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Yōrō
Yōrō
(養老) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Reiki and before Jinki. This period spanned the years from November 717 through February 724.[1] The reigning empress was Genshō-tennō (元正天皇).[2]

Contents

1 Change of era 2 Events of the Yōrō
Yōrō
era 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links

Change of era[edit]

717 Yōrō
Yōrō
gannen (養老元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Reiki 3, on the 17th day of the 11th month of 717.[3]

Events of the Yōrō
Yōrō
era[edit]

717 ( Yōrō
Yōrō
1, 3rd month): The sadaijin Isonokami no Maro
Isonokami no Maro
died at age 78.[4] 717 ( Yōrō
Yōrō
1, 9th month): Empress Genshō
Empress Genshō
traveled through Ōmi Province where she was met by the lords of the San'indō, the San'yōdō
San'yōdō
and the Nankaidō; and she was entertained with singing and dancing. From there, she traveled to Mino Province
Mino Province
where the lords of the Tōkaidō, Tōsandō
Tōsandō
and Hokurikudō
Hokurikudō
who rendered similar honors and entertainments.[5] 718 ( Yōrō
Yōrō
2): Revisions and commentaries on the Taihō Code
Taihō Code
are issued; and these changes are collectively known as the Yōrō
Yōrō
Code (養老律令, Yōrō-ritsuryō).[6] 721 ( Yōrō
Yōrō
5, 5th month): The newly completed Nihon Shoki
Nihon Shoki
in 30 volumes was offered to the Empress.[7] 721 ( Yōrō
Yōrō
5, 5th month): The udaijin Fujiwara Fuhito
Fujiwara Fuhito
died at age 62.[8] 721 ( Yōrō
Yōrō
5, 5th month): The former- Empress Genmei
Empress Genmei
died at age 61.[8]

Notes[edit]

^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Yōro" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1058, p. 1058, at Google Books. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 65–67; Brown, Delmer M. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 271–272; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 140–141. ^ Brown, p. 272. ^ Titsingh, p. 65. ^ Titsingh, pp. 65–66. ^ Asakawa, Kan'ichi. (1903). The Early Institutional Life of Japan: A Study in the Reform of 645, p. 13. ^ Titsingh, p. 66. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 67.

References[edit]

Asakawa, Kan'ichi. (1903). The Early Institutional Life of Japan. Tokyo: Shueisha. OCLC 4427686; see online, multi-formatted, full-text book at openlibrary.org Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links[edit]

National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection

Preceded by Reiki Era or nengō Yōrō 717–724 Succeeded by Jinki

v t e

Japanese era names (nengō) by period

538–1264

Asuka Heian Heian (cont'd) Heian (cont'd) Heian (cont'd) Heian (cont'd) Kamakura (cont'd)

645–650 Taika

650–654 Hakuchi

686–686 Shuchō

701–704 Taihō

704–708 Keiun

708–715 Wadō

 

Nara

715–717 Reiki

717–724 Yōrō

724–729 Jinki

729–749 Tenpyō

749 Tenpyō-kanpō

749–757 Tenpyō-shōhō

757–765 Tenpyō-hōji

765–767 Tenpyō-jingo

767–770 Jingo-keiun

770–781 Hōki

781–782 Ten'ō

782–806 Enryaku

806–810 Daidō

810–824 Kōnin

824–834 Tenchō

834–848 Jōwa

848–851 Kajō

851–854 Ninju

854–857 Saikō

857–859 Ten'an

859–877 Jōgan

877–885 Gangyō

885–889 Ninna

889–898 Kanpyō

898–901 Shōtai

901–923 Engi

923–931 Enchō

931–938 Jōhei

938–947 Tengyō

947–957 Tenryaku

957–961 Tentoku

961–964 Ōwa

964–968 Kōhō

968–970 Anna

970–973 Tenroku

973–976 Ten'en

976–978 Jōgen

978–983 Tengen

983–985 Eikan

985–987 Kanna

987–988 Eien

988–990 Eiso

990–995 Shōryaku

995–999 Chōtoku

999–1004 Chōhō

1004–1012 Kankō

1012–1017 Chōwa

1017–1021 Kannin

1021–1024 Jian

1024–1028 Manju

1028–1037 Chōgen

1037–1040 Chōryaku

1040–1044 Chōkyū

1044–1046 Kantoku

1046–1053 Eishō

1053–1058 Tengi

1058–1065 Kōhei

1065–1069 Jiryaku

1069–1074 Enkyū

1074–1077 Jōhō

1077–1081 Jōryaku

1081–1084 Eihō

1084–1087 Ōtoku

1087–1094 Kanji

1094–1096 Kahō

1096–1097 Eichō

1097–1099 Jōtoku

1099–1104 Kōwa

1104–1106 Chōji

1106–1108 Kajō

1108–1110 Tennin

1110–1113 Ten'ei

1113–1118 Eikyū

1118–1120 Gen'ei

1120–1124 Hōan

1124–1126 Tenji

1126–1131 Daiji

1131–1132 Tenshō

1132–1135 Chōshō

1135–1141 Hōen

1141–1142 Eiji

1142–1144 Kōji

1144–1145 Ten'yō

1145–1151 Kyūan

1151–1154 Ninpei

1154–1156 Kyūju

1156–1159 Hōgen

1159–1160 Heiji

1160–1161 Eiryaku

1161–1163 Ōhō

1163–1165 Chōkan

1165–1166 Eiman

1166–1169 Nin'an

1169–1171 Kaō

1171–1175 Jōan

1175–1177 Angen

1177–1181 Jishō

1181–1182 Yōwa

1182–1184 Juei

1184–1185 Genryaku

 

