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Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(Hebrew: יצחק רבין‬, IPA: [jitsˈχak ʁaˈbin] ( listen); 1 March 1922 – 4 November 1995) was an Israeli politician, statesman and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, 1974–77 and 1992 until his assassination in 1995. Rabin was born in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
to Ukrainian-Jewish immigrants and was raised in a Labor Zionist household. He learned agriculture in school and excelled as a student. He led a 27-year career as a soldier. As a teenager he joined the Palmach, the commando force of the Yishuv. He eventually rose through its ranks to become its chief of operations during Israel's War of Independence. He joined the newly formed Israel Defense Forces in late 1948 and continued to rise as a promising officer. He helped shape the training doctrine of the IDF in the early 1950s, and led the IDF's Operations Directorate from 1959 to 1963. He was appointed Chief of the General Staff in 1964 and oversaw Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War. Rabin served as Israel's ambassador to the United States
United States
from 1968 to 1973, during a period of deepening U.S.– Israel
Israel
ties. He was appointed Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
in 1974, after the resignation of Golda Meir. In his first term, Rabin signed the Sinai Interim Agreement and ordered the Entebbe raid. He resigned in 1977 in the wake of a financial scandal. Rabin was Israel's minister of defense for much of the 1980s, including during the outbreak of the First Intifada. In 1992, Rabin was re-elected as prime minister on a platform embracing the Israeli–Palestinian peace process. He signed several historic agreements with the Palestinian leadership as part of the Oslo Accords. In 1994, Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
together with long-time political rival Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. Rabin also signed a peace treaty with Jordan
Jordan
in 1994. In November 1995, he was assassinated by an extremist named Yigal Amir, who opposed the terms of the Oslo Accords. Amir was arrested and convicted of Rabin's murder; he was sentenced to life imprisonment. Rabin was the first native-born prime minister of Israel, the only prime minister to be assassinated and the second to die in office after Levi Eshkol. Rabin has become a symbol of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process.

Contents

1 Personal life

1.1 Family background 1.2 Early life and education

2 Marriage and family 3 Military career

3.1 Palmach 3.2 IDF service

4 Ambassador and Minister of Labour 5 First term as Prime Minister 6 Opposition Knesset
Knesset
member and Minister of Defense 7 Second term as Prime Minister

7.1 Economic and social reforms 7.2 Nobel Peace Prize

8 Assassination and aftermath 9 Commemoration 10 See also 11 Bibliography 12 References 13 External links

Personal life Family background Rabin was born at Shaare Zedek Medical Center
Shaare Zedek Medical Center
in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
on 1 March 1922, Mandatory Palestine, to Nehemiah (1886 – 1 December 1971) and Rosa (née Cohen; 1890 – 12 November 1937) Rabin, immigrants of the Third Aliyah, the third wave of Jewish immigration to Palestine from Europe. Nehemiah was born Nehemiah Rubitzov in the shtetl Sydorovychi near Ivankiv
Ivankiv
in the southern Pale of Settlement
Pale of Settlement
(present-day Ukraine).[1] His father Menachem died when he was a boy, and Nehemiah worked to support his family from an early age. At the age of 18, he emigrated to the United States, where he joined the Poale Zion
Poale Zion
party and changed his surname to Rabin. In 1917, Nehemiah Rabin went to Mandatory Palestine
Mandatory Palestine
with a group of volunteers from the Jewish Legion. Yitzhak's mother, Rosa Cohen, was born in 1890 in Mogilev
Mogilev
in Belarus. Her father, a rabbi, opposed the Zionist movement and sent Rosa to a Christian high school for girls in Gomel, which gave her a broad general education. Early on, Rosa took an interest in political and social causes. In 1919, she traveled to Palestine on the steamship Ruslan. After working on a kibbutz on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, she moved to Jerusalem.[2] Rabin's parents met in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
during the 1920 Nebi Musa riots.[3] They moved to Tel Aviv's Chlenov Street near Jaffa
Jaffa
in 1923. Nehemiah became a worker for the Palestine Electric Corporation and Rosa was an accountant and local activist. She became a member of the Tel Aviv City Council.[4] The family moved again in 1931 to a two-room apartment on Hamagid Street in Tel Aviv.[5] Early life and education

External video

Booknotes interview with Rabin's granddaughter Noa Ben Artzi-Pelossof on her book about Rabin, In the Name of Sorrow and Hope, May 26, 1996, C-SPAN

Rabin grew up in Tel Aviv, where the family relocated when he was one year old. He enrolled in the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Beit Hinuch Leyaldei Ovdim (בית חינוך לילדי עובדים, "School House for Workers' Children") in 1928 and completed his studies there in 1935. The school taught the children agriculture as well as Zionism.[6] Rabin mostly received good marks in school, but he was so shy that few people knew he was intelligent.[7] In 1935, Rabin enrolled at an agricultural school on kibbutz Givat Hashlosha that his mother founded. It was here in 1936 at the age of 14 that Rabin joined the Haganah
Haganah
and received his first military training, learning how to use a pistol and stand guard. He joined a socialist-Zionist youth movement, HaNoar HaOved.[8] In 1937, he enrolled at the two-year Kadoorie Agricultural High School. He excelled in a number of agriculture-related subjects but disliked studying English language—the language of the British "enemy."[9][10] He originally aspired to be an irrigation engineer, but his interest in military affairs intensified in 1938, when the ongoing Arab revolt worsened. A young Haganah
Haganah
sergeant named Yigal Allon, later a general in the IDF and prominent politician, trained Rabin and others at Kadoorie. Rabin finished at Kadoorie in August 1940.[11] For part of 1939, the British closed Kadoorie, and Rabin joined Allon as a military policeman at Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Ginosar
Ginosar
until the school re-opened.[12] When he finished school, Rabin considered studying irrigation engineering on scholarship at the University of California, Berkeley, although he ultimately decided to stay and fight in Palestine.[13] Marriage and family

Rabin at home with his wife, grandson, daughter, then son-in-law, and two of his granddaughters in 1992.

