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Coordinates : 40°56′29″N 73°51′52″W / 40.94139°N 73.86444°W / 40.94139; -73.86444

YONKERS, NEW YORK

City

Corporation of the City of Yonkers

View of Yonkers from the New Jersey Palisades in 2013

Flag Seal

Nickname(s): The Central City, The City of Gracious Living, The City of Seven Hills, The City with Vision, The Sixth Borough , The Terrace City

Location in Westchester County and the State of New York

Coordinates: 40°56′29″N 73°51′52″W / 40.94139°N 73.86444°W / 40.94139; -73.86444

COUNTRY United States

STATE New York

COUNTY Westchester

FOUNDED 1646 (village)

INCORPORATED 1872 (city)

GOVERNMENT

• TYPE Mayor-Council

• BODY Yonkers City Council

• MAYOR Mike Spano (D )

AREA

• TOTAL 20.30 sq mi (52.57 km2)

• LAND 18.01 sq mi (46.65 km2)

• WATER 2.28 sq mi (5.92 km2)

ELEVATION 82 ft (25 m)

POPULATION (2010 )

• TOTAL 195,976

• ESTIMATE (2016) 200,807

• DENSITY 11,148.51/sq mi (4,304.41/km2)

DEMONYM(S) Yonkersonian Yonkersite

TIME ZONE EST ( UTC-5 )

• SUMMER (DST ) EDT ( UTC-4 )

ZIP CODES 10701, 10702 (post office), 10703, 10704, 10705, 10707 (shared with Tuckahoe, NY ), 10708 (shared with Bronxville, NY ), 10710

AREA CODE(S) 914

FIPS CODE 36-84000

GNIS FEATURE ID 0971828

WEBSITE www.yonkersny.gov

YONKERS (/ˈjɒŋkərz/ ) is the fourth most populous city in the U.S. state of New York (behind New York City
New York City
, Buffalo , and Rochester ), and the most populous city in Westchester County . The population of Yonkers was 195,976 as enumerated in the 2010 United States Census and is estimated to have increased by 2.5% to 200,807 in 2016. It is an inner suburb of New York City, directly to the north of the Bronx and approximately two miles (3 km) north of the northernmost point in Manhattan
Manhattan
.

Yonkers' downtown is centered on a plaza known as Getty Square , where the municipal government is located. The downtown area also houses significant local businesses and non-profits, and serves as a major retail hub for Yonkers and the northwest Bronx.

The city is home to several attractions, including the Hudson River Museum ; Saw Mill River daylighting , wherein a parking lot was removed to uncover a river; Science Barge ; Sherwood House
Sherwood House
; and Yonkers Raceway , a harness racing track that has renovated its grounds and clubhouse and added legalized video slot machine gambling in 2006 in a "racino " called Empire City.

Major shopping areas are located in Getty Square , on South Broadway, at the Cross County Shopping Center and Westchester\'s Ridge Hill , and along Central Park Avenue , informally called "Central Ave" by area residents, a name it takes officially a few miles north in White Plains .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early years * 1.2 19th century * 1.3 20th century * 1.4 Ethnic communities * 1.5 21st century

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 3 Demographics

* 4 Neighborhoods

* 4.1 Northeast Yonkers * 4.2 Northwest Yonkers * 4.3 Southeast Yonkers * 4.4 Southwest Yonkers

* 5 Government * 6 Education

* 7 Transportation

* 7.1 Mass transit * 7.2 Roads and paths

* 8 Fire department * 9 Notable people * 10 In popular culture * 11 Gallery * 12 Twin towns and sister cities * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 Further reading * 16 External links

HISTORY

EARLY YEARS

Philipse Manor Hall
Philipse Manor Hall

The land on which the city is built was once part of a 24,000-acre (97-square-kilometer) land grant called Colen Donck that ran from the current Manhattan- Bronx
Bronx
border at Marble Hill northwards for 12 miles (19 km), and from the Hudson River eastwards to the Bronx River . This grant was purchased in July 1645 by Adriaen van der Donck , the first lawyer in North America. Van der Donck was known locally as the Jonkheer or Jonker (etymologically, "young gentleman," derivation of old Dutch jong (young) and heer ("lord"); in effect, " Esquire "), a word from which the name "Yonkers" is directly derived. Van der Donck built a saw mill near where the Nepperhan Creek met the Hudson; the Nepperhan is now also known as the Saw Mill River . Van der Donck was killed in the Peach War
Peach War
. His wife, Mary Doughty, was taken captive and ransomed later.

