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FILE EXPLORER, previously known as WINDOWS EXPLORER, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95
Windows 95
onwards. It provides a graphical user interface for accessing the file systems . It is also the component of the operating system that presents many user interface items on the monitor such as the taskbar and desktop . Controlling the computer is possible without Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
running (for example, the File
File
Run command in Task Manager on NT-derived versions of Windows will function without it, as will commands typed in a command prompt window).

CONTENTS

* 1 Overview

* 2 History

* 2.1 Windows 98
Windows 98
and Windows Desktop Update * 2.2 Windows Me
Windows Me
and Windows 2000
Windows 2000

* 2.3 Windows XP
Windows XP
and Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003

* 2.3.1 Task Pane * 2.3.2 Search companion * 2.3.3 Image handling * 2.3.4 Web publishing * 2.3.5 Other changes * 2.3.6 Removed and changed features

* 2.4 Windows Vista
Windows Vista
and Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008

* 2.4.1 Search, organizing "> The integrated media player in Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
playing a MIDI
MIDI
sequence.

The "Web-style" folders view, with the left Explorer pane displaying details for the object currently selected, is turned on by default. For certain file types, such as pictures and media files, a preview is also displayed in the left pane. The Windows 2000
Windows 2000
Explorer featured an interactive media player as the previewer for sound and video files. However, such a previewer can be enabled in Windows Me
Windows Me
through the use of folder customization templates. Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows 2000
Windows 2000
and Windows Me
Windows Me
allows for custom thumbnail previewers and tooltip handlers. The default file tooltip displays file title, author, subject and comments; this metadata may be read from a special NTFS
NTFS
stream, if the file is on an NTFS
NTFS
volume, or from an COM Structured Storage stream, if the file is a structured storage document. All Microsoft
Microsoft
Office documents since Office 95 make use of structured storage , so their metadata is displayable in the Windows 2000 Explorer default tooltip . File
File
shortcuts can also store comments which are displayed as a tooltip when the mouse hovers over the shortcut.

The right-hand pane, which usually just lists files and folders, can also be customized. For example, the contents of the system folders aren't displayed by default, instead showing in the right pane a warning to the user that modifying the contents of the system folders could harm their computer. It's possible to define additional Explorer panes by using DIV elements in folder template files. This feature was abused by computer viruses that employed malicious scripts, Java applets, or ActiveX
ActiveX
controls in folder template files as their infection vector. Two such viruses are VBS/Roor-C and VBS.Redlof.a.

Other Explorer UI elements that can be customized include columns in "Details" view, icon overlays, and search providers: the new DHTML-based search pane is integrated into Windows 2000
Windows 2000
Explorer, unlike the separate search dialog found in all previous Explorer versions.

Search capabilities were added, offering full-text searches of documents, with options to filter by date (including arbitrary ranges like "modified within the last week"), size, and file type. The Indexing Service has also been integrated into the operating system and the search pane built into Explorer allows searching files indexed by its database. The ability to customize the standard buttons was also added.

WINDOWS XP AND WINDOWS SERVER 2003

Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows XP
Windows XP

There were significant changes made to Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows XP , both visually and functionally. Microsoft
Microsoft
focused especially on making Explorer more discoverable and task-based, as well as adding a number of features to reflect the growing use of a computer as a digital hub .

Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003
contains all the same features as Windows XP, but the task panes and search companion are disabled by default.

Task Pane

The task pane is displayed on the left-hand side of the window instead of the traditional folder tree view. It presents the user with a list of common actions and destinations that are relevant to the current directory or file(s) selected. For instance, when in a directory containing mostly pictures, a set of "Picture tasks" is shown, offering the options to display these pictures as a slide show, to print them out, or to go online to order prints. Conversely, a folder containing music files would offer options to play those files in a media player, or to go online to purchase music. Windows XP
Windows XP
had a Media bar but it was removed with SP1. The Media Bar was only available with Windows XP
Windows XP
RTM.

Every folder also has " File
File
and Folder Tasks", offering options to create new folders, share a folder on the local network, publish files or folders to a web site, and other common tasks like copying, renaming, moving, and deleting files or folders. File
File
types that have identified themselves as being printable also have an option listed to print the file.

