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William Wyler
William Wyler
(/ˈwaɪlər/; July 1, 1902 – July 27, 1981) was an American film director, producer and screenwriter. Notable works include Ben-Hur (1959), The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946), and Mrs. Miniver (1942), all of which won Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Director, as well as Best Picture in their respective years, making him the only director of three Best Picture winners as of 2018. Wyler received his first Oscar nomination for directing Dodsworth in 1936, starring Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton
Ruth Chatterton
and Mary Astor, "sparking a 20-year run of almost unbroken greatness."[1]:24 Film historian Ian Freer calls Wyler a "bona fide perfectionist", whose penchant for retakes and an attempt to hone every last nuance, "became the stuff of legend."[1]:57 His ability to direct a string of classic literary adaptations into huge box-office and critical successes made him one of "Hollywood's most bankable moviemakers" during the 1930s and 1940s and into the 60's. Through his talent for staging, editing, and camera movement, he turned dynamic theatrical spaces into cinematic ones.[2] He helped propel a number of actors to stardom, finding and directing Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
in her Hollywood
Hollywood
debut film, Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953), and directing Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
in her debut film, Funny Girl (1968). Both of these performances won Academy Awards. He directed Olivia de Havilland to her second Oscar in The Heiress
The Heiress
(1949) and Laurence Olivier in Wuthering Heights (1939), for his first Oscar nomination. Olivier credited Wyler with teaching him how to act for the screen. And Bette Davis, who received three Oscar nominations under his direction and won her second Oscar in Jezebel (1938), said Wyler made her a "far, far better actress" than she had ever been. Other popular Wyler films include: Hell's Heroes (1930), Dodsworth (1936), The Westerner (1940), The Letter (1940), Friendly Persuasion (1956), The Big Country
The Big Country
(1958), The Children's Hour (1961) and How to Steal a Million (1966).

Contents

1 Early life 2 Directing career

2.1 1920s 2.2 1930s 2.3 1940s 2.4 1950s 2.5 1960s

3 Style 4 Legacy 5 Personal life and death 6 Honors and awards 7 Filmography 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit] Wyler was born to a Jewish family[3]:1220 in Mulhouse, Alsace
Alsace
(then part of the German Empire).[4]:3 His Swiss-born father, Leopold, started as a traveling salesman which he later turned into a thriving haberdashery business in Mulhouse.[5]:37[6] His mother, Melanie (née Auerbach;[2] died February 13, 1955, Los Angeles, aged 77), was German-born, and a cousin of Carl Laemmle, founder of Universal Pictures. During Wyler's childhood, he attended a number of schools and developed a reputation as "something of a hellraiser", being expelled more than once for misbehavior.[3]:1222 His mother often took him and his older brother Robert to concerts, opera, and the theatre, as well as the early cinema. Sometimes at home his family and their friends would stage amateur theatricals for personal enjoyment.[3]:1223 Wyler was supposed to take over the family haberdashery business in Mulhouse, France. After World War I, he spent a dismal year working in Paris
Paris
at 100.000 Chemises selling shirts and ties. He was so poor that he often spent his time wandering around the Pigalle district. After realizing that Willy was not interested in the haberdashery business, his mother, Melanie, contacted her distant cousin, Carl Laemmle
Carl Laemmle
who owned Universal Studios, about opportunities for him. Laemmle was in the habit of coming to Europe
Europe
each year, searching for promising young men who would work in America. In 1921, Wyler, while traveling as a Swiss citizen (his father's status automatically conferred Swiss citizenship to his sons), met Laemmle who hired him to work at Universal Studios
Universal Studios
in New York. As Wyler said: "America seemed as far away as the moon." Booked onto a ship to New York with Laemmle upon his return voyage, he met a young Czech man, Paul Kohner (later the famous independent agent), aboard the same ship. Their enjoyment of the first class trip was short-lived, however, as they found they had to pay back the cost of the passage out of their $25 weekly income as messengers to Universal Pictures. After working in New York for several years, and even serving in the New York Army National Guard for a year, Wyler moved to Hollywood
Hollywood
to become a director.[5]:37 Directing career[edit] 1920s[edit] Around 1923, Wyler arrived in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and began work on the Universal Studios
Universal Studios
lot in the swing gang, cleaning the stages and moving the sets. His break came when he was hired as a second assistant editor. But, his work ethic was uneven, he would sneak off and play billiards in a pool hall across the street from the studio, or organize card games during working hours. After some ups and downs (including getting fired), Wyler focused on becoming a director and put all his effort into it. He started as a third assistant director and by 1925 he became the youngest director on the Universal lot directing the westerns that Universal was famed for turning out. Wyler was so focused on his work that he would dream about "different ways (for an actor) to get on a horse". In several of the one-reelers, he would join the posse in the inevitable chase of the 'bad man'. He directed his first non-Western, the lost Anybody Here Seen Kelly?, in 1928. This was followed by his first part-talkie films, The Shakedown and The Love Trap. He proved himself an able craftsman. In 1928 he became a naturalized United States
United States
citizen.[4]:73 1930s[edit] In the early 1930s began directing such films as Hell's Heroes, Dead End, and The Good Fairy. He became well known for his insistence on multiple retakes, resulting in often award-winning and critically acclaimed performances from his actors. After leaving Universal he began a long collaboration with Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
for whom he directed such classics as Dodsworth (1936),[7] These Three
These Three
(1936), Dead End (1937), Wuthering Heights (1939),[8] The Westerner (1940), The Little Foxes (1941) and The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946). It was during this time that Wyler began his famous collaboration with cinematographer Greg Toland. Toland and Wyler virtually created the "deep focus" style of filmmaking wherein multiple layers of action or characters could be seen in one scene, most famous being the bar scene in The Best Years of Our Lives. Toland went on to use the deep focus he mastered with Wyler when he shot Orson Welle's Citizen Kane.[9][10]

It was all Wyler. I had known all the horrors of no direction and bad direction. I now knew what a great director was and what he could mean to an actress. I will always be grateful to him for his toughness and his genius.

