highway (Zagreb- Macelj ) running through Zagorje , as well as traffic connections with the Pannonian region and Hungary
Hungary
(the Zagorje railroad, the roads and railway to Varaždin Čakovec and Koprivnica ) are linked with truck routes. The southern railway connection to Split operates on a high-speed tilting trains line via the Lika
Lika
region (renovated in 2004 to allow for a five-hour journey); a faster line along the Una river valley is currently in use only up to the border between Croatia
Croatia
and Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
.

ROADS

Homeland bridge

The city has an extensive avenue network with numerous main arteries up to ten lanes wide and Zagreb bypass , a congested four-lane highway encircling most of the city. Traffic jams and daytime parking space are a great problem in the wider city centre area during the rush hour . Finding a parking space is supposed to be made somewhat easier by the construction of new underground multi-story parking lots (Importanne Center, Importanne Gallery, Lang Square, Tuškanac, Kvaternik Square, Klaić Street, etc.). The busiest roads are the main east-west arteries, former Highway
Highway
"Brotherhood and Unity" , consisting of Ljubljanska Avenue , Zagrebačka Avenue and Slavonska Avenue ; and the Vukovarska Avenue, the closest bypass of the city centre. The avenues were supposed to alleviate traffic problem, but most of them are today gridlocked at rush hour and others, like Branimirova Avenue and Dubrovnik Avenue which are gridlocked for the whole day. See also: Zagreb bypass

Bridges

Zagreb
Zagreb
has seven road traffic bridges across the river Sava
Sava
, and they all span both the river and the levees , making them all by and large longer than 200 m (660 ft). In downstream order, these are:

NAME (ENGLISH) NAME (CROATIAN) YEAR FINISHED TYPE OF BRIDGE ROAD THAT GOES OVER OTHER INFORMATION

PODSUSED BRIDGE _Podsusedski most_ 1982 Two-lane road bridge with a commuter train line (not yet completed) Samoborska Road Connects Zagreb
Zagreb
to its close suburbs by a road to Samobor , the fastest route to Bestovje, Sveta Nedelja and Strmec.

JANKOMIR BRIDGE _Jankomirski most_ 1958, 2006 (upgrade) Four lane road bridge Ljubljanska Avenue Connects Ljubljanska Avenue to the Jankomir interchange and Zagreb bypass .

ADRIATIC BRIDGE _Jadranski most_ 1981 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Adriatic Avenue The most famous bridge in Zagreb. The bridge spans from Savska Street in the north to the Remetinec Roundabout in the south.

SAVA BRIDGE _Savski most_ 1938 Pedestrian since the construction of the Adriatic Bridge Savska Road The official name at the time of building was _New_ Sava
Sava
bridge, but it is the oldest still standing bridge over Sava
Sava
. The bridge is known among experts due to some construction details.

LIBERTY BRIDGE _Most slobode_ 1959 Four lane road bridge Većeslav Holjevac Avenue It used to hold a pair of bus lanes , but due to the increasing individual traffic and better tram connections across the river, those were converted to normal lanes.

YOUTH BRIDGE _Most mladosti_ 1974 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Marin Držić Avenue Connects eastern Novi Zagreb to the districts of Trnje , Peščenica , Donja Dubrava and Maksimir
Maksimir
.

HOMELAND BRIDGE _Domovinski most_ 2007 Four-lane road bridge (also carries two bicycle and two pedestrian lanes; has space reserved for light railroad tracks) Radnička (Workers\') Road This bridge is the last bridge built on Sava
Sava
to date; it links Peščenica via Radnička street to the Zagreb bypass at Kosnica. It is planned to continue towards Zagreb Airport at Pleso
Pleso
and Velika Gorica , and on to state road D31 going to the south.

There are also two rail traffic bridges across the Sava, one near the Sava
Sava
bridge and one near Mičevec , as well as two bridges that are part of the Zagreb bypass , one near Zaprešić (west), and the other near Ivanja Reka (east).

Two additional bridges across the river Sava
Sava
are proposed: Jarun Bridge and Bundek Bridge.

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Main Railway Station ZET tram and city bus Newest model of the Zagreb
Zagreb
city trains system New terminal of the Zagreb International Airport

Public transportation in the city is organised in several layers: the inner parts of the city are mostly covered by trams , the outer city areas and closer suburbs are linked with buses and rapid transit commuter rail .

The public transportation company ZET (_Zagrebački električni tramvaj_, Zagreb
Zagreb
Electric Tram) operates trams, all inner bus lines, and the most of the suburban bus lines, and it is subsidised by the city council.

The national rail operator Croatian Railways (_Hrvatske željeznice_, HŽ) runs a network of urban and suburban train lines in the metropolitan Zagreb
Zagreb
area, and is a government-owned corporation .

The funicular (_uspinjača_) in the historic part of the city is a tourist attraction .

Taxis are readily available through a network of around 3000 taxi vehicles, but this type of Zagreb's public transport hadn't been particularly popular among the residents until the end of the 2000s due to the monopoly of only one taxi company. In early 2010, numerous transport companies have been allowed to enter the market; consequently the prices significantly dropped whereas the service was immensely improved so the popularity of taxis in Zagreb
Zagreb
has been increasing from then onwards.

Tram
Tram
Network

Main article: Trams in Zagreb

Zagreb
Zagreb
has an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines covering much of the inner- and middle-suburbs of the city. The first tram line was opened on 5 September 1891 and trams have been serving as a vital component of Zagreb
Zagreb
mass transit ever since. Trams usually travel at speeds of 30–50 kilometres per hour (19–31 miles per hour), but slow considerably during rush hour . The network operates at the curb whereas on larger avenues its tracks are situated inside the green belts.

An ambitious program, which entailed replacing old trams with the new and modern ones built mostly in Zagreb
Zagreb
by companies Končar elektroindustrija and, to a lesser extent, by TŽV Gredelj , has recently been finished. The new "TMK 2200 ", trams by the end of 2012 made around 95% of the fleet.

Suburban Rail Network

Main article: Zagreb Commuter Rail

The commuter rail network in Zagreb
Zagreb
has existed since 1992. In 2005, suburban rail services were increased to a 15-minute frequency serving the middle and outer suburbs of Zagreb, primarily in the east-west direction and to the southern districts. This has enhanced the commuting opportunities across the city.

