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The Cathedral
Cathedral
and Metropolitical Church of Saint Peter
Saint Peter
in York, commonly known as York
York
Minster, is the cathedral of York, England, and is one of the largest of its kind in Northern Europe. The minster is the seat of the Archbishop
Archbishop
of York, the second-highest office of the Church of England, and is the mother church for the Diocese
Diocese
of York and the Province of York.[3] It is run by a dean and chapter, under the Dean of York. The title "minster" is attributed to churches established in the Anglo-Saxon period as missionary teaching churches, and serves now as an honorific title.[4] Services in the minster are sometimes regarded as on the High Church
High Church
or Anglo-Catholic
Anglo-Catholic
end of the Anglican continuum.[5] The minster has a very wide Decorated Gothic
Decorated Gothic
nave and chapter house, a Perpendicular Gothic Quire and east end and Early English North and South transepts. The nave contains the West Window, constructed in 1338, and over the Lady Chapel in the east end is the Great East Window (finished in 1408), the largest expanse of medieval stained glass in the world. In the north transept is the Five Sisters Window, each lancet being over 53 feet (16.3 m) high.[6] The south transept contains a rose window, while the West Window contains a heart-shaped design colloquially known as 'The Heart of Yorkshire'.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Schools

2 Architecture of the present building

2.1 Stained glass 2.2 Towers and bells 2.3 Shrines

3 Vaults 4 Organ

4.1 Organists

5 Dean and chapter 6 Burials 7 Astronomical clock 8 Illuminations 9 York
York
Mystery Plays 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] York
York
has had a verifiable Christian presence from the 4th century.[citation needed] The first recorded church on the site was a wooden structure built hurriedly in 627 to provide a place to baptise Edwin, King of Northumbria. Moves toward a more substantial building began in the decade of the 630s. A stone structure was completed in 637 by Oswald and was dedicated to Saint
Saint
Peter. The church soon fell into disrepair and was dilapidated by 670 when Saint
Saint
Wilfrid
Wilfrid
ascended to the See of York. He repaired and renewed the structure. The attached school and library were established and by the 8th century were some of the most substantial in Northern Europe.[7][8] In 741 the church was destroyed in a fire. It was rebuilt as a more impressive structure containing thirty altars. The church and the entire area then passed through the hands of numerous invaders, and its history is obscure until the 10th century. There was a series of Benedictine
Benedictine
archbishops, including Saint
Saint
Oswald of Worcester, Wulfstan and Ealdred, who travelled to Westminster to crown William in 1066. Ealdred died in 1069 and was buried in the church.[9] The church was damaged in 1069 during William the Conqueror's harrying of the North, but the first Norman archbishop, Thomas of Bayeux, arriving in 1070, organised repairs. The Danes destroyed the church in 1075, but it was again rebuilt from 1080. Built in the Norman style, it was 111 m (364.173 ft) long and rendered in white and red lines. The new structure was damaged by fire in 1137 but was soon repaired. The choir and crypt were remodelled in 1154, and a new chapel was built, all in the Norman style. The Gothic style in cathedrals had arrived in the mid 12th century. Walter de Gray
Walter de Gray
was made archbishop in 1215 and ordered the construction of a Gothic structure to compare to Canterbury; building began in 1220. The north and south transepts were the first new structures; completed in the 1250s, both were built in the Early English Gothic style but had markedly different wall elevations. A substantial central tower was also completed, with a wooden spire. Building continued into the 15th century. The Chapter House was begun in the 1260s and was completed before 1296. The wide nave was constructed from the 1280s on the Norman foundations. The outer roof was completed in the 1330s, but the vaulting was not finished until 1360. Construction then moved on to the eastern arm and chapels, with the last Norman structure, the choir, being demolished in the 1390s. Work here finished around 1405. In 1407 the central tower collapsed; the piers were then reinforced, and a new tower was built from 1420. The western towers were added between 1433 and 1472. The cathedral was declared complete and consecrated in 1472.[10]