Near the site of van der Donck's mill is Philipse Manor Hall
Philipse Manor Hall
, a Colonial-era manor house which today serves as a museum and archive, offering many glimpses into life before the American Revolution. The original structure (later enlarged) was built around 1682 by Frederick Philipse and his wife Margaret Hardenbroeck. Frederick was a wealthy Dutchman who by the time of his death had amassed an enormous estate, which encompassed the entire modern City of Yonkers, as well as several other Hudson River towns. Philipse's great-grandson, Frederick Philipse III, was a prominent Loyalist during the American Revolution , who, because of his political leanings, was forced to flee to England. All the lands that belonged to the Philipse family were confiscated and sold.

19TH CENTURY

Yonkers, New York.

For its first two hundred years, Yonkers was a small farming town with an active industrial waterfront. Yonkers's later growth rested largely on developing industry. In 1853, Elisha Otis invented the first safety elevator and the Otis Elevator Company , opened the first elevator factory in the world on the banks of the Hudson near what is now Vark Street. It relocated to larger quarters (now the Yonkers Public Library) in the 1880s. Around the same time, the Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company (in the Saw Mill River Valley) expanded to 45 buildings, 800 looms, and over 4,000 workers and was known as one of the premier carpet producing centers in the world.

The community was incorporated as a village in the northern part of the Town of Yonkers in 1854 and as a city in 1872. In 1874 the southern part of Yonkers, including Kingsbridge and Riverdale , was annexed by New York City
New York City
as The Bronx . In 1898, Yonkers (along with Brooklyn
Brooklyn
, Queens
Queens
, and Staten Island ) voted on a referendum to determine if they wanted to become part of New York City
New York City
. While the results were positive elsewhere, the returns were so negative in Yonkers and neighboring Mount Vernon that those two areas were not included in the consolidated city, and remained independent. Still, some residents call the city "the Sixth Borough " referring to its location on the New York City
New York City
border, its urban character, and the failed merger vote.

The New York City
New York City
and Northern Railway Company (later the New York Central Railroad ) connected Yonkers to Manhattan
Manhattan
and points north from 1888. A three-mile spur to Getty Square existed until 1943.

Aside from being a manufacturing center, Yonkers also played a key role in the development of entertainment in the United States. In 1888, Scottish-born John Reid founded the first golf course in the United States, St. Andrew's Golf Club, in Yonkers.

20TH CENTURY

"Typical homes of New York business men" in the Colonial Heights neighborhood of Yonkers, 1911.

Bakelite , the first completely synthetic plastic, was invented in Yonkers circa 1906 by Leo Baekeland, and manufactured there until the late 1920s. Today, two of the former Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company loft buildings located at 540 and 578 Nepperhan Avenue have been repurposed to house the YoHo Artist Community , a collective group of talented artists that works out of private studios there.

Early in the 20th century, Yonkers also hosted a brass era automobile maker, Colt Runabout Company ; despite the car's seemingly glowing performance, the company went under. Yonkers was also the headquarters of the Waring Hat Company, at the time the nation's largest hat manufacturer. World War II
World War II
saw the city's factories manufacture such items as tents and blankets in the Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Factory and tanks in the Otis Elevator factory. After World War II
World War II
, however, with increased competition from less expensive imports, Yonkers lost much of its manufacturing activity. The Alexander Smith Carpet Company, one of the city's largest employers, ceased operation during a labor dispute in June 1954. In 1983, the Otis Elevator Factory finally closed its doors. With the loss of jobs in the city itself, Yonkers became primarily a residential city, and some neighborhoods, such as Crestwood and Park Hill , became popular with wealthy New Yorkers who wished to live outside Manhattan
Manhattan
without giving up urban conveniences. Yonkers's excellent transportation infrastructure, including three commuter railroad lines (now two: the Harlem and Hudson Lines ) and five parkways and thruways, as well as its 15-minute drive from Manhattan
Manhattan
and picturesque prewar homes and apartment buildings, made it a desirable city in which to live. Yonkers's manufacturing sector has also shown a recent resurgence.

On January 4, 1940, Yonkers resident Edwin Howard Armstrong transmitted the first FM radio broadcast (on station W2XCR ) from the Yonkers home of C.R. Runyon, a co-experimenter. Yonkers also had the longest running pirate radio station, owned by Allan Weiner during the 1970s through the 1980s.

In 1942, a short subway connection was planned between Getty Square and the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line , which terminates in Riverdale at 242nd Street just slightly south of the city line, but the plan was dropped.