Underneath " File
File
and Folder Tasks" is "Other Places", with links to other common locations such as "My Computer", "Control Panel", and "My Documents". These also change depending on what folder the user was in, leading to some criticism of Microsoft
Microsoft
for not being consistent in displaying navigation choices.

Underneath "Other Places" is a "Details" pane which gives additional information – typically file size and date, but depending on the file type, a thumbnail preview, author, image dimensions, or other details.

The "Folders" button on the Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
toolbar toggles between the traditional tree view of folders, and the task pane. Users can get rid of the task pane or restore it using the sequence: Tools – Folder Options – General – Show Common Tasks/Use Windows Classic Folders.

Search Companion

Windows Explorer’s default Search Companion, Rover.

Microsoft
Microsoft
introduced animated "Search Companions" in an attempt to make searching more engaging and friendly; the default character is a puppy named Rover (previously used in Microsoft
Microsoft
Bob ), with three other characters (Merlin the magician, Earl the surfer, and Courtney) also available. These search companions use the same technology as Microsoft
Microsoft
Office ’s Office Assistants , even incorporating "tricks" and sound effects, and they can be used as Office Assistants if their files are copied into the C:Windowsmsagentchars folder.

The search capability itself is fairly similar to Windows Me
Windows Me
and Windows 2000, with one major addition: Search can also be instructed to search only files that are categorically "Documents" or "Pictures, music and video"; this feature is noteworthy largely because of how Windows determines what types of files can be classified under these categories. In order to maintain a relevant list of file types, Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
connects to Microsoft
Microsoft
and downloads a set of XML files that define what these file types are. The Search Companion can be disabled in favor of the classic search pane used in Windows 2000 by using the Tweak UI applet from Microsoft\'s PowerToys for Windows XP , or by manually editing the registry.

Image Handling

Folder thumbnail preview

Windows XP
Windows XP
improves image preview in Explorer by offering a Filmstrip view. "Back" and "Previous" buttons facilitate navigation through the pictures, and a pair of "Rotate" buttons offer 90-degree clockwise and counter-clockwise (lossy ) rotation of images. Aside from the Filmstrip view mode, there is a 'Thumbnails' mode, which displays thumbnail -sized images in the folder. A Folder containing images will also show thumbnails of four of the images from that folder overlaid on top of a large folder icon.

Web Publishing

Web sites that offer image hosting services can be plugged into Windows Explorer, which the user can use to select images on their computer, and have them uploaded correctly without dealing with comparatively complex solutions involving FTP or web interfaces.

Other Changes

* Explorer gained the ability to understand the metadata of a number of types of files. For example, with images from a digital camera, the Exif information can be viewed, both in the Properties pages for the photo itself, as well as via optional additional Details View columns. * A Tile view mode was added, which displays the file’s icon in a larger size (48 × 48), and places the file name, descriptive type, and additional information (typically the file size for data files, and the publisher name for applications) to the right. * The Details view also presented an additional option called "Show in Groups" which allows the Explorer to separate its contents by headings based on the field which is used to sort the items. * The taskbar can be locked to prevent it from accidentally being moved. * Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
also gained the ability to burn CDs and DVD-RAM discs in Windows XP. * Support for ZIP files called "compressed folders".

Removed And Changed Features

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (December 2012)

See also: List of features removed in Windows XP
Windows XP
§ Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer

* The sort order has changed compared to the one in Windows 2000. For file names containing numbers Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
now tries to sort based on numerical value rather than just comparing each number digit by digit for every character position in the file name.

WINDOWS VISTA AND WINDOWS SERVER 2008

Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows Vista
Windows Vista

Search, Organizing "> The details pane in Windows Vista
Windows Vista
and Windows Server 2008 showing metadata of an image.