A new link to the nearby town of Samobor has been announced and is due to start construction in 2014. This link will be standard-gauge and tie in with normal Croatian Railways operations. The previous narrow-gauge line to Samobor called _ Samoborček _ was closed in the 1970s.

AIR TRAFFIC

Main article: Zagreb International Airport

Zagreb Airport (IATA : ZAG, ICAO : LDZA) is the main Croatian international airport, a 17 km (11 mi) drive southeast of Zagreb
Zagreb
in the city of Velika Gorica . The airport is also the main Croatian airbase featuring a fighter squadron, helicopters, as well as military and freight transport aircraft . The airport had 2,77 millions of passengers in 2016 with a new passenger terminal being opened in late March 2017 that can accommodate up to 5,5 million passengers.

Zagreb
Zagreb
also has a second, smaller airport, Lučko (ICAO : LDZL). It is home to sports aeroplanes and a Croatian special police unit, as well as being a military helicopter airbase. Lučko used to be the main airport of Zagreb
Zagreb
from 1947 to 1959.

A third, small grass airfield, Buševec, is located just outside Velika Gorica . It is primarily used for sports purposes.

CULTURAL SITES

MUSEUMS

Croatian State Archives Mimara Museum Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts Meštrović Pavilion Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Art

Zagreb's numerous museums reflect the history, art and culture not only of Zagreb
Zagreb
and Croatia, but also of Europe and the world. Around thirty collections in museums and galleries comprise more than 3.6 million various exhibits, excluding church and private collections.

The ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM (19 Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square) collections, today consisting of nearly 450,000 varied archaeological artefacts and monuments, have been gathered over the years from many different sources. These holdings include evidence of Croatian presence in the area. The most famous are the Egyptian collection, the Zagreb
Zagreb
mummy and bandages with the oldest Etruscan inscription in the world (_ Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis_), as well as the numismatic collection.

MODERN GALLERY (Croatian : _Moderna galerija_) holds the most important and comprehensive collection of paintings , sculptures and drawings by 19th- and 20th-century Croatian artists. The collection numbers more than 10,000 works of art, housed since 1934 in the historic Vranyczany Palace in the centre of Zageb, overlooking the Zrinjevac Park. A secondary gallery is the Josip Račić Studio at Margaretska 3.

CROATIAN NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM (1 Demetrova Street) holds one of the world's most important collection of Neanderthal
Neanderthal
remains found at one site. These are the remains, stone weapons and tools of prehistoric _ Krapina
Krapina
man_. The holdings of the Croatian Natural History Museum comprise more than 250,000 specimens distributed among various collections.

TECHNICAL MUSEUM (18 Savska Street) was founded in 1954 and it maintains the oldest preserved machine in the area, dating from 1830, which is still operational. The museum exhibits numerous historic aircraft, cars, machinery and equipment. There are some distinct sections in the museum: the Planetarium, the Apisarium, the Mine (model of mines for coal, iron and non-ferrous metals , about 300 m (980 ft) long), and the Nikola Tesla study.

MUSEUM OF THE CITY OF ZAGREB (20 Opatička Street) was established in 1907 by the Association of the Braća Hrvatskog Zmaja. It is located in a restored monumental complex (Popov toranj, the Observatory, Zakmardi Granary) of the former Convent of the Poor Clares
Poor Clares
, of 1650. The Museum
Museum
deals with topics from the cultural, artistic, economic and political history of the city spanning from Roman finds to the modern period . The holdings comprise over 80,000 items arranged systematically into collections of artistic and mundane objects characteristic of the city and its history.

ARTS AND CRAFTS MUSEUM (10 Marshal Tito Square ) was founded in 1880 with the intention of preserving the works of art and craft against the new predominance of industrial products. With its 160,000 exhibits, the Arts and Crafts Museum
Museum
is a national-level museum for artistic production and the history of material culture in Croatia.

ETHNOGRAPHIC MUSEUM (14 Ivan Mažuranić Square) was founded in 1919. It lies in the fine Secession building of the one-time Trades Hall of 1903. The ample holdings of about 80,000 items cover the ethnographic heritage of Croatia, classified in the three cultural zones: the Pannonian, Dinaric and Adriatic.

MIMARA MUSEUM (5 Roosevelt Square) was founded with a donation from Ante "Mimara" Topić and opened to the public in 1987. It is located in a late 19th-century neo- Renaissance
Renaissance
palace. The holdings comprise 3,750 works of art of various techniques and materials, and different cultures and civilisations.

CROATIAN MUSEUM OF NAïVE ART (works by Croatian primitivists at 3 Ćirilometodska Street) is one of the first museums of naïve art in the world. The museum holds works of Croatian naïve expression of the 20th century. It is located in the 18th-century Raffay Palace in the Gornji Grad . The museum holdings consist of almost 2000 works of art – paintings, sculptures, drawings and prints, mainly by Croatians but also by other well-known world artists. From time to time, the museum organises topics and retrospective exhibitions by naïve artists, expert meetings and educational workshops and playrooms.

The MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART was founded in 1954. Its new building hosts a rich collection of Croatian and international contemporary visual art which has been collected throughout the decades from the nineteen-fifties till today. The museum is located in the centre of Novi Zagreb , opened in 2009. The old location, 2 St. Catherine's Square, is part of the Kulmer Palace in the Gornji Grad .

OTHER MUSEUMS AND GALLERIES Valuable historical collections are also found in the Croatian School
School
Museum, the Croatian Hunting
Hunting
Museum, the Croatian Sports Museum, the Croatian Post and Telecommunications Museum, the HAZU ( Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts ) Glyptotheque (collection of monuments), and the HAZU Graphics Cabinet.

