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Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
is a large open space in Wimbledon, south-west London, totalling 460 hectares (1,140 acres).[1][2] There are three named areas: Wimbledon Common, Putney
Putney
Heath, and Putney
Putney
Lower Common, which together are managed under the name Wimbledon and Putney Commons. Putney Lower Common
Putney Lower Common
is separated from the rest of the Common by about 1.5 miles (2.4 kilometres) of built-up area of southwest Putney.

Contents

1 Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons 2 Putney
Putney
Heath 3 Sports and recreation 4 Legal disputes 5 Keepers 6 Popular culture 7 Local geography 8 Photo gallery 9 See also 10 References 11 Sources 12 External links

Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons[edit] Wimbledon Common, together with Putney
Putney
Heath and Putney
Putney
Lower Common, is protected by the Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Act of 1871 from being enclosed or built upon. The common is for the benefit of the general public for informal recreation, and for the preservation of natural flora and fauna. It is the largest expanse of heathland in the London area. There is an area of bog with unique[citation needed] flora. The western slopes, which lie on London Clay, support mature mixed woodland. The Commons are also an important site for the stag beetle. Most of the Common is a Site of Special
Special
Scientific Interest,[3][4] and a Special
Special
Area of Conservation[5] under the EC Habitats Directive.[6] English Nature works with the Conservators on the management plan for the area. Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
and Putney
Putney
Heath are also a Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation.[7] The Commons are administered by eight Conservators. Five of them are elected triennially and the remaining three are appointed by three government departments: the Department of the Environment, Ministry of Defence and Home Office. The Commons are managed by the Clerk and Ranger, supported by a Deputy, a Wildlife & Conservation Officer and a personal assistant. There are seven Mounted Keepers (who deal with public safety and security), two groundsmen (for the playing fields), six maintenance workers and one property maintenance worker – some 23 employees in total.[1] There are at least four horses which are used by the Keepers on mounted patrol. The Conservators are responsible for the annual budget of around £1m. Most of the revenue comes from an annual levy on houses within 3⁄4 mile (1.2 kilometres) of the Commons. The levy payers are entitled to vote for the five elected Conservators. The levy payers fall within three London boroughs: Merton, Wandsworth
Wandsworth
(which includes Putney) and Kingston. In 1864, the lord of the manor, Earl Spencer, who owned Wimbledon manor, attempted to pass a private parliamentary bill[8] to enclose the Common for the creation of a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building. In a landmark decision for English common land, and following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in 1871[9][10] to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition. The windmill stands near the centre of Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
as usually understood; in fact the unmarked parish boundary with Putney
Putney
Common runs right past it (line marked --- on the map). Here Robert Baden-Powell wrote parts of Scouting for Boys, which was published in 1908.

Remains of the ditch between the two main ramparts of the Iron Age hill fort

In the 19th century the windmill was the headquarters of the National Rifle Association and drew large crowds each July. "These annual gatherings are attended by the élite of fashion, and always include a large number of ladies, who generally evince the greatest interest in the target practice of the various competitors, whether it be for the honour of carrying off the Elcho Shield, the Queen's or the Prince of Wales's Prize, or the shield shot for by our great Public Schools, or the Annual Rifle Match between the Houses of Lords and Commons."[11] Eventually the headquarters were moved to ranges at Bisley. Two broad, shallow pools, Kingsmere and Rushmere, lie near roads on the higher parts of Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
and seem to be the result of gravel extraction. The more remote Queensmere is somewhat deeper, being impounded in a small valley. Beverley Brook
Beverley Brook
runs along the western edge of Wimbledon Common. The watercourse was the historic south west London boundary.[12] Near Beverley Brook
Beverley Brook
and Warren Farm are two Local Nature Reserves managed by the London Wildlife Trust: Farm Bog
Bog
and Fishpond Wood and Beverley Meads.[7][13] At the southern end of the common on the part used by the Royal Wimbledon Golf Club, but with a public footpath running through the middle, are the remains of an Iron Age
Iron Age
hill fort known (in fact only since the 19th century) as Caesar's Camp. Though the main period of use as an oppidum seems to have been the 6th to 4th centuries BC, there is some evidence that it was indeed stormed by the Romans, probably in the Invasion of Britain by Claudius. It may have been taken by the Legio II Augusta
Legio II Augusta
under Vespasian
Vespasian
in their push westwards in AD 44.[14] It is possible the site was settled as far back as the Bronze Age, but it and the surrounding barrows were deliberately destroyed by John Erle-Drax in 1875.[15] Putney
Putney
Heath[edit]

