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XDCAM
XDCAM
is a series of products for digital recording using random access solid-state memory media, introduced by Sony
Sony
in 2003. Four different product lines – the XDCAM SD, XDCAM HD, XDCAM EX and XDCAM HD422 – differ in types of encoder used, frame size, container type and in recording media. None of the later products have made earlier product lines obsolete. Sony
Sony
maintains that different formats within XDCAM
XDCAM
family have been designed to meet different applications and budget constraints.[1] The XDCAM
XDCAM
range includes cameras and decks which act as drop-in replacements for traditional VTRs allowing XDCAM
XDCAM
discs to be used within a traditional videotape-based workflow. These decks can also serve as random access computer hard drives for easy import of the video data files into non-linear editing systems (NLE) via FireWire (IEEE 1394) and Ethernet. In September 2008, JVC
JVC
announced its alliance with Sony
Sony
to support the XDCAM
XDCAM
EX format. In August 2009, Convergent Design began shipping the nanoFlash Portable Recorder, which uses the Sony
Sony
XDCAM
XDCAM
HD422 codec. In November 2012, VITEC began shipping the FS-T2001 Portable Recorder, which uses Sony
Sony
XDCAM
XDCAM
HD422 and XDCAM
XDCAM
HD codec.

Contents

1 Compression methods 2 Recording formats

2.1 XDCAM
XDCAM
formats

3 Recording media

3.1 Professional Disc
Professional Disc
( XDCAM
XDCAM
and XDCAM
XDCAM
HD) 3.2 SxS 3.3 Memory Stick 3.4 Secure Digital 3.5 XQD

4 See also 5 References

Compression methods[edit] The XDCAM
XDCAM
format uses multiple video compression methods and media container formats. Video
Video
is recorded with DV, MPEG-2 Part 2
MPEG-2 Part 2
or MPEG-4 compression schemes. DV is used for standard definition video, MPEG-2
MPEG-2
is used both for standard and high definition video, while MPEG-4 is used for proxy video. Audio is recorded in uncompressed PCM form for all formats except proxy video, which uses A-law
A-law
compression. Equipment that uses Professional Disc
Professional Disc
as well as XDCAM
XDCAM
4:2:2 on SxS cards as recording media employs MXF container to store digital audio/digital video streams. Tapeless camcorders that record onto solid-state memory cards, use MP4 container for high definition audio/video, and DV-AVI container for DV video. JVC
JVC
camcorders that use XDCAM
XDCAM
EX recording format, are also capable of recording into QuickTime container besides using MP4 container. Recording formats[edit] DVCAM uses standard DV encoding, which runs at 25 Mbit/s, and is compatible with most editing systems. Some camcorders that allow DVCAM recording can record progressive-scan video. MPEG IMX allows recording in standard definition, using MPEG-2 encoding at data rate of 30, 40 or 50 megabits per second. Unlike most other MPEG-2
MPEG-2
implementations, IMX uses intraframe compression with each frame having the same exact size in bytes to simplify recording onto video tape. Sony
Sony
claims that at 50 Mbit/s it offers visual quality that is comparable to Digital Betacam[2] MPEG IMX is not supported in the XDCAM EX product line. MPEG HD is used in all product lines except for XDCAM
XDCAM
SD. This format supports multiple frame sizes, frame rates, scanning types and quality modes. Depending on product line or a particular model, not all modes of this format may be available. MPEG HD422 doubles the chroma horizontal resolution compared to the previous generations of high-definition video XDCAM
XDCAM
formats. To accommodate the improved chroma detail, video bitrate has been increased to 50 Mbit/s. This format is used only in XDCAM
XDCAM
HD422 products. Proxy AV is used to record low resolution proxy videos. This format employs MPEG-4 video encoding at 1.5 Mbit/s (CIF resolution) with 64 kbit/s (8 kHz A-law, ISDN-quality) for each audio channel. XDCAM
XDCAM
formats[edit]

Format name Container Video
Video
coding Bit depth Color sampling Frame size Frame rate and scanning type Video
Video
bit rate, Mbit/s Audio coding

