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Coordinates: 22°20′19.12″N 120°22′11.34″E / 22.3386444°N 120.3698167°E / 22.3386444; 120.3698167

Liuqiu Township

Township

Liuqiu Township in Pingtung County

Satellite image of Xiaoliuqiu

Country Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan)

County Pingtung County

Government

 • Township Chief Chen Lung-chin

Area

 • Total 6.8 km2 (2.6 sq mi)

Population (December 2014)

 • Total 12,675

 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)

Website http://liuqiu.pthg.gov.tw/liuqiu/web_en.php

Xiaoliuqiu, Little Liuqiu (Chinese: 小琉球; pinyin: Xiǎo Liúqiú) or Lamay Island is an island belonging to Taiwan
Taiwan
administered as Liuqiu Township[1] (琉球鄉; Liúqiú Xiāng) of Pingtung County. It has an area of 6.8 square kilometres (2.6 sq mi) and lies 15 km (8 nautical miles) west of Donggang; it is Taiwan's only large coral island. The eight villages on the island are populated by approximately 13,000 residents with 10 shared surnames.

Contents

1 Etymology and names 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Tourism

3.1 List of scenic spots

4 Administrative divisions 5 Transportation 6 Education

6.1 Primary School 6.2 Junior High School

7 Temples 8 Wildlife 9 Notable natives 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Etymology and names[edit]

"Lambay insel" (German) on an early 20th century map

Lamay (also Lambay or Lamey), formerly the most common English name for the island, is a name that most probably originates from a Taiwanese aboriginal language. Golden Lion Island is another historical English name for the island.[2][3] Two years prior to the beginning of Dutch rule in Taiwan, a Dutch ship named the Golden Lion (Early Modern Dutch: Gouden Leeuw) was wrecked on the coral reefs of the isle. After the Dutch took control of the island, they renamed it Gouden Leeuwseylant ("Golden Lion Island") as a memorial to the crew who were killed by the native inhabitants.[4] In Chinese, Liúqiú originally referred to the island of Taiwan according to the History of Yuan. However, during the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
the term came to mean Lamay Island. However, the same Chinese name also refers to the Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
between Taiwan
Taiwan
and Japan. Thus, Xiao Liuqiu (Chinese: 小琉球; pinyin: Xiǎo Liúqiú; Wade–Giles: Hsiao3 Liu2-ch'iu2; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sió-liû-khiû; literally: "Lesser Liuqiu"; Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Séu Liù-khiù) has been commonly used since the Japanese era, although the island is officially Liuqiu Island (琉球嶼; Liúqiú Yǔ; Liu2-ch'iu2 Yü3; Liû-khiû-sū; Liù-khiù-yí). Variants of this name include Little Liuchiu, Hsiao Liuchiu and Liouciou. During Japanese rule, the island was administered as Ryūkyū Village, Tōkō District, Takao Prefecture. After the Republic of China
Republic of China
took control of Taiwan, the island was administrated under the name Liuqiu Township of Pingtung County, the only island township of the county. Geography[edit]

Little Liuqiu seen from Dapeng Bay, Linbian
Linbian
Township, Pingtung

Located at the southwest coast of Taiwan, Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
is bordered by the Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait to the west and the South China Sea to the South. It is one of Taiwan's largest coral islands and the only one with significant population and human activities. There are no rivers so farming is very difficult. Most residents make their living by fishing. In recent years the island has become noted for cage aquaculture. Climate[edit] Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
has a tropical monsoon climate, with warm temperatures year round with a rainy season from April to October and a dry season with cooler temperatures from November to March of the following year. The sea temperature of the island is above 25 degrees Celsius year round, making it one of the best locations for swimming activities during the winter in Taiwan, as well as allowing up to thousands of species of coral reefs to inhabit the area.

