Woodstock is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. The city has a
population of 40,902 according to the 2016 Canadian census. Woodstock
is the seat of Oxford County, at the head of the non-navigable Thames
River, approximately 128 km from Toronto, and 43 km from
London, Ontario. The city is known as the Dairy Capital of
1 History 2 Historical events
2.1 Mowat's provincial premiership 2.2 1890 Birchall Trial 2.3 1979 tornado
3 Climate 4 Demographics 5 Government 6 Healthcare 7 Sister cities 8 Culture
8.1 Festivals 8.2 Year-round attractions 8.3 Cultural
9 Downtown 10 Historical landmarks
10.1 The Town Hall 10.2 The Market Building 10.3 Woodstock Jail/Gaol 10.4 Woodstock Public Library 10.5 Oxford County Court House 10.6 City Hall/Old Post Office 10.7 Old Fire Hall 10.8 Woodstock Armoury 10.9 Woodstock Via Station 10.10 Pattulo's Fountain 10.11 Old Registry Building 10.12 Oxford Hotel 10.13 Captain Andrew Drew House 10.14 Hawkin's Chapel 10.15 Hugh Richardson House 10.16 James Hay residence 10.17 Perry-Hill Home; "House of the Valley" 10.18 T.L. "Carbide" Willson House
11.1 Post-Secondary 11.2 Secondary schools 11.3 Elementary schools
12 Sports and recreation 13 Natural areas and parks
13.1 Burgess Park 13.2 Harry Roth Park 13.3 Homer Brown 13.4 McIntosh Park 13.5 Gordon Pittock Conservation Area
14.1 Pittock Dam 14.2 Woodstock Airport
16 Transportation 17 Media 18 Notable people 19 Historical figures 20 Further reading 21 References 22 External links
Sir John Graves Simcoe
The community was first settled in 1800 after it was determined by Sir
John Graves Simcoe, governor of what was then known as Upper Canada,
that the area would make a good townsite. The early settlers were
generally American immigrants from New York state, such as Levi Burtch
and Dr. Levi Hoyt Perry.
Increased immigration from
Climate data for Woodstock (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.3 (64.9) 20.0 (68) 25.0 (77) 30.5 (86.9) 35.0 (95) 37.0 (98.6) 38.9 (102) 36.1 (97) 37.2 (99) 29.4 (84.9) 22.8 (73) 18.0 (64.4) 38.9 (102)
Average high °C (°F) −1.9 (28.6) −0.5 (31.1) 4.4 (39.9) 12.1 (53.8) 19.0 (66.2) 24.4 (75.9) 26.6 (79.9) 25.5 (77.9) 21.3 (70.3) 14.1 (57.4) 7.2 (45) 0.9 (33.6) 12.8 (55)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.8 (21.6) −4.7 (23.5) −0.3 (31.5) 6.8 (44.2) 13.1 (55.6) 18.5 (65.3) 20.8 (69.4) 19.8 (67.6) 15.7 (60.3) 9.2 (48.6) 3.5 (38.3) −2.5 (27.5) 7.8 (46)
Average low °C (°F) −9.6 (14.7) −8.9 (16) −4.9 (23.2) 1.4 (34.5) 7.2 (45) 12.6 (54.7) 14.9 (58.8) 14.0 (57.2) 10.0 (50) 4.2 (39.6) −0.3 (31.5) −5.9 (21.4) 2.9 (37.2)
Record low °C (°F) −36.7 (−34.1) −32.2 (−26) −31.1 (−24) −16.7 (1.9) −6.7 (19.9) −0.5 (31.1) 2.8 (37) 0.6 (33.1) −3.9 (25) −10.6 (12.9) −21.1 (−6) −29.4 (−20.9) −36.7 (−34.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.5 (2.657) 60.0 (2.362) 62.9 (2.476) 80.0 (3.15) 88.6 (3.488) 82.8 (3.26) 103.8 (4.087) 82.3 (3.24) 92.0 (3.622) 77.7 (3.059) 93.7 (3.689) 78.0 (3.071) 969.0 (38.15)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 34.9 (1.374) 35.0 (1.378) 43.7 (1.72) 75.1 (2.957) 88.5 (3.484) 82.8 (3.26) 103.8 (4.087) 82.3 (3.24) 92.0 (3.622) 76.2 (3) 85.5 (3.366) 49.1 (1.933) 848.8 (33.417)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 32.6 (12.83) 24.9 (9.8) 19.2 (7.56) 4.9 (1.93) 0.1 (0.04) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.5 (0.59) 8.2 (3.23) 28.9 (11.38) 120.3 (47.36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 15.5 11.9 12.5 13.7 13.2 10.6 12.7 11.2 12.7 13.7 15.3 14.8 157.7
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5.0 5.2 7.3 12.4 13.2 10.6 12.7 11.2 12.7 13.7 12.4 7.3 123.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 11.2 7.8 5.9 1.9 0.04 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.54 3.5 8.4 39.1
Source: Environment Canada
Year Pop. ±%
1841 1,085 —
1871 3,982 +267.0%
1881 5,373 +34.9%
1891 8,612 +60.3%
1901 8,833 +2.6%
1911 9,320 +5.5%
1921 9,935 +6.6%
1931 11,395 +14.7%
1941 12,339 +8.3%
1951 15,544 +26.0%
1961 20,486 +31.8%
1971 26,173 +27.8%
1981 26,603 +1.6%
