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Windham is a town in
Windham County, Connecticut Windham County is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is ...
, United States. It contains the city of Willimantic as well as the boroughs of Windham Center, North Windham, and South Windham. Willimantic, an incorporated
city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a pe ...
since 1893, was consolidated with the town in 1983. The population was 25,268 at the 2010 census.


History

Prior to colonization, the region was occupied by
Algonquian peoples The Algonquian are one of the most populous and widespread North American Indigenous peoples of the Americas, native language groups. Historically, the peoples were prominent along the Atlantic Coast and into the interior along the Saint Lawrence ...
, including the
Pequot The Pequots () are a Native American people of Connecticut Connecticut () is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, second-highest level of human ...
,
Mohegan The Mohegan are an Algonquian Native American tribe historically based in present-day Connecticut Connecticut () is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita ...
, Narragansett, and Nipmuck. After the conclusion of the
Pequot War The Pequot War was an armed conflict that took place between 1636 and 1638 in New England between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies and their allies from the Narraganse ...

Pequot War
in 1638, the Pequots ceased to exist as a tribe; after
King Philip's War King Philip's War (sometimes called the First Indian War, Metacom's War, Metacomet's War, Pometacomet's Rebellion, or Metacom's Rebellion) was an armed conflict in 1675–1678 between indigenous inhabitants of New England and New England colonis ...
ended in 1678, the Narragansett and Nipmuck did as well, leaving the Mohegans the only native power in the region. The settlement of Windham was left to settlers by Joshua Uncas, son of
Uncas Uncas () was a ''sachem'' of the Mohegans who made the Mohegans the leading regional Indian tribe in lower Connecticut, through his alliance with the New England colonists against other Native Americans in the United States, Indian tribes. Ea ...
, in a will dated 1675. Settlers moved in, and held their first
town meeting A town meeting is a form of direct democracy in which most or all of the members of a community come together to legislate policy and budgets for local government. It is a town- or city-level meeting in which decisions are made, in contrast wi ...
on May 18, 1691. The tract was named the town of Windham in May 1692, and was incorporated into Hartford County in fall of 1693. Starting in the early nineteenth century, the town's center of activity moved from Windham to Willimantic, as the water power available there led to the establishment of factories. First established as a borough in 1833, it was incorporated as a separate city in 1893, then reincorporated into the town of Windham in 1983 as its industry declined.


Sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places

* Dr. Chester Hunt Office—Windham Center Road (added November 6, 1970) * Forty-Seventh Camp of Rochambeau's Army (added February 23, 2003) * Fourth Camp of Rochambeau's Army (added February 8, 2003) * Main Street Historic District (Windham, Connecticut)—32, 50 and 54 North St. (added August 29, 1992) * March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Scotland Road—Scotland Road, from intersection with Back Rd. to 80 Scotland Rd. (added July 6, 2003) * Willimantic Armory—Pleasant Street (added October 12, 1985) * Windham Center Historic District—state Routes 14 and 203 (added July 4, 1979)


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.9 square miles (72.3 km), of which, 27.1 square miles (70.1 km) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km) of it (3.04%) is water.


Climate


Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,857 people, 8,342 households, and 5,088 families residing in the town. The population density was 844.4 people per square mile (326.0/km). There were 8,926 housing units at an average density of 329.8 per square mile (127.3/km). The racial makeup of the town was 74.02% White (U.S. Census), White, 5.06% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.56% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 1.30% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 15.16% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 3.78% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 26.85% of the population. There were 8,342 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were Marriage, married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05. In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 18.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $35,087, and the median income for a family was $42,023. Males had a median income of $32,742 versus $25,703 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,978. About 12.7% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.


Education

Public Schools * Windham Early Childhood Center * Natchaug School * North Windham School * W.B. Sweeney School * Windham Center School * Windham Middle School * Windham High School * Windham Technical High School Magnet Schools * Charles H. Barrows STEM Academy Private Schools * St Mary-St Joseph School


Transportation

Connecticut Route 32, Route 32 runs through South Windham and north-western Willimantic. Connecticut Route 66, Route 66 goes east to west from North Windham to Columbia, Connecticut, Columbia. Connecticut Route 14, Route 14 severs Willimantic to Windham Center. Connecticut Route 203, Route 203 severs the eastern section of town from North Windham to South Windham. Connecticut Route 195, Route 195 goes from Willimantic to Mansfield, Connecticut, Mansfield eventually going to the University of Connecticut. Connecticut Route 289, Route 289 starts in southern Willimantic and shortly after going into Lebanon, Connecticut, Lebanon to Connecticut Route 87, Route 87. U.S. Route 6, US 6 bypasses the city and severs North Windham. Bus service is available around the town Monday thru Saturday. Airport service is from Windham Airport in North Windham. There is no passenger train service, but a freight train stop is found in Willimantic for the Providence and Worcester Railroad. Bus service is provided by the Windham Region Transit District.


Notable people

* Eleazar Wheelock (1711–1779), a Congregational church, Congregational minister, orator, educator, and founder of Dartmouth College, was born in town. * Eliphalet Dyer (1721–1807), a lawyer, jurist, and delegate for Connecticut to the Continental Congress, was born in town. * William Hebard (1800–1875), a United States Representative from Vermont was born in town. * George Hewitt Cushman (1814–1876), engraver and painter of miniature paintings and portraits. * Samuel Huntington (statesman), Samuel Huntington - Signed the United States Declaration of Independence, Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation; was 18th List of Governors of Connecticut, Governor of Connecticut. * Benjamin Hanks (1755-1824), goldsmith, instrument maker, and first maker of bronze cannons and church bells in America. * Gardiner Means (1896-1988), economist. * Mary A. Ripley (1831–1893), author, lecturer, teacher


See also


References


External links


Town of Windham, Connecticut
{{authority control Windham, Connecticut, Towns in Windham County, Connecticut University towns in the United States Towns in Connecticut