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The Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
(French: Route Yellowhead) is a major interprovincial highway in Western Canada
Western Canada
that runs from Winnipeg
Winnipeg
to Graham Island off the coast of British Columbia
British Columbia
via Saskatoon
Saskatoon
and Edmonton. It stretches across the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba
Manitoba
and is part of the Trans-Canada Highway
Trans-Canada Highway
system and the larger National Highway System, but should not be confused with the more southerly, originally-designated Trans-Canada Highway. The highway was officially opened in 1970.[4] Beginning in 1990, the green and white Trans-Canada logo was used to designate the roadway.[2] The highway is named for the Yellowhead Pass, the route chosen to cross the Canadian Rockies. The pass, and the highway are named after a fur trader and explorer named Pierre Bostonais. He had yellow streaks in his hair, and was nicknamed "Tête Jaune" (Yellowhead). Almost the entire length of the highway is numbered as 16, except for the section in Manitoba
Manitoba
that is concurrent with Trans-Canada Highway 1. The highway number "16" is also the number given to a branch of the Trans-Canada in New Brunswick; Route 16. However, the numeric designation is strictly coincidental, and New Brunswick
New Brunswick
Route 16 is not part of the Yellowhead.

Contents

1 Route description

1.1 British Columbia
British Columbia
and Alberta 1.2 Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
and Manitoba

2 History 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Route description[edit]

Lengths

  km[3] mi

BC 1,170 730

AB 634 394

SK 689 428

MB 366 227

Total 2,859 1,777

British Columbia
British Columbia
and Alberta[edit]

A road crew of interned Japanese Canadian men working on constructing the highway in 1942.

Main articles: British Columbia
British Columbia
Highway 16 and Alberta
Alberta
Highway 16 In the west, the highway begins at Masset, British Columbia
British Columbia
on Haida Gwaii, heading south along Graham Island for 101 km (63 mi) to Skidegate. It then connects via a 172 km (107 mi) ferry route to Prince Rupert, then passes southeastward for 724 km (450 mi) through to Prince George, before travelling another 268 km (167 mi) eastward through to Tête Jaune Cache.[3] A spur of the Yellowhead Highway, Highway 5, also known as the Southern Yellowhead Highway, connects the main highway at Tête Jaune Cache midway between the Alberta- British Columbia
British Columbia
border and Prince George.[3] The highway continues past Kamloops before following the Coquihalla Highway
Coquihalla Highway
to Hope. Unlike Highway 16, route 5 is not branded as being part of the Trans-Canada system and retains the original Yellowhead signage (whereas Highway 16 uses the Trans-Canada Highway logo). The highway enters Alberta
Alberta
through the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
near Jasper, 100 km (62 mi) from Tête Jaune Cache, passes through Edmonton
Edmonton
366 km (227 mi) further east, and travels another 250 km (160 mi) before entering Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
at Lloydminster.[3] The highest point on the highway, at 1,163.9 m (3,819 ft), is Obed Summit near Obed, Alberta.[5] Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
and Manitoba[edit] Main articles: Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Highway 16 and Manitoba
Manitoba
Highway 16 The highway travels southeast for 282 km (175 mi) to Saskatoon, passing through North Battleford about halfway in between. From Saskatoon, the Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
continues its southeastern journey through the province for 329 km (204 mi) to Yorkton. The highway continues for another 90 km (56 mi) from Yorkton and enters Manitoba
Manitoba
16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Russell.[3] Within Manitoba, the highway travels 273 km (170 mi) before meeting the main Trans-Canada Highway
Trans-Canada Highway
near Portage la Prairie, Manitoba, where it ends its Highway 16 designation. It then overlaps the TCH into Winnipeg
Winnipeg
as an unnumbered highway. Officially, the eastern end of the Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
is at the corner of Portage Avenue and Main Street in Winnipeg. The total length of the Yellowhead Highway, including ferries, is 2,960 km (1,840 mi).[3] History[edit] The main Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
has been designated as Highway 16 for its entire length since 1977. Prior to this, only the Alberta
Alberta
and British Columbia
British Columbia
portions of the highway were designated with this number. The Manitoba
Manitoba
portion from the Trans-Canada Highway
Trans-Canada Highway
10 km (6.2 mi) west of Portage la Prairie
Portage la Prairie
to the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
border was designated as PTH 4 (redesignated PTH 16 in 1977), while the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
portion (which was redesignated as Highway 16 in 1976) had two numbers designated. From the Manitoba
Manitoba
border to Saskatoon, the highway was designated as Highway 14 while the portion from Saskatoon
Saskatoon
to Lloydminster
Lloydminster
and the Alberta
Alberta
border was designated as Highway 5. Prior to the opening of the Yellowhead Highway, Highways 5 and 14 both ran the width of Saskatchewan; the respective eastern and western portions of these highways retain their original designations. Prior to the highway retaining the number 16 designation, a very small section of the highway along Idylwyld Drive in Saskatoon
Saskatoon
was not designated with a number, as Highway 14 redirected on to 22 Street and Highway 5 would redirect on to Idylwyld Drive from 23 Street. Currently, the Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
remains unnumbered between Winnipeg
Winnipeg
and PTH 16, although it shares the roadway with PTH 1.[3]

Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
sign

The Highway 5 in British Columbia
British Columbia
used to be designated as part of the Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
only between Tête Jaune Cache and Kamloops, with Highway 5 south of Kamloops being signed with the standard BC highway shield.[6] In the 2000s, route markers along the Coquihalla Highway were changed to reflect Yellowhead Highway 5.

See also[edit]

Trans-Canada Highway Numbered highways in Canada Highway of Tears murders

References[edit]

^ "The Trans-Canada Highway: Backgrounder". Transport Canada. January 4, 2012. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017.  ^ a b See the following official road maps:

Infrastructure and Transportation. The Province of Manitoba
Manitoba
Official Highway Map (Map) (1989-1990 ed.). Province of Manitoba.  Infrastructure and Transportation. The Province of Manitoba
Manitoba
Official Highway Map (Map) (1990-1991 ed.). Province of Manitoba.  Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Highways and Transportation. Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Official Highway Map (Map) (1989 ed.). Province of Saskatchewan.  Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Highways and Transportation. Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Official Highway Map (Map) (1990 ed.). Province of Saskatchewan.  Alberta
Alberta
Tourism. Alberta
Alberta
Official Road Map (Map) (1989 ed.). Province of Alberta.  Alberta
Alberta
Tourism. Alberta
Alberta
Official Road Map (Map) (1990 ed.). Province of Alberta. 

^ a b c d e f g h Google
Google
(January 4, 2017). " Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
in Canada" (Map). Google
Google
Maps. Google. Retrieved January 4, 2017.  ^ Jasper National Park - History - The Yellowhead Highway ^ Road sign at Obed Summit at 53°31′44″N 117°16′16″W / 53.52897°N 117.27124°W / 53.52897; -117.27124 (Obed Summit) ^ Tourism British Columbia. Super, Natural British Columbia
British Columbia
Road Map & Parks Guide (Map) (1997 ed.). Davenport Maps Ltd. §§ L-9, M-9. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yellowhead Highway.

Route map: Google

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google
Google
Maps

Template:Attached KML/Yellowhead Highway KML is from Wikidata

Trans-Canada Yellowhead Highway
Yellowhead Highway
Association www.milepost.com

v t e

Portions of the Trans-Canada Highway

British Columbia

Highway 1 Highway 5 Highway 16

Alberta

Highway 1 Highway 16

Saskatchewan

Highway 1 Highway 16

Manitoba

Highway 1 Highway 16 Highway 100

Ontario

Highway 17 Highway 69 Highway 400 Highway 12 Highway 7 Highway 71 Highway 11 Highway 66 Highway 417

Quebec

Autoroute 40 Autoroute 25 Autoroute 20 Autoroute 85 Route 185 Route 117 Autoroute 15

New Brunswick

Route 2 Route 16

Confederation Bridge

Prince Edward Island

Route 1

Nova Scotia

Highway 104 Highway 105 Highway 106

Newfoundland

Route 1

Category P

.