The Info List - Yonkers, New York

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Coordinates: 40°56′29″N 73°51′52″W / 40.94139°N 73.86444°W / 40.94139; -73.86444

Yonkers, New York


Corporation of the City of Yonkers

View of Yonkers from the New Jersey Palisades
New Jersey Palisades
in 2013



Nickname(s): The Central City, The City of Gracious Living, The City of Seven Hills, The City with Vision, The Sixth Borough, The Terrace City

Location in Westchester County
Westchester County
and the State of New York

Coordinates: 40°56′29″N 73°51′52″W / 40.94139°N 73.86444°W / 40.94139; -73.86444

Country  United States

State  New York

County Westchester

Founded 1646 (village)

Incorporated 1872 (city)


 • Type Mayor-Council

 • Body Yonkers City Council

 • Mayor Mike Spano
Mike Spano


 • Total 20.30 sq mi (52.57 km2)

 • Land 18.01 sq mi (46.65 km2)

 • Water 2.28 sq mi (5.92 km2)

Elevation 82 ft (25 m)

Population (2010)

 • Total 195,976 US: 113th

 • Estimate (2016)[2] 200,807

 • Density 11,148.51/sq mi (4,304.41/km2)

Demonym(s) Yonkersonian Yonkersite

Time zone EST (UTC-5)

 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

ZIP codes 10701, 10702 (post office), 10703, 10704, 10705, 10707 (shared with Tuckahoe, NY), 10708 (shared with Bronxville, NY), 10710

Area code(s) 914

FIPS code 36-84000[3]

GNIS feature ID 0971828[4]

Website www.yonkersny.gov

Yonkers (/ˈjɒŋkərz/[5]) is the fourth most populous city in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York, behind New York City, Buffalo, and Rochester. The population of Yonkers was 195,976 as enumerated in the 2010 United States Census
and is estimated to have increased by 2.5% to 200,807 in 2016.[6] It is an inner suburb of New York City, directly to the north of the Bronx
and approximately two miles (3 km) north of the northernmost point in Manhattan. Yonkers' downtown is centered on a plaza known as Getty Square, where the municipal government is located. The downtown area also houses significant local businesses and non-profits, and serves as a major retail hub for Yonkers and the northwest Bronx. The city is home to several attractions, including the Hudson River Museum; Saw Mill River
Saw Mill River
daylighting, wherein a parking lot was removed to uncover a river; Science Barge; Sherwood House; and Yonkers Raceway, a harness racing track that has renovated its grounds and clubhouse and added legalized video slot machine gambling in 2006 in a "racino" called Empire City. Major shopping areas are located in Getty Square, on South Broadway, at the Cross County Shopping Center
Cross County Shopping Center
and Westchester's Ridge Hill, and along Central Park Avenue, informally called "Central Ave" by area residents, a name it takes officially a few miles north in White Plains. Yonkers is known as the “City of Seven Hills” that includes: Park Hill, Nodine Hill, Ridge Hill, Cross Hill, Locust Hill, Glen Hill, and Church Hill.


1 History

1.1 Early years 1.2 19th century 1.3 20th century 1.4 Ethnic communities 1.5 21st century

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Neighborhoods

4.1 Northeast Yonkers 4.2 Northwest Yonkers 4.3 Southeast Yonkers 4.4 Southwest Yonkers

5 Government 6 Education 7 Transportation

7.1 Mass transit 7.2 Roads and paths

8 Fire department 9 Notable people 10 In popular culture 11 Gallery 12 Twin towns and sister cities 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

History[edit] Early years[edit]

Philipse Manor Hall

The land on which the city is built was once part of a 24,000-acre (97-square-kilometer) land grant called Colen Donck that ran from the current Manhattan- Bronx
border at Marble Hill northwards for 12 miles (19 km), and from the Hudson River
Hudson River
eastwards to the Bronx
River. This grant was purchased in July 1645 by Adriaen van der Donck, the first lawyer in North America. Van der Donck was known locally as the Jonkheer
or Jonker (etymologically, "young gentleman," derivation of old Dutch jong (young) and heer ("lord"); in effect, "Esquire"), a word from which the name "Yonkers" is directly derived.[7] Van der Donck built a saw mill near where the Nepperhan Creek met the Hudson; the Nepperhan is now also known as the Saw Mill River. Van der Donck was killed in the Peach War. His wife, Mary Doughty, was taken captive and ransomed later. Near the site of van der Donck's mill is Philipse Manor Hall, a Colonial-era manor house which today serves as a museum and archive, offering many glimpses into life before the American Revolution. The original structure (later enlarged) was built around 1682 by Frederick Philipse and his wife Margaret Hardenbroeck. Frederick was a wealthy Dutchman who by the time of his death had amassed an enormous estate, which encompassed the entire modern City of Yonkers, as well as several other Hudson River
Hudson River
towns. Philipse's great-grandson, Frederick Philipse III, was a prominent Loyalist during the American Revolution, who, because of his political leanings, was forced to flee to England. All the lands that belonged to the Philipse family were confiscated and sold. 19th century[edit]

Yonkers, New York.