Bette Davis, discussing Jezebel[4]:162[11]

Bette Davis
Bette Davis
received three Oscar nominations for her screen work under Wyler, and won her second Oscar for her performance in Wyler's 1938 film Jezebel.[12][13] She told Merv Griffin
Merv Griffin
in 1972 that Wyler trained her with that film to be a "far, far better actress" than she had been.[14] She recalled a scene that was only a bare paragraph in the script, but "without a word of dialog, Willy created a scene of power and tension. This was moviemaking on the highest plane," she said. "A scene of such suspense that I never have not marveled at the direction of it."[4]:162 During her acceptance speech when she received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1977, she thanked him.[15]

Olivier and Oberon in Wuthering Heights

Laurence Olivier, whom Wyler directed in Wuthering Heights (1939) for his first Oscar nomination, credited Wyler with teaching him how to act for the screen, despite clashing with Wyler on multiple occasions. Olivier would go on to hold the record for the most nominations in the Best Actor category at nine, tied with Spencer Tracy. Critic Frank S. Nugent wrote in the New York Times, " William Wyler
William Wyler
has directed it magnificently. It is, unquestionably, one of the most distinguished pictures of the year."[16]:88 Variety described Olivier's performance as "fantastic... he not only brings conviction to his portrayal but translates intelligently its mystical quality."[16]:93 Five years later, in 1944, while visiting London, Wyler met with Olivier and his actress wife, Vivien Leigh. She invited him to see her performance in The Doctor's Dilemma, and Olivier asked him to direct him in his planned film, Henry V. But Wyler said he was "not a Shakespearian" and turned down the offer.[17][18]

If any film actor is having trouble with his career, can't master the medium and, anyway, wonders whether it's worth it, let him pray to meet a man like William Wyler.

Laurence Olivier[16]:86

In 1950, Wyler and Olivier made a second film together, Carrie, which was not a commercial success. However, some critics state that it nonetheless contains Olivier's finest film performance, but because of its old-fashioned story, the film was very under-appreciated:[16]:128[19] In critic Michael Billington's opinion:

If there were any justice in the world, Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
would have got an Oscar for his unforgettable performance in Carrie.[20]:137

Director and screenwriter John Huston
John Huston
had been a close friend of Wyler during his career. When he was twenty-eight and penniless, sleeping in parks in London, Huston returned to Hollywood
Hollywood
to see if he could find work. Wyler, four years his senior, had met Huston when he was directing his father, Walter Huston, in A House Divided in 1931, and they got along well. Wyler read dialogue suggestions that Huston had given to his father Walter and hired John to work on the dialogue for the script. He later inspired Huston to become a director and became his "early mentor."[21]:xiii When America entered World War II
World War II
in 1941, Wyler, Huston, Anatole Litvak
Anatole Litvak
and Frank Capra, by then all directors, enlisted at the same time.[22] Later in his career, Huston recalled his friendship with Wyler during an interview:

Willy was certainly my best friend in the industry.... We seemed instantly to have many things in common.... Willy liked the things that I liked. We'd go down to Mexico. We'd go up in the mountains. And we'd gamble. He was a wonderful companion....He was equally capable of playing Beethoven on his violin, speeding around town on his motorcycle, or schussing down steep virgin snow trails.[23]

1940s[edit] In 1941, Wyler directed Mrs. Miniver, based on the 1940 novel; it was the story of a middle-class English family adjusting to the war in Europe
Europe
and the bombing blitz in London.[24][25] It starred Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon. Pidgeon originally had doubts about taking on the role, until fellow actor Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
told him, "You will find working with Wyler to be the most delightful experience you ever had, and that's the way it turned out." Pidgeon recalls: "One thing that would have been a terrific regret in my life is if I had succeeded in getting out of doing Mrs. Miniver"[26]:335 He received his first Oscar nomination for his role, while his co-star, Greer Garson, won her first and only Academy Award for her performance. The idea for the film was controversial, since it was intended to make America less isolationist. By portraying the real-life suffering of British citizens in a fictional story, Americans might be more prone to help Britain during their war effort.[24][27] The film succeeded in its propaganda elements, showing England during its darkest days of the war.[26]:145 Years later, after having been in the war himself, Wyler said that the film "only scratched the surface of war... It was incomplete."[26]:228 However, before America entered the war in December 1941, all films that could be considered anti-Nazi were banned by the Hays Office.[28]:277 Yet in 1939, Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
had made the blatantly anti-Nazi film, "Confessions of a Nazi Spy" starring Edward G. Robinson. This is considered the first anti-Nazi film produced by a major Hollywood studio and was based on articles former FBI agent Leon G. Turrou
Leon G. Turrou
had written that cost him his job with the agency.[29] He also wrote a popular book at its time called "Nazi Spies in America".[30] Charlie Chaplin had released his anti-Hitler film The Great Dictator
The Great Dictator
in 1940 which was also his first true sound film. [31] The statement that the Hayes Office
Hayes Office
banned all anti-Nazi films before 1941 can not be taken seriously. U.S. ambassador to England, Joseph Kennedy, told the studios to stop making pro-British and anti-German films. Kennedy felt that British defeat was imminent.[32] But MGM producer Eddie Mannix
Eddie Mannix
disagreed, saying that "someone should salute England. And even if we lose $100,000, that'll be okay."[28]:344 Mrs. Miniver
Mrs. Miniver
went on to win six Academy Awards, becoming the top box office hit of 1942. It was Wyler's first Academy Award for Best Director.[33]

