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Yazid bin Abd al-Malik or Yazid II
Yazid II
(687 – 26 January 724) (Arabic: يزيد بن عبد الملك‎) was an Umayyad
Umayyad
Caliph
Caliph
who ruled from 720 until his death in 724.

Contents

1 Life 2 Death 3 References 4 Sources

Life[edit] Yazid married a daughter of Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Thaqafi, the brother of the longtime governor of Iraq, al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf al-Thaqafi. Together they had a son, the future al-Walid II.[1] According to the medieval Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, Yazid came to power on the death of Umar II
Umar II
on February 10, 720.[2] His forces engaged in battle the Kharijites
Kharijites
with whom Umar had been negotiating. After initial setbacks, Yazid's troops prevailed and the Kharijite leader Shawdhab was killed. Yazid ibn al-Muhallab had escaped confinement on the death of Umar. He made his way to Iraq. There he was much supported. He refused to acknowledge Yazid II
Yazid II
as caliph and led a very serious uprising. Initially successful, he was defeated and killed by the forces of Maslamah ibn Abd al-Malik. Numerous civil wars began to break out in different parts of the empire such as in the Al Andalus
Al Andalus
(the Iberian Peninsula), North Africa and in the east. In A.H. 102 (720-721) in Ifriqiyah, the harsh governor Yazid ibn Muslim was overthrown and Muhammad ibn Yazid, the former governor, restored to power. The caliph accepted this and confirmed Muhammad ibn Yazid as governor of Ifriqiyah. Al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah, Yazid's governor in Armenia and Adharbayjan, pushed into the Caucasus, taking Balanjar
Balanjar
in A.H. 104 (722-723). That same year Yazid's governor in Medina, Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Dahhak, incurred the caliph's displeasure because the governor was exerting undue pressure trying to force a woman to marry him. She appealed to Yazid who replaced Abd al-Rahman with Abd al-Walid ibn Abdallah.[3] The Byzantine chronicler Theophanes the Confessor[4] states that a wizard advised Yazid that he would reign for forty years, if he opposed Christian icons. Yazid did so, but died the same year he issued his iconoclastic decree. Anti- Umayyad
Umayyad
groups began to gain power among the disaffected. Al-Tabari records that Abbasids
Abbasids
were promoting their cause in A.H. 102 (720-721). They were already building a power base that they would later use to topple the Umayyads in CE 750. An anecdote told of Yazid is that his wife Sudah learning he was pining for an expensive slave girl, purchased this slave girl and presented her to Yazid as a gift. This woman's name was Hababah and she predeceased Yazid (at Tabari v. 24, p. 196). It is said that, while feasting with Hababah, Yazid threw a grape into her mouth, on which she choked and died in his arms. Yazid died the next week.[5] Death[edit] Yazid II
Yazid II
died in 724. He was succeeded by his brother Hisham. References[edit]

^ Powers 1989, pp. 89–90. ^ Powers 1989, p. 91. ^ Powers 1989, pp. 180ff.. ^ p. 93 ^ Durant, Will (1950). The Age of Faith. The Story of Civilization. 4. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 195. 

Sources[edit]

Powers, David Stephan, ed. (1989). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Volume XXIV: The Empire in Transition: The Caliphates of Sulayman, ʿUmar, and Yazid, A.D. 715–724/A.H. 96–105. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-0072-7.  Theophanes the Confessor, The Chronicle of Theophanes, transl. Harry Turtledove, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1982

Yazid II Umayyad
Umayyad
Dynasty Born: 687 Died: 26 January 724

Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
titles

Preceded by Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz Caliph
Caliph
of Islam Umayyad
Umayyad
Caliph 10 February 720 – 26 January 724 Succeeded by Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik

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Umayyad
Umayyad
Caliphs

Family tree Media

Caliphs of Damascus (661–750)

Muawiyah I Yazid I Muawiya II Marwan I Abd al-Malik Al-Walid I Sulayman Umar II Yazid II Hisham Al-Walid II Yazid III Ibrahim Marwan II

Emirs of Córdoba (756–929)

Abd al-Rahman I Hisham I Al-Hakam I Abd ar-Rahman II Muhammad I Al-Mundhir Abdullah Abd-ar-Rahman III

Caliphs of Córdoba (929–1031)

Abd-ar-Rahman III Al-Hakam II Hisham II Muhammad II Sulayman Hisham II Sulayman Abd ar-Rahman IV Ali ibn Hammud al-Nasir[H] Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
ibn Hammud[H] Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu'tali[H] Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
Al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
ibn Hammud[H] Abd ar-Rahman V Muhammad III Yahya ibn Ali al-Mu'tali[H] Hisham III

[H] indicates

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