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The World Cube Association (WCA) is the worldwide organization that regulates and holds competitions for the Rubik's Cube and similar puzzles around the world. It was founded by Ron van Bruchem of the Netherlands and Tyson Mao of the United States.[1] The goal of the World Cube Association is to have "more competitions in more countries with more people and more fun, under fair conditions."[2] In 2017 they started work to become a non-profit organisation and on November 20, 2017 the state of California accepted the initial registration of the World Cube Association. The organization is run by the board members. It assigns different teams and committees as well as delegates who can organize official competitions. The presence of a delegate is required in order to make the competition official. Currently, about 80,000 people from around the world have participated in WCA competitions.[3]

Contents

1 Board 2 Structure of the WCA

2.1 WCA Board of Directors 2.2 WCA Teams and Committees

2.2.1 WCA Communication Team 2.2.2 WCA Disciplinary Committee 2.2.3 WCA Financial Committee 2.2.4 WCA Regulations Committee 2.2.5 WCA Results Team 2.2.6 WCA Software Team

2.3 WCA Delegates

3 History 4 Events 5 See also 6 Notes 7 External links

Board[edit] Its current board members are:[4]

Member Country Board member since

Ron van Bruchem Netherlands October 2004

Pedro Santos Guimarães Brazil March 2015

Luis J. Iáñez Spain July 2016

Olivér Perge Hungary July 2017

Alberto Pérez de Rada Fiol Spain November 2017

Bob Burton United States November 2017

Its former board members are:[5][6][7][8][9]

