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The Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta or YRD is a triangle-shaped metropolitan region generally comprising Wu-speaking area, Shanghai, southern Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province and northern Zhejiang
Zhejiang
province of China. The area lies in the heart of the Jiangnan
Jiangnan
region (literally, "south of the River"), where Yangtze River
Yangtze River
drains into the East China
China
Sea. The urban build-up in the area has given rise to what may be the largest concentration of adjacent metropolitan areas in the world. It covers an area of 99,600 square kilometres (38,500 sq mi) and is home to over 115 million people as of 2013, of which an estimated 83 million is urban. If based on the greater Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta zone, it has over 140 million people in this region. Having a fertile soil, the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta abundantly produces grain, cotton, hemp and tea.[1]

Contents

1 Early history 2 Population 3 The greater Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta metropolitan region

3.1 Metropolitan areas 3.2 Cities

4 Transportation

4.1 Main bridges 4.2 Sea 4.3 Air 4.4 Road 4.5 Rail

4.5.1 High-speed Rail

4.6 Urban Rapid Transit

4.6.1 Metro 4.6.2 Light Rail 4.6.3 Bus Rapid Transit

5 Climate 6 Fishing and agriculture 7 References 8 External links

Early history[edit] Since the fourth century, when the national capital was moved to Jiankang
Jiankang
(present-day Nanjing) at the start of the Eastern Jin dynasty (AD 317–420), the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta has been a major cultural, economic, and political centre of China. Hangzhou
Hangzhou
served as the Chinese capital during the Southern Song dynasty
Southern Song dynasty
(1127–1279), and Nanjing
Nanjing
was the early capital of the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
(1368–1644) before the Yongle Emperor
Yongle Emperor
moved the capital to Beijing
Beijing
in 1421. Other key cities of the region in pre-modern times include Suzhou
Suzhou
and Shaoxing. The ancient Suzhou
Suzhou
was the capital of the Wu state (12th century BC–473 BC), and the ancient Shaoxing
Shaoxing
was the capital of the Yue state (20th century BC?–222 BC). Nanjing
Nanjing
first served as a capital in the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
period as the capital of Eastern Wu
Eastern Wu
(AD 229–280). In these periods, there were several concomitant states or empires in China
China
and each one had its own capital. Population[edit] The delta is one of the most densely populated regions on earth, and includes one of the world's largest cities on its banks — Shanghai, with a density of 2,700 inhabitants per square kilometre (7,000/sq mi). Because of the large population of the delta, and factories, farms, and other cities upriver, the World Wide Fund for Nature says the Yangtze Delta
Yangtze Delta
is the biggest cause of marine pollution in the Pacific Ocean. Most of the people in this region speak Wu Chinese
Wu Chinese
(sometimes called Shanghainese, although Shanghainese
Shanghainese
is actually one of the dialects within the Wu group of Chinese) as their mother tongue, in addition to Mandarin. Wu is mutually unintelligible with other varieties of Chinese, including Mandarin. The area of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta incorporates more than twenty relatively developed cities in three provinces. The term can be generally used to refer to the entire region extending as far north as Lianyungang, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
and as far south as Wenzhou, Zhejiang. The region includes some of the fastest-growing economies in China
China
in recent years, and as of 2004 has occupied over 21% of China's total gross GDP.[2] The greater Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta metropolitan region[edit] Since the ninth century, the Yangtze Delta
Yangtze Delta
has been the most populous area in China, East Asia, and one of the most densely populated areas of the world. During the mid to late period of the Tang dynasty (618-907), the region emerged as an economic centre, and the Yangtze River Delta became the most important agricultural, handicraft industrial and economic centre for the late Tang dynasty. In the Song dynasty, especially during the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279), with its capital situated in Lin'an (present-day Hangzhou), Lin'an became the biggest city in East Asia
East Asia
with a population more than 1.5 million, and the economic status of the Yangtze Delta
Yangtze Delta
became more enhanced. Ningbo
Ningbo
became one of the two biggest seaports in East Asia
East Asia
along with Quanzhou
Quanzhou
(in Fujian province). During the mid-late Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
(1368–1644), the first capitalism bud of the East Asia
East Asia
was born and developed in this area, although it was disrupted by the Manchu invasion and controlled strictly and carefully by the Confucian central government in Beijing, it continued its development slowly throughout the rest of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the delta became a large economic centre for the country, and also played the most important role in agriculture and handicraft industry. During the Qianlong era (1735-1796) of the Qing dynasty, Shanghai began developing rapidly and became the largest port in the Far East. From late 19th century to early 20th century, Shanghai
Shanghai
was the biggest commercial centre in the Far East. The Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta became the first industrialized area in China. After the Chinese economic reform
Chinese economic reform
program, which began in 1978, Shanghai
Shanghai
again became the most important economic centre in mainland China, and is emerging to become one of Asia's centres for commerce. In modern times, the Yangtze Delta
Yangtze Delta
metropolitan region is centred at Shanghai, and also flanked by the major metropolitan areas of Hangzhou, Suzhou, Ningbo, and Nanjing, home to nearly 105 million people (of which an estimated 80 million are urban residents). It is the centre of Chinese economic development, and surpasses other concentrations of metropolitan areas (including the Pearl River delta) in China
China
in terms of economic growth, productivity and per capita income. Metropolitan areas[edit]