The Details pane also allows for the change of some textual metadata such as 'Author' and 'Title' in files that support them within Windows Explorer. A new type of metadata called tags allows users to add descriptive terms to documents for easier categorization and retrieval. Some files support open metadata, allowing users to define new types of metadata for their files. Out-of-the-box, Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
supports Microsoft
Microsoft
Office documents and most audio and video files. Support for other file types can however be added by writing specialized software to retrieve the metadata at the shell’s request. Metadata
Metadata
stored in a file’s alternate (secondary) stream only on NTFS
NTFS
volumes cannot be viewed and edited through the 'Summary' tab of the file’s properties anymore. Instead, all metadata is stored inside the file, so that it will always travel with the file and not be dependent on the file system.

Layout And Icons

Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows Vista
Windows Vista
and Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
also introduces a new layout. The Task Panes from Windows XP
Windows XP
are replaced with a toolbar on top and a Navigation pane on the left. The Navigation pane contains commonly accessed folders and preconfigured Search Folders. Eight different views are available to view files and folders, including Extra Large, Large, Medium, Small, List, Details, Tiles, and Content. In addition, column headers now appear in all icon viewing modes, unlike Windows XP
Windows XP
where they only appear in the Details icon viewing mode. File
File
and folder actions such as Cut, Copy, Paste, Undo, Redo, Delete, Rename and Properties are built into a dropdown menu which appears when the Organize button is clicked. It is also possible to change the layout of the Explorer window by using the Organize button. Users can select whether to display Classic Menus, a Search Pane, a Preview Pane, a Reading Pane, and/or the Navigation Pane. The Preview Pane enables users to preview files (e.g., documents or media files) without opening them. If an application, such as Office 2007 , installs preview handlers for file types, then these files can also be edited within the Preview Pane itself.

Windows Vista
Windows Vista
saw the introduction of the breadcrumb bar for easier navigation. As opposed to the prior Address Bar which displayed the current folder in a simple editable combobox, this new style structures the path into clickable levels of folder hierarchy (though falls back to the classic edit mode when blank area is clicked), enabling the user to skip as many levels as desired in one click rather than repeatedly clicking "Up". It is also possible to navigate to any subfolder of the current folder using the arrow to the right of the last item. The Menu Bar is now hidden by default but reappears temporarily when the user presses Alt.

Check boxes in Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
allow the selection of multiple files. Free and used space on all drives is shown in horizontal indicator bars. Icons of various sizes are supported: 16 x 16, 24 x 24, 32 x 32, 48 x 48, 64 x 64, 96 x 96, 128 x 128 and 256 x 256. Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
can zoom the icons in and out using a slider or by holding down the Ctrl key and using the mouse scrollwheel. Live Icons can display the content of folders and files themselves rather than generic icons.

Other Changes

With the release of Windows Vista
Windows Vista
in previous versions of Windows, the user was prompted to choose either a replacement or cancel moving the file. Also, when renaming a file, Explorer only highlights the filename without selecting the extension. Renaming multiple files is quicker as pressing Tab automatically renames the existing file or folder and opens the file name text field for the next file for renaming. Shift+Tab allow renaming in the same manner upwards.

Support for burning data on DVDs (DVD±R, DVD±R DL, DVD±R RW) in addition to CDs and DVD-RAM
DVD-RAM
using version 2.0 of the Image Mastering API was added.

In case a file is in use by another application, Windows Explorer informs users to close the application and retry the file operation. Also, a new interface 'IFileIsInUse' is introduced into the API which developers can use to let other applications switch to the main window of the application that has the file open or simply close the file from the " File
File
In Use" dialog. If the running application exposes these operations by means of the IFileInUse interface, Windows Explorer, upon encountering a locked file, allows the user to close the file or switch to the application from the dialog box itself.

Removed And Changed Features

See also: List of features removed in Windows Vista
Windows Vista

The ability to customize the layout and buttons on the toolbars has been removed in Windows Vista’s Explorer, as has the ability to add a password to a zip file (compressed folder). The Toolbar button in Explorer to go up one folder from the current folder has been removed (the function still exists however, one can move up a folder by pressing Alt + ↑). Although still fully available from the menus and keyboard shortcuts, toolbar buttons for Cut, Copy, Paste, Undo, Delete, Properties and some others are no longer available. The Menu Bar is also hidden by default, but is still available by pressing the Alt key, or changing its visibility in the layout options. Several other features are removed such as showing the size on the status bar without selecting items, storing metadata in NTFS
NTFS
secondary streams , the IColumnProvider interface which allowed addition of custom columns to Explorer and folder background customization using desktop.ini.