Rabin married Leah Schlossberg during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Leah Rabin
Leah Rabin
was working at the time as a reporter for a Palmach newspaper. They had two children, Dalia (born 19 March 1950) and Yuval (born 18 June 1955). Rabin was non-religious; according to American diplomat Dennis Ross, Rabin was the most secular Jew he had met in Israel.[14] Military career Palmach In 1941, during his practical training at kibbutz Ramat Yohanan, Rabin joined the newly formed Palmach
Palmach
section of the Haganah, under the influence of Yigal Allon. Rabin could not yet operate a machine gun, drive a car, or ride a motorcycle, but Moshe Dayan
Moshe Dayan
accepted the new recruit.[15] The first operation he participated in was assisting the allied invasion of Lebanon, then held by Vichy French
Vichy French
forces (the same operation in which Dayan lost his eye) in June–July 1941.[16] Allon continued to train the young Palmach
Palmach
forces. As a Palmachnik, Rabin and his men had to lie low to avoid arousing inquiry from the British administration. They spent most of their time farming, training secretly part-time.[17] They wore no uniforms and received no public recognition during this time.[18] In 1943, Rabin took command of a platoon at Kfar Giladi. He trained his men in modern tactics and how to conduct lightning attacks.[19] After the end of the war the relationship between the Palmach
Palmach
and the British authorities became strained, especially with respect to the treatment of Jewish immigration. In October 1945 Rabin was in charge of planning and later executing an operation for the release of interned immigrants from the Atlit detainee camp
Atlit detainee camp
for Jewish illegal immigrants. In the Black Shabbat, a massive British operation against the leaders of the Jewish Establishment in the British Mandate of Palestine, Rabin was arrested and detained for five months. After his release he became the commander of the second Palmach
Palmach
battalion and rose to the position of Chief Operations Officer of the Palmach
Palmach
in October 1947. IDF service

Yitzhak Rabin, commander of the Harel Brigade, c. 1948

Rabin and Yigal Allon
Yigal Allon
(1949)

The Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements
1949 Armistice Agreements
talks. Left to right: Commanders Yehoshafat Harkabi, Aryeh Simon, Yigael Yadin, and Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1949)

During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War
1948 Arab–Israeli War
Rabin directed Israeli operations in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and fought the Egyptian army in the Negev. During the beginning of the war he was the commander of the Harel Brigade, which fought on the road to Jerusalem
Jerusalem
from the coastal plain, including the Israeli "Burma Road," as well as many battles in Jerusalem, such as securing the southern side of the city by recapturing kibbutz Ramat Rachel. During the first truce he led the Ben Gurion ordered attack by the IDF against the Irgun
Irgun
on the beach of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
as part of the Altalena Affair. In the following period he was the deputy commander of Operation Danny, the largest scale operation to that point, which involved four IDF brigades. The cities of Ramle
Ramle
and Lydda were captured, as well as the major airport in Lydda, as part of the operation. Following the capture of the two towns there was an exodus of their Arab population. Rabin signed the expulsion order, which included the following: "... 1. The inhabitants of Lydda must be expelled quickly without attention to age. ... 2. Implement immediately."[20] Later, Rabin was chief of operations for the Southern Front and participated in the major battles ending the fighting there, including Operation Yoav
Operation Yoav
and Operation Horev. In the beginning of 1949 he was a member of the Israeli delegation to the armistice talks with Egypt
Egypt
that were held on the island of Rhodes. The result of the negotiations were the 1949 Armistice Agreements, which ended the official hostilities of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Following the demobilization at the end of the war he was the most senior (former) member of the Palmach
Palmach
that remained in the IDF. Like many Palmach
Palmach
leaders, Rabin was politically aligned with the left wing pro-Soviet Ahdut HaAvoda party and later Mapam. These officers were distrusted by Prime Minister David Ben Gurion
David Ben Gurion
and several resigned from the army in 1953 after a series of confrontations. Those members of Mapam
Mapam
who remained, such as Rabin, Haim Bar-Lev and David Elazar, had to endure several years in staff or training posts before resuming their careers.[21] Rabin headed Israel's Northern Command from 1956 to 1959.[22] In 1964 he was appointed chief of staff of the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces (IDF) by Levi Eshkol, who had replaced David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
as Prime-Minister
Prime-Minister
and Minister of Defence. Since Eshkol did not have much military experience and trusted Rabin's judgement, he had a very free hand. According to the memoirs of Eshkol's military secretary, Eshkol followed Rabin "with closed eyes".[23] Under his command, the IDF achieved victory over Egypt, Syria and Jordan
Jordan
in the Six-Day War
Six-Day War
in 1967. After the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
was captured by the IDF, Rabin was among the first to visit the Old City, and delivered a famous speech on Mount Scopus, at the Hebrew University. In the days leading up to the war, it was reported that Rabin suffered a nervous breakdown and was unable to function.[24] After this short hiatus, he resumed full command over the IDF. Ambassador and Minister of Labour Following his retirement from the IDF he became ambassador to the United States
United States
beginning in 1968, serving for five years. In this period the US became the major weapon supplier of Israel
Israel
and in particular he managed to get the embargo on the F-4 Phantom
F-4 Phantom
fighter jets lifted. During the 1973 Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War
he served in no official capacity and in the elections held at the end of 1973 he was elected to the Knesset
Knesset
as a member of the Alignment. He was appointed Israeli Minister of Labour in March 1974 in Golda Meir's short-lived government.[25] While serving as ambassador, Rabin met and formed a relationship with Menachem M. Schneerson.[26] First term as Prime Minister Following Golda Meir's resignation in April 1974, Rabin was elected party leader, after he defeated Shimon Peres. The rivalry between these two Labour leaders remained fierce and they competed several times in the next two decades for the leadership role, and even for who deserved credit for government achievements.[27] Rabin succeeded Golda Meir
Golda Meir
as Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
on 3 June 1974. This was a coalition government, including Ratz, the Independent Liberals, Progress and Development and the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers. This arrangement, with a bare parliamentary majority, held for a few months and was one of the few periods in Israel's history where the religious parties were not part of the coalition. The National Religious Party joined the coalition on 30 October 1974 and Ratz left on 6 November.

Play media

Short video about Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
from the Israeli News Company

