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William Watson Wick (February 23, 1796 – May 19, 1868) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana
Indiana
and Secretary of State of Indiana. William was the son of the Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Minister Rev. William Wick, Sr. and his wife Elizabeth née McFarland, the daughter of Colonel Daniel McFarland, an officer in the Continental Army. The younger William (known as "W") was born in Canonsburg, Washington County, Pennsylvania, where his father was then a student at what is now Washington & Jefferson College. William Sr. was the son of Lemuel Wick and Deborah Lupton, and a lineal descendant of the Pilgrim Father John Wickes.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Congress

3.1 Wilmot Proviso

4 Later life 5 Notes 6 Sources

Early life[edit] In 1800 Rev. Wick moved his family to the Western Reserve
Western Reserve
for the purpose of missionary work in the region, and became the first minister to settle in the Western Reserve.[2] William completed preparatory studies, and after his father's death in 1815, moved to Cincinnati, Ohio
Cincinnati, Ohio
where he taught school and studied medicine. Some time later, he decided on a law career, and undertook study in a law office, according to the custom of the time, and was admitted to the bar at Franklin, Indiana, in 1819. Political career[edit] He served as Clerk of the Indiana
Indiana
House of Representatives in 1820 and for the Indiana
Indiana
State Senate in 1821. Appointed to a state judgeship, he served as President Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit from 1822–1825, 1834–1837 and 1850-1853, and presided over the trial resulting from the Fall Creek Massacre, which resulted in the first recorded case of a white man being sentenced to death for crimes against Indians.[3] In between judicial assignments he served as Indiana's Secretary of State (1825–1829) and as the Prosecuting Attorney for the same circuit from 1829-1831. Congress[edit] In 1838, Wick was elected to the Twenty-sixth Congress as a Democrat, and began his first term from March 4, 1839. Having failed in his bid for reelection, he resumed his private law practice in Indianapolis. Wilmot Proviso[edit] In 1844, Wick was re-elected to Congress. In 1846, during the debates on the Wilmot Proviso, he proposed an amendment to extend the Missouri Compromise line to the pacific coast. Wick feared that free blacks would flood the urban northeast. The proposal was defeated 89-54. The Wilmot Proviso
Wilmot Proviso
passed the House in August, and was defeated in the Senate. Wick was a leading opponent of racial mixing and integration, and famous for his opposition to the annexation of Mexican territory: "I do not want any mixed races in our Union, nor men of any color except white, unless they be slaves. Certainly not as voters or legislators."[4] He also served on the Board of Directors of the American Colonization Society, which helped to establish Liberia
Liberia
as a homeland for free blacks. While a member of Congress, fifty-two year old Wick wrote about himself to a friend, describing himself as "fair, a little fat, having increased since 1833 from 146 to 214 pounds— six feet and one inch high, good complexion, portly." Wick, speaking of himself said that "Wick has committed much folly in his time—the principal of which has been holding offices, writing rhymes, playing cards for money, and paying other people's debts—all which he abandoned about the time he became a Democrat." By now his hair had turned gray, and he was suffering from frequent fevers and what he described as "bilious attacks and dyspepsia." Speaking of himself, Wick told his friend that "He has acquired a good deal of miscellaneous knowledge, loves fun, looks serious, rises early, works much, and has a decided penchant for light diet, humor, reading, business, the drama, music, a fine horse, his gun, and the woods. W[ick] owes nothing, and were he to die today his estate would inventory eight or nine hundred dollars . . . . He 'takes no thought for tomorrow.' but relies upon the same good Providence to which he is debtor for all. W. would advise young men to fear and trust God, to cheat rogues, and deceive intriguers by being perfectly honest . . . to touch the glass lightly, to eschew security and debt, tobacco, betting, hypocrisv and federalism, to rather believe, or fall in with new philosophical and moral humbugs, and to love woman too well to injure her. They will thus be happy now, and will secure serenity at fifty-two years of age and thence onward."[5] He remained in Congress until the expiration of the Thirtieth Congress in March 1849, having chosen not to stand for reelection. Later life[edit] In 1853, President Franklin Pierce
Franklin Pierce
appointed him Postmaster of Indianapolis, Indiana
Indiana
in which capacity he served until 1857. Later he served as Adjutant General in the State Militia. He moved to Franklin, Indiana, in 1857, where he continued his law practice, and sat as a judge of the Circuit Court for a fourth time for two months in the Autumn of 1859. He died in Franklin, Indiana
Indiana
on May 19, 1868. He was interred in Greenlawn Cemetery. Notes[edit]

^ http://www.thisday.pcahistory.org/2014/09/september-3-rev-william-wick/ ^ History of Trumbull and Mahoning Counties, pp. 379 H.Z. Williams & Bros. 1882 ^ Funk, p. 38 ^ http://www.economist.com/books/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10097612 ^ Woollen, William Wesley, Biographical and Historical Sketches of Early Indiana
Indiana
pp. 254

Sources[edit]

Funk, Arville L. (1983) [1969]. A Sketchbook of Indiana
Indiana
History (Revised ed.). Rochester, Indiana: Christian Book Press. 

