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Xiong Yi (Chinese: 熊繹; pinyin: Xióng Yì, reigned 11th century BC) was the first viscount and an early ruler of the State of Chu during early Zhou Dynasty
Zhou Dynasty
of ancient China. Son of Xiong Kuang, he was a descendant of the Yellow Emperor
Yellow Emperor
and Zhuanxu
Zhuanxu
through his great-grandfather Yuxiong. Biographical sketch[edit] Xiong Yi lived at the time of King Cheng of Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou
(reigned 1042–1021 BC) who wished to honor the most loyal officials of his predecessors King Wu of Zhou
King Wu of Zhou
and King Wen of Zhou. The king summoned a meeting with Xiong Yi and the other vassal lords at Qiyang (岐陽) (northeast of modern-day Qishan County, Shaanxi Province) where Xiong Yi swore allegiance to the King and became keeper of the Maojue (茅蕝)[A] in the order of precedence. Along with the Xianbei
Xianbei
clan leader he was also appointed joint guardian of the ritual torch (守燎). At the same meeting, as a result of his ancestors’ loyal service to the former kings of Zhou, Xiong Yi received a grant of land around Danyang (丹阳) (modern day Xichuan County, Henan Province) where he built the first capital of Chu. He then began the arduous task of clearing the thorny undergrowth from the foothills of the Jingshan Mountains
Jingshan Mountains
so that his people could build Chu and make sacrifices to the Zhou king. King Cheng also gave Xiong Yi the hereditary title of Zĭ (子), roughly equivalent to a viscount. At some time during Xiong Yi’s reign, vassal state leaders Duke Ding of Qi, Count Kang of Wey (卫康伯), Xie, Marquis of Jin
Xie, Marquis of Jin
and Bo Qin, Duke of Lu met with King Kang of Zhou. The king gave each of the three vassal leaders a precious treasure without involving the Chu ruler. Later on, during the Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period
in 530 BCE, King Ling of Chu would once more raise the issue of Chu’s exclusion.[1] Xiong Yi was succeeded as ruler of Chu by his son Xiong Ai. Notes[edit]

^ The title keeper of the Maojue (茅蕝) refers to the bundle of reeds and coarse grass used to strain wine prior to its use as a sacrificial offering[2]

References[edit]

^ Yang Bojun
Yang Bojun
(1990). Annotated Zuo Zhuan
Zuo Zhuan
《春秋左传注》. Zhonghua Publishing (中华书局).  p. 1339. ^ Rites of Zhou
Rites of Zhou
Tian Guan Dian Shi 《周礼.天官.甸师》.

Xiong Yi House of Mi

Regnal titles

Preceded by Xiong Kuang as Ruler of Chu Viscount
Viscount
of Chu 11th century BC Succeeded by Xiong Ai

v t e

Monarchs of Chu

Early rulers

Jilian Yingbo Yuxiong Xiong Li Xiong Kuang

Viscounts

Xiong Yi Xiong Ai Xiong Dan Xiong Sheng Xiong Yang Xiong Qu Xiong Kang Xiong Zhi Xiong Yan (elder) Xiong Yong Xiong Yan (younger) Xiong Shuang Xiong Xun Xiong E Ruo'ao Xiao'ao Fenmao

Kings

King Wu King Wen Du'ao King Cheng King Mu King Zhuang King Gong King Kang Jia'ao King Ling Zi'ao King Ping King Zhao King Hui King Jian King Sheng King Dao King Su King Xuan King Wei King Huai King Qingxiang King Kaolie King You King Ai Fuchu Lord Changping

This article is partly based on a translation of 熊繹 in

.