In foreign policy, the major development at the beginning of Rabin's term was the Sinai Interim Agreement between Israel
Israel
and Egypt, signed on 1 September 1975. Both countries declared that the conflict between them and in the Middle East shall not be resolved by military force but by peaceful means.[28] This agreement followed Henry Kissinger's shuttle diplomacy and a threatened "reassessment" of the United States' regional policy and its relations with Israel. Rabin notes it was "an innocent-sounding term that heralded one of the worst periods in American–Israeli relations."[29] But the agreement was an important step towards the Camp David Accords
Camp David Accords
of 1978 and the peace treaty with Egypt
Egypt
signed in 1979. Operation Entebbe
Operation Entebbe
was perhaps the most dramatic event during Rabin's first term of office. On his orders, the IDF performed a long-range undercover raid to rescue passengers of an airliner hijacked by militants belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine's Wadie Haddad faction and the German Revolutionary Cells (RZ), who had been brought to Idi Amin's Uganda.[30] The operation was generally considered a tremendous success, and its spectacular character has made it the subject of much continued comment and study. Towards the end of 1976 his coalition government with the religious parties suffered a crisis: A motion of no confidence had been brought by Agudat Yisrael
Agudat Yisrael
over a breach of the Sabbath on an Israeli Air Force base when four F-15
F-15
jets were delivered from the US and the National Religious Party had abstained. Rabin dissolved his government and decided on new elections, which were to be held in May 1977. Following the March 1977 meeting between Rabin and U.S. President Jimmy Carter, Rabin publicly announced that the U.S. supported the Israeli idea of defensible borders; Carter then issued a clarification. A "fallout" in U.S./Israeli relations ensued. It is thought that the fallout contributed to the Israeli Labor Party's defeat in the May 1977 elections.[31] On 15 March 1977, Haaretz journalist Dan Margalit revealed that a joint dollar account in the names of Yitzhak and Leah Rabin, opened in a Washington, D.C., bank during Rabin's term of office as Israel
Israel
ambassador (1968–73), was still open, in breach of Israeli law.[32] According to Israeli currency regulations at the time, it was illegal for citizens to maintain foreign bank accounts without prior authorization. Rabin resigned on 8 April 1977, following the revelation by Maariv journalist S. Isaac Mekel that the Rabins held two accounts in Washington, not one, containing $10,000, and that a Finance Ministry administrative penalty committee fined them IL150,000.[33] Rabin withdrew from the party leadership and candidacy for prime minister. Opposition Knesset
Knesset
member and Minister of Defense Following his resignation and Labour Party defeat at the elections, Likud's Menachem Begin
Menachem Begin
was elected in 1977. Until 1984 Rabin had been a member of Knesset
Knesset
and had sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. From 1984 to 1990, he served as Minister of Defense in several national unity governments led by prime ministers Yitzhak Shamir and Shimon Peres. When Rabin came to office, Israeli troops were still deep in Lebanon. Rabin ordered their withdrawal to a "Security Zone" on the Lebanese side of the border. The South Lebanon Army was active in this zone, along with the Israeli Defence Forces. When the first Intifada broke out, Rabin adopted harsh measures to stop the demonstrations, even authorizing the use of "Force, might and beatings," on the demonstrators.[34][35] Rabin the "bone breaker" was used as an International image.[36] The combination of the failure of the "Iron Fist" policy, Israel's deteriorating international image, and Jordan
Jordan
cutting legal and administrative ties to the West Bank
West Bank
with the U.S.'s recognition of the PLO
PLO
as the representative of the Palestinian people
Palestinian people
forced Rabin to seek an end to the violence through negotiation and dialogue with the PLO.[36][37] From 1990 to 1992, Rabin again served as a Knesset
Knesset
member and sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. Second term as Prime Minister

Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
watches Jordan's King Hussein
King Hussein
(left) and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(right) sign the Israel– Jordan
Jordan
peace treaty

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
during the Oslo Accords on 13 September 1993

Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
shaking hands with Jordan's King Hussein
King Hussein
after signing a peace treaty between the two countries in 1994.

In 1992 Rabin was elected as chairman of the Labor Party, winning against Shimon Peres. In the elections that year his party, strongly focusing on the popularity of its leader, managed to win a clear victory over the Likud
Likud
of incumbent Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. However, the left-wing bloc in the Knesset
Knesset
only won an overall narrow majority, facilitated by the disqualification of small nationalist parties that did not manage to pass the electoral threshold. Rabin formed the first Labor-led government in fifteen years, supported by a coalition with Meretz, a left wing party, and Shas, a Mizrahi ultra-orthodox religious party. On 25 July 1993, after Hezbollah
Hezbollah
fired rockets into northern Israel, Rabin authorized a week-long military operation in Lebanon.[38] Rabin played a leading role in the signing of the Oslo Accords, which created the Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority
and granted it partial control over parts of the Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
and West Bank. Prior to the signing of the accords, Rabin received a letter from PLO
PLO
chairman Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
renouncing violence and officially recognizing Israel, and on the same day, 9 September 1993, Rabin sent Arafat a letter officially recognizing the PLO.[39] After the announcement of the Oslo Accords
Oslo Accords
there were many protest demonstrations in Israel
Israel
objecting to the Accords. As these protests dragged on, Rabin insisted that as long as he had a majority in the Knesset
Knesset
he would ignore the protests and the protesters. In this context he said, "they (the protesters) can spin around and around like propellers"[40] but he would continue on the path of the Oslo Accords. Rabin's parliamentary majority rested on non-coalition member Arab support.[41] Rabin also denied the right of American Jews to object to his plan for peace, calling any such dissent "chutzpah."[42] The Oslo agreement was also opposed by Hamas
Hamas
and other Palestinian factions, which launched suicide bombings at Israel.[43] After the historical handshake with Yasser Arafat,[44] Rabin said, on behalf of the Israeli people, "We who have fought against you, the Palestinians, we say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice, enough of blood and tears ... enough!"[45] During this term of office, Rabin also oversaw the signing of the Israel– Jordan
Jordan
peace treaty in 1994.[46] Economic and social reforms Rabin significantly reformed Israel's economy, as well as its education and healthcare systems. His government significantly expanded the privatization of business, moving away from the country's traditionally socialized economy. The scheme was described by Moshe Arens as a "privatization frenzy." In 1993, his government set up the "Yozma" program, under which attractive tax incentives were offered to foreign venture capital funds that invested in Israel
Israel
and promised to double any investment with government funding. As a result, foreign venture capital funds invested heavily in the growing Israeli high-tech industry, contributing to Israel's economic growth and status as a world leader in high-tech. In 1995, the National Health Insurance Law was passed. The law created Israel's universal health care system, moving away from the traditionally Histadrut-dominated health insurance system. Doctors' wages were also raised by 50%. Education spending was raised by 70%, with new colleges being built in Israel's peripheral areas, and teachers' wages rising by one-fifth. His government also launched new public works projects such as the Cross- Israel
Israel
Highway and an expansion of Ben Gurion Airport.[47][48][49][50] Nobel Peace Prize

(right to left) Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
and Yasser Arafat receiving the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
following the Oslo Accords

For his role in the creation of the Oslo Accords, Rabin was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize, along with Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
and Shimon Peres.[51][52] The Accords greatly divided Israeli society, with some seeing Rabin as a hero for advancing the cause of peace and some seeing him as a traitor for giving away land they viewed as rightfully belonging to Israel. Many Israelis on the right wing often blame him for Jewish deaths in terror attacks, attributing them to the Oslo agreements.[53]

"Military cemeteries in every corner of the world are silent testimony to the failure of national leaders to sanctify human life." Yitzhak Rabin, 1994 Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
lecture[54]

Assassination and aftermath Main article: Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin

Monument marking the site of the assassination: Ibn Gabirol Street between Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
City Hall and Gan Ha'ir

