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Yantai, formerly known as Zhifu or Chefoo, is a prefecture-level city on the Bohai Strait
Bohai Strait
in northeastern Shandong
Shandong
Province, China. Lying on the southern coast of the Korea Bay, Yantai
Yantai
borders Qingdao
Qingdao
on the southwest and Weihai
Weihai
on the east. It is the largest fishing seaport in Shandong. Its population was 6,968,202 during the 2010 census, of whom 2,227,733 lived in the built-up area made up of the 4 urban districts of Zhifu, Muping, Fushan, and Laishan.

Contents

1 Names 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Administration 5 Economy

5.1 Industrial Zones

6 Education 7 Transport 8 Tourism 9 Twin cities of Yantai 10 Notable people 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

Names[edit] The name Yantai
Yantai
(lit. " Smoke
Smoke
Tower") derives from the watchtowers constructed on Mount Qi in 1398 under the reign of the Hongwu Emperor of the Ming dynasty. The towers were used to light signal fires and send smoke signals, called langyan from their supposed use of wolf dung for fuel. At the time, the area was troubled by the "Dwarf Pirates" (Wokou), initially raiders from the warring states in Japan but later principally disaffected Chinese. It was also formerly romanized as Yen-tai.[1] The major district of Yantai
Yantai
is Zhifu, which used to be the largest independent city in the area. It was variously romanized as Chefoo,[2] Che-foo,[1] Chi-fu,[3] and Chih-fou. Although this name was used for the city by foreigners prior to the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War, the locals referred to the settlement as Yantai throughout.[1][3] History[edit]

