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Wilusa, (Hittite: 𒌷𒃾𒇻𒊭 URUwi5-lu-ša) or Wilusiya, was a major city of the late Bronze Age
Bronze Age
in western Anatolia.[1] It was described in 13th century BC Hittite sources as being part of a confederation named Assuwa. The city is often identified with the Troy
Troy
of the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
Epic Cycle. Many modern archaeologists have suggested that Wilusa corresponds to an archaeological site in Turkey known as Troy
Troy
VIIa, which was destroyed circa 1190 BC. Ilios and Ilion (Ἴλιος, Ἴλιον), which are alternate names for Troy
Troy
in the Ancient Greek languages, are linked etymologically to Wilusa.[2] This identification by modern scholars has been influenced by the Chronicon (a chronology of mythical and Ancient Greece) written circa 380 AD by Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus (also known as Saint Jerome). In addition, the modern Biga Peninsula, on which Troy
Troy
VIIa is located, is now generally believed to correspond to both the Hittite placename Taruiša and the Troas or Troad
Troad
of late antiquity. Not all scholars have accepted the identification of Wilusa with Troy. There is an alternative hypothesis, for example, that Wilusa was located near Beycesultan, which was known in the Byzantine era
Byzantine era
as "Iluza" (Ιλούζα).[3] Wilusa per se is known from six references in Hittite sources, including:

the Manapa-Tarhunta letter (c. 1310–1280 BC);[4] which places it beyond the Seha
Seha
river; the Alaksandu treaty (c. 1280 BC), between Alaksandu of Wilusa and Muwatalli II
Muwatalli II
of Hatti; the Tawagalawa letter (c. 1250 BC), addressed to the king of the Ahhiyawa
Ahhiyawa
by Hattusili III, mentioning a military conflict over Wilusa, and;[5] the Milawata letter (C. 1240 BC), believed to be written by Tudhaliya IV of Hatti, discussing the reinstallation of Walmu as king of Wilusa.

See also[edit]

Ancient Near East portal

Kings of Wilusa Historicity of the Iliad Emil Forrer (the scholar who identified Wilusa with Ilion)

Notes[edit]

^ J. Latacz, Wilusa (Wilios/Troia) Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine. (2001) ^ R. S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 588. ^ Vangelis D. Pantazis (Nikaea), "Wilusa: Reconsidering the Evidence", KLIO, 91 (2009), σ. 305-307. ^ Translation of the Manapa-Tarhunta Letter Archived 2013-11-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Hoffner, Beckman. Letters from the Hittite Kingdom, 2009. p. 297.

v t e

Ancient Kingdoms of Anatolia

Bronze Age

Ahhiyawa Arzawa Assuwa league Carchemish Colchis Hatti Hayasa-Azzi Hittite Empire Isuwa Kaskia Kizzuwatna Lukka Luwia Mitanni Pala Wilusa/Troy

Iron Age

Aeolia Caria Cimmerians Diauehi Doris Ionia Lycia Lydia Neo- Hittites
Hittites
(Atuna, Carchemish, Gurgum, Hilakku, Kammanu, Kummuh, Quwê, Tabal) Phrygia Urartu

Classical Age

Antigonids Armenia Bithynia Cappadocia Cilicia Commagene Galatia Paphlagonia Per

.