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ZAGAZIG (Arabic : الزقازيق‎‎ _az-Zaqāzīq_ Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: , rural: ) is a city in Lower Egypt
Egypt
. Situated in the eastern part of the Nile
Nile
delta, it is the capital of the governorate of Sharqia .

In 1999, its population was approximately 279,000, which increased to 302,611 in 2006. It is built on a branch of the Sweet Water Canal and on al-Muˤizz Canal (the ancient Tanaitic channel of the Nile
Nile
), and is 47 miles by rail north-northeast of Cairo
Cairo
. Situated on the Nile Delta in the midst of a fertile district, Zagazig
Zagazig
is a centre of the cotton and grain trade of Egypt. It has large cotton factories and used to have offices of numerous European merchants.

It is located on the Muweis Canal and is the chief hub of the corn and cotton trade. There is a museum of antiquities, the Sharkeya National Museum (sometimes called the Amed Orabi Museum, at Herriat Raznah) that contains many important archaeological exhibits (currently closed for restoration).

Zagazig University , one of the largest universities in Egypt, is also located in the city, with colleges in different fields of science and arts. The Archaeological Museum of the University of Zagazig exhibits significant finds from the nearby sites, Bubastis (Tell Basta) and Kufur Nigm. Also there is a branch for Al-Azhar University , the largest Islamic
Islamic
university in the world.

Zagazig
Zagazig
is the birthplace of famous Coptic Egyptian journalist, philosopher and social critic, Salama Moussa .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Climate * 3 Notable people * 4 References * 5 External links

HISTORY

The ruins of the ancient Egyptian city of Bubastis are located 3 km southeast of town. Bubastis was the ancient capital of the 18th nome , and is home to the feast celebrating the cat-goddess Bastet . Bubastis is the Greek name of the Egyptian Per -Bastet. Bubastis became the capital of Egypt
Egypt
in the 22nd and 23rd Dynasties . There are remains of the temples built by Osorkon II and Nectanebo II . Catacombs where the sacred cats were buried are located behind an Old Kingdom
Old Kingdom
chapel remains that are from the period of Pepi I
Pepi I
.

CLIMATE

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt
Egypt
.

CLIMATE DATA FOR ZAGAZIG

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 17.9 (64.2) 19.4 (66.9) 22.7 (72.9) 26.9 (80.4) 31.2 (88.2) 33.6 (92.5) 33.6 (92.5) 33.5 (92.3) 31.4 (88.5) 29.3 (84.7) 24.5 (76.1) 19.8 (67.6) 26.98 (80.57)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 11.9 (53.4) 13 (55) 15.7 (60.3) 19.2 (66.6) 23.2 (73.8) 26 (79) 26.9 (80.4) 26.8 (80.2) 24.7 (76.5) 22.6 (72.7) 18.8 (65.8) 13.9 (57) 20.23 (68.39)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 5.9 (42.6) 6.8 (44.2) 8.8 (47.8) 11.6 (52.9) 15.2 (59.4) 18.4 (65.1) 20.2 (68.4) 20.1 (68.2) 18 (64) 16 (61) 13.2 (55.8) 8 (46) 13.52 (56.28)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 8 (0.31) 4 (0.16) 4 (0.16) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.08) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.08) 5 (0.2) 6 (0.24) 33 (1.31)

Source: _Climate-Data.org_

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Abaza family , the largest family in Sharqia and Egypt's largest Circassian community. * Abdelhalim Hafez , Egyptian singer and actor * Ahmed Orabi , colonel who led the revolt against the British in 1882 * Carmen Suleiman , singer * Mohamed Morsi
Mohamed Morsi
, the fifth president of Egypt * Salama Moussa , Coptic Egyptian journalist, philosopher and social critic * Ahmed Zaki , actor * John Traicos , International cricketer of Greek origin * Rushdy Abaza , actor * Fekry Pasha Abaza , journalist and political activist

REFERENCES

* ^ Catalogue: Mohamed I. Bakr, Helmut Brandl, Faye Kalloniatis (eds.): Egyptian Antiquities from the Eastern Nile
Nile
Delta. = ʾĀṯār misrīya (= Museums in the Nile
Nile
Delta. Vol. 2). Opaion, Cairo/ Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-00-045318-2 . * ^ Catalogue: M. I. Bakr, H. Brandl, F. Kalloniatis (eds.): Egyptian Antiquities from Kufur Nigm and Bubastis. = ʾĀṯār misrīya (= Museums in the Ni