Metropolitan area Chinese Cities Population

Shanghai
Shanghai
Metropolitan Area 上海城市圈 Shànghǎi Chéngshì Quān Shanghai 34,000,000[3]

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Yangtze Metropolitan Belt 江苏沿江城市带 Jiāngsū Yánjiāng Chéngshì Dài Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Nantong

Changzhou
Changzhou
metropolitan area

Changzhou 12,400,000[3]

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Greater Bay Area 浙江杭州大湾区 Zhèjiāng Hángzhōu Wān Dàwān Qū Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Jiaxing, Zhoushan

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
metropolitan area 杭州都市圈 Hángzhōu dūshì quān Hangzhou, Shaoxing, Jiaxing, Huzhou[4][5] 13,400,000[3]

Cities[edit]

Shanghai Jiaxing Huzhou Hangzhou Shaoxing Ningbo Zhoushan Suzhou Wuxi Changzhou Zhenjiang Nanjing Nantong Jinhua Taizhou Quzhou Yangzhou Taizhou Yancheng Huai'an Ma'anshan Hefei

In 1982, the Chinese government set up the Shanghai
Shanghai
Economic Area. Besides Shanghai, four cities in Jiangsu
Jiangsu
(Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, Nantong) and five cities in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
(Hangzhou, Jiaxing, Shaoxing, Huzhou, Ningbo) were included. In 1992, a 14-city cooperative joint meeting was launched. Besides the previous 10 cities, the members included Nanjing, Zhenjiang
Zhenjiang
and Yangzhou
Yangzhou
in Jiangsu, and Zhoushan
Zhoushan
in Zhejiang. In 1997, the regular joint meeting resulted in the establishment of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Economic Coordination Association, which included a new member Taizhou in Jiangsu
Jiangsu
in that year. In 2003, Taizhou in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
also joined the association. In 2010, the association accepted six new members after a six-year observation and review, including Yancheng
Yancheng
and Huai'an
Huai'an
in Jiangsu, Jinhua
Jinhua
and Quzhou
Quzhou
in Zhejiang, and Ma'anshan
Ma'anshan
and Hefei
Hefei
in Anhui. The total number of cities in the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Economic Coordination Association is now 22.[6] Some other cities that have been in consideration and in review include Wenzhou
Wenzhou
and Lishui
Lishui
in Zhejiang, Lianyungang
Lianyungang
and Xuzhou
Xuzhou
in Jiangsu, and Chuzhou, Wuhu, Tongling, Huainan
Huainan
and Xuancheng
Xuancheng
in Anhui.

