The Info List - Yitzhak Rabin

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: יצחק רבין‎‎; IPA: ( listen ); 1 March 1922 – 4 November 1995) was an Israeli politician, statesman and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
, serving two terms in office, 1974–77 and 1992 until his assassination in 1995.

Rabin was born in Jerusalem
to Ukrainian-Jewish immigrants and was raised in a Labor Zionist household. He learned agriculture in school and excelled as a student. He led a 27-year career as a soldier. As a teenager he joined the Palmach
, the commando force of the Yishuv . He eventually rose through its ranks to become its chief of operations during Israel\'s War of Independence . He joined the newly formed Israel
Defense Forces in late 1948 and continued to rise as a promising officer. He helped shape the training doctrine of the IDF in the early 1950s, and led the IDF's Operations Directorate from 1959 to 1963. He was appointed Chief of the General Staff in 1964 and oversaw Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War .

Rabin served as Israel's ambassador to the United States
United States
from 1968 to 1973, during a period of deepening U.S.– Israel
ties . He was appointed Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
in 1974, after the resignation of Golda Meir
Golda Meir
. In his first term, Rabin signed the Sinai Interim Agreement and ordered the Entebbe raid . He resigned in 1977 in the wake of a financial scandal. Rabin was Israel's minister of defense for much of the 1980s, including during the outbreak of the First Intifada .

In 1992, Rabin was re-elected as prime minister on a platform embracing the Israeli–Palestinian peace process . He signed several historic agreements with the Palestinian leadership as part of the Oslo Accords . In 1994, Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
together with long-time political rival Shimon Peres and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat . Rabin also signed a peace treaty with Jordan
in 1994. In November 1995, he was assassinated by an extremist named Yigal Amir , who opposed the terms of the Oslo Accords. Rabin was the first native-born prime minister of Israel, the only prime minister to be assassinated and the second to die in office after Levi Eshkol
Levi Eshkol
. Rabin has become a symbol of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process.


* 1 Personal life

* 1.1 Family background * 1.2 Early life and education

* 2 Marriage and family

* 3 Military career

* 3.1 Palmach
* 3.2 IDF service

* 4 Ambassador and Minister of Labour * 5 First term as Prime Minister * 6 Opposition Knesset
member and Minister of Defense

* 7 Second term as Prime Minister

* 7.1 Economic and social reforms * 7.2 Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize

* 8 Assassination and aftermath * 9 Commemoration * 10 See also * 11 Bibliography * 12 References * 13 External links



Rabin was born at Shaare Zedek Medical Center in Jerusalem
on 1 March 1922, Mandatory Palestine
Mandatory Palestine
, to Nehemiah (1886 – 1 December 1971) and Rosa (née Cohen; 1890 – 12 November 1937), to immigrants of the Third Aliyah , the third wave of Jewish immigration to Palestine from Europe. Nehemiah Rubitzov was born in the shtetl Sydorovychi near Ivankiv in the southern Pale of Settlement (present-day Ukraine
). His father Menachem died when he was a boy, and Nehemiah worked to support his family from an early age. At the age of 18, he emigrated to the United States, where he joined the Poale Zion
Poale Zion
party and changed his surname to Rabin. In 1917, Nehemiah went to Mandatory Palestine with a group of volunteers from the Jewish Legion .

Yitzhak's mother, Rosa Cohen, was born in 1890 in Mogilev in Belarus. Her father, a rabbi , opposed the Zionist movement and sent Rosa to a Christian high school for girls in Gomel
, which gave her a broad general education. Early on, Rosa took an interest in political and social causes. In 1919, she traveled to the region on the steamship Ruslan. After working on a kibbutz on the shores of the Sea of Galilee , she moved to Jerusalem.

Rabin's parents met in Jerusalem
during the 1920 Nebi Musa riots . They moved to Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
's Chlenov Street near Jaffa
in 1923. Nehemiah became a worker for the Palestine Electric Corporation and Rosa was an accountant and local activist. She became a member of the Tel Aviv City Council. The family moved again in 1931 to a two-room apartment on Hamagid Street in Tel Aviv.