The nave of York
York
Minster

The English Reformation
English Reformation
led to the looting of much of the cathedral's treasures and the loss of much of the church lands. Under Elizabeth I there was a concerted effort to remove all traces of Roman Catholicism from the cathedral; there was much destruction of tombs, windows and altars. In the English Civil War
English Civil War
the city was besieged and fell to the forces of Cromwell in 1644, but Thomas Fairfax prevented any further damage to the cathedral. Following the easing of religious tensions there was some work to restore the cathedral. From 1730 to 1736 the whole floor of the minster was relaid in patterned marble and from 1802 there was a major restoration. However, on 2 February 1829, an arson attack by Jonathan Martin inflicted heavy damage on the east arm.[11] An accidental fire in 1840 left the nave, south west tower and south aisle roofless and blackened shells. The cathedral slumped deeply into debt and in the 1850s services were suspended. From 1858 Augustus Duncombe worked successfully to revive the cathedral. During the 20th century there was more concerted preservation work, especially following a 1967 survey that revealed the building, in particular the central tower, was close to collapse. £2,000,000 was raised and spent by 1972 to reinforce and strengthen the building foundations and roof. During the excavations that were carried out, remains of the north corner of the Roman Principia (headquarters of the Roman fort, Eboracum) were found under the south transept. This area, as well as remains of the Norman cathedral, re-opened to the public in spring 2013 as part of the new exhibition exploring the history of the building of York
York
Minster.[12] On 9 July 1984, a fire considered "likely" to have been caused by a lightning strike[13] destroyed the roof in the south transept, and around £2.5 million was spent on repairs. The fire was photographed from just south of the minster in the early hours. This picture was subsequently published[citation needed] showing the South transept alight with a list of North Yorkshire firefighters attending. The stations attending ranged from Scarborough to Harrogate. Huge amounts of water were needed to provide jets at great height to hit the roof timbers and protect the Rose Window. Most of the water was pumped from the Ouse nearby because the water supplies around the minster were inadequate. Fire crews from the main York
York
fire station in Clifford Street worked hard to protect the Rose Window and stop the fire spreading into the tower and organ. Many crews worked for hours and some were on high levels of the minster at the time when the South transept roof fell in, forming a pile of timber covering the whole of the south transept floor to a height of at least six feet. The restoration work was completed in 1988, and included new roof bosses to designs which had won a competition organised by BBC
BBC
Television's Blue Peter
Blue Peter
programme. In 2007 renovation began on the east front, including the Great East Window, at an estimated cost of £23 million.[14][15] Schools[edit] There have been choir schools associated with the Minster since the 7th century. A 'song school' was founded in 627 by Paulinus of York, the first Archbishop
Archbishop
of York.[16] Buildings used by the school have been awarded listed status, among them the school house built 1830–1833,[17] two houses dating back to 1837,[18] and a Georgian building of 1755.[19] Architecture of the present building[edit]

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The cruciform plan of York
York
Minster by Georg Dehio

York
York
Minster is the second largest Gothic cathedral of Northern Europe and clearly charts the development of English Gothic architecture
Gothic architecture
from Early English through to the Perpendicular Period. The present building was begun in about 1230 and completed in 1472. It has a cruciform plan with an octagonal chapter house attached to the north transept, a central tower and two towers at the west front. The stone used for the building is magnesian limestone, a creamy-white coloured rock that was quarried in nearby Tadcaster. The Minster is 524.5 feet (159.9 m) long[2] and the central tower has a height of 235 feet (72 m).[2] The choir has an interior height of 102 feet (31 m).[citation needed] The north and south transepts were the first parts of the new church to be built. They have simple lancet windows, including the Five Sisters in the north transept. These are five lancets, each 16.3 metres (53 ft) tall and five feet wide[20] and glazed with grey (grisaille) glass,[21] rather than narrative scenes or symbolic motifs that are usually seen in medieval stained glass windows. In the south transept is a rose window whose glass dates from about 1500 and commemorates the union of the royal houses of York
York
and Lancaster. The roofs of the transepts are of wood, that of the south transept was burnt in the fire of 1984 and was replaced in the restoration work which was completed in 1988. New designs were used for the bosses, five of which were designed by winners of a competition organised by the BBC's Blue Peter
Blue Peter
television programme.

