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ERNST WILHELM "WIM" WENDERS (German: ; born 14 August 1945) is a German filmmaker , playwright , author , photographer , and a major figure in New German Cinema . Among many honors, he has received three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature : for Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban music culture, Pina (2011), about the contemporary dance choreographer Pina Bausch
Pina Bausch
, and The Salt of the Earth (2014), about Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado .

One of Wenders' earliest honors was a win for the BAFTA Award for Best Direction for his narrative drama Paris, Texas (1984), which also won the Palme d\'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival . Many of his subsequent films have also been recognized at Cannes, including Wings of Desire (1987), for which Wenders won the Best Director Award at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival .

Wenders has been the president of the European Film Academy
European Film Academy
in Berlin since 1996. Alongside filmmaking, he is an active photographer, emphasizing images of desolate landscapes. He is considered to be an auteur director .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Photography * 4 Selected exhibitions * 5 Legacy and honors * 6 Filmography * 7 Selected bibliography * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

EARLY LIFE

Wenders was born in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
into a traditionally Catholic family. His father, Heinrich Wenders, was a surgeon. The use of the Dutch name "Wim" is a shortened version of the baptismal name "Wilhelm/Willem". As a boy, he took unaccompanied trips to Amsterdam to visit the Rijksmuseum
Rijksmuseum
. He graduated from high school in Oberhausen
Oberhausen
in the Ruhr area . He then studied medicine (1963–64) and philosophy (1964–65) in Freiburg and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
. However, he dropped out of university studies and moved to Paris in October 1966 to become a painter. Wenders failed his entry test at France's national film school IDHEC (now La Fémis ), and instead became an engraver in the studio of Johnny Friedlander , in Montparnasse
Montparnasse
. During this time, Wenders became fascinated with cinema, and saw up to five movies a day at the local movie theater.

Set on making his obsession also his life's work, Wenders returned to Germany
Germany
in 1967 to work in the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
office of United Artists
United Artists
. That fall, he entered the "Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film München" ( University of Television and Film Munich
University of Television and Film Munich
). Between 1967 and 1970 while at the "HFF", Wenders also worked as a film critic for FilmKritik, then the Munich daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung
Süddeutsche Zeitung
, Twen magazine, and Der Spiegel
Der Spiegel
.

Wenders completed several short films before graduating from the Hochschule with a feature-length 16mm black and white film, Summer in the City .

CAREER

Wenders began his career during the New German Cinema era of the late 1960s, making his feature directorial debut with Summer in the City (1970). Much of the distinctive cinematography in his movies is the result of a highly productive long-term collaboration with Dutch cinematographer Robby Müller . Some of his more successful and critically acclaimed movies—Paris, Texas and Wings of Desire
Wings of Desire
, for example—have been the result of fruitful collaborations with avant-garde authors Peter Handke and Sam Shepard . Handke's novel, The Goalie\'s Anxiety at the Penalty Kick was adapted for Wenders' second feature film, The Goalkeeper\'s Fear of the Penalty . Handke co-wrote the script for Wings of Desire
Wings of Desire
and Until the End of the World , both featuring Solveig Dommartin . Wenders with Carrie Fisher in 1978

Wenders has directed several highly acclaimed documentaries, most notably Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban musicians, and The Soul of a Man (2003), on American blues. He has also directed a documentary style film on the Skladanowsky brothers , known in English as A Trick of the Light. The Skladanowsky brothers were inventing 'moving pictures' when several others like the Lumiere brothers and Friese-Greene were doing the same. Alongside Buena Vista Social Club also his documentaries on Pina Bausch
Pina Bausch
, Pina , and Sebastiao Salgado , The Salt of the Earth , got him a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature .

He has also directed many music videos for groups such as U2 and Talking Heads
Talking Heads
, including " Stay (Faraway, So Close!) " and "Sax and Violins ". His television commercials include a UK advertisement for Carling Premier Canadian beer. Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
at Cannes
Cannes
(2002)

Wenders' book, Emotion Pictures, a collection of diary essays written while a film student, was adapted and broadcast as a series of plays on BBC Radio 3
BBC Radio 3
, featuring Peter Capaldi as Wenders, with Gina McKee , Saskia Reeves , Dennis Hopper , Harry Dean Stanton and Ricky Tomlinson , dramatised by Neil Cargill.

Wenders was collaborating with artist/journalist and longtime friend Melinda Camber Porter on a documentary feature about his body of work, Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
- Visions on Film, when Porter died - the film remains incomplete.