The option "Managing pairs of Web pages and folders" is also removed, and the user has no way of telling Vista that a .html file and the folder with the same name that was created when saving a complete web page from IE should be treated separately, that is, they cannot delete the folder without deleting the html file as well. A solution to this is provided on . After the webpairs.reg file has been merged into the registry, the "Managing pairs of Web pages and folders" option is available in the Folder Options View tab.

The ability to right-click a folder and hit "Search" was removed in Windows Vista
Windows Vista
Service Pack 1. Users must open the folder they wish to search in and enter their keywords in the search field located on the top right corner of the window. Alternatively, users can specify other search parameters through the "Advanced Search" UI, which can be accessed by clicking on the Organize Bar, and selecting Search Pane under the Layout submenu. Pressing F3 also opens the "Advanced Search" interface.

WINDOWS 7 AND WINDOWS SERVER 2008 R2

Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows 7

Libraries

Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
R2 supports Libraries, virtual folders described in a .library-ms file that aggregates content from various locations – including shared folders on networked systems if the shared folder has been indexed by the host system – and present them in a unified view. Searching in a library automatically federates the query to the remote systems, in addition to searching on the local system, so that files on the remote systems are also searched. Unlike search folders, Libraries are backed by a physical location which allows files to be saved in the Libraries. Such files are transparently saved in the backing physical folder. The default save location for a library may be configured by the user, as can the default view layout for each library. Libraries are generally stored in the Libraries special folder, which allows them to be displayed on the navigation pane.

By default, a new user account in Windows 7 contains four libraries, for different file types: Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos. They are configured to include the user's profile folders for these respective file types, as well as the computer's corresponding Public folders.

In addition to aggregating multiple storage locations, Libraries enable Arrangement Views and Search Filter Suggestions. Arrangement Views allow users to pivot their views of the library's contents based on metadata. For example, selecting the "By Month" view in the Pictures library will display photos in stacks, where each stack represents a month of photos based on the date they were taken. In the Music library, the "By Artist" view will display stacks of albums from the artists in their collections, and browsing into an artist stack will then display the relevant albums.

Search Filter Suggestions are a new feature of the Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
R2 Explorer's search box. When the user clicks in the search box, a menu shows up below it showing recent searches as well as suggested Advanced Query Syntax
Advanced Query Syntax
filters that the user can type. When one is selected (or typed in manually), the menu will update to show the possible values to filter by for that property, and this list is based on the current location and other parts of the query already typed. For example, selecting the "tags" filter or typing "tags:" into the search box will display the list of possible tag values which will return search results.

The metadata written within the file, implemented in Vista, is also utilized in Windows 7. This can sometimes lead to long wait times displaying the contents of a folder. For example, if a folder contains many large video files totaling hundreds of gigabytes, and the Window Explorer pane is in Details view mode showing a property contained within the metadata (for example Date, Length, Frame Height), Windows Explorer might have to search the contents of the whole file for the meta data. Some damaged files can cause a prolonged delay as well. This is due to metadata information being able to be placed anywhere within the file, beginning, middle, or end, necessitating a search of the whole file. Lengthy delays also occur when displaying the contents of a folder with many different types of program icons. The icon is contained in the metadata. Some programs cause the activation of a virus scan when retrieving the icon information from the metadata, hence producing a lengthy delay.

Arrangement Views and Search Filter Suggestions are database-backed features which require that all locations in the Library be indexed by the Windows Search
Windows Search
service. Local disk locations must be indexed by the local indexer, and Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
will automatically add locations to the indexing scope when they are included in a library. Remote locations can be indexed by the indexer on another Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
R2 machine, on a Windows machine running Windows Search 4 (such as Windows Vista
Windows Vista
or Windows Home Server), or on another device that implements the MS-WSP remote query protocol.

Federated Search

Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
also supports federating search to external data sources, such as custom databases or web services, that are exposed over the web and described via an OpenSearch definition. The federated location description (called a Search Connector) is provided as a .osdx file. Once installed, the data source becomes queryable directly from Windows Explorer. Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
features, such as previews and thumbnails, work with the results of a federated search as well.