Moon Bay in Yantai

During the Xia and Shang dynasties, the region was inhabited by indigenous peoples vaguely known to the Chinese as the "Eastern Barbarians" (Dongyi). Under the Zhou, they were colonized and sinicized as the state of Lai. Lai was annexed by Qi in 567 BC. Under the First Emperor (Shi Huangdi), the area was administered as the Qi Commandery. Under the Han, this was renamed as the Donglai Commandery (東萊郡). Following the Three Kingdoms Period, the area was organized by the Jin as the Donglai Kingdom or Principality, later returning to prefecture status as a jùn and then zhōu. Under the Tang and during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, it was known as Deng Prefecture and organized with the Henan
Henan
Circuit. It was then organized as the Laizhou
Laizhou
(萊州府) and then, under the Qing, Dengzhou
Dengzhou
Commandery (登州府). Up to the 19th century, however, the Zhifu area consisted of nothing but small unwalled fishing villages of little importance.[1] Under the Ming, these were first troubled by the "Dwarf Pirates" and then by the overreacting "Sea Ban", which required coastal Chinese to give up trading and most fishing and relocate inland upon pain of death. Following the Second Opium War, the Qing Empire
Qing Empire
was obliged to open more treaty ports by the unequal 1858 Treaty of Tianjin, including Tengchow (now Penglai). Its port being found inadequate, Zhifu—about 30 miles (48 km) away—was selected to act as the seat of the area's foreign commerce.[1] The mooring was at considerable distance from shore, necessitating more time and expense in loading and unloading, but the harbor was deep and expansive and business grew rapidly.[1] The harbor opened in May 1861, with its status as an international port affirmed on 22 August. The official decree was accompanied by the construction of the Donghai Pass (東海關).[4] It quickly became the residence of a circuit intendant ("taotai"), customs house, and a considerable foreign settlement located between the old native town and the harbor.[1] Britain and sixteen other nations established consulates in the town.[4] The town was initially expanded with well-laid streets and well-built stone houses, even for the poorer classes, a Catholic and a Protestant church were erected, and a large hotel did business with foreigners who employed the town as a summer resort.[1] The principal traders were the British and Americans, followed by the Germans and Thais.[a] In the 1870s, the principal imports were woolen and cotton goods, iron, and opium and the principal exports were tofu, soybean oil, peas, coarse vermicelli, vegetables, and dried fruit from Zhifu itself, raw silk and straw braid from Laizhou, and walnuts from Qingzhou. The town also traded Chinese liquors and sundries for the edible seaweed grown in the shallows of the Russian settlements around Port Arthur (now Dalian's Lüshunkou District).[1] In 1875, the murder of the British diplomat Augustus Margary in Tengchong, Yunnan, led to a diplomatic crisis that was resolved in Zhifu by Thomas Wade and Li Hongzhang the next year.[5] The resultant Chefoo Convention gave British subjects extraterritoriality throughout China
China
and exempted the foreign merchants' enclaves from the likin tax on internal commerce. Its healthy situation and good anchorage made it a favorite coaling station for foreign fleets, giving it some importance in the conflicts over Korea, Port Arthur, and Weihaiwei.[5] Along with much of the rest of Shandong, Yantai
Yantai
was controlled by the Germans for about 20 years.[6] In the run-up to the First World War, its trade continued to grow[b] but was limited by the poor roads of the area's hinterland and the necessity of using pack animals for portage.[5] The trade items remained largely the same as before.[5] After the Germans were defeated by Allied forces in World War I, Qingdao
Qingdao
and Yantai
Yantai
were handed over to the Japanese, who turned Yantai into a summer station for their Asian fleet. They also set up a trading establishment in the town.[7] The different foreign influences that shaped this city are explored at the Yantai
Yantai
Museum, which used to be a guild hall. However, the city's colourful history has not left a distinctive architectural mark, there has never been a foreign concession, and though there are a few grand 19th-century European buildings, most of the town is of much more recent origin.[8] After 1949, the town's name was changed from Chefoo to Yantai, and it was opened to the world as an ice-free trade port in 1984.[9] On 12 November 1911, the eastern division of Tongmeng Hui
Tongmeng Hui
declared itself a part of the revolutionary movement. The next day, it established the Shandong
Shandong
Military Government (山東軍政府) and, the day after that, renamed itself the Yantai
Yantai
Division of the Shandong Military Government (山東煙台軍政分府). In 1914, Jiaodong Circuit (膠東道) was established with Yantai
Yantai
as the capital. Jiaodong Circuit was renamed Donghai Circuit (東海道) in 1925. On 19 January 1938, Yantai
Yantai
participated as part of an anti-Japanese revolutionary committee. After the creation of the People's Republic of China, Yantai
Yantai
was officially awarded city status with the outlying towns of Laiyang and Wendeng tacked on as " Special
Special
Regions" (专区) in 1950. Wendeng was merged into Laiyang six years later, and this larger Laiyang Special Region was combined with Yantai
Yantai
City to become Yantai
Yantai
Prefecture (烟台地区). Yantai
Yantai
is of strategic importance to China's defense, as it and Dalian, directly across the Bohai Sea
Bohai Sea
from it, are primary coastal guard points for Beijing. In November 1983, the prefecture became a prefecture-level city.[10] Geography[edit] Yantai
Yantai
is located along the north coast of the Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula, south of the junction of Bohai Sea
Bohai Sea
and Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
and parallel to the southern coast of Liaoning. The topographical breakdown consists of:

36.62% mountainous 39.7% hilly 50.23% plain 2.90% basin

About 2,643.60 km2 (1,020.70 sq mi) is urbanized. Only Qixia City is located entirely inland. All other county-level entities are coastal, with Changdao consisting entirely of islands. The total coastline of the prefecture is 909 kilometers (565 mi). The summits in the hill country vary from 100–300 meters (330–980 ft); the average peak in the mountainous region is 500 meters (1,600 ft), and the highest point of elevation is the summit of Mount Kunyu
Mount Kunyu
(昆崳山) at 922.8 meters (3,028 ft). There are 121 rivers over 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) in length, the largest being:

Wulong River (五龙河) Dagu River (大沽河) Dagujia River (大沽夹河) Wang River (王河) Jie River (界河) Huangshui River (黄水河) Xin'an River (辛安河)

