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Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics. Owned by Condé Nast, it is headquartered in San Francisco, California, and has been in publication since March/April 1993.[2] Several spin-offs have been launched, including Wired UK, Wired Italia, Wired Japan, and Wired Germany. In its earliest colophons, Wired credited Canadian media theorist Marshall McLuhan
Marshall McLuhan
as its "patron saint." From its beginning, the strongest influence on the magazine's editorial outlook came from techno-utopian cofounder Stewart Brand
Stewart Brand
and his associate Kevin Kelly.[3] From 1998 to 2006, Wired magazine
Wired magazine
and Wired News
Wired News
(which publishes at Wired.com) had separate owners. However, Wired News
Wired News
remained responsible for republishing Wired magazine's content online due to an agreement when Condé Nast
Condé Nast
purchased the magazine. In 2006, Condé Nast bought Wired News
Wired News
for $25 million, reuniting the magazine with its website. Wired contributor Chris Anderson is known for popularizing the term "the Long Tail",[4] as a phrase relating to a "power law"-type graph that helps to visualize the 2000s emergent new media business model. Anderson's article for Wired on this paradigm related to research on power law distribution models carried out by Clay Shirky, specifically in relation to bloggers. Anderson widened the definition of the term in capitals to describe a specific point of view relating to what he sees as an overlooked aspect of the traditional market space that has been opened up by new media.[5] The magazine coined the term "crowdsourcing",[6] as well as its annual tradition of handing out Vaporware
Vaporware
Awards, which recognize "products, videogames and other nerdy tidbits pitched, promised and hyped, but never delivered".[7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The Anderson era

2 Website

2.1 WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
affair

3 NextFest 4 Supplement 5 Contributors 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit]

Cover of Wired issue 1.4 September/October 1993

The magazine was founded by American journalist Louis Rossetto
Louis Rossetto
and his partner Jane Metcalfe, along with Ian Charles Stewart, in 1993 with initial backing from software entrepreneur Charlie Jackson and eclectic academic Nicholas Negroponte
Nicholas Negroponte
of the MIT Media Lab, who was a regular columnist for six years (through 1998) and wrote the book Being Digital. The founding designers were John Plunkett and Barbara Kuhr (Plunkett+Kuhr), beginning with a 1991 prototype and continuing through the first five years of publication, 1993–98. Wired, which touted itself as "the Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
of technology",[8] made its debut at the Macworld
Macworld
conference on January 2, 1993.[9] A great success at its launch, it was lauded for its vision, originality, innovation, and cultural impact.[citation needed] In its first four years, the magazine won two National Magazine
Magazine
Awards for General Excellence and one for Design.

Wired building located in San Francisco

The founding executive editor of Wired, Kevin Kelly, was an editor of the Whole Earth Catalog
Whole Earth Catalog
and the Whole Earth Review and brought with him contributing writers from those publications. Six authors of the first Wired issue (1.1) had written for Whole Earth Review, most notably Bruce Sterling
Bruce Sterling
(who was highlighted on the first cover)[2] and Stewart Brand. Other contributors to Whole Earth appeared in Wired, including William Gibson, who was featured on Wired's cover in its first year and whose article "Disneyland with the Death Penalty" in issue 1.4 resulted in the publication being banned in Singapore.[10] Wired cofounder Louis Rossetto
Louis Rossetto
claimed in the magazine's first issue that "the Digital Revolution is whipping through our lives like a Bengali typhoon,"[11] yet despite the fact that Kelly was involved in launching the WELL, an early source of public access to the Internet and even earlier non-Internet online experience, Wired's first issue de-emphasized the Internet and covered interactive games, cell-phone hacking, digital special effects, military simulations, and Japanese otaku. However, the first issue did contain a few references to the Internet, including online dating and Internet sex, and a tutorial on how to install a bozo filter. The last page, a column written by Nicholas Negroponte, was written in the style of an email message but contained obviously fake, non-standard email addresses. By the third issue in the fall of 1993, the "Net Surf" column began listing interesting FTP sites, Usenet newsgroups, and email addresses, at a time when the numbers of these things were small and this information was still extremely novel to the public. Wired was among the first magazines to list the email address of its authors and contributors. Associate publisher Kathleen Lyman (formerly of News Corporation
News Corporation
and Ziff Davis) was brought on board to launch Wired with an advertising base of major technology and consumer advertisers. Lyman, along with Simon Ferguson (Wired's first advertising manager), introduced revolutionary ad campaigns by a diverse group of industry leaders—such as Apple Computer, Intel, Sony, Calvin Klein, and Absolut—to the readers of the first technology publication with a lifestyle slant. The magazine was quickly followed by a companion website (HotWired), a book publishing division (HardWired), a Japanese edition, and a short-lived British edition (Wired UK). Wired UK
Wired UK
was relaunched in April 2009.[12] In 1994, John Battelle, cofounding editor, commissioned Jules Marshall to write a piece on the Zippies. The cover story broke records for being one of the most publicized stories of the year and was used to promote Wired's HotWired news service.[13] HotWired spawned websites Webmonkey, the search engine HotBot, and a weblog, Suck.com. In June 1998, the magazine launched a stock index, the Wired Index, called the Wired 40 since July 2003. The fortune of the magazine and allied enterprises corresponded closely to that of the dot-com bubble. In 1996, Rossetto and the other participants in Wired Ventures attempted to take the company public with an IPO. The initial attempt had to be withdrawn in the face of a downturn in the stock market, and especially the Internet sector, during the summer of 1996. The second try was also unsuccessful. Rossetto and Metcalfe lost control of Wired Ventures to financial investors Providence Equity Partners
Providence Equity Partners
in May 1998, which quickly sold off the company in pieces. Wired was purchased by Advance Publications, which assigned it to Advance's subsidiary, New York-based publisher Condé Nast Publications
Condé Nast Publications
(while keeping Wired's editorial offices in San Francisco).[14] Wired Digital (wired.com, hotbot.com, webmonkey.com, etc.) was purchased by Lycos
Lycos
and run independently from the rest of the magazine until 2006, when it was sold by Lycos
Lycos
to Advance Publications, returning the websites back to the same company that published the magazine. The Anderson era[edit]

