YOAV GALANT (Hebrew : יואב גלנט; born 8 November 1958) is
an Israeli politician and former commander of the Southern Command in
Israel Defense Forces . In January 2015 he entered politics,
joining the new
Kulanu party. After being elected to the
Knesset , he
was appointed Minister of Construction .
* 1 Biography
* 2 Military career
* 2.1 Chief of Staff candidacy
* 3 Political career
* 4 References
* 5 External links
Yoav Galant was born in
Jaffa to Polish Jewish immigrants. His
mother, Fruma, was a
Holocaust survivor who had been on the SS Exodus
as a child. Along with other Exodus refugees, she was deported by the
Hamburg , and arrived in
Israel in 1948. She was a nurse by
profession His father, Michael, fought the Nazis as a partisan in the
forests of Ukraine and Belarus and also immigrated to
Israel in 1948.
He served in the
Givati Brigade in the
1948 Arab–Israeli War ,
including the Samson\'s Foxes unit, and was considered one of the
finest snipers in the IDF. He participated in
Operation Yoav , during
which he was the first soldier to break into the fort at Iraq Suwaydan
. He named his son for the operation. In Galant's youth, the family
Givatayim , where he studied at David Kalai high school. He
received a BA in Business and Finance Management from the University
of Haifa .
Galant lives in
Amikam . He is married to Claudine, a retired
IDF lieutenant colonel. They have a son and two daughters.
In 2011, Galant was tapped to succeed
Gabi Ashkenazi as the Chief of
General Staff by Defense Minister
Ehud Barak . Although his
appointment was approved by the government it was overturned due to
allegations of building of an unauthorized access road to his home and
planting an olive grove on public land outside the boundaries of his
Navy , Southern Command
YEARS OF SERVICE
Major General )
Second Lebanon War ,
Operation Cast Lead
Galant began his military career in 1977 as a naval commando in the
13th Flotilla . In the 1980s, after six years in the flotilla, he
Alaska and worked as a lumberjack . He then returned to the
navy and served on a missile boat (including a position as
deputy-commander of INS Keshet) and again in the 13th Flotilla. In
1992, Galant was earmarked by then-navy commander
Ami Ayalon for the
command of the 13th Flotilla, a position he was meant to take up in
1994. Galant preferred not to study during the two remaining years,
and instead moved into the ground forces and in 1993 took up command
of the Menashe (
Jenin ) Brigade of the
West Bank Division .
After serving for three years as commander of the 13th Flotilla,
Galant moved up to command the
Gaza Division . He also commanded the
reserve 340th Armored Division (Idan Formation), and in 2001 became
the Chief of Staff of the
GOC Army Headquarters . Galant attained the
rank of a major general when he became the Military Secretary of the
Prime Minister in 2002. In 2005, Galant was appointed as commander of
the Southern Command . During his tenure (that lasted until 21
October 2010), the
Israel Defense Forces embarked on Operation Cast
Hamas in the
Gaza Strip . Galant commanded the operation
and his role in the field and in the success of the operation gained
praise and helped him in the race to Chief of Staff.
The Israeli NGO,
Yesh Gvul , filed suit against Galant's appointment
as IDF chief of staff, claiming that his command role in Cast Lead
confirmed him as a suspect in "grave violations of international law."
Haaretz noted that Galant lobbied against an investigation of Col.
Ilan Malka, the IDF commander who approved the airstrike that killed
21 members of the al-Samouni clan during Cast Lead. Galant's view was
ignored as the military prosecutor general opened an investigation of
the incident which was highlighted by the
Goldstone Report (since
disavowed by its author) as a possible serious breach of international
CHIEF OF STAFF CANDIDACY
On 22 August 2010, Minister of Defense
Ehud Barak presented the
candidacy of Galant for the post of the IDF's twentieth Chief of Staff
to the government. It was expected that he would receive the
promotion. Galant's appointment followed a controversy, where a
forged document was transferred to Israel's Channel 2 which accused
Galant of attempting to smear rival candidate
Benny Gantz .
