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YAMUNACHARYA or ALAVANDAR was a Vishistadvaita philosopher in Srirangam , Tamil Nadu, India . Ramanuja , one of the leaders of the srivaishnava school sought to be his disciple. He was born in early 10th century CE and was the grandson of a Brahmin, Nathamuni. Nathamuni was a famed yogi who collected to the works of Tamil alvars .

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VAISHNAVISM

Supreme deity

* Vishnu
Vishnu
* Krishna
Krishna
* Rama
Rama

Important deities Dashavatara

* Matsya * Kurma
Kurma
* Varaha
Varaha
* Narasimha
Narasimha
* Vamana
Vamana
* Parasurama * Rama
Rama
* Balarama
Balarama
* Krishna
Krishna
* Buddha * Kalki
Kalki

Other Avatars

* Mohini * Nara-Narayana * Hayagriva

Related

* Lakshmi
Lakshmi
* Sita
Sita
* Hanuman
Hanuman
* Shesha
Shesha

Texts

* Vedas
Vedas
* Upanishads * Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad Gita
* Divya Prabandha
Divya Prabandha
* Ramcharitmanas

Puranas
Puranas

* Vishnu
Vishnu
* Bhagavata * Naradiya * Garuda * Padma * Agni

Sampradayas

* Sri ( Vishishtadvaita ) * Brahma ( Dvaita
Dvaita
, Acintyabhedabheda ) * Rudra ( Shuddhadvaita ) * Nimbarka ( Dvaitadvaita )

Philosophers–acharyas

* Nammalvar
Nammalvar
* Yamunacharya * Ramanuja * Madhva * Chaitanya * Vallabha * Sankardev * Madhavdev * Nimbarka * Pillai Lokacharya * Prabhupada * Vedanta Desika

Related traditions

* Bhagavatism
Bhagavatism
* Pancharatra * Tattvavada * Pushtimarg * Radha Krishna
Krishna
* ISKCON * Swaminarayan * Ekasarana * Pranami * Ramanandi * Vaikhanasas

Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

* v * t * e

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Works * 3 References * 4 External links

EARLY LIFE

Part of a series on

HINDU PHILOSOPHY

ORTHODOX

* SAMKHYA * YOGA * NYAYA * VAISHESHIKA * MIMAMSA

VEDANTA

* Advaita
Advaita
* Vishishtadvaita * Dvaita
Dvaita
Vedanta
Vedanta
* Bhedabheda * Dvaitadvaita * Achintya Bheda Abheda * Shuddhadvaita

HETERODOX

* CHARVAKA * ĀJīVIKA * BUDDHISM * JAINISM

OTHER SCHOOLS

* Vaishnava * Smarta * Shakta

* Shaiva : Pratyabhijña * Pashupata * Siddhanta

* Tantra

TEACHERS (Acharyas )

NYAYA

* Akṣapāda Gotama * Jayanta Bhatta * Raghunatha Siromani

MīMāṃSā

* Jaimini * Kumārila Bhaṭṭa * Prabhākara

ADVAITA VEDANTA

* Gaudapada * Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
* Vācaspati Miśra
Vācaspati Miśra
* Vidyaranya * Sadananda * Madhusūdana Sarasvatī * Vijnanabhiksu * Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
* Vivekananda
Vivekananda
* Ramana Maharshi * Siddharudha * Chinmayananda * Nisargadatta

VISHISHTADVAITA

* Nammalvar
Nammalvar
* Alvars
Alvars
* Yamunacharya * Ramanuja * Vedanta Desika * Pillai Lokacharya * Manavala Mamunigal

DVAITA

* Madhvacharya * Jayatirtha
Jayatirtha
* Vyasatirtha * Sripadaraja * Vadirajatirtha
Vadirajatirtha
* Vijayendra Tirtha * Raghavendra Swami

ACHINTYA BHEDA ABHEDA

* Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
* Jiva Goswami * Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati * Prabhupada

* Tantra * Shakta

* Abhinavagupta * Nigamananda Paramahansa * Ramprasad Sen * Bamakhepa * Kamalakanta Bhattacharya * Anandamayi Ma