External video Booknotes interview with Rabin\'s granddaughter Noa Ben Artzi-Pelossof on her book about Rabin, In the Name of Sorrow and Hope, May 26, 1996, C-SPAN

Rabin grew up in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, where the family relocated when he was one year old. He enrolled in the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Beit Hinuch Leyaldei Ovdim (בית חינוך לילדי עובדים, "School House for Workers' Children") in 1928 and completed his studies there in 1935. The school taught the children agriculture as well as Zionism. Rabin mostly received good marks in school, but he was so shy that few people knew he was intelligent.

In 1935, Rabin enrolled at Givat HaShlosha , an agricultural school his mother founded. It was here in 1936 at the age of 14 that Rabin joined the Haganah and received his first military training, learning how to use a pistol and stand guard. He joined a socialist-Zionist youth movement, HaNoar HaOved .

In 1937, he enrolled at the two-year Kadoorie Agricultural High School . He excelled in a number of agriculture-related subjects but disliked studying English language
English language
—the language of the British "enemy." He originally aspired to be an irrigation engineer, but his interest in military affairs intensified in 1938, when the ongoing Arab revolt worsened. A young Haganah sergeant named Yigal Allon , later a general in the IDF and prominent politician, trained Rabin and others at Kadoorie. Rabin finished at Kadoorie in August 1940. For part of 1939, the British closed Kadoorie, and Rabin joined Allon as a military policeman at Kibbutz
Ginosar until the school re-opened. When he finished school, Rabin considered studying irrigation engineering on scholarship at the University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
, although he ultimately decided to stay and fight in Palestine.


Rabin at home with his wife, grandson, daughter, then son-in-law, and two of his granddaughters in 1992.

Rabin married Leah Schloßberg during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War . Leah Rabin was working at the time as a reporter for a Palmach newspaper. They had two children, Dalia (born 19 March 1950) and Yuval (born 18 June 1955). Rabin was non-religious; according to American diplomat Dennis Ross , Rabin was the most secular Jew he had met in Israel.



In 1941, during his practical training at kibbutz Ramat Yohanan , Rabin joined the newly formed Palmach
section of the Haganah , under the influence of Yigal Allon . Rabin could not yet operate a machine gun, drive a car, or ride a motorcycle, but Moshe Dayan accepted the new recruit. The first operation he participated in was assisting the allied invasion of Lebanon , then held by Vichy French forces (the same operation in which Dayan lost his eye) in June–July 1941. Allon continued to train the young Palmach

As a Palmachnik, Rabin and his men had to lie low to avoid arousing inquiry from the British administration. They spent most of their time farming, training secretly part-time. They wore no uniforms and received no public recognition during this time. In 1943, Rabin took command of a platoon at Kfar Giladi . He trained his men in modern tactics and how to conduct lightning attacks.

After the end of the war the relationship between the Palmach
and the British authorities became strained, especially with respect to the treatment of Jewish immigration. In October 1945 Rabin was in charge of planning and later executing an operation for the release of interned immigrants from the Atlit detainee camp for Jewish illegal immigrants . In the Black Shabbat
, a massive British operation against the leaders of the Jewish Establishment in the British Mandate of Palestine, Rabin was arrested and detained for five months. After his release he became the commander of the second Palmach
battalion and rose to the position of Chief Operations Officer of the Palmach
in October 1947.


Yitzhak Rabin, commander of the Harel Brigade , c. 1948 Rabin and Yigal Allon (1949) The Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements talks. Left to right: Commanders Yehoshafat Harkabi , Aryeh Simon, Yigael Yadin , and Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin

During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War Rabin directed Israeli operations in Jerusalem
and fought the Egyptian army in the Negev
. During the beginning of the war he was the commander of the Harel Brigade , which fought on the road to Jerusalem
from the coastal plain , including the Israeli "Burma Road ," as well as many battles in Jerusalem, such as securing the southern side of the city by recapturing kibbutz Ramat Rachel .