Urban cores: Shanghai
Shanghai
(a municipality of China), Nanjing
Nanjing
(the capital of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province), Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(the capital of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province), Suzhou, Ningbo, Wuxi. Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province: Nanjing, Suzhou
Suzhou
(including county-level urban centres of Changshu, Taicang, Kunshan, Wujiang and Zhangjiagang), Wuxi (including county-level urban centres of Jiangyin
Jiangyin
and Yixing), Nantong (including county-level urban centres of Rugao, Haimen, and Qidong), Changzhou
Changzhou
(including county-level urban centres of Jintan
Jintan
and Liyang), Yangzhou
Yangzhou
(including urban centre of Yizheng), Yancheng
Yancheng
(including county-level urban centres of Dafeng
Dafeng
and Dongtai), Taizhou (including county-level urban centres of Jiangyan, Jingjiang, Taixing
Taixing
and Xinghua), Zhenjiang
Zhenjiang
(including county-level urban centres of Danyang, Jurong and Yangzhong), Huai'an. Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province: Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(including county-level urban centres of Lin'an, Fuyang, Tonglu, Jiande
Jiande
and Chun'an), Ningbo
Ningbo
(including county-level urban centre of Cixi, Fenghua
Fenghua
and Yuyao), Shaoxing (including county-level urban centres of Shangyu, Shengzhou and Zhuji), Jinhua
Jinhua
(including urban centres of Dongyang, Lanxi, Yongkang and Yiwu), Jiaxing
Jiaxing
(including county-level urban centres of Haining, Pinghu
Pinghu
and Tongxiang), Taizhou (including urban centre of Linhai), Huzhou, Zhoushan, Quzhou
Quzhou
(including urban centre of Jiangshan). Anhui
Anhui
Province: Ma'anshan
Ma'anshan
and Hefei
Hefei
have also been considered as among the cities in the greater Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta since 2010.[6] In addition, the Shanghai
Shanghai
districts of Minhang, Jinshan, Jiading and Pudong, although nominally "districts", are all municipal-level in administration ( Pudong
Pudong
is sub-provincial in administrative status), and all have de facto separate urban planning systems.

City Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Wu Regional Population(2010) Non-agricultural Population of Urban Districts(2010)[7] GDP(2011)(billion yuan) Image

Shanghai 上海 Shànghǎi Zaonhe 23,019,148 12,286,274 1,919.57

Nanjing (Jiangsu) 南京 Nánjīng Noecin[note 1] 8,004,680 6,852,984 614.55

Hangzhou (Zhejiang) 杭州 Hángzhōu Ghaontseu 8,700,400 3,075,212 701.18

Suzhou (Jiangsu) 苏州/ 蘇州 Sūzhōu Soutseu 10,465,994 2,424,759 1,071.70

Ningbo (Zhejiang) 宁波/ 寧波 Níngbō Nyinpou 7,605,689 1,364,963 601.05

Wuxi (Jiangsu) 无锡/ 無錫 Wúxī Vusih 6,372,624 2,252,571 688.02

Changzhou (Jiangsu) 常州 Chángzhōu Zantseu 4,591,972 1,219,557 358.04

Nantong (Jiangsu) 南通 Nántōng Noethon 7,282,835 1,361,003 408.02

Shaoxing (Zhejiang) 绍兴/ 紹興 Shàoxīng Zaushin 4,912,200 481,720 329.12

Jinhua (Zhejiang) 金华/ 金華 Jīnhuá Cinho 4,614,100 321,632 244.77

Jiaxing (Zhejiang) 嘉兴/ 嘉興 Jiāxīng Ciashin 4,501,700 428,609 266.81

Taizhou (Zhejiang) 台州 Tāizhōu Thetseu 5,968,800 310,464 279.49

Yangzhou (Jiangsu) 扬州/ 揚州 Yángzhōu Ghiantseu[note 1] 4,459,760 1,705,209 263.03

Yancheng (Jiangsu) 盐城 Yánchéng Ghiezen[note 1] 7,260,240 892,874 277.13

Taizhou (Jiangsu) 泰州 Tàizhōu Thatseu[note 1] 4,618,558 551,730 242.26

Zhenjiang (Jiangsu) 镇江/ 鎮江 Zhènjiāng Tsenkaon[note 1] 3,113,384 671,808 231.04

Huzhou (Zhejiang) 湖州 Húzhōu Ghoutseu 2,893,500 443,102 151.88

Huai'an (Jiangsu) 淮安 Huái'ān Ghuaoe[note 1] 4,799,889 1,133,946 169.00

Zhoushan (Zhejiang) 舟山 Zhōushān Tseuse 1,121,300 281,423 76.53

Quzhou (Zhejiang) 衢州 Qúzhōu Jiutseu 2,456,100 275,973 89.03

Ma'anshan (Anhui) 马鞍山/ 馬鞍山 Mǎ'ānshān Mooese[note 1] 1,366,302 532,410 114.42

Hefei (Anhui) 合肥 Héféi Ghehvi[note 1] 7,457,466[note 2] 1,783,612 363.66

Note:

^ a b c d e f g h The dialects in these areas are generally not Wu Chinese. ^ including Chaohu City
Chaohu City
and Lujiang County

Transportation[edit] The area is home to a very extensive transport network that include railways and expressways. The area has one of the highest private vehicle ownership rates in the country, and traffic rules governing Jiangsu, Shanghai, and Zhejiang
Zhejiang
are relatively strict compared to the rest of the country. Main bridges[edit]

Danyang– Kunshan
Kunshan
Grand Bridge, longest bridge in the world (164.8 km or 102.4 mi),[8] carries the high-speed railway over the delta Donghai Bridge, Shanghai-Yangshan deep water port (Port of Shanghai), 32.5 km Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay Bridge, Ningbo-Shanghai, 36 km, the world's longest cross-sea bridge Runyang Bridge Jiangyin
Jiangyin
Suspension Bridge Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge Lupu Bridge, Puxi-Pudong Sutong Bridge

Sea[edit] The region is served by some of the country's largest seaports:

Port of Shanghai, sea & river, the world's largest container port and 2nd largest cargo port as of 2013 Port of Ningbo-Zhoushan, sea & river, the world's largest cargo port as of 2013 Port of Suzhou, river & lake, the world's sixth largest cargo port as of 2013 Port of Lianyungang, sea port (not actually situated within the delta itself, but at the northern tip of the Jiangsu
Jiangsu
coastline) Port of Wenzhou, sea & river (not in the delta itself, but in southern Zhejiang
Zhejiang
province)

Air[edit] The region has nine major airports, whose area of coverage is generally around an hour's drive from any point of the delta. They include:

Shanghai
Shanghai
Pudong
Pudong
International Airport, hub of China
China
Eastern Airlines and Shanghai
Shanghai
Airlines, situated in Pudong, Shanghai. Shanghai
Shanghai
Hongqiao International Airport, closer to downtown Shanghai, serves domestic routes and limited international inter-city routes to other East Asian cities. Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Xiaoshan International Airport, situated in Hangzhou, Zhejiang. Nanjing
Nanjing
Lukou International Airport, situated in Nanjing, Jiangsu. Ningbo
Ningbo
Lishe International Airport, situated in Ningbo, Zhejiang. Wuxi
Wuxi
Shuofang Airport, situated in Wuxi, Jiangsu. Changzhou
Changzhou
Benniu Airport, situated in Changzhou, Jiangsu. Nantong
Nantong
Airport, situated in Nantong, Jiangsu. Yangzhou
Yangzhou
Taizhou Airport, situated in Yangzhou, Jiangsu.

Road[edit] Rail[edit]

Jinghu railway (Beijing–Shanghai) Huning Railway (Shanghai-Nanjing) Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta (YRD-RT) (formed by metros and commuter rails)

High-speed Rail[edit]

Beijing– Shanghai
Shanghai
High-Speed Railway Shanghai– Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Passenger Railway Part of the Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
and the Shanghai- Kunming
Kunming
HSR Shanghai– Nanjing
Nanjing
Intercity High-Speed Railway

Urban Rapid Transit[edit] Metro[edit]

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Metro Hefei
Hefei
Metro Nanjing
Nanjing
Metro Ningbo
Ningbo
Rail Transit Shanghai
Shanghai
Metro Suzhou
Suzhou
Rail Transit Wuxi
Wuxi
Metro Changzhou
Changzhou
Metro (under construction) Huzhou
Huzhou
Metro (under construction) Wenzhou
Wenzhou
Urban Railway (under construction) Chuzhou
Chuzhou
Metro (planning) Huainan
Huainan
Metro (planning) Huzhou
Huzhou
Metro (planning) Jinhua
Jinhua
Metro (planning) Nantong
Nantong
Rail Transit (planning) Shaoxing
Shaoxing
Metro (planning) Huai'an
Huai'an
Metro (proposed) Jiaxing
Jiaxing
Metro (proposed) Kunshan
Kunshan
Metro (proposed)