For its first two hundred years, Yonkers was a small farming town with an active industrial waterfront. Yonkers's later growth rested largely on developing industry. In 1853, Elisha Otis
Elisha Otis
invented the first safety elevator and the Otis Elevator Company, opened the first elevator factory in the world on the banks of the Hudson near what is now Vark Street. It relocated to larger quarters (now the Yonkers Public Library) in the 1880s. Around the same time, the Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company (in the Saw Mill River
Saw Mill River
Valley) expanded to 45 buildings, 800 looms, and over 4,000 workers and was known as one of the premier carpet producing centers in the world. The community was incorporated as a village in the northern part of the Town of Yonkers in 1854 and as a city in 1872. In 1874 the southern part of Yonkers, including Kingsbridge and Riverdale, was annexed by New York City
New York City
as The Bronx. In 1898, Yonkers (along with Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island) voted on a referendum to determine if they wanted to become part of New York City. While the results were positive elsewhere, the returns were so negative in Yonkers and neighboring Mount Vernon that those two areas were not included in the consolidated city, and remained independent.[8] Still, some residents call the city "the Sixth Borough" referring to its location on the New York City
New York City
border, its urban character, and the failed merger vote. The New York City
New York City
and Northern Railway Company (later the New York Central Railroad) connected Yonkers to Manhattan
and points north from 1888. A three-mile spur to Getty Square
Getty Square
existed until 1943.[9] Aside from being a manufacturing center, Yonkers also played a key role in the development of entertainment in the United States. In 1888, Scottish-born John Reid founded the first golf course in the United States, St. Andrew's Golf Club, in Yonkers.[10] 20th century[edit]

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"Typical homes of New York business men" in the Colonial Heights neighborhood of Yonkers, 1911.[11]

Bakelite, the first completely synthetic plastic, was invented in Yonkers circa 1906 by Leo Baekeland, and manufactured there until the late 1920s. Today, two of the former Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company loft buildings located at 540 and 578 Nepperhan Avenue have been repurposed to house the YoHo Artist Community, a collective group of talented artists that works out of private studios there.[12] Early in the 20th century, Yonkers also hosted a brass era automobile maker, Colt Runabout Company;[13] despite the car's seemingly glowing performance, the company went under. Yonkers was also the headquarters of the Waring Hat Company, at the time the nation's largest hat manufacturer. World War II
World War II
saw the city's factories manufacture such items as tents and blankets in the Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Factory and tanks in the Otis Elevator factory. After World War II, however, with increased competition from less expensive imports, Yonkers lost much of its manufacturing activity. The Alexander Smith Carpet Company, one of the city's largest employers, ceased operation during a labor dispute in June 1954. In 1983, the Otis Elevator Factory finally closed its doors. With the loss of jobs in the city itself, Yonkers became primarily a residential city, and some neighborhoods, such as Crestwood and Park Hill, became popular with wealthy New Yorkers who wished to live outside Manhattan
without giving up urban conveniences. Yonkers's excellent transportation infrastructure, including three commuter railroad lines (now two: the Harlem and Hudson Lines) and five parkways and thruways, as well as its 15-minute drive from Manhattan and picturesque prewar homes and apartment buildings, made it a desirable city in which to live. Yonkers's manufacturing sector has also shown a recent resurgence. On January 4, 1940, Yonkers resident Edwin Howard Armstrong transmitted the first FM radio
FM radio
broadcast (on station W2XCR) from the Yonkers home of C.R. Runyon, a co-experimenter. Yonkers also had the longest running pirate radio station, owned by Allan Weiner during the 1970s through the 1980s. In 1942, a short subway connection was planned between Getty Square and the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line, which terminates in Riverdale at 242nd Street just slightly south of the city line, but the plan was dropped.[14][15] In 1960, the Census
Bureau reported Yonkers's population as 95.8% white and 4.0% black.[16] The city's struggles with racial discrimination and segregation were highlighted in a decades-long federal lawsuit. After a 1985 decision and an unsuccessful appeal, Yonkers's schools were integrated in 1988. The federal judge, Leonard B. Sand ruled that Yonkers had engaged in institutional segregation in housing and school policies for over 40 years and tied the illegal concentration of public housing and private housing discrimination to the city's resistance to ending racial isolation in its public schools.[citation needed]