The chapter house

Work began on the chapter house and its vestibule that links it to the north transept after the transepts were completed. The style of the chapter house is of the early Decorated Period
Decorated Period
where geometric patterns were used in the tracery of the windows, which were wider than those of early styles. However, the work was completed before the appearance of the ogee curve, an S-shaped double curve which was extensively used at the end of this period. The windows cover almost all of the upper wall space, filling the chapter house with light. The chapter house is octagonal, as is the case in many cathedrals, but is notable in that it has no central column supporting the roof. The wooden roof, which was of an innovative design, is light enough to be able to be supported by the buttressed walls. The chapter house has many sculptured heads above the canopies, representing some of the finest Gothic sculpture in the country. There are human heads, no two alike, and some pulling faces; angels; animals and grotesques. Unique to the transepts and chapter house is the use of Purbeck marble to adorn the piers, adding to the richness of decoration.

The Kings Screen and organ

The nave was built between 1291 and c. 1350 and is also in the decorated Gothic style. It is the widest Gothic nave in England
England
and has a wooden roof (painted so as to appear like stone) and the aisles have vaulted stone roofs. At its west end is the Great West Window, known as the 'Heart of Yorkshire' which features flowing tracery of the later decorated gothic period. The east end of the Minster was built between 1361 and 1405 in the Perpendicular Gothic style. Despite the change in style, noticeable in details such as the tracery and capitals, the eastern arm preserves the pattern of the nave. The east end contains a four bay choir; a second set of transepts, projecting only above half-height; and the Lady Chapel. The transepts are in line with the high altar and serve to throw light onto it. Behind the high altar is the Great East Window, the largest expanse of medieval stained glass in the world, which is currently undergoing a massive conservation project, due to be completed in 2015–16. Below the Great East Window currently sits the Orb, a stainless steel dome which opened at the end of October 2012, containing five of the conserved panels from the window, one of which is changed each month. The Orb enables visitors to see the work of renowned medieval artist, John Thornton, up close, revealing the remarkable detail in each panel.

crossing

The sparsely decorated Central Tower
Tower
was built between 1407 and 1472 and is also in the Perpendicular style. Below this, separating the choir from the crossing and nave is the striking 15th century choir screen. It contains sculptures of the kings of England
England
from William the Conqueror to Henry VI with stone and gilded canopies set against a red background. Above the screen is the organ, which dates from 1832. The West Towers, in contrast with the Central Tower, are heavily decorated and are topped with battlements and eight pinnacles each, again in the Perpendicular style. English Heritage has recently made publicly available a monograph[22] on the architectural history of York
York
Minster. The book charts the construction and development of the minster based on the architectural recording of the building from the 1970s. Stained glass[edit]

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West window of York
York
Minster (more detail visible in full size image)

York
York
as a whole, and particularly the minster, have a long tradition of creating beautiful stained glass. Some of the stained glass in York Minster dates back to the 12th century. The Minster's records show that much of the glass (white or coloured) came from Germany.[23] Upon arrival at York, it was intricately painted, fired, then glazed together with lead strips (came) into the windows. The 76-foot (23 m)[citation needed] tall Great East Window, created by John Thornton in the early 15th century, is the largest expanse of medieval stained glass in the world. Other windows in the minster include an ornate rose window and the 16.3 metres (53 ft)[6] tall Five Sisters window. Because of the extended time periods during which the glass was installed, different types of glazing and painting techniques which evolved over hundreds of years are visible in the different windows. Approximately two million individual pieces of glass make up the cathedral's 128 stained glass windows. Much of the glass was removed before and pieced back together after the First and Second World Wars, and the windows are constantly being cleaned and conserved to keep their beauty intact. In 2008 a major conservation project of the Great East Window commenced, involving the removal, repainting and re-leading of each individual panel.[24] While the window was in storage in the minster's stonemasons' yard, a fire broke out in some adjoining offices, due to an electrical fault, on 30 December 2009.[25] The window's 311 panes, stored in a neighbouring room, were undamaged and were successfully moved to safety.[26][27] In September 2015 Phase One of the renovation project of the East Front of the Minster was completed.[28] Towers and bells[edit] The two west towers of the minster hold bells, clock chimes and a concert carillon. The north-west tower contains Great Peter (216 cwt or 10.8 tons) and the six clock bells (the largest weighing just over 60 cwt or 3 tons). The south-west tower holds 14 bells (tenor 59 cwt or 3 tons) hung and rung for change ringing and 22 carillon bells (tenor 23 cwt or 1.2 tons) which are played from a baton keyboard in the ringing chamber (all together 35 bells.) The clock bells ring every quarter of an hour during the daytime and Great Peter strikes the hour. The change ringing bells are not currently rung, following the termination of the ringers' volunteer agreements in October 2016.[29][30] York
York
Minster became the first cathedral in England
England
to have a carillon of bells with the arrival of a further twenty-four small bells on 4 April 2008. These are added to the existing "Nelson Chime" which is chimed to announce Evensong around 5.00 pm each day, giving a carillon of 35 bells in total (three chromatic octaves). The new bells were cast at the Loughborough Bell Foundry of John Taylor & Co, where all of the existing minster bells were cast. The new carillon is a gift to the minster. It will be the first new carillon in the British Isles
British Isles
for 40 years and first hand played carillon in an English cathedral. Before Evensong each evening, hymn tunes are played on a baton keyboard connected with the bells, but occasionally anything from Beethoven to the Beatles may be heard.[31] Shrines[edit]

