Wupper
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The Wupper is a right
tributary A tributary, or affluent, is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage ba ...
of the
Rhine ), Surselva Surselva Region is one of the eleven administrative districts Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many si ...

Rhine
in the state of
North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia (german: Nordrhein-Westfalen, ; Low Franconian Low Franconian, Low Frankish, NetherlandicSarah Grey Thomason, Terrence Kaufman: ''Language Contact, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics'', University of California Press, ...
,
Germany Germany (german: Deutschland, ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in . It is the in Europe after , and the most populous . Germany is situated between the and seas to the north, and the to the south; it covers an area of ...

Germany
. Rising near
Marienheide Marienheide is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Geography Marienheide is located about 50 km east of Cologne. Neighbouring places The neighbouring towns are Gummersbach and Wipperfürth as well a ...

Marienheide
in western
Sauerland , Germany The Sauerland () is a rural, hilly area spreading across most of the south-eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, in parts heavily forested and, apart from the major valleys, sparsely inhabited. The Sauerland is the largest tourist re ...

Sauerland
it runs through the mountainous region of the
Bergisches Land 275px, Iuliacensis et Montensis Ducatus, 1645, by Blaeu The Bergisches Land (, ''BergBerg may refer to: People *Alban Berg (1885–1935), Austrian composer *Berg (surname), a surname (including a list of people with the name) *Berg Ng (born ...
in Berg County and enters the Rhine at
Leverkusen Leverkusen (, ) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine. To the south, Leverkusen borders the city of Cologne and to the north is the States of Germany, state capital Düsseldorf. With about 161,000 inhabitant ...

Leverkusen
, south of
Düsseldorf Düsseldorf ( , , ; often in English sources; Low Franconian and Ripuarian language, Ripuarian: ''Düsseldörp'' ; archaic nl, Dusseldorp) is the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia, the most populous state of Germany. It is the second-la ...

Düsseldorf
. Its upper course is called the Wipper. On its course of about 116 km, the Wupper passes through the city of
Wuppertal Wuppertal (; "''Wupper The Wupper is a right tributary A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tr ...

Wuppertal
where the
suspension railwayA suspension railway is a form of elevated monorail A monorail is a Rail transport, railway in which the track consists of a single rail or a beam. The term is also used to describe the beam of the system, or the trains traveling on such a beam ...
runs for 10 kilometres above the river. It is crossed by the highest
railway Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is a man-made device that uses power to apply forces and contro ...

railway
bridge in Germany near Müngsten, between
Remscheid Remscheid () is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. ...

Remscheid
and
Solingen Solingen () is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located some 25 km east of Düsseldorf along the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area, and, with a 2009 population of 161,366, is after Wupp ...

Solingen
. A few kilometers further down, Burg Castle is located on a hill overlooking the river.


Hydropower

From the 15th century, the Wupper and its numerous streams gave birth to hundreds of workshops, mills and factories on their banks. Originally water was used for dying,
bleaching Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to remove color from a fabric or fiber or to clean or to remove stains in a process called bleaching. It often refers, specifically, to a dilute s ...
and washing canvas and cloth, later it was used to power machines or transport waste. The Wupper thus facilitated the early industrial expansion of
Wuppertal Wuppertal (; "''Wupper The Wupper is a right tributary A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tr ...

Wuppertal
(German for "Wupper Valley") during the 18th, 19th and early 20th century. The Wupper Valley was one of world's first industrialized regions and empowered ''inter alia'' the
Ruhr The Ruhr ( ; german: Ruhrgebiet ), also referred to as Ruhr area, Ruhr district, Ruhr region, or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric Polycentric is an English adjective, meaning "having more than one center," derived from the Greek words ''polús'' (" ...

Ruhr
gebiet as a coal-mining region.


Tributaries

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Wupper (from source to mouth): *Left: Gaulbach, Brunsbach (Wupper), Brunsbach, Pixwaager Bach, Dörpe, Wilhelmstaler Bach, Hardtbach, Lohbach, Nöllenberger Bach, Stoffelsberger Bach, Hofsiefen, Hengstener Bach, Steinhauser Bach, Lohmühlenbach, Herbringhauser Bach, Marscheider Bach, Eschensiepen, Blombach, Norrenberger Bach, Murmelbach (Wupper), Murmelbach, Fischertaler Bach, Springer Bach, Kothener Bach, Auer Bach, Bendahler Bach, Klusensprung, Holzer Bach, Hatzenbeck, Ossenbeck, Rutenbeck (Wupper), Rutenbeck, Glasbach, Burgholzbach, Weilandsiepen, Kaltenbach (Wupper), Kaltenbach, Morsbach (Wupper), Morsbach, Eschbach (Wupper), Eschbach, Sengbach, Weltersbach, Murbach (Wupper), Murbach, Wiembach, Dhünn. *Right: Kerspe, Hönnige (Wupper), Hönnige, Neye (Wupper), Neye, Bever (Wupper), Bever, Frohnhauser Bach, Wiebach, Kretzer Bach, Uelfe, Remlingrader Bach, Spreeler Bach, Steinhauserbergbach, Nebenkämper Siefen, Ehrenberger Bach, Steinbruch Siefen, Schmitteborner Bach, Hebbecke, Schwelme, Schwarzbach (Wupper), Schwarzbach, Leimbach (Wupper), Leimbach, Schönebeck, Mirker Bach, Briller Bach, Varresbeck, Lüntenbeck, Rottscheider Bach, Buchenhofener Siepen.


Other

* On 21 July 1950 a young elephant named Tuffi, made to ride on the train by her handler as an advertising stunt, decided she didn't like the ride, panicked (and panicked the other, human, passengers), burst out of the car she was riding in, and jumped or fell into the Wupper, only slightly injuring herself. In 1970 Marguerita Eckel and Ernst-Andreas Ziegler published a children's picture book about the incident, ''Tuffi und die Schwebebahn''. * The Wupper is cited in the German sayings: "Über die Wupper gehen", literally "To go over the Wupper", metaphorically meaning "going bankrupt", "going into jail" or "going to die". * Else Lasker-Schüler wrote a drama entitled ''Die Wupper''.


See also

*List of rivers of North Rhine-Westphalia


References

{{Authority control Wupper, Rivers of North Rhine-Westphalia Wupper basin, Rivers of Germany