The Horse Ride is a tree tunnel (route overhung by trees) on the western side of Wimbledon Common

Charles II reviewed his forces on Putney
Putney
Heath in 1684; in May 1767, George III
George III
reviewed the Guards, and the Surrey Volunteers at the same spot in 1799.[16] The 300th anniversary of the Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment was marked in 1961 when a tercentenary monument was unveiled and blessed on the heath.[17] According to Samuel Pepys, Charles II and his brother, the Duke of York used to run horses on the heath. A stone and brick obelisk was erected on Putney
Putney
Heath in 1770, marking the 110th anniversary of the Great Fire of London, to coincide with the invention of the Hartley fire plates by David Hartley, near a spot where his fireproof house was built. The obelisk, with ornately detailed foundation stone, is still standing and can be accessed via the car park adjacent to The Telegraph public house, off Wildcroft Road, SW15. The lower part of this house was repeatedly set on fire in the presence, among others, of George III
George III
and Queen Charlotte, the members of Parliament, the Lord Mayor, and the Aldermen.[18] Since 1955 the obelisk has been a Grade II listed building.[19] The adjacent Wildcroft Manor was formerly in the ownership of publishing magnate George Newnes, builder of Putney
Putney
Library. In 1895 he was created a baronet "of Wildcroft, in the parish of Putney, in the county of London".[20] Many duels were fought on Putney
Putney
Heath. In May 1652, a duel between George, the third Lord Chandos, and Colonel Henry Compton ended with Compton being killed. On a Sunday afternoon in May 1798 William Pitt, the then Prime Minister, who lived in Bowling-Green House on the heath, fought a bloodless battle with William Tierney, MP. The house derived its name from the bowling-green formerly attached to it, and for more than sixty years (1690–1750) was the most famous green in the neighbourhood of London. "In the early days of George III's reign it was celebrated for its public breakfasts and evening assemblies during the summer season. It was occupied for some time by Archbishop Cornwallis previous to Pitt taking up his residence there. During Pitt's ownership the house had large rooms for public breakfasts and assemblies, was a fashionable place of entertainment". Nearly a century earlier the property was noted for "deep play".[11] Pitt died in the house in 1806 from typhus. It was later owned by Henry Lewis Doulton, son of Henry Doulton
Henry Doulton
of pottery fame. It was demolished and an art deco style residence rebuilt on the site in 1933. Nearby stands Bristol House, which owes its name to the Bristol family. James Macpherson, the translator and author of the Ossian's Poems, had a villa on Putney
Putney
Heath.[11] The heath near the Telegraph pub was also the venue for the September 1809 duel between Cabinet ministers George Canning and Lord Castlereagh.[21] Scio House was the last villa on Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Road abutting the heath: it eventually became a hospital and was known as Scio House Hospital for Officers, Putney.[22] It has since been redveloped as a gated community of 70 neo-Georgian homes divided into two streets.[23] Putney
Putney
Heath is around 160 hectares (400 acres) in size and sits at approximately 45 metres (148 feet) above sea level. Because of its elevation, from 1796 to 1816 Putney
Putney
Heath hosted a station in the shutter telegraph chain, which connected the Admiralty in London to its naval ships in Portsmouth. This was replaced by a semaphore station, which was part of a semaphore line that operated between 1822 and 1847.[24] Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, was born on the north side of the heath circa 1485. He became a statesman who served as chief minister of Henry VIII
Henry VIII
and an agent of Cardinal Wolsey. In the 19th century his birthplace was still a place of note. "The site of Cromwell's birthplace is still pointed out by tradition, and is in some measure confirmed by the survey of Wimbledon Manor... for it describes on that spot 'an ancient cottage called the smith's shop, lying west of the highway from Richmond to Wandsworth, being the sign of the Anchor.' The plot of ground here referred to is now covered by the Green Man public house."[11] The wilderness was for many years a noted rendezvous for highwaymen. In 1795, the notorious highwayman Jeremiah Abershaw – also known as Jerry Avershaw – was caught in the pub (now owned by Wandsworth brewery Young's,[25]) on the north side of the heath where Putney
Putney
Hill meets Tibbet's Ride. After Abershaw's execution at Kennington, his body was hung in a chain gibbet on the heath, as a warning to others.[26] The location on the heath is known as Jerry's Hill. It is viewable from the A3 near Putney
Putney
Vale, slightly uphill from Putney Vale Cemetery where a number of famous people have since been buried or cremated. Abershaw frequented the Bald Face Stag Inn.[27] The inn was later knocked down and became the KLG factory, founded by Kenelm Lee Guinness, part of the famous brewing dynasty and a noted early motor racer before developing highly reliable auto and aero spark plugs. The factory site is now occupied by an Asda
Asda
supermarket.

