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YUYAO (Chinese : 余姚; pinyin : Yúyáo) is a county-level city in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
province, China
China
. It is under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Ningbo
Ningbo
.

It is located 40 km (25 mi) west of central Ningbo, 120 km (75 mi) east of Hangzhou
Hangzhou
, bordering Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay in the north. Yuyao
Yuyao
covers an area of 1,527 km².

CONTENTS

* 1 Demographics * 2 Geography and climate * 3 History * 4 Economy * 5 Transport * 6 References * 7 External links

DEMOGRAPHICS

Yuyao
Yuyao
has a local population of 400,000 in downtown, within the total 850,000 in the county. However, recently the migrated workers and their families have almost doubled the total population to about 1.6 million, but they do not show up in the official census and other related statistics data.

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Yuyao
Yuyao
lies in a subtropical monsoon zone, rich in sunshine and rain fall, warm and humid, distinct in the four seasons. The mean annual sunshine is 2,061 hours and the annual rate of sunshine is 47%. The mean annual temperature is 16 degree Celsius and the coldest months perennial are January and February, the hottest are July and August. The mean annual precipitation is around 1,300 millimeters and changes greatly from year to year. The hyetal distribution is also uneven during a year, and the rainfall centers on East Asian rainy season (梅雨) (aka bai-u rainy period) from April to June and typhoon period from July to December.

Yuyao
Yuyao
offers a wide variety of landscape from wide open ocean in Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay , rice fields in fertile plains to high spires in Siming Mountains . Yaojiang River originates in Siming Mountains in the south where the Ninth Fantasy world of Taoism is located. Yaojiang River goes through the county and extends eastward into East China
China
Sea as well as Pacific Ocean .

HISTORY

Yuyao
Yuyao
is well known for its rich heritage of civilization. The Neolithic
Neolithic
Hemudu culture formed in Yuyao
Yuyao
about 5,000 B.C. is one of the earliest sites of human civilization on earth . The material and ethical relics revealed large-scale rice plantation and other agricultural activities, hurdle style architecture, paddling and boating and respecting birds and sun.

Yuyao
Yuyao
also produced many famous scholars in the history, for example, Yan Zi-Ling in Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
, Yu Fan in Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
Period, Yu Xi in Jin Dynasty , Yu Shinan in Sui Dynasty
Sui Dynasty
and Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
, Wang Yangming , Zhu Shunshui and Huang Zongxi in Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
. Wang Yangming and Huang Zongxi were ranked among China’s top 10 ideologists. Yuyao
Yuyao
was then named as “the Most Famous County”and “the Famous State on Literature”. During the Anti-Japanese War , Yuyao
Yuyao
was one of China’s 19 bases against Japanese invaders, and was the center of anti-Japanese bases of eastern Zhejiang
Zhejiang
province.

ECONOMY

Yuyao
Yuyao
is known as a place for rice and fish. Its economy has been booming as private enterprises dominate after the economic reform began in late 1970s. In 2007, GDP will reach RMB 34 billions, with double digit annual growth rates over the past 20 years. It ranked as one of the top-20 counties in terms of comprehensive economic strength out of all the 2100 counties in China. The industry products are mainly electric appliances, plastic moulding, machinery and textiles. High-tech industries such as materials, optical, electro-mechanical integration and fine chemical industry are developing rapidly. The main agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry products of Yuyao
Yuyao
are tea, fruits like waxberry and mandarin orange, bamboo, silkworm, fowl, livestock and fish. Fresh produce is available in all seasons.

TRANSPORT

The Shanghai-Hangzhou- Ningbo
Ningbo
Expressway and China
China
National Highway 329 and Shanghai-Hangzhou- Ningbo
Ningbo
Railway