Graves of Yitzhak (right) and Leah Rabin
Leah Rabin
(left) on Mount Herzl

On the evening of 4 November 1995 (12th of Heshvan
Heshvan
on the Hebrew Calendar[55]), Rabin was assassinated by Yigal Amir, a right-wing extremist who opposed the signing of the Oslo Accords. Rabin had been attending a mass rally at the Kings of Israel
Israel
Square (now Rabin Square) in Tel Aviv, held in support of the Oslo Accords. When the rally ended, Rabin walked down the city hall steps towards the open door of his car, at which point Amir fired three shots at Rabin with a semi-automatic pistol. Two shots hit Rabin, and the third lightly injured Yoram Rubin, one of Rabin's bodyguards. Rabin was taken to the nearby Ichilov Hospital with considerable delay, where he died on the operating table less than 40 minutes later due to blood loss and a punctured lung. Amir was immediately seized by Rabin's bodyguards. He was later tried, found guilty, and sentenced to life imprisonment. After an emergency cabinet meeting, Israel's foreign minister, Shimon Peres, was appointed as acting Israeli prime minister.[56] Rabin's assassination came as a great shock to the Israeli public and much of the rest of the world. Hundreds of thousands of Israelis thronged the square where Rabin was assassinated to mourn his death. Young people, in particular, turned out in large numbers, lighting memorial candles and singing peace songs. On 6 November 1995, he was buried on Mount Herzl. Rabin's funeral was attended by many world leaders, among them U.S. president Bill Clinton, Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating, Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak
Hosni Mubarak
and King Hussein of Jordan. Clinton delivered a eulogy whose final words were in Hebrew
Hebrew
– "Shalom, Haver" (Hebrew: שלום חבר‎, lit. Goodbye, Friend).[57][58] The square where he was assassinated, Kikar Malkhei Yisrael (Kings of Israel
Israel
Square), was renamed Rabin Square
Rabin Square
in his honor. Many other streets and public institutions in Israel
Israel
have also subsequently been named after him. After his assassination, Rabin was hailed as a national symbol and came to embody the ethos of the "Israeli peace camp," despite his military career and hawkish views earlier in life.[59] In November 2000, his wife Leah died and was buried alongside him. After the murder, it was revealed that Avishai Raviv, a well known right-wing extremist at the time, was in fact a Shin Bet agent-informer code-named Champagne. Raviv was later acquitted in court of charges that he failed to prevent the assassination. The court ruled there was no evidence that Raviv knew assassin Yigal Amir was plotting to kill Rabin.[60] After Rabin's assassination, his daughter Dalia Rabin-Pelossof
Dalia Rabin-Pelossof
entered politics and was elected to the Knesset
Knesset
in 1999 as part of the Center Party. In 2001, she served as Israel's deputy minister of defense.[61] Commemoration

Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Walk in Queens, New York City

The Knesset
Knesset
has set the 12th of Cheshvan, the murder date according to the Hebrew
Hebrew
calendar, as the official memorial day of Rabin.[62]

A memorial stone honouring Rabin in Wellington, New Zealand

In 1995 the Israeli Postal Authority issued a commemorative Rabin stamp.[63] In 1996 Israeli songwriter Naomi Shemer
Naomi Shemer
translated Walt Whitman's poem "O Captain! My Captain!" to Hebrew
Hebrew
and wrote music for it to mark the anniversary of Rabin's assassination. The song is since commonly performed or played in Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
memorial day services. The Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Centre was founded in 1997 by an act of the Knesset, to create "[a] Memorial Centre for Perpetuating the Memory of Yitzhak Rabin." It carries out extensive commemorative and educational activities emphasising the ways and means of democracy and peace. Mechinat Rabin, an Israeli pre-army preparatory program for training recent high school graduates in leadership prior to their IDF service, was established in 1998. In 2005 Rabin received the Dr.Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award endowed by Alexandra Hildebrandt. The award is given annually in recognition of extraordinary, non-violent commitment to human rights. Many cities and towns in Israel
Israel
have named streets, neighbourhoods, schools, bridges and parks after Rabin. The country's largest power station, Orot Rabin, two government office complexes (at the HaKirya in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and the Sail Tower
Sail Tower
in Haifa), the Israeli terminal of the Arava/Araba border crossing with Jordan, and two synagogues are also named after him. Outside Israel, there are streets and squares named after him in Bonn, Berlin, Chicago, Madrid, Miami, New York City, and Odessa
Odessa
and parks in Montreal, Paris, Rome
Rome
and Lima.[64] The community Jewish high school in Ottawa
Ottawa
is also named after him.[65][66] The Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Israel
Israel
Society hosts its annual academic lecture in honour of Yitzhak Rabin.[67]

See also

Israel
Israel
portal Biography portal

List of Israeli Nobel laureates List of Jewish Nobel laureates Kempler video, assassination of Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
video Shir LaShalom, the "Peace Song" sung by Rabin at the peace rally short before his assassination

Bibliography

Avner, Yehuda (2010). The Prime Ministers: An Intimate Narrative of Israeli Leadership. Toby Press. ISBN 978-1-59264-278-6. OCLC 758724969.  Ben Artzi-Pelossof, Noa (1997). In the Name of Sorrow and Hope. ISBN 978-0-517-17963-5.  Benedikt, Linda. Yitzhak Rabin: The Battle for Peace. ISBN 1-904950-06-X.  Cleveland, William I. (1994). A History of the Modern Middle East. Westview Press.  Ephron, Dan (2015). Killing a King: The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and the Remaking of Israel. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0393242096.  Gresh, Alain; Vidal, Dominique (2004). The New A to Z of the Middle East. I B Tauris.  Horowitz (ed.), David (1996). Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
- Soldier of Peace. Peter Halban. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Horowitz (ed.), David. Shalom, Friend: the Life and Legacy of Yitzhak Rabin. ISBN 1-55704-287-X. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Inbar, Efraim (1999). Rabin and Israel
Israel
National Security. Woodrow Wilson Press.  Kurzman, Dan (1998). Soldier of Peace: The Life of Yitzhak Rabin 1922-1995. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-06-018684-4.  Milstein, Uri (1999). The Rabin File. Gefen. ISBN 965-229-196-X.  Pappe, Ilan (2004). A History of Modern Palestine. Cambridge University Press.  Quigley, John (2004). The Case for Palestine: The International Law Perspective. Duke University Press.  Rabin, Leah. Rabin: Our Life, His Legacy. ISBN 0-399-14217-7.  Rabin, Yitzhak. The Rabin Memoirs. ISBN 0-520-20766-1.  Shlaim, Avi (2000). The Iron Wall: Israel
Israel
and the Arab World. Penguin Books.  Slater, Robert (2015). Rabin: 20 Years After. Kotarim International Publishing. ISBN 978-9-657-58913-7.  Slater, Robert (1993). Rabin of Israel. Robson Books.  Smith, Charles D. (2004). Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (5th ed.). Macmillan Press.  Sorek, Tamir (2015). Palestinian Commemoration in Israel: Calendars, Monuments, and Martyrs. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. pp. 217–232. ISBN 9780804795180.  Sprinzak, Ehud (2000), Yoram Peri, ed., "Israeli Radical Right", The Association of Yitzhak Rabin, Stanford University Press  Tessler, Mark (1974). A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Indiana University Press. 