Wilco
Wilco
at the Wired Rave Awards in 2003

Wired survived the dot-com bubble and found new direction under editor-in-chief Chris Anderson in 2001, making the magazine's coverage "more mainstream".[15] Under Anderson, Wired has produced some widely noted articles, including the April 2003 "Welcome to the Hydrogen Economy" story, the November 2003 "Open Source Everywhere" issue (which put Linus Torvalds on the cover and articulated the idea that the open source method was taking off outside of software, including encyclopedias as evidenced by), the February 2004 "Kiss Your Cubicle Goodbye" issue (which presented the outsourcing issue from both American and Indian perspectives), and an October 2004 article by Chris Anderson, which coined the popular term "Long Tail". The November 2004 issue of Wired was published with The Wired CD. All of the songs on the CD were released under various Creative Commons licenses, an attempt to push alternative copyright into the spotlight. Most of the songs were contributed by major artists, including the Beastie Boys, My Morning Jacket, Paul Westerberg, and David Byrne. In 2005, Wired received the National Magazine
Magazine
Award for General Excellence in the category of 500,000 to 1,000,000 subscribers.[16] That same year, Anderson won Advertising Age's editor of the year award.[16] In May 2007, the magazine again won the National Magazine Award for General Excellence.[17] In 2008, Wired was nominated for three National Magazine
Magazine
Awards and won the ASME for Design. It also took home 14 Society of Publication Design Awards, including the Gold for Magazine
Magazine
of the Year. In 2009, Wired was nominated for four National Magazine
Magazine
Awards – including General Excellence, Design, Best Section (Start), and Integration – and won three: General Excellence, Design, and Best Section (Start). David Rowan from Wired UK was awarded the BSME Launch of the Year 2009 Award.[18] On December 14, 2009, Wired magazine
Wired magazine
was named Magazine
Magazine
of the Decade by the editors of Adweek.[19] In 2006, writer Jeff Howe and editor Mark Robinson coined the term crowdsourcing in the June issue.[20] In 2009, Condé Nast
Condé Nast
Italia launched the Italian edition of Wired and Wired.it.[21] On April 2, 2009, Condé Nast
Condé Nast
relaunched the UK edition of Wired, edited by David Rowan, and launched Wired.co.uk.[22] Also in 2009, Wired writer Evan Ratliff "vanished", attempting to keep his whereabouts secret, saying "I will try to stay hidden for 30 days." A $5,000 reward was offered to his finder(s).[23] Ratliff was found September 8 in New Orleans by a team effort, which was written about by Ratliff in a later issue. In 2010, Wired released its tablet edition. In 2012, Limor Fried
Limor Fried
became the first female engineer featured on the cover of Wired.[24] In May 2013, Wired joined the Digital Video Network with the announcement of five original webseries, including the National Security Agency satire Codefellas
Codefellas
and the animated advice series Mister Know-It-All.[25][26] Website[edit]