Dear Mad Willy. I saw Mrs. Miniver
Mrs. Miniver
last night. It is absolutely wonderful. You repeatedly amaze me with the demonstrations of your talent and I ask you to believe that it is with genuine pleasure that I salute this latest and greatest example of your work.

producer David Selznick[5]:235

President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
both loved the film, said historian Emily Yellin, and Roosevelt wanted prints rushed to theaters nationwide. The Voice of America
Voice of America
radio network broadcast the minister's speech from the film, magazines reprinted it, and it was copied onto leaflets and dropped over German-occupied countries. Churchill sent MGM head Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
a telegram claiming that " Mrs. Miniver
Mrs. Miniver
is propaganda worth 100 battleships."[34] Bosley Crowther wrote in his New York Times review that Mrs. Miniver
Mrs. Miniver
was the finest film yet made about the war, "and a most exalting tribute to the British."[35] Between 1942 and 1945 Wyler volunteered to serve as a major in the United States
United States
Army Air Forces and directed a pair of documentaries: The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress (1944), about a Boeing B-17 and its U.S. Army Air Force crew;[36] and Thunderbolt!
Thunderbolt!
(1947), highlighting a P-47 fighter-bomber squadron in the Mediterranean. Wyler filmed The Memphis Belle
The Memphis Belle
at great personal risk, flying over enemy territory on actual bombing missions in 1943; on one flight, Wyler lost consciousness from lack of oxygen. Wyler's associate, cinematographer Harold J. Tannenbaum, a First Lieutenant, was shot down and perished during the filming.[37] Director Steven Spielberg describes Wyler's filming of Memphis Belle in the 2017 Netflix series, Five Came Back.[38] Working on Thunderbolt!
Thunderbolt!
Wyler was exposed to such loud noise that he passed out. When he awoke, he found he was deaf in one ear.[4] Partial hearing with the aid of a hearing aid eventually came back years later.[39] Wyler returned from the War a disabled veteran.[40] Returning from the War and unsure whether he could work again, Wyler turned to a subject that he knew well[40] and directed a film which captured the mood of the nation as it turned to peace after the war, The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946).[41] This story of the homecoming of three veterans from World War II
World War II
dramatized the problems of returning veterans in their adjustment back to civilian life. Arguably his most personal film, Best Years drew on Wyler's own experience returning home to his family after three years on the front. The Best Years of Our Lives won the Academy Award for Best Director
Academy Award for Best Director
(Wyler's second) and Academy Award for Best Picture, as well as seven other Academy Awards.

Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
in Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953)

In 1949 Wyler directed The Heiress, which earned Olivia de Havilland her second Oscar and garnered additional Oscars for Best Art Direction, Best Costume Design, and Best Music. The film is considered by some to be a highlight in her career, "that could strike envy even in the most versatile and successful actress," according to one critic.[42][43][44] De Havilland had seen the play in New York and felt she could play the lead perfectly. She then called Wyler to convince him to have Paramount buy the film rights. He flew to New York to see the play, and moved by the story, convinced the studio to buy it. Along with de Havilland, he managed to get Montgomery Clift
Montgomery Clift
and Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
to co-star.[17]:265[45][46] 1950s[edit] In 1951, Wyler produced and directed Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
and Eleanor Parker in Detective Story, portraying a day in the lives of the various people in a detective squad. Lee Grant
Lee Grant
and Joseph Wiseman
Joseph Wiseman
made their screen debuts in the film, which was nominated for four Academy Awards, including one for Grant.[47] Critic Bosley Crowther lauded the film, describing it as "a brisk, absorbing film by producer-director William Wyler, with the help of a fine, responsive cast."[48] During the immediate postwar period, Wyler directed a handful of critically acclaimed and influential films. Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953) introduced Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
to American audiences in her first starring role, winning her an Academy Award for Best Actress.[49][50] Wyler said of Hepburn years later, when describing truly great actresses, "In that league there's only ever been Garbo, and the other Hepburn, and maybe Bergman. It's a rare quality, but boy, do you know when you've found it."[51] The film was an instant hit, also winning for Best Costume Design (Edith Head), and Best Writing (Dalton Trumbo). Hepburn would eventually do three movies with Wyler, who her son said was one of the most important directors in her career.[52][53] Friendly Persuasion (1956) was awarded the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
(Golden Palm) at the Cannes Film Festival. And in 1959, Wyler directed Ben-Hur, which won 11 Oscars, a feat unequaled until Titanic in 1997. He had also assisted in the production of the 1925 version.

Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
as Ben-Hur

Wyler and its star, Charlton Heston, both knew what the film meant for MGM, which had massive investments in its final outcome, with the film's budget having gone from $7 million to $15 million, and the fact that MGM was already in dire financial straits.[54] They were aware that if it failed at the box office, MGM might go bankrupt.[55] The film, like many epics, was difficult to make. When Heston was asked which scene he enjoyed doing most, he said "I didn't enjoy any of it. It was hard work."[56] Part of the reason for that was the financial stress placed on making the film a success. With a cast of fifteen thousand extras, a leading star, and being shot on 70mm film with stereophonic tracks, it was the most expensive film ever made at that time.[55] The nine-minute chariot race, for example, took six months to film.[57] Ben-Hur became a great box office success. Wyler won his third Academy Award for Best Director and Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
his first and only Academy Award as its star.[58][59][60] Heston recalled in his autobiography that at first he had doubts about taking the role. But his agent advised him otherwise: "Don't you know that actors take parts with Wyler without even reading the damn script? I'm telling you, you have to do this picture!"[17] Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
had lobbied Wyler, who directed him in Detective Story in 1951, for the title role, but only after Wyler had already decided on Heston. He offered him instead the role of Messala, which Douglas rejected. Douglas then went on to star in Spartacus (1960).[61][62] Ben-Hur cost $15 million to produce but earned $47 million by the end of 1961 and $90 million worldwide.[63][64] Audiences mobbed movie theaters in the months after it opened. Critic Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
praised Wyler's achievement:

I admire the artist who can make something good for the art house audience; but I also applaud the commercial heroism of a director who can steer a huge production and keep his sanity and perspective and decent human feelings beautifully intact.[65]:96

1960s[edit] In 1968 he directed Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
in her debut film, Funny Girl, costarring Omar Sharif, which became a huge financial success.[17]:385 It was nominated for eight Academy Awards, and like Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
in her first starring role, Streisand won as Best Actress, becoming the thirteenth actor to win an Oscar under his direction.[17]:385[66][67] Streisand had already starred in the Broadway musical of Funny Girl, with seven hundred performances. And although she knew the part well, Wyler still had to mold her stage role for the screen.[68] She naturally wanted to be involved in the film's production, often asking Wyler questions, but they got along well.[69][70][71] "Things were ironed out when she discovered some of us knew what we were doing," kidded Wyler. What originally attracted him to direct Streisand was similar to what attracted him about Audrey Hepburn, who had also been new to film audiences. He met with Streisand during her musical run and became excited at the prospect of guiding another new star into an award-winning performance. He sensed and admired that Streisand had the same kind of dedication to being an actress as did Bette Davis, early in her career. "It just needed to be controlled and toned down for the movie camera."[20] Wyler said afterwards:

I'm terribly fond of her. She was very professional, very good, a hard worker, too hard at times. She would work day and night if you would let her. She is absolutely tireless.[72][73]

Style[edit] Wyler had worked with cinematographer Gregg Toland
Gregg Toland
for six of his films, mostly in the 1930s. Toland used deep focus photographic technique for most of them, whereby he could keep all objects on the screen, whether foreground or background, in sharp focus at the same time. The technique gives the illusion of depth, and therefore makes the scene more true to life.[65]:77 A perfectionist, Wyler earned the nickname "40-take Wyler". On the set of Jezebel, Wyler forced Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
through 40 takes of one particular scene, his only guidance being "Again!" after each take. When Fonda asked for more direction, Wyler responded, "It stinks." Similarly, when Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
quizzed the director about the supposed shortcomings of his performance in Ben-Hur, Wyler simply told Heston "Be better!"[74] However, Heston notes that by the time a scene is done, regardless of how hard it was to do, it always came off well:

The only answer I have is that his taste is impeccable and every actor knows it. Your faith in his taste and what it will do for your performance is what makes casting a Wyler picture a cinch...doing a film for Wyler is like getting the works in a Turkish bath. You darn near drown, but you come out smelling like a rose."[4]:351

Legacy[edit]

Bette Davis
Bette Davis
in Jezebel (1938)