Climate data for Liuqiu Township

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 26.0 (78.8) 26.7 (80.1) 27.5 (81.5) 29.5 (85.1) 31.3 (88.3) 31.7 (89.1) 32.2 (90) 32.0 (89.6) 31.3 (88.3) 30.2 (86.4) 27.8 (82) 26.8 (80.2) 29.42 (84.95)

Average low °C (°F) 18.8 (65.8) 19.1 (66.4) 19.8 (67.6) 22.2 (72) 24.3 (75.7) 25.5 (77.9) 25.8 (78.4) 25.5 (77.9) 25.0 (77) 24.1 (75.4) 21.8 (71.2) 18.8 (65.8) 22.56 (72.59)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 16.0 (0.63) 20.5 (0.807) 38.8 (1.528) 69.8 (2.748) 197.4 (7.772) 415.3 (16.35) 390.9 (15.39) 416.7 (16.406) 241.9 (9.524) 42.7 (1.681) 18.7 (0.736) 16.2 (0.638) 1,884.9 (74.21)

Average relative humidity (%) 75 76 75 77 78 81 80 81 79 76 75 74 77.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 175 167 190 192 200 201 225 196 175 184 167 163 2,235

Source #1: Wunderground
Wunderground
[5]

Source #2: Central Weather Bureau
Central Weather Bureau
(Rainfall data of Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
City is shown for reference due to the island's proximity to Kaohsiung)[6]

Average sea temperature of Xiaoliuqiu

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

25.0 °C (77.0 °F) 25.2 °C (77.4 °F) 25.7 °C (78.3 °F) 26.9 °C (80.4 °F) 28.1 °C (82.6 °F) 29.1 °C (84.4 °F) 29.4 °C (84.9 °F) 29.2 °C (84.6 °F) 28.8 °C (83.8 °F) 28.1 °C (82.6 °F) 27.0 °C (80.6 °F) 25.8 °C (78.4 °F) 27.4 °C (81.3 °F)

Tourism[edit]

Vase Rock

Sanmin Old Street

The Biyun Temple
Temple
during Taiwan's Ghost Festival

Efforts for planned development received a boost after Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
was included in the Dapeng Bay
Dapeng Bay
National Scenic Area in 2004. Tourism gradually got popular mainly since the late 2000s, with increasing media exposure and advertisements. There are hundreds B&Bs or hotels on the island providing service for the tourists, many of which includes packages such as bicycle and motorcycle renting and scuba diving. According to Pingtung county's statistics of tourism, the number of visitors to Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
reached 400,000 per year in 2014,[7][8] a relatively large amount for an island that is only 6.8 km² in size. Some of the best-known local sights include Black Dwarf Cave, Beauty Cave, Houshih Rock Formations, and Venice Beach. Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
is a popular tourist destination and is well known for its ghost stories and rumors of haunted caves. The most famous is Black Dwarf Cave. Carved on the entrance of the cave is this story:

It was in 1661 (the 15th year of the Yong Li Ming Dynasty) national hero Koxinga
Koxinga
(Cheng Chen-kung, 鄭成功), knighted as Yen Ping King, drove the Dutch and restored Taiwan
Taiwan
and the Pescadores (Penghu). During the Dutch escape, some Negroes were separated from their unit and arrived at this island. They lived in this cave. Some years later, a British boat with soldiers landed at the place northeast of the cave. As they were enjoying the scenery, those Negroes robbed their food and other things, burned the boat and killed all the British. It was discovered by the British warship that they landed this island and sought the murderers while the Negroes hid in the cave. In spite of many threats, they refused to surrender. Finally, the British burned the cave with oil. Then, all the Negroes died there in the cave. Later it was named as the Black Spirit Cave, which means the cave in which the foreign Negroes had lived before.[9]

Many have doubted the accuracy of this story and have instead related the "Negroes" to members of the local Siraya tribe, who were massacred in the Lamey Island Massacre.[9] Beauty Cave
Beauty Cave
has a tragic legend attached to its history. The cave is named after the young daughter of a Ming loyalist who was exiled from China by the Manchus. According to legend, the loyalist lived with his daughter in the cave, surviving on plants and small fish. When the father eventually died, his daughter was so stricken with grief that she bit her own tongue off and died. List of scenic spots[edit]