Member Country Term

Gilles Roux France October 2004 - November 2008

Masayuki Akimoto Japan September 2005 - January 2012

Tyson Mao United States October 2004 - August 2013

Sébastien Auroux Germany July 2012 - February 2014

Tim Reynolds United States July 2012 - December 2014

Natán Riggenbach Peru September 2013 - June 2015

Olivér Perge Hungary March 2015 - February 2016

Ilkyoo Choi South Korea September 2013 - July 2017

Chris Hardwick United States July 2016 - November 2017

Structure of the WCA[edit] WCA Board of Directors[edit] The WCA Board of Directors (or simply WCA Board) is the leadership team of the WCA and its highest authority. WCA Directors are Officers of the WCA and in addition have the role of Full Delegate. The WCA Board is responsible for the WCA organization as a whole. As part of their day-to-day work, they discuss issues that affect the WCA and advise the committees. The WCA Board oversees that the applications to hold WCA Competitions meet fair conditions to give all the world similar chances to compete, and finally approves and announces the competitions accordingly. After competitions, they read reports from the WCA delegates about competitions in order to be up to date on the WCA activity worldwide and take part in the discussion of any incidents that occur. The Board is also responsible for helping WCA fulfill its mission: “more competitions in more countries with more people and more fun, under fair and equal conditions.” This means spreading cubing to new communities and countries and working together with the Senior Delegates to open up cubing to even more people. WCA Teams and Committees[edit] WCA Communication Team[edit] The WCA Communications Team (WCT) is in charge of overseeing and supporting communications of the WCA with the community and general public. This includes answering general requests that are submitted via the WCA website and maintaining the social media accounts of the WCA. The team responds to multiple emails a day from all around the world regarding starting cubing competitions in new areas, what to do for your first competition, big media requests about competitive speedcubing, and many other issues! Many requests are also forwarded to the appropriate WCA team or delegate if they are in regard to a particular competition or specialization. WCA Disciplinary Committee[edit] The WCA Disciplinary Committee (WDC) investigates a variety of situations and proposes solutions including punishments when necessary. Among other topics, these situations could be serious violations of WCA regulations or community issues. They deal with many instances of cheating, general conduct, or disputes in the way that delegates and organizers run events. They are also responsible for issues that may occur in the WCA internally. They can be contacted by WCA officials or community members to be made aware of possible violations at WCA competitions. Initial contact with the team is usually through emails or directly from any competitor or delegate. If the Team Leader agrees that this case falls under the WDC’s jurisdiction, a WDC case is initiated. The team attempts to correspond with everyone involved, to get all sides of the story and to provide an independent report for the investigation. Once the case is closed and the decision made, they inform all relevant persons of any actions and make a public announcement, if necessary. WCA Financial Committee[edit] The WCA Financial Committee (WFC) is responsible for everything regarding finances within the WCA. As an Advisory Committee, they manage the finances and accounts of the WCA in accordance with an approved annual budget proposal, which is also their work to provide on a regular basis. Similarly, the Financial Committee pays invoices and taxes that are directed to the WCA, after consultation and with permission of the WCA Board. On a quarterly basis they report and advise the WCA Board on all finances of the WCA, to give them a summary of the scope of financial possibilities and options that the WCA has. WCA Regulations Committee[edit] The WCA Regulations Committee (WRC) was founded to support the WCA Board in maintaining the WCA Regulations in 2011. Over the years, their area of responsibility has been broadened, so that they handle all issues which are related to the application, the improvement and the development of the WCA Regulations today. They support delegates on any kind of procedural matters happening at competitions and decide on unresolved and uncovered incidents. The WRC regularly publishes WCA internal reports to help all delegates and improve their knowledge of the Regulations. Of course, the WRC still maintains the WCA Regulations and Guidelines. This includes regulation changes based on feedback from the WCA staff and the community, while also taking into account their own insights and reports of incidents that occur during WCA competitions. New versions of the Regulations are published on a periodic basis. Another part of their work is to encourage members of the WCA community to create and maintain translations of the Regulations. WCA Results Team[edit] The WCA Results Team (WRT) is responsible for managing all data in the databases of the WCA, most importantly competition results and person data. The most time-consuming regular task of the WCA Results Team is posting results of WCA competitions to the WCA website, once the delegate of the competition has sent them in. They rigorously check if the results were submitted correctly and if so, transfer them into the WCA results database. This work of the Results Team assures the data quality of the databases of the WCA. Each such posting procedure is ended by creating a public post on the WCA website - these are the posts that you can see on the front page of the WCA website! Apart from posting competition results, the WCA Results Team is also responsible for making corrections to competition results if necessary and they are in charge of administering all WCA profile pages. This includes for example changing user data, like dates of birth, according to verified requests and managing profile picture requests. WCA Software Team[edit] The WCA website is a huge open source project on Github.[10] They bring continuous improvements to the website very frequently, to allow all of community members to easily access and enjoy WCA content. Just recently internationalization was implemented, so now people can use the WCA website in their own language. Other important milestones are the development of the registration system, and especially payments. The team keeps an eye on the website all the time to ensure it's permanently available and they react as fast as possible whenever something is wrong. The Software Team develops new software for various tasks within the WCA whenever needed. Thus, they created an app simplifying translating the website, to engage more people translating into their language. Also, few years back, the WCA Workbook assistant was designed, which is used by all delegates to submit the competition results to the WCA Results Team. The Software Team also updates the official WCA Scrambler, TNoodle, according to data provided by the WCA Regulations Committee if changes are needed. Additionally, they maintain and develop administrative tools for various Delegates, Committees and Board members on the WCA website. WCA Delegates[edit] WCA Delegates are members of the WCA who are responsible for making sure that all WCA competitions are run according to the mission, regulations, and spirit of the WCA. This means that at every competition a WCA Delegate needs to be present to be considered official. The WCA has three different types of delegates: WCA Senior Delegates, WCA Delegates and WCA Candidate Delegates. Beyond the duties of a WCA Delegate a WCA Senior Delegate is responsible for managing the delegates in their area and should also be contacted by the community for regional matters. They are available to mentor the delegates in their area - especially when new communities are being developed. New delegates are listed as WCA Candidate Delegates at first and need to show their ability of managing competitions successfully before being listed as WCA Delegates. If possible they may delegate their first competitions alongside more experienced delegates to get the hang of all responsibilities connected to delegate a WCA competition. All acknowledged WCA Delegates, Candidate Delegates and Senior Delegates can be found on their official Website.[11]