OTHERS

SAMKHYA

* Kapila

YOGA

* Patanjali
Patanjali

VAISHESHIKA

* Kanada , Prashastapada

DVAITADVAITA

* Nimbarka

SHUDDHADVAITA

* Vallabha Acharya
Acharya

MAJOR TEXTS

* Sruti * Smriti

------------------------- VEDAS

* Rigveda
Rigveda
* Yajurveda * Samaveda * Atharvaveda

UPANISHADS

* Principal Upanishads * Minor Upanishads

Other scriptures

* Bhagavat Gita * Agama (Hinduism)

------------------------- SHASTRAS AND SUTRAS

* Brahma Sutras * Samkhya Sutras * Mimamsa Sutras * Nyāya Sūtras * Vaiśeṣika Sūtra * Yoga
Yoga
Sutras

* Pramana Sutras

* Puranas
Puranas
* Dharma Shastra * Artha Śastra * Kamasutra * Tirumurai * Shiva Samhita

* Hinduism
Hinduism
* Other Indian philosophies

* v * t * e

He grew up learning Vedic texts from Rama
Rama
Misra also known as Manakkal Nambi and was skilled in mimansa . Sirvaishnavite legend relates this history—As a teenager he challenged the royal priest Akkiyalvan of the Pandya king (the name of the king is disputed). Akkiyalvan, when he saw the age of the youth, asked sarcastically "alavandara?" meaning "has he come to rule me?". He defeated Akkiyalvan by proving through the accepted rules of logic that Akkiyalvan's mother was barren, the king was not righteous and the queen unchaste. The king and queen, impressed that the boy has understood the shortcomings of logic, adopted him.The queen hailed the boy as "Alavandhaar"- the saviour. In other versions of the legend, he is given half the kingdom. There is no historical record to show his reign so it is possible that this happened in a smaller village rather than the kingdom of Pandya.

After years of rule, Mannakal Nambi tricked him into visiting the temple of Ranganatha
Ranganatha
. There, he had an epiphany and gave up the material duties of a king and became a sanyasin embracing saranagati . He composed the chatushloki and Strotra Ratna at that spot. Mannakal Nambi handed over the reins of Natha Muni's school including the collected Divya Prabandha
Divya Prabandha
and renamed him Yamuna Muni or Yamunacharya.

As he grew older, he was perturbed that he could not finish the tasks he had set for himself and asked Ramanuja to visit him. However, he died before he could talk with Ramanuja. Srivaishnavite devotees say that his corpse had curled three fingers and when Ramanuja saw these, he understood the tasks and promised to finish them whereupon the fingers straightened.

* The names of Parashara and Veda Vyasa
Vyasa
, should be commemorated on the earth by giving it to a person worthy to bear it. * Compose a commentary on Tiruvaymozhi of Nammalvar
Nammalvar
the most prolific of Alvars
Alvars
. * Compose a commentary on Upanishads , Vedanta
Vedanta
Sutras and Bhagavad Gita .

WORKS

Alavandar, like Ramanuja, focused both on philosophical debates like dvaita vs. advaita and bhakti prayers and the works attributed to him are in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
although he codified the heritage of the Tamil Alvars . Works attributed to him are:

* Chathusloki - a popular prayer in praise of Lakshmi
Lakshmi
* Stotraratnam - a prayer in praise of Narayana * Siddhitrayam - consisting of (i) Atmasiddhi. (ii) Samvitsiddhi and (iii) Iswarasiddhi which describe the Vishistadvaita school of thought, describing a relation between the soul, god and the universe * Agama Pramanya - stating the authority of Pancharatra agama * Maha Purusha Nirnayam - describing that the ultimate reality is the god-goddess pair Sri and Narayana * Gitartha Sangraha - a commentary on the Bhagvad Gita
Bhagvad Gita
* Nityam * Mayavada Khandanam

REFERENCES

* ^ Jones, Constance (2007). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 490. ISBN 0-8160-5458-4 . * ^ Venkatadriagaram Varadachari (1984), Yamunacharya, Memorial Trust

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Yāmuna’s

.