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The Info List - Yazid Ibn Abi Sufyan


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YAZID IBN ABU SUFYAN (Arabic : يزيد بن أبي سفيان‎, translit. Yazīd bin Abī Sufyān‎) was one of the companions (ṣaḥābah ) of Muhammad
Muhammad
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography

* 1.1 Campaign into Syria

* 2 See also * 3 References

BIOGRAPHY

Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan was the son of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
and Zaynab bint Nawfal, hence a paternal brother of Muawiya I
Muawiya I
.

CAMPAIGN INTO SYRIA

Yazid was one of four Muslim generals who were sent by Caliph Abu Bakr to invade Roman Syria in 634 CE. He became governor of Damascus after the Conquest of Damascus
Damascus
in 634 CE. He commanded Muslim army 's left wing at the Battle of Yarmouk . After the death of Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah in 639 CE from plague, Mu\'adh ibn Jabal was made governor of Syria and after his death from the plague Yazid was made governor by Caliph Umar
Umar
, but he too died in a plague in 640 CE.

According to al-Waqidi , the first Muslim historian on the events, Yazid was the first commander with 1000 horsemen sent to Syria and Palestine by Abu Bakr . Rabi‘ah bin Amir of the Amir tribe was sent along with another 1000 horsemen and was placed under Yazid's command. In the meantime, Christian Arabs living in Medina gave intelligence to the Roman emperor, Heraclius , about the impending invasion. Heraclius sent a force of 8000 cavalry units, commanded by Batlic; Sergius, his brother; Luke, son of Samuel and chief of police; and Salya, governor of Gaza and Ashkelon
Ashkelon
.

As soon as Yazid reached the desert on the outskirts of Medina, their Arab race horses picked up speed. Rabi‘ah bin Amir asked: "Why are you doing this?", Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan replied: "More bands will be sent after me". Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan then crossed into the Negev
Negev
near Gaza. Sergius was sent by the Romans to show them the brute facts of Roman might.

Yazid ordered Rabi‘ah bin Amir to hide in an ambush with 1000 horsemen while he himself led 1000 horsemen to face the Romans and draw them into rows. When the Romans arrived, on seeing Yazid's small force they thought this to be the entire Arab fo