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The ruins of Zähringen castle
Zähringen castle
is what remains of the ancestral seat of the Zähringer.[1] It is one of several castles and towns that the Zähringens built in South Germany and Switzerland (including: Freiburg
Freiburg
i. Breisgau, Villingen, Neuenburg, Fribourg- Freiburg
Freiburg
i. Üechtland, Bern, Thun, Rheinfelden, Murten) History[edit] In the fourth century, during the migration period, the upper part of the northwestern spur of the Roßkopf was flattened so that it was suited for a settlement. Alemannic chiefs dwelt there with their folk until it was abandoned at the end of the fifth century. The name Zähringen was actually mentioned for the first time in records dating back to the time shortly after the turn of the first millennium. However, it is not clear without ambiguity whether they refer already to a fortification on the hilltop or to the village, the present day suburb of Freiburg.[2] The first definite mention of the castle was in 1128 in the "Rotulus Sanpetrinus", a parchment roll issued in the nearby abbey of St, Peter. That document was written in Latin
Latin
and contains the passage "apud castrum Zaringen" (castrum is the Latin
Latin
word for castle). Berthold II moved out of this castle to Freiburg
Freiburg
Castle on the Schlossberg of Freiburg. He had ordered the construction of that new castle, because he considered that location to be more advantageous both from commercial and strategical perspectives. When the Zähringer had died out, Emperor Frederick II confiscated Zähringen castle
Zähringen castle
as a fief in 1218. Difficulties[edit] Later, between 1275 and 1281, in the wake of controversies between the Empire and the counts of Urach regarding territorial possessions, the castle was destroyed and rebuilt. In 1422 the Margrave
Margrave
of Baden
Baden
acquired a part of the compound. The castle was definitely destroyed during the German Peasants' War
German Peasants' War
in 1525. In 1815 the castle hill became the property of the house of Baden
Baden
and today the area belongs to the municipality of Gundelfingen. What is still intact is a large round tower that was built in the 13th century. It has an observation deck that is surrounded by merlons. On the castle hill there is also a restaurant which provides diners with a view of the valley. The area is accessible by car only from Zähringen following the Pochgasse.

Approach

Front

Entrance

Rear

References[edit]

^ "History of the name Zahringer". www.noffsinger.org. Retrieved 10 November 2012.  ^ "The Dukes of Zähringen". www.freiburg-madison.de. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 

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Castles, Fortresses and Palaces in Germany - Baden-Württemberg

Administrative Region

Freiburg Karlsruhe Stuttgart Tübingen

Freiburg

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Karlsruhe

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Stuttgart

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Tübingen

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Krauchenwies
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