Wilusa, (Hittite: 𒌷𒃾𒇻𒊭 URUwi5-lu-ša) or Wilusiya, was a
major city of the late
Bronze Age in western Anatolia. It was
described in 13th century BC Hittite sources as being part of a
confederation named Assuwa.
The city is often identified with the
Troy of the
Ancient Greek Epic
Cycle. Many modern archaeologists have suggested that Wilusa
corresponds to an archaeological site in Turkey known as
which was destroyed circa 1190 BC. Ilios and Ilion (Ἴλιος,
Ἴλιον), which are alternate names for
Troy in the Ancient Greek
languages, are linked etymologically to Wilusa. This identification
by modern scholars has been influenced by the Chronicon (a chronology
of mythical and Ancient Greece) written circa 380 AD by Eusebius
Sophronius Hieronymus (also known as Saint Jerome). In addition, the
modern Biga Peninsula, on which
Troy VIIa is located, is now generally
believed to correspond to both the Hittite placename Taruiša and the
Troad of late antiquity.
Not all scholars have accepted the identification of
Wilusa with Troy.
There is an alternative hypothesis, for example, that
located near Beycesultan, which was known in the
Byzantine era as
Wilusa per se is known from six references in Hittite sources,
Manapa-Tarhunta letter (c. 1310–1280 BC); which places it
Alaksandu treaty (c. 1280 BC), between
Muwatalli II of Hatti;
Tawagalawa letter (c. 1250 BC), addressed to the king of the
Ahhiyawa by Hattusili III, mentioning a military conflict over Wilusa,
Milawata letter (C. 1240 BC), believed to be written by Tudhaliya
IV of Hatti, discussing the reinstallation of
Walmu as king of Wilusa.
Ancient Near East portal
Kings of Wilusa
Historicity of the Iliad
Emil Forrer (the scholar who identified
Wilusa with Ilion)
^ J. Latacz,
Wilusa (Wilios/Troia) Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback
^ R. S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p.
^ Vangelis D. Pantazis (Nikaea), "Wilusa: Reconsidering the Evidence",
KLIO, 91 (2009), σ. 305-307.
^ Translation of the Manapa-Tarhunta Letter Archived 2013-11-04 at the
^ Hoffner, Beckman. Letters from the Hittite Kingdom, 2009. p. 297.
Ancient Kingdoms of Anatolia
Hittites (Atuna, Carchemish, Gurgum, Hilakku, Kammanu, Kummuh,