Other Changes

* Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
R2 supports showing icons in the context menu and creating cascaded context menus with static verbs in submenus using the Registry instead of a shell extension . * The search box in the Explorer window and the address bar can be resized. * Certain folders in the navigation pane can be hidden to reduce clutter. * Progress bars and overlay icons on an application's button on the taskbar. * Content view which shows thumbnails and metadata. * Buttons to toggle the preview pane and create a new folder.

Removed And Changed Features

See also: List of features removed in Windows 7 § Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer

In Windows 7, several features have been removed from Windows Explorer, including the collapsible folder pane, overlay icon for shared items, remembering individual folder window sizes and positions, free disk space on the status bar, icons on the command bar, ability to disable Auto Arrange and Align to Grid, sortable column headings in other views except details view, ability to disable full row selection in details view, automatic horizontal scrolling and scrollbar in the navigation pane and maintaining selection when sorting from the Edit menu.

WINDOWS 8 AND WINDOWS SERVER 2012

The new File
File
Explorer interface in Windows 8
Windows 8

The file manager on Windows 8
Windows 8
and Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2012
is renamed FILE EXPLORER, and introduces new features such as a redesigned interface incorporating a ribbon toolbar , and a redesigned file operation dialog that displays more detailed progress and allows for file operations to be paused and resumed. The details pane in Windows Vista and 7 was removed and replaced with a narrower pane with no icons and fewer detail columns. But other details are displayed by hovering over the file's name.

WINDOWS 10 AND WINDOWS SERVER 2016

The icons in File
File
Explorer have been redesigned. The icons are flatter and simpler in design. The window border padding is thinner than previous versions.

EXTENSIBILITY

File
File
Explorer can be extended to support non-default functionality by means of Windows Shell Extensions, which are COM objects that plug the extended functionality into Windows Explorer. Shell extensions can be in the form of shell extension handlers, toolbars or even namespace extensions that allow certain folders (or even non-filesystem objects such as the images scanned by a scanner) to be presented as a special folder . File
File
Explorer also allows metadata for files to be added as NTFS
NTFS
Alternate Data Streams , separate from the data stream for the file.

Shell extension handlers are queried by the shell beforehand for modifying the action the shell takes. They can be associated on a Per file type – where they will show up only when a particular action takes place on a particular file type – or on a global basis – which are always available. The shell supports the following extension handlers:

HANDLER DESCRIPTION CAN BE IMPLEMENTED ON REQUIRED SHELL VERSION

Context menu handler Adds menu items to the context menu. It is called before the context menu is displayed. Per file type Windows 95
Windows 95
and later. Windows 7 introduced IExecuteCommand

Drag-and-drop handler Controls the action upon right-click drag and drop and modifies the context menu that appears. Global Windows 95
Windows 95
and later

Drop target handler Controls the action after a data object is dragged and dropped over a drop target such as a file. Per file type Windows 95
Windows 95
and later

Data object handler Controls the action after a file is copied to the clipboard or dragged and dropped over a drop target. It can provide additional clipboard formats to the drop target. Per file type Windows 95
Windows 95
and later

Icon handler Assigns a custom icon to an individual file amongst a class of file types. It is called before file icons are displayed. Per file type Windows 95
Windows 95
and later

Property sheet handler Replaces or adds pages to the property sheet dialog box of an object. Per file type Windows 95
Windows 95
and later

Copy hook handler Allows running, modifying or denying the action when a user or application tries to copy, move, delete, or rename an object. Not associated with a file type Windows 95
Windows 95
and later

Search handler Allows shell integration of a custom search engine. Not associated with a file type Windows 95
Windows 95
through Windows XP

Infotip handler Allows retrieving flags and infotip information for an item and displaying it inside a popup tooltip upon mouse hover. Per file type Windows Desktop Update and later

Thumbnail
Thumbnail
image handler Provides for a thumbnail image to be generated and displayed along with its alpha type when a file is selected or the thumbnail view is activated. Per file type Windows Desktop Update and later. Windows Vista
Windows Vista
introduced a newer IThumbnailProvider interface that also shows thumbnails in the Details pane. The older IExtractImage is still supported but not in the Details pane.