In 1960, the Census
Census
Bureau reported Yonkers's population as 95.8% white and 4.0% black. The city's struggles with racial discrimination and segregation were highlighted in a decades-long federal lawsuit. After a 1985 decision and an unsuccessful appeal, Yonkers's schools were integrated in 1988. The federal judge, Leonard B. Sand ruled that Yonkers had engaged in institutional segregation in housing and school policies for over 40 years and tied the illegal concentration of public housing and private housing discrimination to the city's resistance to ending racial isolation in its public schools. Yonkers Public Library

In the 1980s and 1990s, Yonkers developed a national reputation for racial tension, based on a long-term battle between the City of Yonkers and the NAACP over the building of subsidized low-income housing projects. The city planned to use federal funding for urban renewal efforts within Downtown
Downtown
Yonkers exclusively; other groups, led by the NAACP, felt that the resulting concentration of low-income housing in traditionally poor neighborhoods perpetuated poverty. Yonkers gained national/international attention during the summer of 1988, when it reneged on its previous agreement to build promised municipal public housing in the eastern portions of the city, an agreement it had made in a consent decree after losing an appeal in 1987. After this reversal, the city was found in contempt of the federal courts, and United States district court Judge Leonard Sand imposed a fine on Yonkers which started at $1 and doubled every day until the city capitulated to the federally mandated plan. Yonkers remained in contempt of the courts until September 9, 1988, when the City Council relented in the wake of library closures and sanitation cutbacks and while looking at massive city layoffs, which would have been required to continue its resistance to desegregation. First-term mayor Nicholas C. Wasicsko fought to save the city from financial disaster and bring about unity. Yonkers's youngest mayor (elected at age 28), Wasicsko was a lonely figure in city politics, which was scarred with the stigma of the " Balkanization
Balkanization
of Yonkers". He succeeded in helping to end the city's contempt of the courts, but was voted out of office as a result. His story is the subject of a miniseries called Show Me a Hero that aired on HBO in 2015, which is based on the 1999 nonfiction book of the same name by former New York Times writer, Lisa Belkin.

A Kawasaki railroad cars assembly plant opened in 1986 in the former Otis plant, producing the new R142A , R143 , R160B , and R188 cars for the New York City
New York City
Subway , and the PA4 and PA5 series for PATH .

ETHNIC COMMUNITIES

Yonkers is a diverse community, that is well represented by many ethnicities. Hispanics are prominent in Yonkers including, but not limited to, large population of Dominicans and Puerto Ricans. Also prominent is the African American community, many of whom migrated north to Yonkers during the Great Migration (African American)
Great Migration (African American)
from 1930's-1970's. Dignitaries at the 2005 Yonkers Saint Patrick's Day Parade

The Irish-American community is prominent in Yonkers, and the city hosts one of the nation's oldest St. Patrick\'s Day parades. It is also home to a large Italian-American community, and the city hosts a large Columbus Day festival with a "Miss Italian-American" pageant. Yonkers also has a significant Portuguese population.

Yonkers also has a large Slavic community. In the early and mid-20th century a large number of people emigrated from Poland
Poland
, Ukraine
Ukraine
, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
, Russia
Russia
, and Croatia
Croatia
. Recently a large number of immigrants from the former Yugoslavia have called Yonkers home. The Slavic community is centered around St. Casimir's Roman Catholic Church, Most Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church, Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church, and St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic Church. The city also has a stanytsia (branch) of Plast
Plast
.

Yonkers also has a large Arab population, coinciding with the high percentage of Arabic speakers in Yonkers. Most of these Arabs come from the Levant region, mainly from Jordan
Jordan
, Palestine , and Lebanon
Lebanon
, and are of the Christian faith. The Arabic community specifically Jordanian currently has three churches in the city, Virgin Mary Orthodox Church, St Mary's Roman Catholic Church, and Christ the Savior Melkite Church. The community settled in Yonkers in the late 1940s and has since continued a steady growth.

There also once was a significant Jewish
Jewish
population (the Broadway plays Lost in Yonkers and Hello Dolly take place within the Yonkers Jewish
Jewish
community). However, it has dwindled.

21ST CENTURY

In the 2000s, some areas bordering similar neighborhoods in Riverdale began seeing an influx of Orthodox Jews . Subsequently, Riverdale Hatzalah
Hatzalah
Volunteer Ambulance Service began serving some neighborhoods in the southwest section of the city. There is also a small Jewish cemetery, the Sherwood Park Cemetery.

GEOGRAPHY

High-rise apartments along the Hudson River in Northwest Yonkers

The city is spread out over hills rising from near sea level at the eastern bank of the Hudson River to 416 feet (126 m) at Sacred Heart Church, whose spire can be seen from Long Island , New York City
New York City
, and New Jersey .

The city occupies 20.3 square miles (52.6 km²), including 18.1 square miles (46.8 km²) of land and 2.2 square miles (5.8 km²) (11.02%) of water, according to the United States Census Bureau . The Bronx River separates Yonkers from Mount Vernon , Tuckahoe , Eastchester , Bronxville
Bronxville
, and Scarsdale to the east. The town of Greenburgh is to the north, and on the western border is the Hudson River .

