Xu Fu (Hsu Fu; Chinese: 徐福 or 徐巿; pinyin: Xú Fú;
Wade–Giles: Hsu2 Fu2; Japanese: 徐福 Jofuku or 徐巿 Jofutsu;
Korean: 서복 Seo Bok or 서불 Seo Bul) was born in 255 BC in Qi, an
ancient Chinese state, and probably died in between 195 and 155 BC. He
served as a court sorcerer in
Qin Dynasty China. Later, he was sent by
Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang to the eastern seas twice to look for the elixir of
life. His two journeys occurred between 219 BC and 210 BC. It was
believed that the fleet included 60 barques and around 5,000 crew
members, 3,000 boys and girls, and craftsmen of different fields.
After he embarked on a second mission in 210 BC, he never
4 External links
The expedition in search of the medicine for immortality.
The ruler of Qin, Qin Shi Huang, feared death and sought a way to live
forever. He entrusted
Xu Fu with the task of finding the secret of
immortality. In 219 BC,
Xu Fu was sent with three thousand virgin boys
and girls to retrieve the elixir of life from the immortals on the
Penglai Mountain, including Anqi Sheng, who was purportedly a magician
who was already a thousand years old. Xu sailed for several years
without finding the mountain. In 210 BC, when
Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang questioned
Xu Fu claimed there was a giant sea creature blocking the path,
and asked for archers to kill the creature.
Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang agreed, and
sent archers to kill a giant fish. Xu then set sail again, but he
never returned from this trip. The
Records of the Grand Historian
Records of the Grand Historian says
he came to a place with "flat plains and wide swamps" (平原廣澤)
and proclaimed himself king, never to return.
Later historical texts were also unclear on the location of Xu's final
destination. Sanguo Zhi, Book of Later Han, and Guadi Zhi all state
that he landed in "Danzhou" (亶州), but the whereabouts of Danzhou
are unknown. Finally, more than 1,100 years after Xu Fu's final
voyage, monk Yichu wrote during the
Later Zhou (AD 951-960) of the
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period that
Xu Fu landed in Japan, and
Xu Fu named
Mount Fuji as Penglai. This is the "Legend of Xu
Japan as evidenced by the many memorials to him there.
Those who support the theory that
Xu Fu landed in
Japan credit him
with being the catalyst for the development of ancient Japanese
society. The Jōmon culture which had existed in ancient
over 6,000 years suddenly disappeared around 300 BC. The farming
techniques and knowledge that Xu brought along are said to have
improved the quality of life of the ancient Japanese people and he is
said to have introduced many new plants and techniques to ancient
Japan. The worship of
Xu Fu as the "God of farming", "God of medicine"
and "God of silk" by the Japanese is attributed to these achievements.
Numerous temples and memorials of Xu can be found in many places in
Japan. In Xuzhou, there is a
Xu Fu Research Institute attached to
Xuzhou Teachers College.
The fictional character Xu Fu, who appears in comics published by
Marvel Comics, is based on him.
Frank Zhang, one of the central characters of Rick Riordan's The
Heroes of Olympus series, is mentioned as being a descendant of Xu Fu.
Jofuku Park in Shingu, Wakayama Prefecture is dedicated to him
^ Note: Not to be confused with the character 市
^ a b c Lee, Khoon Choy Lee. Choy, Lee K.  (1995).
Japan--between Myth and Reality: Between Myth and Reality. World
Scientific publishing. ISBN 981-02-1865-6,
^ Liu, Hong. The Chinese Overseas: Routledge Library of Modern China.
Published by Taylor & Francis,  (2006).
ISBN 0-415-33859-X, 9780415338592.
^ Jonathan Maberry (w), Phil Winslade (a). "Part 3"
Captain America: Hail Hydra 3 (May 2011), New York City: Marvel
Article at CRIENGLISH.com
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