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Yandex
Yandex
N.V. (/ˈjʌndɛks/; Russian: Яндекс, IPA: [ˈjandəks]) is a multinational corporation specializing in Internet-related services and products. Although most of its assets are in Russia, the company is incorporated in the Netherlands
Netherlands
due to irregularities in Russian law[according to whom?]. It is the largest technology company in Russia[2] and the largest search engine on the Internet
Internet
in Russian, with a market share of over 52%.[3] The Yandex.ru home page is the 4th most popular website in Russia.[4] It also has the largest market share of any search engine in the Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
and is the 5th largest search engine worldwide after Google, Baidu, Bing, and Yahoo!. Yandex' main competitors on the Russian market are Google, Mail.ru, and Rambler. According to the company, one of its biggest advantages for Russian-language users is the ability to recognize Russian inflection in search queries.[5] The name "yandex" is a combination of the Russian letter "Я" ("Ya"), meaning "I", and the word "index". Yandex
Yandex
has invested in companies including Vizi Labs, Face.com, Blekko, Seismotech, Multiship, SalesPredict, and Doc+.[6]

Contents

1 Offices 2 History 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Offices[edit] Yandex
Yandex
has offices in 17 countries.[7] It launched Yandex
Yandex
Labs in Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
in 2008.[8] It launched in Turkey
Turkey
in 2011.[9] Yandex
Yandex
opened its first sales office in Europe
Europe
in Lucerne, Switzerland in 2012 to serve its European advertising clients.[10] In 2014, Yandex opened a research and development office in Berlin.[11] It opened its first office in China
China
in Shanghai
Shanghai
in 2015 to work with Chinese companies that work on the Russian language
Russian language
market.[12] History[edit] Yandex
Yandex
traces its roots to 1990, when Arkady Volozh
Arkady Volozh
and Arkady Borkovsky founded Arkadia, a company that developed MS-DOS
MS-DOS
software for use in patents and goods classification. Their software featured a full-text search with Russian morphology support. In 1993, Arkadia became a subdivision of Comptek International, another company founded by Volozh in 1989. In 1993, Arkady Volozh
Arkady Volozh
and Ilya Segalovich, friends since their school days and by then working together to develop search software,[13] invented the word "Yandex" to describe their search technologies. The name initially stood for "Yet Another iNDEXer".[14] The Russian word "Я" ("Ya") corresponds to the English personal pronoun "I", making "Яndex" a bilingual pun on "index". Another pun is based on the yin and yang contrast (Russian: инь – индекс, ян – яндекс). Between 1993 and 1996, the company continued developing its search technologies and released software for searching through the Bible.[14] The Yandex.ru search engine was launched on September 23, 1997 and was publicly presented at the Softool exhibition in Moscow.[15] Initially, the search engine was developed by Comptek. In 2000, Yandex
Yandex
was incorporated as a standalone company by Arkady Volozh.[14] In 1998, Yandex
Yandex
launched contextual advertisement on its search engine. In 2001, it launched the Yandex.Direct
Yandex.Direct
online advertising network.[14] The company became profitable in November 2002. In 2004, Yandex
Yandex
sales increased to $17 million, up 10005 in 2 years. The net income of the company in 2004 was $7 million. In June 2006, the weekly revenue of Yandex.Direct
Yandex.Direct
context ads system exceeded $1 million. The company's accounting has been audited by Deloitte
Deloitte
since 1999. In September 2005, Yandex
Yandex
opened an office in Ukraine[16] and launched www.yandex.ua.[17] In 2007, Yandex
Yandex
introduced a customized search engine for Ukrainian users;[18] Yandex
Yandex
also opened its development center in Kiev
Kiev
in May 2007. In 2008, Yandex
Yandex
extended its presence in Ukraine by increasing bandwidth between Moscow data centers and UA-IX in Ukraine fivefold.[19] In 2009, all services of www.yandex.ua were localized for the Ukrainian market.[20] In 2010, Yandex
Yandex
launched its "Poltava" search engine algorithm for Ukrainian users, based on its MatrixNet technology.[21] In March 2007, Yandex
Yandex
acquired moikrug.ru, a Russian social networking service.[22] On June 16, 2008, Yandex
Yandex
acquired SMILink, a Russian road traffic monitoring agency, to merge it with Yandex.Maps services.[23] On June 20, 2008, Yandex
Yandex
announced the formation of Yandex
Yandex
Labs in Silicon Valley. The main objective of the division is to foster "innovation in search and advertising technology".[8] In September 2008, Yandex
Yandex