Disk Cleanup
Disk Cleanup
handler Add a new entry to the Disk Cleanup
Disk Cleanup
application and allows specifying additional disk locations or files to clean up. Per folder Windows 98
Windows 98
and later

Column handler Allows creating and displaying custom columns in Windows Explorer Details view. It can be used to extend sorting and grouping. Per folder Windows 2000
Windows 2000
and later

Icon overlay handler Allows displaying an overlay icon over a shell object (a file or folder icon). Per file type Windows 2000
Windows 2000
and later

Metadata
Metadata
handler Allows viewing and modifying metadata stored in a file. It can be used to extend details view columns, infotips, property pages, sorting and grouping. Per file type Windows 2000
Windows 2000
and later

Filter handler (IFilter) Allows file properties and its contents to be indexed and searched by Indexing Service or Windows Search
Windows Search
Per file type Windows 2000
Windows 2000
and later

AutoPlay handler Examines newly discovered removable media and devices and, based on content such as pictures, music or video files, launches an appropriate application to play or display the content. Per file type category Windows XP
Windows XP
only: per device and per file type category Windows XP and later

Property handler Allows viewing and modifying system-defined and custom properties of a file. Per file type Windows Vista
Windows Vista
and later, on Windows XP
Windows XP
if Windows Search
Windows Search
is installed.

Preview handler Renders enhanced previews of items without launching the default application when a file is selected. It can also provide file type-specific navigation such as browsing a document, or seeking inside a media file. Per file type Windows Vista
Windows Vista
and later

Namespace extensions are used by Explorer to either display some data – which are not persisted as files – in a folder-like view or to present data in a way that is different from their organization on the file system. This feature can be exploited by a relational file system like liquidFOLDERs or Tabbles , clones of the ill-fated Microsoft WinFS
WinFS
. Special Folders , such as My Computer and Network Places in Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
are implemented this way, as are Explorer views that let items in a mobile phone or digital camera be explored. Source-control systems that use Explorer to browse source repositories also use Namespace extensions to allow Explorer to browse the revisions. To implement a namespace extension, the IPersistFolder, IShellView, IShellFolder, IShellBrowser and IOleWindow interfaces needs to be implemented and registered. The implementation needs to provide the logic for navigating the data store as well as describing the presentation. Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
will instantiate the COM objects as required.

While Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
natively exposes the extensibility points as COM interfaces , .NET Framework
.NET Framework
can also be used to write extensions, using the COM Interop functionality of .NET Framework. While Microsoft
Microsoft
itself makes available extensions – such as the Photo Info tool – which are authored using .NET Framework
.NET Framework
, they currently recommend against writing managed shell extensions, as only one instance of the CLR (prior to version 4.0) can be loaded per-process. This behavior would cause conflicts if multiple managed add-ins, targeting different versions of the CLR, are attempted to be run simultaneously.

SEE ALSO

* Comparison of file managers * File
File
manager * List of alternative shells for Windows