Fourteen actors won Oscars under Wyler's direction, including Bette Davis in Jezebel (1938) and her nomination for The Letter (1940).[75] Davis summed up their work together: "It was he who helped me to realize my full potential as an actress. I met my match in this exceptionally creative and talented director."[65]:79[76] Other Oscar winners were Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
in The Heiress
The Heiress
(1949), Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
in her debut film, Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953),[77] Charlton Heston in Ben-Hur (1959), and Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
in her debut film, Funny Girl (1968). Wyler's films garnered more awards for participating artists and actors than any other director's in the history of Hollywood.[78] He received 12 Oscar nominations for Best Director in total, while dozens of his collaborators and actors won Oscars or were nominated. In 1965, Wyler won the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
for career achievement. Eleven years later, he received the American Film Institute Life Achievement Award. In addition to his Best Picture and Best Director Oscar wins, 13 of Wyler's films earned Best Picture nominations. Other late Wyler films include The Children's Hour (1961), which was nominated for five Academy Awards.[79] Later films included The Collector
The Collector
(1963), Funny Girl (1968), and his final film, The Liberation of L.B. Jones
The Liberation of L.B. Jones
(1970). Personal life and death[edit] Wyler was briefly married to actress Margaret Sullavan
Margaret Sullavan
(from November 25, 1934 – March 13, 1936)[80] and married actress Margaret "Talli" Tallichet on October 23, 1938.[81][82] The couple remained together until his death; they had five children: Catherine, Judith, William Jr., Melanie and David. Catherine said during an interview that her mother played an important part in his career, often being his "gatekeeper" and his reader of scripts presented to him.[83] On July 24, 1981, Wyler gave an interview with his daughter, Catherine, for Directed by William Wyler, a PBS documentary about his life and career.[84] Three days later, he died from a heart attack. He is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, near his older brother, Robert Wyler, sister-in-law, actress Cathy O'Donnell
Cathy O'Donnell
and his son, William "Billy" Wyler, Jr in Glendale, California.[85][86][87][88] Honors and awards[edit] Wyler is the most nominated director in Academy Awards
Academy Awards
history with twelve nominations. He won the Academy Award for Best Direction on three occasions, for his direction of Ben-Hur, The Best Years of Our Lives, and Mrs. Miniver. He is tied with Frank Capra
Frank Capra
and behind John Ford, who won four Oscars in this category. He is also only director in Academy history to direct three Best Picture-winning films (the three for which he won Best Director), and directed more Best Picture nominees than anyone else (thirteen). He has the distinction of having directed more actors to Oscar-nominated performances than any other director in history: thirty-six. Out of these nominees, fourteen went on to win Oscars, also a record.[89] He received the fourth AFI Life Achievement Award in 1976.[90] Among those who thanked him for directing her in her debut film, was Barbra Streisand.[91] For his contributions to the motion picture industry, on February 8, 1960, Wyler has a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame at 1731 Vine Street.[92][93]

Year Film Category Result

Academy Awards

1936 Dodsworth Best Director Nominated

1939 Wuthering Heights Best Director Nominated

1940 The Letter Best Director Nominated

1941 The Little Foxes Best Director Nominated

1942 Mrs. Miniver Best Director Won

1946 The Best Years of Our Lives Best Director Won

1949 The Heiress Best Motion Picture Nominated

Best Director Nominated

1952 Detective Story Best Director Nominated

1953 Roman Holiday Best Motion Picture Nominated

Best Director Nominated

1957 Friendly Persuasion Best Motion Picture Nominated

Best Director Nominated

1959 Ben-Hur Best Director Won

1965 The Collector Best Director Nominated

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award Won

Directors Guild of America

1952 Detective Story Outstanding Directorial Achievement Nominated

1954 Roman Holiday Outstanding Directorial Achievement Nominated

1957 Friendly Persuasion Outstanding Directorial Achievement Nominated

1959 The Big Country Outstanding Directorial Achievement Nominated

1960 Ben-Hur Outstanding Directorial Achievement Won

1962 The Children's Hour Outstanding Directorial Achievement Nominated

1966

Lifetime Achievement Award

1969 Funny Girl Outstanding Directorial Achievement Nominated

Filmography[edit] This is a list of films directed by William Wyler.

Silent films

Year Title Studio Genre Cast Notes

1925 The Crook Buster Universal Western Jack Mower, Janet Gaynor UMS*

1926 The Gunless Bad Man Universal Western

UMS

1926 Ridin' for Love Universal Western

UMS

1926 The Fire Barrier Universal Western

UMS

1926 Don't Shoot Universal Western

UMS

1926 The Pinnacle Rider Universal Western

UMS

1926 Martin of the Mounted Universal Western

UMS

1926 Lazy Lightning Universal Western

UBSS**

1926 The Stolen Ranch Universal Western

UBSS

1927 The Two Fister Universal Western

UMS

1927 Kelcy Gets His Man Universal Western

UMS

1927 Tenderfoot Courage Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Silent Partner Universal Western

UMS

1927 Blazing Days Universal Western

UBSS

1927 Straight Shootin' Universal Western

UBSS

1927 Galloping Justice Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Haunted Homestead Universal Western

UMS

1927 Hard Fists Universal Western

UBSS

1927 The Lone Star Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Ore Raiders Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Home Trail Universal Western

UMS

1927 Gun Justice Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Phantom Outlaw Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Square Shooter Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Horse Trader Universal Western

UMS

1927 Daze of the West Universal Western

UMS

1927 The Border Cavalier Universal Western

UBSS

1927 Desert Dust Universal Western Ted Wells

1928 Thunder Riders Universal Western Ted Wells

1928 Anybody Here Seen Kelly? Universal Comedy Bessie Love, Tom Moore

1929 The Shakedown Universal Drama James Murray, Barbara Kent Part-Talking film

1929 The Love Trap Universal Comedy Laura La Plante, Neil Hamilton Part-Talking film

* Universal's Mustang Series. Wyler made 21 two-reeler films for this series, all with a duration of 24 minutes. ** Universal's Blue Streak Series. Wyler made 6 five-reeler films for this series, all with a duration of an hour.