Kingsmere

Above the hill peak of the A3 at Tibbet's Corner – on the A219 towards Putney
Putney
– stands an ancient wood fence cattle pound opposite the Green Man, adjacent to two huge plane trees near the bus terminus. This simple wood fence structure, used historically to contain lost livestock, has been listed as a Grade II listed structure since 1983.[28] A number of fine homes lined Putney
Putney
Hill and the north face of the heath, west of the Green Man. All had semi-circular carriageway entrances and exits.[29] These included Grantham House, the residence of Lady Grantham; Ripon House; Ashburton House; and Exeter House, occupied by the second Marquis of Exeter. Grantham House had a large fountain in its grounds between road and residence, while across the road on the heath was a large, shallow rectangular pond used for ice skating. Grantham House stood east of both Exeter and Ashburton houses, on the site of the present-day Hayward Gardens.[29] The skating pond was filled in post-WWII. George Cokayne, author of peerage and baronetage publications, died at Exeter House in 1911.[30] Nearby Gifford House was owned by J. D. Charrington of brewing fame; and Dover House was the seat originally of Lord Dover, afterwards of Lord Clifden. With the development of transport routes for the growing financial sector, Putney
Putney
Heath became highly desirable for City gentlemen in the 1890s, and they were initially known as "outsiders".[31] Dover House was owned at the turn of the 20th century by the famous US financier J. P. Morgan.[32] Social researcher Charles Booth classified the whole area of Putney
Putney
Hill and West Hill, leading into Putney
Putney
Heath, as wealthy or well-to-do. Despite a full array of places of worship, he said the area was noted for low church attendance with all denominations "struggling for the souls of pleasure-seeking Putney
Putney
... the middle class here are as indifferent as the poor elsewhere."[29] At the top of Putney
Putney
Hill, the road taking that name veers off Tibbet's Ride at Putney
Putney
Heath Lane (which was formerly known as Cut-Through Lane). Seven grand homes once lined the east side of this part of Putney
Putney
Hill.[29] It is now a no-through-road leading to Tibbet's Corner. Several of the mansions remain. The most southern of the homes was named Bath House, which included a keeper's lodge and large grounds. In 1926 it was opened as the Ross Institute and Hospital for Tropical Diseases
Hospital for Tropical Diseases
by the then Prince of Wales, the future Edward VIII.[33] The hospital was founded by malariologist Ronald Ross, who discovered that malaria was transmitted by mosquitoes. He won the 1902 Nobel Prize for his discovery. After his death and burial at nearby Putney
Putney
Vale Cemetery in 1932, the financially strapped hospital was incorporated into the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in Keppel Street, central London. Bath House was later demolished and mansion flats built on the property. In memory of its history the block was named Ross Court. Within the grounds remains an older dwelling named Ross Cottage. The village green at the corner of Wildcroft and Telegraph roads is still used by Roehampton
Roehampton
Cricket
Cricket
Club, established in 1842. The club has played there continuously since 1859 when the lord of the manor, Earl Spencer, suggested it as a new site.[34] It has two teams in the highly competitive Fullers Surrey County League and a Sunday side that plays on a more social level. In 1900, a decade after the death of his multimillionaire father Junius Morgan, J. P. Morgan
J. P. Morgan
had already gained a fondness for the sport and was made an honorary member.[35] Antarctic explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton, who presided at the club dinner in 1910, allowed his two young children – Raymond and Cecily[36] – to play cowboys and Indians on the cricket green during the week. This groundkeeper's transgression was later believed to have been a privilege of him being an honorary member.[37] The Chelsea Water Company originally owned the reservoir site and allowed construction of the club pavilion on its property.[38] The covered reservoir is now owned by Thames Water. Cricket
Cricket
matches continued during the war although some games started late or were drawn due to late starts or air raid sirens. Four German V-1 flying bombs struck the area in World War II.[39] One destroyed the club's pavilion, opposite the Telegraph pub, in July 1944, near the reservoir. Wildcroft Road, turning into Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Road and further along into the future A3, was a main thoroughfare into SW London and became a stop-off point for American serviceman who alighted from their jeeps to "taste this crazy cricket game"[40] On the south side of the reservoir, in the triangle of land between Wildcroft Road, Tibbet's Ride and the Green Man, is a large clearing of land. A funfair is set up on the grounds each October, lasting for one week. Ground rent is paid by the touring company to the Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Conservators, as part of the income of the charity.[41] Sports and recreation[edit]