Kamakura

1185–1190 Bunji

1190–1199 Kenkyū

1199–1201 Shōji

1201–1204 Kennin

1204–1206 Genkyū

1206–1207 Ken'ei

1207–1211 Jōgen

1211–1213 Kenryaku

1213–1219 Kempo

1219–1222 Jōkyū

1222–1224 Jōō

1224–1225 Gennin

1225–1227 Karoku

1227–1229 Antei

1229–1232 Kangi

1232–1233 Jōei

1233–1234 Tenpuku

1234–1235 Bunryaku

1235–1238 Katei

1238–1239 Ryakunin

1239–1240 En'ō

1240–1243 Ninji

1243–1247 Kangen

1247–1249 Hōji

1249–1256 Kenchō

1256–1257 Kōgen

1257–1259 Shōka

1259–1260 Shōgen

1260–1261 Bun'ō

1261–1264 Kōchō

1264–present

Kamakura (cont'd) Nanboku-chō Nanboku-chō Muromachi (cont'd) Momoyama Edo (cont'd) Modern Japan

1264–1275 Bun'ei

1275–1278 Kenji

1278–1288 Kōan

1288–1293 Shōō

1293–1299 Einin

1299–1302 Shōan

1302–1303 Kengen

1303–1306 Kagen

1306–1308 Tokuji

1308–1311 Enkyō

1311–1312 Ōchō

1312–1317 Shōwa

1317–1319 Bunpō

1319–1321 Gen'ō

1321–1324 Genkō

1324–1326 Shōchū

1326–1329 Karyaku

1329–1331 Gentoku

1331–1334 Genkōa

1332–1333 Shōkyōb

Northern Court

1334–1338 Kenmu

1338–1342 Ryakuō

1342–1345 Kōei

1345–1350 Jōwa

1350–1352 Kannō

1352–1356 Bunna

1356–1361 Enbun

1361–1362 Kōan

1362–1368 Jōji

1368–1375 Ōan

1375–1379 Eiwa

1379–1381 Kōryaku

1381–1384 Eitoku

1384–1387 Shitoku

1387–1389 Kakei

1389–1390 Kōō

1390–1394 Meitokuc

Southern Court

1334–1336 Kenmu

1336–1340 Engen

1340–1346 Kōkoku

1346–1370 Shōhei

1370–1372 Kentoku

1372–1375 Bunchū

1375–1381 Tenju

1381–1384 Kōwa

1384–1392 Genchūc

 

Muromachi

1394–1428 Ōei

1428–1429 Shōchō

1429–1441 Eikyō

1441–1444 Kakitsu

1444–1449 Bun'an

1449–1452 Hōtoku

1452–1455 Kyōtoku

1455–1457 Kōshō

1457–1460 Chōroku

1460–1466 Kanshō

1466–1467 Bunshō

1467–1469 Ōnin

1469–1487 Bunmei

1487–1489 Chōkyō

1489–1492 Entoku

1492–1501 Meiō

1501–1521 Bunki

1504–1521 Eishō

1521–1528 Daiei

1528–1532 Kyōroku

1532–1555 Tenbun

1555–1558 Kōji

1558–1570 Eiroku

1570–1573 Genki

1573–1592 Tenshō

1592–1596 Bunroku

1596–1615 Keichō

 

Edo

1615–1624 Genna

1624–1644 Kan'ei

1644–1648 Shōhō

1648–1652 Keian

1652–1655 Jōō

1655–1658 Meireki

1658–1661 Manji

1661–1673 Kanbun

1673–1681 Enpō

1681–1684 Tenna

1684–1688 Jōkyō

1688–1704 Genroku

1704–1711 Hōei

1711–1716 Shōtoku

1716–1736 Kyōhō

1736–1741 Genbun

1741–1744 Kanpō

1744–1748 Enkyō

1748–1751 Kan'en

1751–1764 Hōreki

1764–1772 Meiwa

1772–1781 An'ei

1781–1789 Tenmei

1789–1801 Kansei

1801–1804 Kyōwa

1804–1818 Bunka

1818–1830 Bunsei

1830–1844 Tenpō

1844–1848 Kōka

1848–1854 Kaei

1854–1860 Ansei

1860–1861 Man'en

1861–1864 Bunkyū

1864–1865 Genji

1865–1868 Keiō

1868–1912 Meiji

1912–1926 Taishō

1926–1989 Shōwa

1989–2019 Heisei d

2019– Untitled era

a Not recognized by the Northern Court, which retained Gentoku
Gentoku
until 1332. b Not recognized by the Southern Court. c Genchū
Genchū
discontinued upon reunification of the Northern and Southern Courts in 1392 and Meitoku
Meitoku
retained until 1394.

d The Heisei era will officially conclude on 30 April 2019 when Akihito intends to abdicate, as which his son Naruhito intends to become the new Emperor and

.