On the south, Yonkers borders the Riverdale , Woodlawn , and Wakefield sections of The Bronx . In addition, the southernmost point of Yonkers is only 2 miles (3 kilometres) north of the northernmost point of Manhattan
Manhattan
when measured from Broadway & Caryl Avenue in Yonkers to Broadway 22.7% spoke Spanish , 3.9% Italian , 5% Arabic and 1.3% Portuguese at home.

There were 74,351 households out of which 30.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them in 2000, 44.2% are married couples living together, 17.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% are non-families. 29.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.23.

In 2000, the city the population is spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 25, 30.6% from 25 to 45, 21.2% from 45 to 65, and 15.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,663 in 2000, and the median income for a family is $53,233. Males have a median income of $41,598 versus $34,756 for females. The per capita income for the city is $22,793. 15.5% of the population and 13.0% of families are below the poverty line . Out of the total population, 24.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

NEIGHBORHOODS

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Though Yonkers contains many small residential enclaves and communities, it can conveniently be divided into four quarters, demarcated by the Saw Mill River. There are 37 or more distinct neighborhoods, though many of these names are rarely used today except by older residents and real-estate brokers.

NORTHEAST YONKERS

Northeast Yonkers is a primarily Irish-American and Italian-American area. Though suburban, it more closely resembles parts of the Bronx than the town of Greenburgh to the north. House sizes vary widely, from small houses set close together, to larger homes in areas like Lawrence Park West, and mid-rise apartment buildings along Central Avenue ( NY 100
NY 100
). Central Avenue (officially named Central Park Avenue) provides an abundance of shopping for Yonkers residents. Shopping centers along Central Avenue include stores such as Best Buy, Burlington Coat Factory, Kohl's, Bob's Furniture and Barnes "> The Blue Cube, a landmark former factory on the Northwest Yonkers waterfront. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church Riverdale Avenue looking north from the Bronx
Bronx
line Messiah Baptist Church

NORTHWEST YONKERS

Northwest Yonkers is a collection of widely varying neighborhoods, spanning from the Hudson River to around the New York State Thruway /I-87 and from Ashburton Avenue north to the Hastings-on-Hudson border. With the Hudson River bordering it to the west, this area has many beautiful Victorian-era homes with panoramic views of the Palisades . An interest in historic preservation has taken hold in this neighborhood in recent years, as demonstrated on streets like Shonnard Terrace, Delavan Terrace and Hudson Terrace. The population of northwestern Yonkers is probably the most ethnically diverse in the city.

Neighborhoods include Nepera Park, Runyon Heights , Homefield, Glenwood, and Greystone. Landmarks include the Hudson River Museum
Hudson River Museum
, Untermyer Park and the Lenoir Nature Preserve. The significant amount of surviving Victorian architecture and 19th century estates in northwest Yonkers has attracted many filmmakers in recent years.

The two block section of Palisade Avenue between Chase and Roberts Avenues in northwest Yonkers is colloquially known as "the north end" or "the end". It was and still is the only retail area in the neighborhood, and was well known for an original soda fountain store, "Urich's," and Robbins Pharmacy. It was once the end of the #2 trolley line, which has since been replaced by a Bee-line Bus route. One part of Yonkers that is sometimes overlooked is Nepera Park. This is a small section at the northern part of Nepperhan Avenue on the Hastings-on-Hudson border. Nepperhan Avenue in Nepera Park is also a major shopping district for the area.

SOUTHEAST YONKERS

Southeast Yonkers is mostly Irish-American (many of the Irish being native born) and Italian-American. Many of the businesses and type of architecture in southeast Yonkers bear a greater resemblance to certain parts of the Bronx
Bronx
, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
, Queens
Queens
, or Staten Island than to points north. This is not surprising as southeastern Yonkers is largely within walking distance of the Riverdale , Woodlawn , and Wakefield sections of the Bronx. Many residents regard eastern McLean Avenue, home to a vibrant Irish community shared with the Woodlawn section of the Bronx, to be the true hub of Yonkers.

Similarly, a portion of Midland Avenue in the Dunwoodie section has been called the "Little Italy" of Yonkers. Landmarks of southeastern Yonkers include the Cross County Shopping Center , Yonkers Raceway, and St. Joseph\'s Seminary in the Dunwoodie neighborhood, which was visited by Pope John Paul II in October 1995 and later by Pope Benedict XVI in April 2008.