Cannizaro House, now a hotel opposite Wimbledon Common

In August 1730 (exact date unknown), a cricket match with important status was played on Putney
Putney
Heath between Putney
Putney
and Fulham, reportedly played for "50 guineas per side". It is the only known instance of a team called Putney
Putney
and of a match at this venue, but the high stakes and the press coverage underline its contemporary importance.[42][43] Old Central School, situated in the south west of Wimbledon Common, provided a former pupils football team in the late 19th century which played on the common and used the "Fox and Grapes" public house as a changing room. At first called "The Old Centrals", this club later became Wimbledon F.C. Putney Lower Common
Putney Lower Common
hosted Fulham F.C.'s home games in the 1885/1886 season. The Richardson Evans Memorial Playing Fields, which form part of the Commons and are situated in Kingston Vale, provide football and rugby pitches for local schools and clubs. The grounds are currently home to London Cornish RFC, and was the training ground for Harlequins RL. It also hosts the annual National Schools Sevens rugby tournament. The grounds can also accommodate many different sports such as Australian Rules Football and Ultimate Frisbee. Hampton and Richmond Borough Juniors FC (Colts section of Hampton & Richmond Borough of the Conference League) play their home matches at the Richmond Park
Richmond Park
entrance/Robin Hood roundabout corner of the common on Sunday mornings. A Parkrun
Parkrun
is held on the common every Saturday morning which usually sees in excess of 300 runners complete 5 kilometres. The course starts and finishes at the Windmill. Today, as well as being a fine place for cycling, jogging and walking, the Common is home to The Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
Golf Club (Jeff Jukes, general manager and Professional) and London Scottish Golf Club
London Scottish Golf Club
(Steve Barr, Secretary and Professional). The first University Golf Match was played on Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
in 1878, courtesy of the LSGC. It also is the base for Thames Hare and Hounds, the oldest cross country running club in the world. Annually Thames Hare and Hounds host the 1st team (Blues) Varsity cross-country match between Oxford and Cambridge Universities. The Commons also provide some 16 miles of horse rides. Legal disputes[edit] In early 2012 the Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Conservators agreed to sell the access rights across Putney
Putney
Common to Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Council, having been threatened with a Compulsory Purchase Order if they refused. Without public consultation the Conservators entered into legal agreements, in return for a payment of £350,000. Some local residents who objected to the sale of the access and loss of common to facilitate what they saw as an unattractive and over-intensive development challenged the sale in the High Court, which ruled that the Conservators had not acted beyond their powers. As at December 2013 the residents continue to pursue the case, which is likely to be heard in the Court of Appeal sometime in 2014. Some local residents also objected to Wandsworth's planning permissions for the site, (where Wandsworth
Wandsworth
were both the applicant and planning authority) and two permissions were quashed by the High Court in early 2013 over technicalities. The technicalities were corrected and the planning permission subsequently re-obtained. The residents made a public appeal to fund their legal challenge, raising £25,000 from a few dozen donors. The Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Conservators joined forces legally with Wandsworth, appointing Wandsworth
Wandsworth
to build the roads. The land sold by the Conservators to the Council will be tarmacked for some 110 metres (120 yards), and lined with bollards, in addition to street lighting, tarmacked footpaths and electronic barriers, which objectors say will suburbanise and alter the natural state of the Common. The Conservators refused the sustainable transport charity Sustrans permission to upgrade an adjacent path to a cycle path on the grounds that it would "alter the natural state of the commons". The Open Spaces Society
Open Spaces Society
gave financial support to the residents in taking the case to the Court of Appeal, saying in December 2013: "This is a unique green lung, which the society helped to save back in the 1870s. We are not prepared to stand by and see it destroyed now."[44] In August 2016 the Charity Commission announced a statutory Inquiry into the potential loss due to granting of an easement for access rights to Putney
Putney
Lower Common.[45]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wimbledon Common.