The organ on the choir screen

When Thomas Becket
Thomas Becket
was murdered and subsequently enshrined at Canterbury, York
York
found itself with a rival major draw for pilgrims. More specifically, pilgrims spent money and would leave gifts for the support of the cathedral. Hence Walter de Gray, supported by the King, petitioned the Pope. On 18 March 1226, Pope Honorius issued a letter to the effect that the name of William (Fitzherbert), formerly Archbishop
Archbishop
of York, was "inscribed in the catalogue of the Saints of the Church Militant." Thus there was now St William of York
York
(whose name is perhaps more often associated with the adjacent St William's College). York
York
had its saint but it took until 1279, when William de Wickwane (William de Wykewayne) was elected archbishop, for the remains of the canonised William to be transferred to a shrine prepared for them behind the high altar.[32] This was placed on a platform raised upon the arches of the crypt removed to this position for that purpose. On 29 December King Edward I himself, together with the bishops who were present, carried on their shoulder the chest or feretory containing the relics to their new resting-place and Anthony Beck, consecrated the same day as Bishop of Durham, paid all the expenses. The tomb of Walter de Gray
Walter de Gray
was erected in the south transept. His remains were interred on "the vigil of Pentecost, 1255"[32] under his effigy "in full canonicals" carved in Purbeck marble under a canopy resting on ten light pillars. It was subsequently somewhat hidden behind a screen of ironwork erected by Archbishop
Archbishop
William Markham in the early 19th century. Vaults[edit]

chancel

right transept

left transept

chapter house

nave

Organ[edit]

The choir

The crypt

The fire of 1829 destroyed the organ and the basis of the present organ dates from 1832, when Elliot and Hill constructed a new instrument. This organ was reconstructed in 1859 by William Hill and Sons. The case remained intact, but the organ was mechanically new, retaining the largest pipes of the former instrument. In 1903, J.W. Walker and Sons built a new instrument in the same case. They retained several registers from the previous instrument. Some work was undertaken in 1918 by Harrison & Harrison when the Tuba Mirabilis was added and the Great chorus revised. The same firm rebuilt this Walker-Harrison instrument in 1931 when a new console and electro-pneumatic action were added together with four new stops. The smaller solo tubas were enclosed in the solo box. In 1960, J.W. Walker & Sons restored the actions, lowered wind pressures and introduced mutations and higher chorus work in the spirit of the neo-classical movement. They cleaned the organ in 1982. The fire of 1984 affected the organ but not irreparably; the damage hastened the time for a major restoration, which was begun in 1991 and finished two years later by Principal Pipe Organs of York, under the direction of their founder, Geoffrey Coffin, who had at one time been assistant organist at the Minster.[33] Organists[edit] See also: List of musicians at English cathedrals The organists of York
York
Minster have had several official titles, the job description roughly equates to that of Organist and Master of the Choristers. The current Organist and Director of Music of the Minster is Robert Sharpe. There is also an Assistant Director of Music, Ben Morris. Among the notable organists of York
York
Minster are four members of the Camidge family, who served as the cathedral's organists for over 100 years, and a number of composers including John Naylor, T. Tertius Noble, Edward Bairstow, Francis Jackson, and Philip Moore. Dean and chapter[edit] As of 6 January 2018:[34]