acquired the rights to the Punto Switcher software program, an automatic Russian to English keyboard layout switcher.[24] In January 2009, Mozilla Firefox 3.5, replaced Google
Google
with Yandex
Yandex
as the default search provider for Russian-language builds.[25] In August 2009, Yandex
Yandex
introduced a player of free legal music in its search results. In September 2010, Yandex
Yandex
launched the Yandex.Music service and significantly extended its music catalogue to 800,000 tracks from 58,000 performers.[26] On May 19, 2010, Yandex
Yandex
launched an English-only web search engine.[27][28][29] In September 2010, Yandex
Yandex
invested in a $4.3 million financing round by Face.com.[30] The company was acquired by Facebook
Facebook
in 2012. In December 2010, Yandex
Yandex
launched Yandex.Start to find startups and to work with them systematically. As a result of the program, Yandex purchased WebVisor's behavior analysis technology in December 2010.[31][32] On January 26, 2011, Yandex
Yandex
introduced premium placement opportunity in its Business directory; advertisers' local small businesses are highlighted on a map for relevant queries.[33] On January 27, 2011, the company acquired single sign-in service Loginza.[34] On May 3, 2011, as part of a disclosure on the "legal and political risks" of investing in Russia, before the listing on NASDAQ, Yandex revealed that it had passed private customer information to the Federal Security Service, including that of users who had donated money via Yandex
Yandex
to an anti-corruption website set-up by Alexei Navalny.[35] On May 24, 2011, Yandex
Yandex
raised $1.3 billion in an initial public offering on NASDAQ. It was the biggest initial public offering for a dot-com company since Google's offering in 2004.[36] Among the largest investors in Yandex
Yandex
were Baring Vostok Capital Partners, which owned a 30% stake, and Tiger Management, which owned a 15% stake.[37] In August 2011, Yandex
Yandex
acquired The Tweeted Times, a news delivery startup.[38] In September 2011, Yandex
Yandex
launched a search engine and a range of other services in Turkey. The company also opened an office in Istanbul.[9] In September 2011, the company invested in Blekko
Blekko
as part of a $30 million financing round.[39][40] In November 2011, Yandex
Yandex
acquired SPB Software, a software developer, for $38 million.[41][42] In June 2012, Yandex
Yandex
acquired a 25% stake in Seismotech, a company that provides services in the area of interpretative processing of seismic data and software development, for $1 million.[43][44] In March 2013, the company added an English user interface to its translation mobile app.[45] In July 2013, Mail.Ru
Mail.Ru
started placing Yandex.Direct
Yandex.Direct
ads on its search result pages.[46] In October 2013, Yandex
Yandex
acquired KinoPoisk, the biggest Russian movie search engine.[47][48][49] In 2013, Yandex
Yandex
became the largest media property in Russia
Russia
by revenue.[50] In February 2014, Yandex
Yandex
invested several million dollars in MultiShip.[51][52] In March 2014, Yandex
Yandex
acquired Israeli geolocation startup KitLocate and opened a research and development office in Israel.[53][54][55] In April 2014, a movie called Startup, about the history of Yandex
Yandex
was released.[56] In June 2014, Yandex
Yandex
acquired Auto.ru, an online marketplace and classified advertising website for automobiles, for $175 million.[57][58] In December 2015, Yandex
Yandex
acquired Agnitum, an internet security company.[59] On June 1, 2017, Yandex
Yandex
closed its offices in Kiev
Kiev
and Odessa, Ukraine after the Security Service of Ukraine
Security Service of Ukraine
raided the offices and accused the company of illegally collecting Ukrainian users’ data and sending it to Russian security agencies.[60] On June 6, 2017, the company invested in a $5 million financing round by Doc+.[61] On October 10, 2017, Yandex
Yandex
introduced its intelligent personal assistant, Alisa (Alice) for Android, iOS, and Microsoft Windows.[62][63][64] In December 2017, the company acquired Foodfox, a food delivery service.[65] In 2017, within the framework of a joint anti-phishing project of the Bank of Russia
Russia
and search engine Yandex, a special check mark (a green circle with a tick and 'Реестр ЦБ РФ' (Bank of Russia Register) text box) appeared in the search results, informing the consumer that the website is really owned by a legally registered company licensed by the Bank of Russia.[66][67] On February 7, 2018, Uber
Uber
and Yandex
Yandex
NV merged their businesses in Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus
Belarus
and Georgia. Uber invested $225 million and owns 36.6% stake the venture while Yandex invested $100 million and owns a 59.3% stake.[68] On February 16, 2018, the company showed off the first tests of its autonomous cars in Moscow.[69][70] See also[edit]