Baisha Port Beauty Cave Black Dwarf Cave Dafu Port Liuchiu Yu Lighthouse Lobster Cave Vase Rock Sea View Pavilion (望海亭) Duozaiping (肚仔坪) SanFu Port (杉福漁港) Wild Boar Ditch (山豬溝) Sanfu Ecological Path (生態廊道) Geban Bay (蛤板灣) Sunset Galley (落日亭) HaiTzuKuo (海子口) Wetland Part (濕地公園) Biyun Temple
Temple
(碧雲寺) Sanlung Temple
Temple
(三隆宮) Lingshan Temple
Temple
(靈山寺) Sanmin Road (三民老街) ChungAu Beach (中澳沙灘) Restoration Pavilion (復育涼亭) Houshi Fringing Reef (厚石裙礁) Mouse Rock (老鼠石) Guanyin
Guanyin
Rock (觀音石) Indian Rock (紅蕃石) Climbing Tiger Rock (爬山虎)

Administrative divisions[edit]

Baisha Port, the only port on Xiaoliuqiu

Liuqiu Airport runway

Liuqiu Township consists of 8 villages, while Zhongfu Village is the administrative center of the township.

Liuqiu Township Administrative Divisions

Zhongfu Village Yufu Village Benfu Village Shanfu Village Shangfu Village Dafu Village Tianfu Village Nanfu Village

Transportation[edit] The only transportation to Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
is by ship from Donggang in mainland Pingtung County
Pingtung County
arriving at Dafu Port
Dafu Port
on the island.[10] Although there is an airport that once had passenger service with direct flights between Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
international airport and the island, it is now used for helicopter only. The island is 8-9 nautical miles from the Taiwan
Taiwan
mainland, which is about a 25- to 30-minute boat ride. Education[edit] The island only provides education from primary to junior high school. Senior high school and university students need to attend schools on the Taiwanese mainland. Primary School[edit]

Pingtung Baisha Primary School Pingtung Liuqiu Primary School Pingtung Tiannan Primary School Pingtung Quande Elementary School

Junior High School[edit]

Pingtung Liu-chiu Junior High School

Temples[edit] Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
is famous for its 38 temples[11]—six per square kilometer. The most important temple on the island is Piyun Temple, dedicated to Guanyin, the Buddhist Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
of Mercy. On Guanyin's birthday, the nineteenth day of the second lunar month, a festival is held in Piyun Temple. Taiwanese opera
Taiwanese opera
troupes perform twice a day in front of the major temples for 40 to 50 days.[vague] Wildlife[edit] Xiaoliuqiu
Xiaoliuqiu
is well known for its diverse ecosystem. Chung Au Beach, a popular tourist destination, is a shell sand beach abutting waters that are home to approximately 176 species of fish and numerous coral species. It is also home to sub-adult and adult green sea turtles, with adult females coming ashore to nest during the summer months. Marine vertebrates such as sharks, flying fish, sea turtles, and cetaceans such as sperm whales may appear around the island.[12] Notable natives[edit]

Lee Shu-chuan, Secretary-General of Kuomintang

See also[edit]

List of islands of the Republic of China List of islands of Taiwan List of islands in the East China Sea Lamey Island Massacre

References[edit]

^ 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 Archived March 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Glossary of Names for Administrative Divisions. (in Chinese) Accessed at Taiwan
Taiwan
Geographic Names Information System website Archived August 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. (in English). Ministry of the Interior. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2015. ^ Black Ghost Cave Incident ^ Campbell, William (1903). "Explanatory Notes". Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island. London: Kegan Paul. p. 542. OCLC 644323041.  ^ Blussé, Leonard (2000). "The Cave of the Black Spirits". In Blundell, David. Austronesian Taiwan. California: University of California. ISBN 0-936127-09-0.  ^ "Climate". Wunderground.  ^ "Climate". Central Weather Bureau.  ^ http://news.pts.org.tw/detail.php?NEENO=237275 ^ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/local/pingtung/2015/04/11/433361/Garbage-reported.htm ^ a b Momphard, David (2004-07-18). "Of grottoes and graves". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  ^ http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201508100028.aspx ^ di Genova, Trista (10 July 2008). "Hsiao Liuchiu: Unknown paradise on the sea". The China Post. Retrieved 9 August 2012.  ^ 幸運!搭交通船到小琉球遇見「鯨」喜

External links[edit]

Tapeng Bay National Scenic Area (in Chinese) Liuqiu Township Office (in Chinese) Liuqiu official tourism website (in English)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lamay Island.