Dean: Vivienne Faull (since 1 December 2012 installation)[35] Precentor: Peter Moger (since 12 September 2010 installation)[36] Pastor: Michael Smith (since 7 July 2013 installation)[37] Chancellor: Christopher Collingwood (since 15 September 2013 installation)[37] one vacancy, since 1 July 2017 retirement of David Butterfield, Archdeacon
Archdeacon
for Generous Giving and Stewardship; before his appointment, this canonry was the Archdeacon
Archdeacon
of York's ex officio.

Burials[edit]

Bosa of York, Bishop of York
York
and Saint
Saint
(died c. 705) Eanbald I, Archbishop
Archbishop
(780–796) Osbald, King of Northumbria
Northumbria
(died 799) Tostig Godwinson Ealdred (archbishop of York)
Ealdred (archbishop of York)
(1061–1069) Thomas of Bayeux, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1070–1100) Gerard, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1100–1108) Thomas II of York, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1108–1114) William of York, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1141–1147, 1153–1154) Henry Murdac, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1147–1153) Roger de Pont L'Eveque, Archbishop
Archbishop
1154–1181 Walter de Gray, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1216–1255) Sewal de Bovil, Dean and Archbishop
Archbishop
(1256–1258) Godfrey Ludham, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1258–1265) William Langton, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1265) Walter Giffard, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1266–1279) John le Romeyn, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1286–1296)

Henry of Newark, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1296–1299) William Greenfield, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1306–1315) Prince William of Hatfield, Infant son of Edward III (1337) William Melton, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1317–1340) William Zouche, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1342–1352) Henry Percy, soldier (1364–1403) Richard le Scrope, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1398–1405) Henry Bowet, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1407–1423) Thomas Savage, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1501–1507) Hugh Ashton, Archdeacon
Archdeacon
of York
York
(died 1522) John Piers, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1589–1594) George Meriton, Dean of York
York
(1579–1624) Thomas Danby (MP) (1610–1660) Richard Neile, Archbishop
Archbishop
(1631-1640) Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, (1730–1782) John Farr Abbott, barrister (1756–1794)

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Astronomical clock[edit] Main article: York
York
Minster astronomical clock The astronomical clock was installed in the North Transept
Transept
of York Minster in 1955. The clock is a memorial to the airmen operating from bases in Yorkshire, County Durham
County Durham
and Northumberland
Northumberland
who were killed in action during the Second World War.[38] Illuminations[edit]

The West Door, illuminated in December 2005

In November 2002, York
York
Minster was illuminated in colour, devised by York-born Mark Brayshaw, for the first time in its history. The occasion was televised live on the BBC1 Look North programme. Similar illuminations have been projected over the Christmas period in subsequent years. York
York
Minster was also artistically illuminated on 5 November 2005, celebrating the 400th anniversary of the foiling of York-born Guy Fawkes' gunpowder plot. This was done by Patrice Warrener
Patrice Warrener
using his unique "chromolithe" technique with which he 'paints' with light, picking out sculpted architectural details. In October 2010, York
York
Minster's south transept was selected for "Rose", a son et lumiere created by international artists Ross Ashton and Karen Monid which lit up the entire exterior of the south transept of the minster and illuminated the Rose Window. There were also satellite illuminate events in Dean's Park. York
York
Mystery Plays[edit] Main article: York
York
Mystery Plays In 2000, the Dean and Chapter allowed the York
York
Mystery Plays to be performed for the first time inside the Minster, directed by Greg Doran.[39] The Plays returned to the Minster for a second time in 2016, directed by Phillip Breen with Philip McGinley performing the role of Jesus.[40]

See also[edit]

Anglicanism portal Yorkshire portal

The Minster School, York Archbishop's Palace, Bishopthorpe Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England York
York
Minster Police Cathedral
Cathedral
diagram History of Medieval
Medieval
Arabic and Western European domes Dean of York Old Palace (York): Minster Library and Archives

References[edit]