The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters (11 Zrinski Square) offers permanent holdings presenting European paintings from the 14th to 19th centuries, and the Ivan Meštrović Studio, (8 Mletačka Street) with sculptures, drawings, lithography portfolios and other items, was a donation of this great artist to his homeland The Museum
Museum
and Gallery Center (4 Jesuit Square) introduces on various occasions the Croatian and foreign cultural and artistic heritage. The Art Pavilion (22 King Tomislav Square) by Viennese architects Hellmer and Fellmer who were the most famous designers of theatres in Central Europe
Central Europe
is a neo-classical exhibition complex and one of the landmarks of the downtown. The exhibitions are also held in the impressive Meštrović building on Žrtava Fašizma Square — the Home of Croatian Fine Artists . The World Center "Wonder of Croatian Naïve Art" (12 Ban Jelačić Square ) exhibits masterpieces of Croatian naïve art as well as the works of a new generation of artists. The Modern Gallery (1 Hebrangova Street) comprises all relevant fine artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.

The Museum
Museum
of Broken Relationships at 2 Ćirilometodska holds people's mementos of past relationships. It is the first private museum in the country.

Lauba House (23a Baruna Filipovića) presents works from Filip Trade Collection , a large private collection of modern and contemporary Croatian art and current artistic production.

EVENTS

Croatian National Theatre (HNK) Golden Pram award of the Zagreb Film Festival

Zagreb
Zagreb
has been, and is, hosting some of the most popular mainstream artists, in the past few years their concerts held the Rolling Stones , U2 , Eric Clapton , Deep Purple
Deep Purple
, Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
, David Bowie
David Bowie
, Roger Waters , Depeche Mode , Prodigy , Beyoncé , Nick Cave , Jamiroquai , Manu Chao , Massive Attack , Metallica , Snoop Dogg , Lady Gaga as well as some of world most recognised underground artists such as Dimmu Borgir , Sepultura , Melvins , Mastodon
Mastodon
and many more. Zagreb
Zagreb
is also a home of the INmusic festival , one of the biggest open air festivals in Croatia
Croatia
which is being held every year, usually at the end of June. There are also many jazz festivals like Zagreb
Zagreb
Jazz Festival which was the host for some of the most popular artists from world jazz scene like Pat Metheny or Sonny Rollins just to name a few. Zagreb
Zagreb
is also home of many others club festivals like Žedno uho where many of indie, rock, metal and electronica artists like Animal Collective , Melvins , Butthole Surfers , Crippled Black Phoenix
Crippled Black Phoenix
, NoMeansNo , The National (band) , Mark Lanegan , Swans (band) , Mudhoney etc. made there performances around the clubs and concert halls of Zagreb. This is mostly recognised because of the city's location, and its good traffic relations with other neighbouring European capital cities such as Vienna
Vienna
and Budapest. This is the effort of Zagreb
Zagreb
community to increase the percentage of tourist visits during the summer time, as Croatia, in generally, is a popular destination for many people around the globe during the vacation period.

PERFORMING ARTS

There are about 20 permanent or seasonal theatres and stages. The Croatian National Theater in Zagreb
Zagreb
was built in 1895 and opened by emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria . The most renowned concert hall named "Vatroslav Lisinski ", after the composer of the first Croatian opera, was built in 1973.

_Animafest_, the World Festival of Animated Films , takes place every even-numbered year, and the _Music Biennale_, the international festival of avant-garde music , every odd-numbered year. It also hosts the annual _ ZagrebDox _ documentary film festival. The _Festival of the Zagreb
Zagreb
Philharmonic _ and the flowers exhibition _Floraart_ (end of May or beginning of June), the _Old-timer Rally_ annual events. In the summer, theatre performances and concerts, mostly in the Upper Town, are organised either indoors or outdoors. The stage on Opatovina hosts the _ Zagreb
Zagreb
Histrionic Summer_ theatre events.

Zagreb
Zagreb
is also the host of _Zagrebfest_, the oldest Croatian pop-music festival , as well as of several traditional international sports events and tournaments. The _Day of the City of Zagreb_ on 16 November is celebrated every year with special festivities, especially on the Jarun lake in the southwestern part of the city.

EDUCATION

Zagreb
Zagreb
University Further information: List of high schools in Zagreb
Zagreb

Zagreb
Zagreb
has 136 primary schools and 100 secondary schools including 30 gymnasia . There are 5 public higher education institution and 9 private professional higher education schools.

UNIVERSITY

Main article: University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
Further information: List of universities in Croatia
Croatia

Founded in 1669, the University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
is the oldest continuously operating university in Croatia
Croatia
and one of the largest and oldest universities in the Southeastern Europe. Ever since its foundation, the university has been continually growing and developing and now consists of 29 faculties, three art academies and the Croatian Studies Centre. More than 200,000 students have attained the Bachelor\'s degree at the university, which has also assigned 18,000 Master\'s and 8,000 Doctor\'s degrees . As of 2011 , the University of Zagreb
Zagreb
is ranked among 500 Best Universities of the world by the Shanghai
Shanghai
Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Zagreb
Zagreb
is also the seat of two private universities: the Catholic University of Croatia
Croatia
and the Libertas International University; as well as numerous public and private polytehnics, colleges and higher professional schools.

RELIGIOUS ORGANISATIONS

* Churches

*

Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
interior *

Greek Catholic Co-cathedral of Saints Cyril and Methodius *

Church of St. Mary of Remete *

Serbian Orthodox Cathedral *

St. Catherine church *

Evangelical Lutheran Church *

Islamic Center

The Archdiocese of Zagreb
Zagreb
is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Croatia
Croatia
, serving as its religious centre. The current Archbishop is Josip Cardinal Bozanić . The Catholic Church is the largest religious organisation in Zagreb, Catholicism being the predominant religion of Croatia, with over 1.1 million adherents. Zagreb
Zagreb
is also the Episcopal see of the Metropolitanate of Zagreb
Zagreb
and Ljubljana
Ljubljana
of the Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Orthodox Church
. Islamic religious organisation of Croatia
Croatia
has the see in Zagreb. Current president is Mufti Aziz Hasanović. There used to be a mosque in the Meštrović Pavilion during World War II
World War II
at the Žrtava Fašizma Square, but it was relocated to the neighbourhood of Borovje in Peščenica . Mainstream Protestant churches have also been present in Zagreb
Zagreb
– Evangelical (Lutheran) Church and Reformed Christian (Calvinist) Church. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is also present in the Zagreb
Zagreb
neighbourhood of Jarun whereas Jehovah's Witnesses have their headquarters in Central Zagreb. In total there are around 40 non-Catholic religious organisations and denominations in Zagreb
Zagreb
with their headquarters and places of worship across the city making it a large and diverse multicultural community.