Light Rail[edit]

Huai'an
Huai'an
Tram Nanjing
Nanjing
Tram Shanghai
Shanghai
Zhangjiang Tram Suzhou
Suzhou
Tram Shanghai
Shanghai
Songjiang Tram (under construction) Wuhu
Wuhu
(under construction) Hefei
Hefei
Tram (planning) Kunshan
Kunshan
Tram (planning) Ningbo
Ningbo
Tram (planning) Shanghai
Shanghai
Jiading Tram (planning) Shanghai
Shanghai
Xihongqiao Tram (planning)

Bus Rapid Transit[edit]

Changzhou
Changzhou
BRT Hangzhou
Hangzhou
BRT Lianyungang
Lianyungang
BRT Suzhou
Suzhou
BRT Shanghai
Shanghai
BRT (under construction) Wuxi
Wuxi
BRT (planning)

Climate[edit]

Shanghai

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    51     8 1

    57     9 2

    99     13 6

    89     19 11

    102     24 16

    170     28 21

    156     32 25

    158     31 25

    137     27 21

    63     23 15

    46     17 9

    37     11 3

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    2     47 34

    2.2     49 36

    3.9     55 42

    3.5     66 52

    4     75 61

    6.7     82 69

    6.2     89 77

    6.2     88 77

    5.4     81 69

    2.5     73 59

    1.8     63 48

    1.5     52 37

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

The Yangtze Delta
Yangtze Delta
has a marine monsoon subtropical climate, with hot and humid summers, cool and dry winters, and warm spring and fall. Winter temperatures can drop as low as -10 °C (a record), however, and even in springtime, large temperature fluctuations can occur. Fishing and agriculture[edit] The Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta contains the most fertile soils in all of China. Rice is the dominant crop of the delta, but further inland fishing rivals it. In Qing Pu, 50 ponds, containing five different species of fish, produce 29,000 tons of fish each year. One of the biggest fears of fish farmers in this region is that toxic water will seep into their man-made lagoons and threaten their livelihood. References[edit]

^ "Yangtze (Yangzi, Changjiang) River Delta". China
China
Today. Retrieved 27 March 2013.  ^ Shanghai
Shanghai
Vice-Mayor Zhou Yupeng: 周禹鹏:加快推进长三角城市群的连带发展 People.cn retrieved 2010-01-09 ^ a b c OECD Urban Policy Reviews: China
China
2015, OECD READ edition. OECD iLibrary. OECD. 18 April 2015. p. 37. doi:10.1787/9789264230040-en. ISBN 9789264230033. ISSN 2306-9341. Linked from the OECD here ^ "杭州都市圈蓝皮书 杭州都市圈经济社会发展报告(2007~2012)——社科文献出版社 您的选择! ( Hangzhou
Hangzhou
metropolitan area blue book)". 12 May 2013. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012.  ^ " Hangzhou
Hangzhou
City Profile 2017" (PDF). Jones Lang LaSalle IP, Inc. 2017.  ^ a b 合肥马鞍山挤上“长三角快车” ^ source from 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2010》 ^ "Longest Bridge - Danyang- Kunshan
Kunshan
Grand Bridge". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chang Jiang— Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta.

PBS.org, Journey to Planet Earth, Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta, China United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP): Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Economic profile for the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta — at HKTDC—Hong Kong Trade Development Council. Asian Times: "Growth cools in Yangtze River
Yangtze River
region" Golden Triangle extending to become a parallelogram? (in Chinese) (Translate to English: Google, Bing) Constructing the next world megacity: The Yangtze Delta
Yangtze Delta
(in Chinese) (Translate to English: Google, Bing)

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta (YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Mid-Reaches ( Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Major regions and cities of China

National megalopolises

Jingjinji (Inner) Bohai Economic Rim

Beijing

Beijing

Changping Daxing Fangshan Mentougou Shunyi Tongzhou

Tianjin

Tianjin

Binhai Dongli Jinnan Wuqing

Hebei

Baoding

Xiong'an

Cangzhou Chengde Langfang Shijiazhuang Tangshan

Caofeidian Qian'an

Zhangjiakou

Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta (Economic Zone)

