Xiong Yi (Chinese: 熊繹; pinyin: Xióng Yì, reigned 11th century
BC) was the first viscount and an early ruler of the State of Chu
Zhou Dynasty of ancient China. Son of Xiong Kuang, he was
a descendant of the
Yellow Emperor and
Zhuanxu through his
Xiong Yi lived at the time of
King Cheng of Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou (reigned 1042–1021
BC) who wished to honor the most loyal officials of his predecessors
King Wu of Zhou
King Wu of Zhou and King Wen of Zhou. The king summoned a meeting with
Xiong Yi and the other vassal lords at Qiyang (岐陽) (northeast of
modern-day Qishan County, Shaanxi Province) where
Xiong Yi swore
allegiance to the King and became keeper of the Maojue (茅蕝)[A] in
the order of precedence. Along with the
Xianbei clan leader he was
also appointed joint guardian of the ritual torch (守燎). At the
same meeting, as a result of his ancestors’ loyal service to the
former kings of Zhou,
Xiong Yi received a grant of land around Danyang
(丹阳) (modern day Xichuan County, Henan Province) where he built
the first capital of Chu. He then began the arduous task of clearing
the thorny undergrowth from the foothills of the
Jingshan Mountains so
that his people could build Chu and make sacrifices to the Zhou king.
King Cheng also gave
Xiong Yi the hereditary title of Zĭ (子),
roughly equivalent to a viscount.
At some time during Xiong Yi’s reign, vassal state leaders Duke Ding
of Qi, Count Kang of Wey (卫康伯),
Xie, Marquis of Jin
Xie, Marquis of Jin and Bo Qin,
Duke of Lu met with King Kang of Zhou. The king gave each of the three
vassal leaders a precious treasure without involving the Chu ruler.
Later on, during the
Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period in 530 BCE, King Ling of
Chu would once more raise the issue of Chu’s exclusion.
Xiong Yi was succeeded as ruler of Chu by his son Xiong Ai.
^ The title keeper of the Maojue (茅蕝) refers to the bundle of
reeds and coarse grass used to strain wine prior to its use as a
Yang Bojun (1990). Annotated
Zuo Zhuan 《春秋左传注》.
Zhonghua Publishing (中华书局). p. 1339.
Rites of Zhou
Rites of Zhou Tian Guan Dian Shi 《周礼．天官．甸师》.
House of Mi
as Ruler of Chu
Viscount of Chu
11th century BC
Monarchs of Chu
Xiong Yan (elder)
Xiong Yan (younger)
This article is partly based on a translation of 熊繹 in