Wired

Type of site

Technology
Technology
news

Owner Condé Nast; formerly Lycos; originally Wired magazine

Website www.wired.com

Alexa rank 1,200 (as of March 18, 2017[update])[27]

Commercial Yes

Launched November 20, 1992; 25 years ago (1992-11-20)

Current status Active

The Wired website, formerly known as Wired News
Wired News
and HotWired, launched in October 1994.[28] It split off from the magazine when it was purchased by Condé Nast
Condé Nast
Publishing in the 1990s. Wired News
Wired News
was owned by Lycos
Lycos
not long after the split, until Condé Nast
Condé Nast
purchased Wired News on July 11, 2006.[29] Wired.com hosts several technology blogs on topics in transportation, security, business, new products, video games, the "GeekDad" blog on toys, creating websites, cameras, culture, and science. It also publishes the Vaporware
Vaporware
Awards. As of February 2018, Wired.com is paywalled. Users may only access up to 5 articles per-month without payment.[30] WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
affair[edit] Wired was criticized[31][32] for its handling of the Adrian Lamo/ Chelsea Manning
Chelsea Manning
logs. Wired contributor Kevin Poulsen
Kevin Poulsen
used Lamo to obtain transcripts of the communications between Lamo and Manning that led to Manning's arrest over the "WikiLeaks" in 2010. Poulsen released approximately one third of the logs, but he and Wired editor-in-chief Evan Hansen refused to release more on grounds of privacy. The issue became a subject of controversy,[33] when Poulsen and Hansen attacked Wired critic Glenn Greenwald.[34] NextFest[edit]

Wired NextFest

From 2004 to 2008, Wired organized an annual "festival of innovative products and technologies".[35] A NextFest for 2009 was canceled.[36]

2004: May 14–16 at the Fort Mason Center, San Francisco 2005: June 24–26 at Navy Pier, Chicago 2006: September 28–October 1 at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York City 2007: September 13–16 at the Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles 2008: September 27–October 12 at Millennium Park, Chicago

Supplement[edit]

The Geekipedia supplement

Geekipedia is a supplement to Wired.[37]

Contributors[edit]

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Wired's writers have included Jorn Barger, John Perry Barlow, John Battelle, Paul Boutin, Stewart Brand, Gareth Branwyn, Po Bronson, Scott Carney, Michael Chorost, Douglas Coupland, James Daly, Joshua Davis, J. Bradford DeLong, Mark Dery, David Diamond, Cory Doctorow, Esther Dyson, Mark Frauenfelder, Simson Garfinkel, William Gibson, Dan Gillmor Mike Godwin, George Gilder, Lou Ann Hammond, Chris Hardwick, Virginia Heffernan, Danny Hillis, John Hodgman, Steven Johnson, Bill Joy, Richard Kadrey, Leander Kahney, Jon Katz, Jaron Lanier, Lawrence Lessig, Paul Levinson, Steven Levy, John Markoff, Wil McCarthy, [Russ Mitchell]], Glyn Moody, Belinda Parmar, Charles Platt, Josh Quittner, Spencer Reiss, Howard Rheingold, Rudy Rucker, Paul Saffo, Adam Savage, Evan Schwartz, Peter Schwartz, Alex Steffen, Neal Stephenson, Bruce Sterling, Kevin Warwick, Dave Winer, and Gary Wolf. Guest editors have included director J. J. Abrams, filmmaker James Cameron, architect Rem Koolhaas, former US President Barack Obama, director Christopher Nolan, tennis player Serena Williams, and video game designer Will Wright. See also[edit]

Why the Future Doesn't Need Us

References[edit]

