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Xuyi County
Xuyi County
(simplified Chinese: 盱眙县; traditional Chinese: 盱眙縣; pinyin: Xūyí Xiàn) is under the administration of Huai'an, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province, China. The southernmost of Huai'an's county-level divisions, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Suqian
Suqian
to the north and Chuzhou
Chuzhou
(Anhui) to the south and west. Xuyi is noted for production of crayfish.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Historical sites 4 External links 5 Notes

Etymology[edit] The meaning of Xuyi is debatable, and there are two major accounts. For one: sited on the top of a hill, the ancient city afforded a extensive view of the vicinity. In the ancient Chinese, "xu" means have one's eyes opened wide, while "yu" means look straight ahead.[2] Thus, it was named after Xuyi, the posture of looking out.[3] For another, it was named after Xuyi, a eastern hill outside the city.[4]

Ming Ancestors Mausoleum

History[edit] When the ancient city of Sizhou whelmed in the Hongze Lake, its seat was transferred to the county in 1680. For the sake of managing the Hongze Lake, Xuyi was annexed to Jiangsu in 1955, along with Sihong.[5] Historical sites[edit] A famous local site are the ruins of the Ming Ancestors' Mausoleum (明祖陵; Míngzǔlíng), built by the first Ming emperor Zhu Yuanzhang in honor of his ancestors who lived here. The mausoleum site was flooded ca. 1680, when the Yellow River
Yellow River
changed its course, merged with the Huai River, and the Hongze Lake appeared. (The nearby Ming-era city of Sizhou (泗州) was completely flooded by the same lake as well). In the 1960s, the lake waters receded; the stone figures of the mausoleum's Spirit way
Spirit way
were subsequently recovered from the mud and re-erected. (33°5′7″N 118°28′18″E / 33.08528°N 118.47167°E / 33.08528; 118.47167)[6] External links[edit]

Xuyi County
Xuyi County
English guide (Jiangsu.NET)

Notes[edit]

^ Google
Google
(2014-07-02). "Xuyi" (Map). Google
Google
Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.  ^ 說文解字 Shuowen jiezi[Explanation of Single Component Graphs and Analysis of Composite Characters], vol.4: "盱:張目也...眙:直視也". ^ 讀史方輿紀要[Essentials of Geography for Reading History], vol.21: "盱眙者,城居山上,可以矚遠也". ^ Draft History of Qing, vol.59: "東:盱眙山,縣以此名". ^ 江苏省志·水利志 [Gazetteers of Jiangsu: Water Resources Gazetteer]. 2001. pp. 700–761. ISBN 7-80643-555-7.  ^ Eric N. Danielson, "The Ming Ancestor Tomb". China Heritage Quarterly, No. 16, December 2008.

v t e

County-level divisions of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Nanjing

Xuanwu District Qinhuai District Jianye District Gulou District Pukou District Luhe District Qixia District Yuhuatai District Jiangning District Lishui District Gaochun District

Prefecture-level cities

Wuxi

Binhu District Huishan District Xishan District Liangxi District Xinwu District Jiangyin
Jiangyin
City Yixing
Yixing
City

Xuzhou

Yunlong District Gulou District Jiawang District Tongshan District Quanshan District Pizhou
Pizhou
City Xinyi City Suining County Pei County Feng County

Changzhou

Zhonglou District Tianning District Xinbei District Wujin District Jintan District Liyang
Liyang
City

Suzhou

Gusu District Huqiu District Wuzhong District Xiangcheng District Wujiang District Kunshan
Kunshan
City Taicang
Taicang
City Changshu
Changshu
City Zhangjiagang
Zhangjiagang
City

Nantong

Chongchuan District Gangzha District Tongzhou District Haimen
Haimen
City Qidong City Rugao
Rugao
City Rudong County Hai'an County

Lianyungang

Haizhou District Lianyun District Ganyu District Guanyun County Donghai County Guannan County

Huai'an

Qingjiangpu District Huai'an
Huai'an
District Huaiyin District Hongze District Jinhu County Xuyi County Lianshui County

Yancheng

Tinghu District Yandu District Dafeng District Dongtai
Dongtai
City Sheyang County Funing County Binhai County Xiangshui County Jianhu County

Yangzhou

Guangling District Hanjiang District Jiangdu District Yizheng
Yizheng
City Gaoyou
Gaoyou
City Baoying County

Zhenjiang

Jingkou District Runzhou District Dantu District Yangzhong
Yangzhong
City Danyang City Jurong City

Taizhou

Hailing District Gaogang District Jiangyan District Jingjiang
Jingjiang
City Taixing
Taixing
City Xinghua City

Suqian

Sucheng District Suyu District Shuyang County Siyang Co

.