SOUTHWEST YONKERS

Getty Square , Yonkers's downtown , is the civic center and central business district of the city. Much of southwest Yonkers grew densely along the multiple railroad and trolley (now bus) lines along South Broadway and in Getty Square , connecting to New York City
New York City
. Clusters of apartment buildings surrounded the stations of the Yonkers branch of the New York and Putnam Railroad
New York and Putnam Railroad
and the Third Avenue Railway trolley lines, and these buildings still remain although now served by the Bee-Line Bus System ; The railroad companies themselves built neighborhoods of mixed housing types ranging from apartment buildings to large mansions in areas like Park Hill wherein the railroad also built a funicular to connect it with the train station in the valley. This traditionally African-American and white area has seen a tremendous influx of immigrants from Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, South Asia, and the Middle East. Off South Broadway and Yonkers Avenue one can find residential neighborhoods, such as Lowerre, Nodine Hill, Park Hill , and Hudson Park (off the Hudson River) with a mix of building styles ranging from dense clusters of apartment buildings, blocks of retail with apartments above, multifamily row houses , and detached single-family homes.

Other neighborhoods of these types, although with a larger number of detached houses, are Ludlow Park, Hudson Park and Van Cortlandt Crest, off Riverdale Avenue, right over the Riverdale border - the former alongside the Hudson River .

The area is also home to significant historical and educational institutions including the historic Philipse Manor Hall
Philipse Manor Hall
(a New York State Historic Site that houses one of three papier mache ceilings in the United States), The Science Barge , Beczak Environmental Education Center, and a 2003 Yonkers Public Library .

Many residents are of African , Caribbean
Caribbean
, Italian , or Mexican descent while an influx those from other cultural backgrounds has continued to shape a culturally diverse community. Some neighborhoods right on the Riverdale border are increasingly becoming home to Orthodox Jews . The revitalization of the Getty Square area has helped to nurture growth for Southwest Yonkers.

In the early 2000s several new luxury apartment buildings, such as 66 Main, were built along the Hudson. There is also a new "Sculpture Meadow on the Hudson," renovation of a Victorian-era pier, and a new public library housed in the remodeled Otis elevator factory. Peter Kelly 's award-winning fine dining restaurant X20 - Xaviars on Hudson is located at the renovated pier with much success. There are new proposals along with the current projects which are intended to revitalize downtown Yonkers.

GOVERNMENT

Yonkers is governed via a mayor-council system. The Yonkers City Council consists of seven members, six each elected from one of six districts, as well as a Council President to preside over the council. The mayor and city council president are elected in a citywide vote. The current mayor is Democrat Mike Spano and the Council President is Liam McLaughlin .

Yonkers is typically a Democratic stronghold just like the rest of Westchester County and most of New York state on the national level. In 1992, Yonkers voted for George H. W. Bush over Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
and Ross Perot
Ross Perot
for president, but has voted solidly Democratic ever since. At a local level, recent mayors of Yonkers have included Republicans Phil Amicone and John Spencer , while the Yonkers City Council has mostly been controlled by Republicans. In the State Assembly, Yonkers is represented by Democrats J. Gary Pretlow and Shelley Mayer , and in the New York State Senate
New York State Senate
, by Democrats Andrea Stewart-Cousins and George Latimer . At the federal level, Democratic representative Eliot Engel represents the city.

EDUCATION

Public schools in Yonkers are operated by Yonkers Public Schools
Yonkers Public Schools
.

Sarah Lawrence College , which gives its address as Bronxville/Yonkers, is actually located in Yonkers. Westchester Community College operates a number of extension centers in Yonkers, with the largest one at the Cross County Shopping Center .

Libraries are operated by the Yonkers Public Library .

The Japanese School of New York
The Japanese School of New York
was located in Yonkers for one year; on August 18, 1991 the school moved to Yonkers from Queens
Queens
, New York City and on September 1, 1992 classes began at its current location in Greenwich, Connecticut
Greenwich, Connecticut
. St. Peter's Catholic Elementary School at 204 Hawthorne Avenue, founded by the Sisters of Charity, celebrated its 100th anniversary in September 2011.

Academy for Jewish
Jewish
Religion , a rabbinical and cantorial school, is located in the Getty Square neighborhood of Yonkers. Saint Vladimir\'s Orthodox Theological Seminary is located in Crestwood.

TRANSPORTATION

Yonkers Metro-North train station.

MASS TRANSIT

Yonkers has the eleventh-highest rate of public transit ridership among cities in the United States, and 27% of Yonkers households do not own a car.

Bus service in Yonkers is provided by Westchester County Bee-Line Bus System , the second-largest bus system in New York State, along with some MTA Bus Company express routes to Manhattan. Yonkers is the top origin and destination for the Bee-Line Bus service area, including Westchester and the northern Bronx, with the Getty Square intermodal hub seeing passenger levels in the millions annually.