SURROUNDINGS

Further information: Zagreb County , Krapina–Zagorje County , and Sisak–Moslavina County Shrine of the Homeland
Homeland
Medvedgrad
Medvedgrad
fortress

The wider Zagreb
Zagreb
area has been continuously inhabited since the prehistoric period, as witnessed by archaeological findings in the Veternica cave from the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
and excavation of the remains of the Roman Andautonia near the present village of Šćitarjevo.

Picturesque former villages on the slopes of Medvednica, Šestine, Gračani and Remete, maintain their rich traditions , including folk costumes, Šestine umbrellas, and gingerbread products.

To the north is the Medvednica
Medvednica
Mountain (Croatian : _Zagrebačka gora_), with its highest peak Sljeme (1,035 m), where one of the tallest structures in Croatia, Zagreb TV Tower is located. The Sava and the Kupa valleys are to the south of Zagreb, and the region of Hrvatsko Zagorje is located on the other (northern) side of the Medvednica
Medvednica
hill. In mid-January 2005, Sljeme held its first World Ski Championship tournament .

From the summit, weather permitting, the vista reaches as far as Velebit Range along Croatia's rocky northern coast, as well as the snow-capped peaks of the towering Julian Alps
Julian Alps
in neighbouring Slovenia . There are several lodging villages, offering accommodation and restaurants for hikers. Skiers visit Sljeme, which has four ski-runs, three ski-lifts and a chairlift.

The old Medvedgrad
Medvedgrad
, a recently restored medieval burg was built in the 13th century on Medvednica
Medvednica
hill. It overlooks the western part of the city and also hosts the _Shrine of the Homeland_, a memorial with an eternal flame , where Croatia
Croatia
pays reverence to all its heroes fallen for homeland in its history, customarily on national holidays . The ruined medieval fortress Susedgrad is located on far-western side of Medvednica
Medvednica
hill. It has been abandoned since the early 17th century, but it is visited during the year.

Zagreb
Zagreb
occasionally experiences earthquakes, due to the proximity of Žumberak - Medvednica
Medvednica
fault zone. It's classified as an area of high seismic activity. The area around Medvednica
Medvednica
was the epicentre of the 1880 Zagreb earthquake (magnitude 6.3), and the area is known for occasional landslide threatening houses in the area. The proximity of strong seismic sources presents a real danger of strong earthquakes. Croatian Chief of Office of Emergency Management Pavle Kalinić stated Zagreb
Zagreb
experiences around 400 earthquakes a year, most of them being imperceptible. However, in case of a strong earthquake, it's expected that 3,000 people would die and up to 15,000 would be wounded.

TOURISM

Zagreb
Zagreb
is an important tourist centre, not only in terms of passengers travelling from the rest of Europe to the Adriatic Sea, but also as a travel destination itself. Since the end of the war , it has attracted close to a million visitors annually, mainly from Austria
Austria
, Germany
Germany
and Italy
Italy
. However, the city has even greater potential as many tourists that visit Croatia
Croatia
skip Zagreb
Zagreb
in order to visit the beaches along the Croatian Adriatic coast and old historic Renaissance cities such as Dubrovnik , Split , and Zadar
Zadar
. There are many interesting things for tourists in Zagreb, for example, the two statues of Saint George, one at the Marshal Tito Square , the other at Kamenita vrata , where the image of Virgin Mary is said to be only thing that hasn't burned in the 17th-century fire. Also, there is an art installation starting in Bogovićeva street, called Nine Views . Most people don't know what the statue "Prizemljeno Sunce" (The Grounded Sun) is for, and just scrawl graffiti or signatures on it, but it's actually the Sun scaled down, with many planets situated all over Zagreb
Zagreb
in scale with the Sun.

* Zagreb
Zagreb
sights

*

Zagreb
Zagreb
during Christmas time *

Zagreb
Zagreb
Funicular
Funicular
*

Zrinjevac *

The Upper Town *

Sljeme cable car *

Mirogoj Cemetery *

Hotel Esplanade *

Red panda at the Zagreb Zoo *

Štrukli

The historical part of the city to the north of Ban Jelačić Square is composed of the Gornji Grad and Kaptol , a medieval urban complex of churches, palaces, museums, galleries and government buildings that are popular with tourists on sightseeing tours. The historic district can be reached on foot, starting from Jelačić Square , the centre of Zagreb, or by a funicular on nearby Tomićeva Street. Each Saturday, (from April till the end of September), on St. Mark\'s Square in the Upper town , tourists can meet members of the Order of The Silver Dragon (Red Srebrnog Zmaja), who reenact famous historical conflicts between Gradec and Kaptol . It's a great opportunity for all visitors to take photographs of authentic and fully functional historical replicas of medieval armour.

In 2010 more than 600,000 tourists visited the city, with a 10% increase seen in 2011. In 2012 a total of 675 707 tourists visited the city. The record number of tourists visited Zagreb
Zagreb
in 2015. – 1.02 million, up 12% compared to the year before.

SOUVENIRS AND GASTRONOMY

Licitar hearts , a popular souvenir

Numerous shops, boutiques, store houses and shopping centres offer a variety of quality clothing. There are about fourteen big shopping centres in Zagreb. Zagreb's offerings include crystal , china and ceramics , wicker or straw baskets, and top-quality Croatian wines and gastronomic products.

Notable Zagreb
Zagreb
souvenirs are the tie or _cravat_, an accessory named after Croats
Croats
who wore characteristic scarves around their necks in the Thirty Years\' War in the 17th century and the ball-point pen , a tool developed from the inventions by Slavoljub Eduard Penkala , an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb.

Many Zagreb
Zagreb
restaurants offer various specialties of national and international cuisine . Domestic products which deserve to be tasted include turkey, duck or goose with _mlinci _ (a kind of pasta ), _štrukli_ (cottage cheese strudel ), _sir i vrhnje_ (cottage cheese with cream), _kremšnite_ (custard slices in flaky pastry), and _orehnjača_ (traditional walnut roll).