ClickHouse Cocaine (PaaS) Elliptics Comparison of webmail providers Public recursive name servers

References[edit]

^ " Yandex
Yandex
Announces Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2017 Financial Results" (Press release). Yandex. February 15, 2018.  ^ "Yandex, Russia's biggest technology company, celebrates 20 years". The Economist. September 30, 2017.  ^ "Liveinternet stats provider, Russian sites visited by Russians".  ^ "Top Sites in Russia". Alexa Internet.  ^ Ioffe, Julia (February 10, 2009). "Google's Russian threat". Fortune.  ^ "Crunchbase: Yandex". TechCrunch.  ^ "Yandex". Yandex.  ^ a b " Yandex
Yandex
Labs to Open in Silicon Valley" (Press release). Yandex. June 20, 2008.  ^ a b " Yandex
Yandex
Launches in Turkey" (Press release). Yandex. September 20, 2011.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Opens Offices in Europe" (Press release). GlobeNewswire. March 12, 2012.  ^ "Russia's Yandex
Yandex
to open new office in Europe". Reuters. February 6, 2014.  ^ "Russian Internet
Internet
company Yandex
Yandex
opens commercial office in Shanghai". TASS. September 10, 2015.  ^ "Emerging Leader: Arkady Volozh
Arkady Volozh
& Thomas White International". Thomaswhite.com. May 29, 2012.  ^ a b c d "History". Yandex.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Turns 20". Yandex. September 28, 2017.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Representative Office Now in Ukraine" (Press release). Yandex. September 6, 2005.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Presents www.yandex.ua" (Press release). Yandex. September 20, 2005.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Adds Ukrainian Search" (Press release). Yandex. October 2, 2007.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Extends its Presence in Ukraine" (Press release). Yandex. August 20, 2008.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Learns Languages" (Press release). Yandex. November 19, 2009.  ^ " Yandex Search
Yandex Search
for Ukraine's Every Region" (Press release). Yandex. July 27, 2010.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Acquires Social Networking Web Site MoiKrug.ru" (Press release). Yandex. March 27, 2007.  ^ Andrews, Robert (June 16, 2008). "Russia's Yandex
Yandex
Buys Traffic Info Service SMIlink". GigaOm.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Releases Punto 3.0" (Press release). Yandex. September 9, 2008.  ^ Shankland, Stephen (January 9, 2009). "Firefox in Russia
Russia
dumps Google
Google
for Yandex". CNET.  ^ "Enhanced Music Streaming on Yandex" (Press release). Yandex. September 22, 2010.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Adds Foreign Content to Its Search Index" (Press release). Yandex. May 19, 2010.  ^ Rao, Leena (May 18, 2010). " Yandex
Yandex
Adds Foreign Content Filter To Search". TechCrunch.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
opts for latin script to broaden market reach". Russia Today. May 19, 2010.  ^ Wauters, Robin (September 27, 2010). "Facial Recognition Tech Startup Face.com Raises $4.3M From Yandex
Yandex
And Others". TechCrunch.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Supports Startups" (Press release). Yandex. December 24, 2010.  ^ Butcher, Mike (December 24, 2010). " Yandex
Yandex
Acquires WebVisor's Behavior Analysis Technology, Team". TechCrunch.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Offers Geo-targeted Ads to Businesses" (Press release). Yandex. January 26, 2011.  ^ O'Hear, Steve (January 27, 2011). " Yandex
Yandex
Acquires Single Sign-In Service Loginza". TechCrunch.  ^ Drobinina, Ekaterina (3 May 2011). "Russian search-engine Yandex passed information to FSB". BBC News.  ^ Rusli, Evelyn M. (May 24, 2011). " Yandex
Yandex
Shares Soar 55% in Market Debut". The New York Times. (subscription required) ^ Popova, Olga; Kiselyova, Maria; Mosolova, Tanya (May 20, 2008). "Russia's Yandex
Yandex
plans up to $2 bln NY IPO - source". Reuters.  ^ Wauters, Robin (August 26, 2011). "Russian Search Giant Yandex Acquires Social News Startup 'The Tweeted Times'". TechCrunch.  ^ Rao, Leena (September 29, 2011). "Search Engine Blekko
Blekko
Raises $30 Million From Russian Search Giant Yandex