References

^ izrus.co.il (18 March 2010). "Доказано украинское происхождение Ицхака Рабина Еврейские новости мира и Украины ВЕК – Всеукраинский еврейский конгресс". Jewish.kiev.ua. Retrieved 31 August 2011.  ^ Yitzhak Rabin – from soldier to Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
Laureate Dadalos ^ Slater, Robert (1993). Rabin of Israel: Biography of the Embattled Prime Minister. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 25. ISBN 0312093683.  ^ Slater, pp. 27–28 ^ Slater, p. 34 ^ Slater, pp. 28–29 ^ Slater, p. 31 ^ Slater, pp. 37, 39–40 ^ Kurzman, Dan (1998). Soldier of Peace: The Life of Yitzhak Rabin, 1922–1995 (1. ed.). New York, NY: HarperCollins. p. 75. ISBN 0060186844.  ^ Slater, p. 41 ^ Slater, pp. 42–43 ^ Kurzman, p. 80 ^ Kurzman, p. 81 ^ Dennis Ross. August 2004. The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. p. 91 ^ Kurzman, p. 82 ^ Slater, pp. 46–47 ^ Kurzman, p. 88 ^ Slater, p. 50 ^ Slater, p. 49 ^ Morris, Benny (1987). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem 1947–1949. Cambridge Middle East Library. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Press. p. 207.  ^ Peri, Yoram. "Between battles and ballots. Israeli military in politics." Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Press. 1983. ISBN 0-521-24414-5. p. 62. ^ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Center (n.d.). "Biography of Yitzhak Rabin" (PDF). p. 3.  ^ Maoz, Zeev (2006). Defending the Holy Land. University of Michigan Press. pp. 100–101. ISBN 0472115405.  ^ Krauthammer, Charles (18 May 2007). "Prelude to the Six Days". The Washington Post.  ^ Jewish Virtual Library Yitzhak Rabin ^ Yitchok Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, recalls his visit to Menachem Schneerson in 1972. on YouTube ^ Parks, Michael (29 July 1994). "Rivalry Between Rabin, Peres Rekindled Over Who Deserves Credit for Jordan
Jordan
Pact". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 July 2014.  ^ "Interim Agreement between Israel
Israel
and Egypt". Knesset.gov.il. Retrieved 31 August 2011.  ^ Yitzak Rabin, The Rabin Memoirs, ISBN 0-520-20766-1, p. 261 ^ Avner, Yehuda (2010). The Prime Ministers: An Intimate Narrative of Israeli Leadership. The Toby Press. pp. 303–18. ISBN 978-1-59264-278-6.  ^ William B. Quandt (2005) Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab–Israeli Conflict Since 1967 University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-24631-4 and ISBN 978-0-520-24631-7 p. 182 ^ Avner, Yehuda (2010). The Prime Ministers: An Intimate Narrative of Israeli Leadership. The Toby Press. ISBN 978-1-59264-278-6.  ^ "Rabin Resigns Following Probe into Illegal Bank Accounts Held by Him and His Wife in Washington". JTA. 8 April 1977. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ Shipler, David K. (26 January 1988). "U.S. Jews Torn Over Arab Beatings". The New York Times.  ^ " Israel
Israel
Declines to Study Rabin Tie to Beatings". The New York Times. 12 July 1990.  ^ a b Shlaim, Avi (2000). The Iron Wall; Israel
Israel
and the Arab World. Penguin Books. pp. 453–57. ISBN 0-14-028870-8.  ^ Sicherman, Harvey. "Yitzhak Rabin: An Appreciation". Foreign Policy Research Institute. Archived from the original on 9 September 2008.  ^ "Operation Accountability: Step by step," Mako, 12-09-93 (Hebrew) ^ Gelvin, James L (2007). "Chapter 10: Coming full circle – Oslo and its aftermath". The Israel-Palestine conflict: One Hundred Years of War. Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Press. p. 233. ISBN 978-0521716529. Retrieved 16 September 2012.  ^ Leora Eren Frucht (3 November 2000). "Her Grandfather, His Legacy". Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post. Archived from the original on 24 March 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2012.  ^ Rabinovich, Itamar. Israel
Israel
in the Middle East: documents and readings on society, politics, and foreign relations, pre-1948 to the present.  ^ Katz, Shmuel (20 October 1995). "Yitzhak Rabin's Own Chutzpah..." (PDF). Jewish Daily Forward.  ^ Schmemann, Serge (22 August 1995). "Bus bombing kills five in Jerusalem; 100 are wounded". New York Times.  ^ "20 years on, Rabin's right-hand man regrets arguments won, and lost". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 28 November 2016.  ^ Dicus, Howard (1993). "1993 Year in Review: Israeli-Palestinian Peace Treaty". United Press International. Retrieved 16 September 2012.  ^ Dicus, Howard (1994). "1994 Year in Review: Treaty between Israel and Jordan
Jordan
and Peace in Ireland". United Press International. Retrieved 16 September 2012.  ^ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/yitzhak-rabins-little-known-economic-legacy-2015-10-29 ^ http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/1.673615 ^ http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/business/the-bottom-line-when-the-horses-are-far-far-away-1.70593 ^ https://www.city-journal.org/html/silicon-israel-13208.html ^ " Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
- Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 31 August 2011.  ^ Nobel Prize.org 1994 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
Laureates ^ Karsh, Efraim (2006). Islamic Imperialism: A History. Yale University Press. p. 181. ISBN 0300106033.  ^ 1994 Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
lecture (10 December 1994) ^ 4 November 1995 hebcal ^ BBC
BBC
On This Day ^ The Assassination and Funeral of Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
CNN ^ "Shalom haver". Archived from the original on 23 June 2009.  ^ Jpost "Third anniversary commemoration, Yitzhak Rabin: The Sabra, the Mensch By Abraham Rabinovich ^ Moshe Reinfeld (1 April 2003). " Avishai Raviv acquitted of having failed to prevent Rabin assassination". Haaretz. Retrieved 8 September 2013.  ^ "Deputy Defense Minister Dalia Rabin-Pelossof". IMRA. 12 June 2001. Retrieved 8 September 2013.  ^ "חוקים לזכרו של יצחק רבין" (in Hebrew).  ^ Commemorative Rabin Stamp Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs ^ "גרסה להדפסה: מדינה שלמה על שם רבין – וואלה! חדשות". walla.co.il. Retrieved 31 August 2011.  ^ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
High School ^ "Abierta la glorieta de Isaac Rabin". abc.es. Retrieved 11 May 2014.  ^ "CU Israel
Israel
Society Statement – Inaugural Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Memorial Lecture". Union of Jewish Students. 14 November 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yitzhak Rabin.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Yitzhak Rabin

One of the last recorded interviews with Yitzhak Rabin – a six-minute interview with David Esing, recorded one month before his assassination. Eulogies at the Funeral of Prime Minister Rabin Jewish Virtual Library Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
Information Page Dromi, Uri (5 November 2005). "Still craving peace 10 years after Rabin". New Straits Times, p. 20. " Israel
Israel
marks Rabin assassination". (5 November 2005). BBC. Appearances on C-SPAN Segment Interview on YouTube
YouTube
by Leon Charney
Leon Charney
on The Leon Charney Report Full Interview on YouTube
YouTube
by Leon Charney
Leon Charney
on The Leon Charney
Leon Charney
Report

Party political offices

Preceded by Golda Meir Leader of the Alignment 1973–1977 Succeeded by Shimon Peres

Preceded by Shimon Peres Leader of the Labor Party 1992–1995 Succeeded by Shimon Peres

Awards

Preceded by Colin Powell The Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Freedom Award 1994 Succeeded by King Hussein
King Hussein
I

v t e

Israeli Nobel laureates

1966: Shmuel Yosef Agnon
Shmuel Yosef Agnon
(Literature) 1978: Menachem Begin
Menachem Begin
(Peace) 1994: Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
/ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(Peace) 2002: Daniel Kahneman (Economics) 2004: Aaron Ciechanover
Aaron Ciechanover
/ Avram Hershko
Avram Hershko
(Chemistry) 2005: Robert Aumann
Robert Aumann
(Economics) 2009: Ada Yonath
Ada Yonath
(Chemistry) 2011: Dan Shechtman
Dan Shechtman
(Chemistry) 2013: Michael Levitt
Michael Levitt
/ Arieh Warshel
Arieh Warshel
(Chemistry)

Italics indicate a Nobel Memorial Prize, i.e. not one of the original Prizes bequested by Alfred Nobel.