RECREATION AND SPORTS

Arena Zagreb Maksimir
Maksimir
Stadium Jarun Lake Dražen Petrović Basketball Hall Dom sportova

Zagreb
Zagreb
is home to numerous sports and recreational centres. Recreational Sports Center Jarun, situated on Jarun Lake in the southwest of the city, has fine shingle beaches, a world-class regatta course, a jogging lane around the lake, several restaurants, many night clubs and a discothèque . Its sports and recreation opportunities include swimming, sunbathing, waterskiing, angling and other water sports , but also beach volleyball , football, basketball, handball, table tennis, and mini-golf .

Dom Sportova , a sport centre in northern Trešnjevka features six halls. The largest two have seating capacity of 5,000 and 3,100 people, respectively. This centre is used for basketball, handball, volleyball, hockey, gymnastics, tennis, etc. It also hosts music events.

Arena Zagreb was finished in 2008. The 16,500-seat arena hosted the 2009 World Men\'s Handball Championship . The Dražen Petrović Basketball
Basketball
Hall seats 5,400 people. Alongside the hall is the 94-metre (308 ft) high glass Cibona Tower . Sports Park Mladost , situated on the embankment of the Sava
Sava
river, has an Olympic-size swimming pool , smaller indoor and outdoor swimming pools , a sunbathing terrace, 16 tennis courts as well as basketball , volleyball , handball , football and field hockey courts. A volleyball sports hall is within the park. Sports and Recreational Center Šalata, located in Šalata , only a couple hundred meters from the Jelačić Square , is most attractive for tennis players. It comprises a big tennis court and eight smaller ones, two of which are covered by the so-called "balloon", and another two equipped with lights. The centre also has swimming pools, basketball courts, football fields, a gym and fitness centre, and a four-lane bowling alley. Outdoor ice skating is a popular winter recreation. There are also several fine restaurants within and near the centre.

Maksimir
Maksimir
Tennis
Tennis
Center, located in Ravnice east of downtown , consists of two sports blocks. The first comprises a tennis centre situated in a large tennis hall with four courts. There are 22 outdoor tennis courts with lights. The other block offers multipurpose sports facilities: apart from tennis courts, there are handball, basketball and indoor football grounds, as well as track and field facilities, a bocci ball alley and table tennis opportunities.

Recreational swimmers can enjoy a smaller-size indoor swimming pool in Daničićeva Street, and a newly opened indoor Olympic-size pool at Utrine sports centre in Novi Zagreb. Skaters can skate in the skating rink on Trg Sportova (Sports Square) and on the lake Jarun Skaters' park. Hippodrome
Hippodrome
Zagreb
Zagreb
offers recreational horseback riding opportunities, while horse races are held every weekend during the warmer part of the year.

The 38,923 -seat Maksimir
Maksimir
Stadium , last 10 years under renovation, is located in Maksimir
Maksimir
in the northeastern part of the city. The stadium is part of the immense Svetice recreational and sports complex (ŠRC Svetice), south of the Maksimir
Maksimir
Park. The complex covers an area of 276,440 m2 (68 acres). It is part of a significant Green Zone , which passes from Medvednica
Medvednica
Mountains in the north toward the south. ŠRC Svetice, together with Maksimir
Maksimir
Park, creates an ideal connection of areas which are assigned to sport, recreation and leisure.

The latest larger recreational facility is Bundek , a group of two small lakes near the Sava
Sava
in Novi Zagreb , surrounded by a partly forested park. The location had been used prior to the 1970s, but then went to neglect until 2006 when it was renovated.

Some of the most notable sport clubs in Zagreb
Zagreb
are: NK Dinamo Zagreb , KHL Medveščak Zagreb , RK Zagreb , KK Cibona , KK Zagreb , KK Cedevita , NK Zagreb , HAVK Mladost and others. The city hosted the 2016 Davis Cup World Group final between Croatia
Croatia
and Argentina
Argentina
.

GALLERY

* Zagreb
Zagreb
sights

*

Banski dvori *

Kamenita vrata *

St. Mark\'s Square *

Serbian Orthodox Cathedral *

Upper Town *

Brain Institute *

Zagreb Cathedral
Zagreb Cathedral
from air *

Academy of Music *

Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall *

National and University Library in Zagreb
National and University Library in Zagreb
*

ŠRC Šalata swimming pool *

INA headquarters

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia
Croatia

TWIN TOWNS — SISTER CITIES

Zagreb
Zagreb
is twinned with the following towns and cities:

* _ Bologna
Bologna
, Italy
Italy
(since 1963)_ * _ Mainz
Mainz
, Germany
Germany
(since 1967)_ * _ Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
, Russia
Russia
(since 1968)_ * _ Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
, India
India
(since 1969)_ * _ Tromsø , Norway
Norway
(since 1971)_ * _ Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
, Argentina
Argentina
(since 1972)_ * _ Kyoto
Kyoto
, Japan
Japan
(since 1972)_ * _ Lisbon
Lisbon
, Portugal
Portugal
(since 1977)_ * _ Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, USA (since 1980)_ * _ Shanghai
Shanghai
, China
China
(since 1980)_ * _ Budapest
Budapest
, Hungary
Hungary
(since 1994)_ * _ La Paz
La Paz
, Bolivia
Bolivia
(since 2000)_ * _ Sarajevo
Sarajevo
, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(since 2001)_ * _ Ljubljana
Ljubljana
, Slovenia
Slovenia
(since 2001)_ * _ Podgorica , Montenegro
Montenegro
(since 2006)_ * _ Tabriz
Tabriz
, Iran
Iran
(since 2006)_ * _ Skopje
Skopje
, Macedonia (since 2011)_ * _ London
London
, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(since 2009)_ * _ Prizren
Prizren
, Kosovo
Kosovo
(since 2010)_ * _ Warsaw
Warsaw
, Poland
Poland
(since 2011)_ * _ Astana
Astana
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(since 2014)_ * Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
(since 2014) * Vienna
Vienna
, Austria
Austria
(since 2014) * Petrinja , Croatia
Croatia
(since 2015) * Vukovar , Croatia
Croatia
(since 2016)

* Ankara
Ankara
, Turkey
Turkey
(since 2008)

PARTNER CITIES

The city has partnership arrangements with:

* _ Kraków in Poland
Poland
(since 1975)_ * Tirana
Tirana
, Albania
Albania
.