On 5 September 2010, the government approved the nomination of Yoav
Galant as the next Chief of Staff, with only
Likud minister Michael
Eitan objecting. Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu said that the
incoming IDF chief has "proven his worth during his 33 years of
military service at the IDF's frontlines," and that "He's proven
himself to be a courageous fighter, an excellent officer, and a
responsible and serious battle commander." The PM added that Galant
picked up on a legacy of "dedication and excellence" bequeathed by
incumbent IDF chief Gabi Ashkenazi. The cabinet also approved Barak's
proposal, according to which Galant would serve for three years,
giving the defense minister power to grant a fourth.
On 1 February 2011, Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense
Ehud Barak canceled the appointment of Galant to the post of
Israel Defense Forces chief. The announcement came after months of
scandal surrounding his appointment due to allegations that he had
seized public lands near his home in
Amikam . After conducting
an investigation into the allegations, Attorney General Yehuda
Weinstein said that his findings "raise significant legal difficulties
for the decision to appoint him." Weinstein said that it was up to the
prime minister and defense minister to decide whether or not Galant
could take up the post as new IDF chief of staff. Earlier in the day,
Weinstein notified Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu that he could not
defend Galant's appointment as chief of staff due to legal
On 30 December 2012, the local planning committee administrating land
ownership issues and building licenses said that Galant had built his
home in the northern community of
Amikam on 350m² of property
accidentally listed as his, unaware that it was actually public land.
The decision didn't address two other issues still being investigated
by the state comptroller and attorney general: the building of an
unauthorized access road to his house and the planting of an olive
grove that spilled over the boundaries of his property.
In January 2015 Galant joined the new
Kulanu party. He was placed
second on the party's list for the 2015 elections , and was elected to
Knesset as the party won ten seats. He was later appointed
Minister of Construction in the new government .
In January 2016, the New York Times published an op-ed by Galant in
which he describes how important he believes it is for Jewish and Arab
leaders to come together in promoting peace and equality in their
shared country. As part of that effort, he and MK
Ayman Odeh , leader
Joint List alliance of Arab parties, together visited several
Arab Israeli towns. "Together, we examined firsthand the challenges
facing Arab Israeli communities so that we could bring about
solutions," he notes.
* ^ Amir Rappaport,
Operation Yoav , Ma'ariv supplement Saturday,
* ^ A B C D E F "Yoav Galant\'s Race to the Top".
Ynetnews . August
24, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
* ^ A B C D Greenberg, Hanan (August 22, 2010). "1st Chief of Staff
from Naval Commando".
Ynetnews . Retrieved 2010-08-28.
* ^ A B Lis, Jonathan (5 September 2010). "Cabinet votes Galant in
as next IDF chief of staff".
Haaretz . Retrieved 6 September 2010.
* ^ Pfeffer, Anshel; Ravid, Barak (2010-08-22). "
Yoav Galant Named
Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff".
Haaretz . Retrieved
* ^ Katz, Yaakov. "Who is Yoav Galant?". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved
10 March 2015.
* ^ Schmidtberg, Ariel (April 28, 2009). "Odyssey in Algeria".
Israel HaYom . Retrieved 2010-08-28.
* ^ "Barak Announced: Galant Will Be the Next Chief of Staff" (in
Hebrew). Channel 2 . August 22, 2010. Archived from the original on
August 24, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
* ^ Buhbut, Amir (August 22, 2010). "From the Flotilla to Chief of
Staff: Yoav Galant\'s Persona" (in Hebrew). nrg Maariv . Retrieved
* ^ "Injunction Against Galant\'s Appointment: "Suspected of War
Crimes"". Walla. October 25, 2010.
* ^ "IDF probes top officers on Gaza war strike that killed 21
family members". Haaretz. October 22, 2010.
* ^ Lis, Jonathan (August 23, 2010). "Grumbling Aside, Galant\'s
Approval all but Assured".
Haaretz . Retrieved 2010-08-28.
* ^ Yehoshua, Yossi (August 20, 2010). "Suspect in Galant Affair
Ynetnews . Retrieved 2010-08-28.
Haaretz Service (1 February 2011). "Netanyahu, Barak announce
Galant no longer new IDF chief". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
* ^ Kalman, Aaron (December 20, 2012). "Former IDF general
partially cleared in land scandal that stopped his appointment as
chief of staff". The Times of
Israel . Retrieved 2013-05-24.
* ^ Building the Future in
Israel NYT, January 21, 2016