Sound films

Year Title Studio Genre Cast Notes

1930 Hell's Heroes Universal Drama Charles Bickford, Raymond Hatton, Fred Kohler

1930 The Storm Universal Drama Lupe Vélez, Paul Cavanagh, William Boyd

1931 A House Divided Universal Drama Walter Huston, Kent Douglas, Helen Chandler

1932 Tom Brown of Culver Universal Drama Tom Brown, H.B. Warner, Slim Summerville

1933 Her First Mate Universal Comedy Slim Summerville, Zasu Pitts, Una Merkel

1933 Counsellor at Law Universal Drama John Barrymore, Bebe Daniels

1934 Glamour Universal Drama Paul Lukas, Constance Cummings, Philip Reed

1935 The Good Fairy Universal Comedy Margaret Sullavan

1935 The Gay Deception Fox Comedy Frances Dee, Francis Lederer

1936 These Three Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. Drama Miriam Hopkins, Merle Oberon, Joel McCrea

1936 Dodsworth Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. Drama Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton, Mary Astor Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

1936 Come and Get It Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. Drama Joel McCrea, Edward Arnold, Frances Farmer, Walter Brennan Replaced Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
after 42 days Won - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor

1937 Dead End Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. Crime Humphrey Bogart, Joel McCrea, Sylvia Sydney Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

1938 Jezebel Warner Bros. Romance Bette Davis, Henry Fonda, George Brent Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture Won - Academy Award for Best Actress Won - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1939 Wuthering Heights Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. Romance Laurence Olivier, Merle Oberon Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

1940 The Westerner Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. Western Gary Cooper, Walter Brennan Won - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor

1940 The Letter Warner Bros. First National Drama Bette Davis, Herbert Marshall Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

1941 The Little Foxes Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. Drama Bette Davis, Herbert Marshall, Teresa Wright Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

1942 Mrs. Miniver MGM War Drama Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon, Teresa Wright Won - Academy Award for Best Picture Won - Academy Award for Best Actress Won - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1944 The Memphis Belle First Motion Picture Unit War

Documentary First Technicolor
Technicolor
film

1946 The Best Years of Our Lives Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Co. War Drama Fredric March, Dana Andrews, Harold Russell, Teresa Wright Won - Academy Award for Best Picture Won - Academy Award for Best Actor Won - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor

1947 Thunderbolt! United States
United States
Air Force War

Co-directed with John Sturges Documentary / Short Film

1949 The Heiress Paramount Drama Olivia De Havilland, Montgomery Clift, Miriam Hopkins Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

Won - Academy Award for Best Actress

1951 Detective Story Paramount Film-noir Kirk Douglas, Eleanor Parker

1952 Carrie Paramount Drama Laurence Olivier, Jennifer Jones, Miriam Hopkins

1953 Roman Holiday Paramount Romance Audrey Hepburn, Gregory Peck Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

Won - Academy Award for Best Actress

1955 The Desperate Hours Paramount Film-noir Humphrey Bogart, Fredric March

1956 Friendly Persuasion Allied Artists Drama Gary Cooper DeLuxe Color film Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture

1958 The Big Country Anthony Productions Drama Gregory Peck, Jean Simmons, Charlton Heston Technicolor
Technicolor
film Won - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor

1959 Ben-Hur MGM Drama Charlton Heston Technicolor
Technicolor
film Won - Academy Award for Best Picture Won - Academy Award for Best Actor Won - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor

1961 The Children's Hour Mirisch Productions Drama Audrey Hepburn, Shirley MacLaine, James Garner, Miriam Hopkins

1965 The Collector Columbia Drama Terence Stamp, Samantha Eggar Technicolor
Technicolor
film

1966 How to Steal a Million Fox Comedy Audrey Hepburn, Peter O'Toole Technicolor
Technicolor
film

1968 Funny Girl Columbia / Rastar Drama Barbra Streisand, Omar Sharif Technicolor
Technicolor
film Nominated - Academy Award for Best Picture Won - Academy Award for Best Actress

1970 The Liberation of L.B. Jones Columbia Drama Lee J. Cobb, Anthony Zerbe, Roscoe Lee Browne, Lola Falana Technicolor
Technicolor
film

References[edit]

