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Xining
Xining
(Chinese: 西宁 Xīníng [ɕí.nǐŋ]; Standard Tibetan: ཟི་ལིང་། Ziling) is the capital of Qinghai
Qinghai
province in western China,[1] and the largest city on the Tibetan Plateau. It has 2,208,708 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,198,304 live in the built up area made of 4 urban districts.[2] The city was a commercial hub along the Northern Silk Road's Hexi Corridor for over 2000 years, and was a stronghold of the Han, Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties' resistance against nomadic attacks from the west. Although long a part of Gansu
Gansu
province, Xining
Xining
was added to Qinghai
Qinghai
in 1928. Xining
Xining
holds sites of religious significance to Muslims and Buddhists, including the Dongguan Mosque
Dongguan Mosque
and Ta'er Monastery. The city lies in the Huangshui River
Huangshui River
valley, and owing to its high altitude, has a cold semi-arid climate. It is connected by rail to Lhasa, Tibet
Tibet
and connected by high-speed rail to Lanzhou, Gansu
Gansu
and Ürümqi, Xinjiang.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography and climate

2.1 River management 2.2 Air quality

3 Economy

3.1 Economic and Technological Development Zones

4 Population

4.1 Demographics 4.2 Ethnic diversity 4.3 Religion

5 Administrative divisions 6 Education

6.1 Colleges and universities 6.2 Private schools

7 Tourism 8 Transportation

8.1 Railway 8.2 Air 8.3 Highway

9 Food 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Xining
Xining
has a history of over 2,100 years[3] and was a chief commercial hub on the Hexi Corridor
Hexi Corridor
caravan route to Tibet, handling especially timber, wool and salt in ancient times. The trade along the Hexi Corridor was part of a larger trade corridor along the Northern Silk Road, whose use was intensified in the 1st century BC after efforts by the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
to control this route.[4] Under the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
(206 BC – 220 AD) a county called Linqiang was established to control the local Qiang tribesmen. It was again a frontier county under the Sui (581–618) and Tang (618–907) dynasties; during the 7th and early 8th centuries it was a center of constant warfare with Tuyuhun
Tuyuhun
and Tibet. In 763, it was overrun by the Tibetans and while under Tibetan control was known to the Chinese as Qingtangcheng. Recovered by the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
in 1104, it received the name Xining
Xining
(meaning "peace in the west") and has been the seat of a prefecture or superior prefecture under that name since that time. In the late 16th century, the Kumbum Monastery
Kumbum Monastery
was founded some 19 km (12 mi) to the southeast, establishing Xining
Xining
as an important religious center for the Gelug
Gelug
School of Buddhists. A major earthquake occurred May 22, 1927, measuring at a magnitude of 7.6. It was one of the deadliest earthquakes in China
China
with a total count of over 40,000 deaths. It also caused large land fractures. Xining
Xining
was the extraterritorial capital of the Koko Nor
Koko Nor
territory and remained in Gansu
Gansu
until 1928, when it became the provincial capital of the newly established independent province of Qinghai.[5][6] Xining
Xining
was subjected to aerial bombardment by Japanese warplanes in 1941 during the Second-Sino Japanese War. The bombing spurred all ethnicities in Qinghai, including the local Qinghai
Qinghai
Mongols and Qinghai
Qinghai
Tibetans, against the Japanese.[7][8] The Salar Muslim General Han Youwen directed the defense of the city of Xining
Xining
during air raids by Japanese planes. Han survived an aerial bombardment by Japanese planes in Xining
Xining
while he was being directed via telephone from Ma Bufang, who hid in an air raid shelter in a military barracks. The bombing resulted in human flesh splattering a Blue Sky with a White Sun flag and Han being buried in rubble. Han Youwen was dragged out of the rubble while bleeding and he managed to grab a machine gun while he was limping and fired back at the Japanese warplanes and cursed the Japanese as dogs in his native Salar language.[9][10][11][12] Ma Bukang and Ma Bufang
Ma Bufang
were having a discussion on Ma Biao when Japanese warplanes bombed Xining.[13] Xining
Xining
was given municipal status in 1945. Under the rule of Governor Ma Bufang, Xining, like the rest of Qinghai, underwent industrialization and modernization. In 1947 the USA sold Ma Bufang
Ma Bufang
a piped water (sewage) system which was installed in Xining.[14] Ma Bufang
Ma Bufang
also promoted education. He made businessmen methodically clean up Xining
Xining
by serving as insect exterminators, killing flies and neatly throwing them away.[15] Since the late 1950s, when the Liujia Gorge Dam and hydroelectric project came into operation in neighboring Gansu
Gansu
province, Xining
Xining
has been linked by a high-tension electrical grid to both Liujia and Lanzhou. It also uses local coal from mines at Datongxian to the north. A modern woollen mill was installed at Xining
Xining
before 1957. The city also has a leather industry and is a market for salt from the Qaidam
Qaidam
region. During the late 1950s medium-sized iron and steelworks were built there, supplying metal to Lanzhou. Construction of a highway to the mineral-rich Qaidam
Qaidam
basin, and completion in 1959 a link to the Chinese rail network via Lanzhou
Lanzhou
in Gansu
Gansu
province, has spurred industrial development. This effort was part of a plan of the central government to rapidly exploit oil and pasturage in the Xining
Xining
area beginning in the 1950s.[16] Geography and climate[edit]

