World Animal Protection (formerly The
World Society for the Protection
of Animals) is an international non-profit animal welfare organization
that has been in operation for over 30 years. The charity describes
its vision as: A world where animal welfare matters and animal cruelty
The charity has regional hubs in: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America
and North America, and offices in 14 countries. The international
office is in London.
2.1 Animals in the Wild
2.2 Animals in Communities
2.3 Animals in Disasters
2.4 Animals in Farming
2.5 Global Animal Welfare
3 Jeannette McDermott Award
4 See also
6 External links
The organization was previously known as the
World Society for the
Protection of Animals (WSPA). This resulted from the merger of two
animal welfare organizations in 1981, the
World Federation for the
Protection of Animals (WFPA) founded in 1953 and the International
Society for the Protection of Animals (ISPA) founded in 1959. In
June 2014, the charity became
World Animal Protection, at a cost of
Animals in the Wild
In 1985 WSPA launched a campaign to outlaw bullfighting in cities in
France and Spain.
In the 1990s, the charity contributed to the prohibition of bear
dancing in Greece, Turkey and India. In India, the charity funded a
sanctuary for bears previously used in the trade.
BBC investigation in September 2013, the charity launched a
campaign against the caged civet coffee trade. Several retailers have
since stopped selling coffee produced by caged civets.
The charity campaigns in
Asia for an end to the bear bile industry.
In Pakistan they work to end bear baiting by campaigning for a change
in law, offering alternative livelihoods to bear owners and housing
bears rescued from bear baiting in a purpose built sanctuary.
Animals in Communities
The organization is working to end the inhumane culling of stray dogs,
which many countries do in a misguided effort to eliminate rabies.
The organization points out that vaccination programs are the only
effective way to eliminate rabies, and work with governments on
vaccination programs. In 2012, a mass vaccination program was
started in the Shaanxi, Guizhou and Anhui provinces of China, working
with the Chinese Animal Disease Control Centre; as of June 2014, 750
veterinarians have been trained and over 90,000 dogs have been
vaccinated. Mass vaccination programs have also been delivered in
Bali, The Philippines, Bangladesh, Kenya, Zanzibar, and Kathmandu,
A second focus is on stray dog population management itself, through
proven humane methods such as education, improved legislation,
registration and identification of dogs, sterilisation and
contraception, holding facilities and rehoming centres. They help
governments design a program, and monitor and evaluate progress, using
the model provided in the document "Humane Dog Population Management
Guidance," developed in November 2007 by The International Companion
Animal Management Coalition (ICAM Coalition), of which the
organization is a member.
Programs often include veterinary services such as mobile clinics for
stray cats and dogs or those belonging to people who cannot afford
veterinary care. The animals are sterilized, vaccinated, and
provided other needed veterinary care. Such programs are provided in
Sri Lanka, Zanzibar, Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Sierra Leone, and
A further focus is on helping working animals (horses, donkeys and
mules) in the West Bank, where mobile clinics were noticing increases
in signs of neglect and cruelty. Through a partner organization,
the Palestine Wildlife Society, "In each community, we train a few
people who can teach others about equine welfare. They attend
workshops and visit communities where our training is already having
an impact. They then share what they learn. Word spreads. Habits
Animal welfare improves. And, because their animals are
healthier, owners can earn a better living too."
Animals in Disasters
The charity has two disaster operations teams located in
Latin America. In the aftermath of disasters they travel to worst
affected areas to administer emergency veterinary care, distribute
food and reunite animals with their owners where possible. The work is
of particular benefit in developing world countries, where communities
rely on animals for food, transport and income. The charity also
works with governments and local animal welfare groups in
disaster-prone areas to set up national warning systems and teach
communities how to protect their animals in the event of a
In November 2013 the charity were filmed for a
BBC Documentary called
Vets in the Disaster Zone, during disaster response work in the
Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan. The programme aired on
BBC Two on 28
Animals in Farming
World Animal Protection works with governments, food businesses and
farmers to improve the welfare of farmed animals. They encourage the
general public to buy food produced in line with high welfare
In 2013 the charity joined with Compassion in
World Farming to create
a business benchmark on farm animal welfare (BBFAW). According to The
Guardian, there has been a 10 percent rise in companies publishing
farm animal welfare policies since the benchmark launched.