DVCAM MXF, DV-AVI DV 8 4:2:0 720x576 50i, 25p 25 (CBR) PCM 4 ch/16 bit/48 kHz

4:1:1 720x480 59.94i, 29.97p

MPEG IMX MXF MPEG-2
MPEG-2
422P@ML 8 4:2:2 720x576 50i Top First, 25p 30 (CBR), 40 (CBR), 50(CBR) PCM 8 ch/16 bit/48 kHz, or 4 ch/24-bit/48 kHz

720x480 59.94i Top First, 29.97p, 23.98p

MPEG HD MXF, MP4 MPEG-2
MPEG-2
MP@H14/HL 8 4:2:0 1920x1080 59.94i Top First, 50i Top First, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p 35 (VBR) PCM 4 ch/16 bit/48 kHz

1440x1080 59.94i Top First, 29.97p, 23.98p, 25p 18 (VBR), 25 (CBR), 35 (VBR)

1280x720 59.94p, 29.97p, 23.98p, 50p, 25p 25 (CBR), 35 (VBR), 19 (CBR)[1]

MPEG HD422 MXF MPEG-2
MPEG-2
422P@HL 8 4:2:2 1920x1080 59.94i Top First, 50i Top First, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p 50 (CBR) PCM 8 ch/24 bit/48 kHz, or 4 ch/24 bit/48 kHz[3]

1280x720 59.94p, 50p, 23.98p

Proxy AV MXF MPEG-4 Part-2 (ASP) 8 4:2:0 CIF (50i - 352x288) ? 1.5 A-Law 4 ch/8 bit/8 kHz

^ 1 720p @ 19 Mbit/s is offered by JVC
JVC
and is equivalent to HDV 720p Recording media[edit] Professional Disc
Professional Disc
( XDCAM
XDCAM
and XDCAM
XDCAM
HD)[edit]

Professional Disc

Main article: Professional Disc The Professional Disc
Professional Disc
was chosen by Sony
Sony
as its medium for professional non-linear video acquisition for a number of reasons, outlined in their white-paper Why Sony
Sony
Adopted Professional Disc. This disc is similar to Blu-ray Disc
Blu-ray Disc
and holds either 23 GB of data (PFD23, single-layer, rewritable), 50 GB (PFD50, dual-layer, rewritable), 100 GB (PFD100TLA, triple-layer, rewritable) or 128 GB (PFD128QLW, quad-layer, write-once). Essentially, the Professional Disc
Professional Disc
format was deemed to be a suitable, cost effective and easy step forward. The discs are reliable and robust, suitable for field work (something which has previously been a problem with many disc-based systems). Additionally, the cost of media is comparable to existing professional formats. SxS[edit]

SxS
SxS
memory card SBP-8

Main article: SxS In 2008, Sony
Sony
introduced a new recording medium to their XDCAM range – SxS
SxS
Pro (pronounced "S-by-S"). It is a solid-state memory card implemented as an ExpressCard
ExpressCard
module. The first camera to use this media was the Sony
Sony
PMW-EX1 professional video camera. In December 2009, Sony
Sony
introduced the more affordable SxS-1. This unit is designed to have the same performance as the SxS
SxS
Pro card however its life expectancy is shorter at an estimated 5 years of life when used every day to the card's full capacity. In early 2013, Sony
Sony
has introduced SxS
SxS
Pro+ cards. These have a 1.2 Gbit/s read and write speed to support the PMW-F55 in storing 4K 60p acquisition. Memory Stick[edit] Main article: Memory Stick Memory Stick
Memory Stick
cards can be used in Sony
Sony
XDCAM
XDCAM
EX camcorders via the MEAD-MS01 adapter.[4] Secure Digital[edit] Main article: Secure digital

SDHC memory cards

Secure Digital memory cards can be used in Sony
Sony
XDCAM
XDCAM
EX camcorders via the MEAD-SD01 adapter.[5] JVC
JVC
camcorders that record in XDCAM
XDCAM
EX format use Secure Digital memory cards natively. XQD[edit] Main article: XQD XQD
XQD
memory cards can be used in Sony
Sony
XDCAM
XDCAM
EX camcorders via the QDA-EX1 ExpressCard
ExpressCard
adapter.[6] See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sony
Sony
XDCAM.

