Yoruba /ˈjɒrʊbə/[3] (Yor. Èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa and most prominently South western Nigeria. Spoken by the ethnic Yoruba people, The number of speakers of Yoruba is estimated at between 45 and 55 million.[4] As a pluricentric language, it is spoken in a wide dialectal area spanning Nigeria, Benin and Togo, with communities in Sierra Leone and Liberia as well as smaller pockets in other parts of West Africa.

Yoruba vocabulary is used in the Afro-Brazilian religion known as Candomblé, in the Caribbean religion of Santería in the form of the liturgical Lucumí language and various Afro-American religions of North America.[5][6][7][8]

As the principal Yoruboid language, Yoruba is most closely related to the languages Itsekiri (spoken in the Niger Delta) and Igala (spoken in central Nigeria).[1]

Yoruba has an extensive body of literature.

Spoken literature