Yonkers is served by two heavy-rail commuter lines. Hudson Line Metro-North Railroad stations provide commuter service to New York City: Ludlow , Yonkers , Glenwood and Greystone . The Yonkers station is also served by Amtrak
Amtrak
. Several Harlem Line
Harlem Line
stations are on or very near the city's eastern border. These include Wakefield , Mt. Vernon West , Fleetwood , Bronxville
Bronxville
, Tuckahoe and Crestwood . A third commuter line dating from the late 19th century, the Putnam Division
Putnam Division
, was shut down in phases with the final passenger trains making their last runs in May 1958.

New York Water Taxi
New York Water Taxi
formerly operated a ferry service from downtown Yonkers to Manhattan's Financial District , but it ceased in December 2009.

ROADS AND PATHS

Major limited-access roads in Yonkers include Interstate 87 (the New York State Thruway ), the Saw Mill , Bronx River , Sprain Brook and Cross County parkways . US 9 , NY 9A and 100 are important surface streets.

The main line of the former New York and Putnam Railroad
New York and Putnam Railroad
running through the middle of Yonkers has been converted into a paved walking and bicycling path, called the South County Trailway . It runs north-south in Yonkers from the Hastings-on-Hudson border in the north to the Bronx
Bronx
border in the south at Van Cortlandt Park where it is unpaved as of 2014 and is referred to as the Putnam Trail. Yonkers Fire Department headquarters from 1927 to 2015

The historic Croton Aqueduct
Croton Aqueduct
tunnel has a hard-packed dirt trail, called the Old Croton Aqueduct
Croton Aqueduct
Trailway , running above it for most of its length in Yonkers, with a few on-street routes on the edge of the Getty Square neighborhood.