Keepers[edit] The Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Act 1871 contains a provision to allow the Conservators to have Officers attested as constables[46] for the purposes of enforcing the provisions of the Act and all bylaws made there under. There was resistance at the time to a similar provision in the draft Bill that preceded the Act, whereby an article in The Spectator in January 1865 objected to the creation of 'Spencerian Police'.[47] The article refers to draft Bill as it was published in draft in 1864, whereby the article suggests that the Bill contained a provision for the appointment of Special
Special
Constables with full police powers. It would seem that this provision was removed in favour of the provision that allowed the attestation of constables just for the purposes of enforcing the Act itself and the byelaws made there under. In addition to the ability to swear in constables, the Act creates a power of arrest for any officer of the Conservators or a constable when the details of a person suspected of committing a byelaws offences cannot be obtained (e.g. details refused or suspected of being false).[48] Whilst it is unlikely that this power would be used by anyone other than a Keeper in modern times, a theoretical power of arrest exists for any staff and for any member or the public that they call upon for assistance. The historic role of the Keeper was captured in a 1959 British Pathé film, which showed them dressed in bowler hats and tweeds being inspected by the Warden (a former Lieutenant Colonel) before going about their daily routine of tackling summer fires and challenging golfers who were not in appropriate attire.[49] Popular culture[edit] The Common is home to The Wombles, a series of characters created by Elizabeth Beresford, who later got their own TV show and musical group. It is also featured in the novel The Wimbledon Poisoner
The Wimbledon Poisoner
by Nigel Williams, the climax of which occurs in the windmill. The TARDIS
TARDIS
briefly stops there at the end of the Doctor Who
Doctor Who
serial The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve, whereupon Dodo Chaplet
Dodo Chaplet
enters the TARDIS, believing it to be a police box, and becomes a companion for the next five serials. Iris Wildthyme – a character from the BBC Doctor Who
Doctor Who
book series – travels in a TARDIS
TARDIS
which is disguised as the Number 22 bus to Putney
Putney
Common. The Common is one setting of H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds. Parkside, running alongside Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
is the setting for 'The Desolate Tree' series of novels by Raphael Sangorski. In the television sitcom Bottom, Richie and Eddie go camping in Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
in the episode "'S Out". Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
features in J. R. Ackerley's memoir of his life with his Alsatian, My Dog Tulip. In the 2014 BBC
BBC
4 television series Detectorists, Protagonists Andy and Lance discuss whether the common is real or simply the fictional home of The Wombles. Local geography[edit]