SEE ALSO

* Geography portal * Europe portal * Croatia
Croatia
portal

REFERENCES

FOOTNOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ from the household census * ^ population census without clergy and nobility

* ^ Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia
Serbia
. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory . The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels
Brussels
Agreement . Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states .

CITATIONS

* ^ "City of zagreb 2006". City of Zagreb, Statistics Department. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2008. * ^ "Statistički ljetopis Grada Zagreba 2007" (PDF) (in Croatian and English). 2013. ISSN 1330-3678 . Retrieved 12 November 2008. * ^ "City Population". * ^ _A_ _B_ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: City of Zagreb". _Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011_. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics
Croatian Bureau of Statistics
. December 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Population by age and sex, by districts of City of Zagreb" (HTML). _Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011_. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics
Croatian Bureau of Statistics
. December 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2014. * ^ "Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
Population". _Population.City_. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2017. * ^ "Hrvatski jezični portal". Retrieved 23 March 2015. * ^ "Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
službene stranice". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "OSNOVNI PODACI O GRADU ZAGREBU". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Zagreb, Zagreb... - ZPR - FER". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "KONTINGENTI STANOVNIŠTVA PO GRADOVIMA/OPĆINAMA, POPIS 2011".

* ^ "Arheološki park ANDAUTONIJA". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Arheološki park ANDAUTONIJA u Ščitarjevu - Arheološki muzej u Zagrebu". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Povijest - Andautonija". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Andautonija - Turistička zajednica Zagrebačke županije". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Muzej grada Zagreba - 5. Slobodni kraljevski grad na Gradecu". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Kralj Bela IV Gradecu izdao Zlatnu bulu kojom je postao slobodni kraljevski grad". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "slobodni kraljevski gradovi i trgovišta Hrvatska enciklopedija". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "slobodni kraljevski gradec - Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
službene stranice". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Zlatna bula Bele IV. - Hrvatska enciklopedija". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Zagrebački gradonačelnici - Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
službene stranice". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Popis gradonačelnika grada Zagreba / ZGportal Zagreb". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Izabran prvi zagrebački gradonačelnik u povijesti – 1851.". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "15. svibnja 1851. – tko je bio prvi gradonačelnik Zagreba? – narod.hr". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Zagrebačka industrijska baština 1918.-1945". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Kakav je status Grada Zagreba? - Ministarstvo uprave". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Popis županija, gradova i općina". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Sustav lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Zakon o Gradu Zagrebu - Zakon.hr". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Gradske četvrti - Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
službene stranice". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Gradske četvrti grada Zagreba / ZGportal Zagreb". Retrieved 21 June 2017. * ^ "Doznajte kako su glasale pojedine gradske četvrti Zagreba - Dnevnik.hr". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Gradska četvrt Podsljeme - Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
službene stranice". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Karta Podsljeme - Zagreb
Zagreb
- Karta Zagreba". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Gradska četvrt Podsljeme / ZGportal Zagreb". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Udaljenost Sesvete
Sesvete
- Zagreb
Zagreb
- Udaljenosti.com". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ . Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Sesvete
Sesvete
- Karta Zagreba". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Medvednica
Medvednica
/ Simboli grada Zagreba / ZGportal Zagreb". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
- Google Karte". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Karta Zagreba". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
– naša metropola". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
- moderna metropola bogate povijesti - HUP Zagreb". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
- Velegrad zelenog srca - Jutarnji List". Retrieved 21 June 2017. * ^ "Republika Grad Zagreb
Zagreb
- STav". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Unitarna i centralizirana Hrvatska zrela za redizajn - Glas Slavonije". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Sindikati traže izdvajanje Grada Zagreba iz statističke podjele RH". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ _Zagrabia_ in Giovanni Giacomo de Rossi 's _Mercurio Geografico_ (_ Dalmatia Istria Bosnia Servia Croatia
Croatia
parte di Schiavonia _, Rome, c. 1692; swaen.com). * ^ Cod. Dipl. II 42: _rex diuina gratia inspirante ... Zagrabiensem constituit episcopatum videlicet ut quos error idolatrie a dei cultura extraneos fecerat, episcopalis cuira ad viam veritatis reduceret._ Mladen ANČIĆ, "Dva teksta iz sredine 14. stoljeća. Prilog poznavanju „društvenog znanja“ u Hrvatskom Kraljevstvu ("Two works from the middle of the 14th century: Contribution to the understanding of “social knowledge” in the Croatian Kingdom") _Starohrvatska prosvjeta_ III.40 (2013). * ^ _A_ _B_ Gyula Desy in: Jean-Claude Boulanger (ed.) _Actes du XVIe Congrès international des sciences onomastiques: Québec, Université Laval, 16-22 août 1987 : le nom propre au carrefour des études humaines et des sciences sociales_, Presses Université Laval (1990), p. 202. * ^ "Neke praslavenske riječi u hrvatskome - Hrčak - Srce". Retrieved 10 July 2017. * ^ Frank Moore Colby, Talcott Williams Dodd, _The New International Encyclopaedia_, Volume 1, 1918, p. 239. * ^ Nikola Štambak, _Zagreb_ (2004), p. 77. * ^ "‘BILA JEDNOM MANDA BAJNA, GRABILA JE IZ BUNARA’ Legenda o Manduševcu i nastanku imena Zagreb". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "LEGENDA O IMENU ZAGREBA: Što se krije iza priče o Mandi i žednom junaku?". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Poznate i nepoznate legende o Zagrebu i okolici! - Narodni.NET". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Manduševac, fontana po kojoj je Zagreb