Yonkers Public Library

In the 1980s and 1990s, Yonkers developed a national reputation for racial tension, based on a long-term battle between the City of Yonkers and the NAACP
over the building of subsidized low-income housing projects. The city planned to use federal funding for urban renewal efforts within Downtown
Yonkers exclusively; other groups, led by the NAACP, felt that the resulting concentration of low-income housing in traditionally poor neighborhoods perpetuated poverty. Yonkers gained national/international attention during the summer of 1988, when it reneged on its previous agreement to build promised municipal public housing in the eastern portions of the city, an agreement it had made in a consent decree after losing an appeal in 1987. After this reversal, the city was found in contempt of the federal courts, and United States district court
United States district court
Judge Leonard Sand imposed a fine on Yonkers which started at $1 and doubled every day until the city capitulated to the federally mandated plan. Yonkers remained in contempt of the courts until September 9, 1988, when the City Council relented in the wake of library closures and sanitation cutbacks and while looking at massive city layoffs, which would have been required to continue its resistance to desegregation. First-term mayor Nicholas C. Wasicsko fought to save the city from financial disaster and bring about unity. Yonkers's youngest mayor (elected at age 28), Wasicsko was a lonely figure in city politics, which was scarred with the stigma of the " Balkanization
of Yonkers". He succeeded in helping to end the city's contempt of the courts, but was voted out of office as a result. His story is the subject of a miniseries called Show Me a Hero
Show Me a Hero
that aired on HBO
in 2015, which is based on the 1999 nonfiction book of the same name by former New York Times writer, Lisa Belkin.[citation needed] A Kawasaki railroad cars assembly plant opened in 1986 in the former Otis plant, producing the new R142A, R143, R160B, and R188 cars for the New York City
New York City
Subway, and the PA4 and PA5 series for PATH. Ethnic communities[edit] Yonkers is a diverse community, that is well represented by many ethnicities. Hispanics are prominent in Yonkers including, but not limited to, large population of Dominicans and Puerto Ricans. Also prominent is the African American
African American
community, many of whom migrated north to Yonkers during the Great Migration (African American)
Great Migration (African American)
from 1930's-1970's.

Dignitaries at the 2005 Yonkers Saint Patrick's Day Parade

The Irish-American
community is prominent in Yonkers, and the city hosts one of the nation's oldest St. Patrick's Day
St. Patrick's Day
parades. It is also home to a large Italian-American
community, and the city hosts a large Columbus Day
Columbus Day
festival with a "Miss Italian-American" pageant. Yonkers also has a significant Portuguese population. Yonkers also has a large Slavic community. In the early and mid-20th century a large number of people emigrated from Poland, Ukraine, Czechoslovakia, Russia, and Croatia. Recently a large number of immigrants from the former Yugoslavia
have called Yonkers home. The Slavic community is centered around St. Casimir's Roman Catholic Church, Most Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church, Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church, and St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic Church. The city also has a stanytsia (branch) of Plast. Yonkers also has a large Arab population, coinciding with the high percentage of Arabic speakers in Yonkers. Most of these Arabs come from the Levant region, mainly from Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon, and are of the Christian faith. The Arabic community specifically Jordanian currently has three churches in the city, Virgin Mary Orthodox Church, St Mary's Roman Catholic Church, and Christ the Savior Melkite Church. The community settled in Yonkers in the late 1940s and has since continued a steady growth. There also once was a significant Jewish
population (the Broadway plays Lost in Yonkers
Lost in Yonkers
and Hello Dolly take place within the Yonkers Jewish
community). However, it has since dwindled. 21st century[edit] In the 2000s, some areas bordering similar neighborhoods in Riverdale, Bronx
began seeing an influx of Orthodox Jews. Subsequently, Riverdale Hatzalah
Volunteer Ambulance Service began serving some neighborhoods in the southwest section of the city.[17] There is also a small Jewish cemetery, the Sherwood Park Cemetery.[18] Geography[edit]

High-rise apartments along the Hudson River
Hudson River
in Northwest Yonkers

The city is spread out over hills rising from near sea level at the eastern bank of the Hudson River
Hudson River
to 416 feet (126 m) at Sacred Heart Church, whose spire can be seen from Long Island, New York City, and New Jersey. The city occupies 20.3 square miles (52.6 km²), including 18.1 square miles (46.8 km²) of land and 2.2 square miles (5.8 km²) (11.02%) of water, according to the United States Census
Bureau. The Bronx
The Bronx
River separates Yonkers from Mount Vernon, Tuckahoe, Eastchester, Bronxville, and Scarsdale
to the east. The town of Greenburgh is to the north, and on the western border is the Hudson River. On the south, Yonkers borders the Riverdale, Woodlawn, and Wakefield sections of The Bronx. In addition, the southernmost point of Yonkers is only 2 miles (3 kilometres) north of the northernmost point of Manhattan
when measured from Broadway & Caryl Avenue in Yonkers to Broadway & West 228th Street in the Marble Hill section of Manhattan. Much of the city grew up around the Saw Mill River, which enters Yonkers from the north and feeds into the Hudson River
Hudson River
in the Getty Square neighborhood. Portions of the Saw Mill River
Saw Mill River
that were buried in flumes beneath parking lots are being uncovered, or "daylighted". The gentilic for residents is alternately Yonkersonian or Yonkersite.[19] Climate[edit] Yonkers has cold winters and hot summers, with average lows of 20 °F in January, and average highs of 85 °F in July. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1860 8,218

1870 12,733


1880 18,892


1890 32,033


1900 47,931


1910 79,803


1920 100,176


1930 134,646


1940 142,598


1950 152,798


1960 190,634


1970 204,297


1980 195,351


1990 188,082


2000 196,086


2010 195,976


Est. 2016 200,807 [6] 2.5%

Historical sources: 1790-1990[20]U.S. Decennial Census

Demographic profile 2010[21] 1990[16] 1970[16] 1950[16]

White 55.8% 76.2% 92.9% 96.7%

 —Non-Hispanic 41.4% 67.1% 89.9% N/A

Black or African American 16.0% 14.1% 6.4% 3.2%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 34.7% 16.7% 3.5% N/A