History[edit] In 1999, the first modern age speedcubers found each other on the Internet via Rubik's Games, a computer game with an electronic version of the Rubik's Cube. Chris Hardwick from Raleigh, NC founded the Yahoo! Group "Speedsolvingrubikscube" and the Unofficial World Records, a place where cubers could post their personal best times. Ron van Bruchem started speedcubing.com together with his friend Ton Dennenbroek, an avid puzzle collector. Because the cubers were living all over the world, they wanted to organize a competition at which they could all meet. In 2003, under the guidance of Dan Gosbee, they organized the Rubik's Cube World Championship in Toronto. This first modern-age Rubik's Cube competition was a huge success, but there were lots of issues, due to the lack of good regulations. After the World Championship, van Bruchem and Tyson Mao started organizing competitions in the Netherlands and Germany, as well as at Caltech in the United States. In 2004, they started the World Cube Association, which today has held competitions in more than 90 countries. Events[edit] Currently, the WCA offers competitions in 18 events. Not all of them are offered at every competition, but they are usually all offered at national and global competitions. The events are:[12]

3x3x3 Cube 2x2x2 Cube 4x4x4 Cube 5x5x5 Cube 6x6x6 Cube 7x7x7 Cube 3x3x3 Blindfolded (3BLD) 3x3x3 Fewest Moves (FMC) 3x3x3 One-Handed (OH) 3x3x3 With Feet (WF) Megaminx Pyraminx Rubik's Clock Skewb Square-1 4x4x4 Blindfolded (4BLD) 5x5x5 Blindfolded (5BLD) 3x3x3 Multi-Blind (MBLD)

Additionally, some events have had their official WCA event status removed. They are:[13]

Rubik's Magic Master Magic 3x3x3 Multiple Blindfolded (no time limit)

See also[edit]

Rubik's Cube Speedcubing

Notes[edit]

^ New WCA board member ^ "About the WCA". World Cube Association. Retrieved 17 June 2016.  ^ "WCA Statistics". World Cube Association. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ "WCA Organisation". Retrieved 28 November 2017.  ^ Changes in the Board of Directors (WCA Board) ^ Gilles Roux retires as member of WCA Board ^ World Cube Association • View topic - Tyson Mao retires as member of WCA Board ^ World Cube Association • View topic - Sébastien Auroux retires as WCA board member ^ Changes in the Board of Directors - November 2017 ^ "WCA Github Repository". World Cube Association. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ "WCA Delegates". World Cube Association. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ "WCA Regulations". Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "WCA Regulations History". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Official WCA Website Skewb will be an official WCA Event as of January 1, 2014

v t e

Rubik's Cube

Puzzle inventors

Ernő Rubik Uwe Mèffert Tony Fisher Panagiotis Verdes Oskar van Deventer

Rubik's Cubes

Overview 2×2×2 (Pocket Cube) 3×3×3 (Rubik's Cube) 4×4×4 (Rubik's Revenge) 5×5×5 (Professor's Cube) 6×6×6 (V-Cube 6) 7×7×7 (V-Cube 7) 8×8×8 (V-Cube 8)

Cubic variations

Helicopter Cube Skewb Square 1 Sudoku Cube Nine-Colour Cube Void Cube

Non-cubic variations

Tetrahedron

Pyraminx Pyraminx Duo Pyramorphix BrainTwist

Octahedron

Skewb Diamond

Dodecahedron

Megaminx (Variations) Pyraminx Crystal Skewb Ultimate

Icosahedron

Impossiball Dogic

Great dodecahedron

Alexander's Star

Truncated icosahedron

Tuttminx

Cuboid

Floppy Cube (1x3x3) Rubik's Domino (2x3x3)

Virtual variations (>3D)

MagicCube4D MagicCube5D MagicCube7D Magic 120-cell

Derivatives

Missing Link Rubik's 360 Rubik's Clock Rubik's Magic

Master Edition

Rubik's Revolution Rubik's Snake Rubik's Triamid Rubik's Cheese

Renowned solvers

Erik Akkersdijk Yu Nakajima Bob Burton, Jr. Jessica Fridrich Chris Hardwick Rowe Hessler Leyan Lo Shotaro Makisumi Toby Mao Tyson Mao Frank Morris Lars Petrus Gilles Roux David Singmaster Ron van Bruchem Eric Limeback Anthony Michael Brooks Mats Valk Feliks Zemdegs Collin Burns Lucas Etter

Solutions

Speedsolving

Speedcubing

Methods

Layer by Layer CFOP Method Roux Method Corners First Optimal

Mathematics

God's algorithm Superflip Thistlethwaite's algorithm Rubik's Cube group

Official organization

World Cube Association

Related articles

Rubik's Cube in popular culture The Simple Solution to Rubik's Cube 1982 World Rubik's

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