During the first truce he led the Ben Gurion ordered attack by the IDF against the Irgun on the beach of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
as part of the Altalena Affair .

In the following period he was the deputy commander of Operation Danny , the largest scale operation to that point, which involved four IDF brigades. The cities of Ramle and Lydda were captured, as well as the major airport in Lydda, as part of the operation. Following the capture of the two towns there was an exodus of their Arab population . Rabin signed the expulsion order, which included the following, "... 1. The inhabitants of Lydda must be expelled quickly without attention to age. ... 2. Implement immediately." Later, Rabin was chief of operations for the Southern Front and participated in the major battles ending the fighting there, including Operation Yoav and Operation Horev
Operation Horev

In the beginning of 1949 he was a member of the Israeli delegation to the armistice talks with Egypt
that were held on the island of Rhodes . The result of the negotiations were the 1949 Armistice Agreements
1949 Armistice Agreements
, which ended the official hostilities of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Following the demobilization at the end of the war he was the most senior (former) member of the Palmach
that remained in the IDF.

Like many Palmach
leaders, Rabin was politically aligned with the left wing pro-Soviet Ahdut HaAvoda party and later Mapam . These officers were distrusted by Prime Minister David Ben Gurion and several resigned from the army in 1953 after a series of confrontations. Those members of Mapam who remained, such as Rabin, Haim Bar-Lev and David Elazar
David Elazar
, had to endure several years in staff or training posts before resuming their careers.

In 1964 he was appointed chief of staff of the Israel
Defense Forces (IDF) by Levi Eshkol
Levi Eshkol
, who had replaced David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
as Prime-Minister and Minister of Defence . Since Eshkol did not have much military experience, Rabin had a relatively free hand.

Under his command, the IDF achieved victory over Egypt
, Syria and Jordan
in the Six-Day War in 1967. After the Old City of Jerusalem
was captured by the IDF, Rabin was among the first to visit the Old City, and delivered a famous speech on Mount Scopus , at the Hebrew University . In the days leading up to the war, it was reported that Rabin suffered a nervous breakdown and was unable to function. After this short hiatus, he resumed full command over the IDF.


Following his retirement from the IDF he became ambassador to the United States
United States
beginning in 1968, serving for five years. In this period the US became the major weapon supplier of Israel
and in particular he managed to get the embargo on the F-4 Phantom fighter jets lifted. During the 1973 Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War
he served in no official capacity and in the elections held at the end of 1973 he was elected to the Knesset
as a member of the Alignment . He was appointed Israeli Minister of Labour in March 1974 in Golda Meir
Golda Meir
's short-lived government. While serving as ambassador, Rabin met and formed a relationship with Menachem M. Schneerson .


Following Golda Meir's resignation in April 1974, Rabin was elected party leader, after he defeated Shimon Peres . The rivalry between these two Labour leaders remained fierce and they competed several times in the next two decades for the leadership role, and even for who deserved credit for government achievements. Rabin succeeded Golda Meir
Golda Meir
as Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
on 3 June 1974. This was a coalition government, including Ratz , the Independent Liberals , Progress and Development and the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers. This arrangement, with a bare parliamentary majority , held for a few months and was one of the few periods in Israel's history where the religious parties were not part of the coalition. The National Religious Party joined the coalition on 30 October 1974 and Ratz left on 6 November. Play media Short video about Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
from the Israeli News Company

In foreign policy, the major development at the beginning of Rabin's term was the Sinai Interim Agreement between Israel
and Egypt, signed on 1 September 1975. Both countries declared that the conflict between them and in the Middle East shall not be resolved by military force but by peaceful means. This agreement followed Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
's shuttle diplomacy and a threatened "reassessment" of the United States' regional policy and its relations with Israel. Rabin notes it was "an innocent-sounding term that heralded one of the worst periods in American–Israeli relations." But the agreement was an important step towards the Camp David Accords of 1978 and the peace treaty with Egypt
signed in 1979.