^ a b Freer, Ian. Movie Makers: 50 Iconic Directors. London: Quercus Publishers (2009) ISBN 978-1-84724-512-0 ^ a b "Wyler, William (1902-1981), American film director and producer - American National Biography". anb.org. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ a b c Wakeman, John, ed. World Film Directors: Vol. I, 1890–1945. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1987. ISBN 978-0-8242-0757-1. ^ a b c d e f Madsen, Axel. William Wyler: the Authorized Biography. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1973. ISBN 0-491-01302-7 ^ a b c Herman, Jan. A Talent for Trouble: The Life of Hollywood's Most Acclaimed Director. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1995. ISBN 0-399-14012-3 ^ Ina.fr, Institut National de l’Audiovisuel – (1970-01-01). " William Wyler
William Wyler
à propos de ses origines et de ses films". Ina.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-05-09.  ^ SonOfASpaceApe (February 21, 2014). "TCM 1936 Best Picture 1of3 Dodsworth (Intro)". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ Movieclips Trailer Vault (October 5, 2012). "Wuthering Heights Official Trailer #1 - David Niven Movie (1939) HD". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
and cinematographer Greg Toland discussing Wuthering Heights ^ Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
directing Merle Oberon
Merle Oberon
and Laurence Olivier in Wuthering Heights ^ "Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
going over a scene with Bette Davis". pinimg.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Jezebel (1938) - Trailer 1, Warner Movies ^ Jezebel (1938) - Trailer 2, Digicom TV ^ Merv GriffinShow (July 16, 2012). " Bette Davis
Bette Davis
interview- Jezebel ( Merv Griffin
Merv Griffin
Show 1972)". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ American Film Institute
American Film Institute
(April 5, 2011). " Bette Davis
Bette Davis
Accepts the AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in 1977". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ a b c d Vermilye, Jerry. The Complete Films of Laurence Olivier, Citadel Press (1992) ^ a b c d e Miller, Gabriel: William Wyler: The Life and Films of Hollywood’s Most Celebrated Director. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2013. ISBN 978-0-8131-4209-8 ^ "Candid photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
with Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh, and their daughter Suzanne Farrington". celebritywc.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ MovieMadd111 (November 22, 2010). "[Carrie 1952] George/Carrie - Por una Cabeza". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ a b Sinyard, Neil. A Wonderful Heart: The Films of William Wyler, McFarland (2013) p. 216 ^ Huston, John. John Huston: Interviews, Univ. Press of Mississippi (2001) ^ Mintz, Steven; Roberts, Randy W. Hollywood's America: Twentieth-Century America Through Film, John Wiley & Sons (2010) p. 148 ^ Meyers, Jeffrey. John Huston: Courage and Art, Random House (2011) p. 37 ^ a b Hay, Peter. MGM: When the Lion Roars, Turner Publications (1991) ISBN 978-1-878685-04-9 ^ "Google Image Result for https://nighthawknews.files.wordpress.com/2014/08/greer-garson-william-wyler-mrs-miniver.jpg". www.google.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  External link in title= (help) ^ a b c Troyan, Michael. A Rose for Mrs. Miniver: The Life of Greer Garson, Univ. Press of Kentucky (1999) ^ Movieclips Trailer Vault (October 5, 2012). " Mrs. Miniver
Mrs. Miniver
Official Trailer #1 - Reginald Owen Movie (1942) HD". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ a b Eyman, Scott. Lion of Hollywood: The Life and Legend of Louis B. Mayer, Simon & Schuster (2005) ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confessions_of_a_Nazi_Spy ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_G._Turrou ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Dictator ^ Wapshott, Nicholas. The Sphinx: Franklin Roosevelt, the Isolationists, and the Road to World War II, W.W. Norton & Co. (2015) p. 234, ISBN 978-0393088885. ^ "Candid photo of Wyler, Greer Garson
Greer Garson
and Walter Pidgeon
Walter Pidgeon
taking a break". alamy.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Yellin, Emily. Our Mother's War: American Women at Home and at the Front During World War II, Simon & Schuster (2004), p. 100. ^ Troyan, Michael. A Rose for Mrs. Miniver: The Life of Greer Garson, Univ. of Kentucky Press (1999), e-book. ASIN: B00A6IOY1W. ^ The Memphis Belle
The Memphis Belle
- A Story Of A Flying Fortress (1944), full film ^ "The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress". www.plane-crazy.net. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Review: ‘Five Came Back,’ and Inspired the Likes of Spielberg", New York Times, March 30, 2017 ^ David William Wyler ^ a b Harris, Mark. Five Came Back: A Story of Hollywood
Hollywood
and the Second World War. New York: Penguin Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1594204302 ^ Video Detective (June 9, 2014). "The Best Years Of Our Lives Trailer 1946". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ "Olivia de Havilland", Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times ^ Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
directing Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
in a scene from The Heiress ^ Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
directing Montgomery Clift
Montgomery Clift
and Olivia de Havilland in The Heiress ^ Hirji444 (October 16, 2008). " The Heiress
The Heiress
- Trailer". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
receiving Best Actress Award for The Heiress ^ Interview: Lee Grant, "Inside the Actors Studio" 1998 ^ Crowther, Bosley. Detective Story. The New York Times film review, November 7, 1951. Last accessed: December 26, 2007. ^ Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
-trailer, Paramount Movies ^ Oscars (April 24, 2008). " Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
Wins Best Actress: 1954 Oscars". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ Nourmand, Tony. Audrey Hepburn: The Paramount Years, Chronicle Books (2007) p. 16 ^ Ferrer, Sean Hepburn. Audrey Hepburn, An Elegant Spirit: A Son Remembers, Simon & Schuster (2003) ebook ^ "Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
with Audrey Hepburn". wordpress.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Schneider, Stephen Jay. 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die, 6th edition, Barron's Educational Series (2015) p. 354 ^ a b Bodaken, Bruce. The Managerial Moment of Truth: The Essential Step in Helping People Improve, Simon & Schuster (2006) p. 159 ^ Kinn, Gail; Piazza, Jim. Academy Awards®: The Complete Unofficial History, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers (2014) p. 135 ^ McManus, George. A Conservative Christian Reviews the Greatest Movies Ever Made, Xulon Press (2003) p. 42 ^ William Wyler
William Wyler
receiving Oscar for Ben-Hur ^ Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
accepting Best Actor Award for Ben Hur, Oscars ^ Movieclips Trailer Vault (February 7, 2014). " Ben-Hur (1959) Official Blu-Ray Trailer - Charlton Heston, Jack Hawkins, Stephen Boyd Movie HD". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ Richards, Jeffrey. Hollywood's Ancient Worlds, Continuum Books (2008) p. 84 ^ Photo of Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
visiting the set of Ben-Hur, with William Wyler and Charlton Heston ^ Photo of members of the cast discussing Ben-Hur ^ "Photo of Wyler with cast, Haya Harareet seated, and producer Sam Zimbalist (right)". flashpictures.fr. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ a b c Phillips, Gene D. Exiles in Hollywood: Major
Major
European Film Directors in America, Lehigh University Press (1998) ^ cherish864407 (August 27, 2010). "Funny Girl 1968 Movie Trailer". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ Oscars (October 26, 2010). "Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand Tie for Best Actress: 1969 Oscars". Retrieved March 27, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ "Photo of Wyler directing Streisand and Omar Sharif". gettyimages.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Waldman, Allison J. The Barbara Streisand Scrapbook, Citadel Press (2001) p. 48 ^ "Photo of Wyler and Streisand walking on the studio backlot". bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Photo of Wyler and Streisand sharing some laughs on the studio backlot". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Nickens, Christopher; Swenson, Karen. The Films of Barbra Streisand, Citadel Press (2000) p. 48 ^ "Photo of Wyler and Streisand discussing her role". ssl-images-amazon.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Wyler profile at palzoo.net Retrieved November 12, 2011. ^ The Letter (1940) - Trailer, Warner Movies ^ Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
directing Bette Davis
Bette Davis
in The Little Foxes (1941) ^ William Wyler, Director, Great American Things, Dec. 9, 2011 ^ William Wyler
William Wyler
movies, Ultimate Movie Rankings ^ Photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
with the co-stars Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
and Shirley MacLaine of The Children's Hour. Joining them in the photo are Dean Martin and Frank Sinatra, who visited the set. ^ "Redirect Notice". www.google.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Early photo of William Wyler
William Wyler
with wife, Margaret Tallichet". bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Redirect Notice". www.google.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Catherine Wyler Talks the Oscars and Growing Up with Hollywood Royalty", 6 min. ^ "Directed by William Wyler", PBS ^ " William Wyler
William Wyler
(1902 - 1981) - Find A Grave Memorial". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2016-06-27.  ^ " Robert Wyler (1900 - 1971) - Find A Grave Memorial". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2016-06-27.  ^ " Cathy O'Donnell
Cathy O'Donnell
(1923 - 1970) - Find A Grave Memorial". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2016-06-27.  ^ "William Wyler, Jr (1946 - 1949) - Find A Grave Memorial". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2016-06-27.  ^ "William Wyler: Oscar Top Actors Director". altfg.com. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ " William Wyler
William Wyler
Accepts the AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in 1976", AFI ^ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
speaking at the AFI Award tribute to William Wyler ^ " William Wyler
William Wyler
Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2016-06-12.  ^ "William Wyler". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Wyler.