Asian 5.8% 3.0% 0.4% —

As of the census of 2010,[22] there were 195,976 people in the city. The population density was 10,827.4 people per square mile (4,187.5/km²). There were 80,839 housing units at an average density of 4,466.2 per square mile (1,727.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.8% White, 18.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 14.7% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. 34.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any racial background. Non-Hispanic Whites
Non-Hispanic Whites
were 41.4% of the population in 2010,[21] down from 89.9% in 1970.[16] According to the 2000 Census,[3] 19.9% were of Italian and 11.6% Irish descent. 61.3% spoke only English at home; 22.7% spoke Spanish, 5% Arabic, 3.9% Italian, and 1.3% Portuguese at home. There were 74,351 households out of which 30.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them in 2000, 44.2% are married couples living together, 17.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% are non-families. 29.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.23. In 2000, the city the population is spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 25, 30.6% from 25 to 45, 21.2% from 45 to 65, and 15.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $44,663 in 2000, and the median income for a family is $53,233. Males have a median income of $41,598 versus $34,756 for females. The per capita income for the city is $22,793. 15.5% of the population and 13.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Neighborhoods[edit]

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Though Yonkers contains many small residential enclaves and communities, it can conveniently be divided into four quarters, demarcated by the Saw Mill River. There are 37 or more distinct neighborhoods, though many of these names are rarely used today except by older residents and real-estate brokers. Northeast Yonkers[edit] Northeast Yonkers is a primarily Irish-American
and Italian-American area. Though suburban, it more closely resembles parts of the Bronx than the town of Greenburgh to the north. House sizes vary widely, from small houses set close together, to larger homes in areas like Lawrence Park West, and mid-rise apartment buildings along Central Avenue (NY 100). Central Avenue (officially named Central Park Avenue) provides an abundance of shopping for Yonkers residents. Shopping centers along Central Avenue include stores such as Best Buy, Burlington Coat Factory, Kohl's, Bob's Furniture and Barnes & Noble, as well as many other stores and restaurants. Notable former residents include Steven Tyler
Steven Tyler
(born Steven Tallarico) of the rock band Aerosmith, whose childhood home was just off Central Avenue on Pembrook Drive.[citation needed] Northeast Yonkers contains the upscale neighborhoods of Crestwood, Colonial Heights, and Cedar Knolls, as well as the wealthy enclaves of Beech Hill and Lawrence Park West. It also contains a gated community off the eastern edge of the Grassy Sprain Reservoir known as Winchester Villages. Landmarks include St Vladimir's Seminary, as well as Sarah Lawrence College, and the Tanglewood Shopping Center (one-time home of The Tanglewood Boys gang). Northeast Yonkers is somewhat more expensive than the rest of the city, and due to the proximity of several Metro-North
commuter railroad stations, its residents tend to be employed in corporate positions in Manhattan.

The Blue Cube, a landmark former factory on the Northwest Yonkers waterfront.

Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church

Riverdale Avenue looking north from the Bronx

Messiah Baptist Church

Northwest Yonkers[edit] Northwest Yonkers is a collection of widely varying neighborhoods, spanning from the Hudson River
Hudson River
to around the New York State Thruway/I-87 and from Ashburton Avenue north to the Hastings-on-Hudson border. With the Hudson River
Hudson River
bordering it to the west, this area has many beautiful Victorian-era homes with panoramic views of the Palisades. An interest in historic preservation has taken hold in this neighborhood in recent years, as demonstrated on streets like Shonnard Terrace, Delavan Terrace and Hudson Terrace. The population of northwestern Yonkers is probably the most ethnically diverse in the city. Neighborhoods include Nepera Park, Runyon Heights, Homefield, Glenwood, and Greystone. Landmarks include the Hudson River
Hudson River
Museum, Untermyer Park
Untermyer Park
and the Lenoir Nature Preserve. The significant amount of surviving Victorian architecture
Victorian architecture
and 19th century estates in northwest Yonkers has attracted many filmmakers in recent years. The two block section of Palisade Avenue between Chase and Roberts Avenues in northwest Yonkers is colloquially known as "the north end" or "the end". It was and still is the only retail area in the neighborhood, and was well known for an original soda fountain store, "Urich's," and Robbins Pharmacy. It was once the end of the #2 trolley line, which has since been replaced by a Bee-line Bus route. One part of Yonkers that is sometimes overlooked is Nepera Park. This is a small section at the northern part of Nepperhan Avenue on the Hastings-on-Hudson
border. Nepperhan Avenue in Nepera Park is also a major shopping district for the area. Southeast Yonkers[edit] Southeast Yonkers is mostly Irish-American
(many of the Irish being native born) and Italian-American. Many of the businesses and type of architecture in southeast Yonkers bear a greater resemblance to certain parts of the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, or Staten Island
Staten Island
than to points north. This is not surprising as southeastern Yonkers is largely within walking distance of the Riverdale, Woodlawn, and Wakefield sections of the Bronx. Many residents regard eastern McLean Avenue, home to a vibrant Irish community shared with the Woodlawn section of the Bronx, to be the true hub of Yonkers. Similarly, a portion of Midland Avenue in the Dunwoodie section has been called the "Little Italy" of Yonkers. Landmarks of southeastern Yonkers include the Cross County Shopping Center, Yonkers Raceway, and St. Joseph's Seminary in the Dunwoodie neighborhood, which was visited by Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
in October 1995 and later by Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
in April 2008. Southwest Yonkers[edit] Getty Square
Getty Square
is Yonkers' downtown and the civic center and central business district of the city. Much of southwest Yonkers grew densely along the multiple railroad and trolley (now bus) lines along South Broadway and in Getty Square, connecting to New York City. Clusters of apartment buildings surrounded the stations of the Yonkers branch of the New York and Putnam Railroad
New York and Putnam Railroad
and the Third Avenue Railway
Third Avenue Railway
trolley lines, and these buildings still remain although now served by the Bee-Line Bus System. The railroad companies themselves built neighborhoods of mixed housing types ranging from apartment buildings to large mansions in areas like Park Hill wherein the railroad also built a funicular to connect it with the train station in the valley. This traditionally African-American and white area has seen a tremendous influx of immigrants from Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, South Asia, and the Middle East. Off South Broadway and Yonkers Avenue one can find residential neighborhoods, such as Lowerre, Nodine Hill, Park Hill, and Hudson Park (off the Hudson River) with a mix of building styles ranging from dense clusters of apartment buildings, blocks of retail with apartments above, multifamily row houses, and detached single-family homes.[23] Other neighborhoods of these types, although with a larger number of detached houses, are Ludlow Park, Hudson Park and Van Cortlandt Crest, off Riverdale Avenue, right over the Riverdale border - the former alongside the Hudson River. The area is also home to significant historical and educational institutions including the historic Philipse Manor Hall
Philipse Manor Hall
(a New York State Historic Site that houses one of three papier mache ceilings in the United States), The Science Barge, Beczak Environmental Education Center, and a 2003 Yonkers Public Library.[24] Many residents are of African, Caribbean, Italian, or Mexican descent while an influx those from other cultural backgrounds has continued to shape a culturally diverse community. Some neighborhoods right on the Riverdale border are increasingly becoming home to Orthodox Jews. The revitalization of the Getty Square
Getty Square
area has helped to nurture growth for Southwest Yonkers. In the early 2000s several new luxury apartment buildings, such as 66 Main, were built along the Hudson. There is also a new "Sculpture Meadow on the Hudson," renovation of a Victorian-era pier, and a new public library housed in the remodeled Otis elevator factory. Peter Kelly's award-winning fine dining restaurant X20 - Xaviars on Hudson is located at the renovated pier with much success.[25][26] There are new proposals along with the current projects which are intended to revitalize downtown Yonkers.

Government[edit] Yonkers is governed via a mayor-council system. The Yonkers City Council consists of seven members, six each elected from one of six districts, as well as a Council President to preside over the council. The mayor and city council president are elected in a citywide vote. The current mayor is Democrat Mike Spano
Mike Spano
and the Council President is Michael Khader. Yonkers is typically a Democratic stronghold just like the rest of Westchester County
Westchester County
and most of New York state on the national level. In 1992, Yonkers voted for George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
over Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
and Ross Perot
Ross Perot
for president, but has voted solidly Democratic ever since. At a local level, recent mayors of Yonkers have included Republicans Phil Amicone
Phil Amicone
and John Spencer, while the Yonkers City Council
Yonkers City Council
has mostly been controlled by Republicans. In the State Assembly, Yonkers is represented by Democrats J. Gary Pretlow and Shelley Mayer, and in the New York State Senate, by Democrats Andrea Stewart-Cousins
Andrea Stewart-Cousins
and George Latimer. At the federal level, Democratic representative Eliot Engel represents the city. Education[edit] Public schools in Yonkers are operated by Yonkers Public Schools. Sarah Lawrence College, which gives its address as Bronxville/Yonkers,[27] is actually located in Yonkers.[28] Westchester Community College
Westchester Community College
operates a number of extension centers in Yonkers, with the largest one at the Cross County Shopping Center.[29] Libraries are operated by the Yonkers Public Library. The Japanese School of New York
The Japanese School of New York
was located in Yonkers for one year; on August 18, 1991 the school moved to Yonkers from Queens, New York City and on September 1, 1992 classes began at its current location in Greenwich, Connecticut.[30] St. Peter's Catholic Elementary School at 204 Hawthorne Avenue, founded by the Sisters of Charity, celebrated its 100th anniversary in September 2011. Academy for Jewish
Religion, a rabbinical and cantorial school, is located in the Getty Square
Getty Square
neighborhood of Yonkers. Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary is located in Crestwood. Transportation[edit]

Yonkers Metro-North
train station.