^ "WMG Media Kit 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 3 March 2018.  ^ a b Alex French. "The Very First Issues of 19 Famous Magazines". Mental Floss. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ Stahlman, Mark (1996). "The English ideology and Wired Magazine". Imaginary Futures. Retrieved June 15, 2011.  ^ Manjoo, Farhad (July 14, 2008). "Long Tails and Big Heads". Slate.  ^ Anderson, Chris (May 8, 2005). "The Long Tail". Wired. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ Whitford, David (March 22, 2007). "Hired Guns on the Cheap". Fortune Small Business. Retrieved August 7, 2007.  ^ Calore, Michael (March 11, 2011). " Vaporware
Vaporware
2010: The Great White Duke". Wired.  ^ Cobb, Nathan (November 24, 1992). "Terminal Chic: Technology
Technology
is moving out of computers and into the culture". The Boston Globe. p. 29.  ^ Carr, David (July 27, 2003). "The Coolest Magazine
Magazine
on the Planet". New York Times.  ^ Mehegan, David (March 1, 1995). "Multimedia Animal Wired Visionary Nicholas Negroponte
Nicholas Negroponte
is MIT's Loud Voice of the Future". The Boston Globe.  ^ Leonard, Andrew (August 18, 1998). "Wired: The book". Salon.com. Retrieved 2011-06-24.  ^ Brook, Stephen (June 30, 2008). " Condé Nast
Condé Nast
to launch Wired in the UK". The Guardian. London.  ^ Wired. July 1994. p. 133. ^ Leibovich, Lori (May 8, 1998). "Wired nests with Condé Nast: Will the magazine's new owners dull its edge?". Salon.com. Retrieved 2011-06-24.  ^ Clifford, Stephanie (May 18, 2009). "Wired Struggles to Find Niche in Magazine
Magazine
World". New York Times. New York. Retrieved June 23, 2011.  ^ a b "Edge: Chris Anderson". Edge Foundation. Retrieved July 19, 2007.  ^ "2007 National Magazine
Magazine
Award Winners Announced" (Press release). American Society of Magazine
Magazine
Editors. May 1, 2007.  ^ "2009 BSME Awards: The 2009 Winners". British Society of Magazine Editors. Retrieved December 8, 2009.  ^ " Magazine
Magazine
of the Decade: Wired". AdweekMedia: Best of the 2000s. Retrieved December 19, 2009.  ^ David Whitford (March 22, 2007). "Hired Guns on the Cheap". Fortune Small Business. Retrieved August 7, 2007.  ^ "Anche l'Italia è Wired: ecco le reazioni dei blogger". Sky Italia (in Italian). March 5, 2009.  ^ Andrews, Robert (March 26, 2009). "Wired.co.uk Goes Live Ahead Of April 2 Mag Relaunch". paidContent:UK.  ^ Ratliff, Evan (August 14, 2009). "Author Evan Ratliff Is on the Lam. Locate Him and Win $5,000". Wired.  ^ "Meet the maker - MIT News Office". Web.mit.edu. 2013-05-31. Retrieved 2013-06-16.  ^ Erik Hayden (15 May 2013). "Conde Nast Entertainment Launches 'Wired' Video Channel". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-06-23.  ^ Erik Maza (2 May 2013). "Condé Entertainment Previews Video Channels for Vogue, Wired and Vanity Fair". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 2013-06-23.  ^ "Wired.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved March 18, 2017.  ^ Jeffrey Veen, HotWired Style, 1997, p14-15. ^ "WN: Wired News". 30 December 2005.  ^ "Paywalls make content better, Wired editor Nick Thompson says". Recode. Retrieved 2018-03-02.  ^ Greenwald, Glenn (December 20, 2010). "The worsening journalistic disgrace at Wired". Salon.  ^ "I don't get why he's not releasing the logs, redacted - Jay Rosen, NYU". Twitter. Retrieved October 7, 2014.  ^ Lewis, Paul (December 30, 2010). "Wired journalists deny cover-up over WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
boss and accused US soldier, The Guardian, Thursday 30 December 2010". Guardian. London. Retrieved December 8, 2011.  ^ "Response site set up by one critic". Heykevinpoulsen.com. Retrieved December 8, 2011.  ^ "Wired Nextfest". Archived from the original on April 27, 2009.  ^ Moses, Lucia (31 July 2009). "Wired Magazine
Magazine
Cancels NextFest". adweek.com. Adweek. Retrieved 15 October 2015.  ^ "Geekipedia". Wired. February 13, 2007. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

"Wired UK: what nearly happened", an article on the rise and fall of Wired UK Gary Wolf (2003). Wired: A Romance. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-375-50290-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wired magazine
Wired magazine
people.

Official website Wired Italy website Wired Japan website Wired UK
Wired UK
website

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See also

Science and technology magazines category Cell (journal) Communications of the ACM Computer (magazine) IEEE Spectrum Nature (journal) PNAS Proceedings of the Royal Society Science (journal) AlphaGalileo Ars Technica Gizmodo Lifehacker Slashdot TechCrunch Engadget CNET.com SmartPlanet Mas

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