Destinations from Wimbledon Common

Putney
Putney
Vale, Richmond Park Putney
Putney
Heath Southfields

Kingston Vale, Coombe, Richmond Park

Wimbledon Common

Wimbledon

Coombe, New Malden Raynes Park Wimbledon Chase

Photo gallery[edit]

Windmill & Ranger's Office

An athlete from Belgrave Harriers trains near Rushmere

Bluegate Pond

Seven Post Pond

Near Windmill

Windmill Cafe

War Memorial

Rushmere Pond

Queensmere

Ranger's Lodge

See also[edit]

Wimbledon Manor House List of Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest in Greater London

References[edit]

^ a b "Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons – The Commons". Wpcc.org.uk. 1 April 1991. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ Drakeford, Tony; Sutcliffe, Una (2000). Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
& Putney
Putney
Heath: A Natural History. London: Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Conservators. ISBN 0 9501887 5 1.  ^ "Natural England, Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
citation" (PDF). Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ "Map of Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
SSSI". Natural England.  ^ "Wimbledon Common". UK Special
Special
Areas of Conservation site list. DEFRA
DEFRA
Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 20 October 2014.  ^ "DEFRA, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Special
Special
Areas of Conservation". Jncc.defra.gov.uk. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ a b " Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
and Putney
Putney
Heath". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2006. [permanent dead link] ^ "No. 22915". The London Gazette. 25 November 1864. pp. 5834–5835.  ^ "No. 23682". The London Gazette. 25 November 1870. pp. 5244–5245.  ^ "No. 23768". The London Gazette. 18 August 1871. p. 3643.  ^ a b c d " Putney
Putney
Old and New London: Volume 6 (pp. 489–503)". british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "AIM25 collection description". Aim25.ac.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ "Fishpond Wood & Beverley Meads Local Nature Reserve, Merton" (pdf). London Wildlife Trust. 2001.  ^ "Wimbledon Museum". Wimbledon Museum. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ "Wimbledon's worst vandalism". Wimbledon Guardian. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ Geikie, J. C. (1903). The Fascination of London: Hammersmith, Fulham and Putney. London: A & C Black, p.85. ^ "National Archives, The Queen'S Royal Surrey Regiment and the Queen'S Regiment: Records". Nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ Geikie, J. C. (1903). The Fascination of London: Hammersmith, Fulham and Putney. London: A & C Black, p.84. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Hartley Memorial Obelisk (north East of Wildcroft Manor), Putney". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ "No. 26598". The London Gazette. 15 February 1895. p. 911.  ^ Geikie, J. C. (1903). The Fascination of London: Hammersmith, Fulham and Putney. London: A & C Black, pp.84–86. ^ "Voluntary Hospitals, London". UK Parliament. 25 March 1948. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ "Welcome". Lynden Gate. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ "History – The Telegraph country pub in London". Thetelegraphputney.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ "Green Man". youngs.co.uk.  ^ "Lewis Jeremiah 'Jerry' Abershaw at Findagrave".  ^ "Gibbet used to display his body at Jerry's Hill".  ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Village Pound, Putney". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ a b c d Bailey, Keith. Old Ordnance Survey Maps, Putney
Putney
1913. South Shields: Godfrey Maps ^ "George E Cokayne ''Complete Baronetage Vol 1'' (1900)". Archive.org. 10 March 2001. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ Roehampton
Roehampton
Cricket
Cricket
Club Towards the Second Century (1951), p.6 ^ Geikie, J. C. (1903). The Fascination of London: Hammersmith, Fulham and Putney. London: A & C Black, p83. ^ "1920 History Timeline London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine". Timeline.lshtm.ac.uk. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ Kent, Stephen. " Roehampton
Roehampton
Cricket
Cricket
Club". Roehampton
Roehampton
Cricket
Cricket
Club. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ Roehampton
Roehampton
Cricket
Cricket
Club Towards the Second Century (1951), p.11 ^ "Shackleton news". Jamescairdsociety.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  ^ Roehampton
Roehampton
Cricket
Cricket
Club Towards the Second Century (1951), p.4 ^ Geikie, J. C. (1903). The Fascination of London: Hammersmith, Fulham and Putney. London: A & C Black, p84. ^ Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Council (2008). Putney
Putney
Heath Appraisal & Management Strategy ^ Roehampton
Roehampton
Cricket
Cricket
Club Towards the Second Century (1951), p.16 ^ http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090205012523/http://www.charity-commission.gov.uk/Showcharity/RegisterOfCharities/DocumentList.aspx?RegisteredCharityNumber=303167&SubsidiaryNumber=0&DocType=AccountList. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2011.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Waghorn (CS), p. 3. ^ Maun, p. 45. ^ "We back Friends of Putney
Putney
Common's court action". oss.org.uk.  ^ "New charity investigation: Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Conservators". The Charity Commission. Retrieved 29 April 2017.  ^ Section 90http://www.ledr.com/acts/wpca/1871024.htm#90 ^ "THE PROPOSED". The Spectator Archive.  ^ Section 93- Arrest of Transient Offenders "Any constable or any officer of the Conservators, and all persons called by such constable or officer to his assistance, may without any other warrant than this Act, seize and detain any person offending or having offended against this Act, or any byelaw of the Conservators, whose name or address is unknown to such constable or officer, and convey him with all convenient despatch before a justice, to be dealt with according to law." http://www.ledr.com/acts/wpca/1871024.htm#93 ^ British Pathé. "Park Rangers". britishpathe.com. 