Mass transit[edit] Yonkers has the eleventh-highest rate of public transit ridership among cities in the United States, and 27% of Yonkers households do not own a car.[31] Bus service in Yonkers is provided by Westchester County
Westchester County
Bee-Line Bus System, the second-largest bus system in New York State, along with some MTA Bus Company
MTA Bus Company
express routes to Manhattan. Yonkers is the top origin and destination for the Bee-Line Bus service area, including Westchester and the northern Bronx, with the Getty Square
Getty Square
intermodal hub seeing passenger levels in the millions annually.[32] Yonkers is served by two heavy-rail commuter lines. Hudson Line Metro-North
Railroad stations provide commuter service to New York City: Ludlow, Yonkers, Glenwood and Greystone. The Yonkers station is also served by Amtrak. Several Harlem Line
Harlem Line
stations are on or very near the city's eastern border. These include Wakefield, Mt. Vernon West, Fleetwood, Bronxville, Tuckahoe and Crestwood. A third commuter line dating from the late 19th century, the Putnam Division, was shut down in phases with the final passenger trains making their last runs in May 1958.[33] New York Water Taxi
New York Water Taxi
formerly operated a ferry service from downtown Yonkers to Manhattan's Financial District, but it ceased in December 2009.[34] Roads and paths[edit] Major limited-access roads in Yonkers include Interstate 87 (the New York State Thruway), the Saw Mill, Bronx
River, Sprain Brook and Cross County parkways. US 9, NY 9A and 100 are important surface streets. The main line of the former New York and Putnam Railroad
New York and Putnam Railroad
running through the middle of Yonkers has been converted into a paved walking and bicycling path, called the South County Trailway. It runs north-south in Yonkers from the Hastings-on-Hudson
border in the north to the Bronx
border in the south at Van Cortlandt Park
Van Cortlandt Park
where it is unpaved as of 2014[update] and is referred to as the Putnam Trail.

Yonkers Fire Department
Yonkers Fire Department
headquarters from 1927 to 2015

The historic Croton Aqueduct
Croton Aqueduct
tunnel has a hard-packed dirt trail, called the Old Croton Aqueduct
Croton Aqueduct
Trailway, running above it for most of its length in Yonkers, with a few on-street routes on the edge of the Getty Square
Getty Square
neighborhood. Fire department[edit] The city of Yonkers is protected by 459 firefighters of the city of Yonkers Fire Department
Yonkers Fire Department
(YFD), under the command of a Fire Commissioner and 3 Deputy Chiefs. Founded in 1896, the YFD operates out of 11 Fire Stations, located throughout the city in 2 Battalions, under the command of 1 Assistant Chief per shift.[35] The Yonkers Fire Department also operates a fire apparatus fleet of 10 Engines, 6 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue, 1 Fireboat, 1 Air Cascade Unit, 1 USAR (Urban Search And Rescue) Collapse Unit, 1 Foam Unit, 1 Haz-Mat Unit, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. The YFD responds to approximately 16,000 emergency calls annually.[36]

Notable people[edit]

Carlos Alazraqui, actor, stand-up comedian, impressionist Anthrax, influential thrash metal band Edwin Howard Armstrong, transmitted first FM radio
FM radio
broadcast David Berkowitz, serial killer known as the Son of Sam James Blake, tennis player William F. Bleakley, attorney, judge and politician Mary J. Blige, R&B singer Mike Breen, sports broadcaster Billy Burch, professional hockey player Michael Burns, actor, historian, horse breeder, reared in Yonkers from 1949 to 1956 Sid Caesar, actor and comedian Mary Calvi, news anchor Robert Celestino, writer and director James Comey, director of the FBI Dave Costa, NFL player, Saunders HS 1957–1959 Cathy DeBuono, actress, psychotherapist, radio personality Alfred DelBello, Mayor of Yonkers Doug DeWitt, professional boxer DMX, rapper, actor Tiziano Thomas Dossena, writer, editor Tommy Dreamer, professional wrestler Rudolf Eickemeyer, Jr., photographer Klement Tinaj, actor Ella Fitzgerald, singer Thomas Mikal Ford, actor Frances Foster, actress Ron Garan, astronaut Tawny Godin, Miss America 1976, TV journalist (Tawny Little) Ralph Goldstein (1913–1997), Olympic épée fencer[37] Nealon Greene, professional football player (CFL) W.C. Handy, composer and musician Lewis Hine, photographer Joe Howard, actor Immolation, Death metal
Death metal
band Ethel D. Jacobs, thoroughbred racehorse owner Jadakiss, rapper, member of The LOX Ekrem Jevrić, Montenegrin singer, rapper Richard Joel, president of Yeshiva University Sean Kilpatrick, professional basketball player Eddie Kingston, professional wrestler Gene Krupa, drummer Joe Lapchick, basketball coach Clayton LeBouef, actor Stagga Lee, musician Henrietta Wells Livermore, women's suffragist leader Sheek Louch, rapper, member of The LOX Linda Lovelace, star of 1972 "porno chic" film Deep Throat Richard Masur, actor Ryan Meara, professional soccer player Joe Minoso, actor Lawrence Monoson, actor Cathy Moriarty, actress John Howard Northrop, co-recipient of 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Elisha Otis, inventor of the safety elevator and Otis Elevator Company Outasight, singer, rapper Erik Palladino, actor Joe Panik, professional baseball player Floyd Patterson, champion heavyweight boxer[38] Eulace Peacock, track and field athlete who defeated Jesse Owens
Jesse Owens
in sprints Kevin Puts, Pulitzer Prize-winning composer Patrick Quinlan, author, activist Will Rahmer, musician Sally Regenhard, community activist Vincent Richards, professional tennis player Steve Ridzik, professional baseball player Adam Rodriguez, actor Joe Ruback, license plate guy Betty Shabazz, widow of civil rights leader Malcolm X Robert Shayne, actor Alexander Smith, founder of Alexander Smith & Sons Carpet Company Mike Spano, Mayor of Yonkers Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American mathematician and electrical engineer Joseph Stilwell, U.S. Army General during World War I
World War I
and World War II Avery Storm, R&B singer Styles P, Rapper, member of The LOX Brian Sweeney, professional baseball player Chip Taylor, songwriter (brother of Jon Voight) Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
Orange County Choppers
and reality television personality on American Chopper Samuel J. Tilden, former Governor of New York
Governor of New York
and winner of the popular vote in the disputed Presidential Election of 1876 Salvatore Tripoli, Olympic boxer Steven Tyler, musician, member of Aerosmith Adriaen Cornelissen van der Donck, (c. 1618, 1655) Jon Voight, Oscar-winning actor, father of Angelina Jolie Elsie B. Washington, author Nick Wasicsko, mayor during low-income housing controversy, 1988–1989; John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award runner-up Malcolm Wilson, former Governor of New York Tom Wolk, Hall & Oates session musician George Wright, baseball pioneer Michaela Odone (née Murphy), mother of Lorenzo Odone, whom Lorenzo's oil is named after.