^ Historic England. " Cathedral
Cathedral
Church of St Peter, York
York
Minster (1257222)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g Bigland, John (1815). Yorkshire; or, Original delineations ... of that county. London. p. 211. OCLC 19912009.  ^ https://yorkminster.org/geisha/assets/files/ks3-place-of-worship.pdf ^ " York
York
Minster FAQs". York
York
Minster. Retrieved 1 January 2010.  ^ " York
York
Minster Cathedral". DooYoo.co.uk. 28 March 2008.  ^ a b "Work Minster Fact Sheets: The Five Sisters Window" (PDF). Retrieved 27 February 2018.  ^ Blair, Peter Hunter (1990). The World of Bede (1970 reprint ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge UP. p. 225. ISBN 0521398193.  ^ The most renowned product of the school was Alcuin. ^ "Britannia Biographies: Ealdred, Archbishop
Archbishop
of York". notesfromtheroad.net. Retrieved 2 June 2009.  ^ "The Medieval
Medieval
Minster: History of York". www.historyofyork.org.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2009.  ^ "Jonathan Martin: The Man Who Burned York
York
Minster". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2009.  ^ "Revealed". York
York
Minster. Retrieved 19 September 2015.  ^ "1984: York
York
Minster ablaze". BBC
BBC
News. 9 July 1984. Retrieved 24 June 2010.  ^ " York
York
Minster: a very brief history". www.yorkminster.org. Retrieved 5 October 2008.  ^ " York
York
Minster Press Pack" (PDF). Retrieved 5 October 2008.  ^ "History". The Minster School. Retrieved 12 June 2014.  ^ Historic England
England
(14 June 1954). "Minster Song School (Part), York (1257229)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 July 2017.  ^ Historic England
England
(14 June 1954). "Minster Song School (Part), York (1257259)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 July 2017.  ^ Historic England
England
(14 June 1954). "Minster Song School (Part), York (1257261)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 July 2017.  ^ York
York
Minster centre for school visits, York
York
Minster fact sheets, the great west window ^ Sara N. James, Art in England: The Saxons to the Tudors: 600–1600 (Oxbow books, 2016) page 105 ^ Brown, S. (2003) York
York
Minster: An architectural history c 1220–1500. English Heritage. ^ Gibson, Peter (1979). The Stained and Painted Glass of York
York
Minster. Norwich: Jarrold Publishing. pp. 5–6. ISBN 085306833X.  ^ The ONE Show. 29 January 2008. BBC
BBC
1.  ^ " York
York
Minster Stoneyard blaze caused by electrical fault". York Press. Retrieved 1 January 2010.  ^ " York
York
Minster fire: medieval stained glass window saved". Daily Telegraph. 31 December 2009.  ^ "Fire crews rescue medieval York
York
Minster window". BBC
BBC
News Online. BBC. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  ^ " York
York
Minster window gets major renovation". BBC
BBC
News. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2015.  ^ "Bell ringers update". York
York
Minster Society of Change Ringers. Retrieved 15 October 2016.  ^ Perraudin, Frances (13 October 2016). "For whom the bell tolls: York Minster to fall silent as ringers sacked". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  ^ Peacock, Alix (4 April 2008). "New Bells for York
York
Minster". Minster News. York
York
Minster. Retrieved 10 August 2009.  ^ a b Purey-Cust, A. P. The Very Reverend Dean York
York
Minster (1897) Isbister & Co ^ National Pipe Organ Register- York
York
Minster ^ York
York
Minster — College of Canons (Accessed 6 January 2018) ^ Diocese
Diocese
of Leicester – Installation of Faull as Dean of York ^ York
York
Press – Moger to take charge of Minster services ^ a b York
York
Minster — full accounts, 2013 (Accessed 6 January 2018) ^ "50th Anniversary of the Astronomical Clock" (PDF). York
York
Minster News. York
York
Minster. December 2005. Retrieved 27 July 2008.  ^ Archive of Mystery Plays at National Centre for Early Music. ^ " York
York
Mystery Plays review – an epic medieval disaster movie". The Guardian. 2 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 

Brown, Sarah (1999). Stained Glass at York
York
Minster. London: Scala in association with the Dean and Chapter of York. ISBN 1-85759-219-0.  Pevsner, Nikolaus; Neave, David (1995) [1972]. Yorkshire: York
York
and the East Riding (2nd ed.). London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071061-2.  Willey, Ann (1998). York
York
Minster. London: Scala. ISBN 1-85759-188-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to York
York
Minster.