Sources[edit]

Maun, Ian (2009). From Commons to Lord's, Volume One: 1700 to 1750. Roger Heavens. ISBN 978 1 900592 52 9.  Waghorn, H. T. (1899). Cricket
Cricket
Scores, Notes, etc. (1730–1773). Blackwood.  Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press.  Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wimbledon Common.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Putney
Putney
Heath.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lower Putney
Putney
Common.

Wimbledon & Putney
Putney
Commons Conservators Thames Hare and Hounds Cross Country Club Wimbledon Common
Wimbledon Common
Time Trial The Wimbledon and Putney
Putney
Commons Act 1871 Wimbledon Common[permanent dead link] on the VisitWoods website Putney
Putney
Lower Common[permanent dead link] on the VisitWoods website References in WWII diary London’s Iron Age
Iron Age
Forts & Fortifications - LiDAR maps

Next station upwards Admiralty Shutter telegraph line 1795 Next station downwards

Chelsea Royal Hospital  Putney
Putney
Heath Cabbage Hill 

Next station upwards Admiralty Semaphore line
Semaphore line
1822 Next station downwards

Chelsea Royal Hospital  Putney
Putney
Heath Coombe Warren 

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Heath Sanderstead
Sanderstead
Common Stansted Park Tothill Fields Uxbridge Moor Vine Cricket
Cricket
Ground Walworth Common Westerham Common Woburn Park "Woolpack", Islington

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Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest in Greater London

Biological

Barn Elms Wetland Centre Bentley Priory Brent Reservoir Bushy Park Chingford Reservoirs Crofton Woods Croham Hurst Denham Lock Wood Downe Bank Epping Forest Farthing Downs Frays Farm Meadows Hainault Forest Hampstead Heath
Hampstead Heath
Woods Happy Valley Hayes Common High Elms Home Park Ingrebourne Marshes Inner Thames Marshes Kempton Park Reservoirs Keston Common Mid Colne Valley Old Park Wood Oxleas Woodlands Richmond Park Riddlesdown Ruislip Woods Ruxley Gravel Pits Saltbox Hill Syon Park Walthamstow Marshes Walthamstow Reservoirs Wimbledon Common

Geological

Abbey Wood Elmstead Pit Gilbert's Pit Harefield Pit Harrow Weald Hornchurch Cutting Wansunt Pit

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London Borough of Wandsworth

Districts

Balham Battersea Clapham Earlsfield Furzedown Nine Elms Putney Putney
Putney
Heath Putney
Putney
Vale Roehampton Southfields Streatham Park Summerstown Tooting
Tooting
(including Tooting
Tooting
Graveney and Upper Tooting) Wandsworth West Hill