Jiangsu

Changzhou Lianyungang Nanjing Nantong Suzhou Taizhou Wuxi Yangzhou Zhenjiang

Shanghai

Shanghai

Baoshan Jiading Minhang Pudong Qingpu Songjiang

Zhejiang

Hangzhou Huzhou Jiaxing Jinhua Lishui Ningbo Quzhou Shaoxing Taizhou Wenzhou Zhoushan

Anhui

Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Ma'anshan Wuhu

Pearl River Delta/ Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area (Economic Zone)

Guangdong

Dongguan Foshan Guangzhou

Huadu Nansha Panyu

Huizhou Jiangmen Shenzhen

Bao'an

Zhaoqing Zhongshan Zhuhai

Hengqin

SARs

Hong Kong

Kowloon

Macau

Cotai

West Triangle Economic Zone

Chongqing

Chongqing

Fuling Liangjiang Qianjiang Wanzhou Xinbei

Sichuan

Chengdu Dazhou Deyang Guang'an Leshan Luzhou Meishan Mianyang Nanchong Neijiang Suining Yibin Zigong Ziyang

Shaanxi

Baoji Tongchuan Weinan Xi'an Xianyang

Yangling

Harbin- Changchun
Changchun
Megalopolis (Northeastern Cities)

Heilongjiang

Harbin Daqing Mudanjiang Qiqihar

Jilin

Changchun Jilin Siping Yanji

Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River/ Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Valley (Central Triangle Economic Zone)

Hubei

Ezhou Huanggang Huangshi Qianjiang Tianmen Wuhan Xianning Xiantao Xiaogan

Hunan

Changde Changsha Hengyang Loudi Xiangtan Yiyang Yueyang Zhuzhou

Jiangxi

Fuzhou Ji'an Jingdezhen Jiujiang Nanchang Shangrao Xinyu Yichun Yingtan

Anhui

Anqing Bengbu Chizhou Chuzhou Hefei Huainan Lu'an Ma'anshan Tongling Wuhu Xuancheng

(North) Bohai Economic Rim

Liaoning

Anshan Dalian

Lüshun

Huludao Jinzhou Panjin Shenyang Yingkou

(South) Bohai Economic Rim

Shandong

Binzhou Dongying Jinan Qingdao Weifang Weihai Yantai Zibo

Regions

East

Northeast

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Central South Huizhou

Western

Northwest Southwest

Administrative divisions

By GDP By GDP
GDP
per capita By Human Development Index Prefecture-level divisions County-level divisions

Cities

Direct-controlled municipality Prefecture-level city Sub-provincial city County-level city List of cities in China

by GDP
GDP
per capita by population

Capitals

Historical capitals Current and former capitals

Categories: Subdivisions Regions Cities

v t e

Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Metropolitan Region

Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Economic Zone

Shanghai
Shanghai
Metropolitan Area

Shanghai

Baoshan Jiading Minhang Pudong Qingpu Songjiang

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Yangtze Metropolitan Belt

Nanjing Suzhou Wuxi Nantong Zhenjiang Changzhou Taizhou Yangzhou Lianyungang

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Greater Bay Area

Hangzhou Ningbo Huzhou Jiaxing Jinhua Lishui Quzhou Shaoxing Taizhou Wenzhou Zhoushan

Anhui

Ma'anshan

v t e

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
topics

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Grand Canal of China Yellow Sea East China
China
Sea Xishan Island Yangtze River Lake Tai Hongze Lake Yangcheng Lake Huai River Qixia Mountain

Education

Nanjing
Nanjing
University Southeast University Hohai University Nanjing
Nanjing
Normal University Nanjing
Nanjing
University of Science and Technology

Culture

Wuyue culture Shuochang Cuisine Chinese opera Ge Yuan Garden

Visitor attractions

Purple Mountain Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Jiming Temple Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge Hanshan Temple Huqiu Tower Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Chaotian Palace Qixia Temple Tianning Temple Pagoda Zhouzhuang

Category Commons

v t e

Shanghai

Architecture Economy Geography History

Timeline

Politics

Administrative divisions

Huangpu Xuhui Changning Jing'an Putuo Hongkou Yangpu Minhang Baoshan Jiading Pudong