Xining

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    1.2     1 −14

    2.2     4 −10

    7     10 −4

    19     16 2

    43     20 6

    59     23 10

    88     25 12

    74     24 11

    54     19 8

    21     14 2

    3.9     8 −6

    1.2     3 −12

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: CMA

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0     35 8

    0.1     40 14

    0.3     49 25

    0.7     61 35

    1.7     68 43

    2.3     73 49

    3.5     76 53

    2.9     75 52

    2.1     66 46

    0.8     57 35

    0.2     46 22

    0     37 11

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Xining
Xining
is located in the eastern part of Qinghai
Qinghai
Province and lies on the Huangshui River. It has a total area of 350 km2 (140 sq mi).[dubious – discuss] Xining
Xining
is located on the eastern edge of the Qinghai– Tibet
Tibet
Plateau and the upper reaches of the Huangshui River. It is the political, economic, and cultural center of Qinghai
Qinghai
Province with an average altitude of about 2,200 metres (7,200 ft). Human activity in the region can be traced to 2,100 years ago. During the Western and Eastern Han dynasties, owing to its developing agriculture, Xining
Xining
was paid noticed due to its economic and military significance. As well as being an important hinge between the Central Plains and the western part of China
China
in ancient times, Xining
Xining
was an important link in the Silk Road. It continues to be an important rail and road link to the hinterlands of the Qinghai– Tibet
Tibet
Plateau. Xining
Xining
has also been dubbed the Summer Resort Capital of China
China
owing to its cool summer, with a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk). Conditions are influenced by the aridity and high altitude. Nights are cold or cool throughout the year, and the diurnal temperature variation often reaches or exceeds 15 °C (27 °F). The monthly 24-hour average temperatures ranges from −7.4 °C (18.7 °F) in January to 17.3 °C (63.1 °F) in July; the annual mean is 6.10 °C (43.0 °F), still making it one of the warmest locations in Qinghai
Qinghai
due to the low elevation by provincial standards. Rainfall falls mainly from May to September, and the area is often dry and sunny; With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 53 percent in September to 69 percent in November and January, the city receives 2,676 hours of bright sunshine per year. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −26.6 °C (−16 °F) to 36.5 °C (98 °F).[17]

Climate data for Xining
Xining
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 13.9 (57) 20.8 (69.4) 26.2 (79.2) 31.8 (89.2) 30.7 (87.3) 31.9 (89.4) 36.5 (97.7) 34.0 (93.2) 29.9 (85.8) 25.2 (77.4) 19.3 (66.7) 13.3 (55.9) 36.5 (97.7)

Average high °C (°F) 1.4 (34.5) 4.3 (39.7) 9.5 (49.1) 15.9 (60.6) 19.8 (67.6) 22.6 (72.7) 24.6 (76.3) 23.9 (75) 19.0 (66.2) 13.9 (57) 7.8 (46) 2.8 (37) 13.8 (56.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) −7.4 (18.7) −3.9 (25) 1.9 (35.4) 8.1 (46.6) 12.4 (54.3) 15.3 (59.5) 17.3 (63.1) 16.6 (61.9) 12.3 (54.1) 6.6 (43.9) −0.3 (31.5) −5.7 (21.7) 6.1 (43)