1991 30,075 +13.1%
1996 32,253 +7.2%
2001 33,061 +2.5%
2006 35,480 +7.3%
2011 37,754 +6.4%
2016 40,902 +8.3%
2016 2011 2006
Population: 40902 (8.3% from 2011) 37754 (5.4% from 2006) 35480 (6.6% from 2001)
Land area: 48.97 km2 (18.91 sq mi) 49.00 km2 (18.92 sq mi) 43.79 km2 (16.91 sq mi)
Population density: 835.3/km2 (2,163/sq mi) 770.5/km2 (1,996/sq mi) 810.3/km2 (2,099/sq mi)
40.7 (M: 39.2, F: 42.4) 39.7 (M: 37.9, F: 41.3)
Total private dwellings: 17530 16448 14960
Median household income: $68213
References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier
Woodstock City Hall.
The city government, Woodstock City Council, consists of four city
councilors, two city and county councilors, and the mayor who serves
as the Head of Council. Trevor Birtch defeated one term incumbent Pat
Sobeski in the municipal election of 2014.
Woodstock is the seat of Oxford County, with the recently constructed
County Administration Building located across from City Hall in the
area of Dundas and Reeve Streets. The city is governed by both the
city and Oxford county councils, each with specific "spheres of
jurisdiction". During 2005 economic development services, then
exclusive to the county, was negotiated away from them by former mayor
For provincial and federal elections, Woodstock is included in the
riding of Oxford. Currently, the MP of Oxford is Dave MacKenzie
(Conservative), and the MPP is
Ernie Hardeman (Progressive
Woodstock General Hospital was located on Riddell Street in central
Woodstock for over a century. In the fall of 2011, the WGH moved to a
new location in a newly developing area in the southern end of
Woodstock. Through millions of dollars in local private donations,
backed by government grants, the city now has a new state-of-the-art
medical facility. The new hospital is close to highway 401, the
busiest highway in North America, and has many upgrades including
a helipad and an MRI/cancer centre. It caters to a population of about
55000 people. It has a workforce of nearly 600 people and 270
Woodstock was the former home of the Oxford Regional Centre. Opened in
1906 as the Hospital for Epileptics, it was later renamed the Ontario
Hospital in 1919. Originally on the west side of Highway 59, the
hospital then expanded on the east side in the 1950s and transformed
into a house for mentally disabled individuals. At its peak, the
centre employed 1500 people. It closed its doors in 1996, and since
then all buildings have been demolished except for part of the
powerhouse, now the Sally Creek Bistro, and the mess hall which has
been converted into a community centre for Sally Creek. As well a
carved insert with the words "
The Woodstock Wood Show
The Woodstock Car Show & Shop
Gallery Cinemas Theatre Woodstock OLG Slots Ross Butler Studio Agricultural Art Gallery 4Cats Art Studio Spray'n Play Water Park, Southside Aquatic Centre
Woodstock Museum - National Historic Site Woodstock Art Gallery Woodstock Peace Lighthouse Theatre Woodstock
The Woodstock Art Gallery is located at 449 Dundas Street in the renovated John White Building. The Art Gallery, which originally started in the basement of the Woodstock Public Library, proudly showcases the work of Florence Carlyle. Theatre Woodstock houses plays year-round in the former market building across from the museum. Downtown Downtown Woodstock stretches from Vansittart Avenue to Huron Street on Dundas Street, the city's main street. It houses the city's banks, administration buildings, independent retailers and several restaurants. The majority of buildings are a century old. Downtown promotes itself through its Business Improvement Area members as a place to shop, work, play and dine. Although there are a few vacancies in the city centre, the downtown is full of beautiful historic buildings and several unique retail outlets.In the 1990s the city undertook an extensive makeover of the main street, adding many gardens and cobbled sidewalks. Every summer the main street is shut down for the city's "Summer Streetfest" celebrations, a mix of retail sales and various