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Peace Prize

1901–1925

1901 Henry Dunant / Frédéric Passy 1902 Élie Ducommun / Charles Gobat 1903 Randal Cremer 1904 Institut de Droit International 1905 Bertha von Suttner 1906 Theodore Roosevelt 1907 Ernesto Moneta / Louis Renault 1908 Klas Arnoldson / Fredrik Bajer 1909 A. M. F. Beernaert / Paul Estournelles de Constant 1910 International Peace Bureau 1911 Tobias Asser / Alfred Fried 1912 Elihu Root 1913 Henri La Fontaine 1914 1915 1916 1917 International Committee of the Red Cross 1918 1919 Woodrow Wilson 1920 Léon Bourgeois 1921 Hjalmar Branting / Christian Lange 1922 Fridtjof Nansen 1923 1924 1925 Austen Chamberlain / Charles Dawes

1926–1950

1926 Aristide Briand / Gustav Stresemann 1927 Ferdinand Buisson / Ludwig Quidde 1928 1929 Frank B. Kellogg 1930 Nathan Söderblom 1931 Jane Addams / Nicholas Butler 1932 1933 Norman Angell 1934 Arthur Henderson 1935 Carl von Ossietzky 1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas 1937 Robert Cecil 1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 International Committee of the Red Cross 1945 Cordell Hull 1946 Emily Balch / John Mott 1947 Friends Service Council / American Friends Service Committee 1948 1949 John Boyd Orr 1950 Ralph Bunche

1951–1975

1951 Léon Jouhaux 1952 Albert Schweitzer 1953 George Marshall 1954 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1955 1956 1957 Lester B. Pearson 1958 Georges Pire 1959 Philip Noel-Baker 1960 Albert Lutuli 1961 Dag Hammarskjöld 1962 Linus Pauling 1963 International Committee of the Red Cross / League of Red Cross Societies 1964 Martin Luther King Jr. 1965 UNICEF 1966 1967 1968 René Cassin 1969 International Labour Organization 1970 Norman Borlaug 1971 Willy Brandt 1972 1973 Lê Đức Thọ (declined award) / Henry Kissinger 1974 Seán MacBride / Eisaku Satō 1975 Andrei Sakharov

1976–2000

1976 Betty Williams / Mairead Corrigan 1977 Amnesty International 1978 Anwar Sadat / Menachem Begin 1979 Mother Teresa 1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel 1981 United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees 1982 Alva Myrdal / Alfonso García Robles 1983 Lech Wałęsa 1984 Desmond Tutu 1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 1986 Elie Wiesel 1987 Óscar Arias 1988 UN Peacekeeping Forces 1989 Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi 1992 Rigoberta Menchú 1993 Nelson Mandela / F. W. de Klerk 1994 Shimon Peres / Yitzhak Rabin / Yasser Arafat 1995 Pugwash Conferences / Joseph Rotblat 1996 Carlos Belo / José Ramos-Horta 1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines / Jody Williams 1998 John Hume / David Trimble 1999 Médecins Sans Frontières 2000 Kim Dae-jung

2001–present

2001 United Nations / Kofi Annan 2002 Jimmy Carter 2003 Shirin Ebadi 2004 Wangari Maathai 2005 International Atomic Energy Agency / Mohamed ElBaradei 2006 Grameen Bank / Muhammad Yunus 2007 Al Gore / Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2008 Martti Ahtisaari 2009 Barack Obama 2010 Liu Xiaobo 2011 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf / Leymah Gbowee / Tawakkol Karman 2012 European Union 2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons 2014 Kailash Satyarthi / Malala Yousafzai 2015 Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet 2016 Juan Manuel Santos 2017 International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

v t e

1994 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates

Chemistry

George Andrew Olah
George Andrew Olah
(United States/Hungary)

Literature

Kenzaburō Ōe
Kenzaburō Ōe
(Japan)

Peace

Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
(Palestine) Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
(Israel) Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(Israel)

Physics

Bertram Brockhouse
Bertram Brockhouse
(Canada) Clifford Glenwood Shull (United States)

Physiology or Medicine

Alfred G. Gilman
Alfred G. Gilman
(United States) Martin Rodbell
Martin Rodbell
(United States)

Economic Sciences

John Harsanyi (United States) John Forbes Nash (United States) Reinhard Selten
Reinhard Selten
(Germany)

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
recipients 1990 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

v t e

Time Persons of the Year

1927–1950

Charles Lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh
(1927) Walter Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
(1928) Owen D. Young
Owen D. Young
(1929) Mohandas Gandhi (1930) Pierre Laval
Pierre Laval
(1931) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1932) Hugh S. Johnson
Hugh S. Johnson
(1933) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1934) Haile Selassie
Haile Selassie
(1935) Wallis Simpson
Wallis Simpson
(1936) Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
/ Soong Mei-ling
Soong Mei-ling
(1937) Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
(1938) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1939) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1940) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1941) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1942) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1943) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1944) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945) James F. Byrnes
James F. Byrnes
(1946) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1947) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1948) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1949) The American Fighting-Man (1950)

1951–1975

Mohammed Mosaddeq (1951) Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(1952) Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Adenauer
(1953) John Foster Dulles
John Foster Dulles
(1954) Harlow Curtice
Harlow Curtice
(1955) Hungarian Freedom Fighters (1956) Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
(1957) Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
(1958) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1959) U.S. Scientists: George Beadle / Charles Draper / John Enders / Donald A. Glaser / Joshua Lederberg
Joshua Lederberg
/ Willard Libby
Willard Libby
/ Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
/ Edward Purcell / Isidor Rabi / Emilio Segrè
Emilio Segrè
/ William Shockley
William Shockley
/ Edward Teller / Charles Townes / James Van Allen
James Van Allen
/ Robert Woodward (1960) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(1961) Pope John XXIII
Pope John XXIII
(1962) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(1963) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1964) William Westmoreland
William Westmoreland
(1965) The Generation Twenty-Five and Under (1966) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1967) The Apollo 8
Apollo 8
Astronauts: William Anders
William Anders
/ Frank Borman
Frank Borman
/ Jim Lovell (1968) The Middle Americans (1969) Willy Brandt
Willy Brandt
(1970) Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1971) Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
/ Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1972) John Sirica
John Sirica
(1973) King Faisal (1974) American Women: Susan Brownmiller / Kathleen Byerly
Kathleen Byerly
/ Alison Cheek / Jill Conway / Betty Ford
Betty Ford
/ Ella Grasso / Carla Hills / Barbara Jordan / Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Susie Sharp / Carol Sutton / Addie Wyatt (1975)