Global Animal Welfare
The charity is campaigning for a universal declaration on animal
welfare. In 2013 they successfully lobbied the
United Nations to
include language on animal welfare in two General Assembly Resolutions
on agriculture and disaster risk reduction.
Jeannette McDermott Award
Marcelle Meredith, CEO of the National Council of Societies for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - South Africa.
In 2015 the
World Animal Protection awarded Marcelle Meredith,
Executive Director of the National Council of Societies for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - South
Africa (NSPCA), and former
Board member of the
World Animal Protection, with the Jeannette
McDermott award for animal welfare. The award was created in
Canada by the
World Animal Protection in 1996 “in recognition of
someone’s life devoted to animal welfare.” Dominique Bellemare,
Chairman of WAP Canada stated: “Marcelle has done amazing work for
the past decade and for the cause of animal welfare. She has used her
years on the international platform to advance the cause of animal
welfare in Africa. I thank her profusely for all her work and
Animal welfare in the United Kingdom
World Animal Protection homepage,
World Animal Protection. Retrieved
^ Dominic Broadhurt, Janette Watson, Jane Marshall, Ethical and
Socially Responsible Investment: A Reference Guide for Researchers,
Walter de Gruyter. January 2003 (p. 72).
^ Susannah Birkwood,
World Society for the Protection of Animals
changes its name to
World Animal Protection, Third Sector. 11 June
2014. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
^ Jordi Casamitjana, Catalonia's bullfight ban a huge victory, CNN. 30
July 2010. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
^ Alex Kirby, Hope for India's dancing bears,
BBC News. 21 January
2003. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
^ Amanda Hodge, Curtain falls on India's dancing bears, The
Australian. 27 November 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
^ Guy Lynn, Chris Rogers,
Civet cat coffee's animal cruelty secrets,
BBC News. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
^ Sean Poulter, Leading retailers stop selling luxury cat dung coffee
after campaign over treatment of animals in rainforests of Indonesia,
Mail Online. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
^ 'Torture chamber' agony of China's bears,
BBC News. 5 April 2000.
^ Pakistan halts bear-baiting event,
BBC News. 18 May 2005. Retrieved
^ For example, "Cull of 30,000 pet dogs ordered after deadly rabies
outbreak in Chinese city", Tania Branigan, The Guardian, 3 August
2011; and "Stray dogs must be culled,
Bali governor says", Ni Komang
Erviani, The Jakarta Post, 27 June 2014.
^ "Ending inhumane dog culling",
World Animal Protection, accessed 19
July 2014; see also "Mass rabies vaccinations called for", China
Daily, 29 September 2013.
^ a b "Mass dog vaccination program to combat rabies", china.org.cn,
18 June 2014.
^ "Combatting rabies in Nepal",
World Animal Protection, accessed 19
^ "Stray dog population management",
World Animal Protection, accessed
19 July 2014; and the Humane Dog Population Management Guidance
document mentioned below.
^ "Humane Dog Population Management Guidance", The International
Companion Animal Management Coalition (ICAM Coalition), November 2007.
^ "How one stray inspired Miranda Richardson's appeal to help
suffering canines worldwide", Elizabeth Sanderson, Mail Online, 15
^ "International Companion Animal Work",
World Animal Protection,
accessed 19 July 2014.
^ a b "Protecting working animals in the West Bank",
Protection, accessed 19 July 2014.
Animal welfare team in Solomons tsunami zone, ABC Radio Australia.
14 February 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
^ Tess Sprayson, Taking the lead: veterinary intervention in disaster
relief, British Vet Association. January 2006. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
^ Krista Mahr, On the Road with Disaster Vets in Burma, Time Magazine.
5 April 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
^ Vets in the Disaster Zone,
BBC Two. 16 May 2014. Retrieved
^ Michael Mosley, 'We get buffalo to take their medicine by serving it
in lager bottles!' Meet the inspiring vets battling to save the lives
of animals caught up in natural disasters, Mail Online. 28 April 2014.
^ Nicolette Fox, Business Benchmark: the animal welfare index, The
Guardian. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
^ Leona backs animal welfare cause, Metro. 27 October 2009. Retrieved
NSPCA (2016-06-10). "International Award for Marcelle
NSPCA Cares about all Animals. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
^ "Move the world to protect animals".
World Animal Protection
International. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
World Animal Protection homepage
Animals in disasters bl