Yandex
And Others". TechCrunch.  ^ " Blekko
Blekko
Closes $30 Million Funding Round; Welcomes Yandex
Yandex
as Strategic Investor" (Press release). Business Wire. September 29, 2011.  ^ Shatalova, Ekaterina (November 28, 2011). " Yandex
Yandex
Acquires SPB Software Developer to Expand Mobile Products". Bloomberg L.P.  ^ Empson, Rip (November 28, 2011). "Russian Search Giant Yandex Acquires Mobile Software Developer SPB For $38 Million". TechCrunch.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Supports Geophysical Exploration" (Press release). Yandex. June 22, 2012.  ^ Peak, Krystal (June 22, 2012). " Yandex
Yandex
buys 25% stake in seismic data processing biz". Vator.  ^ Lomas, Natasha (March 26, 2013). " Yandex
Yandex
Adds English UI To Its Translation App To Widen Its International Appeal". TechCrunch.  ^ "Mail.ru, Yandex
Yandex
agree to place ads from Yandex.Direct
Yandex.Direct
on search engine". Interfax. July 25, 2013.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Acquires KinoPoisk" (Press release). GlobeNewswire. October 15, 2013.  ^ Lunden, Ingrid (October 15, 2013). " Yandex
Yandex
Buys KinoPoisk, 'Russia's IMDb', To Move Into Film Search And Recommendation". TechCrunch.  ^ Kiselyova, Maria (October 16, 2013). " Yandex
Yandex
buys Russian movie review site". Reuters.  ^ d’Amora, Delphine (April 10, 2014). " Internet
Internet
Titan Yandex
Yandex
Leads State-Owned Channel One for 2013 Revenue". The Moscow Times.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
invests in MultiShip: A perfect match on the Russian e-commerce service scene". VentureBeat. February 1, 2014.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
invests in online logistics provider". Reuters. February 1, 2014.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
Acquires KitLocate" (Press release). GlobeNewswire. March 18, 2014.  ^ Lomas, Natasha (March 18, 2014). "Russian Search Giant Yandex Acquires Low-Power Mobile Geolocation
Geolocation
Startup KitLocate". TechCrunch.  ^ Shamah, David (March 21, 2014). " Yandex
Yandex
to open Israeli R&D centre after KitLocate acquisition". ZDNet.  ^ POTOTSKY, DAN (April 3, 2014). "Telling the Yandex
Yandex
story: 'Startup' gets off the ground". Russia
Russia
Beyond.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
to Acquire Auto.ru" (Press release). GlobeNewswire. June 16, 2014.  ^ Lunden, Ingrid (June 16, 2014). " Yandex
Yandex
Acquires Auto.Ru For $175M, Adding Car Classifieds To Its Search Business". TechCrunch.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
acquires software developer Agnitum". December 9, 2015.  ^ Soldatkin, Vladimir; Stubbs, Jack (June 1, 2017). "Russia's Yandex to close offices in Ukraine's Odessa
Odessa
and Kiev". Reuters.  ^ "DOC+, the Digital Health Company, Raises $5M From Yandex
Yandex
and Baring Vostok" (Press release). PRNewswire. June 6, 2018.  ^ "Say "Privet" to Alice, Yandex's Intelligent Assistant". Yandex. October 10, 2017.  ^ Heater, Brian (October 10, 2017). " Yandex
Yandex
introduces Alice, an Alexa-like assistant that speaks Russian". TechCrunch.  ^ Locklear, Mallory (October 10, 2017). "Meet Alice: The virtual assistant from Russian search giant Yandex". Engadget.  ^ Teterevleva, Anastasia; Devitt, Polina (December 25, 2017). "Russia's Yandex.Taxi
Yandex.Taxi
buys food delivery service Foodfox". Reuters.  ^ "Bank of Russia
Russia
to mark microfinance organisations on the Internet
Internet
Банк России". www.cbr.ru. Retrieved 2018-03-06.  ^ "Insurers' websites receive first marks Банк России". www.cbr.ru. Retrieved 2018-03-06.  ^ " Yandex
Yandex
and Uber
Uber
Complete the Combination of Their Ride-Sharing Businesses in Russia
Russia
and Neighboring Countries" (Press release). GlobeNewswire. February 7, 2018.  ^ Etherington, Darrell (February 16, 2018). " Yandex
Yandex
shows off the first tests of self-driving cars on Moscow roads". TechCrunch.  ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (February 16, 2018). "Watch this self-driving car navigate the snowy streets of Moscow". The Verge. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutYandexat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons Data from Wikidata