entertainment. Historical landmarks The Town Hall The Old Town Hall, now the Woodstock Museum, NHS was built in 1853 and modelled architecturally on the Town Hall in Woodstock, England. Designed by Peter Craib, the Town Hall was built by David White, W.P. Dixon and William McKay. It is majestic for its size, with semi-circular windows and a domed cupola. It served as the first market, first fire hall, community hall, and lockup for the town, and was the location of the world-famous Birchall-Benwell murder trial in 1890. Canada's first elected female mayor, Bernadette Smith, served here from 1952-1965, and the original town council chamber used from 1871 to 1968 inside has been restored. (Start, Turner, Gardhouse, Bennett, Historic Buildings of Woostock, Ontario) The Market Building
The Woodstock Market was built in 1895 by the architect W.B. Ford, using 140,000 feet of lumber, 1 1/4 tons of nails, and 1 1/4 miles of putty on a site previously occupied by wooden market sheds. The low roof and wide canopies are typical of market construction in this period, and interesting features included the twin towers, the drinking fountain at the front door, and the use of stone in the trim. (Start, Turner, Gardhouse, Bennett, Historic Public Buildings of Woodstock, Ontario) Woodstock Jail/Gaol
Oxford County Gaol
The old jail was built in 1854 by Hamilton architects Clark and Murray in the Italianate style, with many arches, and an octagonal 2 1/2 storey tower; in this case, the architecture camouflages the function of the institution. Four men and one woman were hanged in the yard, including the infamous Birchall, who posing as "Lord Somerset" duped the entire town and murdered his gentlemen farmer apprentice; this was Victorian Canada's most sensational murder case. The death mask at the entrance is of blind Thomas Cook, hanged in 1862 for murdering his wife; his head rolled into the crowd, and afterwards public hangings were discontinued. The building was recently restored by Carlos Ventin of The Ventin Group architects of Simcoe, after a decade of lobbying by the "Save the Jail" Committee, with spectacular results, and is now occupied by Oxford County Public Health.(Start, Turner, Gardhouse, Bennett, Historic Public Buildings of Woodstock, Ontario) Woodstock Public Library
Woodstock Public Library
The Woodstock Public Library was built in 1909 by Chadwick and Beckett
Oxford County Court House
Built in 1892 to replace a Regency predecessor of 1839, the Courthouse is a massive building of sandstone in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, with a complex roof line. The first architect was dismissed in 1890 after the walls were found to be faulty, and replaced by Cuthbertson of Woodstock and Fowler of Toronto. Monkey heads are hidden among the capitals of the red marble pillars at the two front entrances, and the monkey at the peak is said to have been carved by the contractor to represent the county council after a dispute over payment. City Hall/Old Post Office
Woodstock City Hall building
The current City Hall was originally built in 1901 as a post office during the term of Alexander McClenaghan, postmaster for thirty years. Bourgue DesRivieres of Ottawa were the architects and William Hall Burns, a prominent Ottawa sculptor of the Library of Parliament, was commissioned to do the exterior stone carving. Built of warm sandstone, with decorative trim in the gables and a bold corner tower with four clocks, it was converted to municipal offices in 1968. Start, Turner, Gardhouse, Bennett, Historic Public Buildings of Woodstock, Ontario Old Fire Hall
Old Perry Street Fire Hall
The Perry Street firehall was built in 1899 at a cost of $7,500 to house the horse-drawn wagons. On Saturday evenings, people would gather to see the horses rush out of their stalls at the sound of the regular 9 o'clock bell, race around the building and back themselves into the shafts ready to be harnessed by firefighters as they slid down the pole from their upstairs quarters. The firehall features a square tower with detailed brickwork at the top, and a miniature tower to the right. The tower bell used to ring for fires, curfews, and lost children, and is now mounted in Southside Park. (Start, Turner, Gardhouse, Bennett, Historic Public Buildings of Woodstock, Ontario) Woodstock Armoury
