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The Info List - Yuehai Dialects



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(i)

YUEHAI (粵海方言) is the main branch of Yue Chinese , spoken in the Pearl River Delta of the province of Guangdong , as well as Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
. It is commonly called CANTONESE, though that name is more precisely applied to the Guangzhou dialect of Yuehai.

DIALECTS

Yuehai is divided into four principal dialects, each of which contains various subdialects. Cantonese is the prestige form .

* Guangfu dialects

* Guangzhou dialect * Hong Kong- Macau
Macau
dialects * Xiguan dialect * Wuzhou dialect * Tanka dialect

* Nan-Pan-Shun/Sanyi dialects (Sam yap)

* Nanhai dialect * Jiujiang dialect * Xiqiao dialect * Shunde dialect

* Zhongshan dialect

* Shiqi dialect * Sanjiao dialect

* Guan-Bao dialect

* Dongguan dialect * Bao\'an dialect (Waitau)

REFERENCES

* ^ "Guangfu" (apparently = all of Yuehai) in Olson, An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yuehai". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

* v * t * e

Chinese language(s)

Major subdivisions

MANDARIN

* Northeastern

* Harbin * Shenyang

* Beijing

* Beijing * Karamay

* Ji–Lu

* Tianjin * Jinan

* Jiao–Liao

* Dalian * Qingdao * Weihai

* Central Plains

* Gangou * Guanzhong * Luoyang * Xuzhou * Dungan * Dongping

* Lan–Yin

* Southwestern

* Sichuanese * Kunming * Minjiang * Wuhan

* Lower Yangtze

* Nanjing

WU

* Taihu

* Shanghainese * Suzhou * Wuxi * Changzhou * Hangzhou * Shaoxing * Ningbo * Jinxiang * Jiangyin * Shadi

* Taizhou Wu

* Taizhou

* Oujiang

* Wenzhou

* Wuzhou

* Jinhua

* Chu–Qu

* Quzhou * Jiangshan * Qingtian

* Xuanzhou

GAN

* Chang–Du * Yi–Liu * Ying–Yi * Da–Tong

XIANG

* New

* Changsha

* Old

* Shuangfeng

* Ji–Xu

* Yong–Quan

* Qiyang

MIN

EASTERN

* Fuzhou * Fuqing * Fu\'an * Manjiang

SOUTHERN

* Hokkien

* Quanzhou * Zhangzhou * Amoy * Taiwanese * Philippine Hokkien * Medan Hokkien * Penang Hokkien * Singaporean Hokkien * Southern Peninsular Malaysian Hokkien

* Zhenan * Longyan

* Teochew

* Shantou * Haifeng

* Zhongshan

* Nanlang * Sanxiang

OTHER

* Northern

* Jian\'ou * Jianyang

* Central * Pu–Xian * Shao–Jiang

* Leizhou

* Zhanjiang

* Hainan

HAKKA

* Meixian * Wuhua

* Tingzhou

* Changting

* Taiwanese Hakka

* Sixian dialect * Raoping dialect
Raoping dialect

YUE

* Yuehai

* Cantonese * Xiguan * Jiujiang * Shiqi * Weitou * Dapeng

* Gao–Yang

* Siyi

* Taishan

* Goulou * Wu–Hua * Yong–Xun * Luo–Guang * Qin–Lian

PROPOSED

* Huizhou

* Jin

* Hohhot

* Pinghua

UNCLASSIFIED

* Danzhou * Mai * Shaozhou Tuhua * Waxiang

STANDARDIZED FORMS

* Standard Chinese (Mandarin)

* Sichuanese * Taiwanese * Philippine * Malaysian * Singaporean

* Cantonese * Taiwanese Hokkien

PHONOLOGY

* Historical

* Old

* Old National * Cantonese * Mandarin * Literary and colloquial readings

GRAMMAR

* Chinese grammar
Chinese grammar
* Chinese classifier * Chinese Idiom

HISTORY

* Old Chinese * Eastern Han * Middle Chinese * Old Mandarin * Middle Mandarin * Proto-Min * Ba–Shu * Gan

LITERARY FORMS

OFFICIAL

* Classical

* Adoption * in Vietnam

* Vernacular

OTHER VARIETIES

* Written Cantonese * Written Dungan * Written Hokkien * Written Sichuanese

SCRIPTS

STANDARD

* Simplified * Traditional

HISTORICAL

* Oracle bone * Bronze * Seal * Clerical * Semi-cursive * Cursive

BRAILLE

* Cantonese Braille * Mainland Chinese Braille * Taiwanese Braille * Two-Cell Chinese Braille

OTHER

* Romanization

* Pinyin
Pinyin
* Wade–Giles

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