Operation Entebbe was perhaps the most dramatic event during Rabin's first term of office. On his orders, the IDF performed a long-range undercover raid to rescue passengers of an airliner hijacked by militants belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine 's Wadie Haddad faction and the German Revolutionary Cells (RZ), who had been brought to Idi Amin 's Uganda
. The operation was generally considered a tremendous success, and its spectacular character has made it the subject of much continued comment and study.

Towards the end of 1976 his coalition government with the religious parties suffered a crisis: A motion of no confidence had been brought by Agudat Yisrael
Agudat Yisrael
over a breach of the Sabbath on an Israeli Air Force base when four F-15 jets were delivered from the US and the National Religious Party had abstained. Rabin dissolved his government and decided on new elections, which were to be held in May 1977.

Following the March 1977 meeting between Rabin and U.S. President Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
, Rabin publicly announced that the U.S. supported the Israeli idea of defensible borders; Carter then issued a clarification. A "fallout" in U.S./Israeli relations ensued. It is thought that the fallout contributed to the Israeli Labor Party's defeat in the May 1977 elections. On 15 March 1977, Haaretz journalist Dan Margalit revealed that a joint dollar account in the names of Yitzhak and Leah Rabin, opened in a Washington, D.C., bank during Rabin's term of office as Israel
ambassador (1968–73), was still open, in breach of Israeli law. According to Israeli currency regulations at the time, it was illegal for citizens to maintain foreign bank accounts without prior authorization. Rabin resigned on 8 April 1977, following the revelation by Maariv journalist S. Isaac Mekel that the Rabins held two accounts in Washington, not one, containing $10,000, and that a Finance Ministry administrative penalty committee fined them IL 150,000. Rabin withdrew from the party leadership and candidacy for prime minister.


Following his resignation and Labour Party defeat at the elections, Likud 's Menachem Begin was elected in 1977 . Until 1984 Rabin had been a member of Knesset
and had sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. From 1984 to 1990, he served as Minister of Defense in several national unity governments led by prime ministers Yitzhak Shamir and Shimon Peres . When Rabin came to office, Israeli troops were still deep in Lebanon. Rabin ordered their withdrawal to a "Security Zone" on the Lebanese side of the border. The South Lebanon Army was active in this zone, along with the Israeli Defence Forces .

When the first Intifada broke out, Rabin adopted harsh measures to stop the demonstrations, even authorizing the use of "Force, might and beatings," on the demonstrators. Rabin the "bone breaker" was used as an International image. The combination of the failure of the "Iron Fist" policy, Israel's deteriorating international image, and Jordan
cutting legal and administrative ties to the West Bank
West Bank
with the U.S.'s recognition of the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people forced Rabin to seek an end to the violence through negotiation and dialogue with the PLO. From 1990 to 1992, Rabin again served as a Knesset
member and sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.


Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
watches Jordan's King Hussein
King Hussein
(left) and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(right) sign the Israel– Jordan
peace treaty Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on 13 September 1993 Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Shaking hands with Jordan's King Hussein
King Hussein
after signing a peace treaty between the two countries in 1994.

In 1992 Rabin was elected as chairman of the Labor Party, winning against Shimon Peres. In the elections that year his party, strongly focusing on the popularity of its leader, managed to win a clear victory over the Likud of incumbent Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. However, the left-wing bloc in the Knesset
only won an overall narrow majority, facilitated by the disqualification of small nationalist parties that did not manage to pass the electoral threshold. Rabin formed the first Labor-led government in fifteen years, supported by a coalition with Meretz , a left wing party, and Shas , a Mizrahi ultra-orthodox religious party.

On 25 July 1993, after Hezbollah fired rockets into northern Israel, Rabin authorized a week-long military operation in Lebanon. Rabin played a leading role in the signing of the Oslo Accords , which created the Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority
and granted it partial control over parts of the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
and West Bank
West Bank
. Prior to the signing of the accords, Rabin received a letter from PLO chairman Yasser Arafat renouncing violence and officially recognizing Israel, and on the same day, 9 September 1993, Rabin sent Arafat a letter officially recognizing the PLO.

