The Info List - Youth Village

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A youth village (Hebrew: כפר נוער‎, Kfar No'ar) is a boarding school model first developed in Mandate Palestine in the 1930s to care for groups of children and teenagers fleeing the Nazis. Henrietta Szold and Recha Freier
Recha Freier
were the pioneers in this sphere, known as youth aliyah, creating an educational facility that was a cross between a European boarding school and a kibbutz.


1 History 2 Educational strategy 3 Youth villages in Israel 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


Ben Shemen youth village, 1920s-1930s

The first youth village was Mikve Israel. In the 1940s and 1950s, a period of mass immigration to Israel, youth villages were an important tool in immigrant absorption. Youth villages were established during this period by the Jewish Agency, WIZO, and Na'amat. After the establishment of Israel, the Israeli Ministry of Education took over the administration of these institutions, but not their ownership. The Hadassah Neurim
Hadassah Neurim
Youth Village, founded by Akiva Yishai, was the first vocational school for Youth Aliyah
children, who had been offered only agricultural training until then.[1] From the 1960s to the 1980s, young people from broken or troubled homes were sent to youth villages. Today some of the villages have closed, but many continue to provide an educational framework for immigrant youth. Others have introduced programs for gifted students from underprivileged neighborhoods, exchange programs for overseas high school students and vocational training facilities. Some function as ordinary high schools and accept non-residential students. In 2007, Yemin Orde Youth Village, established in the early 1950s on Mt. Carmel, had a student population consisting of youngsters from all over the world, including Muslim refugees from Darfur. The village provides a safe haven for destitute children aged 5–19. A youth village patterned after the Israeli model is now being established in Rwanda.[2] Educational strategy[edit] Residential education is believed to have special value for the two major population targets of Youth Aliyah
- immigrant youth and young people from deprived social groups. It creates a strong, influential environment that neutralizes the negative influence of an underprivileged neighborhood, promotes social integration, and provides a broad range of extracurricular activities that may not be available in the home setting.[3] A police studies track was established in 2004 at the Kanot Youth Village, and is now being offered at Nir Ha'emek Youth Village and Hodayot
Youth Village. It has been shown that young people with low self-esteem thrive in such programs. Eighteen out of the 20 students at Kanot who studied in the police studies track, which includes criminology, sociology and horseback riding, graduated with a matriculation certificate.[4] There are 60 youth villages in Israel
today, with a student population of 18,000.[5] Youth villages in Israel[edit]

Adanim Ahava Alonei Yitzhak Aluma Ayanot Beit Apple[6] Ben Shemen Eshel HaNasi Givat Washington Hadassah Neurim Hadassim[7] HaKfar HaYarok

Hodayot Havat HaNoar HaTzioni
Havat HaNoar HaTzioni
( Israel
Goldstein Youth Village) Kannot[8] Kedma Kfar Batia Kfar HaNoar HaDati Kfar Silver Kiryat Ye'arim Magdiel Manof[9]

Meir Shfeya Mevo'ot Yam Mosenson Neve Amiel Neve Galim Neve Hadassah Nitzana Nitzanim (closed in 1990) Ramat Hadassah Yohana Jabotinsky Yemin Orde

See also[edit]

Hakhshara Youth aliyah Gar'in Kibbutz
volunteers Kibbutz
communal child rearing and collective education


^ A Letter to a Friend, No. 22, April 1986, edited by Nadine Caspi, Youth Aliyah, The Jewish Agency
Jewish Agency
for Israel ^ Raffi Berg (28 September 2007). "Israeli village brings hope for 'lost' youth". BBC News.  ^ A Letter to a Friend, No. 21, December 1985, Youth Aliyah, The Jewish Agency
Jewish Agency
for Israel ^ Troubled high-schoolers realizing potential as policemen http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/950641.html ^ Israeli youth villages raise kids from troubled homes http://www.jewishsf.com/content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/3046/edition_id/53/format/html/displaystory.html ^ Beit Apple Children's Village ^ http://towizo.org/htmls/wizo_hadassim.aspx?c0=13187&bsp=12995 ^ http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/950641.html ^ http://www.mops.gov.il/nr/exeres/9AB590D0-A971-4DF6-AD00-6BC7CDF7E6BD.htm

External links[edit]

In pictures: Israeli youth village - BBC News

v t e

Cooperative settlements in Israel

By type


List of kibbutzim Hakhshara Kibbutz
volunteer Urban kibbutz


Community settlement Moshav Moshav
shitufi Youth village

By movements


Agricultural Union Amana Dror-Israel HaMerkaz HaHakla'i HaOved HaTzioni Hapoel HaMizrachi Hitahdut HaIkarim Kibbutz
Movement Mishkei Herut Beitar Moshavim Movement Poalei Agudat Yisrael Religious Kibbutz


Ha Kibbutz
HaMeuhad Ihud HaKvutzot VeHaKibbutzim Kibbutz
Artzi United Kibbutz


Communal child rearing and collective education Kibbutz
crisis Jewish land purchase in Palestine

v t e

Administrative jurisdiction types of Israel

First level


Second level

City council Local council Regional council

Third level

Community settlement Institutional locality Jewish locality Kibbutz Mixed locality Moshav Moshav
shitufi Non-Jewish locality Ru