1976–2000

Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(1976) Anwar Sadat
Anwar Sadat
(1977) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1978) Ayatollah Khomeini (1979) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1980) Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
(1981) The Computer (1982) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
/ Yuri Andropov
Yuri Andropov
(1983) Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
(1984) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1985) Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
(1986) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1987) The Endangered Earth (1988) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1989) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1990) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1991) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(1992) The Peacemakers: Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
/ F. W. de Klerk
F. W. de Klerk
/ Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
/ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1993) Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
(1994) Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich
(1995) David Ho
David Ho
(1996) Andrew Grove
Andrew Grove
(1997) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
/ Ken Starr
Ken Starr
(1998) Jeffrey P. Bezos (1999) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(2000)

2001–present

Rudolph Giuliani (2001) The Whistleblowers: Cynthia Cooper / Coleen Rowley
Coleen Rowley
/ Sherron Watkins (2002) The American Soldier (2003) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(2004) The Good Samaritans: Bono
Bono
/ Bill Gates
Bill Gates
/ Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
(2005) You (2006) Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
(2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2008) Ben Bernanke
Ben Bernanke
(2009) Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
(2010) The Protester (2011) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2012) Pope Francis
Pope Francis
(2013) Ebola Fighters: Dr. Jerry Brown / Dr. Kent Brantly
Kent Brantly
/ Ella Watson-Stryker / Foday Gollah / Salome Karwah
Salome Karwah
(2014) Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
(2015) Donald Trump
Donald Trump
(2016) The Silence Breakers (2017)

Book

Political and military posts held by Yitzhak Rabin

v t e

Heads of Southern Command

Allon (1948–49) Rabin (1949) Dayan (1949–51) Tzadok (1951–54) Peri (1954) Amit (1955–56) Simhoni (1956) Laskov (1956–58) Herzog (1958) Yoffe (1958–62) Zamir (1962–64) Gavish (1965–69) Sharon (1969–73) Gonen (1973) Bar-Lev (1973) Tal (1973–74) Adan (1974) Adam (1974–76) Shafir (1976–78) Shomron (1978–82) Erez (1982–83) Bar Kokhva (1983–86) Sagi (1986) Mordechai (1986–89) Vilnai (1989–94) Mofaz (1994–96) Yanai (1996–97) Samia (1997–2000) Almog (2000–03) Harel (2003–05) Galant (2005–2010) Russo (2010–2013) Turgeman (2013–)

v t e

GOC Northern Command

Carmel (1948–49) Avidar (1949–52) Dayan (1952) Simhoni (1952–54) Tzadok (1954–56) Rabin (1956–59) Zorea (1959–62) Yoffe (1962–64) Elazar (1964–69) Gur (1969–72) Hofi (1972–74) Gur (1974) Eitan (1974–77) Ben-Gal (1977–81) Drori (1981–83) Orr (1983–86) Peled (1986–91) Mordechai (1991–94) Levin (1994–98) Ashkenazi (1998–2002) Gantz (2002–05) Adam (2005–06) Eizenkot (2006–11) Golan (2011–14) Kochavi (2014–present) Strik (2014–present)

v t e

Deputy Chiefs of Staff of the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces

Tzvi Ayalon (1948–49) Mordechai Maklef
Mordechai Maklef
(1949–52) Haim Laskov
Haim Laskov
(1955–56) Tzvi Tzur
Tzvi Tzur
(1958) Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1961–63) Haim Bar-Lev (1967–68) Israel
Israel
Tal (1973) Yekutiel Adam (1978–82) Moshe Levi (1982–83) David Ivry
David Ivry
(1983–85) Dan Shomron
Dan Shomron
(1985–86) Amir Drori
Amir Drori
(1986–87) Ehud Barak
Ehud Barak
(1987–91) Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
(1991–94) Matan Vilnai
Matan Vilnai
(1994–97) Shaul Mofaz
Shaul Mofaz
(1997–98) Uzi Dayan
Uzi Dayan
(1998–99) Moshe Ya'alon
Moshe Ya'alon
(1999–2002) Gabi Ashkenazi
Gabi Ashkenazi
(2002–04) Dan Halutz
Dan Halutz
(2004–05) Moshe Kaplinsky
Moshe Kaplinsky
(2005–07) Dan Harel
Dan Harel
(2007–09) Benny Gantz
Benny Gantz
(2009–10) Yair Naveh
Yair Naveh
(2010–13) Gadi Eizenkot
Gadi Eizenkot
(2013–14) Yair Golan
Yair Golan
(2014–17) Aviv Kochavi
Aviv Kochavi
(2017–present)

v t e

Chiefs of Staff of the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces

Yaakov Dori
Yaakov Dori
(1947–49) Yigael Yadin
Yigael Yadin
(1949–52) Mordechai Maklef
Mordechai Maklef
(1952–53) Moshe Dayan
Moshe Dayan
(1953–58) Haim Laskov
Haim Laskov
(1958–61) Tzvi Tzur
Tzvi Tzur
(1961–64) Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1964–68) Haim Bar-Lev (1968–72) David Elazar
David Elazar
(1972–74) Mordechai Gur
Mordechai Gur
(1974–78) Rafael Eitan
Rafael Eitan
(1978–83) Moshe Levi (1983–87) Dan Shomron
Dan Shomron
(1987–91) Ehud Barak
Ehud Barak
(1991–95) Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
(1995–98) Shaul Mofaz
Shaul Mofaz
(1998–2002) Moshe Ya'alon
Moshe Ya'alon
(2002–05) Dan Halutz
Dan Halutz
(2005–07) Gabi Ashkenazi
Gabi Ashkenazi
(2007–11) Benny Gantz
Benny Gantz
(2011–15) Gadi Eizenkot
Gadi Eizenkot
(2015–present)

v t e

Prime Ministers of Israel
Israel

Ben-Gurion (1948–53) Sharett (1953–55) Ben-Gurion (1955–63) Eshkol (1963–69) Allon (acting) Meir (1969–74) Rabin (1974–77) Begin (1977–83) Shamir (1983–84) Peres (1984–86) Shamir (1986–92) Rabin (1992–95) Peres (1995–96) Netanyahu (1996–99) Barak (1999–2001) Sharon (2001–06) Olmert (2006–09) Netanyahu (2009–present)