After the announcement of the Oslo Accords there were many protest demonstrations in Israel
objecting to the Accords. As these protests dragged on, Rabin insisted that as long as he had a majority in the Knesset
he would ignore the protests and the protesters. In this context he said, "they (the protesters) can spin around and around like propellers" but he would continue on the path of the Oslo Accords. Rabin's parliamentary majority rested on non-coalition member Arab support. Rabin also denied the right of American Jews to object to his plan for peace, calling any such dissent "chutzpah ." The Oslo agreement was also opposed by Hamas
and other Palestinian factions, which launched suicide bombings at Israel.

After the historical handshake with Yasser Arafat, Rabin said, on behalf of the Israeli people, "We who have fought against you, the Palestinians, we say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice, enough of blood and tears ... enough!" During this term of office, Rabin also oversaw the signing of the Israel– Jordan
peace treaty in 1994.


Rabin significantly reformed Israel's economy, as well as its education and healthcare systems. His government significantly expanded the privatization of business, moving away from the country's traditionally socialized economy. The scheme was described by Moshe Arens as a "privatization frenzy." In 1993, his government set up the "Yozma" program, under which attractive tax incentives were offered to foreign venture capital funds that invested in Israel
and promised to double any investment with government funding. As a result, foreign venture capital funds invested heavily in the growing Israeli high-tech industry, contributing to Israel's economic growth and status as a world leader in high-tech. In 1995, the National Health Insurance Law was passed. The law created Israel's universal health care system, moving away from the traditionally Histadrut-dominated health insurance system. Doctors' wages were also raised by 50%. Education spending was raised by 70%, with new colleges being built in Israel's peripheral areas, and teachers' wages rising by one-fifth. His government also launched new public works projects such as the Cross- Israel
Highway and an expansion of Ben Gurion Airport .


(right to left) Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat receiving the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
following the Oslo Accords

For his role in the creation of the Oslo Accords, Rabin was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
, along with Yasser Arafat and Shimon Peres . The Accords greatly divided Israeli society, with some seeing Rabin as a hero for advancing the cause of peace and some seeing him as a traitor for giving away land they viewed as rightfully belonging to Israel. Many Israelis on the right wing often blame him for Jewish deaths in terror attacks, attributing them to the Oslo agreements.

"Military cemeteries in every corner of the world are silent testimony to the failure of national leaders to sanctify human life." Yitzhak Rabin, 1994 Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize


Main article: Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Monument marking the site of the assassination: Ibn Gabirol Street between Tel Aviv City Hall and Gan Ha'ir Graves of Yitzhak (right) and Leah Rabin (left) on Mount Herzl

On the evening of 4 November 1995 (12th of Heshvan on the Hebrew Calendar ), Rabin was assassinated by Yigal Amir , a right-wing extremist who opposed the signing of the Oslo Accords . Rabin had been attending a mass rally at the Kings of Israel
Square (now Rabin Square) in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, held in support of the Oslo Accords. When the rally ended, Rabin walked down the city hall steps towards the open door of his car, at which point Amir fired three shots at Rabin with a semi-automatic pistol . Two shots hit Rabin, and the third lightly injured Yoram Rubin, one of Rabin's bodyguards. Rabin was taken to the nearby Ichilov Hospital with considerable delay, where he died on the operating table less than 40 minutes later due to blood loss and a punctured lung . Amir was immediately seized by Rabin's bodyguards. He was later tried, found guilty, and sentenced to life imprisonment . After an emergency cabinet meeting, Israel's foreign minister, Shimon Peres , was appointed as acting Israeli prime minister.