Old Armoury building
The old Armouries was erected in 1904 by Nagle and Mills of Ingersoll as the home of the Oxford Rifles until 1954. The crenelated towers give it an appearance of heavy fortification, and its architecture reveals function through its exterior form, making interesting use of stone and brick. In 1971, after being declared surplus to Department of National Defense needs, it was transformed into offices for the Oxford County Board of Education, at which times its two wrought-iron spiral staircases (valued at $3000) were sold at public auction for $250 apiece. A stone cairn made with stones from the beach of Dieppe, where members of the Battalion participated in The Battle of Dieppe in August 1942, accounts the history of the Oxford Rifles. Woodstock Via Station
The Grand Trunk Railway owned and operated the Woodstock trains in 1914. They would later go bankrupt and be bought out by CN. Via now resides in the heritage building once occupied by Grand Trunk. Pattulo's Fountain
This fountain sits in front of The Woodstock Museum or Old Town Hall. The fountain was erected in 1916 in honour of Andrew Pattulo, who was head of the Sentinel-Review newspaper in the early twentieth century. Old Registry Building
Old Registry Office
The Old Registry Office, now housing Oxford County Social Services,
was constructed in 1876 to replace an earlier building on the County
Square's opposite front corner, and served as a registry office until
1952. Italianate in style like the old jail, it is highlighted by
semi-circular masonry over the windows carried out in the arch over
the door. Its walls are two feet thick and its roof is said to be
filled with sand, making the structure fireproof, and conforming to
design plans common to registry offices of that era in Ontario. Start,
Turner, Gardhouse, Bennett, Historic Public Buildings of Woodstock,
The Oxford Hotel, located across from Market Square and the Town Hall
in Woodstock, was built in 1880 as "The O’Neill House". It saw
guests such as Oscar Wilde and Reginald Birchall, and later had a
double purpose – it was the meeting spot for media in Birchall's
trial. In 1895, the hotel saw a new owner, who named it "Oxford" and
it would change hands twice more in the twentieth century. The Oxford
Hotel also booked some interesting acts. In 1924, the "Human Fly", who
was then all the rage across
Fanshawe College, the city's only post-secondary institution
The campus is located at the south end of the city, offering a variety of full- and part-time programs. Fanshawe has applied for a permit to add onto their campus. The addition would double the size of the current campus and allow the institution to offer a much wider selection of programs. Secondary schools
School Within A College (SWAC)-Woodstock (Alternative Education) Woodstock Collegiate Institute Huron Park Secondary School College Avenue Secondary School St Mary's High School (Catholic) Ecole Secondaire Notre Dame
Elementary schools - Thames Valley District School Board (Anglophone, Public)
Algonquin Public School (1994), 634.
Central Public School (1880s), 289.
Eastdale Public School (1955), 278.
Northdale Public School (1950), 264.
Oliver Stephens Public School.
Southside Public School (1956), 266.
Springbank Public School (1964), 272.
Winchester Street Public School (1963), 192. Originally D.M.
Sutherland Senior Public School.
- London District Catholic School Board (Anglophone, Catholic)
St Michael's Catholic School (1967), 300. Holy Family Catholic French Immersion (1996). Originally St. Mary's High School (1981), 192. St Patrick's Catholic School (unknown), 249.
- Conseil scolaire catholique Providence (Francophone, Catholic)
École élémentaire Sainte-Marguerite-Bourgeoys (2011, current Bristol St. location). Originally located at 345 Huron St.