United States Congress. " William W. Wick
William W. Wick
(id: W000436)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
United States Congress
website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

Political offices

Preceded by Robert A. New Secretary of State of Indiana 1825–1829 Succeeded by James Morrison

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by William Herod Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 6th congressional district 1839–1841 Succeeded by David Wallace

Preceded by William J. Brown Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 5th congressional district 1845–1849 Succeeded by William J. Brown

v t e

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana

1st district

Prince Call Boon Blake Boon Proffit Owen Embree Albertson Lockhart Miller Lockhart Niblack Law Niblack Fuller Heilman Kleiner Hovey Posey Parrett Taylor Hemenway Foster Boehne Sr. Lieb Denton Luhring W. Wilson Rowbottom Boehne Jr. Schulte Madden Benjamin Hall Visclosky

2nd district

Jennings Carr Ewing J. W. Davis Ewing J. W. Davis Thompson Henley Dunham English Cravens Kerr Wolfe Williams Humphreys Cobb O'Neall Bretz Hardy Miers Chaney Cullop Bland Greenwood Durgan Halleck Landgrebe Fithian Sharp McIntosh Pence Chocola Donnelly Walorski

3rd district

Test O. Smith Test Carty Carr Graham Carr J. L. White T. Smith Robinson Dunham Dunn Hughes Dunn Harrington R. Hill Hunter Holman Kerr Carr Bicknell Stockslager Howard Brown Tracewell Zenor Cox Dunbar Gardner Dunbar Crowe Pettengill Grant Crook Crumpacker Nimtz Brademas Hiler Roemer Souder Stutzman Banks

4th district

Lane Dunn T. Smith Cravens C. Smith Julian Parker Lane Cumback Foley Holman Farquhar Holman Julian Je. Wilson New Sexton New Holman Watson Holman Griffith Dixon Benham Canfield Farley Gillie Kruse Adair Roush Quayle Coats Long Souder Buyer Rokita

5th district

McCarty Rariden Kennedy Brown Wick Brown Hendricks Parker Holloway Kilgore Julian Coburn Holman Browne Matson Cooper Overstreet Faris Holliday Moss Sanders N. Johnson Gillen Griswold Harness Walsh Beamer Roush Roudebush Hillis Jontz Buyer Burton Brooks

6th district

Kinnard Herod Wick Wallace J. W. Davis Dunn Gorman Hendricks Barbour Gregg Porter Dumont Coburn Voorhees Hunter Robinson Myers Browne H. Johnson Watson Barnard Gray Comstock Elliott Larrabee Jenckes N. Johnson Harden Wampler Roudebush Bray Evans Burton Pence Messer

7th district

Hannegan A. White Howard Lane Wright McGaughey Thompson McGaughey J. G. Davis Scott J. G. Davis Voorhees Washburn Orth Manson Cason Landers Hanna Matyr Peelle English Bynum Henry Overstreet Korbly Moores Updike Ludlow Greenwood Landis Noland Bray Myers Pease Kerns J. Carson A. Carson

8th district

Pettit McDonald Mace Ja. Wilson A. White Orth Tyner Hunter Hostetler Peirce Lamb Johnston Brookshire Faris Henry Cromer Adair Vestal Boehne Jr. La Follette Mitchell Denton Merrill Denton Zion Hayes Cornwell Deckard McCloskey Hostettler Ellsworth Bucshon

9th district

Sample Cathcart Fitch Eddy Shanks Cason M. White Orth Doxey Ward Cheadle Waugh Hanly Landis Morrison Purnell Crowe E. Wilson Hogan E. Wilson Hamilton B. Hill Sodrel B. Hill Young Hollingsworth

10th district

Kennedy Rockhill Harlan Brenton Chamberlain Case Mitchell Edgerton Defrees Williams Sayler Haymond Calkins Motte T. Wood Owen Patton Hammond Hatch Crumpacker Peterson W. Wood Gray Springer Harvey Harmon Harvey Roudebush Dennis Sharp Jacobs Jr. J. Carson

11th district

Harlan Pettit Shanks McDowell Stilwell Shanks Packard Evans Cowgill Steele Martin Steele Landis Rauch Kraus Cook Hall Griswold Larrabee Ludlow Jacobs Sr. Brownson Barr Bruce Jacobs Jr. Hudnut Jacobs Jr.

12th district

Hamilton Colerick Lowry J. B. White McClellan McNagny Leighty Robinson Gilbert Gilhams Cline Fairfield Hogg Ludlow

13th district

Baker Calkins Shively Ford Shively Conn Royse Brick Barnhart Hickey Pettengill

At-large

Hendricks Jennings Packard / Orth / Williams

Territory

Parke Thomas Jennings

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 31560588 LCCN: no91024745 US Congress: W000436 SN

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