Rabin's assassination came as a great shock to the Israeli public and much of the rest of the world. Hundreds of thousands of Israelis thronged the square where Rabin was assassinated to mourn his death. Young people, in particular, turned out in large numbers, lighting memorial candles and singing peace songs. On 6 November 1995, he was buried on Mount Herzl . Rabin's funeral was attended by many world leaders, among them U.S. president Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
, Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating
Paul Keating
, Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and King Hussein of Jordan
. Clinton delivered a eulogy whose final words were in Hebrew
– "Shalom, Haver" ( Hebrew
: שלום חבר‎‎, lit. Goodbye, Friend).

The square where he was assassinated, Kikar Malkhei Yisrael (Kings of Israel
Square), was renamed Rabin Square in his honor. Many other streets and public institutions in Israel
have also subsequently been named after him. After his assassination, Rabin was hailed as a national symbol and came to embody the ethos of the "Israeli peace camp," despite his military career and hawkish views earlier in life. In November 2000, his wife Leah died and was buried alongside him.

After the murder, it was revealed that Avishai Raviv , a well known right-wing extremist at the time, was in fact a Shin Bet agent-informer code-named Champagne. Raviv was later acquitted in court of charges that he failed to prevent the assassination. The court ruled there was no evidence that Raviv knew assassin Yigal Amir was plotting to kill Rabin. After Rabin's assassination, his daughter Dalia Rabin-Pelossof entered politics and was elected to the Knesset in 1999 as part of the Center Party . In 2001, she served as Israel's deputy minister of defense .


Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Walk in Queens, New York City
New York City

* The Knesset
has set the 12th of Cheshvan , the murder date according to the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
, as the official memorial day of Rabin.

A memorial stone honouring Rabin in Wellington, New Zealand

* In 1995 the Israeli Postal Authority issued a commemorative Rabin stamp. * In 1996 Israeli songwriter Naomi Shemer translated Walt Whitman 's poem " O Captain! My Captain! " to Hebrew
and wrote music for it to mark the anniversary of Rabin's assassination. The song is since commonly performed or played in Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
memorial day services. * The Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Centre was founded in 1997 by an act of the Knesset
, to create " Memorial Centre for Perpetuating the Memory of Yitzhak Rabin." It carries out extensive commemorative and educational activities emphasising the ways and means of democracy and peace. * Mechinat Rabin , an Israeli pre-army preparatory program for training recent high school graduates in leadership prior to their IDF service, was established in 1998. * In 2005 Rabin received the Dr.Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award endowed by Alexandra Hildebrandt . The award is given annually in recognition of extraordinary, non-violent commitment to human rights. * Many cities and towns in Israel
have named streets, neighbourhoods, schools, bridges and parks after Rabin. The country's largest power station, Orot Rabin
Orot Rabin
, two government office complexes (at the HaKirya in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and the Sail Tower
Sail Tower
in Haifa
), the Israeli terminal of the Arava/Araba border crossing with Jordan, and two synagogues are also named after him. Outside Israel, there are streets and squares named after him in Bonn
, Berlin
, Chicago
, Madrid
, Miami
, New York City
New York City
, and Odessa
and parks in Montreal
, Paris
, Rome
and Lima
. The community Jewish high school in Ottawa
is also named after him. * The Cambridge University Israel
Society hosts its annual academic lecture in honour of Yitzhak Rabin.


* Israel
portal * Biography portal

* List of Israeli Nobel laureates * List of Jewish Nobel laureates * Kempler video
Kempler video
, assassination of Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
video * Shir LaShalom , the "Peace Song" sung by Rabin at the peace rally short before his assassination