HDCAM XAVC Professional video camera Tapeless camcorder

References[edit]

^ " XDCAM
XDCAM
HD Systems: for a new era of file-based HD production". Sony. Retrieved October 25, 2010.  ^ Sony
Sony
MPEG IMX Overview ^ http://pro.sony.com/bbsc/assetDownloadController/xdcamhd422family_2408d.pdf?path=Asset%20Hierarchy$Professional$SEL-yf-generic-153706$SEL-yf-generic-153745SEL-asset-152359.pdf&id=StepID$SEL-asset-152359$original&dimension=original ^ MEAD-MS01 Memory Stick
Memory Stick
card adapter (Sony) ^ MEAD-SD01 SDHC card adapter (Sony) ^ QDA-EX1 ExpressCard
ExpressCard
adapter (Sony)

Sony's official XDCAM
XDCAM
web page Brochure for the Sony
Sony
PMW-EX1 Brochure for XDCAM
XDCAM
HD422 Family JVC
JVC
Solid State Press Release JVC
JVC
KA-MR100G Press Release

v t e

Video
Video
storage formats

Videotape

Analog

Quadruplex (1956) VERA (1958) Ampex 2 inch helical VTR
VTR
(1961) Sony
Sony
2 inch helical VTR
VTR
(1961) Type A (1965) CV-2000 (1965) Akai (1967) U-matic
U-matic
(1969) EIAJ-1
EIAJ-1
(1969) Cartrivision (1972) Philips VCR (1972) V-Cord (1974) VX (1974) Betamax
Betamax
(1975) IVC (1975) Type B (1976) Type C (1976) VHS
VHS
(1976) VK (1977) SVR (1979) Video
Video
2000 (1980) CVC (1980) VHS-C
VHS-C
(1982) M (1982) Betacam
Betacam
(1982) Video8 (1985) MII (1986) S- VHS
VHS
(1987) S- VHS-C
VHS-C
(1987) Hi8 (1989) Ruvi (1998)

Digital

D1 (1986) D2 (1988) D3 (1991) DCT (1992) Digital Betacam
Betacam
(1993) D5 (1994) Digital-S
Digital-S
(D9) (1995) Betacam
Betacam
SX (1996) Digital8
Digital8
(1999) MicroMV
MicroMV
(2001)

High Definition

Sony
Sony
HDVS (1984) UniHi (1984) W- VHS
VHS
(1994) HDCAM
HDCAM
(1997) D- VHS
VHS
(1998) D6 HDTV VTR
VTR
(2000) HDV
HDV
(2003) HDCAM
HDCAM
SR (2003)

Videodisc

Analog

Phonovision (1927) Ampex-HS (1967) TeD (1975) LaserDisc
LaserDisc
(1978) CED (1981) VHD (1983) Laserfilm
Laserfilm
(1984) CD Video
Video
(1987) VSD (c. 1987)

Digital

VCD (1993) MovieCD
MovieCD
(1996) DVD
DVD
(1996) Mini DVD
DVD
(c. 1996) DVD- Video
Video
(1997) CVD (1998) SVCD (1998) EVD (2003) PVD (Personal Video
Video
Disc) (2003) HVD (High-Definition Versatile Disc) (2004) UMD (2004) FVD (2005)

High Definition

MUSE Hi-Vision LD (1994) VMD (2006) HD DVD
DVD
(2006) BRD (BD/ Blu-ray
Blu-ray
disc) (2006) MiniBD (c. 2006) HVD (Holographic Versatile Disc) (2007) CBHD (China Blue High-definition Disc) (2008) UHD BRD (Ultra HD Blu-ray
Blu-ray
disc) (2016)

Virtual

Media agnostic

DV (1995) DVCPRO (1995) DVCAM (1996) DVCPRO50 (1997) DVCPRO HD (2000)

Tapeless

CamCutter Editcam (1995) XDCAM
XDCAM
(2003) MOD (2005) AVCHD
AVCHD
(2006) AVC-Intra (2006) TOD (2007) iFrame (2009) XAVC (2012)

Solid state

P2 (2004) SxS
SxS
(2007) MicroP2
MicroP2
(2012)

Video
Video
recorded to film

Kinescope
Kinescope
(1947) Telerecording
Telerecording
(1940s) Electronicam
Electronicam
kinescope (1950s) Electronic Video
Video
Recording (1967)

v t e

Sony

Founders

Masaru Ibuka Akio Morita

Key personnel

Kaz Hirai
Kaz Hirai
(Chairman) Kenichiro Yoshida (President and CEO)