Wenders is a member of the advisory board of World Cinema Foundation . The project was founded by Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
and aimed at finding and reconstructing world cinema films that have been long neglected. He serves as a Jury Member for the digital studio Filmaka , a platform for undiscovered filmmakers to show their work to industry professionals. Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(2008)

In 2011 he was selected to stage the 2013 cycle of Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
's Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Festival , a reflection of his capacity to produce imaginative tributes to great works of art. The project fell through when he insisted on filming in 3-D , which the Wagner family found too costly and disruptive.

While promoting his 3-D dance film, Pina , Wenders told the Documentary channel Blog in December 2011 that he has already begun work on a new 3-D documentary, this one about architecture. He also has said that he will only be working in the 3-D film format from now on. Wenders admired the dance choreographer Pina Bausch
Pina Bausch
since 1985, but only with the advent of digital 3-D cinema did he decide that he could sufficiently capture her work on screen.

He will stage director debut for Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
's opera Les Pêcheurs de perles starring Olga Peretyatko
Olga Peretyatko
, Francesco Demuro , conducted by Daniel Barenboim at Berlin State Opera in June 2017 (Staatsoper).

PHOTOGRAPHY

Alongside filmmaking, Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
works with the medium of photography and his poignant images of desolate landscapes engage themes including memory, time, loss, nostalgia and movement. Wenders' long-running artistic project, "Pictures from the Surface of the Earth", began in the early 1980s and was subsequently pursued by the artist for the next twenty years. The initial photographic series in this body of work was titled "Written in the West" which Wenders produced when criss-crossing through the American West in preparation for his film Paris, Texas (film) (1984). This became the starting point for the artist's nomadic journey across the globe, travelling through countries including Germany, Australia, Cuba, Israel and Japan to take photographs which capture the essence of a moment, place or space.

SELECTED EXHIBITIONS

2016 "The Space Between the Characters Can Carry the Load", Collection Ivo Wessel, Weserburg Museum for modern Art, Bremen, DE 2015

* Wim Wenders: America, Villa e collezione la Panza, Varese, IT * Wim Wenders: 4REAL & TRUE2. Wim Wenders. Landscapes and Photographs, Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, DE * "time capsules. by the side of the road. Wim Wenders' recent photographs", BlainSouthern , Berlin, DE * "In broad daylight even the sounds shine. Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
scouting in Portugal", curated by Anna Duque y González and Laura Schmidt Reservatório da Mãe d\'Água das Amoreiras , Lisbon

2014

* Wim Wenders: Places Strange Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney (2003); City Art Gallery, Wellington, New Zealand; Millennium Art Museum, Beijing, China; Shanghai Museum of Art, Shanghai, China; Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, China (2004)

2000

* Buena Vista Social Club, Rose Gallery, Bergamot Station, Santa Monica, California

1996

* Wim Wenders: Landscape and Memory, Gallery of Contemporary Photography, Santa Monica * Wim Wenders: Photos, in conjunction with the publication, Wim Wenders: Photos, Munich Goethe Institute (1996), Goethe Institutes worldwide

1995

* Wim Wenders: Landscape and Memory, Gallery of Contemporary Photography, Santa Monica, California

1993–95

* Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
Photo Exhibition, in conjunction with the publication, Once, Munich: Schirmer/ Mosel (2001), touring exhibition: Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome (1993); Villa delle Rose, Bologna (1994); FNAC, Paris (1994); Parco, Tokyo (1994); FNAC, Berlin (1995); Villa Rufolo, Ravello (1995)

Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(2005) 1989–94

* Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
Photographs, touring exhibition: Galerie F. C Gundlach, Hamburg (1989); Galerie Marie-Louise Wirth, Zürich (1990); Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film, Munich (1991); Fahey/Klein Gallery, Los Angeles (1991); Shibuya Seibu Dept. Store, Tokyo (1992); Kiyomizu

1989–94

* Temple, Kyoto (1992); Musée de l\'Élysée , Lausanne
Lausanne
(1992); Amerika Haus, Berlin (1992); Venice Biennale (1993); Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek (1993); Sala Parpallo Palau Dels Scala, Valencia (1994); San Telmo Museum, San Sebastian (1994)

1986–92

* Written in the West, in conjunction with the publication, Written in the West, Munich: Schirmer/Mosel (1987), touring exhibition: Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (1986); Encontros de Fotografia, Coimbra (1987); Palazzo della Triennale di Milano (1988); Film Society of Miami (1988); Goethe Institut, Stockholm (1988); Goethe Institut, Copenhagen (1988); Saint-Yrieix-La-Perche (1990); Städtische Galerie Schwarzes Kloster, Freiburg (Breisgau) (1992)

LEGACY AND HONORS

Wenders has already received many awards, including the Golden Lion for The State of Things at the Venice Film Festival (1982 ); the Palme d\'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival for his movie Paris, Texas ; and Best Direction for Wings of Desire
Wings of Desire
in the 1987 Bavarian Film Awards and the 1987 Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival. In 1993 he won the Bavarian Film Awards for Best Director for Faraway, So Close!
Faraway, So Close!
. In 2004, he received the Master of Cinema Award of the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg . He was awarded the Leopard of Honour at the Locarno International Film Festival in 2005. In 2012, his dance film Pina was nominated for the Best Documentary Feature of the 84th Academy Awards
84th Academy Awards
.