Average low °C (°F) −13.6 (7.5) −10 (14) −3.7 (25.3) 1.9 (35.4) 6.3 (43.3) 9.5 (49.1) 11.5 (52.7) 11.1 (52) 7.5 (45.5) 1.5 (34.7) −5.6 (21.9) −11.6 (11.1) 0.4 (32.7)

Record low °C (°F) −24.9 (−12.8) −20.7 (−5.3) −16.9 (1.6) −12.5 (9.5) −2.3 (27.9) 0.2 (32.4) 4.2 (39.6) 3.7 (38.7) −1.1 (30) −12.5 (9.5) −19.0 (−2.2) −26.6 (−15.9) −26.6 (−15.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.2 (0.047) 2.2 (0.087) 7.0 (0.276) 19.0 (0.748) 43.0 (1.693) 59.2 (2.331) 88.2 (3.472) 74.0 (2.913) 54.4 (2.142) 20.5 (0.807) 3.9 (0.154) 1.2 (0.047) 373.8 (14.717)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.7 3.4 5.2 6.5 10.7 14.6 15.0 13.8 13.1 7.3 2.4 2.2 96.9

Average relative humidity (%) 45 44 47 48 53 60 65 66 68 63 54 49 55.2

Mean monthly sunshine hours 209.8 204.9 222.5 241.0 253.9 236.5 243.8 244.4 196.9 208.1 212.7 201.2 2,675.7

Percent possible sunshine 69 67 60 62 58 54 55 58 53 60 69 67 60

Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration[18]

River management[edit] In 2007, the World Bank
World Bank
lent US$1 billion to aid river treatment in Xining, including Sanxian County's anti-flooding project, with an added US$1 billion to support infrastructure. Qinghai
Qinghai
has invested large amounts in the treatment of Huangshui Main River and Nanchuan River, totalling 24.5 km (15.2 mi). However, a treatment on a 40 km (25 mi) river course and 10 flash flood relief channels remain pending due to lack of equipment. In Sanxian County, a 108.4 m (356 ft) long river course and 80 flash flood relief channels need treatment. Air quality[edit] According to a 2011 World Health Organization (based on Chinese statistics), Xining
Xining
has the second worst air quality (annual mean PM10 ug/m3 of 141) among eleven western China
China
cities, and is worse than Beijing
Beijing
(121).[19] Economy[edit]

View of partial Xining
Xining
skyline from the north

The GDP per capita was 49,200 RMB (US$7,897) in 2015. Its main industries are wool spinning and textiles, fur, meat, milk, salt, and light processing industries. Economic and Technological Development Zones[edit]

Xining
Xining
Economic & Technological Development Zone

Xining
Xining
Economic & Technological Development Zone XETDZ) was approved as state-level development zone in July 2000. It has a planned area of 4.4 km2 (1.7 sq mi). XETDZ lies in the east of Xining, 5 km (3.1 mi) away from downtown. The XETDZ is the first of its kind at the national level on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is established to fulfill the nation's strategy of developing the west. XETDZ enjoys a convenient transportation system, connected by the Xining– Lanzhou
Lanzhou
expressway and run through by two main roads, the broadest roads of the city. It is 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the railway station,[which?] 15 km (9.3 mi) from Xining Airport. It focuses on the development of following industries: chemicals based on salt lake resources, nonferrous metals, and petroleum and natural gas processing; special medicine, foods and bio-chemicals using local plateau animals and plants; new products involving ecological and environmental protection, high technology, new materials as well as information technology; and services such as logistics, banking, real estate, tourism, hotel, catering, agency and international trade.[20] Population[edit] Demographics[edit]

Nan Chuan Xi Lu (南川西路); street scene in Xining
Xining
(2001)

According to the 2010 Census, the prefecture-level city of Xining
Xining
has a population of 2,208,708 inhabitants, 229,508 persons more than in 2000 (and the demographic growth for the period 2000–2010 was of 1.1 percent per year).[2][21] At present, four districts, three counties and a national economic and technological development zone are under the administration of the local government. With a population of more than two million, Xining is the first city on the upper reaches of the Yellow River
Yellow River
to achieve a population in the millions. Ethnic diversity[edit] There are about 37 nationalities living here, though only the Han, Hui, Monguor
Monguor
(Tu people in Chinese: 土族) and Tibetan are numerically significant. Local traditions and customs are influenced by the Tibetans, Monguor, Muslims and Han. On 2010 Census numbers, Han Chinese represent 74.04 percent of the total population of Xining, while Hui (16.26 percent), Tibetan (5.51 percent) and Tu (2.6 percent) are the main minority groups in the city.