Attractions

Battersea
Battersea
Arts Centre Battersea
Battersea
Power Station Bridge Lane Theatre Chrysalis Theatre De Morgan Centre Grace Theatre New Covent Garden
Covent Garden
Market New Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Museum Pump House Gallery Theatre 503 Theatre of the Dispossessed

Bridges and tunnels

Albert Bridge Battersea
Battersea
Bridge Battersea
Battersea
Railway Bridge Chelsea Bridge Fulham Railway Bridge Grosvenor Bridge Putney
Putney
Bridge Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Bridge

Parks and open spaces

Battersea
Battersea
Park Clapham
Clapham
Common King George's Park Tooting
Tooting
Bec Common Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Common Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Park Wimbledon Park York Gardens

Constituencies

Battersea Putney Tooting

Rail and tube stations

Balham Battersea
Battersea
Park Clapham
Clapham
Junction Clapham
Clapham
South Earlsfield East Putney Putney Queenstown Road (Battersea) Southfields Tooting
Tooting
(in LB of Merton) Tooting
Tooting
Bec Tooting
Tooting
Broadway Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Common Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Town

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

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Parks and open spaces in London

Royal parks

Bushy Green Greenwich Hyde Kensington Regent's Richmond St James's

Large urban parks

Alexandra Arnos Barking Barra Hall Battersea Blackheath Brockwell Burgess Clissold Crystal Palace Dulwich Enfield Town Finsbury Forster Memorial Hampstead Heath Hanworth Holland Mayesbrook Mountsfield Old Deer Parsloes Primrose Hill Pymmes Queen's Park Ravenscourt Ruskin Southwark Valentines Victoria Wandsworth Wanstead West Ham Wimbledon

Country parks

Bayhurst Wood Bedfont Lakes Belhus Woods Eastbrookend Fairlop Waters Foots Cray Fryent Hainault Forest Havering High Elms Hornchurch Lee Valley South Norwood Stanmore Stockley Trent

Commons

Barnes Blackheath Bostall Heath Clapham Ealing East Sheen Hackney Marsh Hainault Forest Ham Hampstead Heath Hayes Keston Mitcham Monken Hadley Peckham Rye Plumstead Stanmore Streatham Sutton Tooting Tylers Wandsworth Wimbledon and Putney Winn's Woolwich Wormwood Scrubs

Village greens

Camberwell Islington Kew Newington Parsons Richmond Shepherd's Bush Turnham

Marshes and wetlands

Aveley Crayford Erith Hackney Hornchurch Ickenham Ingrebourne Leyton Rainham Tottenham Walthamstow Wennington Woodberry Wetlands WWT London Wetland Centre

Woodland

Bostall Braeburn Coldfall Copse Dulwich Epping Forest Grangewood Park Highgate Lesnes Abbey Mad Bess Old Park Oxleas Park Petts Queen's Russia Dock Sydenham Hill

House gardens

Belair Park Boston Manor Park Broomfield House Cannizaro Park Chiswick House Danson Park Grovelands Park Grove Park Gunnersbury Park Hall Place Hampton Court Park Hillingdon Court Kenwood House Lamorbey Park Langtons Manor House Gardens Marble Hill Park Morden Hall Park Morden Park Osterley Park Syon House Valence House Museum Walpole Park

Entry-fee charging

Kew Gardens London Wetland Centre

Community gardens

Phoenix Garden Calthorpe Project

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Parks and open spaces by London borough

Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth City of Westminster

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London landmarks

Buildings and structures

Bridges

Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues

Cinemas

Empire, Leicester Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London Stadium
London Stadium
(West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena

Government

10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London Eye London Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham
Clapham
Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London Bridge
London Bridge
station Paddington station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea
Battersea
Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park

Other

Battersea
Battersea
Park Burgess Park Clapham
Clapham
Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester Square Parliament Square Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

Coordinates: 51°25′47″N 0°14′18″W / 51.42972°N 0.23833°W /

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