William Wyler
William Wyler
on IMDb William Wyler
William Wyler
bibliography via UC Berkeley Media Resources Center In Loving Memory Of William Wyler Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database "The Little Foxes" and Wyler's screen collaborations with playwright Lillian Hellman Margaret Tallichet
Margaret Tallichet
and William Wyler
William Wyler
remembered at Alabama festival The Fighting Lady William Wyler
William Wyler
papers, Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

v t e

Films directed by William Wyler

Films

Straight Shootin'
Straight Shootin'
(1927) Anybody Here Seen Kelly? (1928) The Shakedown (1929) The Love Trap (1929) Hell's Heroes (1930) The Storm (1930) A House Divided (1931) Tom Brown of Culver (1932) Her First Mate
Her First Mate
(1933) Counsellor at Law
Counsellor at Law
(1933) Glamour (1934) The Good Fairy (1935) The Gay Deception
The Gay Deception
(1935) These Three
These Three
(1936) Dodsworth (1936) Come and Get It (1936) Dead End (1937) Jezebel (1938) Wuthering Heights (1939) The Westerner (1940) The Letter (1940) The Little Foxes (1941) Mrs. Miniver
Mrs. Miniver
(1942) Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress (1944) The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946) Thunderbolt (1947) The Heiress
The Heiress
(1949) Detective Story (1951) Carrie (1952) Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953) The Desperate Hours (1955) Friendly Persuasion (1956) The Big Country
The Big Country
(1958) Ben-Hur (1959) The Children's Hour (1961) The Collector
The Collector
(1965) How to Steal a Million
How to Steal a Million
(1966) Funny Girl (1968) The Liberation of L.B. Jones
The Liberation of L.B. Jones
(1970)

Related

Five Came Back

Awards for William Wyler

v t e

Academy Award for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award
Directors Guild of America Award
for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

AFI Life Achievement Award

John Ford
John Ford
(1973) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1974) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1975) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1976) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1977) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1978) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1979) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1980) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1981) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1982) John Huston
John Huston
(1983) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
(1984) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1985) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1986) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1987) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1988) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1989) David Lean
David Lean
(1990) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1991) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1992) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1993) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1994) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1997) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1998) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1999) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2002) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2005) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2006) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2007) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2008) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2009) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2010) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2011) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(2012) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2013) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2014) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(2015) John Williams
John Williams
(2016) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2017) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2018)

v t e

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1938) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1939) David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
(1940) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1944) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1945) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1947) Jerry Wald
Jerry Wald
(1949) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1953) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1959) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1962) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1964) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1966) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1967) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1968) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1976) Pandro S. Berman
Pandro S. Berman
(1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck
Richard D. Zanuck
(1991) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1992) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1995) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(1997) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1999) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2000) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2010)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112356096 LCCN: n79045158 ISNI: 0000 0001 1032 9414 GND: 119024292 SUDOC: 060112603 BNF: cb13901301j (data) HDS: 46912 NLA: 35233873 NDL: 00621671 NKC: xx0065155 BNE: XX1064055 SN

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