* Avner, Yehuda (2010). The Prime Ministers: An Intimate Narrative of Israeli Leadership . Toby Press . ISBN 978-1-59264-278-6 . OCLC 758724969 . * Ben Artzi-Pelossof, Noa (1997). In the Name of Sorrow and Hope. ISBN 978-0-517-17963-5 . * Benedikt, Linda. Yitzhak Rabin: The Battle for Peace. ISBN 1-904950-06-X . * Cleveland, William I. (1994). A History of the Modern Middle East. Westview Press. * Ephron, Dan (2015). Killing a King: The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and the Remaking of Israel. W. W. Norton & Company . ISBN 978-0393242096 . * Gresh, Alain; Vidal, Dominique (2004). The New A to Z of the Middle East. I B Tauris. * Horowitz (ed.), David (1996). Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
- Soldier of Peace. Peter Halban. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * Horowitz (ed.), David. Shalom, Friend: the Life and Legacy of Yitzhak Rabin. ISBN 1-55704-287-X . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * Inbar, Efraim (1999). Rabin and Israel
National Security. Woodrow Wilson Press. * Kurzman, Dan (1998). Soldier of Peace: The Life of Yitzhak Rabin 1922-1995. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-06-018684-4 . * Milstein, Uri (1999). The Rabin File. Gefen. ISBN 965-229-196-X . * Pappe, Ilan (2004). A History of Modern Palestine. Cambridge University Press. * Quigley, John (2004). The Case for Palestine: The International Law Perspective. Duke University Press. * Rabin, Leah . Rabin: Our Life, His Legacy. ISBN 0-399-14217-7 . * Rabin, Yitzhak. The Rabin Memoirs. ISBN 0-520-20766-1 . * Shlaim, Avi (2000). The Iron Wall: Israel
and the Arab World. Penguin Books. * Slater, Robert (2015). Rabin: 20 Years After. Kotarim International Publishing . ISBN 978-9-657-58913-7 . * Slater, Robert (1993). Rabin of Israel. Robson Books. * Smith, Charles D. (2004). Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (5th ed.). Macmillan Press. * Sorek, Tamir (2015). Palestinian Commemoration in Israel: Calendars, Monuments, and Martyrs. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. pp. 217–232. ISBN 9780804795180 . * Sprinzak, Ehud (2000), Yoram Peri, ed., "Israeli Radical Right", The Association of Yitzhak Rabin, Stanford University Press * Tessler, Mark (1974). A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Indiana University Press.


* ^ izrus.co.il (18 March 2010). "Доказано украинское происхождение Ицхака Рабина Еврейские новости мира и Украины ВЕК – Всеукраинский еврейский конгресс". Jewish.kiev.ua. Retrieved 31 August 2011. * ^ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
– from soldier to Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
Laureate Dadalos * ^ Slater, Robert (1993). Rabin of Israel: Biography of the Embattled Prime Minister. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 25. ISBN 0312093683 . * ^ Slater, pp. 27–28 * ^ Slater, p. 34 * ^ Slater, pp. 28–29 * ^ Slater, p. 31 * ^ Slater, pp. 37, 39–40 * ^ Kurzman, Dan (1998). Soldier of Peace: The Life of Yitzhak Rabin, 1922–1995 (1. ed.). New York, NY: HarperCollins. p. 75. ISBN 0060186844 . * ^ Slater, p. 41 * ^ Slater, pp. 42–43 * ^ Kurzman, p. 80 * ^ Kurzman, p. 81 * ^ Dennis Ross . August 2004. The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux . p. 91 * ^ Kurzman, p. 82 * ^ Slater, pp. 46–47 * ^ Kurzman, p. 88 * ^ Slater, p. 50 * ^ Slater, p. 49 * ^ Morris, Benny (1987). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem 1947–1949. Cambridge Middle East Library. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 207. * ^ Peri, Yoram. "Between battles and ballots. Israeli military in politics." Cambridge University Press. 1983. ISBN 0-521-24414-5 . p. 62. * ^ Krauthammer, Charles (18 May 2007). "Prelude to the Six Days". The Washington Post. * ^ Jewish Virtual Library Yitzhak Rabin * ^ Yitchok Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, recalls his visit to Menachem Schneerson in 1972. on YouTube
* ^ Parks, Michael (July 29, 1994). "Rivalry Between Rabin, Peres Rekindled Over Who Deserves Credit for Jordan
Pact". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 21 July 2014. * ^ "Interim Agreement between Israel
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* One of the last recorded interviews with Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
– a six-minute interview with David Esing, recorded one month before