Sports and recreation
The Gordon Pittock Conservation area at the Northeastern Edge of the city.
Woodstock has several parks and gardens. Most notable is Southside
Park, which has a playground, baseball diamonds, public washrooms,
soccer fields, gardens, and a new Skatepark. It also has a large pond,
and many walking trails. Tip O'Neill Field at Southside Park is home
for the Woodstock Rangers OBA Junior baseball team.
At the North End of the city is Roth Park and the Gordon Pittock
Conservation Area, which stretch along the shores Gordon Pittock
Reservoir, an artificial lake created by the construction of the
Pittock Dam. This park contains a playground and several kilometers of
walking, running, and biking trails.
The Woodstock Dragon Boat Club also uses the Gordon Pittock Reservoir
as their home. They are a growing dragon boat community consisting of
both adult and junior teams.
Woodstock has two ice rinks, two at the Community Complex at the south
end of the city, and one at the fairgrounds in the central region.
Southwood Arena at the Community Complex is home for the Woodstock
Navy-Vets OHA Junior hockey team.
Woodstock also has a roller derby team. The Woodstock Warriors.
Woodstock roller derby was founded in 2011.
The Woodstock Soccer Club has built an indoor and outdoor soccer park
in the northwestern corner of the city, at the former site of the
Oxford Regional Centre. The city has two indoor swimming pools,
Southside Aquatic Centre, and the YMCA. With one outdoor pool, the
The city's fine Craigowan (Oxford) Golf Club, a private facility,
dates from 1909, on a different site from that used by the current
course. It has hosted provincial championships, and in 2014 staged the
Canadian Women's Amateur Championship.
Natural areas and parks
Oxford Road 59 N. 28.5 ha (70.5 acres) of naturalized area outside of
city limits. Part of the Upper Thame River Conservation Authority.
Harry Roth Park
Huron St. 10 ha (25 acres) for passive recreations and fishing. Part
of the Upper Thames River Conversation Authority.
Pavey St. 3 ha (8 acres) of parkland.
Butler St. This park, with an area of 4.5 ha (11 acres), was named
after the former operators of a wood and coal business and later an
ice factory. It is located on the former site of McIntosh Mill Pond.
Gordon Pittock Conservation Area
725138 Pittock Park Rd. Passive recreation and fishing. Hunting is
restricted. Part of the Upper Thames River Conservation Authority.
Main article: Pittock Dam
Construction was started on the dam in 1964 and officially completed
in 1967. The cost of the dam and land base at that time was close to
$6 million. Present annual maintenance costs are about $40,000.
The Woodstock Airport is located 2.5 nautical miles (4.6 km) west
General Motors National Parts Distribution Warehouse, the largest of
its kind in Canada.
Vuteq Canada, an automotive supply company to General Motors and
FM 94.3 - CJFH, "Hope FM" :Christian music
FM 103.9 - CKDK "
There is one licensed over-the-air television station in Woodstock:
OTA virtual channel (PSIP) OTA actual channel Call sign Network Notes
31.1 31 (UHF) CITY-DT-2 City Rebroadcaster of CITY-DT
Woodstock is also served by media from nearby London, Ontario. Notable people
Mary Bothwell, opera singer and painter Ross Butler, painter Florence Carlyle, painter Don Coles, poet Jake Muzzin, professional ice hockey player, Stanley Cup winner with the 2014 Los Angeles Kings Andrea Roth, actress Garth Turner, business journalist Bob White, President, Canadian Auto Workers Kevin Zegers, child actor and model Catherine Bond-Mills , Olympic Heptathlon athlete
Reginald Birchall Joseph W. Boyle Thomas Dufferin Pattullo
Art Williams. Bits & Pieces: A Montage of Woodstock,
^ "City of Woodstock: Local History". woodstock.on.ca. Retrieved 6
^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and
territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006
censuses". 2016 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 18,
^ Natural Resources
Wikinews has related news: Eight year old Victoria Stafford of Ontario missing since Wednesday
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Woodstock, Ontario.
City of Woodstock official website Oxford County Official website Information Oxford Business directory, Events, Social Services etc. "Woodstock, Can.". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914.
Places adjacent to Woodstock, Ontario