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Yoma (Aramaic: יומא, lit. "The Day") is the fifth tractate of Seder Moed ("Order of Festivals") of the Mishnah
Mishnah
and of the Talmud. It is concerned mainly with the laws of the Jewish holiday
Jewish holiday
Yom Kippur, on which Jews atone for their sins from the previous year. It consists of eight chapters and has a Gemara
Gemara
("Completion") from both the Jerusalem Talmud
Talmud
and the Babylonian Talmud.

Contents

1 Preparations of the High Priest before Yom Kippur 2 Services of the Day 3 Afflictions on Yom Kippur 4 References 5 External links

Preparations of the High Priest before Yom Kippur[edit] The first chapter is regarding the seven days before Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
in which the Kohen Gadol
Kohen Gadol
is separated from his wife and moves into a chamber on the Beit HaMikdash, sprinkled with water from the Red Heifer and taught the laws relating to the Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
sacrifices. Services of the Day[edit] The second through seventh chapters deal with the order of services on Yom Kippur, both those specific to Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
and the daily sacrifices. Some of the issues addressed include those of the lottery employed to assign services to Kohanim, laws regarding the scapegoat, and the incense sacrifices performed by the Kohen Godol in the Kodesh Kedoshim. Afflictions on Yom Kippur[edit] The last chapter deals with the five afflictions of Yom Kippur, which apply in the absence of a Temple, including modern times. Five abstentions are required:

Eating or drinking Wearing leather shoes Anointing oneself with oil Washing Marital relations

The last chapter also discusses repentance. References[edit]

External links[edit]

English translation by Isidore Epstein in the Soncino Talmud
Talmud
(1938) [1] Yoma in the Jewish Encyclopedia
Jewish Encyclopedia
[2] Yoma on Sefaria
Sefaria
[3]

v t e

The Six Orders of the Mishnah
Mishnah
(ששה סדרי משנה‬)

Zeraim (Seeds) (זרעים‬) Moed (Festival) (מועד‬) Nashim (Women) (נשים‬) Nezikin (Damages) (נזיקין‬) Kodashim (Holies) (קדשים‬) Tohorot (Purities) (טהרות‬)

Berakhot Pe'ah Demai Kil'ayim Shevi'it Terumot Ma'aserot Ma'aser Sheni Hallah Orlah Bikkurim

Shabbat Eruvin Pesahim Shekalim Yoma Sukkah Beitza Rosh Hashanah Ta'anit Megillah Mo'ed Katan Hagigah

Yevamot Ketubot Nedarim Nazir Sotah Gittin Kiddushin

Bava Kamma Bava Metzia Bava Batra Sanhedrin Makkot Shevu'ot Eduyot Avodah Zarah Avot Horayot

Zevahim Menahot Hullin Bekhorot Arakhin Temurah Keritot Me'ilah Tamid Middot Kinnim

Keilim Oholot Nega'im Parah Tohorot Mikva'ot Niddah Makhshirin Zavim Tevul

.