He has been awarded honorary doctorates at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1989 and at the Université Catholique de Louvain
Université Catholique de Louvain
, Belgium in 2005.

In 2012 the Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
Foundation was created in Düsseldorf creating a framework to bring together the cinematic, photographic, artistic and literary lifework of Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
in his native country and to make it permanently accessible to the general public worldwide.

He was presented with the Honorary Golden Bear at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival in February 2015. In 2016 Wim Wenders received the „Großer Kulturpreis“ of the Sparkassen Culture-Foundation Rhineland, one of the highest endowed cultural honorings in Germany, with previous winners such as photographer legend Hilla Becher
Hilla Becher
, sculptor Tony Cragg , musician Wolfgang Niedecken and director Sönke Wortmann
Sönke Wortmann
.

FILMOGRAPHY

YEAR ENGLISH TITLE GERMAN TITLE NOTES

1970 Summer in the City

First full-length feature film (Dedicated to The Kinks )

1972 The Goalkeeper\'s Fear of the Penalty (UK) or The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (USA) Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter Adaptation of a novel by Peter Handke

1973 The Scarlet Letter Der Scharlachrote Buchstabe Adapted from the novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Nathaniel Hawthorne

1974 Alice in the Cities Alice in den Städten First part of Wenders' Road Movie Trilogy

1975 The Wrong Move Falsche Bewegung Second part of Wenders' Road Movie Trilogy, with Nastassja Kinski

1976 Kings of the Road Im Lauf der Zeit Third part of Wenders' Road Movie Trilogy

1977 The American Friend Der Amerikanische Freund Adaptation of Patricia Highsmith 's novel Ripley\'s Game

1980 Lightning Over Water

Documentary about the last days of Nicholas Ray

1982 Hammett

Fictional story about Dashiell Hammett , American writer; based on a novel by Joe Gores

1982 Room 666 Chambre 666 Short documentary interviews directors on the future of cinema, including Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
, Jean-Luc Godard , and Rainer Werner Fassbinder . Filmed at Cannes

1982 Reverse Angle

Short film documents Wenders' disputes with Coppola during Hammett

1982 The State of Things Stand der Dinge

1984 Paris, Texas

1984 Docu Drama

Documentary

1985 Tokyo-Ga

Documentary about Japanese film director Yasujirō Ozu
Yasujirō Ozu

1987 Wings of Desire
Wings of Desire
(Sometimes known in English as "Angels over Berlin") Der Himmel über Berlin Written with Peter Handke . A guardian angel is tempted to prefer human experience over the outsider's immortality.

1989 Notebook on Cities and Clothes Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten Documentary about Japanese fashion designer Yohji Yamamoto .

1990 Red Hot + Blue
Red Hot + Blue

Music video for "Night and Day " performed by U2

1991 Until the End of the World Bis ans Ende der Welt

1992 Arisha, the Bear and the Stone Ring Arisha, der Bär und der steinerne Ring

1993 Faraway, So Close!
Faraway, So Close!
In weiter Ferne, so nah! Sequel to Wings of Desire
Wings of Desire

1994 Lisbon Story

Partially a sequel to The State of Things

1995 Beyond the Clouds Jenseits der Wolken (with Michelangelo Antonioni )

1995 A Trick of Light Die Gebrüder Skladanowsky Also known as The Brothers Skladanowsky

1995 Lumière et compagnie
Lumière et compagnie

segment

1997 The End of Violence

1998 Willie Nelson at the Teatro

1999 Buena Vista Social Club

Documentary about Cuban musicians; made with Ry Cooder

2000 The Million Dollar Hotel

2000 Un matin partout dans le monde

TV Short

2001 Souljacker Part 1
Souljacker Part 1

Music Video for "Souljacker Pt 1" by Eels

2002 Ode to Cologne: A Rock \'N\' Roll Film Viel passiert - Der BAP-Film Documentary about the Cologne rock group BAP

2002 Ten Minutes Older

Contributed segment "Twelve Miles to Trona"

2003 Other Side of the Road

Short

2003 The Soul of a Man

Documentary about Blues musicians

2004 Land of Plenty

2005 Don\'t Come Knocking

2007 Invisibles

Documentary (segment "Invisible Crimes")

2007 To Each His Own Cinema

(segment "War in Peace")

2008 Palermo Shooting

2008 8

(segment "Person to Person")

2010 If Buildings Could Talk

Short

2011 Pina

Premiered Out of Competition at the Berlin Film Festival .