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ Window NT 3.51 tricks * ^ John D. Ruley (September 1995). "NT Gets the Look But Not the Logo". How-To Columns. WinMag. Archived from the original on 14 March 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2009. Internet Archive * ^ Managing Files, Folders, and Search Methods: Microsoft
Microsoft
TechNet * ^ WebView for WinMe * ^ Windows 2000
Windows 2000
Registry: Latest Features and APIs Provide the Power to Customize and Extend Your Apps, MSDN Magazine, November 2000, retrieved 2007-08-26 * ^ Kindel, Charlie (27 August 1993), OLE Property Sets Exposed, MSDN Magazine, retrieved 2007-08-26 * ^ Esposito, Dino (June 2000), More Windows 2000
Windows 2000
UI Goodies: Extending Explorer Views by Customizing Hypertext Template
Template
Files, MSDN Magazine, retrieved 2007-08-26 * ^ Sophos , VBS/Roor-C threat analysis. Accessed 2007-08-26. * ^ "Virus.VBS.Redlof.a", Virus Encyclopedia, Viruslist.com, 15 January 2004, archived from the original on 28 October 2007, retrieved 2007-08-26 * ^ Figure 1 Windows Shell Extensions, MSDN Magazine, June 2000, archived from the original on 2004-08-31, retrieved 2007-08-26 * ^ What is Indexing Service?: MSDN * ^ http://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows_10-update/is-microsoft-office-2003-still-decent-for-general/74b58c58-93e9-4865-b598-2ad22fe497e6?auth=1 * ^ " Windows XP
Windows XP
- What\'s new with files and folders". Windows. Microsoft
Microsoft
. Archived from the original on May 23, 2007. * ^ The sort order for files and folders whose names contain numerals is different in Windows Vista, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 than it is in Windows 2000, support.microsoft.com, 2007-08-28, retrieved 2009-07-06 * ^ A B Shultz, Greg (August 10, 2006). "Examine the filtering, grouping, and stacking features in Windows Vista\'s Windows Explorer". TechRepublic . CBS Interactive
CBS Interactive
. Retrieved December 19, 2015. * ^ A B C Reid, Rory (January 30, 2007). "Seven days of Vista -- day 4: Stacking and filtering". CNET
CNET
. CBS Interactive
CBS Interactive
. Retrieved December 19, 2015. * ^ A B Kaelin, Mark (July 17, 2007). "How do I... Save and refine desktop searches in Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
Vista?". TechRepublic . CBS Interactive . Retrieved November 11, 2015. * ^ Microsoft
Microsoft
. "Saved Search File
File
Format". MSDN . Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ Bentz, Ben (October 31, 2006). "Query Composition: Building a search upon another search". Shell: Revealed Blog. Microsoft
Microsoft
. Archived from the original on December 15, 2006. Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ "How to Search for Contents in Any File
File
Type Without Indexing Service Enabled in Windows Vista
Windows Vista
and Windows 7". Wikihow.com. 2014-01-27. Retrieved 2014-01-31. * ^ A B Microsoft
Microsoft
. "Add tags or other properties to a file". Windows How-to. Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ White, Nick (July 13, 2007). "10 Things - Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
Has a New Preview Pane". Windows Vista
Windows Vista
Team Blog. Microsoft
Microsoft
. Archived from the original on July 15, 2007. Retrieved December 14, 2015. * ^ Microsoft
Microsoft
. "Pen and Touch Input in Windows Vista". MSDN . Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ Oiaga, Marius (September 27, 2006). "Quick Zoom on the Windows Vista Desktop and in Explorer". Softpedia
Softpedia
. Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ McFedries, Paul (2008). " Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
Vista Unleashed". Sams Publishing . p. 87. ISBN 978-0-672-33013-1 . Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ Mangefeste, Tony; Walp, David (2006). "Optical Platform: Windows Vista
Windows Vista
and Beyond". Microsoft
Microsoft
. Archived from the original (PPT) on June 4, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ Davis, Christopher (March 29, 2007). "Your File
File
Is In Use... Demystified". Shell: Revealed Blog. Microsoft
Microsoft
. Archived from the original on April 29, 2007. Retrieved December 21, 2015. * ^ MSDN: Property System * ^ IColumnProvider Interface on MSDN * ^ "MS-WSP: Windows Search
Windows Search
Protocol", MSDN Library, Microsoft, 2006-12-18, retrieved 2009-06-10 * ^ Creating Context Menu Handlers * ^ "Improvements in Windows Explorer". * ^ " Microsoft
Microsoft
switches to File
File
Explorer name in Windows 8, bids farewell to Windows Explorer". The Verge. Retrieved 3 August 2012. * ^ ShellExView v1.19 – Shell Extensions Manager for Windows, retrieved 2008-03-31 * ^ Thumbnail
Thumbnail
Handlers * ^ A B Create Namespace Extensions for Windows Explorer
Windows Explorer
with the .NET Framework, retrieved 2008-03-31 * ^ .NET Shell extension from Microsoft
Microsoft
– Photo Info tool * ^ MSDN Mag * ^ Don\'t do Shell Extension Handlers in .NET

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Sullivan, Kent. "The Windows 95