Zagreb
dobio ime". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
nije oduvijek bio Zagreb. Znate li kako se zvao? - Večernji.hr". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Legend about Zagreb". Croatian National Tourist Board. Retrieved on 12 November 2008. * ^ "The Roman town of Andautonia". _ Andautonia Archaeological Park_. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2008. * ^ "Ban Josip Jelačić". _hrt.hr_ (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision . Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. * ^ Sluzbeni List. "Deklaraciju o proglašenju suverene i samostalne Republike Hrvatske (Declaration on the Sovereignty and Independence of the Croatian Republic)". _narodne-novine.nn.hr_. Retrieved 27 May 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "The city of Zagreb". _hrt.hr_. Croatian Radiotelevision . Archived from the original on 17 January 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ Maretić, Mirko (10 January 2008). "O imaginarnim kartama Južnog= Novog Zagreba". _Zarez_ (in Croatian) (№ 222). Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 25 February 2009. * ^ "SAS Output". Dzs.hr. Retrieved 15 September 2011. * ^ "Statistički ljetopis Grada Zagreba 2007. – 2. Stanovništvo" (PDF) (in Croatian and English). 2007. ISSN 1330-3678 . Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Zagreb
Zagreb
Climate Normals" (PDF). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 2 December 2015. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
Climate Data". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Mjesečne vrijednosti za Zagreb
Zagreb
Maksimir
Maksimir
u razdoblju1949−2014" (in Croatian). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service . Retrieved 3 December 2015. * ^ "Zagreb, Croatia
Croatia
- Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved 9 March 2017. * ^ Zagreb
Zagreb
city council (2011). "GRADSKI URED ZA STRATEGIJSKO PLANIRANJE I RAZVOJ GRADA – Odjel za statistiku". _www1.zagreb.hr_. Retrieved 16 June 2011. * ^ About Croatia
Croatia
(2011). "About Croatia
Croatia
– Population of Croatia". _Information provided by the Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics_. Retrieved 16 June 2011. * ^ City Mayors & Tann vom Hove (2010). "City Mayors: Largest cities and their mayors in 2011 (Countries A-D)". _citymayors.com_. Retrieved 29 June 2011. City Mayors & Tann vom Hove * ^ Sić, Miroslav (2007). "Spatial and functional changes in recent urban development of Zagreb" (PDF). Delo . Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2008. * ^ Narodne novine 62/01, 125/08 * ^ "Population by Ethnicity, By Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census". _Census 2011_. Croatian Bureau of Statistics
Croatian Bureau of Statistics
. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ " City of Zagreb – Population by districts". _Census 2001_. Croatian Bureau of Statistics
Croatian Bureau of Statistics
. Retrieved 20 January 2011. * ^ "zagreb.hr – Local self-government". Retrieved 28 September 2016. * ^ "About Zagreb
Zagreb
Economy". Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
– City Office for Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship". Archived from the original on 20 July 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2012. * ^ "Prosječna plaća u Zagrebu 990 kuna viša od hrvatskog prosjeka". Index.hr . Retrieved 31 January 2016. * ^ Foto: Marijan Sušenj/PIXSELL. "Znate li koliko iznosi prosječna plaća u Hrvatskoj? – Vijesti – hrvatska – Večernji list". Vecernji.hr. Retrieved 5 May 2014. * ^ "Službene stranice Grada Zagreba – Zaposlenost i nezaposlenost". Zagreb.hr. 5 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014. * ^ "CENTRALIZIRANA HRVATSKA Analiza Jutarnjeg - zaposleni Zagrepčani primaju 50 posto veće plaće od Varaždinaca!". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Centralizacija: Zagreb
Zagreb
troši triput više od Rijeke, Splita i Osijeka zajedno". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Grabar Kitarović: Demografska slika Hrvatske je ogroman problem". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Gospodarstvo Grada Zagreba i Zagrebačke županije" (PDF). _Croatian Chamber of Economy_ (in Croatian). 11 December 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008. * ^ "Economic Profile of Zagreb
Zagreb
Chamber of Commerce" (in Croatian). Croatian Chamber of Commerce, Zagreb
Zagreb
Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
hoteli – putovanje u Zagreb". _Blogger_ (in Croatian). 19 December 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2015. * ^ "Sky Office – Zagreb". _Sky Office_ (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 17 August 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015. * ^ "Sky Office Tower, Zagreb". _Empoirs_. Retrieved 27 August 2015. * ^ "Blato i Lanište postaju najsuvremeniji dio Zagreba?". _novi-zagreb.hr_ (in Croatian). 28 March 2008. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2008. * ^ "Na Laništu gradnja iznad 9 katova". _Javno.hr_ (in Croatian). 21 June 2007. Archived from the original on 15 January 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2009. * ^ "zagreb.hr – Zagreb
Zagreb
in brief (City administration)". Retrieved 29 September 2016. * ^ "zagreb.hr – Političke stranke u Gradskoj skupštini (The Political parties structure)". Retrieved 2 March 2017. * ^ http://www.skupstina.zagreb.hr/default.aspx?id=605 * ^ "From Zagreb
Zagreb
to Rijeka
Rijeka
in an hour". _Product of Croatia_. 22 October 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008. * ^ "Avtocesta Bratstvo in enotnost" (in Slovenian). Zbirka.si. Retrieved 27 August 2015. * ^ "Vremeplov" (in Serbian). Radio Television of Serbia
Serbia
. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2015. * ^ "Autocesta A3 - Bregana–Zagreb–Lipovac" (PDF). Hrvatske autoceste. 3 July 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2017. * ^ "South East Europe Core Regional Transport Network Development Plan". _South-East Europe Transport Observatory_. May 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2008. * ^ "Project appraisal document on a proposed loan to the Republic of Croatia" (PDF). _The World Bank _. 27 September 2000. Retrieved 13 November 2008. * ^ "Autocesta koja koči Hrvatsku". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
Transportation". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Izvješće o mreži". _ Croatian Railways _ (in Croatian). 2009. p. 67. Retrieved 13 November 2008. * ^ Pupačić, Tomislav (20 September 2004). "Nagibni vlakovi više nisu nagibni". _ Vjesnik _ (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2008. * ^ "PROMETNI KOLAPS Gužve zbog asfaltiranja Avenije Dubrovnik trajat će do kraja kolovoza". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "Zbog radova velike gužve u Novom Zagrebu, Avenija Dubrovnik djelomično zatvorena do srijede". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ "10 projekata koji bi riješili gradske gužve u Zagrebu – na čekanju". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ Neven Crnobrnja (2006). "Bridges across the Sava