The core of the old town of Zhifu was located above the mouth of the Yi (沂河, Yí Hé).[1] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Yantai
Yantai
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14.6 (58.3) 19.8 (67.6) 25.0 (77) 31.9 (89.4) 35.3 (95.5) 38.0 (100.4) 36.9 (98.4) 36.2 (97.2) 32.4 (90.3) 30.4 (86.7) 25.1 (77.2) 18.8 (65.8) 38 (100.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) −1.2 (29.8) −0.3 (31.5) 4.8 (40.6) 12.0 (53.6) 17.8 (64) 22.0 (71.6) 24.8 (76.6) 24.8 (76.6) 21.1 (70) 15.7 (60.3) 8.4 (47.1) 1.8 (35.2) 12.64 (54.74)

Record low °C (°F) −12.8 (9) −12.6 (9.3) −8.1 (17.4) −2.6 (27.3) 6.6 (43.9) 11.5 (52.7) 14.7 (58.5) 15.0 (59) 10.7 (51.3) 0.8 (33.4) −4.9 (23.2) −10.8 (12.6) −12.8 (9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.5 (0.453) 9.7 (0.382) 16.5 (0.65) 35.7 (1.406) 49.9 (1.965) 70.0 (2.756) 150.0 (5.906) 161.6 (6.362) 83.7 (3.295) 39.0 (1.535) 25.1 (0.988) 19.8 (0.78) 672.5 (26.478)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.4 5.0 4.7 6.2 6.2 8.5 11.7 10.3 7.1 6.2 6.2 7.5 86.0

Source: Weather China[11]

Administration[edit] The prefecture-level city of Yantai
Yantai
administers 12 county-level divisions, including four districts, seven county-level cities, one county, and one development zone.

Zhifu District Fushan District Muping District Laishan District Laiyang City Laizhou
Laizhou
City Penglai City Zhaoyuan City Qixia City Haiyang
Haiyang
City Changdao County Yantai
Yantai
Economic and Technological Development Zone Yantai
Yantai
Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone

These are further divided into 148 township-level divisions, including 94 towns, six townships, and 48 subdistricts.

Map

Zhifu Fushan Muping Laishan Changdao County Longkou (city) Laiyang (city) Laizhou (city) Penglai (city) Zhaoyuan (city) Qixia (city) Haiyang (city)

Economy[edit] Yantai
Yantai
is currently the second largest industrial city in Shandong, next to Qingdao. However, the region's largest industry is agriculture. It is famous throughout China
China
for a particular variety of apple and Laiyang pear, and is home to the country's largest and oldest grape winery, Changyu.[12]

Modern day Chateau Changyu, Yantai, Shandong

The county-level city of Longkou
Longkou
is well known throughout China
China
for its production of cellophane noodles.[citation needed] Industrial Zones[edit]

Yantai
Yantai
Economic and Technological Development Area

Yantai
Yantai
Economic and Technological Development Area is one of the earliest approved state-level economic development zones in China. It now has a planned area of 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi) and a population of 115,000. It lies on the tip of the Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula facing the Yellow Sea. It adjoins downtown Yantai, merely 6 kilometers away from Yantai
Yantai
Port, 6 kilometers away from Yantai
Yantai
Railway Station, and a 30-minute drive to Yantai
Yantai
International Airport.[13]

Yantai
Yantai
Export Processing Zone

Yantai
Yantai
Export Processing Zone (YTEPZ) is one of the first 15 export processing zones approved by the State Council. The total construction area of YTEPZ is 4.17 km2 (1.61 sq mi), in which the initial zone covers 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). After developing for several years, YTEPZ is completely constructed. At present, the infrastructure has been completed, with standard workshops of 120,000 m2 (1,300,000 sq ft) and bonded warehouses of 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft). Up to now, owing to an excellent investment environment, YTEPZ has attracted investors from foreign countries and regions such as Japan, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Sweden, the United States, Canada, etc., as well as domestic investors, to operate in the zone.[14] Education[edit] The following is a list of prominent Yantai
Yantai
higher education institutions.

