Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz
Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz (Polish: Jakub Izaak Rabinowicz;
1766–1813), also known as the Yid Hakodosh (Yiddish: ייִד
הקדוש; Hebrew: היהודי הקדוש, HaYehudi HaKadosh, "The
Holy Jew"), was the founder of the Peshischa (פשיסחא,
Yiddish) sect of
Hasidism in Przysucha, Poland, which was "an elitist,
Hasidism that centered on Talmudic study and formed a
counterpoint to the miracle-centered
Hasidism of Lublin." He held
court in the grand synagogue of Przysucha.
He was born in 1766. A disciple of The Seer of Lublin, from whom he
broke, and the teacher of Rabbi Simcha Bunim of Peshischa, to whom was
passed the helm of his yeshiva, he was also the patriarch of the Biala
Hasidic dynasty. His break from The Seer is dramatically recounted in
Martin Buber's Gog Und Magog, published in English as For the Sake of
Heaven. He died in 1813.
His teachings are documented in the post-humous work, Wonders of the
Holy Jew (נפלאות היהודי). Peshischa Hasidism
transmogrified into both Izhbitz and Ger Hasidism, the latter being
one of the world's largest contemporary Hasidic sects.
^ Shapiro, Rami M. (2003). Hasidic Tales: Annotated & explained.
Skylight Paths Publishing. p. xxxix.
^ Dynner, Glenn Davis (2009), "Pshiskhe Hasidic Dynasty," The YIVO
Encyclopedia of Jews of Eastern Europe, YIVO.