v t e

Communications Ministers of Israel
Israel

Nurock (1952) Burg (1952–58) Barzilai (1958–59) Mintz (1960–61) Sasson (1961–67) Yeshayahu (1967–69) Rimalt (1969–70) Peres (1970–74) Uzan (1974) Rabin (1974–75) Uzan (1975–77) Begin (1977) Amit (1977–78) Moda'i (1979–80) Aridor (1981) Tzipori (1981–84) Rubinstein (1984–87) Yaacobi (1987–90) Pinhasi (1990–92) Shahal (1992–93) Aloni (1993–96) Livnat (1996–99) Ben-Eliezer (1999–2001) Rivlin (2001–03) Sharon (2003) Olmert (2003–05) Itzik (2005) Hirschson (2006) Atias (2006–2009) Kahlon (2009–13) Erdan (2013–14) Netanyahu (2014–17) Hanegbi (2017) Kara (2017–)

v t e

Defense Ministers of Israel
Israel

Ben-Gurion (1948–54) Lavon (1954–55) Ben-Gurion (1955–63) Eshkol (1963–67) Dayan (1967–74) Peres (1974–77) Weizman (1977–80) Begin (1980–81) Sharon (1981–83) Arens (1983–84) Rabin (1984–90) Shamir (1990) Arens (1990–92) Rabin (1992–95) Peres (1995–96) Mordechai (1996–99) Arens (1999) Barak (1999–2001) Ben-Eliezer (2001–02) Mofaz (2002–06) Peretz (2006–07) Barak (2007–13) Ya'alon (2013–16) Lieberman (2016–)

v t e

Education Ministers of Israel
Israel

Shazar (1949–50) Remez (1950–51) Ben-Gurion (1951) Dinur (1951–55) Aran (1955–60) Eban (1960–63) Aran (1963–69) Allon (1969–74) Yadlin (1974–77) Hammer (1977–84) Navon (1984–90) Hammer (1990–92) Aloni (1992–93) Rabin (1993) Rubinstein (1993–96) Hammer (1996–98) Levy (1998–99) Sarid (1999–2000) Barak (2000–01) Livnat (2001–06) Sheetrit (2006) Tamir (2006–09) Sa'ar (2009–13) Piron (2013–14) Bennett (2015–)

v t e

Health Ministers of Israel
Israel

Shapira (1948–51) Burg (1951–52) Sapir (1952) Serlin (1952–55) Yosef (1955) Barzilai (1955–61) Shapira (1961–66) Barzilai (1966–69) Gvati (1969–70) Shem-Tov (1970–77) Shostak (1977–84) Gur (1984–86) Arbeli-Almozlino (1986–88) Tzur (1988–90) Olmert (1990–92) Ramon (1992–94) Rabin (1994) Sneh (1994–96) Hanegbi (1996) Matza (1996–99) Benizri (1999–2000) Milo (2000–01) Dahan (2001–02) Sharon (2002) Dahan (2002–03) Naveh (2003–06) Edri (2006) Ben-Yezri (2006–09) Netanyahu (2009–13) German (2013–14) Netanyahu (2015) Litzman (2015–)

v t e

Interior Ministers of Israel
Israel

Gruenbaum (1948–49) Shapira (1949–52) Rokach (1952–55) Shapira (1955) Bar-Yehuda (1955–59) Shapira (1959–70) Meir (1970) Burg (1970–74) Hillel (1974) Burg (1974–76) Hillel (1977) Burg (1977–84) Peres (1984) Peretz (1984–87) Shamir (1987–88) Deri (1988–93) Rabin (1993) Deri (1993) Rabin (1993–95) Baram (1995) Libai (1995) Barak (1995) Ramon (1995–96) Suissa (1996–99) Sharansky (1999–2000) Ramon (2000–01) Yishai (2001–02) Sharon (2002) Yishai (2002–03) Poraz (2003–04) Pines-Paz (2005) Sharon (2004–06) Bar-On (2006–07) Sheetrit (2007–09) Yishai (2009–13) Sa'ar (2013–14) Erdan (2014–15) Shalom (2015) Netanyahu (2015–16) Deri (2016–)

v t e

Labour Ministers of Israel
Israel

Bentov (1948–49) Meir (1949–56) Namir (1956–59) Yoseftal (1959–61) Allon (1961–68) Almogi (1968–74) Rabin (1974) Baram (1974–77)

v t e

Religious Services Ministers of Israel
Israel

Maimon (1948–51) Shapira (1951–58) Toledano (1958–60) Warhaftig (1961–74) Rafael (1974) Zadok (1974) Rafael (1974–76) Zadok (1977) Abuhatzira (1977–81) Burg (1981–84) Peres (1984) Burg (1984–86) Hammer (1986–90) Shaki (1990–92) Rabin (1992–95) Sheetrit (1995–96) Netanyahu (1996) Suissa (1996–97) Netanyahu (1997) Hammer (1997–98) Netanyahu (1998) Levy (1998) Suissa (1998–99) Cohen (1999–2000) Beilin (2000–01) Ohana (2001–03) Sharon (2003) Cohen (2008–09) Margi (2009–2013) Bennett (2013–15) Azulai (2015–)

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Social Affairs and Social Services Ministers of Israel
Israel

Levin (1948–52) Shapira (1952–58) Naftali (1959) Burg (1959–70) Hasani (1970–74) Shem-Tov (1974) Hasani (1974–75) Rabin (1975) Burg (1975) Hammer (1975–76) Baram (1977) Begin (1977) Katz (1977–81) Abuhatzira (1981–82) Uzan (1982–84) Katsav (1984–88) Shamir (1988–90) Milo (1990) Shamir (1990–92) Rabin (1992) Namir (1992–96) Yishai (1996–2000) Cohen (2000–01) Benizri (2001–02) Sharon (2002) Benizri (2002–03) Orlev (2003–04) Olmert (2006–07) Herzog (2007–11) Kahlon (2011–13) Cohen (2013–14) Katz (2015–)

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Ambassadors of the State of Israel
Israel
to the United States
United States
of America

Eliahu Eilat
Eliahu Eilat
(1948–50) Abba Eban
Abba Eban
(1950–59) Avraham Harman
Avraham Harman
(1959–68) Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1968–73) Simcha Dinitz (1973–79) Ephraim Evron
Ephraim Evron
(1979–82) Moshe Arens
Moshe Arens
(1982–83) Meir Rosenne
Meir Rosenne
(1983–87) Moshe Arad (1987–90) Zalman Shoval
Zalman Shoval
(1990–93) Itamar Rabinovich
Itamar Rabinovich
(1993–96) Eliahu Ben-Elissar (1996–98) Zalman Shoval
Zalman Shoval
(1998–2000) David Ivry
David Ivry
(2000–02) Danny Ayalon
Danny Ayalon
(2002–06) Sallai Meridor (2006–09) Michael Oren
Michael Oren
(2009–13) Ron Dermer (2013–)

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Nation's Great Leaders Plot, Mount Herzl
Mount Herzl

Graves of Yitzhak and Leah Rabin

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46766256 LCCN: n80038008 ISNI: 0000 0000 7974 6227 GND: 118941119 SUDOC: 027520056 BNF: cb11920945q (data) BIBSYS: 99061685 NDL: 00515667 NKC: xx0001966 BNE: XX1092

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