v t e

Cities and townships of Pingtung County

County seat: Pingtung

Cities

Pingtung

Urban townships

Chaozhou Donggang Hengchun

Rural townships

Changzhi Checheng Fangliao Fangshan Gaoshu Jiadong Jiuru Kanding Ligang Linbian Linluo Liuqiu Manzhou Nanzhou Neipu Wandan Wanluan Xinpi Xinyuan Yanpu Zhutian

Mountain indigenous townships

Chunri Laiyi Majia Mudan Sandimen Shizi Taiwu Wutai

v t e

Townships in Taiwan

Urban townships

Changhua

Beidou Erlin Hemei Lukang Tianzhong Xihu

Chiayi

Budai Dalin

Hsinchu

Guanxi Xinpu Zhudong

Hualien

Fenglin Yuli

Kinmen

Jincheng Jinhu Jinsha

Miaoli

Houlong Tongxiao Yuanli Zhunan Zhuolan

Nantou

Caotun Jiji Puli Zhushan

Pingtung

Chaozhou Donggang Hengchun

Taitung

Chenggong Guanshan

Yilan

Luodong Su'ao Toucheng

Yunlin

Beigang Dounan Huwei Tuku Xiluo

Rural townships

Changhua

Dacheng Dacun Ershui Fangyuan Fenyuan Fuxing Huatan Pitou Puxin Puyan Shengang Shetou Tianwei Xianxi Xiushui Xizhou Yongjing Zhutang

Chiayi

Alishan Dapu Dongshi Fanlu Liujiao Lucao Meishan Minxiong Shuishang Xikou Xingang Yizhu Zhongpu Zhuqi

Hsinchu

Baoshan Beipu Emei Hengshan Hukou Qionglin Xinfeng

Hualien

Fengbin Fuli Guangfu Ji'an Ruisui Shoufeng Xincheng

Kinmen

Jinning Lieyu Wuqiu

Lienchiang

Beigan Dongyin Juguang Nangan

Miaoli

Dahu Gongguan Nanzhuang Sanwan Sanyi Shitan Tongluo Touwu Xihu Zaoqiao

Nantou

Guoxing Lugu Mingjian Shuili Yuchi Zhongliao

Penghu

Baisha Huxi Qimei Wang'an Xiyu

Pingtung

Changzhi Checheng Fangliao Fangshan Gaoshu Jiadong Jiuru Kanding Ligang Linbian Linluo Liuqiu Manzhou Nanzhou Neipu Wandan Wanluan Xinpi Xinyuan Yanpu Zhutian

Taitung

Beinan Changbin Chishang Dawu Donghe Luye Lüdao Taimali

Yilan

Dongshan Jiaoxi Sanxing Wujie Yuanshan Zhuangwei

Yunlin

Baozhong Citong Dapi Dongshi Erlun Gukeng Kouhu Linnei Lunbei Mailiao Shuilin Sihu Taixi Yuanchang

Mountain indigenous townships

Hsinchu

Jianshi Wufeng

Hualien

Wanrong Xiulin Zhuoxi

Miaoli

Tai'an

Nantou

Ren'ai Xinyi

Pingtung

Chunri Laiyi Majia Mudan Sandimen Shizi Taiwu Wutai

Taitung

Daren Haiduan Jinfeng Lanyu Yanping

Yilan

Datong Nan'ao

Note: Hanyu Pinyin
Pinyin
is the national standard and promulgated by the Ministry of Interior. Exceptions: "Lukang" instead of "Lugang" and names of Counties.

v t e

Administrative divisions of outlying islands of Taiwan

Kaohsiung

Qijin ( Pratas Islands
Pratas Islands
and Taiping Island)

Kinmen

Jincheng3 Jinhu Jinsha Jinning Lieyu Wuqiu

Lienchiang1

Nangan3 Beigan Dongyin Juguang

Penghu

Magong3 Baisha Huxi Qimei Xiyu Wang'an

Pingtung

Liuqiu

Taitung

Lanyu Lüdao

Yilan

Toucheng (Guishan Island and Diaoyutai Islands2)

1 Lienchiang County commonly known as Matsu. 2Diaoyutai Islands are controlled by Japan, (called Senkaku Islands). 3Seat of the outlying

.