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Zagazig
Zagazig
(Arabic: الزقازيق‎ az-Zaqāzīq  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ez.zæʔæˈziːʔ], rural: [ez.zæɡæˈziːɡ], Coptic: ⲡⲟⲩⲃⲁⲥϯ) is a city in Lower Egypt. Situated in the eastern part of the Nile
Nile
delta, it is the capital of the governorate of Sharqia. In 1999, its population was approximately 279,000, which increased to 302,611 in 2006. It is built on a branch of the Sweet Water Canal
Sweet Water Canal
and on al-Muˤizz Canal (the ancient Tanaitic channel of the Nile), and is 47 miles by rail north-northeast of Cairo. Situated on the Nile
Nile
Delta in the midst of a fertile district, Zagazig
Zagazig
is a centre of the cotton and grain trade of Egypt. It has large cotton factories and used to have offices of numerous European merchants. It is located on the Muweis Canal and is the chief hub of the corn and cotton trade. There is a museum of antiquities, the Sharkeya National Museum (sometimes called the Amed Orabi Museum, at Herriat Raznah) that contains many important archaeological exhibits (currently closed for restoration).[1] Zagazig
Zagazig
University, one of the largest universities in Egypt, is also located in the city, with colleges in different fields of science and arts. The Archaeological Museum of the University of Zagazig
Zagazig
exhibits significant finds from the nearby sites, Bubastis
Bubastis
(Tell Basta) and Kufur Nigm.[2] Also there is a branch for Al-Azhar University, the largest Islamic
Islamic
university in the world. Zagazig
Zagazig
is the birthplace of famous Coptic Egyptian journalist, philosopher and social critic, Salama Moussa. The most notable streets in zagazig are Farouk st, Government st and El kawmia st.

Contents

1 History 2 Climate 3 Notable people 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The ruins of the ancient Egyptian city of Bubastis
Bubastis
are located 3 km southeast of town. Bubastis
Bubastis
was the ancient capital of the 18th nome, and is home to the feast celebrating the cat-goddess Bastet. Bubastis
Bubastis
is the Greek name of the Egyptian Per-Bastet. Bubastis
Bubastis
became the capital of Egypt
Egypt
in the 22nd and 23rd Dynasties. There are remains of the temples built by Osorkon II
Osorkon II
and Nectanebo II. Catacombs where the sacred cats were buried are located behind an Old Kingdom chapel remains that are from the period of Pepi I. Climate[edit] Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt.

Climate data for Zagazig

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 17.9 (64.2) 19.4 (66.9) 22.7 (72.9) 26.9 (80.4) 31.2 (88.2) 33.6 (92.5) 33.6 (92.5) 33.5 (92.3) 31.4 (88.5) 29.3 (84.7) 24.5 (76.1) 19.8 (67.6) 26.98 (80.57)

Daily mean °C (°F) 11.9 (53.4) 13 (55) 15.7 (60.3) 19.2 (66.6) 23.2 (73.8) 26 (79) 26.9 (80.4) 26.8 (80.2) 24.7 (76.5) 22.6 (72.7) 18.8 (65.8) 13.9 (57) 20.23 (68.39)

Average low °C (°F) 5.9 (42.6) 6.8 (44.2) 8.8 (47.8) 11.6 (52.9) 15.2 (59.4) 18.4 (65.1) 20.2 (68.4) 20.1 (68.2) 18 (64) 16 (61) 13.2 (55.8) 8 (46) 13.52 (56.28)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 8 (0.31) 4 (0.16) 4 (0.16) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.08) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.08) 5 (0.2) 6 (0.24) 33 (1.31)

Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

Notable people[edit]

Abaza family, the largest family in Sharqia and Egypt's largest Circassian community. [4][5] Abdelhalim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor Ahmed Orabi, colonel who led the revolt against the British in 1882 Carmen Suleiman, singer Mohamed Morsi, the fifth president of Egypt Salama Moussa, Coptic Egyptian journalist, philosopher and social critic Ahmed Zaki, actor John Traicos, International cricketer of Greek origin Rushdy Abaza, actor Fekry Pasha Abaza, journalist and political activist

References[edit]

^ Catalogue: Mohamed I. Bakr, Helmut Brandl, Faye Kalloniatis (eds.): Egyptian Antiquities from the Eastern Nile
Nile
Delta. ʾĀṯār misrīya (Museums in the Nile
Nile
Delta. Vol. 2). Opaion, Cairo/ Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-00-045318-2. ^ Catalogue: M. I. Bakr, H. Brandl, F. Kalloniatis (eds.): Egyptian Antiquities from Kufur Nigm and Bubastis. ʾĀṯār misrīya (Museums in the Nile
Nile
Delta. Vol. 1). Opaion, Cairo/ Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-033509-9. ^ "Climate: Al-Zaqaziq - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  ^ "عائلات تحكم مصر.. 1 ـ 'الأباظية' عائلة الباشوات". Albawabhnews.com. Retrieved 15 October 2017.  ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zagazig.

LookLex: Egypt: Zagazig  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Zagazig". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Coordinates: 30°34′N 31°30′E / 30.567°N 31.500°E / 30.567; 31.500

v t e

Governorates capitals of Egypt

Governorate (capital)

Alexandria
Alexandria
(Alexandria) Aswan
Aswan
(Aswan) Asyut
Asyut
(Asyut) Beheira (Damanhur) Beni Suef
Beni Suef
(Beni Suef) Cairo
Cairo
(Cairo) Dakahlia (Mansoura) Damietta
Damietta
(Damietta) Faiyum
Faiyum
(Faiyum) Gharbia (Tanta) Giza
Giza
(Giza) Ismailia
Ismailia
(Ismailia) Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh
(Kafr El Sheikh) Luxor
Luxor
(Luxor) Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh) Minya (Minya) New Valley (Kharga) North Sinai (Arish) Port Said
Port Said
(Port Said) Qalyubia (Benha) Qena
Qena
(Qena) Red Sea (Hurghada) Sharqia (Zagazig) Sohag
Sohag
(Sohag) South Sinai (El Tor) Suez
Suez
(Suez)

v t e

Egyptian cities and towns by population

1,000,000 and more

Alexandria Cairo Giza Shubra El Kheima

300,000-999,999

Asyut Bilbeis Damietta Faiyum Imbaba Ismailia El Mahalla El Kubra Kom Ombo Mansoura Luxor Port Fuad Port Said Suez Tanta Zagazig

100,000-299,999

6th of October Arish Aswan Banha Beni Suef Damanhur Desouk Edfu Hurghada Kafr El Dawwar Kafr El Sheikh Mallawi Minya New Borg El Arab New Cairo Obour Qena Shibin El Kom Sohag

<99,999

Abydos Ain Sokhna Akhmim Dahab Dakhla Dendera Dekernes El Alamein El Gouna Esna Hamrah Dom Hala'ib Kharga Marsa Alam Marsa Matruh Nag Hammadi New Nubariya Nuweiba Rosetta Sadat Safaga Saint Catherine Siwa Sharm El Sheikh Taba Talkha

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 134919

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