Zagazig (Arabic: الزقازيق az-Zaqāzīq Egyptian
Arabic pronunciation: [ez.zæʔæˈziːʔ], rural:
[ez.zæɡæˈziːɡ], Coptic: ⲡⲟⲩⲃⲁⲥϯ) is a city in Lower
Egypt. Situated in the eastern part of the
Nile delta, it is the
capital of the governorate of Sharqia.
In 1999, its population was approximately 279,000, which increased to
302,611 in 2006. It is built on a branch of the
Sweet Water Canal
Sweet Water Canal and
on al-Muˤizz Canal (the ancient Tanaitic channel of the Nile), and is
47 miles by rail north-northeast of Cairo. Situated on the
in the midst of a fertile district,
Zagazig is a centre of the cotton
and grain trade of Egypt. It has large cotton factories and used to
have offices of numerous European merchants.
It is located on the Muweis Canal and is the chief hub of the corn and
cotton trade. There is a museum of antiquities, the Sharkeya National
Museum (sometimes called the Amed Orabi Museum, at Herriat Raznah)
that contains many important archaeological exhibits (currently closed
Zagazig University, one of the largest universities in Egypt, is also
located in the city, with colleges in different fields of science and
arts. The Archaeological Museum of the University of
significant finds from the nearby sites,
Bubastis (Tell Basta) and
Kufur Nigm. Also there is a branch for Al-Azhar University, the
Islamic university in the world.
Zagazig is the birthplace of famous Coptic Egyptian journalist,
philosopher and social critic, Salama Moussa.
The most notable streets in zagazig are Farouk st, Government st and
El kawmia st.
3 Notable people
5 External links
The ruins of the ancient Egyptian city of
Bubastis are located
3 km southeast of town.
Bubastis was the ancient capital of the
18th nome, and is home to the feast celebrating the cat-goddess
Bubastis is the Greek name of the Egyptian Per-Bastet.
Bubastis became the capital of
Egypt in the 22nd and 23rd Dynasties.
There are remains of the temples built by
Osorkon II and Nectanebo II.
Catacombs where the sacred cats were buried are located behind an Old
Kingdom chapel remains that are from the period of Pepi I.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as
hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt.
Climate data for Zagazig
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Abaza family, the largest family in Sharqia and Egypt's largest
Circassian community. 
Abdelhalim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor
Ahmed Orabi, colonel who led the revolt against the British in 1882
Carmen Suleiman, singer
Mohamed Morsi, the fifth president of Egypt
Salama Moussa, Coptic Egyptian journalist, philosopher and social
Ahmed Zaki, actor
John Traicos, International cricketer of Greek origin
Rushdy Abaza, actor
Fekry Pasha Abaza, journalist and political activist
^ Catalogue: Mohamed I. Bakr, Helmut Brandl, Faye Kalloniatis (eds.):
Egyptian Antiquities from the Eastern
Nile Delta. ʾĀṯār misrīya
(Museums in the
Nile Delta. Vol. 2). Opaion, Cairo/ Berlin 2014,
^ Catalogue: M. I. Bakr, H. Brandl, F. Kalloniatis (eds.): Egyptian
Antiquities from Kufur Nigm and Bubastis. ʾĀṯār misrīya (Museums
Nile Delta. Vol. 1). Opaion, Cairo/ Berlin 2010,
^ "Climate: Al-Zaqaziq - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate
table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
^ "عائلات تحكم مصر.. 1 ـ 'الأباظية' عائلة
الباشوات". Albawabhnews.com. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
^ [dead link]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zagazig.
LookLex: Egypt: Zagazig
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Zagazig". Encyclopædia Britannica
(11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Coordinates: 30°34′N 31°30′E / 30.567°N 31.500°E /
Governorates capitals of Egypt
Beni Suef (Beni Suef)
Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh (Kafr El Sheikh)
Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh)
New Valley (Kharga)
North Sinai (Arish)
Port Said (Port Said)
Red Sea (Hurghada)
South Sinai (El Tor)
Egyptian cities and towns by population
1,000,000 and more
Shubra El Kheima
El Mahalla El Kubra
6th of October
Kafr El Dawwar
Kafr El Sheikh
New Borg El Arab
Shibin El Kom
Sharm El Sheikh