Official website (in Russian) yandex.com Yandex
Yandex
search engine (in English)

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Browser YandexBlog Yandex
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MOEX Russia
Russia
Index

Acron Aeroflot ALROSA Credit Bank of Moscow Detsky Mir DIXY Europlan FGC UES Gazprom Inter RAO Lenta LSR Group Lukoil M.video Magnit Mechel MMK MegaFon Moscow Exchange Mosenergo MTS NCSP Norilsk Nickel NLMK Novatek OAO TMK PhosAgro PIK Group Polymetal Polyus Gold Rosneft Rostelecom Rusal RusAgro RusHydro Russneft Russian Grids Sberbank Severstal Sistema Surgutneftegas Tatneft Transneft Unipro UWC VTB
VTB
Bank Yandex

Valid: from September 22, 2017 Official list: http://moex.com/s777

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Major Internet
Internet
companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$2 billion

Largest Internet
Internet
companies

Baidu Facebook FMG/Fusion Media Group Google InterActiveCorp Microsoft Naver NetEase Netflix Tencent Twitter Uber Vox Media Yandex

Cloud computing

Akamai Technologies Alibaba Cloud Amazon Web Services Google IBM Microsoft Oracle Corporation Rackspace Salesforce.com

E-commerce only

Alibaba Group Amazon.com eBay Flipkart Groupon JD.com Shopify Rakuten

See also Largest IT companies List of largest Internet
Internet
companies Category:

.