Sava
River in Zagreb". _Građevinar_ (in Croatian). 57 (12). Zagreb, Croatia: Hrvatski savez građevinskih inženjera. Retrieved 20 January 2011. * ^ "About Radio Taxi Zagreb". Radio Taxi Zagreb. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2011. * ^ "Predstavljen 71. niskopodni tramvaj" (in Croatian). Zagrebački električni tramvaj (ZET). 27 December 2007. Archived from the original on 31 December 2007. Retrieved 8 January 2008. * ^ Vojković, Ana Marija (1 August 2008). " Zagreb
Zagreb
kupuje 18 vlakova za brži prigradski promet". _24 sata _ (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2008. * ^ "Uskoro Samoborček i novi prigradski vlakovi" (PDF). _Zagrebački komunalni vjesnik_ (in Croatian) (№ 362): 11. 28 November 2007. ISSN 1845-4968 . Archived from the original (PDF, 134 KB) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008. * ^ "Franjo Tuđman Airport terminal". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ " Zagreb Airport – History" (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2008. * ^ Kosović, Vedran (10 October 1999). "Usprkos teškoćama leti se dalje". _ Vjesnik _ (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2008. * ^ "The History and Activities of the Archeological Museum". Archived from the original on 18 May 2006. Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ "Modern Gallery". Moderna Galerija. Retrieved 8 October 2010. * ^ "Croatian Natural History Museum". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ "Technical Museum". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ "Tehnički muzej". _Official web site_ (in Croatian). Zagreb, Croatia: Technical Museum. Retrieved 27 December 2010. * ^ " Museum
Museum
of the City of Zagreb". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ "Arts and Crafts Museum". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ "Ethnographic Museum". The Zagreb
Zagreb
Tourist Board. Retrieved 6 December 2012. * ^ "Mimara Museum". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ "Croatian Naïve Art Museum". Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ "The Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Art Zagreb". Retrieved 20 January 2010. * ^ "About Strossmayer\'s Old Masters Gallery". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2006. * ^ " Museum
Museum
of Broken Relationships". New.brokenships.com. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2014. * ^ " Museum
Museum
of Broken Relationships: BBC video". Bbc.co.uk. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2014. * ^ "A Poignant Trail of Broken Hearts, All on Display". _The New York Times_. 15 February 2010. * ^ "The Museum
Museum
of Broken Relationships". En.wikinoticia.com. 25 November 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2011. * ^ "People and Art House Lauba". Lauba.hr. Retrieved 5 May 2014. * ^ "Lauba-The Youngest Centenarian in Town". pogledaj.to. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011. * ^ "Primary schools". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. Archived from the original on 11 July 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2007. * ^ "Secondary schools". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2007. * ^ " Higher education
Higher education
institutions". Republic of Croatia, Ministry of science, education and sports. Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007. * ^ "About University". Retrieved 23 July 2017. * ^ "Croatia: University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
- KTH". Retrieved 23 July 2017. * ^ " University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
- CENTER FOR EUROPEAN EDUCATION". Retrieved 23 July 2017. * ^ "University of Zagreb, Croatia
Croatia
– Europe Engage". Retrieved 23 July 2017. * ^ " University of Zagreb
University of Zagreb
- Top Universities". Retrieved 23 July 2017. * ^ "4th Ensec Conference-Zagreb-Croatia". Retrieved 23 July 2017. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
in brief". _City of Zagreb_. Retrieved 11 November 2008. * ^ "Zagreb(Archdiocese)-Statistics". Zagreb(Archdiocese). Retrieved 3 May 2012. * ^ Meštrović Pavilion * ^ "Crkva Isusa Krista Svetaca Poslijednih Dana". www.crkvaisusakrista.hr. Retrieved 2 September 2012. * ^ SEISMOGENIC ZONES OF NORTHWESTERN CROATIA Archived 6 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine . GNGTS 2008 * ^ "Earthquake – Zagreb, Croatia
Croatia
– Embassy of the United States". _usembassy.gov_. * ^ _A_ _B_ dpuljic. "Potresi na zagrebačkom području". _hgi-cgs.hr_. * ^ "STIŽU UPUTE KAKO SE PONAŠATI: "Potresi se stalno događaju. Zagreb
Zagreb
ih ima 400 godišnje"". _net.hr_. 14 January 2016. * ^ "Broj turistickih dolazaka". poslovni.hr. Retrieved 12 January 2012. * ^ "Broj turista najvise porastao u Zagrebu". kigo.hr. Archived from the original on 1 March 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2012. * ^ "U Zagrebu više turista i noćenja". Ministry of Tourism. Retrieved 27 September 2013. * ^ www.globaldizajn.hr, Globaldizajn. "Ustanova Upravljanje sportskim objektima – Dvorane Doma sportova". _sportskiobjekti.hr_. * ^ Arena Zagreb * ^ Stadion Maksimir
Maksimir
* ^ "Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb". © 2006–2009 City of Zagreb. Retrieved 23 June 2009. * ^ "Gradovi prijatelji grada Zagreba". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Na Bundekfestu prvi put i gradovi prijatelji-Rim, Beč, Budimpešta i Ljubljana". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
in figures – International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
City Government. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2008. * ^ "Sister Cities of Kyoto
Kyoto
City". City of Kyoto. Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014. * ^ "Lisboa – Geminações de Cidades e Vilas" . _Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses _ (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 August 2013. * ^ "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa" . _Camara Municipal de Lisboa_ (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2013. * ^ " Budapest
Budapest
– Testvérvárosok" . _ Budapest
Budapest
Főváros Önkormányzatának hivatalos oldala _ (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013. * ^ "Fraternity cities on Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Official Web Site". © City of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
2001–2008. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2008. * ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". _Mestna občina Ljubljana
Ljubljana
( Ljubljana
Ljubljana
City)_ (in Slovenian). Archived from the original on 26 June 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013. * ^ "سفير كرواسي در تهران: "زاگرب" با تبريز خواهر خوانده مي‌شود". Farsnews.com. Retrieved 23 December 2015. * ^ "Gradovi prijatelji grada Zagreba". ZGportal Zagreb. Retrieved 25 August 2015. * ^ "Declaration of intent signed by Akim of Astana
Astana
and Mayor
Mayor
of Croatias capital". Akimat of Astana. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. * ^ " Zagreb
Zagreb
i Petrinja postaju gradovi prijatelji". Retrieved 20 June 2017. * ^ " Vukovar i Zagreb
Zagreb
gradovi prija