Religion[edit]

The Dongguan
Dongguan
Mosque.

Located in the southwest part of Xining
Xining
City, the Kumbum Monastery
Kumbum Monastery
or Ta'er Monastery
Ta'er Monastery
is one of six famous monasteries in the Gelug
Gelug
(also called Yellow Hat Sect) of Tibetan Buddhism and has hundreds of monks. Having a history of over 600 years, the Dongguan
Dongguan
Mosque, located in the Xining
Xining
City Zone, is one of the most famous mosques in the northwest region of China. It has splendid and diversiform towers, walls and halls in the mosque. Another unique religious structure is the Beishan Si (North Mountain Temple), a Taoist
Taoist
facility. There are more than 300 Christian meeting points in Xining.[22] The Catholic minority is pastorally served by the (pre-diocesan) Apostolic Prefecture of Xining. Administrative divisions[edit] The municipality oversees seven districts and counties. The data here are presented in km² and in population according to 2010 Census:

Map

1 Chengdong Chengxi Chengbei Datong County Huangzhong County Huangyuan County 1. Chengzhong

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Area (km2) Population (2010) Density (/km2)

Urban

Chengzhong District 城中区 Chéngzhōng Qū 11 296,987 26,999

Chengdong District 城东区 Chéngdōng Qū 115 359,688 3,128

Chengxi District 城西区 Chéngxī Qū 79 242,627 3,071

Chengbei District 城北区 Chéngběi Qū 138 299,002 2,167

Suburban

Huangzhong County 湟中县 Huángzhōng Xiàn 2,430 437,835 180

Rural

Huangyuan County 湟源县 Huángyuán Xiàn 1,609 136,632 85

Datong
Datong
Hui and Tu Autonomous County 大通回族土族自治县 Dàtōng Huízú Tǔzú Zìzhìxiàn 3,090 435,937 139

Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit]

Qinghai
Qinghai
University Qinghai
Qinghai
Normal University Qinghai
Qinghai
University for Nationalities

Private schools[edit] Xining International Academy is an English-language international school. Tourism[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (March 2014)

People's Park, the biggest park in downtown Xining

Transportation[edit]

Jianguo Avenue in Xining, prior to 2013 reconstruction of the railway station

Xining
Xining
is situated in a fertile mountain basin in the valley of the Huangshui (river), a tributary of the Yellow River, that acts as a river port. The city lies about 200 km (120 mi) west of Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu
Gansu
province, on what was traditionally the main trade route from northern China
China
into Tibet
Tibet
and the Qaidam
Qaidam
Basin. These routes are now followed by modern highways. Railway[edit]

Inside the Xining
Xining
railway station

Since 1959 Xining
Xining
has been connected by the Lanzhou– Qinghai
Qinghai
Railway to China's railway network. Later, this railway was extended into the Qaidam
Qaidam
area via Haiyan near Qinghai
Qinghai
Lake to Golmud, and, since 2006, to Lhasa, Tibet. (See the Qinghai– Tibet
Tibet
Railway). The second major railway serving Xining
Xining
is the Lanzhou–Xinjiang High-Speed Railway, opened in December 2014. When first opened, it just provided high-speed train service to Lanzhou
Lanzhou
and Urumqi
Urumqi
(and points in between). Eventually, it will be connected to the rest of the nation's high-speed rail network. Unlike many other Chinese cities, where the conventional and high-speed trains stop at different train stations, Xining
Xining
railway station is served by both types of trains. Thus it can be used as a transfer point for e.g. a passenger traveling from Xinjiang
Xinjiang
to Tibet. Air[edit] Xining Caojiabu Airport
Xining Caojiabu Airport
serves the area with regularly scheduled passenger flights to major Chinese cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Chengdu, Kunming, Xi'an, and Wuhan. Highway[edit]

China
China
National Highway
Highway
214

Food[edit]

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A halal butcher's shop

As the capital of Qinghai
Qinghai
province, Xining
Xining
almost boasts all varieties of local flavors. Xining's cuisine is distinct from other varieties of Chinese cities using mainly food products native to the area. Food here is substantial, but quite inexpensive. In Xining, some restaurants serve varieties of 'plateau flavor', such as Feng'er Liji (a round lamb tenderloin), Danbai Chongcao Ji (a medicine cuisine made of chicken, Chinese caterpillar fungus and eggs), Jinyu Facai (pork wrapped in flagelliform nostoc and shaped as a goldfish) among others. These dishes are often cooked by the locals at home. There are also many small restaurants offering noodles. Gan Ban is a very common noodle dish. Perhaps Mian Pian, which means "noodle leaves" is the most common noodle plate among the Qinghai
Qinghai
people. On the streets, many Muslims sell spicy lamb brochettes. Due to the cold climate, residents of Xining
Xining
are also fond of strong spirits—Xining has the reputation of being one of the heaviest regions of alcohol consumption in China.