York
York
Minster (official site) York
York
Minster information on the history of York
York
Minster and photographs Independent travel guide to York
York
Minster with pictures York
York
Minster information and pictures York
York
Minster Information and Images www.theminsteryork.co.uk History of York
York
– the Minster theme on the city's history website Photo essay on interior of York
York
Minster VR York
York
Tour Virtual Tour of York
York
Minster – view the interior and exterior of the Minster in York York
York
Minster, QuickTime image Photos A history of the choristers of York
York
Minster The Guardian
The Guardian
Christmas illuminations The Cathedral
Cathedral
Church of York, 1899, by A. Clutton-Brock, from Project Gutenberg Photos and plans Sound of the chime and photography of York
York
Minster [1] – "Rose" by Ross Ashton & Karen Monid – "son et lumiere" images.

v t e

Cathedrals of the Church of England

Province of Canterbury

Birmingham Bristol Canterbury Chelmsford Chichester Coventry Derby Ely Exeter Gibraltar Gloucester Guildford Hereford Leicester Lichfield Lincoln London, St Paul's Norwich Oxford, Christ Church Peterborough Portsmouth Rochester St Albans St Edmundsbury Salisbury Southwark Truro Wells Winchester Worcester

Province of York

Blackburn Bradford Carlisle Chester Durham Liverpool Manchester Newcastle upon Tyne Peel Ripon Sheffield Southwell Wakefield York

v t e

Deans of York

High Medieval

Hugh William of St. Barbara Robert of Ghent Robert Butevilain Hubert Walter Henry Marshal Simon of Apulia William Testard Hamo Roger de Insula Geoffrey de Norwich Fulk Basset Walter of Kirkham Sewal de Bovil Godfrey Ludham Roger de Holderness/Skeffling William Langton Robert de Scarborough Henry of Newark

Late Medieval

William Hambleton Raymond de Goth William Pickering Robert Pickering William de Colby William Zouche Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord Cardinal Angelicus Grimaud Edmund Stafford Roger Walden Richard Clifford Thomas Langley John Prophet Thomas Polton William Grey Robert Gilbert William Felter Richard Andrew Robert Booth Christopher Urswick William Sheffield Geoffrey Blythe

Early modern

Christopher Bainbridge James Harrington Thomas Wolsey John Yonge Brian Higden Richard Layton Nicholas Wotton Matthew Hutton John Thornborough George Meriton John Scott Richard Marsh William Sancroft Robert Hitch Tobias Wickham Thomas Gale Henry Finch Richard Osbaldeston John Fountayne

Late modern

George Markham William Cockburn Augustus Duncombe Arthur Purey-Cust William Foxley Norris Lionel Ford Herbert Bate Eric Milner-White Alan Richardson Ronald Jasper John Southgate Raymond Furnell Keith Jones Vivienne Faull

v t e

Churches in York

Cathedral

York
York
Minster

Medieval
Medieval
parish churches

All Saints, North Street All Saints, Pavement Holy Trinity, Goodramgate Holy Trinity, Micklegate St Andrew, St Andrewgate St Crux, Pavement St Cuthbert, Peasholme Green St Denys, Walmgate St Helen, Stonegate St John, Micklegate St Lawrence, Lawrence Street St Margaret, Walmgate St Martin, Coney Street St Martin-cum-Gregory, Micklegate St Mary Bishophill Junior St Mary, Castlegate St Michael, Spurriergate St Michael-le-Belfrey, High Petergate St Olave's, Marygate St Sampson, Church Street St Saviour, St Saviourgate Demolished churches

Other Anglican churches

Christ Church, Stockton Lane

Roman Catholic churches

Bar Convent St George, George Street St Wilfrid, Duncombe Place

Other churches

The Ark Church York
York
Unitarian Chapel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155835167 LCCN: n50070955 ISNI: 0000 0001 2191 1610 GND: 1053432-5 BIBSYS: 6025457 NLA: 35624428 NKC: ko2008441522 B

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