2012 Mundo Invisível

segment "Ver ou Não Ver"

2014 The Salt of the Earth

Documentary about photographer Sebastião Salgado

2015 Every Thing Will Be Fine

Drama

2016 The Beautiful Days of Aranjuez

2017 Submergence

Filming began in March 2016

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Wenders, Wim (1984), Paris, Texas, Nördlingen: Greno, ISBN 978-3-921568-11-8 * Wenders, Wim (1986), Emotion pictures: Essays und Filmkritiken, 1968–1984, Frankfurt: Verlag der Autoren, ISBN 978-3-88661-078-5 * Wenders, Wim (1989), Emotion pictures: reflections on cinema, London: Faber and Faber , ISBN 978-0-571-15271-1 * Shepard, Sam ; Wenders, Wim (1991), Paris, Texas: Screenplay, New York: Ecco Press
Ecco Press
, ISBN 978-0-88001-266-9 * Wenders, Wim; Hofmann, Michael (1992), The logic of images: essays and conversations, London: Faber and Faber , ISBN 978-0-571-16517-9 * Wenders, Wim; Handke, Peter (1998), Der Himmel über Berlin: Ein Filmbuch von Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
und Peter Handke (in German), Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag , ISBN 978-3-518-02406-5 * Wenders, Wim; Wenders, Donata (2000), The heart is a sleeping Beauty: the Million Dollar Hotel - a film book, New York: teNeues, ISBN 978-3-8238-5468-5 * Wenders, Wim; Hofmann, Michael (2000), My time with Antonioni: the diary of an extraordinary experience, London: Faber and Faber , ISBN 978-0-571-20076-4 * Wenders, Wim (2001), Written in the West, New York: teNeues , ISBN 978-3-8238-5469-2 * Wenders, Wim (2001), Once: pictures and stories, New York: D.A.P. /Schirmer/Mosel, ISBN 978-1-891024-25-2 * Wenders, Wim; Hofmann, Michael (2001), On film: essays and conversations, London: Faber and Faber , ISBN 978-0-571-20718-3 * Lindbergh, Peter ; Wenders, Wim (2002), Peter Lindbergh: stories, Santa Fe: Arena Editions, ISBN 978-1-892041-64-7 * Steinhilber, Berthold; Wenders, Wim (2003), Ghost towns of the American West, New York: Harry N. Abrams , ISBN 978-0-8109-4508-1 * Wenders, Wim; Tawada, Yoko (2007), Where Europe begins, New York: New Directions Publishers
New Directions Publishers
, ISBN 978-0-8112-1702-6 * Wenders, Wim; Zournazi, Mary (2013), Inventing Peace: A Dialogue on Perception, London: I.B.Tauris , ISBN 978-1-78076-693-5

SEE ALSO

* BlainSouthern * James Cohan Gallery

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "Wim Wenders: Places, Strange And Quiet – in pictures Art and design". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 2015-03-17. * ^ A B Art Photography. "Wim Wenders: Show, don\'t tell". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-03-17. * ^ Lehrer, Adam. "MoMA Celebrates Auteur Director Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
With Retrospective". Retrieved 23 June 2017. * ^ A Trick of the Light on IMDb
IMDb
* ^ http://www.wimwendersfilmfestival.com/#!a-b-o-u-t/cfp1 * ^ "Profile Jury". Filmaka.com. 1945-08-14. Retrieved 2015-03-17. * ^ "German Information Centre South Asia Facebook". German-info.com. 2015-03-08. Retrieved 2015-03-17. * ^ Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Archived December 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "It\'s 3D or Bust for \'Pina\' Director Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
- Speakeasy - WSJ". Blogs.wsj.com. 2011-12-23. Retrieved 2015-03-17. * ^ Rose, Barbara (2004-01-01). "Wim Wenders: Pictures From the Surface of the Earth". Brooklynrail.org. Retrieved 2015-03-17. * ^ Italiano, FAI - Fondo Ambiente. "Wenders in mostra a Villa Panza con il FAI – Fondo Ambiente Italiano". www.wimwendersvillapanza.it. Retrieved 23 June 2017. * ^ http://www.epal.pt/EPAL/menu/museu-da-água/atividades-e-serviços/exposições-temporárias * ^ "Wim Wenders, Pictures from the Surface of the Earth". Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow. * ^ A B Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Nominees for the 84th Academy Awards". Oscars.org. Retrieved 2012-01-28. * ^ "The Foundation - Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
Stiftung". wimwendersstiftung.de. Retrieved 23 June 2017. * ^ "Homage 2015 and Honorary Golden Bear for Wim Wenders". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 5 October 2014. * ^ "Berlinale 2011: First Competition Films". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-01-03.

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