References[edit]

^ "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ a b 西宁市2010年第六次人口普查主要数据公报[1]. 西宁市统计局 (in Chinese). 西宁市统计局. 14 May 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ [1] Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Silk Road, North China
China
[Northern Silk Road, North Silk Road] Ancient Trackway : The Megalithic Portal
Portal
and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-07.  ^ Frederick Roelker Wulsin, Joseph Fletcher, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, National Geographic Society (U.S.), Peabody Museum of Salem (1979). Mary Ellen Alonso, ed. China's inner Asian frontier: photographs of the Wulsin expedition to northwest China
China
in 1923 : from the archives of the Peabody Museum, Harvard University, and the National Geographic Society (illustrated ed.). The Museum : distributed by Harvard University Press. p. 49. ISBN 0-674-11968-1. Retrieved 2010-06-28. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) (Original from the University of Michigan) ^ Graham Hutchings (2003). Modern China: a guide to a century of change (illustrated, reprint ed.). Harvard University Press. p. 351. ISBN 0-674-01240-2. Retrieved 2010-06-28.  ^ http://www.krzzjn.com/html/28977.html ^ http://dangshi.people.com.cn/n/2013/0816/c85037-22593706.html ^ http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_76362eba0102vr6f.html ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2011.  ^ http://product.dangdang.com/23762452.html ^ http://www.kunlunpai.cn/thread-1211-1-1.html[permanent dead link] ^ http://3g.nuoha.net/www/book/157471/00037.html ^ "CITY IN WEST CHINA TO GET PIPED WATER; American 'Sells' Warlord at Sining on System to Aid Health --People Suspect Clear Fluid". THE NEW YORK TIMES. 3 February 1947. Retrieved 2010-11-28.  ^ HENRY R. LIEBERMAN (15 September 1948). "ENLIGHTENED RULE BOLSTERS TSINGHAI; General Ma, War Lord, Enjoys Passion for Education -- He Taxes as Need Arises". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-28.  ^ Greg Rohlf (2003-10-01). "Dreams of Oil and Fertile Fields". Mcx.sagepub.com. Retrieved 2014-02-07.  ^ 中国气象科学数据共享服务网 Archived March 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ China
China
Meteorological Administration Archived September 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ WHO report OAP_database_8_2011.xls ^ " Xining
Xining
Economic & Technology Development Zone China Industrial Space". Rightsite.asia. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2014-02-07.  ^ "Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China" (in Chinese). Compilation by LianXin website. Archived from the original on March 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-07.  ^ "Discovering China: CityScape". Library.thinkquest.org. Archived from the original on 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Xining.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Xining.

Xining
Xining
Government Website

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Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

v t e

Provincial capitals of China

Changchun
Changchun
(Jilin) Changsha
Changsha
(Hunan) Chengdu
Chengdu
(Sichuan) Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(Fujian) Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Guangdong) Guiyang
Guiyang
(Guizhou) Haikou
Haikou
(Hainan) Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(Zhejiang) Harbin
Harbin
(Heilongjiang) Hefei
Hefei
(Anhui) Hohhot
Hohhot
(Inner Mongolia) Jinan
Jinan
(Shandong) Kunming
Kunming
(Yunnan) Lanzhou
Lanzhou
(Gansu) Lhasa
Lhasa
(Tibet) Nanchang
Nanchang
(Jiangxi) Nanjing
Nanjing
(Jiangsu) Nanning
Nanning
(Guangxi) Shenyang
Shenyang
(Liaoning) Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
(Hebei) Taibei¹ (Taiwan¹) Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(Shanxi) Ürümqi
Ürümqi
(Xinjiang) Wuhan
Wuhan
(Hubei) Xi'an
Xi'an
(Shaanxi) Xining
Xining
(Qinghai) Yinchuan
Yinchuan
(Ningxia) Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
(Henan)

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247816672 GN

.