In popular culture[edit]

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In the Depression-era film Don't Tell the Wife (1937) Guy Kibbee's character, Malcolm J. Winthrop, lives in Yonkers. One of the characters jokes that going to jail is "better than Yonkers." In the Twilight Zone episode, "What's in the Box" (1964) William Demarest's character, cab driver Joe Britt, mentions Yonkers as one of his customers' locations as a reason for coming home late from work. Yonkers is the setting of two feature films by local filmmaker Robert Celestino: Mr. Vincent, a 1997 Sundance Film entrant in the non-competition Spectrum section, and Yonkers Joe, a scheduled 2009 release by Magnolia Pictures, starring Chazz Palminteri
Chazz Palminteri
and Christine Lahti.[39][40] Yonkers' locations also provide the setting for A Tale of Two Pizzas, a "Romeo and Juliet" theme played out among two rival pizza owners. The documentary Brick by Brick: A Civil Rights Story described racial discrimination and housing segregation in Yonkers.[41] Ask a Greek (1998) The film Doubt, starring Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
as Sister Aloysius Beauvier, filmed scenes at St. Marks Lutheran Church's school. Yonkers is also the location for many major filming projects: Catch Me if You Can, with Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
and Leonardo DiCaprio; Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, with Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
and Kate Winslet; Mona Lisa Smile, with Julia Roberts; A Beautiful Mind, with Russell Crowe, Big Daddy, with Adam Sandler, The Preacher's Wife
The Preacher's Wife
(a remake of The Bishop's Wife), with Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
and Whitney Houston; and Kate and Leopold, with Meg Ryan
Meg Ryan
and Hugh Jackman. Some TV series' episodes of Fringe, The Blacklist, and The Following
The Following
were taped in the downtown area. the City Hall Courtroom is also the setting for many film scenes and commercials. Yonkers was also used as a filming location in the movie Riding in Cars with Boys. In Max Brooks's novel, World War Z, the US armed forces are defeated in the Battle of Yonkers
Battle of Yonkers
by a horde of zombies. Yonkers is one of the settings in the musical Hello Dolly! A character in the musical Gypsy: A Musical Fable is named after Yonkers. Neil Simon's play Lost In Yonkers, set in the city. The story is about two young boys during World War II, whose father leaves them with their grandmother in Yonkers so he can earn money for the family. Yonkers was shown on A Shot at Love 2 with Tila Tequila
A Shot at Love 2 with Tila Tequila
as it was contestant Kristy's hometown. Yonkers is mentioned in Bon Jovi's song "Raise Your Hands". In 2011, rapper Tyler, The Creator
Tyler, The Creator
of Odd Future
Odd Future
released his song "Yonkers".[42] On October 21, 2011, filming for the movie Disconnect (2012) took place at the Cross County Shopping Center. The HBO
miniseries Show Me a Hero
Show Me a Hero
takes place, and was filmed, in Yonkers.[43]


Yonkers Welcome Sign

Yonkers Saint Patrick's Day Parade 2010

Fountains at Westchester's Ridge Hill

The Yonkers Metro-North

The Saw Mill River
Saw Mill River
in Getty Square

Westbound McLean Avenue at ParkHill Avenue

Eastbound Cross County Parkway

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Yonkers is twinned with:

in Albania
(2011–present)[44] Ternopil
in Ukraine

See also[edit]

Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
portal New York portal

Jonkheer National Register of Historic Places listings in Yonkers, New York Westchester County, New York