FIRE DEPARTMENT

The city of Yonkers is protected by 459 firefighters of the city of Yonkers Fire Department (YFD), under the command of a Fire Commissioner and 3 Deputy Chiefs. Founded in 1896, the YFD operates out of 11 Fire Stations, located throughout the city in 2 Battalions, under the command of 1 Assistant Chief per shift. The Yonkers Fire Department also operates a fire apparatus fleet of 10 Engines, 6 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue, 1 Fireboat, 1 Air Cascade Unit, 1 USAR (Urban Search And Rescue)Collapse Unit, 1 Foam Unit, 1 Haz-Mat Unit, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. The YFD responds to approximately 16,000 emergency calls annually.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Carlos Alazraqui , actor, stand-up comedian, impressionist * Anthrax , influential thrash metal band * Edwin Howard Armstrong , transmitted first FM radio broadcast * David Berkowitz , serial killer known as the Son of Sam * James Blake , tennis player * William F. Bleakley , attorney, judge and politician * Mary J. Blige , R&B
R&B
singer * Mike Breen , sports broadcaster * Billy Burch , professional hockey player * Michael Burns , actor, historian, horse breeder, reared in Yonkers from 1949 to 1956 * Sid Caesar
Sid Caesar
, actor and comedian * Robert Celestino , writer and director * James Comey
James Comey
, director of the FBI * Dave Costa , NFL player, Saunders HS 1957–1959 * Cathy DeBuono , actress, psychotherapist, radio personality * Alfred DelBello , Mayor
Mayor
of Yonkers * Doug DeWitt , professional boxer * DMX , rapper, actor * Tiziano Thomas Dossena , writer, editor * Tommy Dreamer , professional wrestler * Rudolf Eickemeyer, Jr. , photographer * Klement Tinaj , actor * Thomas Mikal Ford , actor * Frances Foster , actress * Ron Garan
Ron Garan
, astronaut * Tawny Godin , Miss America 1976, TV journalist (Tawny Little) * Nealon Greene , professional football player (CFL) * W.C. Handy , composer and musician * Lewis Hine , photographer * Joe Howard , actor * Immolation , Death metal band * Ethel D. Jacobs , thoroughbred racehorse owner * Jadakiss , rapper, member of The LOX * Ekrem Jevrić , Montenegrin singer, rapper * Richard Joel , president of Yeshiva University * Sean Kilpatrick , professional basketball player * Eddie Kingston , professional wrestler * Gene Krupa , drummer * Joe Lapchick
Joe Lapchick
, basketball coach * Clayton LeBouef , actor * Stagga Lee , musician * Henrietta Wells Livermore , women's suffragist leader * Sheek Louch
Sheek Louch
, rapper, member of The LOX * Linda Lovelace , star of 1972 "porno chic " film Deep Throat * Richard Masur , actor * Ryan Meara
Ryan Meara
, professional soccer player * Lawrence Monoson , actor * Cathy Moriarty , actress * John Howard Northrop , co-recipient of 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry * Elisha Otis , inventor of the safety elevator and Otis Elevator Company * Outasight , singer, rapper * Erik Palladino , actor * Joe Panik
Joe Panik
, professional baseball player * Floyd Patterson , champion heavyweight boxer * Eulace Peacock
Eulace Peacock
, track and field athlete who defeated Jesse Owens in sprints * Kevin Puts , Pulitzer Prize-winning composer * Patrick Quinlan , author, activist * Will Rahmer , musician * Sally Regenhard , community activist * Vincent Richards
Vincent Richards
, professional tennis player * Steve Ridzik , professional baseball player * Adam Rodriguez , actor * Joe Ruback , license plate guy * Betty Shabazz , widow of civil rights leader Malcolm X * Robert Shayne , actor * Alexander Smith , founder of Alexander Smith & Sons Carpet Company * Mike Spano , Mayor
Mayor
of Yonkers * Charles Proteus Steinmetz
Charles Proteus Steinmetz
, German-American mathematician and electrical engineer * Joseph Stilwell , U.S. Army General during World War I and World War II * Avery Storm , R John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award runner-up * Malcolm Wilson , former Governor of New York * Tom Wolk , Hall Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind , with Jim Carrey and Kate Winslet ; Mona Lisa Smile , with Julia Roberts ; A Beautiful Mind , with Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
, Big Daddy , with Adam Sandler , The Preacher\'s Wife (a remake of The Bishop\'s Wife ), with Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston ; and Kate and Leopold , with Meg Ryan and Hugh Jackman . Some TV series' episodes of Fringe , The Blacklist , and The Following
The Following
were taped in the downtown area. the City Hall Courtroom is also the setting for many film scenes and commercials. * Yonkers was also used as a filming location in the movie Riding in Cars with Boys . * In Max Brooks
Max Brooks
's novel, World War Z
World War Z
, the US armed forces are defeated in the Battle of Yonkers by a horde of zombies . * Yonkers is one of the settings in the musical Hello Dolly! * A character in the musical Gypsy: A Musical Fable is named after Yonkers. * Neil Simon 's play Lost In Yonkers , set in the city. The story is about two young boys during World War II
World War II
, whose father leaves them with their grandmother in Yonkers so he can earn money for the family. * Yonkers was shown on A Shot at Love 2 with Tila Tequila as it was contestant Kristy\'s hometown. * Yonkers is mentioned in Bon Jovi 's song "Raise Your Hands ". * In 2011, rapper Tyler, The Creator of Odd Future released his song "Yonkers ". * On October 21, 2011, filming for the movie Disconnect (2012) took place at the Cross County Shopping Center . * Jessie - In the episode "Kids Don't Wanna Be Shunned," a new girl at school named Bryn is mean to Emma and claims she's from Europe. At the end of the episode, it is revealed that she is from Yonkers. * A season 4 episode of Bar Rescue was filmed in Yonkers. * The season 17 premiere episode of Law and Order: Special
Special
Victims Unit was filmed at the Saw Mill Diner on Saw Mill River Rd. * The HBO miniseries Show Me a Hero takes place, and was filmed, in Yonkers.

GALLERY

*

Yonkers Welcome Sign *

Yonkers Saint Patrick's Day Parade 2010 *

Fountains at Westchester\'s Ridge Hill *

The Yonkers Metro-North Station *

The Saw Mill River in Getty Square *

Westbound McLean Avenue at ParkHill Avenue *

Eastbound Cross County Parkway
Cross County Parkway

TWIN TOWNS AND SISTER CITIES

Yonkers is twinned with:

* Kamëz
Kamëz
in Albania
Albania
(2011–present) * Ternopil
Ternopil
in Ukraine
Ukraine
(1991–present)

