Yuyao (Chinese: 余姚; pinyin: Yúyáo) is a county-level city in
Zhejiang province, China. It is under the jurisdiction of the
prefecture-level city of Ningbo.
It is located 40 km (25 mi) west of central Ningbo,
120 km (75 mi) east of Hangzhou, bordering
Hangzhou Bay in
Yuyao covers an area of 1,527 km².
2 Geography and climate
7 External links
Yuyao  has a local population of 400,000 in downtown, within the
total 850,000 in the county. However, recently the migrated workers
and their families have almost doubled the total population to about
1.6 million, but they do not show up in the official census and other
related statistics data.
Geography and climate
Yuyao lies in a subtropical monsoon zone, rich in sunshine and rain
fall, warm and humid, distinct in the four seasons. The mean annual
sunshine is 2,061 hours and the annual rate of sunshine is 47%. The
mean annual temperature is 16 degree Celsius and the coldest months
perennially are January and February, the hottest are July and August.
The mean annual precipitation is around 1,300 millimeters and changes
greatly from year to year. The hyetal distribution is also uneven
during a year, and the rainfall centers on East Asian rainy season
(梅雨) (aka bai-u rainy period) from April to June and typhoon
period from July to December.
Yuyao offers a wide variety of landscape from wide open ocean in
Hangzhou Bay, rice fields in fertile plains to high spires in Siming
Mountains. Yaojiang River originates in Siming Mountains in the south
where the Ninth
Fantasy world of
Taoism is located. Yaojiang River
goes through the county and extends eastward into East
China Sea as
well as Pacific Ocean.
Yuyao is well known for its rich heritage of civilization. The
Hemudu culture formed in
Yuyao about 5,000 B.C. is one of
the earliest sites of human civilization on earth. The material and
ethical relics revealed large-scale rice plantation and other
agricultural activities, hurdle style architecture, paddling and
boating and respecting birds and sun.
Yuyao also produced many famous scholars in the history, for example,
Yan Zi-Ling in Han Dynasty,
Yu Fan in
Three Kingdoms Period, Yu Xi in
Yu Shinan in
Sui Dynasty and Tang Dynasty, Wang Yangming,
Zhu Shunshui and
Huang Zongxi in Ming Dynasty.
Wang Yangming and Huang
Zongxi were ranked among China’s top 10 ideologists.
Yuyao was then
named as “the Most Famous County”and “the Famous State on
Literature”. During the Anti-Japanese War,
Yuyao was one of
China’s 19 bases against Japanese invaders, and was the center of
anti-Japanese bases of eastern
Yuyao is known as a place for rice and fish. Its economy has been
booming as private enterprises dominate after the economic reform
began in late 1970s. In 2007, GDP will reach RMB 34 billions, with
double digit annual growth rates over the past 20 years. It ranked as
one of the top-20 counties in terms of comprehensive economic strength
out of all the 2100 counties in China. The industry products are
mainly electric appliances, plastic moulding, machinery and textiles.
High-tech industries such as materials, optical, electro-mechanical
integration and fine chemical industry are developing rapidly. The
main agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry products of
tea, fruits like waxberry and mandarin orange, bamboo, silkworm, fowl,
livestock and fish. Fresh produce is available in all seasons.
Ningbo Expressway and
China National Highway
329 and Shanghai-Hangzhou-
Ningbo Railway go through Yuyao. The world's
longest trans-oceanic bridge - the 36 km
Hangzhou Bay Bridge -
was recently completed construction near the northern border of Yuyao.
It reduced the cross bay traffic to only 80 km from the current
420 km section of Shanghai-Hangzhou-
Ningbo Expressway around
Yuyao - English
Coordinates: 30°03′N 121°09′E / 30.050°N 121.150°E /
County-level divisions of