Yantai
Yantai
University Ludong University Shandong
Shandong
Institute of Business and Technology

It houses a Korean international school, Korean School in Yantai. Chefoo School
Chefoo School
previously educated foreign children. Transport[edit] Yantai Penglai International Airport
Yantai Penglai International Airport
provides scheduled flights to major airports in China
China
as well as Seoul, Osaka, and Hong Kong.[15] Tourism[edit]

Yantai
Yantai
Ship Mast

Temple of the Sea Goddess

Penglai City's Dan Cliffs (丹崖) is said to be the departure point of the Eight Immortals
Eight Immortals
on their trip to the Conference of the Magical Peach.[citation needed] Twin cities of Yantai[edit]

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in China[citation needed]

Country City

United States San Diego

Japan Beppu

New Zealand Tauranga

Japan Miyako

Russia Vladivostok

South Korea Gunsan

Thailand Phuket

United Kingdom Angus

South Korea Wonju

South Korea Ulsan

Sweden Örebro

Bulgaria Burgas

France Quimper

France Angers

South Korea Incheon

Hungary Szombathely

South Korea Ansan

United States Omaha

Australia Mackay Isaac Whitsunday

Spain Alcala De Henares

Notable people[edit]

Chou Wen-chung (b. 1923), composer Qiu Chuji
Qiu Chuji
(1148–1227), leading Quanzhen Taoist
Taoist
priest and founder of Dragon Gate Taoism Qi Jiguang
Qi Jiguang
(1528–1588), Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
military general most remembered for defending coastal China
China
against Japanese pirates Peter Stursberg (1913-2014), Canadian writer and journalist Fan Bingbing
Fan Bingbing
(b. 1981), actress Guanqun Yu (b. 1982), Opera singer

See also[edit]

China
China
portal

Chefoo School

Notes[edit]

^ In 1872, 233 British vessels entered the port with 97,239 tons of cargo valued at £144,887 and 348 ships of all other nationalities entered with 149,197 tons of cargo valued at £177,168.[1] ^ Total imports and exports were valued at £2,724,000 in 1880, £4,228,000 in 1899, and £4,909,908 in 1904. The 905 vessels in 1895 had a total tonnage of 835,248; the 1842 in 1905 held 1,492,514 tons.[5]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k EB (1878). ^ Postal Map Romanization. ^ a b EB (1911), p. 132. ^ a b "烟台概览:烟台名称源于烟台山", 腾讯新闻, 19 June 2008 . (in Chinese) ^ a b c d e EB (1911), p. 133. ^ Zhou, Yingjie (24 July 2006), "开放,三次保全了近代烟台(下)", Sina Finance . (in Chinese) ^ Jin, Long (24 July 2006). "东炮台现日军侵占烟台罪证 大理石上留印记(图)". Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ Wang, Xin (24 July 2006). "郭显德:把西方文化传播到烟台". Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ Liu, Xinguo (24 July 2006). "中国首批沿海开放城市之一—烟台(图)". Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ "优越的地理环境及人文历史造成就旅游圣地烟台". 24 July 2006. Retrieved 19 November 2012.  ^ [1] ^ Will Lyons (5 April 2013). "Indulge in China's Latest Export". Wall Street Journal.  ^ RightSite.asia Yantai
Yantai
Economic and Technological Development Area ^ RightSite.asia Yantai
Yantai
Export Processing Zone ^ Yantai
Yantai
Chaoshui International Airport project

References[edit]

 Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Che-foo", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 455 .  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Chi-fu", Encyclopædia Britannica, 6 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 132–3 .

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yantai.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yantai.

Government website of Yantai
Yantai
(available in Chinese, English, German, French, Japanese and Korean) Old photos of Yantai
Yantai
(Chefoo) 1912 historical map of Yantai

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Yantai

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Yantai
Yantai
Economic and Technological Development Zone Yantai
Yantai
Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone

Education

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Chefoo School
(closed)

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Yantai
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Yantai
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Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

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Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Economic Development Zones of China

Special
Special
Economic Zones

Shenzhen Zhuhai Shantou Xiamen Kashgar Hainan
Hainan
Province

New open development zones

Dalian Qingdao Qinhuangdao Lianyungang Pudong Yantai Zhanjiang Ningbo Wenzhou Nantong Fuzhou Guangzhou Beihai Shuyang

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 261549

.