SEE ALSO

* Hudson Valley portal * New York portal

* Jonkheer * National Register of Historic Places listings in Yonkers, New York

* Westchester County, New York
Westchester County, New York

REFERENCES

* ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017. * ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ A B "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey . 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ "Yonkers". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 24 September 2014. * ^ A B "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 Population Estimates Yonkers city, New York". United States Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved September 8, 2017. * ^ Erik (2009-08-19). "Interactive Map: Dutch Place Names in New York Dutch New York". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2011-09-16. * ^ Nevius, Michelle & Nevius, James (2009), Inside the Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City, New York: Free Press, ISBN 141658997X , p.177-78 * ^ Kinlock, Ken. "New York Central\'s Putnam Division". kinglyheirs.com. * ^ "Ryder Cup: Painting celebrates Dunfermline links to American golf". BBC. Retrieved December 29, 2014 * ^ Heitman, Charles E. (1911). "The Home Problem in Great Cities and How Engineering Achievement is Solving It". Cassier's Magazine. Cassier's Magazine. * ^ Fallon, Bill (March 3, 2008). "Industrial Arts: Carpet Mills Become Studio Central," Westchester County Business Journal, p. 49. * ^ No apparent relation to Colt's Patent Firearms. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.63. * ^ "Wants Subway Extended: Yonkers Mayor
Mayor
to Ask City to Take Over N.Y.C. Branch". New York Times. June 27, 1942. Retrieved 17 August 2015. * ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (November 1, 2013), The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City\'s Unbuilt Subway System, Fordham University Press, ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2 * ^ A B C D E "New York - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census
Census
to 1990". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau.

* ^ "Riverdale Hatzalah". riverdalehatzalah.org. * ^ "Sherwood Park Cemetery, Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, United States - Nearby Cities, Nearby Cemeteries and Genealogy Resources - Histopolis". Test.histopolis.com. 2012-11-21. Retrieved 2013-03-12. * ^ "Wordsmith.org -- Online Chat with Paul Dickson". wordsmith.org. * ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau , March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486 . Accessed October 6, 2013. * ^ A B "Yonkers (city), New York". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. * ^ "American Fact Finder". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2011-03-24. * ^ "Yonkers Victorian Homes". victoriansource.com. * ^ "Welcome to the Yonkers Public Library!-Hours and Directions". Ypl.org. 2008-12-07. Archived from the original on July 29, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-06. * ^ Johnson, Liz (3 Feb 2010). \'No Reservations\' Hudson Valley Style: Tony Bourdain and Bill Murray Dine at X20. "Small Bites: Food Finds in the Lower Hudson Valley". Accessed 6 Feb 2011. * ^ X2O Xaviars On The Hudson. Xaviars Restaurant Group. Accessed 13 Jul 2015. * ^ "Sarah Lawrence College. A Deeper Education". Retrieved 2013-06-20. * ^ haasdesign: Renee Haas. "History". The Village of Bronxville. Archived from the original on 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2013-03-12. * ^ "Page not found - Westchester Community College". sunywcc.edu. * ^ "本校の歩み." The Japanese School of New York
The Japanese School of New York
. Retrieved on January 10, 2012. "1980.12.22 Queens Flushing校に移転。" and "1991.8.18. Westchester Yonkers校へ移転。" and "1992.9.1 Connecticut Greenwich校へ移転。 授業開始。" * ^ List of U.S. cities with most households without a car * ^ Bee-Line System On-Board Survey * ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1981/09/13/nyregion/memories-click-along-the-putnam-line.html * ^ New York Water Taxi. " Ferry
Ferry
Between Manhattan
Manhattan
and Yonkers Is Set to Stop", New York Times . Retrieved September 24, 2011. * ^ List of Fire Stations; City of Yonkers. Archived December 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ List of Fire Department Apparatus; City of Yonkers. * ^ Floyd Patterson: A Boxer and a Gentleman By Alan H. Levy Google Books * ^ Filmmaker: "Tribeca Director Interview: Robert Celestino, Yonkers Joe", April 23, 2008 * ^ Magnolia Pictures: Yonkers Joe
Yonkers Joe
press notes * ^ "Brick by Brick: A Civil Rights Story". California Newsreel . Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015.

* ^ " Tyler, The Creator Gets Odd In \'Yonkers\'". Rapfix.mtv.com. 2011-02-11. Retrieved 2013-03-12. * ^ "Final filming for \'Show Me A Hero\' underway in Yonkers". News 12. Retrieved 19 June 2015. * ^ Kamza binjakëzim me Yonkers Archived October 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ., INA, 2011-10-28 (in Albanian) * ^ Hodara, Susan (October 26, 2008). "Communities; Cities Find Sisters Abroad". © The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-26.

FURTHER READING

* Allison, Charles Elmer. The History of Yonkers. Westchester County, New York (1896). * Duffy, Jennifer Nugent. Who's Your Paddy?: Racial Expectations and the Struggle for Irish American Identity (NYU Press, 2013), Irish Catholics in Yonkers * Hufeland, Otto. Westchester County During the American Revolution, 1775–1783 (1926) * Madden, Joseph P. ed. A Documentary History of Yonkers, New York: The Unsettled Years, 1853–1860 (Vol. 2. Heritage Books, 1992) * Weigold, Marilyn E., Yonkers in the Twentieth Century (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2014). xvi, 364 pp.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to YONKERS, NEW YORK .

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for YONKERS .

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