Primary businesses

Sony
Sony
Corporation Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Mobile Sony
Sony
Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Sony/ATV Music Publishing

Sony
Sony
Financial Holdings

Sony
Sony
Life Sony
Sony
Bank

Technologies and brands

α (Alpha) Betacam Bionz Blu-ray BRAVIA CD Cell Cyber-shot Dash Dream Machine DVD Exmor FeliCa Handycam HDCAM/HDCAM-SR LocationFree Memory Stick MiniDisc MiniDV mylo PlayStation Reader S/PDIF SDDS SXRD Sony
Sony
Tablet Tunnel diode TransferJet UMD Vaio Video8/Hi8/Digital8 Walkman Walkman
Walkman
Phones XDCAM Xperia HMZ-T1

Historical products

AIBO CV-2000 DAT Betamax Sony
Sony
CLIÉ Discman Jumbotron Lissa Mavica NEWS Qualia Rolly TR-55 Trinitron 1 inch Type C (BVH series) U-matic Watchman WEGA

Electronics

Sony
Sony
Electronics (US subsidiary) Sony
Sony
Energy Devices Sony
Sony
Creative Software FeliCa
FeliCa
Networks (57%)

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Key personnel

Andrew House Shawn Layden Shuhei Yoshida

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

Franchises

Ape Escape Arc the Lad ATV Offroad Fury Boku no Natsuyasumi Buzz! Colony Wars Cool Boarders DanceStar Party Dark Cloud Destruction Derby Devil Dice Echochrome EverQuest Everybody's Golf Everybody's Tennis EyePet EyeToy FantaVision Fat Princess G-Police Genji God of War Gran Turismo Gravity Rush Hustle Kings Infamous Invizimals Jak and Daxter Jet Moto Jumping Flash! Killzone Knack Legend of Legaia Lemmings LittleBigPlanet LocoRoco MediEvil MLB: The Show ModNation Racers MotorStorm Motor Toon Grand Prix Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/Oreshika PaRappa the Rapper Patapon PlanetSide Pursuit Force Rally Cross Ratchet & Clank Resistance Savage Moon Shadow of the Beast SingStar Siren Sly Cooper Socom Soul Sacrifice Sports Champions Start the Party! Super Stardust Syphon Filter The Eye of Judgment The Getaway The Last of Us This Is Football Twisted Metal Uncharted Vib-Ribbon Warhawk What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?/No Heroes Allowed White Knight Chronicles Wild Arms Wipeout Wonderbook World Tour Soccer

Divisions

Bend Studio Foster City Studio Japan Studio London Studio San Diego Studio Santa Monica Studio

Subsidiaries

Guerrilla Games J.S.E.E.D. PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. Team Gravity Team Ico Media Molecule Naughty Dog PixelOpus Polyphony Digital Sucker Punch Productions XDev

Former subsidiaries

989 Studios Bigbig Studios Contrail Evolution Studios Guerrilla Cambridge Incognito Entertainment Psygnosis Team Soho Zipper Interactive

v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3 games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16 Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3 accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

Other

Gaikai SN Systems Cellius
Cellius
(49%) Dimps

Category Portal

v t e

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment

Key personnel

Rob Stringer Kevin Kelleher

Flagship

Columbia Records RCA Records Epic Records

Sony
Sony
Music Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville Provident Label Group

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan

Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan Ki/oon Music Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan Ariola Japan BMG Japan mora Sacra Music Aniplex

Aniplex
Aniplex
of America A-1 Pictures

Music On! TV

Distribution

The Orchard

IODA RED Distribution Red Essential

Other Labels

RCA Inspiration Phonogenic Records Ultra Music Century Media Records Legacy Recordings Black Butter Records Kemosabe Records Robbins Entertainment Syco Music
Syco Music
(50%) Sony
Sony
Music Australia Sony
Sony
Music UK Sony
Sony
Music India Sony
Sony
Music Latin Vevo Volcano Entertainment

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment

Key personnel

Tony Vinciquerra Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

Columbia Pictures TriStar Pictures TriStar Productions Screen Gems Sony
Sony
Pictures Classics Sony
Sony
Pictures Releasing Sony
Sony
Pictures Imageworks Sony
Sony
Pictures Animation Sony
Sony
Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions

Destination Films Stage 6 Films Affirm Films

Sony
Sony
Pictures Home Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. production

Adelaide Productions Sony
Sony
Crackle

The Minisode Network

Culver Entertainment Embassy Row TriStar Television

U.S. distribution

Funimation
Funimation
(95%)

International production

2waytraffic Left Bank Pictures Playmaker Media Stellify Media Teleset

TV channels & VOD

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

Americas

US networks

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with AT&T Entertainment Group) getTV Cine Sony Sony
Sony
CrackleO Defunct 3net
3net
(joint venture with Discovery and IMAX) Fearnet
Fearnet
(joint venture with Comcast
Comcast
and Lions Gate Entertainment)

Canada

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel and AXN
AXN
Movies (rebranded)

Latin America

Canal Sony AXN Defunct Animax Locomotion Sony
Sony
Spin

Asia

Indian sub-continent

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Networks India Pvt. Ltd.

Hindi entertainment

SET

International

Sony
Sony
Sab Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Max 2 Sony
Sony
Pal Sony
Sony
Wah

English entertainment

AXN Sony
Sony
Le Plex Sony
Sony
Pix

Bengali entertainment

Sony
Sony
Aath

Sports

Sony
Sony
Six Sony
Sony
ESPN (50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc.) Sony
Sony
Ten

Sony
Sony
Ten 1 Sony
Sony
Ten 2 Sony
Sony
Ten 3 Sony
Sony
Ten Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

Music

Sony
Sony
Mix Sony
Sony
Rox

Other channels

Sony
Sony
BBC Earth (50%; Joint venture with BBC Studios) Sony
Sony
Yay

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
LIV (Online VOD platform)

Japan

Animax

Animax PlusO

AXN

AXN
AXN
Mystery AXN
AXN
PlusO

Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation, Tohokushinsha Film, and Itochu)

South Korea

Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife)

Animax PlusO

AXN
AXN
(50% joint venture with IHQ)

Taiwan

AXN Animax

Animax HD

south-east Asia

Animax AXN Gem

south-east Asia (50% joint venture with Nippon Television Network Corporation) Vietnam

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
One Defunct AXN
AXN
Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

Germany

AnimaxO AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

Italy

Cine Sony Pop Defunct AXN AXN
AXN
Sci Fi

The Netherlands

Film1

Film1
Film1
Action Film1
Film1
Drama Film1
Film1
Family Film1
Film1
Premiere

Defunct Film1
Film1
Festival Film1
Film1
Sundance

Portugal

AXN

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Russia

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

Spain

AXN

AXN
AXN
SyncO AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Turkey

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Çocuk Planet Mutfak Planet Türk

UK & Ireland

v t e

Television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland operated by Sony Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

Entertainment channels

Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony
Sony
Crime Channel 2 Sony
Sony
Movie Channel truTV

CSC True Entertainment True Movies

Music channels

CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

Children's channels

CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

Former channels

More Than Movies Movies4Men
Movies4Men
2 Sony
Sony
Channel

CSC The Amp AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Crime True Drama True Movies
True Movies
2

Miscellaneous

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

Baltics

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

AXN

Adria Hungary

AXN
AXN
NowO

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
Spin AXN
AXN
White

Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary

Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6

Defunct Animax AXN
AXN
Crime

Middle East

AXN
AXN
Middle East

Arabic English

Defunct AXN
AXN
Israel

Africa

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

Other

Sony
Sony
Pictures Digital

Sony
Sony
Pictures Mobile

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Japan Sony
Sony
Pictures Family Entertainment Group Sony
Sony
Pictures Studios Madison Gate Records

Defunct

Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television Columbia TriStar Television Merv Griffin Enterprises ELP Communications

Online distribution platforms

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue) The Minisode Network Sony
Sony
Crackle Sony
Sony
Liv

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
DADC Sony
Sony
Network Communications Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions M3 (39.4%) Sony/ATV Music Publishing EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
(19%) Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

Other assets

Sony
Sony
Corporation of America (umbrella company in the US) Other subsidiaries List of acquisitions

Nonprofit organizations

Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

Other

History of Sony Sony
Sony
Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Ce

.