^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census
Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2017.  ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ "Yonkers". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved September 24, 2014.  ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 Population Estimates Yonkers city, New York". United States Census
Bureau. Retrieved September 8, 2017.  ^ Erik (August 19, 2009). "Interactive Map: Dutch Place Names in New York Dutch New York". Thirteen.org. Retrieved September 16, 2011.  ^ Nevius, Michelle & Nevius, James (2009), Inside the Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City, New York: Free Press, ISBN 141658997X , p.177-78 ^ Kinlock, Ken. "New York Central's Putnam Division". kinglyheirs.com.  ^ "Ryder Cup: Painting celebrates Dunfermline links to American golf". BBC. Retrieved December 29, 2014 ^ Heitman, Charles E. (1911). "The Home Problem in Great Cities and How Engineering Achievement is Solving It". Cassier's Magazine. Cassier's Magazine.  ^ Fallon, Bill (March 3, 2008). "Industrial Arts: Carpet Mills Become Studio Central," Westchester County
Westchester County
Business Journal, p. 49. ^ No apparent relation to Colt's Patent Firearms. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.63. ^ "Wants Subway Extended: Yonkers Mayor to Ask City to Take Over N.Y.C. Branch". New York Times. June 27, 1942. Retrieved August 17, 2015.  ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (November 1, 2013), The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System, Fordham University Press, ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2  ^ a b c d e "New York - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census
to 1990". U.S. Census
Bureau.  ^ "Riverdale Hatzalah". riverdalehatzalah.org.  ^ "Sherwood Park Cemetery, Yonkers, Westchester County, New York, United States - Nearby Cities, Nearby Cemeteries and Genealogy Resources - Histopolis". Test.histopolis.com. November 21, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.  ^ "Wordsmith.org -- Online Chat with Paul Dickson". wordsmith.org.  ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census
Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 6, 2013. ^ a b "Yonkers (city), New York". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census
Bureau.  ^ "American Fact Finder". U.S. Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2011.  ^ "Yonkers Victorian Homes". victoriansource.com.  ^ "Welcome to the Yonkers Public Library!-Hours and Directions". Ypl.org. December 7, 2008. Archived from the original on July 29, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2009.  ^ Johnson, Liz (Feb 3, 2010). 'No Reservations' Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
Style: Tony Bourdain and Bill Murray Dine at X20. "Small Bites: Food Finds in the Lower Hudson Valley". Accessed February 6, 2011. ^ X2O Xaviars On The Hudson. Xaviars Restaurant Group. Accessed July 13, 2015. ^ "Sarah Lawrence College. A Deeper Education". Retrieved June 20, 2013.  ^ haasdesign: Renee Haas. "History". The Village of Bronxville. Archived from the original on November 11, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.  ^ "Page not found - Westchester Community College". sunywcc.edu.  ^ "本校の歩み." The Japanese School of New York. Retrieved on January 10, 2012. "1980.12.22 Queens Flushing校に移転。" and "1991.8.18. Westchester Yonkers校へ移転。" and "1992.9.1 Connecticut Greenwich校へ移転。 授業開始。" ^ List of U.S. cities with most households without a car ^ "Bee-Line System On-Board Survey" (PDF).  ^ Strauss, Michael (September 13, 1981). "MEMORIES CLICK ALONG THE PUTNAM LINE". The New York Times.  ^ New York Water Taxi. " Ferry
Between Manhattan
and Yonkers Is Set to Stop", The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2011. ^ List of Fire Stations; City of Yonkers. Archived December 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "List of Fire Department Apparatus; City of Yonkers".  ^ Associated Press. "Ralph Goldstein, 83, Olympian With Lasting Passion for Fencing", The New York Times, July 28, 1997. Accessed February 7, 2018. "Mr. Goldstein, who was born Oct. 6, 1913, in Malden, Mass., and grew up on the Lower East Side, attended Brooklyn College and had lived in Yonkers since 1948." ^ Floyd Patterson: A Boxer and a Gentleman By Alan H. Levy Google Books ^ Filmmaker: "Tribeca Director Interview: Robert Celestino, Yonkers Joe"[permanent dead link], April 23, 2008 ^ Magnolia Pictures: Yonkers Joe
Yonkers Joe
press notes ^ "Brick by Brick: A Civil Rights Story". California Newsreel. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015.  ^ " Tyler, The Creator
Tyler, The Creator
Gets Odd In 'Yonkers'". Rapfix.mtv.com. February 11, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2013.  ^ "Final filming for 'Show Me A Hero' underway in Yonkers". News 12. Retrieved June 19, 2015.  ^ Kamza binjakëzim me Yonkers Archived October 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., INA, October 28, 2011 (in Albanian) ^ Hodara, Susan (October 26, 2008). "Communities; Cities Find Sisters Abroad". © The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

Allison, Charles Elmer. The History of Yonkers. Westchester County, New York (1896). Duffy, Jennifer Nugent. Who's Your Paddy?: Racial Expectations and the Struggle for Irish American Identity (NYU Press, 2013), Irish Catholics in Yonkers Hufeland, Otto. Westchester County
Westchester County
During the American Revolution, 1775–1783 (1926) Madden, Joseph P. ed. A Documentary History of Yonkers, New York: The Unsettled Years, 1853–1860 (Vol. 2. Heritage Books, 1992) Weigold, Marilyn E., Yonkers in the Twentieth Century (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2014). xvi, 364 pp.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yonkers, New York.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yonkers.

Official website Yonkers at Curlie (based on DMOZ) The website of the Yonkers Historical Society Yonkers Arts - a source for all cultural and artistic events in Yonkers and a Directory of Yonkers Artists Hudson River
Hudson River
Museum Beczak Environmental Education Center

Places adjacent to Yonkers, New York




Mt. Vernon

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 239183447 LCCN: n81117