The Info List - Yu Huan

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Yu Huan (fl. third century) was a historian of the state of Cao Wei
Cao Wei
in the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
period of China.


1 Life 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Life[edit] Yu Huan was from Jingzhao Commandery (京兆郡), which is around present-day Xi'an, Shaanxi.[1] He is best known for writing the Weilüe and Dianlüe, which are listed in the Book of Sui as volumes 33 and 89 respectively. The Old Book of Tang
Old Book of Tang
listed 38 volumes of the Weilüe and 50 volumes of the Dianlüe, while the New Book of Tang 58 listed the Weilüe as containing 50 volumes.[1] Neither of these works are extant, however a volume of the Weilüe was quoted as an extensive footnote to the Records of the Three Kingdoms in the (30th) section on the Wuhuan, Xianbei
and Dongyi
by Pei Songzhi during the fifth century. It served as an additional guide to the Western Regions
Western Regions
on the book. The volume has only survived because it was included as an extensive note to Records of the Three Kingdoms.[2][3] According to the Shitong, Yu Huan was at one time the mayor of Luoyang, the capital of the Cao Wei
Cao Wei
state (220-265).[4] Although it seems he never left China, he collected a large amount of information on the countries to the west of China including Parthia, India, the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and the various routes to them. Some of this information had reached China well before Yu Huan's time, and can also be found in the sections dealing with the Western Regions
Western Regions
of the Records of the Grand Historian, the Book of Han, and/or the Book of the Later Han.[2] In spite of the inclusion of earlier (and sometimes fanciful) information, the Weilüe contains much new, unique and generally trustworthy material. Most of it dates from the late second and early third centuries. It is this new information that makes the Weilüe such a valuable source. Much of it appears to date from the Eastern Han dynasty, before China was largely cut off from the West by civil wars and unrest along its borders during the late 2nd century CE.[2] See also[edit]

List of people of the Three Kingdoms


^ a b Shitong vol. 12. ^ a b c Hill (2004). ^ Chavannes (1905), pp. 519-520. ^ Lin, Ying (2004). "Ruler of the Treasure Country: the Image of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in Chinese Society from the First to the Fourth Century AD". Latomus. 63 (2): 328. 

Chavannes, Édouard (1905). Les pays d'occident d'après le Wei lio. T’oung pao Ser. 2:7. pp. 519–520.  Hill, John E. (2004). The Peoples of the West from the Weilüe 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation. University of Washington.  Liu, Zhiji (1961). Zhang, Zhixiang, ed. Shitong (1577 ed.). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.  Ma, Zhijie (1993). History of the Three Kingdoms: Yu Huan's Weilüe. Beijing: People's Publishing House. pp. 406–410. ISBN 7-01-001271-7.  Zhang, Xinglang (1977). Collected Historical Sources of the History of Contacts Between China and the West Vol. 1: Weilüe's Xirong on Daqin. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 38–43. ISBN 7-101-03030-0. 

External links[edit]

The Weilüe in The Peoples of the West, translation by John E. Hill

v t e

Prominent people of Cao Wei


Cao Pi Cao Rui Cao Fang Cao Mao Cao Huan

Empresses and noble ladies

Empress Wuxuan Duchess Cao Empress Wenzhao Empress Wende Empress Mingdao Empress Mingyuan Empress Huai Empress Zhang Empress Wang Empress Bian (Cao Mao's wife) Empress Bian (Cao Huan's wife)

Princes and royal figures

Cao Ang Cao Biao Cao Chong Cao Gan Cao Gong Cao Gun Cao Hui Cao Jian Cao Ju (Prince of Fanyang) Cao Ju (Prince of Pengcheng) Cao Jun (Duke of Fan) Cao Jun (Prince of Chenliu) Cao Li Cao Lin (Prince of Donghai) Cao Lin (Prince of Pei) Cao Mao Cao Rui Cao Shuo Cao Xie Cao Xuan Cao Xun Cao Yan Cao Yong Cao Yu Cao Zhang Cao Zhi Cao Zicheng Cao Ziji Cao Zijing Cao Ziqin Cao Zishang Cao Zizheng


Cao Shuang Sima Yi Sima Shi Sima Zhao Sima Yan

Civil officers

Bao Xun Bi Gui Cang Ci Chang Lin Chen Jiao Chen Qun Cui Lin Deng Yang Dong Zhao Du Ji Du Xi Fu Jia Fu Xuan Fu Xun Gao Rou Gaotang Long Guan Ning Han Ji He Kui He Qia He Yan Hu Zhi Hua Xin Huan Fan Huan Jie Jia Chong Jia Xu Jiang Ji Li Feng Li Sheng Liang Xi Liu Shao Liu Ye Liu Yi Lu Yu Pang Yu Pei Qian Pei Xiu Sima Fu Sima Zhi Su Ze Wang Chen Wang Guan Wang Lang Wang Jing Wang Su Wang Xiang Wang Ye Wei Ji Wei Zhen Wu Zhi Xiahou He Xiahou Hui Xiahou Wei Xiahou Xuan Xin Pi Xing Yong Xu Miao Xu Shu Xu Xuan Xun Yi Yang Fu Yang Jun Yu Huan Zhang Hua Zhang Ji (Derong) Zhang Ji (Jingzhong) Zheng Hun Zhong Yao Zhong Yu

Military officers

Cao Hong Cao Ren Cao Xiu Cao Zhen Chen Tai Deng Ai Du Yu Fei Yao Gongsun Yuan Guanqiu Jian Guo Huai Hao Zhao Huang Quan Jia Kui Liu Jing Lü Qian Man Chong Meng Da Niu Jin Qian Hong Qian Zhao Qin Lang Sima Wang Sima Zhou Sun Li Tang Zi Tian Xu Tian Yu Wang Chang Wang Ji Wang Jun Wang Ling Wang Shuang Wang Zhong Wei Guan Wen Ping Wen Qin Wen Yang Wei Guan Xiahou Ba Xiahou Dun Xiahou Mao Xiahou Shang Xu Chu Xu Huang Xu Zhi Yang Hu Yang Qiu Yin Li Yu Jin Zang Ba Zhang He Zhang Liao Zhang Te Zhao Yan Zhong Hui Zhou Tai Zhu Ling Zhuge Dan Zhuge Xu

Other notable women

Wang Yuanji Xiahou Hui Xin Xianying Yang Huiyu Zhang Chunhua

Other notable figures

Budugen Du Kui Guan Lu Huangfu Mi Huchuquan Kebineng Liu Hui Ma Jun Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove Wang Bi Xun Can Pei Xiu Zhou