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The Women's Engineering Society is a
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shortha ...
professional learned society and networking body for women engineers, scientists and technologists. It was the first professional body set up for women working in all areas of engineering, predating the Society of Women Engineers by around 30 years.


History

The society was formed on 23rd June 1919, after the
First World War World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "The war to end war, the war ...
, during which many women had taken up roles in engineering to replace men who were involved in the military effort. While it had been seen as necessary to bring women into engineering to fill the gap left by men joining the armed forces, government, employers and trades unions were against the continuing employment of women after the war. The Restoration of Pre-War Practices Act 1919 gave soldiers returning from World War I their pre-war jobs back and meant many women could no longer work in roles they were employed to fill during the war. This led a group of seven women, including Lady Katharine Parsons, her daughter Rachel Parsons (engineer), Rachel Parsons, Margaret, Lady Moir, Lady Margaret Moir, and Laura Annie Willson, to form the Women's Engineering Society, with the aim of enabling women to gain training, jobs and acceptance. The Society's first Secretary was Caroline Haslett. Early members in the 1920s and 1930s, included Verena Holmes, Hilda Lyon, Margaret Partridge and Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham, Margaret Rowbotham. Pilot and engineer, Amy Johnson, who was the first woman to fly solo from the United Kingdom to Australia, was a member of WES and served as president between 1935-37. A registry of members from 1935 shows there were members from across the world, such as the United States of America, including sociologist and industrial engineer Lillian Moller Gilbreth, Lillian Gilbreth, and Germany, including Asta Hampe and Ilse Knott-ter Meer, Ilse Knot-ter Meer. The society celebrated its 95th year in 2014 with the launch of International Women in Engineering Day on 23 June 2014. It celebrated its centenary in 2019 with the launch of the WES Centenary Trail, a project to highlight the historic stories of women engineers.


Work and campaigns

Society members have advised the UK government on evolving employment practices for women. Constituted as a professional society with membership grades based on qualification and experience, the society promotes the study and practice of engineering and allied sciences among women. WES is represented by groups. The work of the groups focuses on: * support to members and women engineers in general, * encouragement of women to study engineering and take up engineering careers, * promotion of corporate gender diversity, * speaking as the collective voice of women engineers. The society produces the journal ''The Woman Engineer'' which was edited by Caroline Haslett in its early years. The journal contained technical articles in its early years but now gives a view of work in engineering disciplines and women's involvement in them. The digital archive of the journal is held by the Institution of Engineering and Technology. The Women's Engineering Society holds an annual conference, a student conference and regional workshops and networking events.


Outreach to schools

WES members volunteer in schools with the aim of inspiring girls to take up engineering and allied science careers. In 1969, President Verena Holmes left a legacy to fund an annual lecture to inspire school girls. Run by the Verena Holmes Trust, the first lecture tour was in 1969 during the first UK Women in Engineering Year. It was delivered at various venues to children aged nine to eleven to encourage their interest in engineering, The lectures were given by leading engineers with Mary Kendrick giving the lecture in 1981. Members provided the 'technical women power' for the Women in Science and Engineering (WISE) buses that were launched following the WISE Year in 1984, an initiative that continued into the 1990s. In 2014 WES set up an outreach programme called ''Magnificent Women (and their flying machines)'' which replicates the work that women did during the First World War in making aircraft wings, and this was aimed at secondary school girls. WES continue to undertake activities in schools through the UK STEM Ambassador scheme.


MentorSET

MentorSET is a Mentorship, mentoring scheme for engineers, inspired by the WES President Petra Gratton (née Godwin) in 2000. The scheme was a collaborative project with national network of women scientists (AWISE). It was a mentoring scheme to help women in their career and to support them back into engineering after a career break. MentorSET has been funded by DTI, the UK Resource Centre for Women in SET, and BAE Systems. In 2015 the MentorSET programme was relaunched with funding from DECC, now Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, BEIS and Women in Nuclear and is now relevant to women working in science and technology as well as engineering.


Membership

Members are drawn from women who have entered the profession through routes varying from traditional apprenticeship to higher education leading to graduate and further degrees. The participation of male engineers in the society is encouraged. Current membership exceeds 1000 individuals and over 35 corporate and education partners.


Presidents


Notable historical members


See also

*History of women in engineering in the United Kingdom *Atalanta Ltd *Electrical Association for Women


References


External links

* * http://www.mentorset.org.uk/ The website of MentorSET * http://www.nwed.org.uk The website of National Women in Engineering Day {{authority control Women's Engineering Society, Engineering societies based in the United Kingdom Institution of Engineering and Technology Organisations based in Hertfordshire Organizations established in 1919 Science and technology in Hertfordshire Stevenage Women in engineering Women's organisations based in the United Kingdom 1919 establishments in the United Kingdom