Xuyi County (simplified Chinese: 盱眙县; traditional Chinese:
盱眙縣; pinyin: Xūyí Xiàn) is under the administration of
Jiangsu province, China. The southernmost of Huai'an's
county-level divisions, it borders the prefecture-level cities of
Suqian to the north and
Chuzhou (Anhui) to the south and west. Xuyi is
noted for production of crayfish.
3 Historical sites
4 External links
The meaning of Xuyi is debatable, and there are two major accounts.
For one: sited on the top of a hill, the ancient city afforded a
extensive view of the vicinity. In the ancient Chinese, "xu" means
have one's eyes opened wide, while "yu" means look straight ahead.
Thus, it was named after Xuyi, the posture of looking out. For
another, it was named after Xuyi, a eastern hill outside the city.
Ming Ancestors Mausoleum
When the ancient city of Sizhou whelmed in the Hongze Lake, its seat
was transferred to the county in 1680.
For the sake of managing the Hongze Lake, Xuyi was annexed to Jiangsu
in 1955, along with Sihong.
A famous local site are the ruins of the Ming Ancestors' Mausoleum
(明祖陵; Míngzǔlíng), built by the first Ming emperor Zhu
Yuanzhang in honor of his ancestors who lived here.
The mausoleum site was flooded ca. 1680, when the
Yellow River changed
its course, merged with the Huai River, and the
Hongze Lake appeared.
(The nearby Ming-era city of Sizhou (泗州) was completely flooded by
the same lake as well). In the 1960s, the lake waters receded; the
stone figures of the mausoleum's
Spirit way were subsequently
recovered from the mud and re-erected. (33°5′7″N
118°28′18″E / 33.08528°N 118.47167°E / 33.08528;
Xuyi County English guide (Jiangsu.NET)
Google (2014-07-02). "Xuyi" (Map).
Google Maps. Google. Retrieved
^ 說文解字 Shuowen jiezi[Explanation of Single Component Graphs
and Analysis of Composite Characters], vol.4:
^ 讀史方輿紀要[Essentials of Geography for Reading History],
^ Draft History of Qing, vol.59: "東：盱眙山，縣以此名".
^ 江苏省志·水利志 [Gazetteers of Jiangsu: Water Resources
Gazetteer]. 2001. pp. 700–761. ISBN 7-80643-555-7.
^ Eric N. Danielson, "The Ming Ancestor Tomb". China Heritage
Quarterly, No. 16, December 2008.
County-level divisions of