Wisconsin State Assembly
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The Wisconsin State Assembly is the
lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporated community in Apache County *Chambers, Nebraska *Chambers, Wes ...
of the
Wisconsin Legislature The Wisconsin Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The Legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Wisconsin State Senate and the lower Wisconsin State Assembly, both of which have had Repub ...
. Together with the smaller
Wisconsin Senate The Wisconsin Senate is the upper house of the Wisconsin State Legislature. Together with the larger Wisconsin State Assembly they constitute the legislative branch of the state of Wisconsin. The powers of the Wisconsin Senate are modeled after t ...
, the two constitute the
legislative branch A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is the body of ethics, Procedural law, rules, and Norm (sociology) ...
of the
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of
Wisconsin Wisconsin () is a in the , bordered by to the west, to the southwest, to the south, to the east, to the northeast, and to the north. Wisconsin is the and the . Three of its largest cities are situated on the southwestern shore of L ...

Wisconsin
. Representatives are elected for two-year terms, elected during the fall elections. If a vacancy occurs in an Assembly seat between elections, it may be filled only by a special election. The
Wisconsin Constitution The Constitution of the State of Wisconsin is the constitution, governing document of the U.S. State of Wisconsin. It establishes the structure and function of state government, describes the state boundaries, and declares the rights of state citi ...
limits the size of the State Assembly to between 54 and 100 members inclusive. Since 1973, the state has been divided into 99 Assembly districts apportioned amongst the state based on population as determined by the decennial census, for a total of 99 representatives. From 1848 to 1853 there were 66 assembly districts; from 1854 to 1856, 82 districts; from 1857 to 1861, 97 districts; and from 1862 to 1972, 100 districts. The size of the
Wisconsin State Senate The Wisconsin Senate is the upper house of the Wisconsin State Legislature. Together with the larger Wisconsin State Assembly they constitute the legislative branch of the state of Wisconsin Wisconsin () is a state in the Upper Midwe ...
is tied to the size of the Assembly; it must be between one-fourth and one-third the size of the Assembly. Presently, the Senate has 33 members, with each Senate district formed by combining three neighboring Assembly districts. The Assembly chamber is located in the west wing of the
Wisconsin State Capitol The Wisconsin State Capitol, located in Madison, Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, houses both chambers of the Wisconsin Legislature, Wisconsin legislature along with the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the List of Governors of Wisconsin, Office of the G ...

Wisconsin State Capitol
building, in
Madison, Wisconsin Madison is the capital city, capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the county seat, seat of Dane County, Wisconsin, Dane County. As of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 census the population was 269,840 which made it the second-largest c ...
.


History

On July 8, 2015 a case was filed with the
U.S. District Court The United States district courts are the general trial court A trial court or court of first instance is a court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adjudication, adjudicate leg ...
for the Western District of Wisconsin arguing that Wisconsin's 2011 state assembly map was unconstitutional partisan gerrymandering favoring the Republican Party (United States), Republican-controlled legislature which discriminated against Democratic Party (United States), Democratic voters. This case became filed with the court as ''Whitford v. Gill, Whitford v Gill.'' The case made it to the United States Supreme Court, which vacated and remanded the case. The Supreme Court held that the plaintiff challenging the state assembly map did not have standing to sue. In the Opinion of the Court, Chief Justice John Roberts stated that "[a] federal court is not 'a forum for generalized grievances," and the requirement of such a personal stake 'ensures that courts exercise power that is judicial in nature." ''Gill v. Whitford, 128 S.Ct. 1916 (2018).'' We enforce that requirement by insisting that a plaintiff [have] Article III standing..." Justice Kagan filed a concurring opinion, in which Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, and Sotomayor joined. Justice Thomas filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which Justice Gorsuch joined.


Salary and benefits

Representatives elected or re-elected in the fall of 2016 receive an annual salary of $50,950. In addition to their salaries, representatives outside Dane County, Wisconsin, Dane County may receive up to $88 per diem, per day in living expenses while in Madison, Wisconsin, Madison on state business. Members of the Dane County, Wisconsin, Dane County delegation are allowed up to $44 per day in expenses. Each representative also receives $75 per month in "out-of-session" pay when the legislature is in session for three days or less. Over two years, each representative is allotted $12,000 to cover general office expenses, printing, postage and district mailings. According to a 1960 study, at that time Assembly salaries and benefits were so low that in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, Milwaukee County, positions on the County Board of Supervisors and the Milwaukee Common Council were considered more desirable than seats in the Assembly, and an average of 23% of Milwaukee legislators did not seek re-election. This pattern was not seen to hold to the same extent in the rest of the state, where local offices tended to pay less well.


Current session


Composition


Assembly officers


Members

The corresponding state senate districts are shown as a senate district is formed by nesting three assembly districts. Currently the list of Assembly Committees is quite lengthy.


Past composition of the Assembly


See also

*
Wisconsin Legislature The Wisconsin Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The Legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Wisconsin State Senate and the lower Wisconsin State Assembly, both of which have had Repub ...
*
Wisconsin Senate The Wisconsin Senate is the upper house of the Wisconsin State Legislature. Together with the larger Wisconsin State Assembly they constitute the legislative branch of the state of Wisconsin. The powers of the Wisconsin Senate are modeled after t ...


References


External links


Wisconsin State Assembly
''official government website''
State Assembly of Wisconsin
at Project Vote Smart *
Legislature Salary
{{Authority control Wisconsin State Assembly, State lower houses in the United States