Shanghai
Shanghai
Free-Trade Zone

Jinshan Songjiang Qingpu Fengxian Chongming

Defunct divisions

Nanshi Luwan Wusong Nanhui Zhabei Chuansha County Shanghai
Shanghai
County

Areas

Old City Qibao French Concession International Settlement People's Square Xujiahui Thames Town

Streets

The Bund Nanjing
Nanjing
Road Huaihai Road Yan'an
Yan'an
Road Hengshan Road Wukang Road Duolun Road

Attractions

1933 Old Millfun Great World Happy Valley Shanghai Jinjiang Action Park Oriental Art Center Shanghai
Shanghai
Concert Hall Shanghai
Shanghai
Disney Resort Shanghai
Shanghai
Grand Theatre Shanghai
Shanghai
Exhibition Centre Shanghai
Shanghai
New International Expo Center Tianzifang Xintiandi Yuyuan Garden

Culture and demographics

Shikumen Longtang Shanghainese
Shanghainese
language Shanghainese
Shanghainese
cuisine Shanghainese
Shanghainese
people Haipai Shanghai
Shanghai
opera

Hotels

Peace Hotel Jinjiang Hotel Broadway Mansions Grand Hyatt Shanghai

Museums

China
China
Art Museum First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party Power Station of Art Rockbund Art Museum Shanghai
Shanghai
Museum Natural History Museum Shanghai
Shanghai
Science and Technology Museum Shanghai
Shanghai
Urban Planning Exhibition Hall

Parks

Century Park Huangpu Park Lu Xun Park People's Park Shanghai
Shanghai
Zoo Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Park

Places of worship

Buddhist

Jade Buddha Temple Jing'an Temple Longhua Temple

Christian

Holy Trinity Church She Shan Basilica St Ignatius Cathedral St Joseph's Church St Nicholas' Church St Peter's Church

Other

City God Temple Wen Miao

Skyscrapers

Jin Mao Tower K11 Oriental Pearl Tower Shanghai
Shanghai
World Financial Center Shimao International Plaza Shanghai
Shanghai
Tower

Sports venues

Hongkou Football Stadium Jiangwan Sports Center Shanghai
Shanghai
Stadium Yuanshen Sports Centre Stadium Jinshan Sports Centre Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena Shanghai
Shanghai
Indoor Stadium Shanghai
Shanghai
International Circuit Shanghai
Shanghai
Street Circuit Tianma Circuit Zhabei Stadium

Transport

Shanghai
Shanghai
Hongqiao International Airport Shanghai
Shanghai
Pudong
Pudong
International Airport Port of Shanghai Shanghai
Shanghai
Metro Shanghai
Shanghai
Public Transport Card Maglev Train Shanghai
Shanghai
railway station Shanghai
Shanghai
South railway station Hongqiao railway station Trams in Shanghai Zhangjiang Tram Buses in Shanghai Trolleybuses in Shanghai Shanghai
Shanghai
Ferry

Universities

National

Fudan University Shanghai
Shanghai
Jiao Tong University East China
China
Normal University Tongji University Shanghai
Shanghai
University of Finance and Economics Shanghai
Shanghai
International Studies University

Municipal

Shanghai
Shanghai
University ShanghaiTech University

Sports

Shanghai
Shanghai
Shenhua Shanghai
Shanghai
SIPG Shanghai
Shanghai
Shenxin Shanghai
Shanghai
Sharks

Category Commons

v t e

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
topics

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Huangyajian Peak Mount Mogan Tiantai Mountain Yangtze Delta Grand Canal of China Qiantang River Oujiang River Zhoushan
Zhoushan
Island Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay

Education

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
University Zhejiang
Zhejiang
University of Technology Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Normal University Shaoxing
Shaoxing
University

Culture

Wuyue culture Wu Chinese

Taihu Wu

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
dialect Ningbo
Ningbo
dialect

Wenzhou
Wenzhou
dialect

( Rui'an
Rui'an
dialect)

Jinhua
Jinhua
dialect Quzhou
Quzhou
dialect

Southern Min

Zhenan Min

Shaoxing
Shaoxing
opera

Cuisine

Longjing tea Shaoxing
Shaoxing
wine

Visitor attractions

Baoguo Temple Mount Putuo Tomb of Yu the Great Mount Tiantai Qiandao Lake Guoqing Temple

.