HOME
The Info List - Yalu River





The Yalu River, also called the Amrok River
River
or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea
North Korea
and China. Together with the Tumen River
River
to its east, and a small portion of Paektu Mountain, the Yalu forms the border between North Korea
North Korea
and China
China
and is notable as a site involved in military conflicts such as the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, World War II, and the Korean War.

Contents

1 Name 2 Geography 3 History 4 Economy 5 Crossings 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Name[edit] There are two theories regarding the origin of the river's name. One theory is that the name derived from "Yalv ula" in the Manchu language. The Manchu word "Yalu" means "the boundary between two countries". In Mandarin Chinese, "Yalu" phonetically approximates the original Manchu word "Yalu", but literally means "Duck Green", which was said to have been once the color of the river. The other theory is that the river was named after the combination of its two upper branches, which were called "鴨" (Ya or Ap) and "綠" (Lu or R(or n)ok)" respectively. Revised Romanization of Korean
Revised Romanization of Korean
spelled it Amnokgang (Korean pronunciation: [amnok.k͈aŋ]; "Amnok River") and Revised Romanization of Hangeul spelled it Aprokgang (Korean pronunciation: [amnok.k͈aŋ]; "Aprok River"). Geography[edit] From 2500 m above sea level on Paektu Mountain
Paektu Mountain
on the China– North Korea
North Korea
border, the river flows south to Hyesan
Hyesan
before sweeping 130 km northwest to Linjiang
Linjiang
and then returning to a more southerly route for a further 300 km to empty into the Korea Bay between Dandong
Dandong
(China) and Sinuiju
Sinuiju
(North Korea). The bordering Chinese provinces are Jilin
Jilin
and Liaoning. The river is 795 km (493 mi) long and receives water from over 30,000 km² of land. The Yalu's most significant tributaries are the Changjin (장진강; 長津江), the Hochon (허천강; 虛川江), the Tongro (독로강; 禿魯江) and the Ai (瑷河) rivers from Korea
Korea
and the Hun from China. The river is not easily navigable for most of its length.[1] Most of the river freezes during winter and can be crossed on foot.[2] The depth of the Yalu River
River
varies from some of the more shallow parts on the eastern side in Hyesan
Hyesan
(1 metre) to the deeper parts of the river near the Yellow Sea (2.5 metres).[3] The estuary is the site of the Amrok River
River
estuary Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International.[4] There are 205 islands on the Yalu. A 1962 border treaty between North Korea
Korea
and China
China
split the islands according to which ethnic group were living on each island. North Korea
North Korea
possesses 127 and China
China
78. Due to the division criteria, some islands such as Hwanggumpyong Island belong to North Korea
North Korea
but abut the Chinese side of the river.

North Korean village in the Yalu River
River
delta

History[edit]

Remains of bridge between Dandong
Dandong
and Sinuiju
Sinuiju
destroyed during the Korean War

The river basin is the site where the ancient Korean kingdom of Goguryeo
Goguryeo
(Hangul: 고구려) rose to power. Many former fortresses are located along the river and the former capital of that kingdom was situated at what is now the medium-sized city of Ji'an, Jilin
Jilin
along the Yalu, a site rich in Goguryeo
Goguryeo
era relics.[citation needed] Wihwa Island on the river is historically famous as the place where in 1388, General Yi Songgye (later Taejo of Joseon) decided to turn back his army southward to Kaesong
Kaesong
in the first of a series of revolts that eventually led to the establishment of the House of Yi.[5] The river has been the site of several battles because of its strategic location between Korea
Korea
and China, including:

Battle of the Yalu River
River
(1894) – First Sino-Japanese War Battle of Yalu River
River
(1904) – Russo-Japanese War Battle near to the Yalu River
River
(1950) – Korean War

The Korean side of the river was heavily industrialized during the period of Japanese rule (1910–1945), and by 1945 almost 20% of Imperial Japan's total industrial output originated in Korea. During the Korean War, the movement of United Nations
United Nations
troops approaching the river precipitated massive Chinese intervention from around Dandong. In the course of the conflict every bridge across the river except one was destroyed. The one remaining bridge was the Sino–Korean Friendship Bridge connecting Sinuiju, North Korea
North Korea
to Dandong, China. During the war the valley surrounding the western end of the river also became the focal point of a series of dogfights for air superiority over North Korea, earning the nickname "MiG Alley" in reference to the MiG-15 fighters flown by the combined North Korean, Chinese and Soviet forces.[citation needed] It was the advance of UN forces during the Korean War
Korean War
toward the Yalu which allowed Chairman Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong
to convince his people that China needed to intervene over fears of an American invasion, since toppling communism was one of America's stated goals and Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
had expressed his desire to expand the war into China.[citation needed] The river has frequently been crossed by North Koreans fleeing to China
China
since the early 1990s, although the Tumen River
River
is the most used way.[6][citation needed]

The Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge
Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge
across the Yalu (Amnokgang) at Sinuiju
Sinuiju
and Dandong

Economy[edit] The river is important for hydroelectric power, and one of the largest hydroelectric dams in Asia is in Sup'ung Dam, 106 m high and over 850 m long, located upstream from Sinuiju, North Korea. The dam has created an artificial lake over a portion of the river, called Sapung Lake. In addition the river is used for transportation, particularly of lumber from its forested banks. The river provides fish for the local population. Downstream of Sup'ung is the Taipingwan Dam. Upstream of Sup'ung is the Yunfeng Dam. Both dams produce hydroelectric power as well. In the river delta upstream from Dandong
Dandong
and adjacent to Hushan, there are several North Korean villages. Economic conditions in these villages have been described as poor, without access to electricity.[7] Crossings[edit]

Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, Dandong, China
China
– Sinŭiju, North Korea Ji'an Yalu River
River
Border Railway Bridge, Ji'an China
China
– Manp'o, North Korea New Yalu River
River
Bridge, under construction between Dandong, China
China
and Sinŭiju, North Korea

See also[edit]

China– North Korea
North Korea
border Geography of China Geography of North Korea List of China-related topics List of Korea-related topics List of rivers of Asia

References[edit]

^ Entire paragraph taken from Earth Snapshot Website. (March 25, 2011). Sediments in Korea Bay
Korea Bay
and Incheon Bay, North and South Korea. Retrieved from http://www.eosnap.com/tag/yalu-river/ ^ "A trip to the North Korea- China
China
border, in photos". NK News. 29 May 2015.  ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. (December 5, 2011). Yalu River. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/651445/Yalu-River ^ "Amrok River
River
estuary". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-25.  ^ Jeong Woo-sang (10 June 2011). "What Is Hwanggumpyong Island?". Digital Chosun. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DyqUw0WYwoc ^ "We took a boatride on the Yalu River
River
across the Sino-Korean Border. Here's what we saw". visitthedprk.org. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yalu River.

Encyclopædia Britannica  "Ya-lu-kiang". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

v t e

Jilin
Jilin
topics

Changchun
Changchun
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Changbai Mountains Yalu River Tumen River Liao River Songhua River Nen River

Education

Jilin
Jilin
University Northeast Normal University Jilin
Jilin
Normal University

Culture

Music

Visitor attractions

Gungnae
Gungnae
City Tomb of the General Paektu Mountain Heaven Lake Ancient Tombs at Longtou Mountain Mausoleum of Princess Jeonghyo

Category Commons

v t e

Major rivers of China

Seven Great Rivers of Eastern China Yangtze
Yangtze
· Yellow · Pearl · Heilongjiang · Huai · Hai · Liao

Yangtze
Yangtze
system

Yalong Min Dadu Qingyi (Sichuan) Tuo Jialing Bailong Fu (Sichuan) Qu Wu Hanshui Muma Chi Du Bao Qing Chishui Xiang

Xiao Lei Mi

Zi Yuan Lishui Miluo Gan Fu (Jiangxi) Xin Qingyi (Anhui) Qinhuai Xitiao Huangpu Suzhou Creek

Yellow system

Daxia Tao Qingshui Wuding Fen Wei Jing Luo (Henan) Luo (Shaanxi) Qin Xiaoqing

Pearl system

North East Han (Guangdong) Mei Ting West Yujiang Yong Xun Qian Hongshui Nanpan Beipan Rong Li (Guangxi) Gui Liu

Heilongjiang system

Songhua 2nd Songhua Nen Mudan Ussuri Argun Kherlen Woken Huifa

Huai system

Guo Ying Shiguan Quan Hui Hong

Hai system

Chaobai Yongding Hutuo Ziya Daqing Wenyu Juma Sanggan Fuyang Wei Ju Jiyunhe

Liao system

Hun Taizi Xar Moron Xinkai Western Liao Eastern Liao

Other major rivers

Tarim Black Karatash Ili Shule Tumen Yalu Luan Red Minjiang Longjiang Lancang Beilun Nujiang Lion Spring Elephant Spring Yarlung Tsangpo (Horse Spring) Nyang Subansiri Irtysh Suifen Qiantang Puyang Jiao (Shandong) Dai Si Shu Cao'e Jiao (Zhejiang) Ou Mulan Jin (Fujian) Nandu Wanquan Taping

Major canals

Grand Canal Lingqu North Jiangsu Main Irrigation Canal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 253059281 N

.